Military Review

China on the road to world domination: the "dark fleet"

60

Photo: mil.cnr.cn


"Due to the interconnected nature of the global economy, countries can cause serious harm to the economies of other countries without taking any offensive action ..."

- Colonels of the PLA Qiao Liang and Wang Xiongsui. Treatise on strategy and operational art "Unlimited War".

China to this day remains a mystery not only for Russia, but for the whole world. Despite the aggressive political rhetoric ("Wolf Warrior Diplomacy: China and Its Foreign Policy"), The People's Republic of China avoids publicity for its military actions.

Beijing is inclined to conduct extremely secretive and, perhaps, even insidious operations, which, for all their effectiveness, sometimes do not have any evidence of the involvement of the Chinese government, and, accordingly, have no consequences at the state level.

China is one of the founders of the modern doctrine of military-civil merger. According to the fabrications of Chinese macro-strategists and analysts, the "kinetic" war, that is, the classical military confrontation between the powers, no longer exists - there is only an intellectual war, which is actively waged, including by "hybrid" methods.

The real competition of interstate systems is now conducted in the environment of analysis and processing of information, the speed and efficiency of decision-making, the "overload" of the enemy's capabilities with asymmetric methods of warfare.

And, probably, the PRC knows about this much more than its global opponents.

One of the clearest examples of the implementation of the Chinese strategy of hybrid wars is the so-called "Chinese dark fleet" - a little-studied product of a military-civilian merger, which allows Beijing to effectively and aggressively advance its interests without engaging in direct hostilities at sea.

Hybrid civilian naval forces


As we discussed earlier in the article "Small fleet and big politics", the huge navy of the PRC, despite all its power and size, cannot be used to implement the forceful methods of Chinese influence in the region. Its main current tasks are to contain and maintain a constant military threat, which deliberately inflames already difficult relations with all neighbors.

However, for obvious reasons, the Chinese navy cannot be openly used to solve the immediate political tasks facing the country. And, accordingly, the Communist Party needed a different instrument ...

"The best way to achieve victory is not to fight, but to control."

- Colonels of the PLA Qiao Liang and Wang Xiongsui. Treatise on strategy and operational art "Unlimited War".

Involvement of civil fleet for military purposes is not a new practice. For decades, analysts and experts in naval warfare have pondered various aspects of this issue - from the conversion of merchant ships into auxiliary helicopter carriers to the idea of ​​reviving raider ships with anti-ship missile weapons.

China, however, took a completely different, original path.

For obvious reasons, the use of the Chinese merchant fleet for the purposes of "hybrid" warfare as a means of terror was impractical and even dangerous. The PRC is extremely dependent on sea trade and foreign economic relations. Accordingly, such a step would give Beijing's opponents a legal reason to strike at a strategically important resource for the country, which no one could allow.

A way out was found - it was the gigantic size of the Chinese fishing fleet.

It's worth starting, perhaps, with dry statistics data:

1. China has been the world's leading fish producer for many years. For example, in 2015, China (mainland only) produced 65,2 million tons of edible fish, of which 47,6 million tons (73%) came from aquaculture and 17,6 million tons (27%) from catch.

2. In the PRC, there are about 370 non-motorized fishing vessels and another 000 motorized. And although in 672 China implemented a plan to reduce the fishing fleet, it was subsequently abandoned. The exact size of the fleet is currently unknown, but all signs indicate that it is regularly increasing significantly.

3. Fisheries in the People's Republic of China provide jobs for over 16 million people in all sectors of the economy. More than half of the employees were employed full-time. This is an extremely important factor that ensures the mobilization potential of the "dark fleet".

The fight for control of the South China Sea, which routes 25% of the world's trade traffic and trades $ 5 trillion, cannot be fought with the direct use of military forces. This requires from China, which claims 90% of the sea area, non-standard solutions.

The solution was large-scale military training and subsidies for fishing fleet cooperatives.

Using fleets of fishermen as a tool for "hybrid warfare" is not in any way unique or innovative for Chinese strategists. In the not so distant past, the People's Republic of China actively used the "people's maritime militia" to seize disputed territories: for example, in 1974, when the Chinese army tried to seize part of the islands of the Republic of Vietnam, "volunteers" were also used who landed on the islands of Robert, Mani, Duncan and Drumont, who played an important role in the occupation of the Western Paracel Islands.

China on the road to world domination: the "dark fleet"

However, then the actions of the "fishing people's militia" in the initial phase of taking control of the Paracel Islands gradually led to a direct armed confrontation between the naval forces of Vietnam and the PRC.

