"The reliability of prototypes is low": the UAZ-469 makes its way into the series

63

UAZ-471 (1960) - load-bearing body, independent suspension, v-shaped engine. Source: uazbuka.ru

UAZ-471


В first part of the material about stories the famous "UAZ" was talking about the difficult birth of the concept of the future light army SUV. The Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant at the end of the 50s did not have much experience in developing its own cars, it was engaged in the assembly of GAZ-69 and UAZ-450 "cars". The last car was the most successful independent development of the Ulyanovskites and, in its own way, made a local revolution in the domestic automotive industry. Until now, machines of this class have not been produced in our country - that is why the "loaf" is still on the conveyor. From the post-war engineering portfolio of UAZ, one can single out an attempt to put the UlZIS-253 diesel truck on the conveyor back in 1944. The car was very decent and could set the tone for the development of the domestic automotive industry for many years to come. But instead of the Ulyanovsk truck, a much less perfect ZIS-150 got on the conveyor of the Moscow ZIS. Since then, the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant has not done anything larger than the UAZ-3303.


UAZ-471. Source: wheelsage.org

The first prototype of the army "UAZ" was the UAZ-460, which managed to take part in comparative tests with Land Rover and the German Sachsenring P3. The military customers were not satisfied with the small ground clearance, and after the demonstration of the equipment, the Ulyanovsk residents went to revise the design.



But there was also an extraordinary prototype in the history of UAZ. An all-terrain vehicle with the index 471 was introduced in 1960 and was devoid of a frame. Yes, sixty years ago the legendary "UAZ" almost got a load-bearing body. Until now, the frame has not completely gone out of fashion among off-road vehicle manufacturers. We can say with complete confidence that the UAZ at the beginning of the 60s could not have provided the load-bearing body with the strength and reliability necessary for a military off-road vehicle. In addition, the load-bearing body turned out to be more expensive than a similar frame one, and the independent suspension was much more capricious than the traditional one.

"The reliability of prototypes is low": the UAZ-469 makes its way into the series
Source: ru.cars.photo




The products of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant prior to acceptance on the assembly line of the UAZ-469. Source: uazbuka.ru


UlZIS-253 is a car that could become a landmark in the domestic automotive industry. Source: uazbuka.ru

But the UAZ-471 revolution did not end there.

Engineers provided the car with a V-shaped 4-cylinder gasoline engine, built on the basis of an in-line "gas" M-21. Ulyanovsk residents managed to increase the engine power from 70 to 82 hp. with., and the military liked it. The 471st prototype was rejected as too avant-garde, and even devoid of the required wheel gears, but the motor was recommended for production. But, as is often the case in the domestic automotive industry, the technology for the production of a progressive engine has not been mastered.


The Ford M151 is the car that was imitated in the development of the UAZ-471. Source: ru.wikipedia.org


"Moskvich-415" could well become the younger brother of the UAZ-469 in the army. But to date, this niche has not been occupied. Source: autoussr.com

The UAZ-471 car, as the automotive expert Yevgeny Kochnev assures, was not born out of nowhere. The overseas Ford M151, which appeared in the US Army in 1959, served as the ideological inspirer. The car was of a lower class than the projected UAZs, but it was distinguished by a monocoque body and independent wheel suspensions.

In the United States, the M151 was produced in various factories until 1982. It is interesting that the engineers of the Moscow plant MZMA (the future AZLK) tried to offer a similar technique to the Soviet Army. The enterprise was definitely knocked out of the all-Union range of automakers by the lack of a military vehicle. The situation in 1957 was supposed to be corrected by the "Moskvich-415", suspiciously reminiscent of the American Willys-MB. The cars of the first series were generally indistinguishable from the object of copying, but the jeeps of the second generation were distinguished by some originality.

