Military Review

The origins of the feat. Hero of the Soviet Union Sergei Milashenkov


Wall newspaper

When we were preparing a wall newspaper about the feat of Hero of the Soviet Union Sergei Vasilyevich Milashenkov, it turned out that there was very little information about him.

Several short articles, scanty lines of award sheets, orders, summaries ...

Born in 1921 in a small village between Smolensk and Vyazma. Already at a smart age, he moved with his mother to Moscow. He graduated from the seven-year school, was engaged in the flying club. In 1940 he was drafted into the army, sent to a pilot school, from December 1942 at the front. In the first battles - the medal "For Courage", then more orders for exemplary performance of combat missions and courage. And now - a burning Il-2, directed into the midst of Hitler's troops and equipment. And not a word about what kind of person he was - Sergei Milashenkov? How did he live, what did he dream about and talk with friends?

And I wanted to understand how a Hero grew out of a village boy? What was the XNUMX-year-old guy thinking when he smelled burning in the cockpit and saw flames?

Surely, it was not something like: "Now I will accomplish a feat!" And it is absolutely certain: he had no idea that it was necessary to jump with a parachute - he had already been in captivity a year before. I got out only thanks to an incredible coincidence of circumstances, willpower and the desire to smash the Nazis again and again.

Of course, any pilot, and even more so - an attack aircraft pilot, has the ability to react with lightning speed to changes in the situation, making the only correct decision. But even such a person is unlikely to be able to simultaneously overcome the most ancient instinct inherent in all living things - the instinct of self-preservation.

This means that Sergei was already ready for self-sacrifice. And when and how is such readiness formed?

Peasant life is hard. And the parents of village children do not have to explain to them the meaning of the word "must". Everything is simpler: do your legs walk? Do they wear hands? Then get involved in the work, there will be enough for everyone. In addition, Sergei's childhood fell on the hardest times. The Civil War has just died down, devastation, poverty, hunger are all around ...

However, life gradually returned to normal. Dams and factories were erected, tractors took to the fields, cities grew, houses, schools and hospitals were built. Smiles appeared on the faces of people - they enjoyed life and dreamed of a happy future. And they didn't just dream, they built it! By yourself, by your own hands! And this in itself is happiness.

Only one thing darkened this sunny picture. The threat of a new war. By the end of the 30s, there was no longer any doubt about this: there would be war. In the east, the Japanese are constantly organizing provocations, our soldiers have already died near Lake Khasan. In the west, England does not abandon its age-old plans: by any means to restrain the development of Russia, weaken it and seize it. And the British are acting very cunningly - they want to do everything with someone else's hands, inciting its neighbors to the USSR. Hitler has already captured half of Europe, and the same England is trying to turn his aspirations to the east.


The Soviet country had no choice: it had to prepare for the coming war. The army was strengthened, guns were released and Tanks... An efficient military was created almost from scratch. aviation... In general, aviators have become the main heroes of the country. Everyone knew the names of Valery Chkalov, Vladimir Kokkinaki, Mikhail Gromov, Marina Raskova, Valentina Grizodubova, it was the pride of the people and an example to follow.

On the initiative of Marina Raskova, flying clubs were created throughout the country. Young people enrolled en masse in DOSAAF schools and Voroshilov riflemen circles. Young men and women learned to defend their homeland, and their readiness to fight only grew stronger day by day.

The songs of the Civil War sounded in a new way:

Lead, Budyonny, brave us into battle!
Let the thunder rumble
Let the fire go, fire all around.
We are all selfless heroes
And our whole life is a struggle!

People were confident that any enemy who encroached on our borders would receive a worthy rebuff.

We do not want any land,
But we won’t give up our tip!

But, no matter how prepared for the war, it still began suddenly. And it went completely different from the way it was sung in heroic songs.

From the first days of the war, it became extremely clear: a strong and insidious enemy had come. He came to kill. To kill and enslave. Point.

