Military Review

Do the missile defense systems of the Baltic Fleet fend off a strike from the Polish NSM BKRK? Deployment Doomed to Fiasco

45

Source: mil.ru


As it became known a few days earlier, information about the deployment of the 3rd flotilla ships and the 8th coastal defense flotilla of the Polish Navy of additional anti-ship battalions of promising coastal anti-ship missile systems (BKRK) NSM ("Naval Strike Missile") on the Baltic Sea coast was the reason for the stormy information and mass media activities of a number of Russophobic bloggers and military observers from the "Independent" , who launched into all the heavy pompous praise of the above decision of the command of the Polish Navy, which is supposedly capable of completely shifting the balance of forces in the Baltic conventional theater of operations in favor of the United Armed Forces of NATO.

Thus, according to Ivan Kirichevsky, a permanent observer of the Ukrainian military-analytical portal “Defense Express”, the involvement of several divisions of promising Norwegian NSM anti-ship missiles in the formation of the coastal anti-ship “barrier” of the Polish Navy will exclude the possibility of a successful landing operation by the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy by the forces of two high-speed landing ships on air cushion project 12322 "Zubr", 6 landing boats of projects 1176 "Akula" and 11770 "Serna", as well as three landing boats of project 21820 "Dugong" in the event of an escalation scenario at the Baltic conventional theater of operations.

The following question arises: what weighty justifications of a tactical-technical and operational-tactical nature were guided by Kirichevsky in the course of working out such a bold statement?

The individual anti-missile potential of the amphibious landing component of the Baltic Fleet leaves much to be desired, but only in a duel situation. On covering the actions of the Baltic Fleet by means of naval air defense systems and anti-missile systems of the 44th Air Defense Division of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy


Undoubtedly, even having two coastal anti-ship battalions / four batteries of the NSM anti-ship missile system (consisting of 12 quadruple mobile launchers equipped with 48 NSM anti-ship missiles), deployed in the vicinity of the settlement. Semirovitsy, the coastal defense units of the Polish Navy really pose a certain threat to the very small number of ship orders of the amphibious assault group of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

Despite the subsonic maximum flight speed of about 970-1050 km / h (0,9-0,95 M) and relatively low maneuverability (in comparison with Russian and Chinese supersonic anti-ship missiles), the promising anti-ship brainchild of the Norwegian Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace can boast an extremely small effective reflective surface of the order of 0,05–0,07 sq. m when irradiated into the front hemisphere in the range of angles ± 10-15 degrees from the longitudinal axis of the product.

Such a radar signature was achieved due, firstly, to the widespread use of composite materials and radio-absorbing coatings in the NSM airframe design, and, secondly, to the absence of right angles and radio-contrast influxes and other structural elements that contrast in the S- and X-bands outside the airframe. decimeter and centimeter waves, thirdly, the presence of medium / long-wave infrared seeker type IIR / I3R ("Imaging Infrared / Intelligent Imaging IR Seeker"), which, unlike slot antenna arrays of active radar seeker, does not have high radio contrast and does not increases the RCS of the rocket.

The shipborne anti-aircraft / anti-missile "umbrella" of the above amphibious amphibious grouping of the BF is represented by four 30-mm AK-630M anti-aircraft artillery systems and 30 Igla-S / Verba MANPADS, the first of which are deployed on large amphibious assault ships, project 12322 "Zubr", the second - both on "Zubrs" and on landing boats of project 21820 "Dugong".

In a duel situation, neither the target channel nor the reaction time of the data of the simplest shipborne air defense-missile defense systems will be enough to confidently repel the "star raid" of the "Naval Strike Missile" anti-ship missiles with the interception of all anti-ship missiles without exception.

So, even in normal meteorological conditions, two shipborne artillery fire control systems MR-123-01 (included in the architecture of the SUV of the MDK-50 "Evgeny Kocheshkov" and MDK-94 "Mordovia" ships), using optoelectronic TV / IR channels , although they will be able to track the silhouettes of gliders and infrared radiation from the jet torches of the TRI turbojet engine 40 NSM missiles at a distance of about 12-15 km with further escorting, transmit precise target designation (with spatial azimuth and elevation coordinates of the approaching NSM) to the calculations on board the ships of the constellation Igla-S / Verba MANPADS are unlikely to be able to.

