Military Review

The death of the "Mermaid"

56
The death of the "Mermaid"

That now forgotten tragedy shook the Russian Empire no less than the destruction of the Kursk Russian Federation. A terrible event - in peacetime, a combat ship died with the entire crew. Not that this has not happened before - it happened: there was an explosion at the Plastun clipper in 1860, with 75 dead.


There was the death of the clipper "Oprichnik" in the Indian Ocean.

The Oprichnik left Batavia on Tuesday December 10, 1861 ... On leaving the Sunda Strait on the 12th, at 7 1/4 o'clock in the morning, the Oprichnik was visible under sail, but soon lost sight of it. We passed the Sunda Strait at night and headed for SW 45 ° and the first observation point was at noon at latitude 7 ° 58′S, longitude 101 ° 20'0 from Paris. The Russian ship was close and with a light wind kept more to the north. Since then he has not been seen again ... "

But that was really different. In the first case, there was an accident. Explosions of powder magazines are not uncommon in all countries of the world in the era of still young chemistry. In the second, the ocean is the ocean and, sadly, it always takes its toll.

The Rusalka died in the Gulf of Finland, without explosions or accidents.

Birth



After we lost the Crimean War, relations between Russia and Great Britain were on the brink. And the war between empires seemed inevitable to many. In Russia, reforms were in full swing, affecting literally all spheres of life. They also touched the Imperial fleet... Gone is the era of sailing ships, and the need to fight a much stronger enemy spurred the naval thought to an unprecedented height until that moment. There were two answers to the mistress of the seas: cruising squadrons of unarmored ships, which, according to the idea, were supposed to paralyze the sea trade of the British, and an armored squadron to cover the Gulf of Finland and the capital, St. Petersburg.

Monitors were taken as a sample - low-sided metal armored ships with a shallow draft, no seaworthiness, but with powerful protection and artillery. There was logic in all this - these combat units did not shine on ocean campaigns. Their business is to stop the British fleet and save the capital behind the minefields and with the support of the forts of Kronstadt. Neither seaworthiness nor driving performance is particularly important in this matter - armor and guns are paramount. Specifically, "Mermaid" and her twin sister "Enchantress" were laid down:

During the implementation of the "armored" program, the Maritime Admiralty on January 14, 1865 signed a contract with the contractor Kudryavtsev for the construction of two armored turret ships made of iron. The project was based on the project of a warship code "F" of the English company "Mitchell and Co.", completely revised by the engineers of the MTK. On May 29, 1865, on the stocks of Galerny Island, shipbuilders laid keels for the ships, which were later named "Mermaid" and "Enchantress", which caused a scandal on the part of the Orthodox Church, which, as a result, refused to consecrate ships with pagan names.

This scandal was rather from the realm of curiosities. Although there were those who believed that the name had killed the monitor. They are still there. Be that as it may, but in the spring of 1869, monitors classified as armored turret boats entered the ranks of the Baltic Fleet.

Service



What was the "Rusalka"?

The length of the ship was 62,9 meters, width - 12,8 meters, displacement - 1871 tons.
Speed ​​- 9 nodes.
The thickness of the armor is 115 millimeters.
The Rusalka had two rotating artillery towers with four 229mm cannons and four rapid-fire cannons.
Crew - 177 man.

It is worth adding to this - from the waterline to the upper deck about half a meter. A heavy target for artillery, but a potential victim of the storm. Although many monitors were built in the Baltic, and there were no particular problems with them. Within the Gulf of Finland and with proper operation, ships are quite suitable for their tasks.

And the tasks changed. The threat of an attack by the British fleet decreased, and after 1870 and the creation of the German Empire it became more virtual in size, and the fleet was constantly growing, replenishing with full-fledged seaworthy battleships and armored cruisers.

