Military Review

Marine stories. Six victories of England escort

49

Of course, six were destroyed in more than one blow, but if we talk about the time frame, then six submarines in less than two weeks is quite a masterpiece. Moreover, the hero of our today's story is a ship, in general, and not very serious.


Our hero today is a modest Buckley-class destroyer of the US Navy.

Bore the number DE-635 and the name "England", in honor of Ensign (Warrant Officer) John England, radio operator of the battleship "Oklahoma", who died on December 7, 1941 in Pearl Harbor. John England rescued three sailors from a sinking ship and died while trying to rescue a fourth.

So, the EME is the Buckley type.


Displacement 1422 tons. Less than that of standard destroyers of that time, such as Italian, Soviet, British, compared to German and generally dwarf.

The ship is 93 meters long, 11 meters wide, and has a draft of 3 meters.

Power plant - two boilers with turboelectric units from General Electric with a capacity of 12 hp. With them, the ship could reach a maximum speed of 000 knots and go 23 miles at an economical speed of 4300 knots.

England's armament consisted of three universal 76-mm guns.

Marine stories. Six victories of England escort


Anti-aircraft defense was represented by a quadruple installation "Chicago Piano" caliber 28-mm and six 20-mm single-barreled anti-aircraft machine guns from "Oerlikon".


28 mm anti-aircraft machine gun


20-mm machine gun "Oerlikon"

Mine torpedo armament. One three-tube 533mm torpedo tube, one Hedgehog / Hedgehog jet bomb launcher firing 24 178mm mines, eight conventional bombers and two depth charge bombers.



As you can see, the boat turned out to be dangerous only for small ships and submarines. For the latter, it is very dangerous, given the presence on the ship of sonar search equipment, and on some ships and a radar.

The escort destroyers were mainly assigned the functions of anti-submarine defense and patrol ships.

Commander (Lieutenant Commander in our opinion) Walton Pendleton was appointed to command England.

The ship was launched in January 1943, and entered the ranks of the Pacific fleet in March 1944. During the combat service, the ship received 10 battle stars (more than many cruisers) and was included in the lists of the presidential squad of ships. Withdrawn from the fleet and sold for scrap in 1946 due to severe deterioration.

And this very small ship was able to enter historyas one of the most effective anti-submarine ships.

May 18, 1944 "England" together with the same type of destroyer escort "George" and "Rabi" carried out patrol service in the Solomon Islands area. According to intelligence, a Japanese transport submarine with cargo for the garrison of Bougainville was supposed to appear in this area. Therefore, in a deployed formation, the destroyers ransacked the water area in search of a Japanese submarine.


On May 19, at 13.25:XNUMX, England's acoustician made contact with the submarine, and Pendleton immediately led the ship into an attack. The first run was a trial one, without bombing, in order for the acoustician to accurately establish the position of the boat. Then a total hell began for the Japanese. Within an hour, the England crew made five bombing runs.

The RBU "Hedgehog" ammunition differed from depth charges in that it was triggered only upon contact with the submarine's hull. On the one hand, this did not "jam" the acoustics who were listening to the submarine, on the other hand, the explosion detonated all other ammunition that was near the one that was in contact with the submarine.

For the fifth time, it exploded and an oil slick and various debris appeared on the surface. Thus ended the last voyage of the Japanese submarine I-16.


Boat of the same type as I-16

While the crews were rejoicing at the successful actions of the "England", a message came from the headquarters: in the next square, a patrol plane noticed and, to no avail, attacked another submarine. The torpedo boats were ordered to move to the detection area of ​​the enemy's boat.

The passage took a day, and the ships arrived at the indicated square on the night of May 21. And on May 20, at the headquarters of the American fleet, a message was intercepted and deciphered, which said that the seventh Japanese submarine squadron was entering a position to intercept American aircraft carriers. Eight submarines entered the area, through which Admiral Halsey's aircraft carriers had already passed twice.

The patrol began. At 3.50 am on May 22, EME's "George" radar spotted a target 13 kilometers away. Almost immediately, England's radar operators also spotted the target.

On "George" they turned on the searchlight and went on the attack. England were second. The signalmen of both ships noticed a submarine in the spotlight, which immediately sank.

George made a combat run first and missed. The England bombers were also unlucky. Having specified the course of the boat according to the testimony of the acoustics, the destroyers repeated the bombing.