Since for the implementation of this solution, a radio station for exchanging information about tactical air situation must be integrated into the radio-electronic architecture of the MR-123-01 complex, using frequency channels and protocols corresponding to the Ranzhir-M UBKP for issuing target designations to SOSN 9S935 Barnaul terminals, attached to operators of Igla-S / Verba MANPADS.

At the moment, absolutely nothing is known about any work on the hardware and software aggregation of the MR-123-01 complexes and the SOSN 9S935 "Barnaul" terminals into a single naval network-centric air defense-missile defense network.

Consequently, the MR-123-01 radar-optical-electronic artillery fire control systems will be able to control only the fire of four single-channel AK-630M ZAK, while the combat crews of Igla-S / Verba MANPADS will have to rely either on visual observations using thermal imaging sights 1PN97M "Mowgli-2M", or on information received from small-sized mobile radar detectors 1L122 "Garmon", which, firstly, will be able to detect a "outfit" of subtle NSM at a distance of no more than 10-12 km, and secondly, can demonstrate a much less high efficiency of the transmitting and receiving paths in the conditions of pitching, side, vertical, longitudinal and transverse qualities observed on amphibious assault ships.

Therefore, there is no need to talk about the short reaction time of Igla-S / Verba MANPADS in the case of an amphibious assault ship against NSM anti-ship missiles, and the effectiveness of repelling a massive anti-ship strike will be very low.

Meanwhile, this scenario, superficially exaggerated in the head of the Ukrainian "expert" Kirichevsky, is relevant only in relation to the duel situation and has absolutely nothing to do with the real operational-tactical alignment in the Baltic theater of operations.

In particular, it is worth reminding the Ukrainian would-be expert that an anti-missile "barrier" over our amphibious amphibious assault-assault group that has moved into the southern part of the Baltic Sea will be formed not only by Igla-S and Verba MANPADS, but also by advanced shipborne air defense systems. Redoubt ", which have highly maneuverable 9M100 missiles (" chilled "modification of 9M331 missiles of the" Tor-M2U "family complexes) and super-maneuverable medium / long-range missiles 9M96E / DM, placed on corvettes of project 20380.

These SAMs will be able to intercept a "squad" of several dozen NSM anti-ship missiles both at a distance of 10-12 km (as applied to the 9M100) and behind the "screen" of the radio horizon (just a few seconds after the NSM ground launchers leave the TPK) with the use of the 9M96E SAM / DM, which will be achieved by equipping the latter with active radar seeker of the "Slate" family.

The target designation of the ARGSN "Slate" in this case will be issued either by radar systems of the A-50U / A-100 AWACS aircraft, or by the N035 Irbis-E and Zaslon-AM airborne radars of the Su-35S fighters and MiG-31BM interceptors.

Moreover, 4 S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile batteries, which are on combat duty as part of the 44th Air Defense Division of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy, stationed in the Kaliningrad region, are capable of making their significant contribution to stopping an anti-ship strike by NSM missiles of the Polish Navy.

The advanced 300M4MV ultra-long-range hypersonic missiles included in the S-9V82 ammunition also have ARGSN, thanks to which they are able to intercept Norwegian NSM anti-ship missiles far beyond the radio horizon for target designation of air radar / optical-electronic reconnaissance means.

And this is not to mention the delivery of preemptive high-precision strikes against the positions of the Naval Strike Missile with 9M723-1 Iskander-M operational-tactical ballistic missiles, which Ukrainian pseudo-expert circles do not like to mention.
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  1. Navigator
    Navigator 12 May 2021 10: 31
    +9
    I wonder how the S-300V4 complexes located in the Kaliningrad region will be able to keep up with the anti-ship missile strike on the landing order? Nonsense.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 12 May 2021 13: 52
      +5
      Quote: Navigator
      I wonder how the S-300V4 complexes located in the Kaliningrad region will be able to keep up with the anti-ship missile strike on the landing order? Nonsense.

      Especially considering that these are military air defense systems - and 146% of them will be busy covering the naval army corps stationed in the Kaliningrad region.
    2. bk316
      bk316 12 May 2021 14: 40
      +5
      I wonder how the S-300V4 complexes located in the Kaliningrad region will be able to catch up,

      Почему нет?
      I looked for n here. Semirovitsa. If the Poles decided to cover Gdansk in this way, the missiles from both Semirovitsa and Kaliningrad will have to fly about 70 km. It is quite the coverage area of ​​the S-300V4.

