Military Review

How Hitler Conquered Europe in 1940

69

On the eve of the Victory Day celebrations, a wave has traditionally risen in the West, glorifying the allies for their "contribution" to the defeat of Nazi Germany and belittling the role of the Soviet Union. At the same time, they somehow try not to remember how all of Europe within a few days was conquered by Hitler and worked for him throughout the war, supplying weapons, ammunition, industrial products, food and sending their "volunteers" to the Eastern Front.


European countries fought so "bravely" with the Nazis that they surrendered in record time: Denmark - 6 hours, Holland - 5 days, Yugoslavia - 12 days, Belgium - 18 days, Greece - 24 days, Poland - 36 days, France - 43 days , Norway - 61 days. These "winners" should be reminded that the Pavlov House in Stalingrad held out for 58 days, while the Soviet Union fought Hitler for 1418 days and ended the war by hoisting the Victory Banner over the Reichstag.

In this regard, it should be recalled how Hitler conquered and subjugated Europe. His victories were especially impressive in April - June 1940, when Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France surrendered without serious resistance and began to work diligently for the war machine of the Third Reich.

In carrying out these operations, Hitler sought to paralyze the spirit and will of not only the armies, but also the governments and peoples of the conquered countries, since he understood that in war everything is decided by the spirit. He chose a strategy not only of rapid military operations, but also of indirect actions, provoking fear and panic in the ranks of the enemy, disinformation, destruction of communications, communications and command systems. And German diplomacy quarreled the European countries among themselves, not allowing them to enter into an alliance against Hitler.

German propaganda impacted European media. And constantly inspired terror in front of the invincible German army. The countries of Europe were flooded with agents of influence and German spies spreading false rumors and wreaking havoc and panic. When German troops invaded the country in an unexpected place, people fled in horror, abandoning everything. The armies did not have time to react, and the governments surrendered unconditionally.

Conquest of Denmark (April 9)


For Hitler, Norway was a strategic springboard. Without it, he could not fight for a long time: these are supplies of iron ore, profitable bases for submarines and surface raiders to control the North Atlantic and aviation bases for strikes against England. The Norwegians remained neutral and briskly traded with Hitler, supplying him with iron ore. Denmark was the key to Norway. And the Nazis began the operation with the capture of the Danish kingdom.

On April 9, the German command undertook a desperately bold and unpredictable, unexpected for the enemy, a swift operation to simultaneously capture Denmark and Norway. With Denmark, Hitler ended in just a few hours, gaining complete control over the passages to the Baltic Sea from the west.

In order to paralyze the will of the Danes to resist, the Germans staged demonstration flights of bombers over Copenhagen, not for bombing, but for demonstration of force. And this turned out to be enough: the fear of German aviation paralyzed the Danes. In the early morning of April 9, Copenhagen residents woke up from the fact that German planes roared over the roofs of their houses. Running out into the streets, the Danes saw soldiers in German uniforms at the main intersections.

To capture Copenhagen, the Germans brought into the port a passenger ship "Danzig" with a battalion of soldiers on board. And on the move they seized the city citadel, dominating the harbor, customs, police station and city radio station for the psychological suppression of the Danes. At nine in the morning, the Danish radio station transmitted a message from the German commander that the country was occupied by the Germans in order to prevent an invasion by the British. Then the announcer read the message of King Christian. After the arrival of German bombers, the government of the Danish kingdom surrendered. Fear was stronger than bombs.

Before the German invasion, a small detachment of special forces operated in front of them, which had infiltrated the border the night before. He seized bridges and quickly took strategic objects in the border zone. The ground forces at lightning speed entered the province of North Schleswig, where thirty thousand Germans lived, across the southern border of Denmark. On the very first day, the Danish Germans rushed to meet the invading German units, and some even took to the streets with weapons in their hands. Others picked up weapons abandoned by the fleeing Danes, regulated traffic on the roads, and even escorted prisoners.

The ports were captured without any resistance with the help of the crews of several ships that entered the port. The airfields were taken under control by an airborne assault as part of a single platoon of parachutists. And to capture the forts on the coast, two platoons of paratroopers with pistols in their hands were enough.

In just a few hours, having lost twenty soldiers killed, the Germans captured Denmark and turned it into part of their empire. The rumor about the omnipotence of the Hitlerite army spread throughout Europe and fettered the will to resist.

The Conquest of Norway (April 9 - June 8)


Norway was next in line. The Nazis were especially interested in the port of Narvik, since iron ore was exported through it. In this operation, Hitler used his Norwegian Nazi fan, Quisling, who was supported by money and trained by his fighters.

Before the start of the operation on April 5, the elite and the government of Norway were invited to a "cultural event" at the German mission in Oslo, where they were shown a documentary film about the defeat of Poland in colors, which seriously influenced the Norwegian leadership.

The Germans formed six amphibious assault sea groups and with the involvement of almost all naval fleet sent to the shores of Norway. The British were also preparing a landing operation in Norway. And the German ships were regarded as an attempt by Hitler to break into the North Atlantic to destroy merchant ships going to England. And they did not believe that he had begun an operation to seize Norway.

On April 9, German ships unexpectedly burst into the port of Oslo. And a battle began with the coast guard. And the paratroopers captured two airfields and moved into the city. Early in the morning in Oslo, people saw German bombers over the roofs of houses, which did not bomb, but fired machine guns in low-level flight for an ostracism. Fear worked here too. On the radio, the authorities appealed to all residents of Oslo to leave the city, which led to a wild panic. The city dwellers fleeing in panic attacked railway stations and seized trucks, which led to the paralysis of transport and to the impossibility of transferring Norwegian units for battles out of the city. German transport planes with reinforcements began to land at the captured airfields. And the city was surrounded.

By mid-afternoon, Hitler's henchman Quisling had a coup d'etat and formed his own government, which the Germans immediately recognize. By the end of the day, the main ports and hubs, including Oslo and Narvik, were captured by the Germans with little resistance from the Norwegians. In the evening, Quisling spoke on the radio, declared himself prime minister, called on the military to stop resistance and everyone stay home. Everyone was paralyzed by the transience of the operation and the coup d'état and ceased resistance. England and France could do nothing. The advantage of the British fleet was leveled by German aircraft deployed to Norway.

During April 9-11, German ground forces began to be transferred to Norway. And the occupation of the country began. In May, the British landed troops and captured Narvik. But on June 8, they were forced to leave him and withdraw the expeditionary corps.

So, the surprise and audacity of the German operation, multiplied by fear and panic in Norway, made it possible to capture a key country for Hitler in his plans to conquer Europe. The Germans in the battles for Norway lost only 3682 people. But their navy suffered serious losses, which was one of the reasons for the impossibility of conducting an amphibious operation in England.

The Conquest of Holland (May 10-14)


For Hitler, who decided to defeat France, it was vitally important to conquer Holland and Belgium, which opened the way to France bypassing the Maginot Line. The operation to capture Holland and Belgium began on May 10. The advance of the Germans in Holland was complicated by the presence of numerous rivers, canals and bridges, the explosion of which could choke the German offensive.

