Military Review

Anti-missile 53T6M against the background of modernization of missile defense

37

On April 26, the Ministry of Defense announced the next test launch of a new interceptor missile from the strategic missile defense system. Official reports about this event, as always, do not differ in detail, but it is clear that it is of great importance for the development of missile defense and national security in general.


According to official data


According to the Ministry of Defense, a new test launch took place at the Sary-Shagan training ground in Kazakhstan. It was carried out by the combat crew of the air and missile defense forces of the Aerospace Forces. The launch was named successful, but the features of the tasks being solved and other details are not given. In particular, the type of missile used is not specified.

The message cites the words of Major General Sergei Grabchuk, commander of the ABC formation. He said that the new anti-missile missile, as part of a series of tests, confirmed the inherent characteristics. The combat crews successfully coped with the tasks and hit the conditional target with the given accuracy.

As in previous times, a video was published demonstrating the different stages of preparation for launch and the launch of an interceptor missile. Shown is the delivery of a transport and launch container to the landfill with subsequent loading into the launcher. Then the launch of the rocket is demonstrated: leaving clouds of smoke, it quickly goes up, breaks through the nearest cloud and flies towards the target.


Despite the lack of such information in the official message, it is possible to understand which rocket was tested. The characteristic appearance of the product and its TPK, as well as the features of the launch, indicate the use of an upgraded 53T6M or PRS-1M missile from the A-135 "Amur" missile defense system.

Serial testing


It should be noted that launches of 53T6M / PRS-1M interceptor missiles have already become a common event. Such events are held every few months, thanks to which the equipment passes the necessary checks, and the calculations get the opportunity to train in conditions as close as possible to combat.

Previous missile launches took place in October and November last year. As reported, both anti-missile missiles of the new type successfully hit conditional targets. Earlier, two similar exercises were held in the summer of 2019, and during 2018, they conducted five launches of the latest modification of the rocket.

According to unconfirmed reports, the PRS-1M rocket was first tested back in 2011. Regular launches, according to various sources, began in 2013 or later. In total, at least 10 launches of 53T6M have been carried out to date. For another 5-6 events, there are no exact data - they could have used both an upgraded rocket and the basic version of the 53T6M / PRS-1.


All test activities with the use of 53T6 (M) are carried out at the Sary-Shagan test site, they use the Amur-P anti-missile system. In terms of its configuration and capabilities, it corresponds to the full-fledged A-135 system deployed around Moscow. The missile defense polygon complex is used to test all new components that are subsequently introduced into the combat.

According to known data, 53T6 (M) missiles have a launch mass of up to 10 tons and carry a warhead weighing at least 500 kg. The original modification was completed with a special warhead with a capacity of 10 kt; an upgraded product, according to various estimates, can carry a high-explosive fragmentation charge. The 53T6 anti-missile missile, after modernization, is capable of hitting ballistic targets at ranges up to 100 km and altitudes of 300 km. Flight speed - not less than 3-4 km / s.

Defense components


The development and testing of the updated 53T6M interceptor missile is one of the key areas of the larger strategic missile defense modernization program. In parallel with the work on the anti-missile missile, other components of the missile defense system are being updated, designed to increase the effectiveness of the system as a whole. According to the approved plan, the modernization program is carried out without removing the facilities from duty and should be completed by 2022.

Work on the modernization of the Don-2N radar station, which is one of the main elements of missile defense, is close to completion. In January, it was reported that new units of the receiving and transmitting parts were installed at the station, after which adjustment work is underway. New computing equipment is being installed. The new system "Elbrus-90S" compares favorably with the old "Elbrus-2" in smaller size and energy consumption while increasing productivity.


It was argued that the installation of new devices will take some time, after which the station will be prepared for preliminary tests. The exact timing of these works was not named, but all modernization measures should be completed by the beginning of next year.

Earlier, the modernization of launchers for the PRS-1 (M) anti-missile was carried out. Repair and re-equipment with the help of new units passed the starting positions in the Moscow region and at the Sary-Shagan training ground.

Perspective directions


According to known data, the modernization of the A-135 "Amur" system is carried out according to the A-235 project. Possible code of works "Nudol". This project provides for the preservation of existing facilities and components during their modernization, as well as the introduction of new products. In particular, it is reported about the development and testing of a completely new anti-missile missile.

