The F-35 fighter used by the United States and its allies is the most ambitious and expensive weapons project in the world today. This program was started to replace the wide range of old combat aircraft such as fighters, attack aircraft and reconnaissance aircraft in service with the countries participating in the project.
This tells news EurAsian Times portal.
There are eight international partners of the program - USA, UK, Italy, Netherlands, Australia, Norway, Denmark and Canada. Six more foreign customers purchase and operate the F-35: Israel, Japan, South Korea, Poland, Belgium and Singapore.
The main contractor is the American company Lockheed Martin. The project X-35 fighter won the competition against the X-32 developed by Boeing. Ultimately, the X-35 became the F-35 Lightning II, which is intended to gradually replace various military aircraft such as the American F-16, A-10, F / A-18, AV-8B and the British Harrier GR7, GR9, Tornado GR4. ...
This combat vehicle is available in three versions: A, B and C. The F-35B entered service with the Marine Corps in 2015, then in 2016 the F-35A appeared in the US Air Force, and in 2019 the US Navy received the F-35C.
The foreign press talks about the differences between the modifications of the F-35 fighter.
The F-35A aircraft takes off from a conventional airfield runway, like most other military and civilian aircraft. Therefore, it is supplied to the Air Force.
The publication calls the F-35B "the most impressive" version of this project, which has advantages over the other two. This fighter is capable of literally hovering in the air, taking off and landing vertically. To provide this opportunity, it was equipped with three engines: two lifting and one lifting-sustainer. But because of this, the aircraft sacrifices about a third of its fuel supply, which significantly reduces its range. This is a definite disadvantage of the F-35B.
The F-35C fighter takes off from aircraft carriers using a catapult. It features larger wing sections with fold-down sections and a stronger landing gear to reduce the load when landing on deck.
In general, the observer of the mentioned publication believes that among all three modifications of the fifth generation F-35 fighter, it is the F-35B version that is the most successful and potentially in demand.