A bold black cross was put on all dreams of a bright, happy future. In the form of a swastika.

And the whole people rose to fight the enemy. In Russia it has always been like this - if trouble threatens, all strife and grievances are forgotten, the people unite into a single formidable force, rising to defend their native land:

And we promised to die,
And they kept the oath of allegiance!

To the front! Elderly people assured their superiors that there would be someone to stand at the bench, and they had to beat the fascists! The boys attributed to themselves a year or two and fled to the military registration and enlistment offices.

In the film "Officers" there is a scene when Masha found Yegor's mother:

- Lyubov Andreevna! I graduated from the school of radio operators. I have to go to the front!

- Masha! But how ... What about the son ?! Why don't you leave him with your mother?

- My mother was hanged by the Germans ...

Now added to the willingness to fight was a personal hatred of the enemy.

Yesterday's boys and girls, already in their first battle, went with the determination to give their lives for the Motherland, for relatives and friends, for everything that was kind and bright in life, for the future of descendants.

But let death in the fire, in the smoke
The soldier will not be afraid,
And what is due to whom -
Let everyone do it.
It's time, it's time,
Let's go, friends, let's go!
For everything we lived yesterday
For everything that we are waiting for tomorrow!

And there were enough examples to follow. Not only from newspaper articles and reports of the Soviet Information Bureau about the exploits of Gastello, Matrosov and tens and hundreds of the same selfless fighters. It was right before my eyes, next to everyone, at the distance of a handshake, a look, a sigh.

“I don’t know what deeds we will accomplish, but this is what this girl ... in the war ...”

This is the phrase of Romeo from the movie "Only" old men "go to battle". A lump in my throat ...

All this, taken together, gave birth to a whole generation of Heroes. Soviet people were internally ready for a heroic deed. And not just ready - he did it! If not in battle, then in the operating room of a front-line hospital, at a factory machine, on a collective farm field, in a school building miraculously preserved after the bombing ...

And from such great and small feats, one huge unprecedented feat of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War was formed.

So what was Sergei Milashenkov thinking about in those brief moments between life and eternity?

Perhaps about the same as our contemporary Hero of Russia Roman Filipov, the same pilot of the downed Su-25 attack aircraft, who blew himself up with a grenade surrounded by thugs?

Or maybe the words sounded in Sergei's thoughts, which were then repeated more than once in the film about the "old people":

Guys! Will live!!!

These are words addressed to us, descendants. They sound like a mandate - to go from source to result and arrange life in such a way that there is enough happiness for everyone. So that,

Let's go, friends, let's go!


I am finishing 6th grade, and this text is an extracurricular school essay. My father suggested trying to publish it. He said that school grades are one thing, but the opinion of people who, firstly, know well history, secondly, the word “war” is perceived not as a history, but as a part of their biography - this is completely different. And there are such people on the "Military Review". And if this opus is considered worthy of publication, then we can hope for some kind words from these people - they will tell you what to read, what to learn, and in general, how to love the Motherland. And if I'm really lucky, and some troll appears in the comments, then I'll also get some life experience in addition.

I look forward to both.
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  1. Mouse
    Mouse 13 May 2021 18: 13
    There is only a moment between past and future
    It is he who is called life ...
    1. Alexey MC
      13 May 2021 21: 06
      It is he who is called life ...