Hitler proposed a plan with the widespread use of special forces, disguised as Dutch military police and in railway uniforms, to seize bridges over rivers and canals in the path of advancing Wehrmacht columns. Simultaneously, two airborne divisions were to land in the very heart of the "fortress Holland" near Amsterdam and The Hague and suppress it. It was this that played the role of mental suppression of the Dutch, although the special forces were not used so much - only about a thousand people.

At the beginning of the operation, German special forces were able to take strategic bridges and crossings on the border and captured a tunnel near Antwerp. The Germans, rushing into the breach, quickly crushed the first line of the Dutch defense along the eastern bank of the Meuse.

The Germans landed troops in the center of Rotterdam and captured the bridges in the city center and the nearest airfield. The Dutch army was unable to suppress the paratroopers with superior forces, and they were surrounded until the surrender of Holland.

The actions of sabotage groups gave rise to wild rumors about thousands of German special forces who, dressed in Dutch uniforms or civilian clothes, sow death, confusion and destruction. Fear and panic were spreading rumors, each more ridiculous than the other. Instead of fighting off bridges, the Dutch military searched hundreds of homes, paying particular attention to those in which members of the Dutch Nazi Party lived. They went down to basements and climbed into attics, detaining suspicious people. The drop of landing caused panic, and to strengthen it, the Nazis did not drop paratroopers by parachute, but stuffed animals, diverting the forces of the Dutch and whipping up fear. Ratchets were also dropped from the planes, imitating firing. It seemed to the Dutch that they were shooting everywhere, they imagined thousands of German intelligence agents and the "fifth column" of local traitors who were shooting in the backs of the troops. Already on the first day, fear and confusion became the main "damaging factor" of the German offensive in Holland.

In the area of ​​The Hague, the landing came under Dutch fire, and the planes could not land at the airfield. They circled over the city and caused even more panic. One panic news replaced by another. Confusion swept across the country. Panic paralyzed the will of the Dutch, everyone began to see German spies disguised as farmers, police officers, postmen, chauffeurs and priests. In this regard, precautions were tightened, spy mania paralyzed the capital, rumors were spread about the betrayal of the country's leadership.

A wave of arbitrary arrests swept across the country, everyone considered themselves entitled to arrest all the suspicious, the number of which began to be measured in the thousands. Shooting began without trial or investigation. The Germans conquered Holland not with landings and bombing raids - they did not have such forces at that time. They paralyzed her with a wave of skillfully raised fear. Instead of organizing a defense against the advancing German tanks the army was feverishly deployed to The Hague and Rotterdam to fight the non-existent Nazi militants. Holland, overwhelmed with fear, fell in five days, left to the Germans, with railways, factories, power plants, dams and infrastructure intact.

German tanks approached Rotterdam on May 14. And negotiations began on surrender. Otherwise, they threatened to bomb the city. When an agreement was reached, a German armada of bombers approached the city, they did not have time to warn of surrender. And she struck Rotterdam, which led to fires and destruction. The Dutch military leadership belatedly announced its surrender by radio.

The Conquest of Belgium (May 10-28)


The occupation of Belgium began on May 10 with a lightning-fast operation by the Germans to capture the strongest Belgian fortress Eben-Emael, which led to the destruction of the entire system of fortifications on the border and opened the way for Guderian's tanks. The fall of the fortress caused panic and shock in Belgium. The Germans took the fortress with a landing from gliders. But the bulk of the Belgians did not know how they achieved such a stunning success. Many believed that treason was at the top of the country.

Immediately, ridiculous rumors spread that the garrisons of the Belgian fortifications had been destroyed by the Germans with poisonous gases and "death rays." The Belgian Defense Minister spoke on the radio and urged citizens to inform the military authorities about any suspicious individuals seen near military installations. Citizens began to "fight" the spies. And the stream of "signals" swept over the Belgian military. On the third day of the war, the authorities announced on the radio that paratroopers, dressed in civilian clothes, were landing across the country, although there was nothing of the kind. So the government became the main distributor of panic rumors and spy mania.

The government ordered railroad and postal workers to evacuate. Seeing this, the population rushed after, the roads were crowded with crowds of refugees. And the movement along them was completely disorganized, making it impossible to transfer troops to meet the advancing Germans. The flood of refugees infected new areas with fear. And on the French border, up to one and a half million demoralized and distraught people accumulated, but the French closed the border for five days.

The situation was aggravated when the Germans broke through the Ardennes on May 15 and attacked the allied British and French troops transferred to Belgium on May 10-12. Under the pressure of the Germans, a stream of people from refugees and retreating British, French and Belgian soldiers rushed into northern France.

By May 13, Belgian prisons were overflowing with thousands of "German spies." The most suspicious were loaded onto trains and sent to the territory of France. Here came German Jews who fled from Hitler, Czechs, Russians, Poles, Communists, merchants, and policemen. The arrested were transported across France in stuffy, locked cattle carriages, on which were inscribed "The Fifth Column", "Spies", "Paratroopers". Many of these "spies" died on the way, some were shot due to lack of places in prisons.

German tanks, passing through the Ardennes, reached the Atlantic coast on May 20. Anglo-French troops and the remnants of the Belgian army were surrounded in the Dunkirk area. Struck by fear, Belgium was conquered by Hitler for eighteen days and on May 28 signed a surrender.

Conquest of France (May 10 - June 22)


Having conquered Belgium with a stunning blow to the fortress of Eben Emael, Hitler dealt the same blow to the French. The Nazis, bypassing the Maginot Line and luring the Anglo-French troops to Flanders, cut them with a tank wedge in the Ardennes. The subsequent breakthrough to the Atlantic brought the Anglo-French forces to the brink of disaster and led France to lose the will to resist.

Before the offensive on France, the Germans, dressed in French military uniforms, in order to provoke panic, staged several sabotage actions and explosions in large cities deep in the French rear on May 9-10. The onset of the German offensive led to a breakthrough on May 15 of the front in the Ardennes. And 1300 tanks of Guderian and Kleist on the rear of the French troops along the highways, almost without encountering resistance, rushed to the English Channel. Having covered 350 km in five days, they reached the Atlantic on May 20, cutting off the Anglo-French expeditionary force and cutting off supply lines.

After the Germans broke through to the sea, more than a million French, British and Belgian soldiers were cut off from the main forces. German tank corps advanced along the coast, occupying French ports with almost no resistance. And the panic-stricken French troops threw down their weapons.

The panic that spread from Belgium to France, where crowds of horrified refugees rushed, captured the entire country. The French press unwittingly worked for the Germans, reporting on the actions of the fifth column in Holland and Belgium. Parisian newspapers reported about a mythical landing near The Hague of two hundred German paratroopers, dressed in English uniforms, dispelling the fear of "saboteurs", which was transmitted to the military headquarters.