And here again a series of Hedgehog bombs from England fell perfectly. A bomb explosion, three detonations and then a strong explosion under water, a large air bubble burst on the surface, then diesel fuel and debris appeared. Submarine RO-106 sank to the bottom with all the crew.

In less than a day, a new contact happened. The ships walked along a ledge, using both radar and hydroacoustics. On May 23, at 6 am, the destroyer Raby detected a submarine by radar. The Rabi made four passes, but without success. Then "George" stepped in and bombed the boat five more times. An hour and a half later they were joined by England, which fired two volleys of the Hedgehog at intervals of 15 minutes. The second volley was accurate, and air bubbles began to burst onto the surface. The destroyer passed over the place where the air was coming from and dropped a series of conventional depth charges.

It was the turn of the RO-104 submarine to replenish the England's combat account.


Boat of the same type with RO-104

Further, the command of the fleet, which received reports from the commander of the group of ships, Commander (Captain 2nd Rank) Haynes, concluded that the destroyers were dealing with a veil of Japanese submarines deployed from north to south. Accordingly, if you send ships to the south, you can find and drown someone else.

The torpedo boats sailed south, searching space and water with radars and sonars. On the night of May 24 (1.20 am), George's radar tracked the boat. Naturally, the Japanese immediately went under water, but it was immediately discovered by the England's hydroacoustics. The first salvo of the Hedgehog hit the target, and the RO-116 continued to dive, but at a slightly higher speed and deeper.

The morning showed the usual picture of a huge spot of oil and diesel fuel.

On May 26, "George", "Raby" and "England" met with the detachment of ships that had come to replace them. The boat hunters really needed to restock everything. Haynes's destroyers were replaced by a whole squad of escort aircraft carrier Hogatt Bay and destroyers McCord, Hoel, Hermann and Hazelwood.

Our trio went towards the base, but did not relax and at 2 o'clock on May 26, the operators of the Raby radar discovered another submarine! This time, the RO-108 was out of luck. The scenario was standard: "Raby" gave a direction on the radar, as soon as the boat sank, the acoustics of the "England" and the bomb-thrower crew, who caught the courage, entered into action. From the very first attack, the Hedgehog bombs produced 4-6 explosions. There were no special effects, but in the morning a fountain of oil and diesel fuel was seen rising from the depths.

For RO-108, the war is over.

On May 27, Haynes's group entered the harbor of Seeadler, where they replenished the stocks of bombs from the destroyer Spengler sent for reinforcement, and on the second half of the next day on May 2 again went to sea.


On May 30 at 01:44 am the destroyer Hizelwood discovered the submarine and drove it under water. The depth charges were unsuccessful, but at 04:35, George, England, Raby and Spengler came to his aid. The five destroyers drove the Japanese boat until 7 am. A warning came from headquarters about a possible Japanese raid. aviation, and the boat had to be finished.

In general, it is worth noting that the commander and crew of the Japanese boat (it turned out to be RO-105) demonstrated a high class. At 25 o'clock, five US Navy ships attacked the boat. 16 series of bombs were dropped on the RO-105, but the boat dodged. When the crew had no more air, the commander surfaced between the Raby and the George, so much so that the destroyers could not shoot at the boat. Five minutes - and the boat went deep again and the race continued.

The destroyers' Hedgehogs threw out a series of bombs, but the boat held on as if enchanted. Haines, pissed off, barked over the radio, "Damn it ... England, come on!" And "England" from the first hydroacoustic contact hit with a series of "hedgehogs". In the history of the RO-105, the last point was put.

Meanwhile, the headquarters of the Japanese submarine forces could not really understand why the boats, one after another, stop communicating. And the most interesting thing happened: analysts of the Japanese fleet came to the conclusion that a large and strong formation of American ships was operating in the area.

In the Japanese headquarters, no one could have imagined that such a massacre was staged by several escort destroyers. In general, this curtain was deployed primarily in order to track the movement of American operational formations. The fact that six boats were lost in the area testified precisely to the fact that it was precisely the large forces that were operating there.

And in the Japanese naval headquarters, it was decided to transfer additional forces to the area, removing them from other directions. Including from the Mariana Islands, which the allies struck literally a week later!

That is, the three escorts were able to draw off forces that would be very useful to the Japanese elsewhere. Double effect.


And the fate of our hero, EME "England", was not the best way.