But neither the cars of the first series nor the second impressed the military. The report wrote that the bodies of the "Muscovites" are too weak, the cross-country ability and carrying capacity are insufficient. In the literature, there is still no clarity regarding the design of all-wheel drive vehicles - was the body a load-bearing body or did it have a frame? Be that as it may, the upcoming UAZ-469 lost both its younger brother "Moskvich" and the supporting body from the prototype 471.


UAZ-460 did not fit the Soviet army, but fit as a prototype for the Chinese Beijing BJ212. Source: ru.wikipedia.org

And here is the UAZ-460 model, which was discussed in previous section stories and which the Soviet military did not like, liked ... the Chinese! In 1965, seven years before the launch of the UAZ-469 into series, the Chinese Beijing (Beijing) mastered the production of the BJ212 model. In fact, it was a slightly revised prototype of the UAZ-460 with a 75-horsepower engine, a synchronized 3-speed gearbox and a 2-speed transfer case. The Chinese UAZ was produced practically unchanged until the mid-80s.

First outlines


The Soviet military did not like, unlike the Chinese, the Ulyanovsk car with an index of 460 (due to low cross-country ability), as well as a car with an index of 471 (overly complicated and expensive). The UAZ-469, introduced in 1959, was supposed to be the golden mean. The index already corresponded to the future production car, but the appearance did not go far from its predecessor, the UAZ-460.

The light SUV was distinguished by high ground clearance due to single-stage spur gearboxes. The body was three-door with a folding tailgate and was designed for two people with a half-ton load, or for five people with a 50-kilogram load. The spare wheel was located behind the driver, which excluded an additional door on the left side of the car. The SUVs were equipped with serial 70-horsepower engines from the GAZ-21 Volga. Also, the clutch was borrowed from a passenger car.

The main highlight of the design of the UAZ-469 prototype was the torsion bar independent suspension - the plant workers with enviable persistence promoted this idea into mass production.






UAZ-469 1960. In the car, familiar features are already guessed. Source: denisovets.ru

Interestingly, at UAZ, in parallel, on a similar basis, the UAZ-470A off-road van was also developed. In the future, this machine will replace the UAZ-450B wagon layout and will enter the conveyor under the index 452. As you can see, to understand the intricacies of the Ulyanovsk engineering culture, remarkable patience is required.

Military motorists, together with the specialized NII-21, organized large-scale comparative tests for new SUVs, which lasted from January to August 1960. The serial GAZ-69 and the early prototype of the UAZ-460B were used as control vehicles.

What did the previously rejected 460 UAZ forget in this race?

As it turned out, he was predicted to be an inexpensive version of an SUV for the national economy of the Soviet Union. Thus, already at the design stage in Ulyanovsk, two specifications for an SUV were laid down - a simple civilian and a complex army one.

During the run, the very first, at 17,5 thousand kilometers, the UAZ-470A “loaf” surrendered. The 469th car passed much more, but it also did not go without remarks. I did not like the too angular body, which creates high air resistance at speeds. Perhaps the first case in Russian history when military motorists were concerned about the aerodynamics of a car. Experimental vehicles covered more than 20 thousand kilometers and remained in service. But the military did not like the state of the M-21 engine after such a run and the low reliability of the transmission. In particular, the gearbox was destroyed from poor-quality assembly and defects in the drive. The heating system of the “UAZ” tilt body also caused criticism.






UAZ-469 1960. Already in September 1961, the world-famous UAZ-469 will appear in the usual body design. Source: denisovets.ru

But among the obvious advantages stood out a spacious cabin, economy and high cross-country ability. The car went on snow up to 45-50 cm deep, completely surpassing the GAZ-69 in this discipline. The Gorky SUV could not even move along the track beaten by UAZ in the half-meter snow.

The 469th favorably differed from the "gazik" by a quarter more thrust on the hook, which gave the makings of a tractor in the car.

On the highway and off-road, the successes of the new Ulyanovsk car and the well-deserved GAZ-69 were comparable.

