Military Review

Libau mousetrap

50
Libau mousetrap

What did not suit the Russian sailors Kronstadt and Helsingfors at the end of the 19th century, in principle, is understandable and understandable: the fleet grew by leaps and bounds, the main enemy of Russia was Germany, which also began to build the most powerful naval forces, and the fleet to counter new threats, an ice-free base and a fortress in the Baltic were required. All this is clear, it is only unclear why Libau, located 80 km from the border, was chosen for this role - a good commercial port in peacetime and no base in case of war.


Although such mysteries in our stories enough, and the clues are usually simple and clear - in this case, Alexander III was sure that Russia is much stronger than the German Empire, and the war will not be defensive, but offensive, respectively, the base and repair facilities brought forward to the front line are a smart decision. In 1890, somehow it was so, Libava is our answer to the Kiel Canal and a visible embodiment of the mood of the admirals:

“The main task for our naval forces in the Baltic Sea is to ensure our superiority in comparison with the fleets of other coastal powers. For this, our fleet must not be inferior to the German one, and if possible, then have an advantage over it on the high seas. The defense of the shores of the Baltic Sea must be active, not allowing a blockade and ready to take advantage of every opportunity to go over to the offensive. "

As a matter of fact, they did not hide why a base near the German border was needed:

“Our defense of the Baltic should be organized not in view of an accidental clash with England, but in view of the inevitable struggle with Germany, which will be a struggle for the world significance of the Russian state and for its very existence within its present borders. Meanwhile, in order to succeed in this struggle, we certainly need dominance in the Baltic Sea ... the most important thing is to create in the Baltic - and precisely in Libau - a heavily fortified ice-free port capable of serving as a refuge for our armored squadron. "

And in 1890, the Grand Duke and Admiral General Alexei Alexandrovich still achieved the beginning of the material embodiment of his political fantasies:

“This is the primary condition both for the actual declaration of our dominion in the Baltic, and for actions against enemy ports and sending detachments to cruise or to link up with a possible ally; in a word - for offensive enterprises, which are necessary for a great naval power, which is obliged to maintain its influence in various theaters of war.

The construction went hard, building from scratch the main base of the largest fleet in Russia and at the same time a fortress was an expensive and long-term undertaking, and our eternal principle “it was smooth on paper” also did not go anywhere, so it turned out that the “non-freezing” Libava could freeze in winter. , frosts over 20 degrees and severe storms are possible there, money was chronically lacking, and the fleet, accordingly, was not built as envisaged by the twenty-year program, in connection with which the planned number of docks and workshops was also cut. In a word, the five-year plan for the construction of the city and the fortress was thwarted, and the construction of the century performed by Imperial Russia dragged on for 14 years, sucking from the already meager budget the money needed in the Pacific Ocean, on Murman, for the strengthening of Moonsund and the construction of ships ...

The plans were constantly corrected, changed, Nicholas II generally believed so:

“We cannot limit ourselves to the already completed works on the construction of the port and that it should be continued to expand, as far as is necessary for the future of the Baltic Fleet.

After the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War, which until 1917, Libava should become the main base of the fleet capable of accommodating:

"9 new squadron battleships, 7 old battleships, 3 coastal defense battleships, 6 old 1st rank cruisers and 28 destroyers."

The Second and Third Pacific Squadrons left Libava, and then, fortunately for the budget and common sense, everything froze. It froze, because there were no new battleships, no old ones, no coastal defense, no money ... Insufficiently fortified Port Arthur and unfortified Sakhalin fell, and what remained in the Baltic could only compete with the Swedes. It was necessary to start everything from scratch, and the bad toy, into which tens of millions of state money had been hammered, was thrown away. More precisely, they did not abandon it, but made it what it was fit to be - the base of light forces. The Libau Fortress itself was abolished in 1907, and the builders were removed. Then there were seven years of peace and quiet, which Libava spent as one of the bases in the Baltic, provincial and tertiary. And then there was the war.

Libau at war



At the beginning of the First World War, a scuba diving training detachment, a hydroaviation detachment was based in Libau, and rare ships of the Baltic Fleet entered. In reality, two British submarines and our submarine "Crocodile" went on military campaigns from Libava. On April 17, 1915, during the German offensive, an order was received - to leave Libau: something was blown up, something was flooded, and on April 24 the Germans entered the city. Hochseeflote should have been grateful to Russia - to get a first-class port with docks, barracks, repair shops and a developed network of railways during the war - isn't that a gift? The Germans, by the way, actively used the port, and those attempts to disable the huge complex of structures that the Russian command made did not interfere with this. And after the Germans came the British, whose Baltic squadron acquired a reliable base during the intervention.

