Military Review

German "Panzerfaust" and their grenades

22

During the Great Patriotic War, one of the options for anti-tank weapons of the Nazi troops were the so-called "Panzerfaust". In fact, these are grenade launchers of a certain type of action, which in the Red Army were collectively called "Faustpatrones". If we talk about "Faustpatron" as the name of disposable German grenade launchers of the Second World War, then it is typical only for the first (light) versions of "Panzerfaust".


The peculiarity of the "Faustpatron" was its design. The "launcher" itself was as light as possible. The total weight is just over 3 kg. The grenade for the "Faustpatron", which was over-caliber, was fired when using a propellant charge. At the same time, a significant part of the gases generated during the shot was diverted back from the barrel, which was actually an ordinary tube.

Depending on the versions of the "Panzerfaust", the range of the shot also varied. The first versions made it possible to "throw" an anti-tank grenade at a distance of about 30 m. A little. In this version, the "Faustpatrons" were used, for example, during defensive "trench" battles - when Tanks approached as close as possible to the German positions. For samples that were produced later, the range exceeded 100-150 m.

On the channel "Pravda Zhizn" German "Panzerfaust" is considered, a certain comparison with the "Ryabushinsky pipe", which was created during the First World War, is presented.

Photos used:
still from the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring", directed by Tatyana Lioznova, USSR State Committee on Television and Radio Broadcasting
22 comments
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  1. Catfish
    Catfish 8 May 2021 18: 57
    +3
    Very cute video and with a healthy sense of humor. smile
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 May 2021 08: 47
      +9
      The sad thing is that the Soviet infantryman until the very end of the war did not have in his arsenal any adequate means of dealing with enemy armored vehicles, except for cumulative hand grenades "licked" by the same Germans. But the Germans managed in a short time to saturate their infantry units with a large number of effective anti-tank weapons from which our armored vehicles suffered heavy losses on the one hand, and on the other, these means helped the Germans to strengthen their soldier's confidence in the ability to resist enemy tanks, thereby ensuring the resilience of this soldier in defense.
      1. Alexander Kolotushkin
        Alexander Kolotushkin 5 June 2021 19: 24
        0
        HERE-will-have-to-confess-in street battles - our Army suffered heavy losses. When storming large and - less - cities. WITH LONG LIVES - WE - PAYED FOR VICTORY ... I don't know = what - and how - to say ... BUT - someone = and - when that ... IN - EU and NATO = it will be necessary = LET'S REPEAT.
  2. 123456789
    123456789 8 May 2021 19: 49
    +4

    World War II, like any war, is a huge grief for people and an extravaganza of technology. A lot of new types of equipment were created. Helpful and stupid, very "advanced" and simple "like a stick". The Great Patriotic War was no exception. The Soviet Union, whoever says anything, in terms of armaments, is "the world level and above." But in one there was a complete "presence of absence". These are hand grenade launchers. While the Yankees were shooting with might and main from the Bazookas, and the Germans in general from a whole series of Panzerfausts, Panzershrekov, Faustpatronov, "lazy research" RPG 1 was going on in the USSR. Why? In my opinion, the pre-war development of recoilless guns (namely, Panzerfast), which took place under the leadership of Leonid Kurchevsky and his "curator" Mikhail Tukhachevsky, had their say here. Trying to "stick" dynamo-reactive cannons "where possible and impossible": on fighters (I Z) and tanks (T 26) in the infantry and on the navy (destroyer "Engels"), they were able to "in the bud" discredit a very interesting idea. Read more in this video
    1. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 9 May 2021 00: 42
      +1
      Quote: 123456789
      ... But in one there was a complete "presence of absence". These are hand grenade launchers. While the Yankees were shooting with might and main from the Bazookas, and the Germans in general from a whole series of Panzerfausts, Panzershrekov, Faustpatronov, "lazy research" RPG 1 was going on in the USSR. Why?
      In the USSR, there was PTAB 2,5-1,5 ...
      ПrotativelyТanky АViaБomba 2,5-1,5 .
      The Red Army had to burn German tanks both on the defensive and in the offensive - they made an aerial bomb in 1942.
      The first combat use on July 5, 1943 at the Kursk Bulge. They were used from IL-2 attack aircraft in 48 cassettes; 2 cassettes were hung on IL-4.
      I will not argue about efficiency - just an opinion where the stream of cumulative developments was directed.
      ptab 2,5-1,5
      PTAB 2,5-1,5 soldier
    2. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 May 2021 11: 42
      +7
      Why did the Soviet soldiers not have effective short-range anti-tank weapons, except for the notorious "Voroshilov kilograms", "Molotov cocktails", bundles of grenades and after 1942 anti-tank cumulative grenades licked from the Germans? This is explained as follows: 1- after the Spanish war in the USSR, they made erroneous conclusions that cumulative projectiles are "non-burning projectiles" and instead of developing projectiles based on a high-speed cumulative jet, efforts were directed towards finding a composition for "burning" armor with a burning temperature. And only during the war, having familiarized themselves with the German cumulative ammunition, they realized their mistake and began to experiment with the cumulative jet.
      2- specialists and scientists who were engaged in the theory of the cumulative jet before the war were repressed and many were destroyed,
      3- for a long time they could not find the composition, configuration and thickness of the cumulative funnel,
      4- it was not possible to create sufficiently sensitive, reliable, safe and effectively transmitting the detonating beam fuses,
      5-the country's leaders considered that after 1943, the advancing Soviet army no longer needed short-range anti-tank weapons, since the troops were sufficiently saturated with armored vehicles and artillery,
      6-underestimation by the Soviet military commanders of the role of the close anti-tank equipment at the final stage of the Second World War due to the fact that they believed that such anti-tank equipment would not be able to deal with heavy German armored vehicles, which they believed would be used by the Germans in increasing numbers.
  3. Petr Vladimirovich
    Petr Vladimirovich 9 May 2021 02: 22
    +3
    In Algeria, behind the school there were targets, T-34s, on which they trained from RPG 7. Holes both in the frontal and in the tower through and through ...
  4. certero
    certero 9 May 2021 11: 42
    -4
    Quote: Snail N9
    did not have in his arsenal any adequate means of dealing with enemy armored vehicles, except for cumulative