The conclusions on the 469th car were pessimistic.

Military representatives wrote:

“The durability and reliability of the UAZ-469 prototypes is low, much lower than that of the GAZ-56 and GAZ-69A, and requires structural and production improvements. The question of using the UAZ-469 in the Soviet Army and the National Economy can be resolved after the State tests are carried out. "

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  1. +4
    11 2021 June
    These cars seem to be the last products of the "Stalinist USSR", which emphasized attention to the auto industry. In the future, they "forgot" about it, and even the Togliatino giant did not change anything.
    1. +7
      11 2021 June
      Quote: Siberian54
      These cars seem to be the last products of the "Stalinist USSR", which emphasized attention to the auto industry. In the future, they "forgot" about it, and even the Togliatino giant did not change anything.

      His kids are still rolling off the assembly line. To be honest, I would love to have a trained Hunter in my garage.
      Good Friday everyone, thank you Eugene for the article !!!
      1. +7
        11 2021 June
        Added additional functions for children, rot in 3 years smile
      2. +9
        11 2021 June
        Vlad, good morning! smile
        It's a pity that they did not start producing Moskvich - 415 for civilian use, I think many would have bought it with pleasure even before the Niva appeared, at that time it was quite difficult to acquire even a decommissioned GAZ - 69, not to mention UAZ.
        Thanks to the author, the article is interesting and informative. good
        1. +6
          11 2021 June
          At MZMA (AZLK) there were no vacant production facilities. And the military tests of the model 415 ended in failure - it was not suitable for military service. But before the creation of the 415 model, all-wheel drive versions of the Moskvich-402 were produced - the Moskvich-410 and 411 with a station wagon. They produced 12000 cars, in 1961 they stopped production, tk. it was necessary to expand the production of the new basic model 407. When AZLK received new workshops, the production of LUAZ vehicles was already established.
          As for the similarity of the 415 and 416 machines to the Wilis, there is an external similarity, but structurally, in terms of mechanics, this is a completely independent development based on the previous MZMA all-wheel drive vehicles. An unpleasant difference between these cars and Willis was a weaker engine, 45 hp. against 54 hp, with a similar mass. This determined the lower cross-country ability of these vehicles, they could not be a tractor for light artillery.
        2. +3
          11 2021 June
          Therefore, they did not release it. The USSR did not know traffic jams, and did not want to acquire them. Delivering people to the place in cities is incomparably more convenient, easier, cheaper, etc. etc. public transport if you can organize it well. The USSR could and knew how, so it was not going to produce hefty iron boxes for 1-4 people, cluttering the roads without the slightest sense. It was a different civilization, arranged differently.
          1. -10
            11 2021 June
            A personal car is freedom, independence, and, well, an indicator of status.
            The scoops were not supposed to have either the first or the second, but the third was determined by the party, and not by personal achievements.
            1. +2
              11 2021 June
              , well, and the status indicator.
              Are you ebony? belay
              1. -11
                11 2021 June
                Quote: Bolt Cutter
                Are you ebony?

                Do you suffer from Down syndrome?
                1. +2
                  11 2021 June
                  Not. And you look like yes. The possession of a car (vehicle) expresses social status only among blacks, Arabs, and the like. From the side it looks funny.

                  Glass wool, faithful Putin
                  It's not even Downism wassat But it explains a lot Yes
            2. +2
              11 2021 June
              A personal car is a weight around your neck, a limitation of all freedoms and a lot of problems. For rudeness - a sleeper.
              1. -9
                11 2021 June
                Quote: Mikhail3
                A personal car is a weight around your neck, restriction of all freedoms and a lot of problems

                From this there is a means to change the car on time, and if you do not want to do it, hire a driver. Your views betray a person in you who simply cannot afford either the first or the second.
                Quote: Mikhail3
                For rudeness - a sleeper.