The French counterintelligence bodies were paralyzed. Confused, they succumbed to the most ridiculous and frightening rumors. Shooting began on the spot of all suspects of espionage and sabotage, including local residents. Among the French troops, indiscriminate shooting at non-existent "German saboteurs" often began.

The will to resist was paralyzed. The French and British generals did not understand what was happening. They had more troops and tanks, and the French tanks were much better than the German ones. Nevertheless, defeat followed defeat, since the French tanks were dispersed among the infantry divisions, and the German ones were assembled into one armored fist and with wedges broke through the enemy's defenses.

A day after the evacuation of the encircled troops from Dunkirk, German tank corps broke through the French front on the Somme. And on June 25, France surrendered unconditionally, holding out only 43 days. During the fighting, the French army lost 84 thousand killed and one and a half million prisoners. The losses of the Germans amounted to 27 thousand killed. The German victory was overwhelming. Without bombing French cities, factories and communications, they captured France. And all of its industrial potential has become the prey of the winners.

Conclusion


Hitler's 1940 victories demonstrated a striking fusion of psychological operations, intelligence, conspiracies, special forces and the fifth column, psychically paralyzing air strikes, terror, and non-trivial military decisions. The Germans showed how the psychological defeat of the enemy turns into a self-sustaining process. Panic, which destroys the victim of aggression, no longer needs to be specially created, it feeds itself and grows. In a matter of days, the population turns into a bloodthirsty crowd, ready to kill anyone suspicious without trial or investigation. Having struck the mind of the enemy, he can be forced to surrender on pain of terrible disaster and loss.

Hitler achieved a triumph with minimal expenditure of resources and without the mobilization stress of the German economy. At the cost of relatively small losses, he managed to annex almost all of Europe to the Reich in just two years. The remaining countries became his explicit and implicit allies.
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 22 May 2021 05: 28
    +5
    We are an example of how they will destroy Russia from within by various methods of information warfare, and then paralyzing the will of the government and the people to resist, the US and NATO troops will enter the country ... a classic.
    This campaign of Hitler must be shown in history lessons in our schools ... that is what the spineless pacification of an exceptional nation can lead to.
  2. SERGE ANT
    SERGE ANT 22 May 2021 05: 32
    +9
    Pavlov's house in Stalingrad lasted 58 days
    "Stalingrad swallowed Hitler's armies. Poland was conquered in 28 days. In 28 days in Stalingrad, the Germans managed to capture several houses. France fell in 38 days. In Stalingrad, in 38 days, the Germans managed to get from one side of the street to the other."
    From BBC reports, October, 1942. "A small group, defending one house, destroyed more enemy soldiers than the Nazis lost in the capture of Paris," noted Army Commander 62 Vasily Chuikov. In letters home, one of the German soldiers recalled that the kilometer that they only have to go to the Volga, they go longer than through the whole of France or Belgium. We are standing ... A kilometer to Mother Volga,
    a quarter of an hour walk, give it by hand.
    We stand like lumps: both silently and for a long time.
    And behind us - the enemy will not see the land.
    We are not France, no.
    We are simpler, flatter.
    With a white flag, culturally, -
    surrender not to us.
    Well, not very big and Red Square,
    and the whole world is watching what they are doing there ..
    We are not stones: our hearts are proudly stubborn,
    and the pulse pounds with hot blood.
    A kilometer away - mothers are praying meekly,
    even though the Soviet Union does not favor God ...
    God and Truth are one. Therefore, he, like Conscience:
    keeps atheists if the Conscience is clear.
    ... And in heavenly notes -
    a story will be written:
    a tale of stone warriors.
    Their height.
    "One kilometer"
    Larisa Ratich
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 22 May 2021 06: 43
    +3
    Hitler's 1940 victories demonstrated a striking fusion of psychological operations, intelligence, conspiracies, special forces and the fifth column, psychically paralyzing air strikes, terror, and non-trivial military decisions. The Germans showed how the psychological defeat of the enemy turns into a self-sustaining process.


    All this would be impossible if the Europeans wanted to fight. But they were absolutely not ready to give their lives, lose their comfort and die for their countries. If only the usual existence and the usual cup of coffee in the morning were preserved.

    And Hitler knew this very well, and the strange war only confirmed this knowledge.
    European countries fought so "bravely" with the Nazis that they surrendered in record time: Greece - 24 days, France - 43 days,

    This, of course, is true, but during the 43 days of the war in the USSR, the Nazis occupied two France and 10 Greece ...
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 22 May 2021 07: 59
      +4
      On the one hand, the author listed everything correctly.
      But on the other hand ... European countries were handed over by kings and presidents who really did not want to fight. But ordinary citizens went into resistance. Mortally risking their lives, the lives and the freedom of their families.
      We must not forget about popular resistance. Norway, Poland, France ...
      They just inflicted feasible damage to the enemy. Maybe not the same as Kovpak, but you need to show respect.
      1. Alex_1973
        Alex_1973 22 May 2021 09: 14
        +8
        Chief of the Redskins (Nazarius)
        But ordinary citizens went into resistance.
        Come on, but there was resistance in Europe ?! Where? In France? Do not make me laugh. The only place where more or less serious resistance was organized was in Yugoslavia, and a little in Greece. The rest of Europe fell under Hitler and even grunt with pleasure.
        You can lay out a list of SS divisions, or you will find it yourself. There you have both "Charlemagne" and "Wallonia", and "Hohenstaufen" with "Galitchina" to boot.
        By the way, the Reichstag was defended by the French and Belgian SS men.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 22 May 2021 09: 35
          +5
          Quote: Alex_1973
          Come on, but there was resistance in Europe ?! Where? In France? Do not make me laugh.

          What a resistance, just small groups of people who opposed, but did not harm the Reich. Those who tried to do this, their own and handed over to the Gestapo.
          There was no terror to the population of the conquered countries, from the side of the Nazis. Hitler needed Europe in order for industry and agriculture to work for the Reich, with which Europe coped well, and everything went to supply the German army, to fight the USSR.
          1. Alex_1973
            Alex_1973 22 May 2021 09: 44
            +7
            That's it. I believe that if you collect all the "European resistance" together, then it will be less than the partisan unit of Kovpak. And all this "resistance" made hundreds of times less than Kovpak in one raid.
            They are ready to put up some kind of leaflets in France to equate to a great feat. They are also resisting me.
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 22 May 2021 09: 50
              +5
              Quote: Alex_1973
              I believe that if you collect all the "European resistance" together, then it will be less than the partisan unit of Kovpak.

              And they all "appeared" after the liberation from the Germans. Everyone began to immediately deny that they fought and worked for Hitler, allegedly resisted and accept us into the camp of the victors. Probably everyone knows who, by 1945, deserted to the camp of the allies, and when the Romanians, Italians and others destroyed our civilians, they suddenly forgot everything. And in an instant they became "partisans".
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 22 May 2021 09: 14
        +2
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        We must not forget about popular resistance. Norway, Poland, France

        on the side of the Nazis fought on ORDER more French and Poles than in the resistance. There are 600 ethnic Poles alone.