Monitors lost their combat value every year. And if under Butakov it was really a squadron and a school for future naval commanders, then by the end of the 80s a museum of exhibits turned out that were not suitable for battle, but still suitable for training recruits. Although in the plans for the war with Germany, monitors were taken into account. And even, to the fear of the adversary, they were classified as coastal defense battleships. In 1891 "Rusalka" underwent repairs with replacement of boilers. And the twenty-two-year-old ship continued its hard work of training sailors.

It is worth adding here - in those days there was no single approach to the service life of ships. On the one hand, along the hull, they could be in the ranks for 50-60 years. On the other hand, technical progress made warships hopeless old people in 5–10 years. In the Russian Empire, as now, the high authorities liked it when there were a lot of ships. This opened up ample opportunities for increasing funding, ranks, and simply consoled the soul. In the end, the peers of the "Rusalka" (and older armored batteries) will serve as battleships in the Russo-Japanese War. And sailors trained in outdated equipment will add a headache to their commanders. In the context of the tragedy of a particular "Mermaid", the fact that she remained in the ranks, having outlived her era, and became the first step towards her death.

Death



When you read materials from that era, and even modern researchers, it is difficult to understand what is in this stories more - sloppiness, unprofessionalism, or is it a coincidence?

Still, the ship was old, but reliable. The commander, 41-year-old Captain 2nd Rank Viktor Khristianovich Jenish, was a brilliant officer, practitioner and theorist of artillery, the author of a number of works. The crew also went to the area on several occasions and knew their ship.

Yes, and the transition was coming routine, just something from Revel to Helsinfors, and from there to Kronstadt. And the security measures seemed to have been thought out - the gunboat Tucha was supposed to follow the Rusalka. And then began something that is difficult to interpret.

On September 7, 1893, the ships went to sea:

1. Storm hatch covers were not accepted on the ship. For a modern battleship it is not critical, for a monitor it is a step towards disaster. With such a "high" deck, even of medium strength, the storm is a threat.

2. The ship left in troubled weather. Again, if it wasn't a monitor, nothing terrible would have happened. Something, but Russian sailors knew how to walk in the ocean, and in any weather. And here is not even an ocean, but the Baltic Sea, which has been trodden across.

3. The commander of the "Rusalka" was ill, he suffered from severe headaches. Despite this, he took his ship for the winter. And Admiral Burachek, knowing about this, did not forbid him. The logic of both is not difficult to understand: there were no experienced officers in reserve, and the transition, I repeat, was short and routine.

4. The excitement quickly escalated into a nine-point storm, dangerous even for large ships.

5. "Cloud" did not go with "Mermaid". More precisely - she went, but the seaworthy gunboat under the command of the captain of the 2nd rank Nikolai Mikhailovich Lushkov quickly overtook her fellow traveler and reached Gelsinfors on her own. In the report, Lushkov said nothing about the fate of the "Rusalka". In Soviet times, they wrote that his young wife was on board the Tucha, and he did not want to risk it.

6. Admiral Burachek did not raise the alarm until September 10, where the ship of his detachment was not interested. Meanwhile, even an old slow-moving armored boat, even in a storm, could go through a transition of 90 kilometers in a maximum of a day. And only when the boat with the corpse of the sailor was thrown ashore, the search began. Of course, at that time they were already meaningless.

So what happened?

It seems to me that at the beginning of the transition, the commander was twisted by another attack of illness, otherwise such an experienced sailor would have simply returned to Revel. And the "Mermaid", despite the storm, followed its course. The crew took refuge below, otherwise the only corpse found cannot be explained. When, 25 kilometers from Helsinfors, Ienish gave the order to return, the ship was covered with a wave, and it instantly sank to the bottom, with its nose about a third buried in the silt. 177 people died. There were no rescued.

"After that there will be a lot of lies about what happened."



In the fall of 1893, a large-scale search was organized, even a balloon was used. Wasted. In 1894, the search continued with the same result. Again, nothing. But there was a conclusion.

“Finding this battleship at sea is extremely difficult, just as it is difficult to find a needle in a large room or the head of a pin lost somewhere on the road. It is unthinkable to find the "mermaid" if supernatural happiness does not come to the rescue. "

He put an end to the search.