Since 2014, foreign media regularly mention test launches of a new missile included in the A-235 system. Seven launches are reported until 2020 inclusive. The appearance and characteristics of such a product remain unknown. At the same time, it is mentioned that this anti-missile will provide long-range and transatmospheric interception, and will also be able to fight satellites in low orbits. The launch of a new rocket is carried out from a mobile installation.


Foreign information about new components for the A-235 has not yet received official confirmation. However, it can appear at any time. The process of modernizing the existing A-135 missile defense system is successfully continuing and will be completed in the near future. It is quite possible that after this the Ministry of Defense will begin to reveal the latest achievements and new capabilities of the strategic missile defense.

Secrecy and effect


For obvious reasons directly related to national security, the Ministry of Defense is in no hurry to announce the entire course of the current work on the modernization of missile defense, and also does not disclose the characteristics of new models of equipment and devices. In some cases, even the very existence of a new product is not confirmed.

However, the secrecy does not exclude the publication of various News and even reports from the scene. In recent years - to the delight of technology lovers - every launch of new interceptor missiles has been removed and shown to the public. And each video from PRS-1M / 53T6M naturally attracts the attention of domestic and foreign viewers, experts and the press.

It is likely that in the near future the Ministry of Defense will show tests of all new missile defense components, including a promising long-range intercept missile. Such a demonstration will demonstrate the results of the work carried out, give our public another reason to be proud, and also make a potential adversary think. In the meantime, such tasks are being solved using the PRS-1M tests.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
37 comments
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  1. mark1
    mark1 April 30 2021 18: 43
    +1
    Features:
    Engine length without nozzle, m 7
    Engine thrust 1000 t
    Engine operation time, s 4
    Length, m ~ 12
    Diameter, m ~ 1,7-1,8
    Weight 10000 kg
    Warhead weight ~ 700 kg
    Warhead weight ~ 150 kg
    Range, km 80-100
    Height of defeat, km 5-30
    Rocket speed, km / s 5,5
    Rate of climb to an altitude of 30 km, from 6
    Acceleration time to maximum speed, s 4
    Time to exit the mine from the moment of launch, s 0,4
    Maximum overloads:
    - longitudinal
    - transverse
    210g
    90 g
    The warranty period is 10 years, with the prospect of extension to 15-20 years.
    As you can see, the performance characteristics are slightly different. Who is right and who is wrong?
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 30 2021 20: 32
      -3
      Rocket 53T6
      analogue of the American Sprint rocket
      it was created in the mid-60s. The warhead of the rocket was a neutron W-66 kiloton equivalent. When detonated, the warhead hit the enemy warhead with a stream of neutron radiation. Penetrating the warhead, neutrons created a "pop" effect - a chain reaction without reaching a critical mass, which led to the destruction of the warhead. In 1976, the system was mothballed. Sprint missiles were used in the 1980s to experiment with the development of conventional interceptor missiles for the SDI program.
      1. Gippo
        Gippo April 30 2021 21: 13
        0
        Well, they took it straight from the tongue.
        I will add that the relevance of a nuclear warhead also disappeared, in principle, at the same time.
        1. D16
          D16 April 30 2021 22: 20
          +4
          I will add that the relevance of a nuclear warhead also disappeared, in principle, at the same time.

          What has changed since then? The neutron flux is not the same today, or some other occasion?
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 1 May 2021 14: 03
            -2
            Warheads began to be made of a material that significantly reduces the effect of a flux of fast neutrons by adding Beryllium and Boron to the alloys.
            1. D16
              D16 1 May 2021 18: 48
              0
              It depends on the distance at which it bangs.
      2. lopvlad
        lopvlad 1 May 2021 03: 39
        +1
        Quote: Vadim237
        Rocket 53T6
        analogue of the American Sprint rocket


        - Greetings to the commander of the tank corps!
        - So we only had one tank in service?
        - There was a tank and now only its body remains-
    2. Sancho_SP
      Sancho_SP April 30 2021 23: 16
      +1
      I may confuse something, but how does an engine with a thrust of thousands of tons accelerate a product weighing 10 tons with an overload of 210g?