Summing up the results - the Libava of the Russian Empire was not useful at all. Any fishing village would be suitable as a temporary base for the submarine. But for the Germans and the British, against whom the port of Alexander III was designed and built with such fervor, the base served correctly, once again proving one simple truth - the issues of logistics in war are primary. And the Russo-Japanese War saved us from the worst, turn the policy differently, and we risked getting Port Arthur in the Baltic, and the pupils in schools, in addition to the heroic defense of Sevastopol with the death of the fleet, to study the heroic defense of Libava with ... The mousetrap did not work then , we just built a wonderful base for the enemy, which, as a result of the war, went to the Latvians, allied with the Allied Entente, who was hostile to the newborn USSR, and a potential threat in the Baltic. Although this did not work, and after 25 years, the rightful owners returned to Libau.

Trap clang


Returned to its home harbor, Libau has preserved a serious infrastructure of the fleet, and most importantly - an excellent factory. The formation of the Baltic naval base began and, in its composition, the Libau base, which was commanded by Captain 1st Rank Klevansky. The forces themselves in Libau were few: five torpedo boats, four hunters, nine border boats and three batteries - two 130 mm and one 180 mm. In this sense, unlike the tsarist times, they looked at Libava soberly. But the plant ... The repair capacity in the Baltic was terribly lacking, and on 22.06.1941 the destroyer "Lenin" and 15 submarines were under repair in Libau. The assault on the city began on June 23, and the city fell on June 29. Unlike the tsarist times, they kept him to the end, but this did not correct the situation, in Libau they were lost:

“On the night of June 24, those who did not have the opportunity to leave the base were blown up by the crews of submarines M-71 (commander Lieutenant Commander L.N.Kostylev), M-80 (commander Lieutenant Commander F.A. Mochalov), S-1 (commander Lieutenant Commander IT Morskoy), Ronis (commander Lieutenant Commander AI Madisson), Spidola (commander Senior Lieutenant VI Boytsov). The destroyer "Lenin" with a disassembled vehicle and removed artillery was also destroyed by its own crew. The icebreaker "Silach" was blown up. "

In addition, during a breakthrough from the base of serviceable ships and vessels, submarines "S-3", "M-78" and two TKA were killed. In the base itself, it was lost:

“Before the start of the war, warehouses in Libau had 493 mines (according to other sources, 3.532 mines and defenders), 146 torpedoes, 41 trawls, 3.000 depth charges, 9.761 tons of fuel oil, 1.911 tons of diesel fuel, 585 tons of gasoline, 10.505 tons of coal (according to others data, only 15.000 tons of fuel). "

Lots of property. The trap slammed shut with a clang. The defense of the city cost the Red Army 10 thousand people. And then Libava again served the Germans until the very end of the war, the city was liberated only on May 9, 1945.

Again



Photo: kultpohod.wordpress.com

In the post-war years, mostly outdated submarines were based on Libau. The most interesting thing is that by the end of the country, 14 squadron of submarines was located there, the core of which was our unique freaks - diesel submarines with ballistic and heavy cruise missiles of projects 629 and 651. The meaning of this was - obsolete and vulnerable boats, if where they could work on NATO its weapons - so it is in the Baltic. But 1991 came, the boats were abandoned, as well as the coastal base, and on June 1, 1994, the last Russian ships left the port. For a long time the Latvians were dismantling the half-flooded Soviet submarines ... Now in Liepaja there is a NATO base, and again, a pointless and sabotage fortress, built for a very expensive price, serves the enemies of Russia. Except in the post-war period, when it was useful to our country, Libava helped the Germans (twice, a total of seven years out of eight two world wars), the British, the Entente, NATO ...

