Over the city - Mamaev Kurgan. Motherland stands on Mamayev Kurgan. She raises her sword, urging people to fight the German aggressor. In the city of Magnitogorsk, there is a monument, where a worker gives a soldier a sword forged in the Urals. It was to the Urals that Lavrenty Beria evacuated the factories and plants, it was there that our sword was forged. And in Treptow Park, in the city of Berlin, stands the Soviet soldier-liberator. He holds a rescued German girl with his left hand, a lowered sword in his right. That is, the sword, forged in the Urals and raised on the Volga, was lowered in Berlin, where the Soviet troops beat the Nazi reptile completely.
When the battle for Stalingrad was going on, there was no living place on the mound. From the bank of the Volga to the bank, everything is in full view. Our troops clung to the shore, the Germans were sitting on the mound and German artillery was standing. Looking down from the hill - it is impossible to understand how it was possible to keep there at all, much less to move up the slope. The whole mound is a huge mass grave, where tens of thousands of our ancestors lie. Today, people walk on the mound.
On the slope are the memorial plates that marked the heroes of the defense of Stalingrad. There is also a stove dedicated to the legendary sniper Vasily Zaitsev. Vasya Zaitsev served in the Pacific navy Head of the financial department. The war has begun. As it should be a normal Russian peasant, Vasily wrote a report asking him to send him to the front. The fifth report worked and Vasily was sent to Stalingrad. There, the head of the financial unit immediately began to kill the Germans and showed himself to be an excellent shooter. When Vasya threw 32 Germans out of a simple three-line, the command issued a three-line with a sniper scope to yesterday’s sailor. During the battles for Stalingrad, Vasily Zaitsev destroyed more than 300 German soldiers and officers, including 11 snipers. And his comrades in the sniper movement, organized by him, flunked a total of six thousand Germans.
The stump is clear, the Nazi leadership was worried about such a deal. The command of the Wehrmacht sent the head of the sniper school to Stalingrad, giving him the strictest order to destroy Vasya Zaitsev. By the way, the sniper school was located in the town of Zossen, I studied there at school, at a Soviet military base. Vasya received a similar order - without delay to destroy the fascist reptile. In general, on the one hand - a civilized European, a whole Standarführer, on the other - a totalitarian scoop from a Soviet village. In less than three days, Vasya Standarfenführer tracked down and shot him as a fool. So our totalitarian ancestors fought for their land.
Vasily Zaitsev wrote a book of memoirs called Over the Volga there was no land for us. Not so long ago, "based on" this book in the west shot the film "The Enemy at the Gates." The name is a biblical quotation "the enemy is at the gate," but what do you get from the dubbing masters? Naturally, the film was shot by a liberal intellectual, who had no idea about the army, the war, or the Soviet people. Accordingly, he did not shoot about our soldiers, but about his sick fantasies. The result was a film about stupid Russian bastards who can neither live nor fight. But nothing, soon the next masterpiece will please us Fedor Bondarchuk, to whom the state has already given money for the shooting of the film "Stalingrad". Of course, in 3D. This one will not fail.
The memorial complex Mamaev Kurgan is majestic and extremely severe. Everything was done without a fancy, from gray concrete. Our country is poor, we live poorly. But it is the gray concrete that most correctly reflects the essence of the people in kirszas and jerseys who defeated the best army in Europe. This is where you need to collect children. But the current government for this is Seliger.
Of course, on the mound eternal flame burns. It is gratifying that there is still a guard of honor beside him.
Closer to the Volga is the legendary house of Pavlov. In memory, for some reason he was preserved as the house of Lieutenant Pavlov, but in fact Pavlov was not a lieutenant.
In 1942, a group of our fighters under the command of Lieutenant Afanasyev kept the defense in this house. Sergeant Pavlov grabbed the house, then the others pulled up - 24 fighter of nine nationalities, dragged weapons and ammunition. Machine guns at the fighters, machine guns in the basement, anti-tank guns, sniper, mortars. Both our and the Germans dug trenches between the houses, for it was possible to move only along them. The house is very well, butt to the enemy. It is extremely inconvenient to advance from the butt, but on the contrary, it is good to defend.