      Thank you, I really like this song and the movie itself.
      That's how it is ... But when that moment, which is called life, is compressed to several heartbeats ...
      I tried to imagine how this happens - I had a chance to visit the cockpit of a combat aircraft (sorry, not in the air, but only at the edge of the airfield). No philosophical thoughts come out there. Or "Death to the enemy", or "Let's live!" And the difference is not that great.
    SERGE ANT 13 May 2021 18: 41
    Born September 15, 1921 in the village of Lesovoy
    Safonovsky district of the Smolensk region in the family
    peasant. Russian. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1943. In 1932
    together with his mother he moved to his sister in the city of Moscow, where
    finished the seven-year school and began independent labor
    a life. He worked in an artel of musical instruments,
    then in the printing house of the newspaper Pravda. Without leaving
    He graduated from the flying club and was drafted into the Red Army in 1940. Sent to the Engels Military Aviation Pilot School, which
    successfully graduated in 1942. On the fronts of the Great Patriotic War, he fights on the South-Western, 3rd and 2nd Ukrainian fronts.
    In March 1943, during a strike on a railway
    station Milashenkov's plane was hit by anti-aircraft fire
    artillery and fell on the territory occupied by the enemy.
    The wounded pilot and air gunner were taken prisoner. After
    interrogation Milasheknov was sent to Germany. On the way to
    escaped with two other prisoners. Eleven days walked to
    front lines. After crossing the Seversky Donets
    going out to his own, he became seriously ill. Spent almost two months
    hospital and then returned to the regiment.
    Soon he was appointed squadron commander. 13 october
    1943, at the head of the six "silts", a brave pilot inflicted
    strike on the forward positions of the enemy on the right bank of the Dnieper
    The group was attacked by enemy fighters
    Covering his comrades, Milashenkov launched a frontal attack and
    shot down the leader. Our planes returned without losses. By July 1944, made 90 successful sorties.
    twenty burned enemy tanks, 7 artillery
    mortar batteries, 22 anti-aircraft guns and hundreds of enemy
    soldiers and officers. More than 60 times led a group into battle
    July 14, 1944 six "Ilyushins", which was led
    senior lieutenant Milashenkov, attacked a column of tanks and
    self-propelled guns of the enemy in the area of ​​the village of Mikulichi (Vladimir-Volynsky district of the Volyn region of the Ukrainian SSR). The leader's plane was set on fire by anti-aircraft artillery. Then the pilot directed his burning plane at the concentration of enemy troops. He walked at low altitude, continuously firing machine guns from cannons, in a hurry release all the ammunition at the enemy until it crashes into the thick of enemy equipment. Air gunner Ivan Solop also died with the pilot.
    1. Alexey MC
      13 May 2021 21: 15
      Born September 15, 1921

      In archival documents, they are found on March 10 and 21. Officially (in the school museum and in memorial signs in the homeland of S.V. Milashenkov) the date was fixed on 21.03.21/XNUMX/XNUMX. Although, judging by the date of conscription, September looks more believable.
      Again, it is possible to be born in the winter, and the birth certificate can be obtained in the summer. Our brother and sister (I think they are from Kalmykia) study in an older class with an age difference of four months.
  3. Old Michael
    Old Michael 13 May 2021 20: 04
    Schoolchildren began to appear at VO.
    There was an article recently based on a school essay. Now here's the whole essay.
    Not a trend yet, but if the younger generation is not just interested in the military history of the Motherland, but is trying to comprehend it, then this is a good sign.
    Alexey, promote "Military Review" among friends and classmates! Perhaps this will help them become real men and (what the hell is not kidding) join the ranks of the defenders of the Fatherland!
    1. Alexey MC
      13 May 2021 21: 11
      promote "Military Review" among friends and classmates!

      I'm trying. But without much success. To be honest, I myself do not read all the articles with interest, even from the "History" section. And it also happens that the article is of interest, but commentators immediately convict the author of mortal sins. And here is a dilemma: to Yandex for clarification or "hmm ... then we'll figure it out."
      That's what I really like about VO, it's the opportunity to broaden my horizons, and to switch my brains after school.
      1. honda
        honda 13 May 2021 21: 34
        I completely agree, from the older generation we heard the article on ,, Zen ,, read the article .... From the category of ,, obs ,.
      2. Titus_2
        Titus_2 13 May 2021 22: 10
        Thank you for the article and I would like to know your age. For me, most of the articles are interesting for their comments and here it is already easier to separate the wheat from the chaff.
        1. Alexey MC
          13 May 2021 22: 31
          I would like to know your age.

