Military Review

What surprises will NATO present at the new stage in the modernization of the 300-mm 9M544 rockets of the Tornado-S system

50

Photo: facebook.com/GeneralStaff.u


In several of our previous military-analytical reviews, we repeatedly returned to a detailed analysis of a number of operational and tactical advantages that became available to the rocket artillery divisions (ReADn) of the Russian Missile Forces and artillery, thanks to the acquisition of operational combat readiness by promising long-range 300-mm guided missiles of the line 9M544 and 9M549 with their final integration into the ammunition load of the latest high-precision MLRS "Tornado-S".

Equipping high-precision MLRS "Tornado-S" with promising long-range missiles of the 9M544 / 549 family put an end to the issue of Russian missile defense and artillery domination over the rocket artillery battalions of NATO ground forces, which have MLRS and HIMARS MLRS


In particular, the equipment, firstly, with the most modern control units 9B706.1, built on the basis of the strapdown inertial navigation systems (SINS) SN398M (having high-performance on-board computers BI616, as well as more high-precision sensors of angular velocity and linear acceleration), and secondly - blocks of advanced nasal aerodynamic rudders, provided promising guided missiles with the above indices with a 33% increase in the range in comparison with the earlier modification of the 9M528 adjustable missiles (120 versus 90 km, respectively).

The former made it possible to achieve the construction of a more optimal quasi-ballistic flight trajectory with a predominant stratospheric segment (apogee height of about 30–35 km) in its marching section, where the extremely rarefied atmosphere (about 0,01–0,008 bar) made it possible to achieve a multiple reduction in aerodynamic drag and, accordingly, ballistic braking of improved 9M544 / 549 missiles with a total increase in flight range.

The blocks of advanced nasal aerodynamic rudders significantly increased the aerodynamic quality of the new Tula products through the implementation of the effect of additional "subplanning", which has proven itself in the aerodynamic configuration of the "load-bearing body" type of American 227-mm guided missiles of the M30A1 GMLRS and M31A1 "Unitary" line, integrated into ammunition sets for promising high-precision MLRS M270 MLRS and M142 HIMARS and with a range of 75-90 km.

Thus, equipping the Tornado-S high-precision MLRS with advanced 9M544 / 549 URSs provided the rocket artillery battalions of the Russian MFA with the opportunity to dominate in hypothetical counter-battery missile and artillery "duels" in the European theater of operations with American, Polish and / or Romanian missile launchers, MLRS and HIMARS.

An improved version of the 9M544 / 549 URS will retain its effectiveness and increase the accuracy of the Tornado-S MLRS even in a critical jamming environment


Meanwhile, just a few days earlier, the RIA News", With reference to a competent source in the military-industrial complex of Russia in general and NPO Splav in particular, announced the start of research and development work as part of the modernization program for the guidance system of guided missiles of the 9M544 / 549 family, which consists in designing and retrofitting with multispectral optoelectronic homing heads, in addition to the above described inertial navigation units and GLONASS modules.

Promising products should be represented by TV sensors based on CCD / CMOS-matrix photodetectors, medium- / long-wave (3-5 and 8-14 microns, respectively) infrared matrix photodetectors, as well as optical-electronic sensors of the "laser spot" (representing the receiving path semi-active laser guidance channel).

Large-scale production and equipping 9M544 / 549 shells with these homing heads will provide divisions of the 9K515 Tornado-S MLRS with a number of the following operational and tactical advantages.

Firstly, this is a several times higher level of noise immunity and maintaining the proper efficiency of use in a complex jamming environment, due to the intensive use by the enemy of electronic warfare systems operating in the frequency range from 1227,6 to 1575,42 MHz (L-range of decimeter waves) and carrying out suppression of GPS guidance receivers, also integrated into the element base of the improved version of 9M544 / 549 projectiles.

It should be noted that the above-mentioned American 227-mm guided missiles of the M30A1 GMLRS and M31A1 "Unitary" families, equipped only with INS and GPS guidance subsystems, are vulnerable to similar domestic ground-based electronic warfare systems (Zhitel and Diabazol).