In 2012, China began actively abandoning its former plans to reduce its fishing fleet, and since 2013, more than 50 Chinese fishing vessels (more than 000% of the total fishing fleet) have been equipped with Beidou special navigation systems. The purpose of this equipment is that it allows you to coordinate the actions of fishermen, and, accordingly, to centrally control their fleets.

Beidou were installed without fail, and users (fleet cooperatives) were required to pay only 10% of their cost.

The "naval militia" is used to perform strategically important tasks: designating territorial claims in the region, conducting reconnaissance activities, making it difficult for the enemy to access disputed territories. Since, as mentioned above, boats are equipped with satellite navigation, they can be involved in the organized conduct of rescue and other types of operations, including the collection of data on the presence of foreign vessels in fishing areas.

Analysts concluded that the fishermen used as China's "third naval force" are acting in coordination with the navy and coast guard. It is they who are directly involved in the preparation and organization of "hybrid" operations.

The backbone of the military cadres of the "dark fleet" are numerous retirees of the PLA: over the past decade, the Chinese armed forces have been significantly reduced, and the freed personnel have been used to replenish non-standard and non-traditional paramilitary structures.

The most combat-ready units of the "naval militia" even have weapons: small-caliber anti-aircraft artillery, portable anti-aircraft missile systems and sea mines.


US Navy and Coast Guard personnel board a Chinese fishing trawler during Operation Oceania Maritime Security Initiative. Photo taken by US Navy Junior Officer Brian Jackson

The naval militia is also called upon to provide logistical support to Chinese warships. For example, fishing vessels were used to transport construction materials needed to build artificial islands in the South China Sea (they have transported at least 1990 million tons of cargo since the 2,65s).

The islands, in turn, are an extremely important asset of the PRC's naval forces. Only in the months of this year, two air defense batteries were deployed on them, as well as a radar station. They, in turn, allow you to control the airspace in the center of the South China Sea. Among other things, a runway was built, capable of receiving on one of the artificial islands, including heavy military transport aircraft.

"Dark Fleet" Guarding China's Interests


Most of the time, the "maritime militia" provides assistance in search and rescue operations and provides additional protection for critical infrastructure: ports and oil rigs. Standing apart are special missions to assert China's territorial claims, as well as the pursuit and terror of foreign civilian and state ships (including military).

So, in 2009, the naval militia surrounded the USNS research vessel "Impeccable", which was operating near the territorial waters of the PRC. Chinese fishermen, with the support of the PLA frigate, actively maneuvered near the ship and tried to cut off its towed group of sonars.

A year later, China used a similar strategy against Japan in the territorial conflict over the Senkaku Islands. On September 8, 2010, a Chinese fishing vessel rammed two Japanese Coast Guard ships.

In 2012, Chinese fishing vessels, in coordination with the Coast Guard, became Beijing's vanguard in the fight for the Scarborough Bank, a tiny island in the South China Sea. The naval militias occupied the island and declared it part of the territory of China. On this история did not end - in the following years they actively attacked the Filipino fishermen who fished on the Scarborough shoals for decades.

In May 2014, dark fleet vessels supported the installation of China's massive Haiyang Shiyou-981 oil rig south of Triton Island. This area has long been considered the exclusive economic zone of Vietnam (EEZ), and a confrontation broke out for control over it, in which more than a hundred ships from both sides participated. China's Fugang Fisheries has deployed a militia of 29 trawlers to protect the oil rig in support of the Guangzhou Military Region and Hainan Military Region. For more than two months, the "naval militia" of fishing vessels held a perimeter defense around the oil rig. Fishermen aggressively attacked Vietnamese vessels trying to enforce their EEZ boundaries and sank three of them.

In March 2016, a huge fleet of 100 Chinese fishing vessels invaded the Malaysian Laconia Shoal off the coast of Sarawak, disrupting Malaysia's exclusive economic zone. These ships did not have national flags and other identification marks, but were accompanied by two ships of the PRC coast guard.


Photo: Contexto

In 2019, the Philippine army collided with an armada of 275 ships in the Sandy Cay area off Titu Island. Militia fishing trawlers entered the country's territorial waters and clashed with the Philippine military, which were forced to use a landing craft and marines to drive out intruders.

Such a strategy has become an absolute norm for China, and the "dark fleet" is even used to put pressure on countries allied to Beijing, such as North Korea (by the way, in 2020 alone, the Chinese have violated the border of the DPRK terrorist forces more than 3000 times - sometimes they are used to expel them. weapon).