      More than two steps? Or does the fuel burn out unevenly?
  2. Intruder
    Intruder April 30 2021 18: 48
    +1
    Elbrus-90S
    Hmm, not this gloomy computing complex, which:
    1. Adopted for supply to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 2001 in a stationary version with an MCST-R150 processor, and then 2. In 2004, a version with an MCST-R500 microprocessor was adopted (and possibly in the latest versions: MCST R-1000 (project name MCST -4R, marked as "1891ВМ6Я") is a microprocessor of the Russian company MCST from a series of MCST-R processors based on the SPARC architecture, which was originally developed in 1985 by Sun Microsystems. with SPARC v2015 architecture and vector extensions VIS9 and VIS1; also has its own extensions of the instruction set.It is a quad-core system on a chip with built-in cache of the second level, a memory controller and peripheral channel controllers.The microcircuit is designed according to technological standards 2 microns using libraries of standard elements.The microprocessor R-0,09 is designed for for high-performance computing systems, single-board computers, wearable and embedded solutions, mainly developed by order of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Passed state tests and is recommended for serial production. Computers based on the R-1000 processor are used in data centers, missile warning systems, and cryptographic equipment. They are produced in small batches of several dozen sets per month, some of the processors are produced in Taiwan according to Russian documentation to reduce the cost, but only domestic products are used in the computer complexes of the early warning system ...), operates under the control of the Solaris OS and GNU / Linux (MSVS), designed for work in harsh operating conditions - operator workstation, cabinet design, Euromechanics and cPCI constructs !?
    1. Genry
      Genry April 30 2021 19: 27
      +3
      Quote: Intruder
      Hmm, not this gloomy computing complex, which:
      1. Adopted for supply to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 2001 in a stationary version with an MCST-R150 processor, and then 2. In 2004, a version with an MCST-R500 microprocessor was adopted (and possibly in the latest versions: MCST R-1000 (project name MCST -4R, marked as "1891ВМ6Я") microprocessor

      You didn’t copy and paste information about Elbrus-90micro from Wikipedia?
      Do you think there is a difference in the notation in all sorts of prefixes, suffixes and periods?
  3. Pavel57
    Pavel57 April 30 2021 21: 18
    0
    Repairs and re-equipment with the help of new units passed the starting positions in the Moscow region and at the Sary-Shagan training ground.

    Those PUs that are in the Moscow region are practically located in Moscow.
  4. Saxahorse
    Saxahorse April 30 2021 21: 49
    0
    Looks harsh, and there are performance characteristics. However, there is a feeling that this serious interceptor missile is intended exclusively against random launches of some crazy psychos who launched a couple of missiles on the capital with the aim of provocation. Of course, such systems cannot repel a real, massive blow, they are simply too few.
    1. D16
      D16 April 30 2021 22: 17
      0
      exclusively against random launches of some crazy psychos who launched a couple of missiles on the capital with the aim of provocation.

      This is done in case of a serious war to protect a specific object. For the situation you described, a GBI is created.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 1 May 2021 14: 07
        -1
        In Russia, the C 500 is being created just to cover cities and important industrial areas.
      2. 3danimal
        3danimal 2 May 2021 05: 19
        0
        She has been working for a long time. Posted in a recent comment here.
    2. Sancho_SP
      Sancho_SP April 30 2021 23: 18
      +1
      And here the main question is how many of them are there. For a fat object, especially if the level of its cover is known in advance, and a dozen warheads are not a pity.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 1 May 2021 10: 22
        0
        "Bold Object" - the capital of Russia, the city of Moscow. There is something to protect.
        Worse, the whole system is tied to one single stationary radar
        Don-2. If it is disabled, there is no missile defense system for Moscow.
        An approximate American analogue is the THAAD system. Also hits the warhead of an ICBM on
        downhill, protecting the object. But she's mobile. There are many radars.
        1. CastroRuiz
          CastroRuiz 1 May 2021 10: 38
          -1
          A-235 Nudol equivalent to THAAD.
        2. Hermit21
          Hermit21 1 May 2021 10: 40
          +3
          No need to fantasize. THAAD limit - MRBM with a range of up to 3500 km
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 1 May 2021 10: 42
            -2
            You are confused with the Aegis SM-3 missile.
            1. Hermit21
              Hermit21 1 May 2021 13: 17
              +3
              As many as two times. Neither one nor the other BBIN ICBMs are unable to intercept
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal 2 May 2021 04: 51
                +1
                What exactly can be GMBD.
                Rocket (GBI):
                The length is 16,8 meters, the curb weight is 12,7 tons.
                The estimated range of the missile varies depending on the altitude of the trajectory and ranges from 2000 to 5500 km. Maximum launch altitude - 2000 km





                44 interceptor missiles have been deployed in Alaska and California, in November 2017, funding was requested to deploy 20 more interceptor missiles in Alaska.