Secondly, this is an order of magnitude higher accuracy, reflected in the coefficient of circular probable deviation (CEP), which for promising Tula shells will be about 1 m, while the CEP of URS 9M544 / 549 is only 7-15 m, which is due to the accuracy limitations of the GLONASS radio navigation system and 9B706.1 inertial navigation units.

And finally, thirdly, this is the minimum CEP in the course of Tornado-S operation against moving and maneuvering single and group surface targets, which is due to the instant loading of updated target coordinates from the on-board computer of the multispectral OELGSN into the control system of aerodynamic rudders of promising rockets and cannot be implemented through the GLONASS guidance subsystem.
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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 18 May 2021 05: 46
    +2
    Eugene, it is possible to reduce aerodynamic drag many times over only if your rocket goes above the Karman line, and at the same time it is shielded by a plasma cocoon that completely covers the rocket. And then, it can only be effective in near space. In dense layers of the atmosphere, the problem of finding a target is solved by raising an advanced radar to a great height. Perhaps even installing AFAR on a heavy drone. Finding a rocket in the atmosphere is a question of your technical abilities, for the physics of a moving target, its effect on the atmosphere has not been canceled.
    1. Maz
      Maz 18 May 2021 20: 59
      +2
      On the other hand. Then it turns out that we have a shitty cloud of old ammunition in our warehouses, which can be sold, transferred and used for personnel training, can be sent to Syria, for example. What is good.
    2. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 19 May 2021 18: 43
      +1
      Oh really? The air density drops already at several kilometers of altitude in the mountains.
  2. riwas
    riwas 18 May 2021 06: 03
    +3
    We need shells with anti-radar seeker and cluster shells with submunitions with combined seeker (IR sensor + millimeter-wave radar) to combat enemy equipment and counter-battery warfare.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 19 May 2021 09: 01
      0
      In old missiles there is cluster munition with self-aiming AT munitions ...... Anti radar missiles were on the TochkaU ..... If they took up this, I think they will.
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 18 May 2021 06: 09
    +13
    From one title, you can determine that the author is DamantseV.
    Those who are not the first year on VO - those are no longer "led" by the abundance of codes and numbers, as well as loud words: "surprises", "answer" and so on.
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 18 May 2021 06: 21
      +11
      Igor, hi Damantsev is obliged to keep the resource in suspense, otherwise tomorrow there is a war, and we "do not know"! laughing
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 18 May 2021 06: 36
        +10
        So, with his "gibberish", the ignorant may not understand that this is a signal of the beginning of a war!
        "... a surprise for the enemy may be that on the chronometer dial of the Luch factory, unlike the NATO electronic devices TN2A - Mk2, the arrows pointed to the numbers, after which a sound signal of the established order and frequency sounded. opened the logs with DSP labels .... "
        laughing
        1. Artyom Karagodin
          Artyom Karagodin 18 May 2021 09: 04
          +5
          Damn, masterfully just the style of Damantsev was parodied laughing laughing laughing ! Straight +++++++
  4. Old tanker
    Old tanker 18 May 2021 06: 36
    +8
    Ostap (Damantsev), as always, he absolutely does not understand what. And besides, he is disingenuous, choosing missiles with worse characteristics than ours for comparison from an adversary. And letting go of the available missiles with similar and, in terms of rekotory characteristics, superior to ours.
    Well, about the duel counter-battery fight of jet divisions - just hilarious. I just want to ask, what is he carrying, Karl? fool
    1. venik
      venik 18 May 2021 12: 23
      +7
      Quote: Old Tankman
      And besides, he is disingenuous, choosing missiles with worse characteristics than ours for comparison from an adversary.