China is actively seeking to adapt to the changed conditions of warfare, transferring it to the category of unlimited confrontation.

China believes that the "naval militia" can serve as a rather flexible tool for establishing its hegemony in the region. In Beijing's vision, such a strategy effectively avoids international sanctions, but at the same time is capable of fully satisfying the country's interests.

This is "hybrid" warfare - the use of asymmetric methods aimed at disrupting enemy actions without open hostilities.
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 25 May 2021 18: 25
    +10
    No wonder ... felt their strength, try to go / apply it outside.
    1. Machito
      Machito 25 May 2021 18: 33
      +13
      In the Russian Empire, there were Dobroflot cargo and passenger ships in wartime, turning into auxiliary cruisers. During the Great Patriotic War, Russia armed trawlers and used them as minesweepers.
      1. Anzhey V.
        25 May 2021 18: 41
        +13
        Your reference is understandable, comrade Borodach, although not entirely accurate)

        The Chinese are precisely what purposefully contain several million people as a paramilitary structure to carry out "hybrid" operations.

        This is not just an ersatz measure, but a well-formed strategy of force pressure, to which a full-fledged answer cannot be given - after all, formally, these are volunteers who, for reasons of conscience, sink other people's ships, and you cannot open fire on them)
        1. Machito
          Machito 25 May 2021 18: 54
          +4
          Accepted. We have a sadness with the civilian fleet.
          1. sergo1914
            sergo1914 25 May 2021 21: 59
            +2
            Quote: Bearded
            Accepted. We have a sadness with the civilian fleet.


            Come on. On the channel to them. Moscow to the Volga is full of yacht clubs and marinas. Everything is normal there with the civilian fleet.
            1. Machito
              Machito 25 May 2021 22: 01
              +5
              These yachts are more like boats. No cargo, no people to transport, no fish to catch. Only professional students on the canal ride to the Admiral Club on the Klyazma.
              1. Shurik70
                Shurik70 25 May 2021 23: 46
                +1
                Quote: Bearded
                In the Russian Empire, there were Dobroflot cargo and passenger ships in wartime, turning into auxiliary cruisers. During the Great Patriotic War, Russia armed trawlers and used them as minesweepers.

                So then in the war.
                And here it is in PEACE TIME.
                So this is an extremely dangerous initiative.
        2. ccsr
          ccsr 25 May 2021 18: 56
          +3
          Quote: Anjay V.
          This is not just an ersatz measure, but a well-formed strategy of force pressure, to which a full-fledged answer cannot be given - after all, formally, these are volunteers who, for reasons of conscience, sink other people's ships, and you cannot open fire on them)

          Who told you that these "volunteers" cannot be drowned in foreign territorial waters, all the more so if they harm the other side?
          Vietnam in the seventies gave an excellent answer to Beijing's claims - since then, the Chinese have no longer pounced on them. And in general, based on the history of the twentieth century, the Chinese army, not to mention the volunteers, won not a single war, not a single major battle. But for us they will always be a strategic enemy - no one denies that.
          Quote: Anjay V.
          The Chinese are precisely what purposefully contain several million people as a paramilitary structure to carry out "hybrid" operations.

          Can you argue that these people are paid by the PLA, or is this just your guess? By the way, so that you don't have any illusions at all, let me remind you that up to the collapse of the USSR, the entire civilian fleet of the country had a mobilization order for both ships and personnel, and for them weapons, PMPC equipment, military naval property were specially stored in warehouses. etc.
          So the Chinese are copying our experience, but I don't think that these formations pose any danger to us.
          1. Anzhey V.
            25 May 2021 20: 08
            +7
            Can you argue that these people are paid by the PLA, or is this just your assumption?


            According to the data of long-term monitoring of the activities of Chinese fishing cooperatives, analysts have concluded that at least 20000 vessels of the Chinese fishing fleet are not used for their intended purpose. It is unlikely that their crews feed on the holy spirit, and the ships work on the water - someone provides and pays for their activities.

            And what does the PLA have to do with it? Beijing is trying to hide as much as possible the facts of state financing of the "dark fleet", there is no direct connection between them.

            So the Chinese are copying our experience, but I don't think that these formations pose any danger to us.


            Wrong conclusion. The Chinese use their own techniques.

            And how is our country sideways?

            Vietnam in the seventies gave an excellent answer to Beijing's claims - since then, the Chinese have no longer pounced on them.