                Radar:

          2. 3danimal
            3danimal 2 May 2021 05: 04
            +1
            The 51T6 (long-range) missile of the A-235 complex has a shorter range than the GMBD (1000-1500 km), the 14Ts033 (medium-range) missile - 200-300 km, comparable to THAAD.
            But their guidance system is radio command, this is the weak link.
            The GMBD and THAAD missiles have a seeker in the final section.
            They cost more (but it doesn't matter).
            About $ 2,3 billion for 1 complex without radar.
            The cost of the AN / TPY-2 radar is $ 574 million.
            In 2011, 22 interceptor missiles were purchased for $ 1 billion, in 2012 - 42 interceptors for $ 999 million, in 2013 it is planned to purchase 36 interceptors, spending $ 777 million on them (for the United States).

            About $ 23,8 million per rocket.

            THAAD has an impressive radar:

            Detection range: 1000 km
            Range: X-Range
            Scanning angles in elevation: 10-60 ° (within the elevation angle 0-80 °)
            Beam Control: Electromechanical
            Type: CAR

            A rocket with a transatmospheric kinetic interceptor and its own seeker, accelerates to 2800 m / s and has a weight of only 900 kg.
        3. bk0010
          bk0010 1 May 2021 14: 20
          +2
          Quote: voyaka uh
          "Bold Object" - the capital of Russia, the city of Moscow
          They are not defending Moscow, but specific bunkers. The task is to give an additional couple of minutes to issue a command to retaliate.
          1. 3danimal
            3danimal 2 May 2021 05: 23
            -1
            If missiles flew across Moscow, where there is a missile defense system, then it may be an MRBM (new Pershing-2) in an amount exceeding the defense capabilities. I would allocate one or two SSBNs for such a purpose, re-equipping them with MRBMs, launches from the Baltic Sea.
            And at the same time on the mine ICBM, on the berths with SSBNs (if the command was stupid to keep them there).
            An overwhelming number of hunting boats are already attacking / sunk the SSBNs on duty. (Disarming Strike)
            As a result, less than 50% of the available warheads will fly in response.
            Mobile earth systems are best protected in this scenario.
            1. bk0010
              bk0010 2 May 2021 12: 48
              +1
              Quote: 3danimal
              I would allocate one or two SSBNs for such a purpose, re-equipping them with MRBMs, launches from the Baltic Sea.
              SSBNs do not enter the Baltic (the average depth of 51 m is not enough), MRBMs for underwater launch do not exist (not in terms of range, here the old Polaris are just suitable, but as a class).
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal 2 May 2021 12: 55
                -1
                MRBM underwater launch do not exist

                The United States does not have them at all (the Pershing cut them), for now.
                average depth 51 m - not enough

                New Columbia and Ohio are 12-13m in diameter. Draft - 11m. Should be enough. Special operation request
                The most convenient option: no need to substitute Poland or the Baltic countries, persuade / force them. Land installations can become known to the enemy.
                And the nuclear submarine will enter shortly before use, during the previous escalation.
  5. acetophenon
    acetophenon 1 May 2021 00: 43
    +2
    Quote: Sancho_SP
    I may confuse something, but how does an engine with a thrust of thousands of tons accelerate a product weighing 10 tons with an overload of 210g?

    More than two steps? Or does the fuel burn out unevenly?

    In general, the numbers are some ... left-handed. The speed with the acceleration time and the ascent time for 30 km also do not agree. In short, this is fake data. For the dumbest spies.
  6. lopvlad
    lopvlad 1 May 2021 03: 32
    +3
    According to known data, the modernization of the A-135 "Amur" system is carried out according to the A-235 project. Possible code of works "Nudol". This project provides for the preservation of existing facilities and components during their modernization, as well as the introduction of new products. In particular, it is reported about the development and testing of a completely new anti-missile missile.



    The A-235 "Nudol" is not a modernization of the A-135 "Amur", but a completely independent project of the missile defense system, the development of which has been going on since the end of the 70s with a break in development throughout the 90s and the resumption of work in the XNUMXs. and components during their modernization "then this is world practice, only the electronic filling of the" brains "of control points and launching shafts is changing, and all new missiles are designed in size to fit the dimensions of the launching silos.
    Since the missile defense systems have a modular design principle, the replacement of the missile defense control system will not happen overnight, but will smoothly flow from the A-135 "Amur" to the A-235 "Nudol", or rather, it has already flowed over the course of several years. Moreover, for obvious reasons, the "brains" of the A-235 "Nudol" will support, in addition to new missiles, the old types of missiles from the A-135 "Amur" system.
  7. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 1 May 2021 10: 32
    -2
    PRO A-235 Nudol is the equivalent of THAAD.
  8. Old26
    Old26 1 May 2021 16: 26
    +3
    The 53T6 anti-missile missile, after modernization, is capable of hitting ballistic targets at ranges up to 100 km and altitudes of 300 km.

