Military Review

June 1 - Day of Military Transport Aviation

24

On June 1, Russia celebrates the Day of Military Transport aviation (BTA). This date did not appear by chance, exactly 90 years ago, on June 1, 1931, the first Experimental Airborne Detachment was formed in the Leningrad Military District, which is considered the first military transport unit in stories Soviet / Russian aviation.


The first detachment of military transport aviation consisted of only two squadrons, which were armed with completely different aircraft. The first had R-5 reconnaissance aircraft, the second had TB-1 heavy bombers. Later, PS-84 (Li-2) aircraft were adopted by the VTA.

The main tasks in the initial period of the formation of military transport aviation was the release of airborne assault forces. The full-fledged debut of the VTA was the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940, when transport aircraft were involved in the transfer of goods, troops and the evacuation of the wounded from the front.


The years of the Great Patriotic War became an ordeal for the Military Transport Aviation. The lack of specialized military transport aircraft was compensated by the involvement of heavy TB-3 bombers, the mobilization of civilian transport aircraft PS-40 and PS-41. In 1942, the military transport Yak-6 appeared, in 1943 - Sche-2. During the Second World War, Soviet aviation made more than 1,7 million sorties, more than a third of which accounted for military transport aviation.

In its history, the Military Transport Aviation has changed its name several times. In March 1946, the Airborne Transport Aviation was created as part of the Airborne Forces, in 1949 it was transformed into the Airborne Transport Aviation of the Airborne Forces and in this form it existed until 1955, when it was withdrawn from the Airborne Forces, transferred to the Air Force with direct subordination to the commander-in-chief and got its current name.

In 1998, the Military Transport Aviation was brought down by the 61st Air Force of the Supreme High Command (strategic). At present, the VTA is an integral part of the Aerospace Forces, designed to solve strategic, operational and operational-tactical tasks, which include: the landing of airborne forces, the delivery of weapons, ammunition and materiel to the troops, ensuring the maneuver of aviation formations and units, transportation of troops, ammunition and materiel, evacuation of the wounded and sick, as well as participation in peacekeeping operations.


As of January 1, 2021, the VTA of the Russian Aerospace Forces consisted of nine regiments and divisions, armed with the following aircraft: super-heavy - An-124, heavy - An-22, Il-76MD-90A and Il-76MD, medium - An-12 , light - An-26 and ultralight - An-2, as well as transport helicopters Mi-8MTV. The development of the latest military transport aircraft is underway, and soon the Il-112V is to enter service with the VTA, which should replace the An-26.

On this day, "Voennoye Obozreniye" congratulates the transport pilots, the personnel of the military transport aviation and everyone who is related to it, on their professional holiday! We wish you good health, family happiness and success in your service!
Photos used:
https://twitter.com/mod_russia
24 comments
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  1. Ros 56
    Ros 56 1 June 2021 07: 33
    -2
    Have you forgotten about Children's Day?
    1. Peak
      Peak 1 June 2021 07: 47
      +8
      Happy 90th anniversary, you BTA!
      Stay so that you can be a good fellow even at 100.

      YandexDisk, wallpaper calendar for June 2021 for the PC desktop, a special issue from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation for the 90th anniversary of the Russian VTA:

      https://vk.com/away.php?to=https%3A%2F%2Fdisk.yandex.ru%2Fd%2FyNiCVr5PPkgv9A&post=-133441491_430262

      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 1 June 2021 08: 58
        +9
        Happy 90th anniversary of BTA to all those involved!
        Happy Day of Military Transport Aviation of the USSR / Russia!
        All those involved in health, success, luck and happiness in your personal life! love

    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. iouris
      iouris 1 June 2021 12: 00
      0
      Quote: Ros 56
      Have you forgotten about Children's Day?

      Now it's BTA Defense Day! Well, children.
  2. Momotomba
    Momotomba 1 June 2021 07: 42
    +5
    An old VTA officer served with me, he always said: we (vtashniki) eagles with chickens @ n @ mi, but we fly far and for a long time! Happy holiday everyone!
  3. askort154
    askort154 1 June 2021 08: 01
    +7
    Where the infantry will not pass
    And the armored train won't rush
    A heavy tank won't creep -
    The steel bird will fly there! good

    Happy Holidays to all those involved in BTA! drinks
  4. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 1 June 2021 08: 16
    +7
    Happy Workers' Day BTA. So that the number of take-offs equals the number of landings.
    1. askort154
      askort154 1 June 2021 08: 45
      +6
      Alexander 3 .....Congratulations to the workaholic VTA. So that the number of take-offs equals the number of landings.