            In May 2014, dark fleet vessels supported the installation of China's massive Haiyang Shiyou-981 oil rig south of Triton Island. This area has long been considered the exclusive economic zone of Vietnam (EEZ), and a confrontation broke out for control over it, in which more than a hundred ships from both sides participated. China's Fugang Fisheries has deployed a militia of 29 trawlers to protect the oil rig in support of the Guangzhou Military Region and Hainan Military Region. For more than two months, the "naval militia" of fishing vessels held a perimeter defense around the oil rig. Fishermen aggressively attacked Vietnamese vessels trying to enforce their EEZ boundaries and sank three of them.

            Yes, do not fuss, really.
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 25 May 2021 20: 56
              -3
              Quote: Anjay V.
              According to the data of long-term monitoring of the activities of Chinese fishing cooperatives, analysts have concluded that at least 20000 vessels of the Chinese fishing fleet are not used for their intended purpose.

              Who monitored? Aren't they the ones who made Bashirov and Petrov agents 007 and 008?
              Quote: Anjay V.
              And what does the PLA have to do with it?

              Budgeting and planning for joint operations - this should be in their department. If there is no such data, then everything else can be perceived as Soviet military state farms, about which you probably do not know or have not heard.
              Quote: Anjay V.
              Wrong conclusion. The Chinese use their own techniques.

              What are these techniques that we do not know about? The events of the Sino-Vietnamese war in the seventies showed that Soviet methods were at their best, and the Chinese troops were defeated.
              Quote: Anjay V.
              And how is our country sideways?

              The whole world is learning with us, and even the Americans did not hesitate to use our experience, in particular the theoretical works of General Dragomirov, when forming their army.
            2. Knell wardenheart
              Knell wardenheart 25 May 2021 23: 43
              +1
              In all this Sino-Vietnamese history, as well as in general in any international turmoil of the last ten years, it is strange to me that the Vietnamese side did not begin to rattle pans at the UN about a gross violation of some kind of exclusive economic rights. Or, moreover, according to the logic of China's confrontation with the West, they could have received some support.
              1. Anzhey V.
                26 May 2021 08: 42
                +5
                It’s strange for me that the Vietnamese side didn’t rattle pans at the UN about a gross violation of some kind of exclusive economic rights. Could


                There is one problem here ... both Vietnam and its neighbors are very tightly on the needle of Chinese investments.

                Therefore, Beijing gets away with a lot.
            3. Alex777
              Alex777 26 May 2021 20: 01
              -1
              I have a question for you. funny...
              The PRC is a champion in the construction of surface ships.
              Russia is actively developing its submarine fleet.
              The combined fleet will wash everyone.
              Accidental "division of labor"? wink
              1. onstar9
                onstar9 28 May 2021 04: 57
                0
                Quote: Alex777
                I have a question for you. funny...
                The PRC is a champion in the construction of surface ships.
                Russia is actively developing its submarine fleet.
                The combined fleet will wash everyone.
                Accidental "division of labor"?

                How do you want to "fuck" someone "together" with China ... Still, they say all around that doing something "with China" will not work ... You can only "under China." In another way, he will not give anything, especially now .. Or you don’t care "under whom to lie", if only to annoy America ...
          2. dauria
            dauria 25 May 2021 22: 35
            +6
            the Chinese army, not to mention the volunteers, won not a single war, not a single major battle.


            You are wrong. They actually won the Korean War of 50-53. Moreover, at a time when the position of Kim Il Sung was like that of Hitler in the 45th. They piled on the Americans, the UN and the South Caucasus. They fought both on earth and in the sky. We lost only 120 thousand people killed. Mao's son died there. All the Jewish-Arab wars, Iranian-Iraqi and Afghani compared to this scuffle on the dance floor. Here's a forgotten story.
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 26 May 2021 17: 56
              0
              Quote: dauria
              You are wrong. They actually won the Korean War of 50-53.

              Yes, the Chinese, with their numbers, waged a war so that if it had not been for the intervention of our troops at the end of 1950, North Korea would not have existed at all:
              September 5 - Seoul is captured by UN forces. October 2, 1950 - PRC Prime Minister Zhou Enlai warned that if the UN troops (with the exception of South Korean ones) cross the 38th parallel, then the Chinese volunteers will enter the war on the side of North Korea. October 7, 1950 - American and British units began to advance to the north of the peninsula.

              October 16, 1950 - The first Chinese units ("volunteers") entered the peninsula. In total, 700-800 thousand Chinese "volunteers" fought on the side of North Korea. October 20, 1950 - Pyongyang fell under the blows of UN troops. As a result of the offensive by South Korean and UN troops, the North Koreans and Chinese were left with only a small foothold near the border with the PRC..