It remains once again to remember with an unkind word Alexei Alexandrovich, Emperor Alexander III and his admirals, who built such a cool fortress for the enemies of Russia in the Baltic. And it's worth it to finish in winter news:

“At the moment, nine structures of the Latvian Ministry of Defense are quartered in Liepaja, including warships, units of the civil militia“ Home Guard ”, etc. The plan for the development of a military base in this city is divided into two stages. During the first stage, it is planned to build a barracks, a headquarters building, a canteen, a food warehouse, a medical center, a sports complex, a garrison warehouse, warehouses for the "Home Guard" and naval forces, a repair shop, transport boxes, etc. At the second stage, an ammunition warehouse will be built , gas station, marinas and other facilities. It is worth recalling here that the port of Liepaja is periodically used for unloading NATO heavy equipment arriving in Latvia to participate in exercises. "

Just to gauge how much one mistake can cost.
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  1. aleks neym_2
    aleks neym_2 9 June 2021 05: 05
    +12
    They "learn" from mistakes - in Sudan, it seems, they also began to build a base for mattress makers.
    1. Machito
      Machito 9 June 2021 10: 45
      +1
      Chingachgook does not step on the same rake twenty-five thousand times. Old Man repeated the mistakes of his predecessors by buying shares in the Liepaja port for the export of potash, oil products and other cargo. Multi-vector is a loss-making business.
      1. Bolt cutter
        Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 11: 18
        +9
        having bought shares of Liepaja port
        And not Klaipeda by chance? It's close by, but abroad.
        1. Machito
          Machito 9 June 2021 20: 48
          -2
          Who cares? One word - Romanians. laughing
          1. Bolt cutter
            Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 20: 54
            +3
            We do not steal horses and do not read fortunes on our hands. Not Romanians.
            1. Machito
              Machito 9 June 2021 20: 55
              -3
              Bulgarians? Powdered?
              1. Bolt cutter
                Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 20: 57
                +3
                No, we don't approach our appearance with such meticulousness either.
  2. Catfish
    Catfish 9 June 2021 05: 40
    +10
    Fighting in Libau in 1941.

    Not everything was so easy for the Germans, two photos of one self-propelled gun.

    1. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 09: 40
      +9
      In the village of my grandfather (Eastern Ukraine) he lived across the road drinking companion friend - he defended Liepaja with an 18 year old marine. He said it was tough.
    2. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 10: 51
      +10





      Northern Fort, built by order of Alexander III and renamed by his son Nicholas II in honor of his father. It was built from 3 to 2 (under the leadership of Major General Ivan McDonald - this is such a McDonald's on the coast) And on April 1893, 1906, they blew it up so that the advancing Germans would not get it. Now local people rest there (it is easy to drive through the forests in a jeep) and rare seals.
      1. Bolt cutter
        Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 11: 01
        +10




        If you go further north along the coast, you will find just such a position of coastal artillery (apparently built immediately after the war, before the missiles - the last DMB, drawn in green paint - 1951) One of the bunkers was washed out of the sandy coast and it is awkwardly lying on the beach. And a little further, our Liepaja twin towers yes rangefinder post. And the nature is beautiful. And if you go into the forest from the coast, there is practically a CITY - abandoned military bases, overgrown with raspberries mixed with the remnants of a thorn that was once energized. Interestingly, she was specially planted there? Obviously not wild - hefty berries like in an expensive store. In those abandoned houses, you can walk for days, arguing about the frailty of life and the inexorable course of history.
        1. Bolt cutter
          Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 11: 09
          +8
          [Center] Peter I stayed in this house when he passed through Libau.
          1. Bolt cutter
            Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 11: 15
            +8
            And these are the remains of something fortification already in the south of Liepaja, a hundred meters (approximately) from the sea. There is a lot of such good there.
            1. sergej987
              sergej987 15 June 2021 16: 36
              0
              4 of them there.
              1. Bolt cutter
                Bolt cutter 15 June 2021 16: 42
                -1
                In general, I spoke about the remains of the fortification in Liepaja. And what exactly are these left behind?
                1. sergej987
                  sergej987 16 June 2021 12: 51
                  0
                  From them to the sea about 300 meters, no more. Part of the air defense was standing there. Probably some kind of poo. Some of them were later relocated a little out of town. And so these nuts are located within the city. There are also forts in the center of the city, but few of them have survived.
                  1. Bolt cutter
                    Bolt cutter 16 June 2021 12: 57
                    -1
                    And so these nuts are located within the city
                    Dienvidrietumu rajons. There used to be a tram there, until it was redirected to Ezerkrasts.
                    There are also forts in the city center
                    Almost on the coast, near the stadium not far from the port?
                    1. sergej987
                      sergej987 17 June 2021 08: 57
                      0
                      Klaipedas street. The tram ring was moved to ezerkrast, removing 1 remains. At the dynamo stadium near the port and the sea.
                2. sergej987
                  sergej987 16 June 2021 12: 56
                  +1
                  In the film "Hands Up", filming was carried out at some of the fortresses.
        2. your1970
          your1970 11 June 2021 08: 08
          +1
          Quote: Bolt Cutter
          Interestingly, she was specially planted there? Obviously not wild - hefty berries like in an expensive store.
          - wild !!!
          It's always like this in restricted areas - I don't know why. We have mushrooms on this and that side of the fence - 10 meters in total !! - differed in size by half. ... And the same garbage with a berry.
          And hares and other game in the border zone of 5 kilometers are not frightened at all
  3. Unknown
    Unknown 9 June 2021 07: 05
    +2
    The Livonian War of 1558-1583, the Russian-Swedish War of 1590-1595, the Northern War of 1700-1721, and then three more wars with the Swedes (1741-1743 1788-1790 1808-1809), suggest that Russia is not could put up with the fact that the entire Baltic coast is open to uninvited guests. Any overseas Varangian could walk from the Baltic states in the North-East of Russia. It was necessary to seal this passage yard, which was done in the Republic of Ingushetia, creating a naval base on the coast, fortifying the Moonsund Islands, with artillery naval batteries. After the collapse of the Republic of Ingushetia, and the ensuing Civil War, the Baltic limitrophes were formed. Very soon, the Soviet state realized that good-neighborly relations with them did not add up, from the word at all. Territorial claims began, followed by conflicts. But most importantly, they were happy , are ready to open their doors to any Varangians. The USSR did not intend to endure such a thing, and in 1940 it closed these doors. Then there was the Second World War, and the Germans reached Leningrad through the Baltics and the Northeast, then with great reluctance they began to roll back, and the last to surrender in Courland. ... Rebuilt the entire port infrastructure. And in 1991, having simply abandoned everything, they fled the Baltic states. Yes, there are so many indigenous people who have never lived there, as Russia has left there for all times, abundantly watered with blood. For this reason alone, there was no need to leave. When you leave, stay, that's what the slogan should be. And now everything is repeated again, the doors are open, the overseas Varangians arrive, and the calls from there are oh, not friendly. Unfortunately, history does not teach them, and neither does our leadership.
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 9 June 2021 09: 27
      +2
      Quote: Unknown
      It was necessary to seal this passage yard, which was done in the Republic of Ingushetia, creating a naval base on the coast, fortifying the Moonsund Islands, with artillery naval batteries.