        All these resistances revived only in 1944, when it became clear WHERE the war was going ...

        But in reality, these resistances unfolded during the device of genocide when the innocent Germans were expelled from the Sudetenland, Prussia and Silesia and the heads of French women were shaved. after War.
      3. Artem76
        Artem76 24 May 2021 12: 50
        +2
        This very "resistance" in France killed the first German officer only in 1941! A year after the occupation by the Germans. And in this "resistance" for the most part there were emigrants "White Guards", that is, Russians to a greater extent, and French communists in small numbers. I don’t remember how many correct French patriots were there in “Normandy-Niemen”, but as already written above, there were thousands of Frenchmen in the volunteer divisions (namely volunteer ones !!!). For your information, the Reichstag itself, to the last drop of blood, was defended by the French SS-vets.

        According to the memoirs of German high-ranking officers, the Czechs were serviceable, diligent workers, not a single riot, sabotage, and God forbid - sabotage at factories. Moreover, these hard workers worked regularly until the end of April 1945 !!!
    2. Fitter65
      Fitter65 22 May 2021 09: 27
      +4
      Quote: Olgovich
      for 43 days of war in the USSR, the Nazis occupied two France and 10 Greece ...

      It's true, true, and the losses over these 43 days were not comparable to
      The campaign of German troops in the Balkans, which lasted 24 days (from 6 to 29 April), strengthened the faith of the Hitlerite command in the infallibility of the strategy of "lightning war". Domination in the Balkans was achieved at the cost of small losses: during the hostilities, the German army lost about 2,5 thousand killed, 3 thousand missing and about 6 thousand wounded.
      and a French company
      German troops lost 45 people killed and missing and 218 wounded [source not specified]. According to other sources, the total losses of the Germans in killed and wounded - 111 thousand, of which 034 thousand - killed
      And the Eastern Front
      By mid-July, German troops had lost about 100 thousand people, over 1 thousand aircraft and up to 1,5 thousand tanks: "The course of hostilities on the Soviet-German front
      (June - September 1941) "
      1. Igor Ushakov
        Igor Ushakov 22 May 2021 23: 16
        +1
         french company

        German troops lost 45 people killed and missing and 218 wounded [source not specified]. According to other sources, the total losses of the Germans in killed and wounded - 111 thousand, of which 034 thousand - killed

        The spread of figures is incredible - 27 thousand in the materials of the article (this figure is also given to us by traditional sources), and 45 thousand and 117 thousand according to your sources.
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 23 May 2021 00: 57
          0
          Quote: Igor Ushakov
          The spread of figures is incredible - 27 thousand in the materials of the article (this figure is also given to us by traditional sources), and 45 thousand and 117 thousand according to your sources.

          Yes, these are not my sources, I just gained losses of the Wehrmacht and that's it ...
    3. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 22 May 2021 11: 57
      0
      Quote: Olgovich
      And Hitler knew this very well, and the strange war only confirmed this knowledge.

      in the German version - Sitzkrieg. Sedentary war
    4. Igor Ushakov
      Igor Ushakov 22 May 2021 23: 20
      0
      And Hitler knew this very well, and the strange war only confirmed this knowledge.
      not a fact, apparently, hoped, but was not sure.
      The consequence is a very generous economic part of the agreement with the USSR, which is worth one loan for 200 million DM, which, of course, was not returned later. Probably, in this way the German leadership bought guarantees of non-aggression from the Union.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 23 May 2021 06: 54
        -1
        Quote: Igor Ushakov
        And Hitler knew this very well, and the strange war only confirmed this knowledge.
        not a fact, apparently, hoped, but was not sure.

        After the unpunished seizure of the Rhine region, the annexation of Austria, the annexation of the Sudetenland, the annexation of the remnants of the Czech Republic, there could be no doubt.
        Quote: Igor Ushakov
        a very generous economic part of the agreement with the USSR, which is worth one loan for 200 million DM, which, of course, was not returned later. Probably, in this way the German leadership bought guarantees of non-aggression from the Union.

        He secured a reliable rear for himself during his showdown with Europe.
  4. nikvic46
    nikvic46 22 May 2021 06: 58
    +2
    I completely agree with the author. The idea of ​​National Socialism is a very contagious thing. If we have someone who welcomed Hitler's rise to power, then what to say about Europe. This idea is involved in an exorbitant cult of personality. Some compare the cult of Stalin and Hitler. Let them look words of praise of Stalin about himself. As for Hitler, there is no need to look. "My mother gave birth to a great son of Germany." Many are confused by the idea of ​​nationalization. If now many defend this idea, then what can we say about the peoples of the countries of the 30-40s. National Socialism is not dead. It can revive in any country where there is unlimited capitalism. Digitalization of people will help it.
  5. Boris55
    Boris55 22 May 2021 08: 12
    -1
    Quote: Y. Apukhtin
    How Hitler Conquered Europe in 1940
    Hitler achieved triumph with minimal expenditure of resources and without the mobilization stress of the German economy

    Conquered? laughing How "conquered" - I'm not interested. I wonder how and who provided Hitler with all the resources of all European countries to attack the USSR and why these "conquered" countries practically did not even try to resist (some pretended to resist ...).

    Quote: Y. Apukhtin
    Hitler's 1940 victories demonstrated a striking fusion of psychological operations, intelligence, conspiracies, special forces and the fifth column, psychically paralyzing air strikes, terror, and non-trivial military decisions.

    I do not agree with the author's conclusion.

    The entire world bourgeoisie opposed the world's first state of workers and peasants. At the same time, one must understand that in all European countries (Western civilization as a whole and to this day), the main presidents are not, they are just managers appointed by the bourgeoisie to advance their interests, and as soon as all of their interest was in the destruction of the USSR, they immediately came to common decision and pooled all their resources of their countries.

    For the layman, this may have looked like a triumph of Hitler (or Napoleon), but they were not in charge of the whole process. So there is no need to sing praises to Hitler and Napoleon. If there is another war tomorrow, you can rest assured that the entire Western civilization will act as a united front against the civilization of Russia.

    ps
    I will not feel sorry for those of our citizens if there is a war, and our tourists there will be hostages in concentration camps ... (children - sorry, but their parents - not a bit). The money earned here, must be spent here, and not lead the hard earned money to our enemies to strengthen their military power.
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 11: 29
      0
      Quote: Boris55
      I will not feel sorry for those of our citizens if there is a war, and our tourists there will be hostages in concentration camps ...

      And, another adherent of the Iron Curtain sect?
      Quote: Boris55
      Earned money here, must be spent here
      Why is this frightening 'necessary' ??
      Nobody has any right to dictate to me where and on what I should spend my earnings. Leave those wet dreams of North Korea to yourself.
    2. Sunstorm
      Sunstorm 22 May 2021 16: 41
      +4
      Quote: Boris55
      The entire world bourgeoisie opposed the world's first state of workers and peasants.