          Good evening, Alex!
          14 years old, mustache is breaking through.
          And comments - yes, there are more meaningful than the article itself.
          Thank you for your kind words!
  4. honda
    honda 13 May 2021 21: 26
    The essence is conveyed correctly - everything is for the front, and everything is for victory. It is not even discussed. Interested in the question - what would everyone do now? What benefit would it bring? Yes, it looks like a list of professions, foreign to our country.
    1. Torins
      Torins 14 May 2021 00: 28
      Now in civilian life, but I know how to service the electronics of the Mi-8mtv and in a motorized rifle platoon I ran / shot a little with the SVD (I can't call myself a sniper, because I dealt with a real sniper and saw how they work), I hope it happens that I will not stay idle)
  5. Avior
    Avior 13 May 2021 21: 52
    it was not clear where the Hero's grave was.
    here it is written that he died near the village of Mikulichi (Vladimir-Volynsky district of the Volyn region).
    and there is a selection of documents from archive databases
    and it is written that he was buried in the same village.
    The leader's plane was set on fire by anti-aircraft artillery fire. Then the pilot directed his burning plane to the enemy convoy going along the road. Not reaching 200 m to the road, the plane passed to be controlled, went into a dive and crashed into the ground. Air gunner Ivan Afanasevich Solop also died with the pilot. Both pilots are buried in a mass grave in the village. Mikulichi.

    but there is no such thing in the list of military graves in the Volyn region.
    in the Memorial database, following the link from the previous site, we managed to find
    Information from burial lists
    ID 261889953
    Surname Milashenkov
    Name Sergey
    Patronymic Vasilievich
    Date of birth / Age __.__. 1921
    Military rank of Art. lieutenant
    Date of death 14.07.1944/XNUMX/XNUMX
    Burial country Ukraine
    Burial region Volyn region
    Burial place Ivanichevsky district, with. Minerskoe
    Where it was reburied from. Mikulichi
    This mass grave is on the list.
    Unfortunately, the photo of the burial could not be found.
    1. Alexey MC
      13 May 2021 22: 27
      photo of the burial place could not be found

      Hello Sergey!
      Thank you for your attention to the topic.
      A photo of the mass grave in Mikulichi is on the website of the executive committee of the Bobruisk district of the Mogilev region. But the burial passport does not contain the name of Milashenkov (or Miloshenkov, as he is mentioned in some documents).
      Really, information about him is crumbs. We tried to learn something in Engels, there is a very decent museum of the division, but about the pilot school - information is mainly of a general nature.
      Some unnumbered documents seem to be in Milashenkov's homeland (at school and in the local administration), but because of the virus, the trip there did not take place.
      Perhaps there is something in the recently declassified archives of the Ministry of Defense. But again, simple requests are not enough here, painstaking work is required and time, time, time ...
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 May 2021 23: 00
        Aleksey, Mikulichi in the Mogilev region is another village, the names coincide, this is a fairly common name in those places, it is found in Belarus, Ukraine, and in Russia, in the Smolensk region.
        Judging by what they write, they were buried near the village of Mikulichi in the Volyn region in Ukraine, and not in Belarus.Микуличи (Волынская область),
        and then, after the war, there was a reburial in this village
        59. Ukraine Volyn region З380-46 Ivanichevsky district, s. Shakhtyorskoe 2 20.07.1944/XNUMX/XNUMX

        2 20.07.1944
        - this is most likely 2 people and the date of burial.
        In principle, you can try to write to this forum here.
        this is a forum of search engines, and ask to take a picture of the grave, if someone from those who read it turns out to be in those places where on the forum they have already made such requests.
        Here is information about the hero with detailed links and sources for information on their reburial
        where there is a lot of information about the pilot.
        As for the information in the hero's homeland, there is also a link there.герои-сафоновского-района/
        at the Institute of the History of the MK Party and the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU, dozens of letters are kept addressed to the mother of Sergei Vasilyevich Milashenkova Ustinya Ivanovna (died March 5, 1958), and to his sisters.