      Well, yes, at the first nimble, this "sealed yard" was supposed to be left without a fight. The evacuation of the UOPP, the withdrawal of ships to Revel and preparations for the destruction of the port infrastructure began to declaration of war by Germany RI. Anadyr transport with three UOPP boats left Libava on July 29th.
      1. Unknown
        Unknown 9 June 2021 13: 15
        +2
        Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Well, yes, at the first nimble, this "sealed yard" was supposed to be left without a fight. The evacuation of the UOPP, the withdrawal of ships to Revel and preparations for the destruction of the port infrastructure began before the declaration of war by Germany RI. Anadyr transport with three UOPP boats left Libava on July 29th.

        In no way, he was not left without a fight. The evacuation and withdrawal of the UOPP is correct, since 2-08-14 years old, Libava was shelled by German cruisers. The Germans took it in 1915. Before the capture, destroyers of the special purpose half-division entered there. The British submarines E-16 and E-1 that left Yarmouth on October 9 to sail to the Baltic Sea, having successfully broken through the Danish straits, arrived at Libava (E-1 - October 21, E-9 - October 22). So, the naval base was working. There was also a naval base, on the coast of Estonia in Finland. Island batteries and mine laying reliably sealed the Riga and the Gulfs of Finland.
        1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 9 June 2021 14: 06
          +1
          Quote: Unknown
          So the naval base was working.

          Don't be ridiculous - "it worked")) A Russian officer who met E-1 and E-9 in Libau sadly reported that the Germans were advancing along the coast, and therefore the port facilities were blown up. Von Essen suggested that the boats go to the base in the Gulf of Finland, but the British remained in the ruins of the port of Libau to await the third boat sent by Jellicoe through the straits - E-11. Only after confirming the idea that E-11 had died, both boats left the rendezvous and moved to Lapvik. That's all the "work" of the base.
          1. Unknown
            Unknown 9 June 2021 14: 48
            +2
            Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.