      =======
      Yes, as it were, they are not quite right: the fact is that for NATO-military MLRS (namely MLRS) - the range of 70-90 km is really the maximum! Another thing is that on the same chassis and even launchers, compact, high-precision OTRK with missiles equipped with seeker and having a range of 300 to 500 km can be installed. True, in this case, instead of 6 PCs (HIMARS) and 12 PCs (MLRS), 2 controlled OTRs each ..... Somewhere like that ...
      PS We just approached such a situation to draw a clear line: where "end"MLRS and where "begin"OTRK is already difficult enough! request hi
      1. Old tanker
        Old tanker 18 May 2021 18: 21
        +1
        Another thing is that on the same chassis and even launchers, compact, high-precision OTRK with missiles equipped with seeker and having a range of 300 to 500 km can be installed.


        In the near future, it is expected to start operating the GMLRS-ER missiles - 227mm products with a range of up to 150 km.

        And yes, MLRS and OTR in one bottle, you must agree, a better and more flexible option than a separate Smerch, a separate Iskander.
        1. venik
          venik 18 May 2021 21: 54
          +2
          Quote: Old Tankman
          And yes MLRS and OTR in one bottle, you must agree, a better and more flexible option than separately Tornado, separately Iskander

          =======
          And this is another question (and the question is INTERESTING) - is it better ????
        2. bk316
          bk316 19 May 2021 13: 34
          +1
          And yes, MLRS and OTR in one bottle, you must agree, a better and more flexible option than a separate Smerch, a separate Iskander.

          Not a fact at all. It's like an interceptor fighter and a supremacy fighter in one bottle. The chassis is certainly good to unify, and even that is not a fact, but the PU ...
          You just continue your thought and get that yars are good to unify with hail ...
      2. Bogalex
        Bogalex 18 May 2021 21: 18
        +3
        Is this really so? On the chassis, yes. But on the launcher ... Is there somewhere authoritative evidence that to use the ATACMS tactical missiles on the M270 MLRS launcher, it is enough to simply reload the package?
        In any case, as far as I remember the relevant lectures, the composition of the machines (control, support, etc.) in the batteries of the MLRS and OTRK among the Americans is noticeably different ...
        1. Old tanker
          Old tanker 19 May 2021 06: 34
          +1
          And as far as I remember the lectures, the only difference is in the equipment of the transport-loading machines. Which is natural. The control machine was just upgraded to use ATACMS with their appearance, which is also natural.
      3. Cananecat
        Cananecat 19 May 2021 14: 22
        0
        Quote: venik
        PS We just came to such a situation that it is already quite difficult to draw a clear line: where the MLRS "end" and where the OTRK "begin"!

        In my opinion, the line runs where there is no possibility of installing nuclear warheads in the warhead.
    2. venik
      venik 18 May 2021 12: 42
      +3
      Quote: Old Tankman
      Well, about the duel counter-battery fight of jet divisions - just hilarious. I just want to ask, what is he carrying, Karl?

      =======
      But since the mid-80s, in the process of topographic location and data generation for firing, as well as in reducing the CEP, as well as in reconnaissance means (both artillery and air), there has been very serious progress, Don’t you?
      And in this way, if in relation to "Tornado" - yes, probably "laughing" ..... then in relation to "Tornado-S", I would not rush to "laugh"! Yes, about the "duel" - funny, but about the "counter-battery" - not very ... hi
      1. dauria
        dauria 18 May 2021 16: 26
        +3
        then in relation to "Tornado-S", I would not rush to "laugh"!


        The question remains - why such systems are still called
        salvo? With such a seeker, which did not even dream of in the 80s, even the Kh-29T (l) bullet in one gulp? What is it like ? Write several targets in different areas at once and start up? Or in one square, let the first raise the dust to heaven, and the rest get lost in it?
        Laughter is laughter, and an ordinary fab-250 raises dust, in which half a village cannot be seen from above ..
        1. venik
          venik 18 May 2021 21: 49
          +1
          Quote: dauria
          The question remains - why are such systems still called salvo systems?