              Moreover, it was the entry into battle of our aviation that saved the North Koreans from defeat:
              December 17, 1950 - the first clash of Soviet and American combat aircraft took place: MIG-15 and Saber F-86. January 4, 1951 - the troops of the DPRK and PRC captured Seoul. In general, the participation of the USSR was relatively small (relative to China and the United States). Up to 26 thousand Soviet military specialists fought on the side of Pyongyang.

              https://topwar.ru/15718-zabytaya-voyna-1950-1953-godov.html
              1. gsev
                gsev 26 May 2021 22: 36
                0
                Quote: ccsr
                Moreover, it was the entry into battle of our aviation that saved the North Koreans from defeat:

                The aviation of the USSR (the united air corps) defended only the territory of Manchuria, its airfields, the hydroelectric station on the river and the crossings through Yalutsan. Only by the end of the war was it possible to build airfields from which MIG-15 fighters could fly to cover the front zone.
                1. ccsr
                  ccsr 27 May 2021 12: 12
                  0
                  Quote: gsev
                  Only by the end of the war was it possible to build airfields from which MIG-15 fighters could fly to cover the front zone.

                  I don't know why you are spreading disinformation, but VO has a detailed overview of the events of that war:
                  "Black Tuesday" for the American strategic aviation was the day of October 30, 1951, when the flying fortresses that took off to bomb the Korean airfield in Namsi suffered very heavy losses, and the raid ended in nothing. This defeat marked the complete collapse of the use of strategic aviation in the daytime. After this battle, the United States was forced to reconsider its views on the use of B-29 bombers in Korea.
                  On the American side, about 200 cover fighters of various types and 21 B-29 bombers took part in the raid. They were opposed by 56 MiG-15 fighters, which were located at the Miaogou and Antong airfields. Directly in the air battle, 44 aircraft took part, while another 12 were left in reserve to cover airfields in case the enemy broke through to them.

                  https://topwar.ru/14419-chernyy-vtornik-dlya-vvs-ssha-voyna-v-koree-1951-god.html
            2. onstar9
              onstar9 28 May 2021 05: 00
              -1
              Quote: dauria
              You are wrong. They actually won the Korean War of 50-53. Moreover, at a time when the position of Kim Il Sung was like that of Hitler in the 45th. They piled on the Americans, the UN and the South Caucasus. They fought both on earth and in the sky. We lost only 120 thousand people killed. Mao's son died there. All the Jewish-Arab wars, Iranian-Iraqi and Afghani compared to this scuffle on the dance floor. Here's a forgotten story.

              Do not tell tales, comrade, that "the Chinese piled on the Americans in Korea" ... You also say that during the Vietnam War, the Vietnamese "piled on the Americans" ... How can you not respect the USSR, the greatest military power behind all these victories. Or did you think that the Chinese with their straw hats or the Vietnamese with bows and arrows won these victories? History should be known and appreciated, and not turned into zero.
        3. Pavel Vladimirov
          Pavel Vladimirov 25 May 2021 19: 10
          0
          then they will also climb up to us, under the guise of mushroom pickers, and not one or two, but 20 million)
          1. Uncle lee
            Uncle lee 26 May 2021 04: 10
            +1
            Quote: Pavel Vladimirov
            million so 20

            Such a peaceful locust! Dust will not be enough to corrode them! am
            1. Alex777
              Alex777 26 May 2021 20: 03
              0
              All "decision-making centers" have been issued a warning. hi
        4. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 25 May 2021 19: 20
          +5
          Quote: Anjay V.
          This is not just an ersatz measure, but a well-formed strategy of force pressure, to which a full-fledged answer cannot be given - after all, formally these are volunteers

          He worked together with Chinese courts in Mauritania, I had to see something. The organization is well organized. Even the bases, if you can call it that, were under the cover of shops and cafes concentrated in one place on the outskirts of the port city. I saw one of these in Luanda, we were regulars in the cafe.
        5. rocket757
          rocket757 25 May 2021 20: 15
          +2
          I remembered there were jokes !!! About a peaceful Soviet tractor and a rubber bomb!
          Any joke has ... and meaning.
          1. Alex777
            Alex777 26 May 2021 20: 04
            0
            About ... a rubber bomb!