We must pay tribute - the families were taken care of, pensions were appointed. Donations were collected in the country, a memorial service was served. And 9 years later, a beautiful monument was erected in Reval. There was an investigation, and there was a trial. True, the punishments are surprising, to put it mildly. The admiral received a reprimand for clearly expressed negligence, which never once interfered with his career:

In 1894, Rear Admiral Burachek was elected chairman of the commission for the production of naval artillery experiments. In 1898 he was dismissed and promoted to the rank of vice admiral. After his resignation, Pavel Stepanovich lived with his family in St. Petersburg, was a member of the board of the Imperial Society for Rescue on Waters. In 1910 his book Notes on the Fleet was published, summarizing his thoughts and experience accumulated over the long years of service in the Navy. Pavel Stepanovich Burachek died in 1916 in St. Petersburg and was buried at the Smolensk cemetery.

And the commander of "Clouds" was made the last for everything and suspended from service for three years. Lushkov became the head of the Rostov port. But he had a sense of guilt. And he ended his life in the psychiatric ward of the naval hospital.

The Rusalka was gradually forgotten. Moreover, the Russo-Japanese, World War I and the Civil War overshadowed the old monitor and the old catastrophe. Again the topic surfaced in the 30s, but, rather, in the context of criticism of "rotten tsarism." It was alleged that the Soviet divers had found the ship. But there are no documents, there are memories.

And only in 2003, the ship was found by Estonians where it had lain for 110 years. Then everything that was suspected of the abyss of time was confirmed. And the picture of death became complete and complete. That for the remoteness of the years is of interest only to historians.

Summing up, it was the carelessness and violation of written and unwritten rules that led to the death of the ship.

And the inability to learn lessons had the consequence that this kind of catastrophe was not the last.

"Mermaid" was still lucky - the bad circus with the search for "English saboteurs" turned off. But the spies who blew up "Empress Maria" and "Novorossiysk" are still looking for. Just like the traces of some American nuclear submarine that sank the Kursk. Conspiracy studies are more interesting than searching for their mistakes and realizing the fact that the technique of deviations from the rules does not forgive.
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 17 May 2021 04: 31
    +18
    The sad page of the domestic fleet. A few years later, the tragedy repeated itself with the ramming battleship Gangut. Even today, the ocean takes away lives and ships. No wonder they say "the sea does not forgive mistakes."
    And here, what can I say, the founder of the "Monitor" type drowned due to the fault of the cook, who forgot to close the window.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 17 May 2021 04: 57
      +3
      When the ship goes to sea
      The sailors are looking at the shore
      What awaits their joy or sorrow
      And it is destined to come back.
      No one can own their destiny
      No one dares to predict
      Only the sea knows about it
      And the sea will be silent for a century.
      It knows how to hide secrets
      At the bottom of the sandy underwater
      And only the seagulls will cry
      About those who did not come home.
      It happened so many times
      But you can't turn us off the road,
      Sometimes to the last pier
      The path is long in life.
      Don't cry wife and bride
      The sea of ​​dispute is not over yet
      You just wait just believe
      And we will come to the last port.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Phil77
        Phil77 17 May 2021 18: 56
        +2
        Verse by Charles Baudelaire.

        1. Phil77
          Phil77 17 May 2021 19: 27
          +3
          Oh my fierce foe, okay me, but a poet ....?
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 17 May 2021 19: 53
            +1
            I just can't understand, okay, I'm sinful, but Baudelaire !!! A good poet and he * minus *? What a fierce you are.
            1. Shurik70
              Shurik70 18 May 2021 00: 28
              +1
              So was Hugo D'Esposito's admission in 2013 that it was Italian saboteurs who sank Novorossiysk.
              The death of so many sailors at the pier - yes, sloppiness is to blame. When the "Empress Maria" exploded, Admiral Kolchak personally supervised the rescue of the sailors, and, with the exception of those killed in the explosion, did not allow the death of a single sailor.
              But the undermining itself is a sabotage.
              So the author is in vain.
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 17 May 2021 06: 39
      +9
      I have not even heard of this tragedy. This is probably why it was interesting to read. Thanks to the author.
      1. Richard
        Richard 17 May 2021 06: 45
        +16
        photo of the monitor "Mermaid"