    The Soviet infantryman, at the end of the war, had the support of significantly better anti-tank weapons in the form of anti-tank guns and tanks.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 9 May 2021 12: 33
      +2
      They were in the best version of the Wehrmacht ...
    2. Dilettante grandfather
      Dilettante grandfather 9 May 2021 19: 40
      +3
      And when there were no tanks, no IL-2, no anti-tank equipment in the vicinity? ..
  5. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 9 May 2021 12: 32
    +6
    How many lives would such a "Faus patron" save if it had been in service with the Red Army since the beginning of the war?
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 9 May 2021 14: 32
      +3
      Quote: Zaurbek
      whether it has been in service with the Red Army since the beginning of the war.

      Well, there would be a chemical industry like the Germans could and would have something like that in service .. And so explosives with a high detonation speed only by the end of the war began to "cook" in large volumes .... and before the war, it did not work out small, the cost price is like gold ..
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 9 May 2021 15: 59
        +3
        All hexogen was obtained through Lend-Lease. Only by the end of the war they mastered it and TGA production.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 9 May 2021 16: 08
          +2
          Quote: Snail N9
          All hexogen was obtained through Lend-Lease. Only by the end of the war they mastered it and TGA production.

          Before the war, they started, but a ton came out for some kind of unthinkable money at that time - about 26 thousand rubles ...
  6. Shiden
    Shiden 9 May 2021 13: 23
    +3
    I read the book "Remembrance of a Weapon Master" and so there is described a case in 43 on the Kursk Bulge, a warehouse with Faustpatrons was seized and the author tested and described recommendations for the use of this weapon. Fortunately, the faustpatron was a simple weapon, and all the faustpatrones were transferred to sapper-assault divisions.
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 9 May 2021 14: 28
      +3
      Quote: Shiden
      and all the faust cartridges were transferred to sapper-assault divisions

      So even instructions on how to apply and use in the troops were distributed ... Military small circulation of sadness ... the zampolites were and distributed ...
  7. certero
    certero 9 May 2021 19: 33
    +3
    Quote: Zaurbek
    How many lives would such a "Faus patron" save?

    if the Soviet industry was so developed that it could produce faust cartridges in mass quantities, then instead of them it would make better anti-tank shells for 45 tanks. I would make more shells with large-caliber guns, make better engines for fighters and bombers. Etc.
    most forget that the Soviet Union was a rather poor country and not as developed as Germany.
    1. Dilettante grandfather
      Dilettante grandfather 9 May 2021 19: 50
      -4
      Comrade, are you not aware that the USSR was one of the richest countries? If this were not so, then rotten, oops, rotting imperialism would not try with all its might to destroy the USSR. The USSR was the richest country on the planet. The problem was in those who seized power, and not in "poverty". The Political Bureau of the CPSU did not come into contact with reality, due to the fact that they lived in a parallel one. They tried to do everything for their own purposes, and not for the welfare of the people. Here is the result - they profiled the country. And so - the DR guns of Kurchevsky were developed earlier than in Germany - the faust cartridges.
  8. certero
    certero 13 May 2021 21: 12
    +1
    Quote: Grandfather is an amateur
    Are you not aware that the USSR was one of the richest countries? .. Rich in human resources, inquiring minds, in those who were happy to develop all kinds of

    No inquiring mind can replace appropriate education and experience.
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 15 May 2021 11: 41
      +1
      Quote: certero
      No inquiring mind can replace appropriate education and experience.

      Especially when it is needed in large quantities.
  9. certero
    certero 13 May 2021 21: 13
    +1
    Quote: Shiden
    and so there is a case described in 43 on the Kursk Bulge, a warehouse with Faustpatrons was seized

    Was there already a mass quantity of faust cartridges at the Kursk Bulge of 43?
    1. zenion
      zenion 8 June 2021 00: 14
      0
      Faust appeared when Soviet tanks began to suppress the tanks of a united Europe. And it started when the Germans got back to Germany. That is, at the end of 1944. It seems to me that the Americans gave them the idea.