      Let go of the owl, she doesn't want to go to the globe ... Based on your words, it turns out in Great Britain, the United States ... and other allies, the bourgeoisie was not there.
  6. north 2
    north 2 22 May 2021 08: 44
    0
    and therefore the countries mentioned in the article fell under Hitler, because they had no state ideology. And the USSR had a state ideology. Because the USSR knew what it was fighting for, did not give up and won. Hence the conclusion that a state without ideology in the event of danger or war is doomed to defeat.
    And if even the Constitution forbids having an ideology? You will say that Hitlerite Germany also had an ideology. This is where the most important thing is. When the Yeltsin Constitution forbade Russia to have an ideology, and in Putin's amendments to the Constitution this ban was not canceled, it was not done because the authors of these bans were afraid of the appearance in Russia of everything that could be lost to the loser and at the Nuremberg trials all damned Nazi-Hitlerite ideology Germany. The authors of these prohibitions to have Russia an ideology were afraid that the inhabitants of modern Russia would want everything that can be overcome in today's Russia, the victorious ideology of the Bolshevik-Stalinist USSR that has overcome and everything that can be defeated.
    Now the West is just glad that ideology is banned in Russia. Because the Anglo-Saxons know which ideology the Russians would choose for themselves if there were no ban on ideology in Russia. And all the efforts of the West in Russia now, while Russia is forbidden to have an ideology, through its fifth column in Russia to bring Western values ​​to Russia.
    The values ​​of the West, as their ideology is now called. And it makes Russians believe that this is not some kind of ideology, but their innocent values. By the way, the price list of these values ​​hangs in the headquarters of the Pentagon and in the offices of the fifth column in Russia and the price there is clearly defined - the collapse and plunder of Russia ...
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 22 May 2021 09: 04
      -3
      Quote: north 2
      Now the West is just glad that ideology is banned in Russia.

      Tell me, who do you think is the bearer of the ideology? Parties are the bearers of ideologies.
      EP is the ideology of human-human exploitation.
      The Communist Party of the Russian Federation is a mrxist ideology (I hope you've heard of this).
      Liberal Democratic Party - Liberal Democratic, etc.

      We do not have a ban on the activities of any registered party and a ban on their promotion of their ideology. We (the people) have the right to choose one or another ideology when holding elections to state governing bodies. For which party the people will vote, the ideology of that party will be the state ideology until the next elections. Do not deprive us of the right to choose.

      What do you think, in the current state, which ideology of which party will be appointed as the state? That's right - the ideology of the EP. You drown for it, are you satisfied with the ideology of exploitation of man-man? The fact that they do not speak about it does not mean that it (through the Laws) is not implemented.

      ps
      Ideology over ideologies is called the concept of incl. it is necessary to change the Biblical concept to the Russian - KOB.
      1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 11: 20
        0
        Quote: Boris55
        Ideology over ideologies is called a concept

        It is called религия.
        Quote: Boris55
        it is necessary to change the Biblical concept to Russian

        I do not really understand the varieties of 'opium for the people'. Explain what kind of competitive Theosophy you are proposing instead of traditional denominations. And how are you going to impose the 'Russian concept'? Chipping?
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 22 May 2021 11: 52
          -2
          Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          This is called religion .... I don't really understand the varieties of 'opium for the people'. Explain which one is the competitive ..

          KOB - does not impose anything on anyone. Everyone decides to accept this information or not. BER is not a type of religion. All information about it is available in full to anyone on the internet.
          Since we have touched on the issue of ideology, then we need to understand what place it occupies in the hierarchy of society management. Hopefully the picture below will be enough to understand this:
          1. bk0010
            bk0010 22 May 2021 14: 54
            +1
            A stupid picture: we have the executive branch at the top, the legislative branch simply asserts what the presidential administration gives it, occasionally adding some prohibitions from itself, the judicial branch simply stamps the documents of the investigation (also the executive branch), ideological power is simply part of the executive branch (control over the media ), the conceptual one is completely absent (the authorities do not care about the demands of society).
            1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 18: 43
              -1
              Quote: bk0010
              Stupid picture

              This is a'la Orwell Light.
            2. Boris55
              Boris55 23 May 2021 07: 38
              0
              Quote: bk0010
              Stupid picture

              First, we define how we will live (concept).
              In the 90s, the young reformers decided to build capitalism in our country.

              Then we convince others of this (ideology),
              All the media intermittently convinced us of the charm of capitalism. On TV they played "Slave Isaur" and "The rich cry the same" - and here Chubais with vouchers - take and build at least a villa, at least a hacienda ...

              Those who disagree, we drive them into the framework of the law (legislative), etc.
              The first two Dumas were engaged in rewriting laws - stamping them like a copier.

              The legislative branch, through the adoption of appropriate laws, determines the scope of the permissible power of the executive and the judiciary.


              That's right, and not vice versa. Although this diagram is drawn in relation to our country, it reflects the structure of power of all states of the World.

              Presidential power is an executive power, with the right to initiate legislation, exactly the same as that of any deputy, with the only difference that the president is elected by the entire people, and the deputy is only elected by his constituency, incl. the president's legislative initiative is more weighty, but the last word in the adoption of the law always remains with the deputies of the Duma and the Federation Council.
          2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 18: 34
            +2
            And what the hell is that conceptual??? What's the concept? Idealistic banal nonsense.
    2. your1970
      your1970 24 May 2021 11: 53
      0
      Quote: north 2
      And the USSR had a state ideology. Because the USSR knew what it was fighting for, did not give up and won. Hence the conclusion that a state without ideology in the event of danger or war is doomed to defeat.

      That is, the United States was owes be defeated by Japan ????? !!!!! Look what ... SUSH has no ideology ...
      That is, understanding - what is not in 1946, so in 1947 - the United States would have coped with Japan without the USSR ????
      1. Usher
        Usher 24 May 2021 23: 14
        -1
        Quote: your1970
        Quote: north 2
        And the USSR had a state ideology. Because the USSR knew what it was fighting for, did not give up and won. Hence the conclusion that a state without ideology in the event of danger or war is doomed to defeat.

        That is, the United States was owes be defeated by Japan ????? !!!!! Look what ... SUSH has no ideology ...
        That is, understanding - what is not in 1946, so in 1947 - the United States would have coped with Japan without the USSR ????

        The point is that there was no war on the territory of the United States. If the United States would have lost a third or a half of its territory. It would be interesting to look at the USA))) The Japanese would definitely not give up.
        1. your1970
          your1970 24 May 2021 23: 41
          0
          No chips, no ...
          And there was no ideology in the United States and the Japanese would have surrendered a year later - they would not have gone anywhere
          Quote: north 2
          here and the conclusion that the state without ideology in case of danger or war doomed to defeat .
          1. Usher
            Usher 24 May 2021 23: 45
            -1
            Quote: your1970
            No chips, no ...
            And there was no ideology in the United States and the Japanese would have surrendered a year later - they would not have gone anywhere
            Quote: north 2
            here and the conclusion that the state without ideology in case of danger or war doomed to defeat .