        1. Richard
          Richard 17 May 2021 06: 48
          +11
          here is a famous photo
          "Mermaid" at Sandvik Dock. Helsingfors, 1890
          1. Richard
            Richard 17 May 2021 06: 50
            +14
            Modern reconstruction of the death of the monitor "Rusalka"

      2. Richard
        Richard 17 May 2021 07: 11
        +12
        I liked the article. Thanks to the author
        I recommend to everyone who is interested in this topic
        1. Goldman I. "Mermaid". - Building, sailing, death and quest. - Tallinn: Eesti raamat, 1978
        2.Larionov L. V. The death of the "Mermaid" and its search // EPRON. Collection of articles on ship lifting, diving and rescue business. Issue III-V. - L .: Red Banner Expedition of Underwater Works of the USSR, 1934
        3. In the internet there is an interesting film "The Secret of the Mermaid" filmed by Estonian documentary filmmakers
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 17 May 2021 12: 40
          +3
          It was not shown in Estonia.
        2. Obliterator
          Obliterator 17 May 2021 21: 23
          +1
          Quote: Richard
          I liked the article. Thanks to the author
          I recommend to everyone who is interested in this topic
          1. Goldman I. "Mermaid". - Building, sailing, death and quest. - Tallinn: Eesti raamat, 1978
          2.Larionov L. V. The death of the "Mermaid" and its search // EPRON. Collection of articles on ship lifting, diving and rescue business. Issue III-V. - L .: Red Banner Expedition of Underwater Works of the USSR, 1934
          3. In the internet there is an interesting film "The Secret of the Mermaid" filmed by Estonian documentary filmmakers

          Here is another radio program dedicated to the shipwreck: https://radiomayak.ru/shows/episode/id/2240917/
    3. Richard
      Richard 17 May 2021 06: 57
      +14
      And only in 2003, the ship was found by Estonians where it had lain for 110 years.

      In 1932, divers of the Special Purpose Underwater Operations Expedition (EPRON), who were searching for submarine No. 1931 that sank in 9, reported the discovery of an unknown ship at the bottom of the hull. The fact that this ship is a "Mermaid" was reported in the article by L. V. Larionov "The death of the" Mermaid "and her search" and in the memoirs of the former head of EPRON NP Chiker [7]. I. Goldman, who studied the archives of the expedition to search for submarine No. 9, kept in the Central State Archives of the USSR Navy, did not find any messages about the discovery of the battleship "Rusalka" in 1932. link: Larionov L. V. The death of the "Mermaid" and its search // EPRON. Collection of articles on ship lifting, diving and rescue business. Issue III-V. - L .: Red Banner Expedition of Underwater Works of the USSR, 1934. - P. 202.
      At the same time, KD Zolotovsky (military sailor, diver, participant of the Great Patriotic War, writer), who worked in EPRON in the 30s, in the children's collection of stories "Blanket Fish" (the story "Nine") quite accurately indicates depth and position of the vessel:
      “... Seventy-seven meters.
      “I'm on the ground,” the diver reported. - I'm looking around. Vessel. Lies upside down on a high rock.
      - "Nine"?
      - No.
      - "Unicorn"?
      - Not. Battleship! <…>
      - "Mermaid" - said Razuvaev ... "
      link:Zolotovsky KD [www.litmir.net/br/?b=121535&p=14 Fish-blanket]. - Leningrad: Children's Literature, 1965. - S. 14. - 43 p.