It is not entirely clear how a sergeant could command the defense of a live lieutenant. But this does not change the essence of the matter - we have both sergeants and privates manifested themselves properly. An important point of defense was organized in the house and held from September 23 to November 25. German assault groups repeatedly tried to knock our fighters out of the house and even captured the first floor, but they could neither rise nor take the whole house. Tellingly, until the very beginning of our counterattack in the basement of the house were civilians. They provided the soldiers medical care.
Jacob Pavlov for the defense of the house received a star of the Hero of the Soviet Union. In perestroika, the liberal scum "discovered the truth" - it turns out that not only Pavlov defended the house. It turns out that everyone else also had to be given a hero. From the point of view of liberal nits, people fight for rewards. After all, you can not fight for anything - well, for example, for the Motherland. In short, the standard moves of morons, which service never carried. Yakov Pavlov himself wrote a book In Stalingrad, you can read. The main he was there, not the main one - there is no longer any difference. Stalingrad was not handed over to the Germans, the house stood like a fortress.
Of course, according to the good Russian tradition, our losses were not calculated. Of course, not counted, and the number of Germans killed. However, Marshal Chuikov noted that the losses of the Germans from the continuous assaults of Pavlov’s house exceeded the losses of the Germans during the attack on Paris. It is no longer possible to take account, however, the balance of forces when an attack occurs in a city, usually 7 to 1. That is, in order to destroy one defender, it is necessary to use (and, possibly, lose) seven. And the feat of defending Pavlov’s house in the Soviet consciousness was equal to the feat of the defenders of the Brest Fortress.
When, as a schoolboy, I came to Volgograd for the first time, I was very surprised that Pavlov’s house was rebuilt and people live in it. The schoolboy was completely incomprehensible why they built such a famous house and why people live in such a memorable place. To an adult it is clear that they have rebuilt the whole city anew, and Pavlov’s house was no exception at all. Everything that the Germans destroyed in Stalingrad should have been restored. And it was restored. And the house with the ends provided with two memorial walls.
Across the street from Pavlov’s house is the Museum of the Battle of Stalingrad. Built by the Soviet authorities, seriously decayed, but still holds.
Despite Khrushchev's careful removal of any mention of Stalin, a number of buildings are still equipped with quotations of the leader. By the way, in Berlin's Treptow Park, the picture is similar, only the quotes are much larger.
There is a small exposition of various military equipment on the side of the panorama building. Soviet military equipment - simple and rough, no mega-design, no charm. Nevertheless, it was precisely such units developed by totalitarian specialists that the combined forces of Europe smashed into the trash and razed half of Berlin to the ground.
Inside the museum - an extensive exhibition. The exposition is old, Soviet. It does not look very modern, but, nevertheless, it shows quite well what the Battle of Stalingrad was and how serious the enemy was.
The panorama itself is located above the museum and represents a composition from a ring painting canvas and a subject foreground, such as real logs. Previously, the panoramas were in high esteem, built in many glorious places, as a rule - battle ones. In this area of the panorama of the Battle of Stalingrad, we see columns of Germans who surrendered.
A lot of photos are exhibited in the museum exposition. Photos made the greatest impression: completely simple faces of the workers and peasants. What has all - and the high command, and ordinary soldiers. It was these people who survived the monstrous battles, it was they who raised the country from the ruins. Today's Russian intelligentsia calls them cattle and genetic trash.
There are exotic exhibits, such as the sword donated by the English King George to the inhabitants of Stalingrad. An explanation is attached to the sword: to citizens of Stalingrad, strong as steel, from King of Great Britain George VI, as a sign of deep admiration of the British people.
Well, the most striking - portraits of the military command. It turns out that we still had the supreme commander.
- Dmitry Puchkov
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