After the heroic raid, England continued to do its usual business of escorting ships. Solomon Islands, Treasury Islands, Australia, New Holland, Leyte, Manus, Uliti, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. A solid roster of operations backed up by 10 battle stars.

On May 9, 1945, while in a port in the Philippines, England was attacked by three Japanese dive bombers. The first plane was set on fire by the destroyer's anti-aircraft gunners, but the Japanese pilot was able to hold out and crash into the side of the destroyer near the bridge. When the bomber exploded, the bombs detonated, causing great damage to the ship.

37 people were killed, 25 were injured and burned. Two other planes were shot down by the air patrol fighters that arrived in time, otherwise our story could have ended at this point.

The crew defeated the fire, the damaged ship reached Leite, where it received repairs and headed to Philadelphia for a major overhaul.

When the ship reached the United States, the war (July 16, 1945) actually ended and it was decided not to restore the battered destroyer, but to cut it into metal. England was decommissioned on October 15, 1945.

And his companions for a very long time served in the navies of different countries, Taiwan, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, South Korea, the Philippines. They turned out to be good boats.

The name of England's radio operator was transferred to another ship, but the success achieved by the England's crew was not repeated.

I am sure the namesake from heaven looked approvingly at the success of the ship named after him. It was a very good hunt.
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49 comments
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 13 May 2021 05: 30
    +8
    “The submarine goes into the water.
    Look for her nowhere ”(c).

    But no. Indeed, the Japanese had a hard time for these five visits.
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 13 May 2021 06: 59
      +13
      Here's a luck, serious!)))
      And the article is interesting - make a good film, because many skeptics who are not familiar with history will not believe it. Again, they will say, Hollywood invented!))
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 13 May 2021 07: 25
        +7
        It so happens that the streak has gone. In any business.
        1. wow
          wow 13 May 2021 11: 13
          +2
          We said in this case: "... the saw went ...!."
      2. Alf
        Alf 13 May 2021 18: 34
        +3
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        Again, they will say, Hollywood came up with an idea!))

        The fact is that, taking fact as a basis, Hollywood sometimes removes such things that the fact itself seems to be fiction.
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 13 May 2021 11: 52
      +6
      Hello, Sergey. hi
      Excellent training from the team and a competent, decisive commander (I suspect that he was always lucky in poker))). All other things being equal with other destroyers, England's acoustics always gave a quick and accurate direction to the target, and the team worked quickly and smoothly, and, as a result, efficiently. It’s not a matter of luck, or rather, not only of it.
      And the Japanese ... as they have found out from their own experience, the samurai spirit alone is not enough for victory. wink
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 13 May 2021 13: 47
        +4
        Hi Constantine!

        Of course, not only in luck. Every year I am convinced that there is something behind every miracle.
  2. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 13 May 2021 05: 35
    +8
    Good article. Keep it up. drinks
    1. Alf
      Alf 13 May 2021 18: 35
      +2
      Quote: Aron Zaavi
      Good article

      Only as usual with the pictures of the problem ... Well, we are already used to it.
  3. SERGE ANT
    SERGE ANT 13 May 2021 05: 35
    +9
    I am sure the namesake from heaven approvingly watched the successes of the ship named after him. It was a very good hunt.
    I have no doubt about it. Glorious ship, glorious voyage.
  4. tlauicol
    tlauicol 13 May 2021 05: 43
    +4
    Solid ammunition on it! I wonder how many GB was there?
  5. Doctor
    Doctor 13 May 2021 07: 35
    +6
    Another proof that the performance characteristics of the ship are not the most important. The main thing is the correct tactics and training of the crew. Well, a little bit of luck.

    How many ships in the post-sailing era were built in Russia, and then in the USSR. And the most effective - here it is, the Amur mine transport.



    Failed two battleships. love
    1. Petrik66
      Petrik66 13 May 2021 09: 20
      +5
      Yes, of course, but the main character was "Varyag", with his extremely controversial performance. And Fyodor Nikolaevich Ivanov 6, few know, but everyone knows Rudnev.
  6. tlauicol
    tlauicol 13 May 2021 08: 03
    +10

    escort aircraft carrier Baugh. On account of his aircraft and guided escort ships, 13 submarines (9 + 4), of which 9 are German and 2 are Japanese
    1. novel66
      novel66 13 May 2021 08: 22
      +5
      and 2 more whose? None of yours?
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 13 May 2021 08: 26
        +3
        Quote: novel xnumx
        and 2 more whose? None of yours?