      Just the opposite. The number of landings was equal to the number of take-offs. hi
      1. Alexander 3
        Alexander 3 1 June 2021 08: 58
        +6
        In order to land, at least you need to take off. Others can land, for whatever.
  5. Oleg Aviator
    Oleg Aviator 1 June 2021 08: 50
    +9
    Thank you for your congratulations. He gave the best years to BTA.
    1. Richard
      Richard 1 June 2021 10: 02
      +10
      Happy holiday to all involved. Especially those who served and are serving at the Severny airfield in Ivanovo military unit 13696, 06976. My late father was a pilot of the military aviation
      1. Pete mitchell
        Pete mitchell 1 June 2021 11: 12
        +10
        All those involved with the holiday and a glass to all drinks
        1. SERGE ANT
          SERGE ANT 1 June 2021 12: 13
          +9
          I join in the congratulations to BTA!
          1. SERGE ANT
            SERGE ANT 1 June 2021 12: 18
            +10
            Happy Holidays!
      2. Plufik
        Plufik 1 June 2021 13: 07
        +6
        These military units are no longer there, their successor is military unit 41520.
        All VTA workers who served from Zavitinsk to Artsiz, from Vitebsk to Fergana with a holiday.
  6. Oleg Aviator
    Oleg Aviator 1 June 2021 09: 02
    +6
    There would be more new cars. It is a pity that Antonov is sour now. Excellent design bureau for military technical cooperation. I hope that someday everything will be all right.
    1. Peak
      Peak 1 June 2021 09: 49
      +4
      Quote: Oleg Aviator
      It is a pity that Antonov is sour now. Excellent design bureau for military technical cooperation. I hope that someday everything will be all right.

      Alas, alas, alas ... The likely fate of the Antonov Design Bureau will probably be sad.

      On this occasion, Professor Preobrazhensky said - " Destruction is not in the closets, but in the heads "

      Therefore, therefore what ... Until the whole territory comes to its senses and remembers that they are People and not Skakuas, degradation in everything will only gain momentum.
  7. Lucy
    Lucy 1 June 2021 09: 50
    0
    nine regiments and divisions laughing
  8. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 1 June 2021 10: 02
    +1
    : super-heavy - An-124, heavy - An-22, Il-76MD-90A and Il-76MD, medium - An-12, light - An-26 and ultralight - An-2, as well as transport helicopters

    An-124, property rights belong to the enemy country.
    An-26, the same thing, plus it is outdated for a long time.
    An-12, the same, even older.
    IL-76MD-90A which year they have not been able to establish mass production in any way.
    Most of the aircraft were manufactured in the last century at factories that are either dead or simply inaccessible.
    New ones do not shaky, not roll, plus with notorious jambs.
    All this is not happy somehow.
    1. iouris
      iouris 1 June 2021 13: 04
      0
      The fate of BTA was decided back in 1991 at a rally: they wanted the best.
  9. Plufik
    Plufik 1 June 2021 14: 23
    +2
    Quote: Plufik
    These military units are no longer there, their successor is military unit 41520.
    (This is "Northern" Ivanovo with regards to)
    All VTA workers who served from Zavitinsk to Artsiz, from Vitebsk to Fergana with a holiday.
  10. Vladimir Mashkov
    Vladimir Mashkov 1 June 2021 15: 44
    0
    Happy Holidays to ALL BTA servicemen (both active and in reserve)! Once upon a time, I wanted to become a pilot of the BTA myself and enter the Balashov School. But - not destiny: there were scars on the left eardrum and the ENT crushed.
  11. sifgame
    sifgame 1 June 2021 19: 58
    0
    VTAshnikov Happy Holidays!
  12. Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 1 June 2021 20: 07
    0
    The holiday is overshadowed by the prevalence of stale meat in the VTA materiel.
    The recent flight of the Il-112V is just a breath of clean air.
    Well done Ilyushin people. One word, firm I hope that Yermak will soon be put on the wing.
    And we wish the kaklyatsky aviation industry to bend completely.