                I do not know where you saw rudeness there. Did you take the "scoop" at your own expense? It means that you recognize yourself as such.
                Thank you for the tie. I collect them as awards for honesty. laughing
                1. +6
                  11 2021 June
                  There is a remedy for this
                  I'm just curious - do you really believe that the Big Mashyn lifts lol your social status and people look at you differently?
                  1. -8
                    11 2021 June
                    Quote: Bolt Cutter
                    I'm just curious - do you really believe that the big car raises lol your social status and people look at you differently?

                    I'm also interested, you really don't understand that a status thing is not source, index status.
                    And yes, if you consider it a status "Bolshoy Mashyn", you really have a savage mindset.
                    1. +4
                      11 2021 June
                      I'm interested too,
                      Have you been abroad in Russia? The status is not shown, there is no need. If they push him out, it means that he is inflated, your status. And the assistant managers are all on credit (run-of-the-mill) merci. The status is shown (And the CEO catches them in a gray suit.)
                      1. -8
                        11 2021 June
                        Quote: Bolt Cutter
                        Have you been abroad in Russia? The status is not shown - there is no need

                        Well, there are a lot of different things abroad. For example, gay pride parades.
                        We have our own culture in which status is important, including through personal transportation.
                        Before the revolution it was an exit (team), now it is a car.
                      2. +5
                        11 2021 June
                        We have our own culture in which status is important, including through personal transportation.
                        In England, Kondraty would have grabbed you with your Negro mentality, which you consider "your culture" laughing .
                      3. -8
                        11 2021 June
                        Quote: Bolt Cutter
                        In England, Kondraty would have grabbed you with the Negro mentality that you consider "your culture"

                        And with what fright it is necessary to be equal to England.
                        Or are you a foreign agent?
                      4. +3
                        11 2021 June
                        Or are you a foreign agent?
                        Baltic hire of Anglo-Saxon Zionists wassat
                        And with what fright it is necessary to be equal to England.
                        Really. Here's Nigeria or Palestine yet Yes there, yes ... You have to look up to them. And also Papua New Guinea - where social status is expressed by the length of the dried stem, which instead of underwear goes wassat
                      5. -5
                        11 2021 June
                        Three haha. You were there? Did you communicate with people? In Germany / France, the psychological Middle Ages. About the British too.
                      6. +2
                        11 2021 June
                        ri haha. You were there?
                        Has been, is and will be for 17 years Yes ... A citizen there (Britain).
                        In Germany / France, the psychological Middle Ages.
                        How's that? (wife - a native of the city - doesn't know the purge either)
                      7. -6
                        11 2021 June
                        And so: every sverk - know your six. And a good car is a source of pride. If a German has a Mercedes, he will certainly boast of it. And he will definitely make a face at your Volkswagen. And don't lala
                      8. +3
                        11 2021 June
                        German Mercedes, he will certainly brag about it.
                        Have you seen a living German? Not from Kazakhstan wassat
                        And so: every sverk - know your six.
                        You are, to put it mildly, not in the subject. therefore
                        don't need lala
                      9. +5
                        11 2021 June
                        He thinks he bought a bucket of nuts and all the women in Europe have it for nothing. Yeah, the agrarian will pay for every service. And if the car is not visible in terms of social status, then you will look like a moron. Buy a tractor for a start and be the first on the farm.
                      10. -4
                        12 2021 June
                        Saw. Most, that neither is the Germans. One of those circles where it is POLITIVE to drive a Mercedes, at least an Audi. You can buy a Toyota for your wife. Otherwise they will not understand.
                        They also buy expensive watches and their suits are good.
                        I am not generalizing. But in many things the person is the same.
                    2. +7
                      11 2021 June
                      Guys, I don't understand why you are quarreling. In the USSR, a personal car was an unambiguous indicator of status. People, usually Caucasians, stood in front of the car shop and asked the departing buyers to resell the car to them. They had enough money to buy a car at double or even triple the price but did not have sufficient status to purchase it. To buy the Volga in the 80s, it was not enough to stand in line, you still had to get permission from the regional committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, like. I don’t remember exactly.
                      Now G63AMG and others like it say a lot about the owner's income. Frankly speaking, even on credit it is not available to everyone. And income and social status in today's Russia are strongly interconnected. Citizens with income but without status very quickly turn into citizens without income or immigrants.
                      1. +6
                        11 2021 June
                        Now G63AMG and others like it say a lot about the owner's income
                        In England, blacks take expensive second-hand cars on credit for 7 years, and live in social housing. Moreover, he clearly believes that he is the coolest. I think this is wildness.
                      2. +4
                        11 2021 June
                        I think this is wildness.