            Everyone is still laughing. wink
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 26 May 2021 21: 02
              +1
              The word is not a sparrow, released into the world, now it will ... jump, jump, jump!
        6. Runway
          Runway 26 May 2021 02: 55
          0
          You can drown the locusts. The use of yellow populations in border areas is not new. Including in the sea / river and contested areas (the Persians also sinned the same). Their "dnd" is a herd between two fires. Consumable. But to a certain extent effective (until the blood was allowed, because there is only one skin).
          The question is an adequate tough answer in a specific situation. Our EEZ is fouled by yellows of three colors. We are partnering three snot ....
        7. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 26 May 2021 03: 42
          0
          So, in 2009, the naval militia surrounded the USNS research vessel "Impeccable", which was operating near the territorial waters of the PRC.
          Research, yes, the sex life of tiger shrimp was investigated, but the Chinese broke the vows! laughing
        8. Dmitry V.
          Dmitry V. 26 May 2021 09: 25
          +2
          Quote: Anjay V.
          purposefully contain several million people as a paramilitary structure to carry out "hybrid" operations


          the author did not mention that the article uses a famous report
          “The government of Hainan Province, located on the coast of the South China Sea, ordered the construction of 84 large fishing vessels with reinforced hulls and ammunition depots that the Tianmen Maritime Militia received by the end of 2016, along with extensive subsidies to encourage frequent operations in the Spratly Islands. ... This PAFMM division is the most professional in China. Its personnel are paid, regardless of any clear fishing commitments, and are staffed from ... military veterans, ”the Pentagon experts noted in their report.

          http://mixednews.ru/archives/138180 Перевод Игорь АбрамовPosted on12.09.2018
          1. Anzhey V.
            26 May 2021 09: 32
            +1
            I have not read this report, thanks for throwing it off)
            1. Dmitry V.
              Dmitry V. 26 May 2021 09: 33
              +3
              Quote: Anjay V.
              I have not read this report, thanks for throwing it off)


              There are excerpts from the report - just about the "paid" militia units.
              Fishermen on a salary :)

              It is very convenient - and the retirees are attached and can participate in special operations "like peaceful fishermen"
              1. Anzhey V.
                26 May 2021 09: 44
                +3
                It is very convenient - and the retirees are attached and can participate in special operations "like peaceful fishermen"


                I agree, the scheme is very convenient and competent)

                In addition, it is very difficult to put forward any diplomatic claims - Beijing immediately denies it, he says, guys, this is a private initiative, we have nothing to do with it.
            2. Normal ok
              Normal ok 26 May 2021 10: 51
              +4
              Quote: Anjay V.
              I have not read this report, thanks for throwing it off)

              Thank you for the article. Capaciously, in fact and without emotional coloring.
              1. Anzhey V.
                26 May 2021 11: 01
                +2
                Please, glad you liked it)
    2. Mouse
      Mouse 25 May 2021 18: 37
      +11
      They assured the whole world that like that monkey ...
      sit and wait for the passing corpses of enemies ... nifiga like that ... as they say, quietly ...
      1. Clear
        Clear 25 May 2021 22: 24
        +3
        Quote: Mouse
        They assured the whole world that like that monkey ...
        sit and wait for the passing corpses of enemies ... nifiga like that ... as they say- quiet glanders...

        From this "quiet glanders", some people have a ringing in their ears.
        hi
    3. RealPilot
      RealPilot 26 May 2021 00: 16
      +1
      The article opened my eyes to such an interesting question!
      I have never heard of this, the information is worthy of attention.

      Yes, China feels strong. And applies it flexibly ...
      1. Dmitry V.
        Dmitry V. 26 May 2021 09: 26
        +1
        Quote: RealPilot
        The article opened my eyes to such an interesting question!
        I have never heard of this, the information is worthy of attention.


        Three years ago they wrote about this:
        Translation by Igor Abramov
        https://x-true.info/73897-kitajskie-rybaki-vedut-gibridnuju-vojnu-v-aziatskih-morjah.html
  2. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 25 May 2021 19: 05
    +7
    A way out was found - it was the gigantic size of the Chinese fishing fleet.

    Well, they took over from the USSR. We also have a fishing fleet and other matters, and each ship had its own purpose in wartime, and supplies.
    Yes, and in each office there was a department of the military medical care, headed by the cap. 1 rank. Intelligence gathering was a must. Of course "there was no militia.
  3. Thrifty
    Thrifty 25 May 2021 19: 29
    +1
    In general, the weakness of such a fleet is that it is purely auxiliary, no matter what weapon is on board, it can be the factor for which the ship is at least confiscated, and the crew is simply thrown into jail. Any country with a strong fleet, if necessary, will simply overheat a dozen or so of these "fishermen", and this fact will make the rest of the pseudo-fishermen think that there is only one life, and a family is waiting at home. ..
    1. Anzhey V.
      26 May 2021 08: 45
      +5
      In general, the weakness of such a fleet is that it is purely auxiliary