      In July 2003, the Estonian research vessel Mare (captain Vello Myass) discovered a sunken ship at the bottom of the Gulf of Finland, after the divers' descent was identified as the battleship Rusalka. The ship was found south of the search area in 1893-1894 and the place indicated in Larionov's article
      1. Richard
        Richard 17 May 2021 06: 59
        +11
        "Mermaid" at the bottom


      2. ee2100
        ee2100 17 May 2021 07: 18
        +13
        Fishermen have repeatedly tore their nets in that area and specifically talked about the sunken ship there. So, what was needed was only desire to find the ship.
        1. Richard
          Richard 17 May 2021 08: 15
          +9
          What was the "Rusalka"?

          Class and type of vessel Coastal defense battleship
          Home port of Revel
          Organization of the Russian Imperial Navy
          Manufacturer "Galerny Island" St. Petersburg
          Ordered for construction on January 14 (26), 1865
          Construction began in May 1865
          Launched August 31 (September 12) 1867
          Commissioned May 1869
          Withdrawn from the fleet on October 11 (23), 1893
          Status Sank in the Gulf of Finland on 7 (19) September 1893, not raised
          TTX:
          Design displacement 1881 tons,
          actual 2100 tons
          Xnumx length m
          12,8 width m
          Draft 3,36 m
          Armoring Board 114 mm,
          turret 140 mm
          Engines 2 horizontal steam machines
          Power 705 HP
          Propeller 2, coal reserve 150 tons
          Speed ​​9 knots (16,6 km / h)
          Crew of 12 officers and 160 sailors
          Armament:
          Artillery 4 × 229 mm / 20 KB guns
          8 × 87 mm / 24 kb guns
          5 × 37 mm guns
          a photo. model of the coastal defense battleship "Rusalka" in the Baltic Fleet Museum
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 17 May 2021 12: 33
            +3
            Hello friends! There is such a site * rusalka.ru. *
        2. Phil77
          Phil77 17 May 2021 18: 17
          +3
          The same can be said about the resting place of * Lusitania *! But there are purely British reasons for it. Ammunition. And yet, somewhere I ran into the information that at one time the Shaves in that area conducted exercises and gloriously processed the skeleton ship depth charges.
    4. vladcub
      vladcub 17 May 2021 15: 17
      +2
      Namesake, good afternoon. Something I have not heard about this story with the illuminator
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 17 May 2021 19: 42
        +3
        Quote: vladcub
        Namesake, good afternoon. Something I have not heard about this story with the illuminator

        A well-known story from “situations of absurdity”. I read about it from numerous authors, from Stepanov to Katorin. In fact, a direct consequence of the causal relationship - the sea does not tolerate fools and does not forgive mistakes.
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 17 May 2021 19: 56
          +3
          Here! Hence the question, dear Vlad! Who released this ship into the sea?
        2. vladcub
          vladcub 18 May 2021 16: 10
          +2
          Where are the fools held in high esteem?
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 17 May 2021 04: 38
    -2
    But the spies who blew up "Empress Maria" and "Novorossiysk" are still looking for. Just like the traces of some American nuclear submarine that sank the Kursk.

    Just as they are looking for the spies who poisoned Skripal and Navalny, and those who blew up warehouses in the Czech Republic. So the whole world is sick with this disease.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 17 May 2021 18: 23
      0
      My friend, do you believe that * Empress Maria * herself blew up? And with * Kursk * there are a lot of misunderstandings. Some words of Putin- * She drowned *, well, they cost a lot, no?
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 17 May 2021 21: 23
        +2
        The "Empress" was rushed by German agents led by the "Russian German" Viktor Eduardovich Verman. In the thirties, he was arrested by the Chekists and in the form of a "friendly" conversation he himself told about it. For the successful explosion of the battleship, he received a monetary reward and the Iron Cross of the 2nd degree. Wehrmann was exchanged for the German communists arrested in Germany.
        As for the Kursk, for more cynicism than the words of Vovka Putin about the death of people - I can not imagine "She drowned".
      2. PPD
        PPD 9 August 2021 07: 23
        0
        With Empress Maria everything is just clear.
        Researched - the design is to blame.
        Execution, rather. Disadvantage + miscalculations.
        Behind the wall from the cellars, something was heating up.
        Again, explosions of cellars were not uncommon in that era. One little thing + 2+ 3.
        The result is sad.
  4. antivirus
    antivirus 17 May 2021 05: 32
    +2
    Conspiracy studies are more interesting than searching for their mistakes and realizing the fact that the technique of deviations from the rules does not forgive.