                        Totally agree with you. However, the standard of living of the domestic "Negro" does not allow such a thing. With a salary of 30 thousand rubles, a loan of 15 cannot be paid over 000 years.
                        UPD
                        I counted for fun. 41,6 years! And this does not include interest.
                      3. -1
                        11 2021 June
                        Quote: MooH
                        However, the standard of living of the domestic "Negro" does not allow such a thing. With a salary of 30 thousand rubles, a loan of 15 cannot be paid over 000 years.

                        In this sense, we are getting clearer in the sense of separating slaves from people.
                        But, as you understand, status is not a loan for 7 years, but the ability to easily buy the same "Gelik" you mentioned, and in a couple of years it is just as easy to change it to a newer model.
                        If a person has taken place, if he is extraordinary, he has the right.
                      4. 0
                        11 2021 June
                        in the sense of separating slaves from people.
                        Your bla-arody, since what age have you come wassat
                      5. -2
                        11 2021 June
                        I counted for fun. 41,6 years!
                        Well, quite a superstive ababa What Negra will not sell either. But it is relatively easy to become the king of the road - 5-6 hundreds a month for 5 years (about 12 packs of cigarettes a week) and your "expired" social status in the stratosphere is like Musk's rocket.
                        Something like this. https://www.cargiant.co.uk/search/bmw/x5
                      6. -8
                        11 2021 June
                        Why are you here poking all England under the nose?
                        It is stale and smells bad.
                        Try to get closer to our realities, we do not live abroad, and the site is patriotic after all.
                      7. +2
                        11 2021 June
                        It is stale and smells bad.
                        "Before you, nothing smelled here." wassat
                        we do not live abroad
                        Some members of the forum just live abroad.
                      8. -1
                        12 2021 June
                        This is exactly the impression she left. Plyusanu.
                      9. +4
                        11 2021 June
                        We also have an idiom - rusty, crumpled but x fifth. Accordingly, the phenomenon takes place. But as your opponent rightly noted, our distance from a Negro in social housing to a peer in England is much greater.
                      10. +1
                        11 2021 June
                        we have a much greater distance from a black man from social housing to a peer in England
                        What does not justify the use of negro show-off and even more so does not make these show-off "culture" and "slave-separator fellow "
                      11. -1
                        12 2021 June
                        Why own 15 lyam? This is too much for a salary of 100.
                      12. -3
                        12 2021 June
                        In America, it’s not the same with blacks. And with us. A person cannot afford good housing. A cooler wheelbarrow - maybe. And figs with him. He likes it so much, but you like it differently.
                        But when there is enough money both for housing and for a wheelbarrow ... This is where the show-off shines. But for their own.
                      13. +1
                        11 2021 June
                        There was even a business selling queues at a car shop, workers at enterprises signed up in a queue for a car, and then sold it. And the lottery ticket, which won the car, was very much in demand by crooks of all stripes, and it was absolutely crazy money. The fact is that the car received on a winning lottery ticket was not subject to confiscation if the owner was convicted of a release with confiscation of property.
                      14. 0
                        15 2021 June
                        But even in the G class there is a bunch of excise taxes and taxes that these wonderful citizens pay and people who want to buy them through 3rd and 4th hands cannot pay ... As a result, the value is lost faster.
          2. +7
            11 2021 June
            Yeah, and half a ton of potatoes to carry on a motorcycle with a sidecar was also another civilization? Since Stalin's times, they planned a car for collective farmers, they could only master it for the chairmen. Niva and the rural modification of the Moskvich 412 appeared much later and did not meet the needs of the villagers by 100%. The four-wheel drive inexpensive pickup never appeared in the USSR and was not even developed since it did not have a concept of military use.
            1. -2
              11 2021 June
              If an affordable car appeared on the free sale, it would immediately clog the city roads. Nothing would have deterred him) The USSR was conceived as a manageable habitat. In which there was no place for the individual transport of idlers. Rather, it resembled something that is being introduced slowly only now, in the form of, for example, car sharing. Like many things that are now presented as great innovations, the USSR was invented and implemented. That's just the implementation let down - the system of government of the USSR could not cope with the power-hungry fools that flooded it. Also a very modern problem)
              1. -1
                11 2021 June
                Now there are many divorced those who pass off poverty and wretchedness of the scoop for valor, attributing it to "wise" decisions and "alternative development".
                There were no cars, because the economy did not pull, and not because of the good life, people were stuffed into cattle-buses to get from a dull sleeping area to a factory for the production of unnecessary garbage and back.
                1. +2
                  11 2021 June
                  It was easier to raise the prices of "luxury goods" while reducing their production costs. Well, and vodka. Where without her. The man either could not buy what he needed or was drinking money away as entertainment.
        3. +2
          11 2021 June
          Quote: Sea Cat
          at that time it was quite difficult to acquire even a decommissioned GAZ - 69, not to mention the UAZ.