      Comrade Thrifty, if you did not notice, then no one uses it directly for military operations)

      And the ships were arrested and the crews were thrown into prisons. Only China does not care much about this - there are so many courts and "volunteers" that individual acts of this kind are absolutely painless for Beijing.
  4. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 25 May 2021 19: 38
    0
    * A solution was found - it was the gigantic size of the Chinese fishing fleet. *
    Gentlemen. To hell with China. Burn it in hell.
    We are here when! We came out with the conclusion of a contract for ten seiners! For the Black Sea Fishing Fleet. Can not understand. A year later, we will build middle class seiners, or where ?! repeat
  5. knn54
    knn54 25 May 2021 19: 46
    +6
    The continuation of the idea of ​​Mao Zedong's "people's war" is the defense of China at the expense of numbers, not perfect weapons.
    Now imagine tens / hundreds of high-speed composite "fishing" boats filled with explosives. For example, for a destroyer 1-2 pieces are quite enough. The attack on the American destroyer USS Cole near Yemen in 2000 is an example of this.
    Hybrid warfare at sea is in full swing.
    And there is no opposition, except water cannons, yet.
    PS "Let's be careful not to recklessly call them rabble," US Pacific Fleet Commander Admiral Scott Swift said in a 2017 interview. "Let's be careful not to recklessly call them rabble." and management, and they do not act haphazardly. "
    The most famous unit of the "naval militia" is based on the island of Hainan. “The government of Hainan Province, located on the coast of the South China Sea, ordered the construction of 84 large fishing vessels with reinforced hulls and ammunition depots that the Tianmen Maritime Militia received by the end of 2016, along with extensive subsidies to encourage frequent operations in the Spratly Islands. ... This division is the most professional one in China. Its personnel are paid, regardless of any clear fishing commitments, and are staffed from ... military veterans, ”the Pentagon experts noted in their report.
    The exploits of this Hainan division were widely praised in the Chinese press, and President Xi Jinping personally visited him in 2013, on the first anniversary of his biggest victory: the bloodless capture of the Scarborough Shol area in the Philippines in 2012.
    The article is definitely a plus for both information and relevance.
    1. Anzhey V.
      25 May 2021 19: 55
      +2
      The article is definitely a plus-both for information and for relevance


      Thank you, comrade! And thanks for the informative comment!
    2. Avior
      Avior 25 May 2021 20: 38
      0
      yes, such information is rarely read.
      they wrote something about fishermen from the DPRK.
    3. Dmitry V.
      Dmitry V. 26 May 2021 09: 31
      +1
      Quote: knn54
      imagine tens / hundreds of high-speed composite "fishing" boats filled with explosives. For example, for a destroyer 1-2 pieces are quite enough.


      Destroyer in the road - surprise attack on a fast boat.

      If the fishing ships try to ram, these slow ships have no chance of reaching their target - the wheelhouses are not armored.
  6. Decimalegio
    Decimalegio 25 May 2021 20: 36
    -1
    The classics always teach something. Aeneid II, 49 "Timeo danaos et dona ferentes" "If you prefer the world of Star Trek, rule 48 of the Ferengi acquisition" "The bigger the smile, the sharper the knife" "Both are good for the Chinese
  7. Avior
    Avior 25 May 2021 20: 38
    0
    a fleet of 100 Chinese fishing vessels invaded the Malaysian shoal

    The 2 trawlers in the center of the photo seem to have collided. :)
    1. Clear
      Clear 25 May 2021 22: 25
      +3
      Quote: Avior
      a fleet of 100 Chinese fishing vessels invaded the Malaysian shoal

      The 2 trawlers in the center of the photo seem to have collided. :)

      There, beyond the horizon, hundreds more winked
  8. Intruder
    Intruder 25 May 2021 20: 46
    -1
    special navigation systems "Beidou".
    hmm, support for this navigation system, or rather its software part, is certified on dozens of models of civilian smartphones that are sold around the world and how it can help, for: "that it allows you to coordinate the actions of fishermen, and, accordingly, to centrally manage their fleets." it is a simple satellite navigation receiver, then a simpler magnetic compass, or rather its modern digital implementation in each module of wearable electronics, can also help coordinate the ground forces of the Chinese volunteers and the military !? lol
    Especially straining is the use of sailing fishing schooners with concerns about their unlimited autonomy in the South China Sea wink , well, right, the doomsday weapon carriers:
    There are about 370 non-motorized fishing vessels in the PRC
    1. Petr Vladimirovich
      Petr Vladimirovich 25 May 2021 21: 59
      +1
      Just the translation of the source is clumsy ...
    2. Anzhey V.
      26 May 2021 08: 48
      0
      support for this navigation system, or rather its software part is certified on dozens of models of civilian smartphones


      These are not my personal conclusions. Many sources indicate that the PRC is using the Beidou to control its fleets.

