Military Review

Hijacking a German Heinkel bomber and evading pursuit: an interview with Mikhail Devyatayev

35

Thanks to domestic cinema, many Russians learned the name of the famous Soviet pilot Mikhail Devyatayev. For obvious reasons, the more time has passed since the end of the Great Patriotic War, the less people know the names of the heroes. It is precisely in order for the memory of such people to live for a long time, and there is art, including cinematic.


However, the film is a film, but it is much more interesting to learn about Mikhail Devyatayev from himself. And such an opportunity today is given by the publication of an interview on the BUSINESS Online YouTube channel. This is the last big interview with Mikhail Petrovich Devyatayev, Hero of the Soviet Union, a unique pilot who escaped from a German concentration camp in a hijacked bomber.

The interview was recorded in 2002, but saw the light only in 2015. Today, in connection with the release of a feature film, it can be considered especially relevant.

In his interview, Mikhail Petrovich talks about his imprisonment in a Nazi concentration camp, about how he came up with the idea of ​​escaping by plane. In the story of Mikhail Devyatayev, it is reported what had to be done so that the Heinkel He 111 H-22, which did not have a battery, eventually took to the sky and how he managed to circle the camp guards by hijacking a German bomber, and how he managed to get away from pursuit by fighters.

35 comments
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  1. Vovk
    Vovk 12 May 2021 14: 12
    +17
    The feat of Devyatayev and his comrades is immortal!
    1. Finches
      Finches 12 May 2021 14: 17
      +2
      Yes! There were people in our [their] time, not like the current tribe ...
      1. Sandor Clegane
        Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 14: 31
        +11
        Quote: Finches
        Yes! There were people in our [their] time, not like the current tribe ...

        but how was silt 76 stolen? and was also captured ... our tribe ...
        1. nnm
          nnm 12 May 2021 14: 49
          +13
          Do not forget that Il was piloted by his own crew, and Devyatayev had never even piloted such a class of multi-engine technology before that flight.
          But in the main you are right - there are worthy children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of the heroes of that war.
          And the guys in Chechnya proved it, and Nurbagandov, and in Syria, and there are many of them. It's just not customary to talk about them in the media.
          1. Sandor Clegane
            Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 15: 06
            +4
            Quote: nnm
            Do not forget that Il was piloted by his own crew, and Devyatayev had never even piloted such a class of multi-engine technology before that flight.

            and did not even try, I read a book about Devyatayev in 1988, and by the way the film with the book diverges a little, but in general, a human being with a huge letter, I'm trying to force my son to read about him right now, I think we will find such a book in the library, sorry I don’t remember the name
            1. nnm
              nnm 12 May 2021 15: 34
              +9
              "Escape from Hell" by Mikhail Devyatayev and "The Motherland Calls" by Ivan Krivonogov.
              1. Sandor Clegane
                Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 15: 35
                +4
                Quote: nnm
                "Escape from Hell" by Mikhail Devyatayev and "The Motherland Calls" by Ivan Krivonogov.

                thank you
                1. Nikolai Miracles
                  Nikolai Miracles 14 May 2021 06: 13
                  0
                  Unfortunately I have not read it. Was there about the Sachsenhausen underground? This is a 1963 film, the author of the offscreen text Sergei Smirnov, the author of the book "Brest Fortress". Camp in Peenemünde branch of Sachsenhausen. Devyatayev arrived there under a false name, as a school teacher from Kiev Nikitenko. According to the documentary, one gets the impression that Krivonogov might have known in advance about Devyatayev, and his transfer to Peenemünde was not accidental. The film shows the work of an underground radio station in Sachsenhausen, which the Gestapo could not find. https://youtu.be/UApWM5_TeYk?t=991
              2. Nikolai Miracles
                Nikolai Miracles 16 May 2021 05: 41
                0
                Unfortunately I have not read it. Was there about the Sachsenhausen underground? This is a 1963 film, the author of the offscreen text Sergei Smirnov, the author of the book "Brest Fortress". Camp in Peenemünde branch of Sachsenhausen. Devyatayev arrived there under a false name, as a school teacher from Kiev Nikitenko. According to the documentary, one gets the impression that Krivonogov might have known in advance about Devyatayev, and his transfer to Peenemünde was not accidental. The film shows the work of an underground radio station in Sachsenhausen, which the Gestapo could not find. https://youtu.be/UApWM5_TeYk?t=991
            2. Blacksmith 55
              Blacksmith 55 12 May 2021 15: 38
              +4
              There are two books, Flight to the Sun, and Escape from Hell.
              Both were written according to my information by Devyatayev himself.
              I cannot say that you have read this.
              I would be glad if other readers read it too.
              1. Sandor Clegane
                Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 15: 54
                +1
                Quote: Blacksmith 55
                I cannot claim that you read this