            You have not answered my rhetorical question))) And I think the opposite. Rejecting technology and tactics, purely moral strong-willed qualities of the people. I think the Yankees would be blown away after the loss of part of the territory and the massive bombing of their cities.
            1. your1970
              your1970 25 May 2021 06: 09
              0
              Quote: Usher
              Rejecting technology and tactics, purely moral strong-willed qualities of the people.

              Purely moral qualities - WITHOUT technology - would not solve anything ...
              Quote: Usher
              after the loss of part of the territory and the massive bombing of their cities.

              You are somehow very dashing with geography ... There is an ocean, if that ...

              But even if you spit on the ocean, equipment, and so on, the United States was completely hollowing out Japan, despite the high staunchness of the Japanese troops.
              Even if you drag Japan to the US border, a certain number of amers still had high resilience. And they had heroes ...
              1. Usher
                Usher 25 May 2021 19: 12
                -1
                Quote: your1970
                Quote: Usher
                Rejecting technology and tactics, purely moral strong-willed qualities of the people.

                Purely moral qualities - WITHOUT technology - would not solve anything ...
                Quote: Usher
                after the loss of part of the territory and the massive bombing of their cities.

                You are somehow very dashing with geography ... There is an ocean, if that ...

                But even if you spit on the ocean, equipment, and so on, the United States was completely hollowing out Japan, despite the high staunchness of the Japanese troops.
                Even if you drag Japan to the US border, a certain number of amers still had high resilience. And they had heroes ...

                You probably don't get it right, or don't you understand the words? I said rejecting technology for the sake of comparison. And not in fact, I already know where the oceans are and all that. Purely moral qualities of the two countries. Japan HAS a much higher fighting spirit. And I am a Yankee and today they do not shine. They are taken out only by cunning. That's all. Pure statement of fact.
                1. your1970
                  your1970 25 May 2021 22: 39
                  0
                  Quote: Usher
                  Pure statement of fact.

                  For the sake of clarity, if the Japanese had a high fighting spirit, we would not have overcome the Kwantung Army so easily ...

                  And it is not known what kind of spirit the Japanese would have - if they were bombed for several years as the Germans ...

                  And it is absolutely unknown what would happen if the Americans were bombed for several years ...

                  I don't like them either, but they had heroes too (like cowards / deserters with us).
                  High spirit is a good thing - but without technology in the 20th century there is no way
                  1. Usher
                    Usher 26 May 2021 01: 14
                    -1
                    Quote: your1970
                    Quote: Usher
                    Pure statement of fact.

                    For the sake of clarity, if the Japanese had a high fighting spirit, we would not have overcome the Kwantung Army so easily ...

                    And it is not known what kind of spirit the Japanese would have - if they were bombed for several years as the Germans ...

                    And it is absolutely unknown what would happen if the Americans were bombed for several years ...

                    I don't like them either, but they had heroes too (like cowards / deserters with us).
                    High spirit is a good thing - but without technology in the 20th century there is no way

                    Apparently you don't get it at all? From the word at all, where does the technology? I repeat it for the third time. I'm not talking about technology. And the Kwantung Army had a high morale, if it was low it would have been done in a couple of days. This is not about the Germans. The mentality is different, as they live directly next to potential enemies. Yankees exhibit a very different mindset. There is no need to exaggerate the power during the Second World War. They in Africa and Italy, and then in Western Europe, barely advanced with a huge numerical advantage and with air supremacy and fighting second-rate troops. I read memoirs from both sides. Even with complete superiority in the Pacific after 1942 (Midway). They advanced at a snail's pace, suffering huge losses. And this is with a technological, numerical advantage. What qualities does this indicate?
                    1. your1970
                      your1970 26 May 2021 21: 41
                      0
                      Quote: Usher
                      And the Kwantung Army had a high morale, if it was low they would have managed in a couple of days
                      -millionth grouping for a month (conditionally) ???? forcing fortified areas - "without dismounting from cars" ???
                      The speed of the spacecraft movement in the Kwantung Army is approximately DOUBLE higher than the Wehrmacht in spacecraft in 1941 - does not say anything? The spirit of the Japanese was strong, yeah ...

                      Quote: Usher
                      Moving at a snail's pace, suffering huge losses
                      - it speaks about LOW qualifications STAFF- no more ... our headquarters - to put it mildly, also in 1942 - did not shine ...
                      1. Usher
                        Usher 26 May 2021 22: 24
                        -1
                        Quote: your1970
                        Quote: Usher
                        And the Kwantung Army had a high morale, if it was low they would have managed in a couple of days
                        -millionth grouping for a month (conditionally) ???? forcing fortified areas - "without dismounting from cars" ???
                        The speed of the spacecraft movement in the Kwantung Army is approximately DOUBLE higher than the Wehrmacht in spacecraft in 1941 - does not say anything? The spirit of the Japanese was strong, yeah ...

                        Quote: Usher
                        Moving at a snail's pace, suffering huge losses
                        - it speaks about LOW qualifications STAFF- no more ... our headquarters - to put it mildly, also in 1942 - did not shine ...

                        You are apparently in the tank. What are the headquarters? What are the fortified areas? It's not about them! What does the speed of movement have to do with it? If the spirit was like a Yankee, the spacecraft would destroy it in a couple of days. Do you even read what I am writing, can you clearly conduct a dialogue? Or just mumble your own? Clearly read what I am writing and comprehend the words. Then maybe it will come, otherwise they got their headquarters, technologies, weave the oceans.
                      2. your1970
                        your1970 27 May 2021 10: 14
                        0
                        Quote: Usher
                        Clearly read what I am writing and comprehend the words

                        Do you write about morale and? Yes, POSSIBLY(!!!!) he was high in the Japanese army, so what? How has this lofty spirit and resilience helped Japan? No way !!! Who occupies whom for 76 years ???

                        Quote: Usher
                        And the Kwantung Army had a high morale, if it was low it would have been done in a couple of days.
                        - it doesn't reach you either - that for a million-strong group that had fortified areas and a high (like !!!) spirit and territory - a month - it's about nothing.
                        The Wehrmacht crushed France in 42 days - it turns out the spirit of the French army was 50% higher than the spirit of the Japanese ??? !!!!
                      3. Usher
                        Usher 27 May 2021 22: 13
                        -1
                        Quote: your1970
                        Quote: Usher
                        Clearly read what I am writing and comprehend the words

                        Do you write about morale and? Yes, POSSIBLY(!!!!) he was high in the Japanese army, so what? How has this lofty spirit and resilience helped Japan? No way !!! Who occupies whom for 76 years ???