      For what I bought, for what I sold)
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 26 May 2021 08: 55
        -2
        Many sources indicate that the PRC is using the Beidou to control its fleets.
        and how a radio receiver can be controlled by fleets, just wondering ... without feedback, what kind of control system! ????
        1. Anzhey V.
          26 May 2021 09: 00
          0
          and how a radio receiver can be controlled by fleets, just wondering ... without feedback, what kind of control system! ????


          And who said that such primitive sets of equipment were installed there?

          "Beidou" is a global satellite navigation system, and I am sure that the "filling" can be seriously different from what we are used to.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 26 May 2021 09: 26
            -2
            "Beidou" is a global satellite navigation system, and I am sure that the "filling" can be seriously different from what we are used to.
            Tracking stations of this system: equipped with UR240 dual-frequency receivers and UA240 antennas developed by the Chinese company UNICORE and capable of receiving signals from GPS and Compass systems. 7 of them are located in China: in Chengdu (CHDU), Harbin (HRBN), Hong Kong (HKTU), Lhasa (LASA), Shanghai (SHA1), Wuhan (CENT) and Xian (XIAN); and 5 more - in Singapore (SIGP), Australia (PETH), UAE (DHAB), Europe (LEID) and Africa (JOHA), the first version of Beidou-1: the navigator is not only a receiver, but also a signal transmitter. But such a system makes it work only 150 navigators at a time. The monitoring station sends a signal to the user via two satellites. After receiving the signal, the user device sends a response signal via both satellites. Based on the signal delay, the ground station calculates the geographic coordinates of the user, determines the altitude from the available database and transmits the signals to the device of the user segment, and now they already have the second and third versions, so for reference:
            the composition of the orbital constellation of the Beidou space navigation system as of March 10, 2020:
            Total in the composition of the exhaust gas: 48 satellites
            Used for its intended purpose: 43 KA
            Not used for its intended purpose: 5 CA
            43 / we divide by 3 satellites, at least for receiving navigation information, and then we multiply by 150 receivers and this is not enough, at least for:
            370 000 ships
            !? wink
  9. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 25 May 2021 21: 35
    +3
    Well, methods of waging war can be called a stretch, but another means of creating tension is completely. Our neighbor may be worse for us than Uncle Sam, and certainly worse than Europe, with which we have been rubbing everything for a long time. In Asia, they fight differently and think differently, and although their values ​​are similar to ours, this is a deceptive similarity ..
    Unfortunately, the history of our foreign policy and the peculiarities of our foreign trade do not allow us to hope for a competent line in relation to China - in terms of cunning and the ability to make far-reaching and methodical plans, our officials are clearly losing to the managers from the PRC.
    You don't really have to choose the truth - but I would be careful not to consider the Chinese as long-playing or reliable allies with mutually beneficial motivation ..
  10. PetrovMisha2060
    PetrovMisha2060 25 May 2021 23: 29
    +2
    In 2019, the Philippine army collided with an armada of 275 ships in the Sandy Cay area off Titu Island.

    belay

    Statement from Xinhua Agency:
    There is tension at the border, Beijing is sending out infantry to support them, they move to the border in small detachments, 2 million each.


    bully
  11. Usher
    Usher 26 May 2021 01: 19
    -2
    You don't have to be a genius to think of this. Why are ordinary and commonplace things presented as complex and clever? It’s obvious, you don’t need to have seven spans in your forehead to predict or plan this. Ditto for me intellectual war analysts what
  12. shkiper83
    shkiper83 26 May 2021 16: 05
    +2
    In the area of ​​the Yellow Sea or the East China Sea You go out at night on the wing of the bridge, you will look over the horizon, and it is all in the lights of Chinese fishermen. There are thousands and thousands of them. This is especially evident when you fly in an airplane over this area at night and see from a height much further. Even 10 years ago, I thought that if every Chinese fisherman was equipped with a dshk, anti-aircraft missile system and an ATGM, then such a horde could only be stopped by nuclear weapons.
  13. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 28 May 2021 19: 22
    +1
    Interesting article, informative. good