          ======
          Perhaps because they can conduct salvo firing with conventional RS-s, or they can "selectively" hit "point" targets.
          1. dauria
            dauria 18 May 2021 22: 55
            0
            salvo fire with conventional RS-s


            Perhaps so. Regular, with an inertial and Glonas head, a volley will do. However, if there are rudders, a drive for these rudders, an inertial autopilot, then the TV coordinator will not add much to the price. So I think they will not save. Interestingly, they have coordinates before the launch, how do they start? Ideally, it would be done wirelessly.
            1. venik
              venik 19 May 2021 12: 24
              0
              Quote: dauria
              However, if there are rudders, a drive for these rudders, an inertial autopilot, then the TV coordinator will not add much to the price.

              =======
              In-in! All this together "rudders, drive of these rudders, inertial autopilot, television coordinator" yes + satellite navigation system + on-board computer + other "tripe" and bring the cost of the rocket to the cost of a full salvo of "conventional" RS ... request
              Quote: dauria
              Interestingly, they have coordinates before the launch, how do they start? Ideally, it would be done wirelessly.

              =======
              How else? request what Of course - wireless!

              These are the "boxes" at the muzzle of the guides (red arrows) - and there are non-contact programmers (devices for entering flight parameters) induction type
              1. dauria
                dauria 19 May 2021 12: 50
                0
                These are the "boxes" at the muzzle of the guides - and there are programmers


                Thanks for the info. I imagined something more compact. There is a radio module inside the head, and on a radio channel from a neighboring pub, such as a TV remote control. It is better for the operator to stay away from the position from sin.
                Moreover, even consumer goods from China already with digital two-way communication protocols at 2 GHz, 127 channels and guaranteed 200 m in the city through reinforced concrete houses are just a figurine weighing a couple of grams.
                1. venik
                  venik 19 May 2021 13: 12
                  0
                  Quote: dauria
                  I imagined something more compact. There is a radio module inside the head, and on a radio channel from a neighboring pub, such as a TV remote control. It is better for the operator to stay away from the position from sin.

                  ========
                  I will not say about "Tornado-S", but in "Tornado-G" (here is a bad idea to give completely different systems the same names, although this is explained by similar systems of information exchange and target designation) - there seems to be a method of "remote control" (that like a bulky laptop). Cumbersome, because in all countries military electronics are much more than civilian counterparts, which is explained by much higher requirements for vibration and shock resistance, dust and moisture resistance, resistance to temperature extremes and electromagnetic radiation, etc. etc. Such a remote control allows the operator to control the operation of the BM remotely via a closed radio channel or fiber-optic cable.
                  1. dauria
                    dauria 19 May 2021 13: 25
                    +1
                    remotely over a closed radio channel or fiber-optic cable.


                    Okay. We seem to be keeping up. One fear is not to spawn a ragtag. It's too tempting to sculpt your own without looking at others. Old and new hardware must be adjusted to a single hardware and software standard. Down to pinout of connectors and protocols. So that if something happens, at least through the driver, the new remote control can "negotiate" even with the old shells, even with a smart bomb suspended from poverty even on the "corn plant".
      2. Old tanker
        Old tanker 18 May 2021 18: 13
        +2
        It's not about the accuracy of hitting targets and KVO, but the fact that such powerful and long-range systems as Tornado and MLRS, HIMARS are rarely used by batteries. Especially with the adversary. In addition, their salvo is fleeting and until a response from a similar long-range system arrives, they will leave the position.
        So what to write about the advantages of one system over another in a duel counter-battery fight is just stupidity.
        You can still talk about a preemptive strike, but not as a counter-battery duel.
        1. venik
          venik 18 May 2021 21: 52
          0
          Quote: Old Tankman
          It's not about the accuracy of hitting targets and KVO, but the fact that such powerful and long-range systems as Tornado and MLRS, HIMARS are rarely used by batteries. Especially with the adversary. In addition, their salvo is fleeting and until a response from a similar long-range system arrives, they will leave the position.