                        Quote: Usher
                        And the Kwantung Army had a high morale, if it was low it would have been done in a couple of days.
                        - it doesn't reach you either - that for a million-strong group that had fortified areas and a high (like !!!) spirit and territory - a month - it's about nothing.
                        The Wehrmacht crushed France in 42 days - it turns out the spirit of the French army was 50% higher than the spirit of the Japanese ??? !!!!

                        It's about something else. You are really in a tank. You do not even understand what it is about. It's about why Europe gave up quickly. Japan fought for several years, how long did France fight? This is not about the Kwantung Group. Speech in general, about the moral strong-willed qualities of the nation / people in the countries. Clear!? In Europe, they were afraid to fight, only a few fought, they thought that they would carry it. And if the Nazis carried out Operation Lion or whatever the planned landing operation was called and did not attack the USSR, they would have crushed England within a maximum of a year. All other countries did not put up any resistance at all. From the word at all. It's just that no one took them seriously. It is now clear? The Japanese as a nation surrendered only after the order of the emperor. And so they did not care, they destroyed, did not destroy the Kwantung Army, they did not even realize (except for those who got directly) and did not perceive the nuclear bombardment. Carpet bombing caused no less damage. That's what we are talking about. And not about the resistance of individual armies and formations. And if the United States would have bordered on Germany and Germany would have attacked the United States. I very much doubt that the Yankees would have survived.
                      4. your1970
                        your1970 27 May 2021 23: 15
                        0
                        Quote: Usher
                        And so they did not care, they destroyed, did not destroy the Kwantung Army, they did not even realize (except for those who got directly) and did not perceive the nuclear bombardment.
                        -and what about these spitters, with such a shockingly high spirit - for 76 years they have been standing in a well-known pose under the Americans ?? why don't samurai slaughter occupiers at night ?? boyazzo - what if the Americans will change their pose ??
                        It is necessary to judge the presence of a high fighting spirit by the results - in this particular case, the high (type) spirit did not give anything to Japan

                        Once again - at individual fanatics- the spirit was. Undoubtedly ...
                        The Japanese army did not have a high spirit. Even the French lasted longer in the land war ...

                        Quote: Usher
                        And if the United States would have bordered on Germany and Germany would have attacked the United States. I very much doubt that the Yankees would have survived.
                        - yeah ... and if at the same time the USSR were overseas from them - now everyone would be trading for rubles, and dollars would be called wooden. lol lol
  • strannik1985
    strannik1985 22 May 2021 08: 54
    +3
    Hello, we've arrived. At the beginning of the active battalion, the French had 6 tank and 7 motorized divisions against 10 tank and 9 motorized divisions of the Wehrmacht.
    1. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona 22 May 2021 09: 16
      +3
      Come on, for the patriots' hurray, the French who were not mobilized could easily cross the Rhine and break through the powerful Siegfried Line while the Germans stormed Poland, because they did it for so long, and then the troops were thrown back along such terrible autobahns in Germany, they just crawled like snails.
      Well, in 1941, the USSR lost more territories than the size of continental France, and some prisoners surrendered more than the Allies in France, Belgium and the Netherlands had in 1940.
      We had a huge country and a gigantic army. We had time to learn despite the disasters, but the allies do not
      1. strannik1985
        strannik1985 22 May 2021 10: 30
        +2
        Come on you

        The French had a year since the Munich Agreement to carry out preparatory measures (as the Germans did) and 9 months of the "Strange War" to seize the strategic initiative, the experience of the Polish company of the Wehrmacht. The allies simply did not use their advantages.
        We had a huge country

        Attack Germany first?
        1. Blackmokona
          Blackmokona 22 May 2021 11: 04
          -2
          1) 9 Months? You are a Polish jingoistic patriot, look how long the Polish company lasted.
          2) The experience of the Polish company was with the Wehrmacht, not with the allies. Won the USSR Polish, French and other companies did not teach anything until the Germans themselves came.
          3) What is the advantage? Attack superior forces across a river and a powerful line of defense? All their hope was to sit in deep defense behind powerful fortifications and wait for the blockade to take effect.
          1. strannik1985
            strannik1985 22 May 2021 15: 14
            0
            2)

            These are the problems of the Allies, they had an advantage in forces until May 1940, at the time of the Munich Agreement and the beginning of the Polish Company, they were decisive, they outwitted themselves.
            3)

            The most common, only France has up to a hundred infantry, 7 motorized, 3 tank (light mechanized) divisions. All you need to do is mobilize and deploy simultaneously with the Germans.
            1. Blackmokona
              Blackmokona 22 May 2021 17: 01
              0
              1) There was no superiority in forces until May 1940, German troops defeated Poland with lightning speed and returned. Until the end of 1939, they managed with a huge supply. In general, within 17 days after the start of the campaign, 95% of the troops could be removed from the Polish front and returned without problems. The USSR would have completed the rest without the Germans.
              2) But democracies cannot so easily mobilize, prepare and deploy. They have a difficult political process, not the Fuehrer's scribble.
        2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 20: 09
          0
          Quote: strannik1985
          The French have had a year since the Munich Agreement for the preparatory measures (

          Well, they thought that by feeding the Fuehrer Czechoslovakia, they guaranteed Europe from war. 'I brought the world!' ©
      2. bk0010
        bk0010 22 May 2021 14: 55
        -3
        Quote: BlackMokona
        We had a huge country and a gigantic army. We had time to learn despite the disasters, but the allies do not
        The Chinese do too. Did it help them a lot?
        1. Blackmokona
          Blackmokona 22 May 2021 14: 56
          +2
          Yes, remember when the Chinese surrendered? Do not remember, so they did not surrender, and fought from 1937 to 1945. laughing
          But they met the war divided into a handful of warring states, with a completely backward industry and scientific base, and they held on to nothing. wassat
          1. bk0010
            bk0010 22 May 2021 14: 59
            -3
            Quote: BlackMokona
            Yes, remember when the Chinese surrendered?
            That is, you do not know about Manchukuo and the last emperor? By your standards, France has not surrendered either.
            1. Blackmokona
              Blackmokona 22 May 2021 16: 55
              +1
              Manchukuo never occupied even 20% of the territory of China.
              Here is the size, easily compares to the territory of China
        2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 20: 11
          +2
          Quote: bk0010
          The Chinese do too. Did it help them a lot?

          There was still a civil war in the background.
      3. Non-fighter
        Non-fighter 22 May 2021 19: 39
        0
        The German generals themselves laughed at the "powerful Siegfried line". according to Veremeev.
    2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 11: 12
      +4
      Quote: strannik1985
      Hello, we've arrived. At the beginning of the active battalion, the French had 6 tank and 7 motorized divisions against 10 tank and 9 motorized divisions of the Wehrmacht.

      Aren't you counting 13 BEC divisions in France?
      1. strannik1985
        strannik1985 22 May 2021 15: 18
        +1
        The author wrote about the French, as well as +1 (tank division).
        1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 22 May 2021 20: 27
          +2
          Quote: strannik1985
          The author wrote about the French, as well as +1 (tank division).