                ? why are you writing this? I read at about 17 or 18 years old, I then read a lot about the war, and the fact that the book does not coincide with the film, I have not watched the movie except for the trailer and reviews, so you shouldn't be so oh, how in vain
                1. Blacksmith 55
                  Blacksmith 55 12 May 2021 17: 25
                  +3
                  I meant that maybe you read these, or another book. I can't know WHAT you read. In my youth I read a lot, the librarian did not already know what to offer.
                  1. Sandor Clegane
                    Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 18: 10
                    +1
                    Quote: Blacksmith 55
                    the librarian did not already know what to offer.

                    drinks hi
              2. Comrade
                Comrade 14 May 2021 02: 34
                +1
                Sorry to interfere, but there is another book written by M. Devyatayev in collaboration with the writer A. Khorunzhim.
                "Escape from Usedom Island".
                It was published in the Ukrainian SSR in the Ukrainian language, I read it as a schoolboy in the 1970s, only the cover there was different.

                Written very well, it tells a lot about the life of our prisoners of war. One day, the inmates managed to drain some alcohol from the fuel tank, which was used to fly experimental rockets to drink. The rocket took off, ran out of fuel and soon fell into the sea, a few kilometers from the island.
              3. Nikolai Miracles
                Nikolai Miracles 16 May 2021 05: 41
                0
                Unfortunately I have not read it. Was there about the Sachsenhausen underground? This is a 1963 film, the author of the offscreen text Sergei Smirnov, the author of the book "Brest Fortress". Camp in Peenemünde branch of Sachsenhausen. Devyatayev arrived there under a false name, as a school teacher from Kiev Nikitenko. According to the documentary, one gets the impression that Krivonogov might have known in advance about Devyatayev, and his transfer to Peenemünde was not accidental. The film shows the work of an underground radio station in Sachsenhausen, which the Gestapo could not find. https://youtu.be/UApWM5_TeYk?t=991
            3. Petrograd
              Petrograd 14 May 2021 18: 43
              0
              There was such a book with a description of this, it was called "Soviet pilots in battles for their homeland" can you find on the Internet hi
      2. Okolotochny
        Okolotochny 13 May 2021 09: 05
        +6
        Yes! There were people in our [their] time, not like the current tribe ...


        Well, yes, now there are no Heroes, the fire in Palmyra does not call itself upon itself, "For Boys" does not undermine itself with a grenade, "Work, Brothers" does not call under the barrel of the machine gun, the corvettes do not name them by their names.
  2. Torins
    Torins 12 May 2021 14: 41
    +7
    The film came out at the level of excrement (I'm not talking about an interview, but about an artistic vyser, which was shown in the cinema by May 9). When will we begin to glorify real feats, and not under their sauce smear the USSR, especially for the money of state sponsors? In recent years, only the "cadets" have liked it.
    1. Sandor Clegane
      Sandor Clegane 12 May 2021 15: 06
      +3
      Quote: Torins
      In recent years, only the "cadets" have liked it.


      + dzhulbars and all ((
      1. Torins
        Torins 12 May 2021 16: 18
        +2
        It seems to me that this problem can be solved only by putting Mikhalkov, Bandorchuk and company against the wall for anti-state activities and mockery of history.
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 12 May 2021 20: 55
      -1
      And "Zoya"? As for me, it is worth watching.
      But the rest, low-budget, on the sklru hand "banged" to the Victory Day - yes .... Complete failure and shame.
    3. usr01
      usr01 13 May 2021 09: 05
      +1
      ... I liked the "cadets" .... but I looked at something for about 5 minutes (when a car with ammunition (!) "exploded" on the road - it let Chinese firecrackers, and ... remained practically intact), spat, swore, and wiped it off. Maybe it's true not to pay attention to the little things ...
    4. Hagen
      Hagen 16 May 2021 18: 31
      -3
      Quote: Torins
      and not smear the USSR under their sauce,

      And what in the film did the USSR get fucked up? It should be borne in mind that the film is fiction, and in details it may have some deviations from the story. Using historical fact, the author of the film showed that in a critical situation there is a choice of how to continue to live. One option is betrayal with a soft roll and morning coffee, and the other is a path of honor, painful, full of hardship and mortal danger. And in the film, the hero, like the real Mikhail Petrovich Devyatayev, chose a difficult but honest path. Actually, this is what the film is about. I did not see anti-Sovietism in him. There are some rough edges, but the idea itself is quite decent. I took my grown-up daughter to see the film. Then we discussed for a long time .... In general, I was satisfied. Both the film and the child's interest. By the way, in reality, all those who were in captivity went through filtration camps. And I must say that these measures protected the interests of the state. Today we know how this escape was prepared and carried out. And then under the guise of those released from camps, prisons and hard labor, sometimes the traitors tried to leak back, and the enemy agents. Such was the time, they did not take their word for it, and, as subsequent events said, they did the right thing. Almost 3% of those who passed these test-filtration camps were transferred to the NKVD and convicted of various crimes. And there is no lie that threats to be convicted by their own after captivity served as one of the motivations used by the Nazis to recruit soldiers into the ROA.
      1. Torins
        Torins 16 May 2021 18: 52
        0
        This film is a complete lie, starting with a non-existent order, on which the philosophy of "choice" is based, and ending with a lie about prison camps, etc.
        1. Hagen
          Hagen 16 May 2021 19: 05
          0
          Quote: Torins
          This movie is a complete lie, starting with a non-existent order.