      But in general, the landing is nonsense. Why if Kaliningrad is nearby?
      And what can be done with such a landing?
      1. sedoj
        sedoj 13 May 2021 20: 08
        +3
        Quote: bk316
        And what can be done with such a landing?

        If only to hit the road for strawberries. In order not to buy at the bazaar.
      2. Pete mitchell
        Pete mitchell 15 May 2021 18: 36
        +4
        Quote: bk316
        But in general, the landing is nonsense. ...

        What "experts" - such are the conclusions. The character voiced several phrases, and it is clear that he has never even heard the rumors of the army. And what, for the 30036 Marine brigade, the task was changed? They began to focus on the Polish coast? What for? They had and still have one task - to ensure the exit of the Baltic Fleet to the operational space - and here is Poland, it is easier to grind it into powder
    3. Normal ok
      Normal ok 13 May 2021 12: 41
      +1
      Quote: Navigator
      I wonder how the S-300V4 complexes located in the Kaliningrad region will be able to keep up with the anti-ship missile strike on the landing order? Nonsense.

      Brad is Damantsev's trick.
  2. paul3390
    paul3390 12 May 2021 10: 36
    +27
    But what donkey will carry out the landing when the coastal batteries are not suppressed, then? What kind of wild fantasies?
    1. novel66
      novel66 12 May 2021 12: 28
      -18%
      oh, are you sure they are not in the navy? St ... oh, Putin will give the order ...
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 12 May 2021 14: 20
      +11
      Quote: paul3390
      But what donkey will carry out the landing when the coastal batteries are not suppressed, then? What kind of wild fantasies?

      Come on, it's not so much about coastal defense, but about the land front and aviation altogether forgotten. Apparently, it is planned to land troops in a liquid vacuum: the forces of the parties froze at the border and, holding their breath, watch as DESO fights exclusively with the coastal SCRC. smile

      In real life, God forbid, that Baltiysk would not be covered with barrel artillery and MLRS in the first minutes of the war: from the naval base to Braniewo - only 30 km. And hello to all landing plans.
      And it would also be good to think about what forces the DKBF can land, and what the enemy can oppose to this. Otherwise, we will again get a landing from Merikül. If the front is broken, and tactical assault forces land to intercept coastal communications, then the coastal SCRC has long been piled to the border. Reich Germany.
  3. vvvjak
    vvvjak 12 May 2021 10: 51
    +1
    And this is not to mention the delivery of preemptive high-precision strikes against the positions of the Naval Strike Missile with 9M723-1 Iskander-M operational-tactical ballistic missiles, which Ukrainian pseudo-expert circles do not like to mention.

    Why Iskander? Tornado S is enough.
  4. knn54
    knn54 12 May 2021 11: 02
    +6
    Eugene, is it worth bringing up the delirium of another expert?
    We know that the Norwegian complex is quite advanced even without it.
  5. Oleg133
    Oleg133 12 May 2021 11: 25
    +3
    Without a strike on the headquarters, not a single air defense missile defense will withstand ...
  6. Captain45
    Captain45 12 May 2021 12: 04
    +9
    Do the missile defense systems of the Baltic Fleet fend off a strike from the Polish NSM BKRK? Deployment Doomed to Fiasco(C)

    - Vasya! - shouted the first son of Lieutenant Schmidt - Dear brother! Do you recognize brother Kolya? .....
    - I will! - Vasya exclaimed, having recovered his sight. - I recognize my brother Kolya! (from)
    I. Ilf, E. Petrov "The Golden Calf" laughing laughing
  7. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 12 May 2021 12: 46
    -4
    It would be more correct to call this magazine "Visiting a Fairy Tale"))), as a rule, they write there about what the Banderland does not have and is unlikely to ever be. The key word in the article is "promising" - ie. these DBKs are not yet in nature, but they already pose a threat)))
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 12 May 2021 17: 26
      +2
      The key word in the article is "promising" - ie. these DBKs are not yet in nature, but they already pose a threat)))