    - Who slipped the idea of ​​restructuring the MSG?
  5. ee2100
    ee2100 17 May 2021 05: 39
    +9
    Good morning everyone!
    A few words about the monument. The monument is erected in a park near the sea, there is a promenade nearby. Favorite place for walks in Tallinn.
    Author, Amandus Adamson. A very famous Russian and later Estonian sculptor of the late XNUMXth and early XNUMXth centuries. He studied and later taught in St. Petersburg.
    This is his most famous monument. The money for the monument was collected in the form of donations.
    The model for the Mermaid was a servant who lived in Adamson's house, the future grandmother of the famous Estonian politician Tiit Made, in the Russian Federation he is known as a Russophobe politician.
    Adamson's works can be seen in St. Petersburg: Troitsky Bridge, the building of the Singer House (House of Books), Eliseevsky store.
    In the Crimea, a monument to the lost ships.
    1. ee2100
      ee2100 17 May 2021 05: 48
      +11
      Postcard from the early XNUMXth century. And the modern look of the monument.

      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 17 May 2021 06: 31
        +8
        Yes. It makes a strong impression. I catch myself thinking that he is special, not like anything else.
        1. ee2100
          ee2100 17 May 2021 06: 33
          +7
          In front of the granite, the bow of the ship, and then the rough stones-waves.
          1. Richard
            Richard 17 May 2021 07: 04
            +5
            Good morning Sasha hi
            Thanks for the photo.
            And special thanks for the submitted article, which the VO history section refused to publish. Strong material. I read with great interest and pleasure all night long. good
            1. ee2100
              ee2100 17 May 2021 07: 12
              +5
              Good morning!
              An interesting approach and generally a lot of applied ones. There are no exaggerations there, like it is quite possible, probably a big one.? ..
              And I liked the article. Previously, something like this was here.
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 17 May 2021 07: 41
                +6
                Let me be curious, what is this article?
                1. ee2100
                  ee2100 17 May 2021 09: 04
                  +7
                  Hi, I will send it in PM
                  1. Trilobite Master
                    Trilobite Master 17 May 2021 16: 05
                    +3
                    Quote: ee2100
                    I will send it in PM

                    Can i? repeat
                    1. ee2100
                      ee2100 17 May 2021 17: 13
                      +3
                      Baz problems, Michael!
                      1. Phil77
                        Phil77 17 May 2021 18: 36
                        +2
                        I got it too, thanks to our Dmitry. hi
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 17 May 2021 21: 25
                        0
                        Sasha, if not difficult, then for me. Just now I got to Klava - a vegetable garden.
                  2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                    Kote Pan Kokhanka 17 May 2021 19: 48
                    +1
                    Quote: ee2100
                    Hi, I will send it in PM

                    Alexander can ask for a queue!
                    Regards, Vlad!
          2. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 18 May 2021 08: 19
            0
            Quote: ee2100
            In front of the granite, the bow of the ship, and then the rough stones-waves.