          You do not know about the presence of the order of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command of the Red Army No. 270, dated August 16, 1941? It is pointless to deny it. Moreover, he was quite timely and solved the tasks assigned to him. And there were testing and filtration camps, through which everyone who was under the occupier or in captivity passed. These are objective facts that must be known and understood. In one form or another, all this was in every belligerent country. Because this is an urgent need to ensure the security of a belligerent state. Despite the fact that this does not in the least detract from the exploits of our compatriots who went through captivity and did not stain themselves with betrayal. But there were others, and this also needs to be known and correctly evaluated. As well as measures against such.
          1. Torins
            Torins 16 May 2021 19: 32
            0
            The filtration camps are not a gulag, but in the film they put an equal sign between them, and what was in the film was not in this order. Even the further fate of the protagonist is blatantly distorted.
            1. Hagen
              Hagen 16 May 2021 20: 00
              -1
              Quote: Torins
              and in the film, an equal sign is put between them, and what was in the film was not in this order

              And who in the film talks about the Gulag and the order? Name the person. Isn't that the person involved who suggested going to the other side? And then, there was a difference between the Gulag and the PFL, but is it really important for the film. By the way, 3% of the PFL who did not pass the check ended up in the GULAG ...
              Quote: Torins
              Even the further fate of the protagonist is blatantly distorted.

              What exactly? That it was difficult for him to get a job? Or the time that the Hero spent in the PFL? So he himself in the published interviews does not say everything about this, and some of his statements about his service are not confirmed in his Criminal Procedure Code. Which, in part, is also quite natural. You won't find in his interview that part of his life that he studied in the intelligence department of the General Staff after being wounded? The story of the life and service of the Hero is still waiting for its explorer. There is something to look for.
              1. Torins
                Torins 16 May 2021 20: 29
                0
                He served as the captain of the "Meteor" - the most advanced hydrofoil in the world, he was reinstated in rank and service, all awards were returned, he served in the Air Force for another year and a half after returning from captivity, and in the film he was in camps, without work, contempt. This is a lie that the director deliberately made and cannot put up with!
                1. Nikolai Miracles
                  Nikolai Miracles 17 May 2021 05: 24
                  0
                  Whose lie is this? https://youtu.be/U7hj8K8LaxU?t=1237
                2. Hagen
                  Hagen 17 May 2021 07: 12
                  0
                  Quote: Torins
                  and in the film it is in the camps, without work, contempt.

                  Not contempt, but wariness and, perhaps, some alienation. The time was like that ... Today, in peacetime, you are ready to "kiss the gums" and open your vest. And then the exploits of the soldiers on the battlefield and the betrayal of some part of the population living in the occupied territory were fresh in the memory. And the tacit pressure of the state cannot be ignored. Or do you want a lacquered story with no question marks? It was already ... Then, when opening some part of the archives and removing "editorial corrections" to us, the state, it got out sideways. You can't lie to yourself. The story must be perceived in a full palette of colors. Not sprinkling ashes on my head, but with the greatest possible objectivity. It is not for nothing that there is a saying among our people - a small lie gives rise to great distrust.
                  1. Alexander Kolotushkin
                    Alexander Kolotushkin 31 May 2021 20: 36
                    0
                    -Correctly written.
              2. Nikolai Miracles
                Nikolai Miracles 17 May 2021 05: 20
                0
                Sergei Smirnov, author of the book "The Brest Fortress", wrote offscreen text to doc. the film "Harsh Memory" in 1963. There is a hint of a reconnaissance operation there. See the snippet at the link in full. The answer lies in the underground workers of the Sachsenhausen camp, whose branch was the camp in Peenemünde. https://youtu.be/UApWM5_TeYk?t=991
  3. Rita Aletdinova 1999
    Rita Aletdinova 1999 12 May 2021 16: 16
    +6
    He is the Great Hero of our Motherland! Rest in peace to Mikhail Devyatayev ...
  4. safar gafarov
    safar gafarov 14 May 2021 13: 47
    +3
    The film is bullshit full. Another anti-Soviet. The whole film of the hero is tormented by the question I will not get into the gulag for being in captivity. In short, the film is not about Devyatayev, but hell knows about whom
  5. Alexander Kolotushkin
    Alexander Kolotushkin 31 May 2021 20: 30
    0
    I think THIS WAS A FEAT. There are simply no other words.