Military Review

British Steel Monsters: Inside Look

The Conqueror heavy tank was in service from 1955 to 1966. It was created as a response to the Soviet IS-3. At that time, the British government perceived the USSR as a threat and believed that combat vehicles with 120 mm guns would provide reliable protection in the event of an attack.

The Conqueror weighs about 65 tons, and the frontal armor of the hull and turret is 130 and 150 mm, respectively. This is the heaviest tank in stories British tank building, which was operated by crews of 4 people.
At the front of the vehicle are two large headlights, a number plate and a tow hook. Several periscopes are visible to the right of the tower - this is where the driver's seat is located. Above you can see a very simple cannon with a large ejector in the middle of the barrel. The gun mantlet is quite massive, and its thickness is about 200 mm.

And although there is nothing superfluous in the 18-ton tower, it is very functional. One of the design finds was a large combo that can be rotated. On both sides of it there are two hatches, and on the sides of the tower there are multi-barreled launchers for shooting smoke grenades.

Screenshot from the game World of Tanks

The tank is powered by a Rolls-Royce Meteor 12-cylinder carburetor engine with an injection system. The fuel filler caps are located to the left and right of the engine.

Chassis tank built on the basis of Horstmann suspension. Eight boiling steel rollers are installed on each side, combined in pairs. They are quite reliable, but very noisy.
What else is remarkable about the car and what is inside the famous "Conqueror", see the video from Wargaming.

The Chieftain was one of the first main battle tanks in Great Britain, in service with the United Kingdom army in the 60s and 70s of the XX century. The vehicle weighs 55 tons and develops a speed of about 48 km / h. In front there is a mechanical drive hatch and a viewing periscope, thanks to which the tank can be driven with both open and closed hatches. Headlights (including infrared) and side lights are also installed there.

In the middle of the tower there is a loader hatch and a commander hatch. Around it there are periscopes equipped with a system of washers and wipers, a commander's universal machine gun, the gunner's main sight and a box for property that can hold a box of 200 rounds. An infrared sight under an armored visor and a rotating observation device are installed next to the loader's position. The rear of the tower contains a compartment for filters providing chemical protection, a generator access casing, and batteries that power the tower. It should be noted that the tank has a lot of storage compartments.

The main armament of the Chieftain is a 120 mm rifled gun in a heat-shielding casing and a course machine gun. In addition, to the left and right of the tower, there are multi-barreled installations for launching smoke grenades.
The chassis of the tank is represented by 6 rollers on each side. Another 3 carrier rollers are located under the tracks, which in turn are hidden behind screens. There is an idler roller at the front and the drive wheel at the back.
Towards the rear of the vehicle can be seen tow cables, brake lights, reflectors, a storage compartment for a first aid kit, storage boxes, exhaust pipes and two tow hooks. There is also a tank telephone on which the infantry, being behind the vehicle, could talk to the crew.

For even more design features and the internal structure of the Chieftain, watch the video from Wargaming.

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  1. mvg
    mvg 25 May 2021 05: 23
    I suggest just right away, at the beginning of the article, to give a link to YouTube ... those couple of words that are in the article are clearly superfluous. Now in the morning I think, why this opus?
    1. yehat2
      yehat2 25 May 2021 16: 42
      meaningless and merciless advertising.
  2. Evil troll
    Evil troll 25 May 2021 09: 42
    "Above you can see a very simple cannon with a large ejector in the middle of the barrel." I wonder what tools are of complex shape.
    1. yehat2
      yehat2 25 May 2021 16: 43
      Quote: Angry Troll
      I wonder what tools are of complex shape.

      Well, for example, in the St. Petersburg Artillery Museum there are guns that shoot discs or other exotic things.
  3. seacap
    seacap 25 May 2021 11: 01
    The publication of another wargamer, a couch super-expert of cartoons. The site seems to be positioned as a serious military-political one. For this shellon, there is YouTube and various platforms of the game world, let them be sophisticated in front of each other who are thicker and longer. Only they are afraid to climb there, all the degradation and wretchedness of the VG emerges there.
    1. Gado
      Gado 26 May 2021 00: 29
      As I saw the photo, I thought about the same thing. We are already being introduced to the "drop dead" tanks from the "WoT" screenshots. Lived!
    2. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 26 May 2021 17: 55
      Actually, wargaming has wiped all possible archives in 11 years. Even the developments of all tank schools are collected all over the world. They work with everyone who has at least some kind of equipment. They finance all kinds of festivals around the world on this topic. Financing the restoration of museums. Nobody did as much as they did about the armored vehicles of the past.
  4. vindigo
    vindigo 25 May 2021 20: 04
    Boiling steel? Explain the metallurgists.
    1. seacap
      seacap 26 May 2021 10: 56
      Slag foam in the open-hearth, as I understand it, nothing else "bubbles" there?
    2. paul3390
      paul3390 26 May 2021 13: 50
      Boiling steel is a type of low-carbon steel, the melt of which leaves metallurgical furnaces in a slightly deoxidized state. As a consequence, during the solidification of such steel in the molds, the oxidation of the carbon contained in it with dissolved oxygen continues. Outwardly, it looks like a boiling process with the release of bubbles of carbon monoxide CO.
      1. vindigo
        vindigo 26 May 2021 14: 50
        do they make rollers for tanks out of it?
        1. paul3390
          paul3390 26 May 2021 15: 19
          The mechanical properties of boiling steel are usually inferior to those of calm and semi-calm steel, but the cost of producing boiling steel is much lower. As a result, it is not used for the production of critical products [1] [2]. However, boiling steel contains practically no non-metallic inclusions and has good ductility.
      2. seacap
        seacap 26 May 2021 18: 46
        Thanks for the clarification, I am not a metallurgist, an engineer for the operation of radio equipment. therefore I have, to put it mildly, a very general understanding of the process. I only know that I had rubberized duralumin rollers at the 123/124th facility, as well as on the bmd.