          ========
          Generally speaking about "counter-battery" shooting - I meant as targets not specifically MLRS or HIMARS, but ANY artillery batteries (towed or self-propelled) ...
          1. Old tanker
            Old tanker 19 May 2021 06: 36
            0
            And I was talking about a specific phrase written by Comrade Damantsev about the counter-battery fight between our MLRS and MLRS.
    3. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 19 May 2021 18: 41
      0
      Well, if it's so funny, then it won't hurt you to get acquainted with the information on Donbass, where such a duel took place at the Grad installations, ours won.
  5. Undecim
    Undecim 18 May 2021 07: 48
    +6
    Another panegyric from Damantsev, as always abundantly equipped with terms and abbreviations, often unprecedented, invented by the author himself, such as "operational combat readiness."
    But the author forgot to mention the development by a potential adversary of a guided missile GMLRS-ER for MLRS MLRS and HIMARS with a range of 150 km.
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 18 May 2021 09: 18
      +2
      I get the feeling that Domantsev is just joking. Deliberately writes the same articles, exaggerating the number of terms, abbreviations and complex phrases
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 18 May 2021 10: 07
        +6
        He simply does not have access to any information other than the one on the network, special knowledge too, and he wants to be an "expert". Here he gives the "publications" an expert look with verbiage.
        It is clear that not a single serious publication will publish it.
  6. Phoenix
    Phoenix 18 May 2021 08: 04
    +2
    From the "operational-tactical" merits, I got uncontrollable fun
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 18 May 2021 09: 21
      +1
      Quote: Phoenix
      From the "operational-tactical" merits, I got uncontrollable fun

      What does it mean? Uncontrolled fun? Do you recommend wearing a diaper before reading Damantsev's article? what
  7. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 18 May 2021 10: 05
    +11
    Why don't you like Damantsev? In vain! Over the years at VO, Damantsev has become one of the symbols of VO, as one of the Olympic mascots at the Sochi Olympics! VO and Eugene have become inseparable, like Masha and the Bear! VO readers are used to it, as Soviet children are used to a teddy bear, baby doll, crocodile Gena and Tumbler!

    Well, it happens that some comrades criticize Zhenya! But is this a reason to turn away from him? No. Do parents turn away from a cerebral palsy patient, Down, autism, but a beloved child? We speak VO and remember Damantsev! We speak Damantsev and remember VO! Don't deprive me of Damantsev! crying
  8. Ka-52
    Ka-52 18 May 2021 12: 46
    +10
    12 comments with "blablabla, this is Damantsev, blablabla" and all only 2 with substantive discussion. Perhaps it is easy and simple - to write "This is Damantsev, hahaha". But what I specifically disagree with is that the commentators do not agree with it. When I disagree with the author, I write in what specifically.
    By the way, we, on VO, come across articles by some authors in which spheroconins and monipulations with a globe by means of an owl are orders of magnitude larger. But they are met with amicable approving commentatorial hubbub, therefore they are served ideologically correctly. Hmmm ...
    1. CastroRuiz
      CastroRuiz 18 May 2021 13: 44
      +1
      I agree and support.
    2. venik
      venik 18 May 2021 15: 48
      +4
      Quote: Ka-52
      12 comments with "blablabla, this is Damantsev, blablabla" and all only 2 with substantive discussion.

      =======
      good I agree! Instead of amicably "joking" over the author and his manner of writing (by the way, by the way, I'm not too fond of her), isn't it better to specifically figure out WHAT EXACTLY is in the article? correctlyand what - no! ?? request
  9. Serpet
    Serpet 18 May 2021 14: 11
    +21
    NPO Splav, in particular, announced the start of research and development work ... Promising products should be represented by TV sensors ..

    It's about the future. Now there is no point in discussing anything - products are just beginning to be developed.
    1. venik
      venik 18 May 2021 15: 52
      +1
      Quote: Serpet
      It's about the future. Now there is no point in discussing anything - products are just beginning to be developed.