        Sorry ... 11 German of course
      2. Alf
        Alf 13 May 2021 18: 37
        +1
        Quote: novel xnumx
        and 2 more whose? None of yours?

        Don't fucking hang out where I work.

        Remember the story of the destroyer William Porter, at which the neighbor signaled-Do not shoot, we are also Republicans.
    2. Doctor
      Doctor 13 May 2021 09: 58
      0
      escort aircraft carrier Baugh. On account of his aircraft and guided escort ships, 13 submarines (9 + 4), of which 9 are German and 2 are Japanese

      It’s interesting: could we have built this before the war?
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 13 May 2021 10: 10
        +6
        They could. But where do you get the deck pilots, radar and acoustics?
        1. Alf
          Alf 13 May 2021 18: 39
          +1
          Quote: Tlauicol
          They could. But where do you get the deck pilots, radar and acoustics?

          And carrier-based aircraft.
      2. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 13 May 2021 10: 53
        +4
        Quote: Arzt
        It’s interesting: could we have built this before the war?

        So the naval forces, back in 1927, wanted to convert the US Ocean - Komsomolets into an aircraft carrier. But traditionally plans of our enormous bumped into two problems: "there is no money" and "industry cannot."
        Considering how the Marat was modernized on the budget in the same years, these reasons are readily believed. And if you remember the long-term epic with "Frunze", all plans for restructuring which ended in cutting into metal ... sad
  7. G17
    G17 13 May 2021 08: 05
    +9
    There is an error in the article. In the photo, the Ro-500 is a former German submarine of the IXC U-511 type, delivered to the Japanese in the fall of 1943. In principle, it cannot be of the same type Ro-104.
    1. BAI
      BAI 13 May 2021 09: 24
      +6
      You are absolutely right. In the photo, the former U-511, and the Japanese series looks like this:
  8. Petrik66
    Petrik66 13 May 2021 09: 16
    +3
    Bravo, this is a valid class. I wonder how the German submarines in relation to the Japanese,
    1. Alf
      Alf 13 May 2021 18: 40
      +3
      Quote: Petrik66
      I wonder how the German submarines in relation to the Japanese,

      I think German boats were more advanced. It is enough to remember the depth of immersion.
  9. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 13 May 2021 10: 35
    +3
    I liked the article very much. Everything about her is wonderful. Dynamics of the story, photography. Thank you.
  10. Alexander Morozov
    Alexander Morozov 13 May 2021 11: 03
    +2
    Well done honest "Kraken".
    But seriously, a very interesting story, thanks to the author.
  11. AK1972
    AK1972 13 May 2021 12: 28
    +3
    Yes, you will not envy the submariners. I recommend watching the German film "Submarine". I don't remember the director, it was shot based on the book "Das boot" by Lothar Buchheim. The book is also very well written, probably because the author was on board the entire trip as a war correspondent.
    1. Tavrik
      Tavrik 13 May 2021 15: 57
      +3
      Directed by Wolfgang Peterson. Starring Jurgen Prohnow. The prototypes were U-96 and Hans Lehmann Willenbrock. And the book is strong and the film is cool.
      1. AK1972
        AK1972 14 May 2021 08: 00
        0
        Yes sir. Thank you, Eugene!
  12. bubalik
    bubalik 13 May 2021 13: 42
    +5
    Bore the number DE-635 and the name "England"


    September 26, 1943: San Francisco, California Launched.

    February 9, 1944: Off the coast of San Francisco, California
    the Japanese pilot was able to hold out and crash into the side of the destroyer in the area of ​​the bridge


    July 24, 1945: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, left side of the bow superstructure, near where the suicide plane crashed.

    July 24, 1945. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  13. Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 13 May 2021 15: 22
    +1
    "in comparison with the Germans and generally a dwarf" in some film there were such words: "God helps the brave."
    Roman, if you took up the ships, then be sure to tell us about the SC "Tuman", and he was a seiner at all
    1. alsoclean
      alsoclean 13 May 2021 16: 14
      +1
      And the Indian corvette "Bengal" was not a monster either ...
      1. Astra wild2
        Astra wild2 14 May 2021 11: 43
        0
        I don’t know
        1. alsoclean
          alsoclean 14 May 2021 15: 44
          0
          I don’t know