      Come on?! wink

      The Ministry of Defense of Poland may acquire an additional amount of anti-ship missiles NSM (naval strike missile) from Kongsberg, according to Military Parity. This statement was made by Polish Deputy Defense Minister Bartosz Kownacki. According to him, it is also necessary to increase the capabilities of naval intelligence. Anti-ship missiles of this type have a firing range of 200 km, but the range of Polish radars is shorter. For this purpose, it is possible to purchase reconnaissance drones. The first squadron of NSM missiles was deployed on the Polish Baltic coast in 2013, the second in 2014. Military Parity
      Source: http://nevskii-bastion.ru/nsm_norvegia/ VTS "NEVSKY BASTION" AVKarpenko
      1. TermNachTer
        TermNachTer 12 May 2021 17: 34
        +3
        I apologize, apparently I read it inattentively. Wildly happy for the pshek, they have as many as two batteries of anti-ship missiles. It remains to buy "Patriot" and F - 35)))
        1. Alex777
          Alex777 12 May 2021 17: 34
          +2
          Do you want to die hungry pshekam? laughing
          As many as 4 batteries they have. As Damantsev wrote.
          1. TermNachTer
            TermNachTer 12 May 2021 17: 36
            +2
            Well, we are not animals, people understand. They won't die, but they won't have to go to fitness)))
            1. Alex777
              Alex777 12 May 2021 17: 40
              0
              The more equipment the psheks buy, the faster the nuclear karachun will fly to them.
              IMHO, no one will stand on ceremony with them, if that. hi
              1. TermNachTer
                TermNachTer 12 May 2021 17: 41
                -2
                You are some kind of evil, you can't do that, you need to be softer with people, I think the Iskander will be enough, well, if anything, the caliber will help.
                1. Alex777
                  Alex777 12 May 2021 17: 42
                  +1
                  And there is no need to wait for the first blow, since it may turn out to be such that you will completely forget to resist ... wink
                  All F-35s are carriers of TNW.
                  Who exactly, Iskander or Caliber will bring them a nuclear karachun - does not matter.
                  Here is our asymmetric response. hi
                  1. TermNachTer
                    TermNachTer 12 May 2021 17: 58
                    -3
                    Well, so "Iskanders" from the Kaliningrad region "cover" half of Poland. During the threatened period, you can also cover with conventional warheads.
                    1. Alex777
                      Alex777 12 May 2021 18: 01
                      +2
                      The F-35 must be destroyed on the ground, so as not to catch it in the air.
                      For Iskander there are other goals: decision-making centers, TNW depots, missile defense bases, etc.
                      There are many goals. So for one Polish airfield with an F-35, one missile with a nuclear warhead is normal. hi
                      They have planes in hangars.
                      The usual warhead may not be enough for everyone.
                      1. TermNachTer
                        TermNachTer 12 May 2021 18: 05
                        +1
                        So if the usual warheads "lie down" correctly, they will do business. I think the special warfare unit is already an extreme case.
                      2. Alex777
                        Alex777 12 May 2021 18: 07
                        +3
                        You don't write in the plural for nothing.
                        And I feel sorry for spending a lot of missiles on pshek.
                        They are not alone in NATO. There are many who wish.
                        I think the special warhead is already an extreme case.

                        The war with NATO is an extreme case.
                  2. UAZ 452
                    UAZ 452 22 May 2021 12: 24
                    0
                    Well, so "Iskanders" from the Kaliningrad region "cover" half of Poland.

                    But this automatically means that the entire Kaliningrad region is being shot up and down from the territory of a potential enemy.
            2. The comment was deleted.
              1. TermNachTer
                TermNachTer 12 May 2021 20: 13
                -2
                If special warheads pass through NATO bases, it will not be F who will be responsible, but from across the ocean.
                1. Alex777
                  Alex777 12 May 2021 20: 47
                  +1
                  If special warheads pass through NATO bases, it will not be F who will be responsible, but from across the ocean.

                  Yes. The US can answer.
                  How can they not answer.
                  This is not known in advance.
                  Their reaction to a strike with conventional weapons is not known.
        2. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 14 May 2021 10: 20
          -1
          Quote: Alex777
          Do you want to die hungry pshekam? laughing
          As many as 4 batteries they have. As Damantsev wrote.


          don't underestimate Poland.
          They have money like candy wrappers.

          Poland ranks 13th in the ranking of countries by GDP per capita - $ 29.
          Provided that the budget is filled at the expense of its production economy.