          Good day!
          I remember my father's anguish over buying a tractor in the late 80s!
        4. 0
          15 2021 June
          On the other hand, Niva was sold out of line. As well as Muscovites. But the Niva was more expensive than the VAZ 2106 (Hit of sales)
  2. +13
    11 2021 June
    There were no big complaints about the UAZ-469 as a vehicle for the army. Apparently, it was not planned to have much comfort in it: it was so uncomfortable there in winter (especially in the back seat), and hot in summer. But, in comparison with the GAZ-66 ...
    Apparently, there was no desire on the part of the management for the arrangement of amenities and refinements in the army versions of equipment. What can I say, to those who remember these gasoline stoves in kungs and potbelly stoves, "attached" in a handicraft way.
    The impression was that the equipment for the army was produced so that the soldier could
    "To endure all the hardships and deprivations of military service."
    To the author (+)!
    1. +12
      11 2021 June
      In the Ministry of Defense, everything depended on the price and the capabilities of the state, but the Trotskyists did not have a citizen, her as a class ... All wheeled vehicles were planned and produced through the prism of military use ..
      1. +10
        11 2021 June
        Quote: Siberian54
        the equipment was planned and produced through the prism of military use ..
        Yes, it was - why should military equipment need comfort, even the imperialists don't. The main thing is cheapness, simplicity and reliability.
        1. +4
          11 2021 June
          Simplicity and reliability are opposite phenomena. Reliability depends on the loading of the components, and in complex mechanisms the load is lower.
      2. +6
        11 2021 June
        Quote: Siberian54
        but a citizen, the Trotskyists did not have her as a class
        Yes, it was a big mistake not to provide SUVs for the civilian market. It is no secret that in wartime most of the vehicles were supposed to be mobilized, they could have supplemented the mobilization park here and please the motorists.

        For me, you can't give birth yourself - you would have ripped off from the Anglo-Saxons. Until now, they cannot make the same "Hunter" with normal doors, and the GAZ-69 could have been modified in due time. All tuning enthusiasts.