          In vain. Here on the site on November 13, 2019. in great detail
          https://topwar.ru/164649-bogi-ljubjat-otvazhnyh.html
  14. motorized rifle
    motorized rifle 13 May 2021 15: 41
    +5
    Commander (Lieutenant Commander in our opinion) Walton Pendleton was appointed to command England.
    commander of the group of ships, commander (captain 2nd rank) Haynes

    It seems like a trifle, but ... Probably still a lieutenant commander, who by the way is not a drop, but closer to our captain of the 3rd rank, in any case is equal to an army major, and the next rank is commander.
    1. Army soldier2
      Army soldier2 17 May 2021 11: 47
      0
      Indeed, both at the described time and now the commander corresponds to our captain of the 2nd rank. And the lieutenant captain corresponds to the lieutenant of the US Navy.
      But this inaccuracy does not detract from the value of the article.
  15. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 13 May 2021 17: 21
    +2
    Yes, the crew's training is good. The commander was able to establish interaction on the ship.
    And the suit went)).

    Thanks for the interesting stuff.
    hi
  16. Alf
    Alf 13 May 2021 18: 31
    +2
    Commander (Lieutenant Commander in our opinion)

    commander (captain 2nd rank)

    Roman! Well, you will decide ...
    Boat of the same type as I-16

    Why is the flag American?
    Yandex unambiguously interprets the photo with torpedo men as readiness to fire a torpedo on the torpedo boat Rapid Project 7.
    And the Buckley-type destroyer is featured in the beautiful film Enemy Below.
    1. Alex013
      Alex013 13 May 2021 18: 43
      0
      I remembered exactly) just like it was called "The enemy is under us"
      1. Alf
        Alf 13 May 2021 19: 02
        +1
        Quote: Alex013
        I remembered exactly) just like it was called "The enemy is under us"

        He walked on TV just like the Enemy below.
    2. BAI
      BAI 13 May 2021 21: 05
      +1
      Why is the flag American?

      This is a captured Japanese boat at an American base.
      1. Alf
        Alf 13 May 2021 21: 16
        0
        Quote: BAI
        Why is the flag American?

        This is a captured Japanese boat at an American base.

        You are right, I didn’t realize.
    3. BAI
      BAI 13 May 2021 21: 18
      0
      Yandex unambiguously interprets the photo with torpedo men as readiness to fire a torpedo on the torpedo boat Rapid Project 7.

      Don't tell. On the Internet in general, and on the site in particular, there is an article https://topwar.ru/180460-boevye-korabli-krejsera-ne-sovershenstvo-no-potopit-slozhno.html, and the author is the same here and there , where this torpedo tube is described as the torpedo tube of the American cruiser Pensicola.
      1. Alf
        Alf 13 May 2021 21: 20
        +1
        Quote: BAI
        Yandex unambiguously interprets the photo with torpedo men as readiness to fire a torpedo on the torpedo boat Rapid Project 7.

        Don't tell. On the Internet in general, and on the site in particular, there is an article https://topwar.ru/180460-boevye-korabli-krejsera-ne-sovershenstvo-no-potopit-slozhno.html, and the author is the same here and there where the given torpedo tube is described. as a torpedo tube of the American cruiser Pensacola.

        Well, you never know what the author describes, just look at the sailors' uniforms.
        1. BAI
          BAI 13 May 2021 21: 36
          0
          I mean, the author was already told in a previous article that the apparatus was Soviet, but for some reason he continues to mold it anywhere.
          1. Alf
            Alf 13 May 2021 21: 38
            0
            Quote: BAI
            I mean, the author was already told in a previous article that the apparatus was Soviet, but for some reason he continues to mold it anywhere.

            Are you sure that he is interested in reading comments in general and what they write to him in particular?
  17. mr.ZinGer
    mr.ZinGer 13 May 2021 20: 41
    +1
    In the photo with a three-tube torpedo tube, Soviet sailors.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  18. moreman78
    moreman78 14 May 2021 12: 38
    0
    Quote: Arzt
    Another proof that the performance characteristics of the ship are not the most important. The main thing is the correct tactics and training of the crew. Well, a little bit of luck.
    love

    What do you mean the performance characteristics of the ship are not the most important? Just if this ship did not have the necessary and effective weapons (hydroacoustics and bomb throwers), then there would not be such results! In addition, do not forget - this ship operated as part of the formation, which led to such results. A single ship (even if it was a super duper) could not achieve such results.