            In the early 90s, vandals drank off the cross from the monument.
        2. Phil77
          Phil77 17 May 2021 18: 26
          +3
          Hi Sergey, and I catch myself thinking that this * ship * beyond the project had no right to life.
      2. Mother Theresa
        Mother Theresa 17 May 2021 07: 00
        -6
        Only Estonians do not call it otherwise than a monument to the Little Mermaid.
        1. ee2100
          ee2100 17 May 2021 07: 14
          +6
          Monument to the Little Mermaid in Copenhagen laughing
          1. Mother Theresa
            Mother Theresa 17 May 2021 19: 35
            -1
            Nice early laugh wait a little. That's when the leadership of the Kadoiorg municipality decides to carry out restoration work and the bas-relief depicting the ship and the crew's name will disappear from the monument. And instead, they will write a little mermaid in Estonian, and then laugh together with the titular nation, who will be explained from childhood that this is a monument to a mermaid. And they won't care about the protests of the boatmen country. And you do not need to write that this will not happen. The example of Ukraine, the Czech Republic and others says that it will be so.
            1. ee2100
              ee2100 17 May 2021 20: 22
              +1
              Mother, restrain your soul, as your prophecy will come true, so we will roll am
              1. Mother Theresa
                Mother Theresa 19 May 2021 20: 42
                0
                Well, no, I’m not laughing now or then scolding about what has happened.
                1. ee2100
                  ee2100 19 May 2021 20: 49
                  +1
                  Nothing is eternal. It's true.
  6. Normal ok
    Normal ok 17 May 2021 08: 54
    +13
    In 1974, being the son of a "grandfather")) i.e. starmeh, stood on the bridge of the dry cargo ship "Bryansk Machine Building" during the transition from Novorossiysk to the Oktyabrsky port (then it was a specialized port for military cargo). It was necessary to urgently take "vertical take-off mowers" to Vietnam. In general, the ship was driven into a 7-ball storm (the chief officer told me so then). It is very difficult to describe the sensations, you need to see this personally. The ship buried its nose in the wave so that it seemed that it would not emerge. During the course change, we stood side-to-side with the wave !!! it seemed that we would turn over. I held the senior mate's hand so that he had bruises. My head was spinning: how to throw off the raft (we were all taught) and have time to run to the cabin where mom is in order to save ..
  7. Djusha
    Djusha 17 May 2021 11: 53
    +3
    amused by the author's proposal to write off the fourth-strongest ship of the Baltic Fleet ...
    In 1893, even Gangut was still under construction ... Only Alexander II, Nicholas I and Peter were stronger than the Enchantress
  8. vladcub
    vladcub 17 May 2021 15: 04
    +6
    "caused a scandal on the part of the Orthodox Church", saint, but what about: "Diana", "Aurora", "Askold" - also Pagan names?
    1. alsoclean
      alsoclean 17 May 2021 15: 53
      +5
      How, how ... And there were also one-tower boats of the "Unicorn" type. And oh, horror! Names ... "Trader", "Sorcerer" and ..... - "Perun"! In general, nothing is sacred ...
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 17 May 2021 19: 52
        +3
        Quote: alsoclean
        How, how ... And there were also one-tower boats of the "Unicorn" type. And oh, horror! Names ... "Trader", "Sorcerer" and ..... - "Perun"! In general, nothing is sacred ...

        The name Perun was worn by many parma and bombardier ships of the Russian fleet!
        Although I prefer “Don't touch me” !!! laughing
        1. alsoclean
          alsoclean 18 May 2021 22: 15
          0
          And I like the name of the ship built for the Azov flotilla in 1699: "Dri Ryumor" or "Three Glasses". The motto of the ship: "Keep in measure in all matters" fellow
  9. deddem
    deddem 17 May 2021 17: 15
    +4
    Quote: tihonmarine
    But the spies who blew up "Empress Maria" and "Novorossiysk" are still looking for. Just like the traces of some American nuclear submarine that sank the Kursk.

    Just as they are looking for the spies who poisoned Skripal and Navalny, and those who blew up warehouses in the Czech Republic. So the whole world is sick with this disease.


    Duc, of all the victims of the epidemic of explosions in the 1900-10s, in my opinion, only the French honestly admitted that they screwed up with the "refreshing" of gunpowder with ether.
    Well, the Japanese were viciously silent.
    All the rest have a direct orgy of elusive Italian / Russian / German / Irish / Austro-Hungarian (underline the necessary) phantomas, blowing up the latest warships right in the harbor.