            Don't be ridiculous - "it worked")) A Russian officer who met E-1 and E-9 in Libau sadly reported that the Germans were advancing along the coast, and therefore the port facilities were blown up

            The front-line city, it is the front-line one. On 4-11-14, it was subjected to a second shelling, which lasted 4 hours. Naturally, everything was destroyed there. In 41, they did not manage to evacuate, for example, 20-21 .06. , and left there. At the "Tosmare" shipyard continued to be in need of repair: six submarines, the destroyer "Lenin", the icebreaker "Silach". The ships were then blown up ...
            Destroyer Lenin submarine ....
            1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 9 June 2021 14: 59
              +1
              Quote: Unknown
              On 4-11-14 years old, was subjected to a second shelling, which lasted 4 hours. Naturally, everything was destroyed there.

              It was destroyed even without the Kaiser's artillery. In addition, 4.11 British boats were no longer in Libau, they left for Lapvik on 30 October.
              1. Unknown
                Unknown 9 June 2021 18: 39
                0
                Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                It was destroyed even without the Kaiser's artillery. In addition, 4.11 British boats were no longer in Libau, they left for Lapvik on 30 October.

                What does it change? Today they left, tomorrow they may come. And in general, the commander of the coastal defense division of the Baltic Sea (Rear Admiral Mishke) was a complete idiot, driving his cruisers, burning tons of coal, despite the danger of mine, wasting a lot of shells, shelling Libava. Here are boobies, in the same place they destroyed everything themselves. To disperse them, together with the intelligence department and agents, which were in Libau, is a dime a dozen. The Germans are badly set in this regard.
  4. Silhouette
    Silhouette 9 June 2021 08: 12
    +4
    Vyunoshi is written with "I", literate.
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich 9 June 2021 08: 22
    +2
    ... All this is clear, it is only unclear why Libau, located 80 km from the border, was chosen for this role.


    Therefore, why was the place chosen for city ​​and fortress Vladivostoklocated just as close to the border (and nothing happened to Vladivostok)

    No less "stupidity" was, apparently, the construction of the port of Romanov-on-Murman (we look at the distance to the border and almost there the fleet base), as well as the arrangement of the port and the Mikhailovskaya fortress in Batumi, etc.

    The Germans turned out to be generally ichiots: they built all sorts of ports, fortresses, cities of Memel, Danzig, Pillau,, Konigberg, etc., and they own them, they are used by completely different people.

    And they had to spit on them and develop only Sprout and Keel to the maximum ...

    States are developing without assuming the loss of territories.

    As for the terrible usefulness of the 19th century Russian fortress to today's NATO, it can be noted that Libava was a first-class seaport long before the construction of fortifications began ...
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 9 June 2021 09: 38
      +1
      Quote: Olgovich
      States are developing without assuming the loss of territories.

      Reasonable. But the state should assume the possibility of war, shouldn't it? On the eve of WWI, Libava was a peacetime naval base and, in the case of a DB, had no prospects of defense. Therefore, it was left a few days before the Kaiser declared war on the Republic of Ingushetia.
  6. Nurdom
    Nurdom 9 June 2021 08: 31
    +10
    I was born there. Parents served in Liepaja. At the beginning of the 90s, they dropped everything.
    The military unit was disbanded. They sent someone where. We went to the garrisons until we settled near Moscow.
    1. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 10: 06
      +7
      I was born there too. In the early 90s he came there from the USSR to obtain Latvian citizenship. Now I live in England.
      1. IGOR GORDEEV
        IGOR GORDEEV 9 June 2021 17: 36
        +1
        Quote: Bolt Cutter
        I was born there too. In the early 90s he came there from the USSR to obtain Latvian citizenship. Now I live in England.

        How is life in England? It seems that you are here at the forum, an ardent oppositionist to the Russian government ... Interesting.
        1. Bolt cutter
          Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 18: 16
          +5
          It seems that you are here at the forum, an ardent oppositionist to the Russian government.
          I do not recommend getting baptized, but I advise you to read my comments. I am quite okay with the Russian authorities, albeit without exaggeration. I am an ardent realist.
          How is life in England?
          Normally.
          1. IGOR GORDEEV
            IGOR GORDEEV 9 June 2021 21: 42
            +3
            Quote: Bolt Cutter
            It seems that you are here at the forum, an ardent oppositionist to the Russian government.
            I do not recommend getting baptized, but I advise you to read my comments. I am quite okay with the Russian authorities, albeit without exaggeration. I am an ardent realist.
            How is life in England?
            Normally.

            I apologize - I confused it with another nickname. hi
            1. Bolt cutter
              Bolt cutter 9 June 2021 21: 43
              0
              With whom? There is one here, yes.
          2. Gardener91
            Gardener91 10 June 2021 21: 15
            +1
            Quote: Bolt Cutter
            I am an ardent realist.