        including a letter from his front-line comrade
        - Dear mother! I am writing to you with a feeling of deep respect, as the mother of the best, wonderful Russian ass, who managed to raise such a person as your Seryozha. Seryozha was and will be an example, the pride of our unit. We will never forget him and with his name we will smash the German monsters who snatched Sergei out of our ranks until they are completely destroyed. Mom, it is very difficult to write to you that he died, but the feeling of comradely duty, the duty of the guards' honor makes you do it. I have known Seryozha since the beginning of his combat activities ... From an ordinary pilot, he rose to the commander of a subunit. Having become a commander, he became the favorite of his subordinates. He was loved, respected and cared for as an older comrade. They recognized in the air by his special air gait: if there is a tight formation on the shaver, then it means that the group is led by Milashenkov. And then came the day of July 14, 1944. A day that I will never forget. On this day, Seryozha died. A group of our aircraft was ordered to destroy enemy equipment and manpower in one of the areas behind enemy lines. This group was headed by Sergey.

        It was a sunny, hot day. At 11 o'clock in the afternoon, Seryozha approached his plane with a hurried gait. The rocket and the motors are running. Sergei looked around his group, wave of his hand, the cars steered smoothly to the start. Serezha took off first, followed by the rest. He quickly gathered his group and headed west, carrying a deadly cargo to the vile enemy. We confidently waited for Seryozha, as it was before. But then the planes appeared, but there were not so many of them as flew away. Seryozha's plane was not among them. He was shot down by a German anti-aircraft gun. But, he died like a hero, crashing a burning car into an enemy convoy. His death, our dear commander, did not discourage us. For the death of Sergei, we are cruelly avenging the enemy. With greetings from the guard, senior sergeant Redkin.

        1. Alexey MC
          14 May 2021 16: 06
          Hello Sergey!

          Thank you for the information and I ask you to excuse the delay in answering ("... study, study, and study again!" Plus, do not believe it, we are preparing to pass the TRP standards!).
          On there really are a dozen links to archival documents collected in the banks of documents "Memorial" and "Hero of the People". However, on the portal "Memory of the People" all these documents are also available, and in a form that is more convenient for study and generalization. There is also information about the only military burial in the village. Minersky Ivanichevsky district in the Volyn region. This is the grave of Lieutenant Isaev and Private Martakov. Of the coinciding - only the date of death (by a similar similarity, the mass grave in Mogilev Mikulichi was also interested). Not far from Shakhtyorskoye, in Kamen-Kashirsky, there is another military burial, a large one - 453 soldiers are buried there, of which 126 are unknown. Among the famous Milashenkov is not.
          The most informative article about Milashenkov is the one you quote. It is she who roams the Internet with some bills. But, you see, two pages are crumbs. And copies and excerpts from the letters mentioned there are already in the school museum.
          PS For the idea to turn to Ukrainian search engines - special thanks!
          PPS If only they would not be put in a corner later stop
          1. Avior
            Avior 14 May 2021 17: 25
            Judging by Wikipedia, Shakhtyorskoye is a very small village, a little over a hundred inhabitants, and is located on the outskirts.
            In Shakhtyorskoy, they work on Google maps of panoramas, I tried to look, but did not see the monument.
            On the other hand, it is not clear where the record of the reburial in Shakhtyorskoye appeared in the Memorial database, I would not discount Mikulichi.
            PS For the idea to turn to Ukrainian search engines - special thanks!
            PPS If only they would not be put in a corner later

            You are welcome. I don't think they will have problems.
            Good luck in your search!
  6. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 17 May 2021 13: 40
    And let the followers of Western "liberal" values ​​say whatever they want, but against OUR spirit and self-sacrifice, they are like the Milky Way in the pose of an angry Egyptian. Under Kobe, they knew how to motivate the soldiers, why hide that ... you are "ganza", or "jonika", imagine in such a situevina ... immediately paws up to the mountain ...