          In the Russian Federation - 25 thousand dollars - provided that 40% of the budget is filled with export energy resources.
          1. TermNachTer
            TermNachTer 22 May 2021 13: 22
            0
            Poland lives on subsidies from the European budget. She's already tired of the budget fillers, and England generally dumped from this zoo. So the rations for pshekam will be cut.
  • Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 12 May 2021 12: 54
    +4
    We disagree, there will be no war, the author reveals all military secrets in his articles. laughing
  • Andylw
    Andylw 12 May 2021 14: 27
    -9
    rare nonsense
    NSM flies a meter above the water, what kind of S-300, a-50 and a snow leopard to the goblin ??
    the chances of intercepting these missiles from the wretched air defense bf are a few percent.
  • Dzenn
    Dzenn 12 May 2021 17: 19
    +3
    Damantsev's articles are not unambiguous, he takes as a basis a promising weapon, the characteristics of which are declared by the manufacturer, are not confirmed by anything, there is no weapon, when it will be unknown in the series. But he makes a comparison with weapons on alert, that is, already serial with confirmed characteristics, while choosing a unit in comparison in isolation from other branches of the military.
    The value of such an analysis is zero, it does not carry a semantic load, most likely the author should write a certain number of articles for a small amount of money, and what is in the article, neither the author, nor even more so the editorial board is not interested.
  • smaug78
    smaug78 12 May 2021 17: 26
    +2
    You see the abbreviations in the title - it means again an incoherent stream of words from Damantsev laughing
  • Mikhail Shilo
    Mikhail Shilo 12 May 2021 17: 37
    +7
    Targeting the heads of anti-aircraft missiles from the onboard radars of fighters?!?! Author, are you drunk? Nobody else in the world has such a thing. Only the Americans have tested the transmission of the control center to air-to-air missiles from the AWACS. And that's all.
    The only thing that will save our hypothetical amphibious order is the destruction of anti-ship missile positions long before the ships leave the sea.
  • Naval
    Naval 12 May 2021 18: 42
    +2
    If we extrapolate the idea of ​​the author of the landing on the shore covered with batteries, then the next one can expect a "psychic attack" at full height and in formation, accompanied by an orchestra, as in the film about Chapaev, of ground divisions at NATO positions.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 12 May 2021 22: 44
    0
    the author is both right and wrong, on the one hand, the C300 is really capable of saving Kaliningrad, and this is good! On the other hand, it is obvious that the surface ships of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Federation are useless and defenseless, while these ships are not enough for the Northern Fleet and Kamchatka, and in the Baltic there are enough a pair of Karakurt or Buyanov M, a pair of MPK and a pair of minesweepers
  • va3610
    va3610 13 May 2021 12: 59
    +1
    The whole article is nonsense, because what is described there is a war! And in the event of war, the entire territory of Poland will be destroyed by a nuclear strike, since NATO troops are located on it.
  • Crabong
    Crabong 18 May 2021 01: 44
    0
    It is necessary to land a landing craft with a large landing craft. The armored personnel carriers will shoot down Polish anti-ship missiles from their machine guns while sailing to the coast. (Why didn't Damantsev consider such a scenario?)
    1. Borisych
      Borisych 18 May 2021 21: 29
      0
      The most amazing delirium
      1. Crabong
        Crabong 19 May 2021 21: 53
        0
        What article - such and comments ...)
      2. Crabong
        Crabong 19 May 2021 22: 25
        0
        And if you dream up? There is a lightweight compact complex on the bat: the terminal accepts tied anti-ship missile routes from an external source, takes its radar with AFAR to support it and works on them ... But what? Normal ... Network-centric so ...
  • Abel
    Abel 21 May 2021 18: 00
    0
    I am tormented by vague doubts ... Why the landing? What's his goal? Give passage to ships so they don't get in the way? It’s easier to fuck off indiscriminately: whoever didn’t hide, I’m not to blame. You can send a group to hit on the KNP. And it is utter folly to compete with a missile defense airborne group with stationary batteries for the landing of troops. and there is nothing to discuss. It would be better to discuss whether there is life on Mars
  • Growlers
    Growlers 22 May 2021 15: 18
    0
    One, Ivan Kirichevsky, in the Ukrainian agitprop, decided to "raise" a little "dough". And you argue with him as with a clever and even in absentia.
  • Al356
    Al356 29 May 2021 04: 23
    0
    Russia's intentions to land troops in Poland exist only in the fevered brains of Ukrainian experts, hence all the following reasoning is meaningless.