            It is commendable, I rarely meet, mostly analysts and forecasters. Special thanks for the comments, informative ...
            1. Bolt cutter
              Bolt cutter 10 June 2021 21: 17
              0
              Special thanks for the comments, informative ...
              I'm trying ... Wait, I'm thinking of writing a couple more articles - one has already been successful.
  7. Niko
    Niko 9 June 2021 10: 32
    +1
    More than a hundred years have passed since the construction began and was never completed. The author seriously believes that NATO is still enjoying the fruits of those "mistakes"?
  8. Irbenwolf
    Irbenwolf 9 June 2021 12: 23
    +3
    Bad thoughts of the dilettante ...

    Liepaja is located in the middle of the Baltic Sea. At the time of construction Kengsberg was a German port. This is, in principle, one of the cradles of the Germans, so they will ask for more. The port of Riga with the Gulf of Riga is simply locked with minefields (in the 19th century by a squadron) in the Irbensky Strait, therefore it is irrational to build a military port here - it's like in a puddle. To drag ships to Tallinn or to St. Petersburg, firstly, is far, and secondly, the Gulf of Finland is just as elementary plugged with minefields - it was proved by the Second World War. Therefore, they began to build a port in Liepaja.

    Undoubtedly, from the point of view of war, this is a house in an open field, however, they did not expect to surrender the territory as epic as in 1915, in 1941 it was нападение - that's why the city fell so quickly.
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 9 June 2021 12: 52
      +2
      Quote: IrbenWolf
      in 1941 there was an attack - that's why the city fell so quickly.

      The thought is deep. And the "attack" was the reason that "fell", or that "quickly"?
      Quote: IrbenWolf
      Liepaja is located in the middle of the Baltic Sea.

      Gotland is located in the middle of the Baltic Sea.
      Quote: IrbenWolf
      Therefore, they began to build a port in Liepaja.

      The construction began because the Baltic did not freeze here. Almost did not freeze. In the winter months, all commerce went through the port of Libava (the second largest in the Baltic).
      1. Irbenwolf
        Irbenwolf 14 June 2021 10: 22
        0
        The thought is deep. And the "attack" was the reason that "fell", or that "quickly"?

        Weird question. Obviously, it's "fast". Without supply routes (cut by the Germans in 1941) The port is a trap.
        Gotland is located in the middle of the Baltic Sea.

        Tell me, when did Gotland become Russian / Soviet? At the same time, tell us about what it is like to supply a conditional port on the island and a conditional port on the mainland.
        The construction began because the Baltic did not freeze here. Almost did not freeze.

        This, of course, is also an important factor. I agree.
  9. Andrey Shiryaev
    Andrey Shiryaev 9 June 2021 13: 03
    +6
    The vest covered my chest, an overcoat lay on my shoulders and a peakless cap with a black ribbon took 2 lives, I served all 2 years in the resort town of Liepaja, but I never had a chance to swim.
  10. Moore
    Moore 9 June 2021 13: 56
    +5
    Film "The City Under Linden Trees" 1971 Defense of Libava (Liepaja)
    1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
      Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 9 June 2021 16: 50
      +2
      Thank you! I have not seen this film in due time.
  11. vladcub
    vladcub 9 June 2021 18: 16
    +2
    In this case, the filmmakers: "If tomorrow is war" consulted with V. K. Aleksandrovich?
    It was just a tempting idea: to create a front-line base for the BF. In 1890, Libava was seen it, and in 1940 Tallinn was considered such a base. And here and there, the designers assumed: "a war with little blood and on foreign territory"
  12. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 9 June 2021 19: 06
    +2
    Particularly amused by the phrase: "Any fishing village is suitable for basing a submarine))))
  13. Andrey Grad
    Andrey Grad 10 June 2021 11: 18
    -1
    By the example of Libava, the author wants to show the strategic futility for Russia of all military ports in the Baltic, including modern ones in Kaliningrad?
    Or is only Libavsky, located in the central Baltic, strategically vulnerable?
    If so, then Sevastopol is also vulnerable and there is no point in investing big money in it.
    Explain military strategists to stupid civilians.
  14. Astrologer
    Astrologer 11 June 2021 16: 24
    +1
    Admiral Dubasov, at one time, lay down with bones so that a base would not be built in Libau. He argued that it would end up as a trap. As I looked into the water ...
    1. Andrey Grad
      Andrey Grad 14 June 2021 17: 54
      0
      Can you explain the logic behind this trap?