          + 2 light brigades and an army tank brigade.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  • Detnix
    Detnix 22 May 2021 11: 32
    +4
    European countries fought so "bravely" with the Nazis that they surrendered in record time: Denmark - 6 hours, Holland - 5 days, Yugoslavia - 12 days, Belgium - 18 days, Greece - 24 days, Poland - 36 days, France - 43 days , Norway - 61 days. These "winners" should be reminded that the Pavlov House in Stalingrad held out for 58 days, while the Soviet Union fought Hitler for 1418 days and ended the war by hoisting the Victory Banner over the Reichstag.


    Well, not everything was as cool as it is pleasant to think for the majority ...

    "Let's take a certain time period of 3 weeks and calculate: what did the Wehrmacht achieve during this period in the West and in the USSR? Why exactly 3 weeks? The fact is that this is how long the first stage of the war lasted both in the west and in the east. After 21 days The Germans stopped to put their troops in order, regroup, and bring up everything they needed.In France, they stalled at the Amiens-Verdun line, and in the USSR, on the Pskov-Smolensk-Zhitomir line.

    So: the Germans attacked the western borders on May 10, 1940. and defeated the Allies in northern France by 31 May. The disorganized remnants of the Anglo-French troops were pushed to the seashore and feverishly evacuated. In total, the operation lasted 21 days. Let's calculate the average speed of the Wehrmacht's advance during this time, for this we take the road distance between the cities Duisburg - Dunkirk, which is 340 km. Divide 340 by 21 = 16 km per day.

    Now we are postponed to 1941 and consider the advance of the Wehrmacht across Soviet territory for the same time period: 21 days. By about July 12, 1941. the Germans entered the Pskov - Smolensk - Zhitomir line. The distance on the route of the movement of Army Group "North" Klaipeda - Pskov on the roads is 585 km. Consider 585: 21 = 27,8 km per day. At such a speed the Germans advanced in the Baltic States.

    Distance on the route of movement of Army Group "Center" Brest - Smolensk on the roads = 627 km. 627: 21 = 29,8 km per day. With such a speed the Germans passed all of Belarus and captured Smolensk.

    The distance on the route of the movement of Army Group "South" Rava-Russkaya - Zhitomir along the roads = 445 km. 445: 21 = 21,2 km per day. The Germans were advancing at such a speed in the Ukraine.

    As you can see, the Germans moved in the first three weeks of the war in the USSR in all directions much faster than in Western Europe. "
    1. Unknown
      Unknown 22 May 2021 12: 35
      +4
      Quote: Detnix
      As you can see, the Germans moved in the first three weeks of the war in the USSR in all directions much faster than in Western Europe.

      Not so simple. In the army, even to die, you have to on command. There was a plan by Barbarossa, and they fought strictly according to it. The sooner we smash Russia, the better. The operation will make sense only if we defeat the entire state with one swift blow. It is not enough just to capture some part of the territory. Stopping activities in winter is dangerous. Therefore, it is better to wait, but make a firm decision to destroy Russia.

      - F. Halder. War diary. Summary of Hitler's speech on July 31, 1940 [center. According to the plan. On the eighth day, German troops were to reach the line Kaunas - Baranovichi - Lvov - Mogilev-Podolsky. On the twentieth day of the war, they had to seize territory and reach the line: Dnieper (to the region south of Kiev) - Mozyr - Rogachev - Orsha - Vitebsk - Velikiye Luki - south of Pskov - south of Pärnu. This was followed by a pause of twenty days, during which it was supposed to concentrate and regroup the formations, give rest to the troops and prepare a new supply base. On the fortieth day of the war, the second phase of the offensive was to begin. In the course of it, it was planned to capture Moscow, Leningrad and Donbass [13].

      Particular importance was attached to the capture of Moscow: "The capture of this city means, both politically and economically, a decisive success, not to mention the fact that the Russians will lose the most important railway junction." The Wehrmacht command believed that the Red Army would throw the last remaining forces to defend the capital, which would make it possible to defeat them in one operation. [13] They always fight according to a conceived plan. And the Red Army, with its resistance, thwarted this plan. I had to redo, change the timing, directions, and the whole plan began to collapse. Military affairs are simple and quite accessible to the common mind of a person. But fighting is difficult. K. Clausewitz.
    2. chenia
      chenia 22 May 2021 14: 14
      -3
      Quote: Detnix
      "Let's take a certain time period of 3 weeks and calculate


      They don't think so. The Franks and Britons had been at war for 8 months before. After 5,5 months (since the beginning of the war) we organized an offensive near Moscow. And if not for the loss of 1941, the Germans would have been a complete arctic fox.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. Igor Ushakov
      Igor Ushakov 22 May 2021 23: 34
      +1
      As you can see, the Germans moved in the first three weeks of the war in the USSR in all directions much faster than in Western Europe. "

      And compare, please, 2 more indicators:
      1) The power of the Wehrmacht and satellites during the European and Eastern campaign.
      2) The number of losses in people and equipment over the same periods of time for these two campaigns.
      As a result, it was the eastern company that introduced the Germans to tank fear and forced the German leadership to attend to the creation of detachments and penalty battalions.
  • iouris
    iouris 22 May 2021 13: 26
    +4
    Not "conquered", but "occupied". Obedience can be achieved without occupation. The use of incorrect terminology indicates that either the author does not know the concepts, or is solving a propaganda problem. The task of revealing the criminal nature of the Nazi regime and Nazi aggression is clearly not worth it, the exceptional "effectiveness" of Hitler as a "manager" is emphasized. And this is becoming a trend.
  • bk0010
    bk0010 22 May 2021 14: 45
    +2
    Yugoslavia - 12 days
    The Yugoslavs then honestly partisan.
  • Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 22 May 2021 22: 56
    +2
    The "European" does not care who is his master, individualism and greediness are the basis of "Europe". The "Europeans" settled down perfectly under Hitler, and only when faced with Britain and Russia did Germany receive the people as an enemy, and not a bunch of "personalities".
  • isv000
    isv000 22 May 2021 23: 46
    0
    Phenomenal! This is exactly how the striped ones act in our time ................
    1. The comment was deleted.
  • isv000
    isv000 23 May 2021 16: 16
    0
    The sausage makers tried to walk in the same manner in Russia, but only when they try to upset us, we only grow stronger ...
  • NF68
    NF68 23 May 2021 16: 28
    0
    He was lucky in Europe in 1940 as a drowned man. And then, a year later, despite the deafening initial successes, what went wrong. Apparently he also taught history poorly at school.
  • Vladimir
    Vladimir 24 May 2021 18: 46
    0
    The Fritzes reached Minsk 7 times faster than Paris.
  • zenion
    zenion 25 May 2021 18: 32
    0
    Now the Americans say that the doctors put Hitler on drugs and he made the wrong decisions, and that Hitler is not guilty of anything. In general, one of these historians wrote that Hitler made all decisions and plans regarding war and seizures when he was not yet on drugs. This was said when the screen was already closing.