    2. +8
      11 2021 June
      Quote: ROSS 42
      stoves in kungs and potbelly stoves

      In the box of my GAZ-63 there was a standard potbelly stove .... The thing - in !!!
    3. +9
      11 2021 June
      Thank you for the interesting article, I am reading about the technique with great pleasure.
      Yes, it was uncomfortable in the car in winter, but a lot depended on the driver. A little imagination and skill turned the cockpit into a warm interior.
      A bike blanket was laid out under the tarp (one might even say that a copy of the tarp was made from them), and a second stove was installed. A layer of felt mat was laid under the rugs. And it was warm in the cockpit.
      Such drivers were very much appreciated by all kinds of bosses.
      1. +1
        11 2021 June
        In our regiment there was a car of the chief of the signal troops of the Air Force of the Odessa Military District. Heat and sound insulation was cut from the carpets :))
    4. +7
      11 2021 June
      Indeed, one gets the feeling that sometimes these hardships are a necessity for a car of those years! Who, s..ka, designed the GAZ-66 cabin? Rather, for whom? It feels like a chimpanzee worked at GAZ as a tester, but what, for a slender little long-armed driver, it might do! How about people? Why did they not understand that the penny savings on ergonomics are thousands of losses, both human and material, due to driver fatigue?
    5. +1
      11 2021 June
      Our brigade drove normally UAZ commander, early. headquarters and nachpo. Already at the start, the car no longer drove than drove. The battalion commanders did not travel at all.
  3. +1
    11 2021 June
    All the same, the UAZ still looks good. But if your hands are from the back seat, then you cannot approach this car.
    1. +7
      11 2021 June
      All the same, the UAZ still looks good. But if your hands are from the back seat, then you cannot approach this car.

      But if the hands are out of the back seat, then you cannot make cars! Otherwise, they cannot travel 100 km without repair. The UAZ is structurally a very good car, but it was made not by hand, but by something else.
    2. +3
      11 2021 June
      If the hands stick out from the back seat then .... nothing like that should be given. Maybe it will take cheaper for work, but you will pay twice as much for the alteration.
  4. +4
    11 2021 June
    UlZIS-253 was supposed to be produced in Ulyanovsk, and not at the ZIS in Moscow. ZIS was preparing the ZIS-150 model for production. The reason that the car did not go into series was the termination of supplies of machine tools and equipment for the production of diesel engines at YaAZ from the United States. Using the supplied equipment, they were able to organize the production of 4 and 6-cylinder diesel engines, but for 3-cylinder, which was supposed to stand on the UlZIS-253, it was not enough. Before the start of production of GAZ-69, GAZ-MM was assembled at UAZ.
  5. +1
    11 2021 June
    Just Muscovites -410 and 411 were comfortable four-wheel drive cars for a citizen. Like the GAZ-72, the all-wheel drive Victory on the GAZ-69 chassis.
  6. +2
    11 2021 June
    "It was a slightly revised Prototype" among the Chinese, everything was "a little revamped". How well it turned out is another question.
  7. +1
    14 2021 June
    I am well aware of all the main defects of the UAZ-469, discovered after the start of serial production. So, breakdowns of the steering wheel bipod when driving at high speed around corners led to the prohibition of senior command personnel and secretaries of district committees to get into this car. In passing, I will say that the lateral thrust was not rigid enough, which was reflected in the vibration of the steering wheel. All the main shortcomings were of a constructive nature, the Ulyanovsk plant was not to blame for them. It was the factory workers who made great efforts to subsequently cure the car. Among the design mistakes was absolutely stupid: students of automotive universities know very well that the angles of the universal joint at both ends must be equal. Apparently the Gorky design engineers did not know this, and therefore the front part of the UAZ-469 (for which this car was nicknamed "the goat") and its steering wheel began to vibrate strongly at speeds of approx. 80 km / h. It is safe to say that the state tests of the UAZ-469 were carried out very badly. Initially, there was another mistake characteristic of that time. But about her later.

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