      ========
      I don't quite agree. And where, then, is the place for assumptions, predictions, guesses? Without this, the forum will lose a lot and can turn into a simple listing of common truths! In addition, the specifics of the site - not all information (especially about the latest technology) can be brought to the public!
  10. Herman 4223
    Herman 4223 18 May 2021 15: 25
    +1
    In short, new heads for RZO.
    That's good, but how did the rudders increase the range by 33%?
    Maybe not rudders, but horizontal tail or something like that?
    Although what plumage does a ballistic missile have?
  11. Gust
    Gust 18 May 2021 15: 46
    +1
    So what are we being shy about ?? We will launch two-stage ramjet projectiles into development. Range immediately 200-250, flat trajectory, maneuver on the trajectory. Afigli, GOS has already grown wiser;))
  12. xorek
    xorek 18 May 2021 18: 20
    +1
    What surprises NATO will present

    So everything is great, but NATO is the USA in fact And there will be effective surprises only near their continent .. And so Europe for the USA has always been cannon fodder .. So if all this, somewhere near their borders to place .. That would be a surprise would be .. Remember the Cuban missile crisis? They immediately became polite to the point of diarrhea ..
  13. Prizr
    Prizr 19 May 2021 01: 25
    -1
    Rudders, rudders for dill, even besides rudders, there are already nasal engines))) There was an article I was upset even then, and then rudders again ...
    1. agond
      agond 19 May 2021 15: 05
      +1
      Any sane non-military man understands like twice two that ground-based multiple launch rocket systems should have long ago been transferred to a mortar start, this will dramatically increase the range, especially the Grad or Tornado rocket and so starts from the guide pipe, (put the package with pipes vertically on the ground and shoot) however, what is apparently ignored by the non-military by those who need to know it ..
      By the way, to the military note, it is not necessary to launch MANPADS from the shoulder, you are not riding a horse or a donkey, and you do not even run from a MANPADS but an attack, the operator stands and looks through the eyepiece, it would be wiser for him to lie in the trench and look at the screen, and the rocket would be on the sidelines, or even better if it would lie the same, for this you will have to equip it with a remote lift, so it will be safer for the operator and the rocket will be safer, and the height of hitting air targets will increase by at least 0.5 km.
      1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
        Sergey Aleksandrovich 19 May 2021 18: 49
        0
        The MANPADS missile on the sidelines must stand on something. And what it should stand on must be carried by someone. And also, aerial targets love to move in space and someone will need to rotate the installation. So, the rationalization proposal for a tripod for MANPADS is still a straight road to scrap.
        1. agond
          agond 19 May 2021 20: 38
          0
          quote = Sergey Aleksandrovich] And also, aerial targets like to move in space and someone will need to rotate the installation. [/ quote]
          1 operator has a very limited angular rate of rotation of his body with MANPADS on his shoulder in the azimuth of the target
          2 how long can an operator be on high alert while holding a Verba weighing 17 kg on his shoulder, two minutes three, and then?
          3 standing operator with MANPADS is a fairly noticeable target
          So it would be nice
          Separate the sight of the complex from the container with the rocket, and the container itself must be supplemented with a simple device for its automatic lifting from a lying position on the ground in the bushes to a standing position on the ground in the bushes.
          2 the scope of the complex must be installed on a tripod, on a shovel handle, on a neighboring tree (you need to select it on the spot)
          As a result, the operator lies in the trench, looks at the computer screen, the container with the rocket lies in the bushes, the sight is fixed to the tree, all together connects the cable, when a target is detected on the computer screen, the operator selects it, then the computer calculates the target parameters and sends the command to attack , on the container, which immediately goes into a vertical position, since the rocket launches vertically, there is no need to rotate the container in the azimuth of the target, approximately as in the S-300
  14. Torukmakto
    Torukmakto 20 May 2021 01: 41
    0
    Quote: agond
    should have been transferred to a mortar start long ago, this would dramatically increase the range

    How exactly will a mortar launch without changes in the missile itself "dramatically increase" the range?
    1. agond
      agond 20 May 2021 08: 16
      0
      The advantages of a mortar launch over a conventional gas-dynamic launch are fuel (gunpowder) savings at the time of launch.
  15. Alien ...
    Alien ... 22 May 2021 02: 00
    0
    Seems to me that development UAV-kamikaze will bury the MLRS. Especially large-caliber ... Especially flying at 35-km altitude ...