    In fact, the opposite is true. Up to heights of 100 km and at a distance of 300 km

    Quote: Sancho_SP
    I may confuse something, but how does an engine with a thrust of thousands of tons accelerate a product weighing 10 tons with an overload of 210g?

    Alexander! Not certainly in that way. 210 g is the maximum permissible longitudinal overload.

    Quote: Saxahorse
    Looks harsh, and there are performance characteristics. However, there is a feeling that this serious interceptor missile is intended exclusively against random launches of some crazy psychos who launched a couple of missiles on the capital with the aim of provocation. Of course, such systems cannot repel a real, massive blow, they are simply too few.

    And this is the case for all missile defense systems. EMNIP missile defense system A-135M is capable of destroying, if my memory serves me right, up to 16 paired targets. The same is with the US missile defense system based on GBI interceptor missiles. 44 interceptor missiles in Alaska are capable of intercepting 2-3 Voevoda ICBMs
    1. Sancho_SP
      Sancho_SP 2 May 2021 10: 29
      0
      And how can the maximum longitudinal overload with a plus be created by anything other than the engine? Unless the craving is not constant ..

      As for the interception abilities, we must also take into account that the interception is far from 100% likely to occur.
  9. Old26
    Old26 1 May 2021 20: 22
    +3
    Quote: acetophenon
    Quote: Sancho_SP
    I may confuse something, but how does an engine with a thrust of thousands of tons accelerate a product weighing 10 tons with an overload of 210g?

    More than two steps? Or does the fuel burn out unevenly?

    In general, the numbers are some ... left-handed. The speed with the acceleration time and the ascent time for 30 km also do not agree. In short, this is fake data. For the dumbest spies.

    Well, the speed at the start is colossal. The rocket is practically invisible at launch. How much exactly (TTX) is, of course, unknown, but the numbers are close to real
    1. 3danimal
      3danimal 2 May 2021 06: 02
      0
      Can not see? The rocket gains speed gradually (some over the first space)
      Here is the GBI:
      https://youtu.be/1RXho6tnUdI

      Here is SM-3:
      https://youtu.be/1ds_cFxPu38

      Here is the THAAD:
      https://youtu.be/D0zqSUqUuCI

      Comparable to long-range air defense systems at the start.
    2. Sancho_SP
      Sancho_SP 2 May 2021 10: 35
      +1
      The speed at the start is zero, if you really get to the bottom of the words)) But the acceleration is yes.

      A thrust of a thousand tons accelerates an object weighing 10 tons for almost a kilometer per second squared. Moreover, if the thrust does not fall as the fuel burns out, then the acceleration will only increase.

      The distance of 100 kilometers should be covered in 20-25 seconds.


      Sounds like the truth ,?
      1. 3danimal
        3danimal 5 May 2021 11: 10
        0
        I don't know where they got 1000 m / s2.
        Using GBI as an example:
        The missile is 16,8 meters long and weighs 12,7 tons. The first stage of the rocket is equipped with an Alliant Tech Orion 50SXLG solid-propellant engine with a thrust of 441 kn, the second - an Alliant Tech Orion 50XL with a thrust of up to 153 kn, and the third - an Alliant Tech Orion 38 with a thrust of up to 32 kn.
        The estimated range of the rocket varies depending on the height of the trajectory and ranges from 2000 to 5500 km. The maximum launch height is 2000 km.

        We divide 441000N by 12700kg, we get an acceleration of 34,7 m / s2 at the start. Subtracting the acceleration due to gravity (9,81), we get 24,9 m / s2, about 2,54g.
        For 60s of operation of the 1st stage engine, it will reach a speed of 1500 m / s.
        And the maximum can exceed 7 km / s.
        1. Sancho_SP
          Sancho_SP 5 May 2021 12: 24
          0
          The fact of the matter is that a thrust of 441 kN is roughly 44 tons. And we have declared a thousand (!) In the text of the article. Hence the questions.