Military Review

A scout from God: he was the first to find Hitler's lair in Ukraine

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A scout from God: he was the first to find Hitler's lair in Ukraine

So in the first part "Scout from God: a scalpel to remove a tumor of fascism" we told that Nikolai Kuznetsov was taken to the capital.


He was registered as a secret special agent. But setting it up in Moscow was not so easy.

The fact is that even more senior employees in those years were forced to squeeze in communal rooms. Separate apartments were then allocated only to big bosses. Nevertheless, Nikolai was then "knocked out" of his apartment in Moscow. After all, he was to closely communicate with the employees of the German diplomatic mission in his new job.

The location of his new separate housing was very prestigious: now it is Staraya Basmannaya street (former Karl Marx street), house 20.


Paul Siebert in the squad. Painting by G. Ponomarenko. Source: smolbattle.ru

But he had such a legend in Moscow: now he rented this apartment as a real German. Someone Rudolf Schmidt. Moreover, this Rudi was born in the German town of Saarbrücken. And when he was two years old, his parents moved with him to the USSR, and then he grew up and went to school.

It was for this German surname that he received a passport. And the rank is senior lieutenant. But in parallel, he was released from service on a certificate of poor health. The civilian profession was given - a test engineer at an aircraft plant.

The colonist grabbed everything on the fly from his Moscow Chekist teachers. And, according to his operators, by the beginning of the war he was the most experienced professional. Why is there - they said about him "a scout from God."


The dirty deeds of German diplomats


It turns out that German diplomats in pre-war Moscow traded in underwear and foreign watches. It was fashionable for this public to buy antiques, icons and jewelry with the money raised. They preferred to take these items from the Russian intelligentsia as heirlooms.

After work, employees of diplomatic missions fled to theaters or in search of available ladies. It was in these places that they thought at first to introduce the Colonist for acquaintances and meetings with German diplomats. To make him feel like a fish in water in a diplomatic environment, tutors were assigned to him. Yes, not any, but from the Bolshoi Theater. It took him to learn good manners, etiquette and give him an elite pronunciation. About a month later, the Colonist became his own in antique shops, theaters and trendy restaurants.


Postcard. Hero of the Soviet Union N.I. Kuznetsov. Moscow, 1972 Source: auction.ru

He was a frequent visitor to Metropol and National. He shone among charming actresses who served as cute baits for foreign diplomats. The colonist made toasts very beautifully under the rivers of champagne. To the tips of the embassy staff, they blurted out information with interest. Soon the Colonist became his own board for the Moscow elite.

Its operator was State Security Major Vasily Ryasnoy (counterintelligence genius). He aimed the Colonist at a jewelry commission in Stoleshnikov Lane. It was known that it was there that German diplomats illegally bargain from under the counter. It was there that it was planned to look for possible sources of information.

Siebert's new life


So, about six months before the start of the war, Kuznetsov was planned to be sent to work abroad, but the Great Patriotic War violated the plans. Kuznetsov asked to go to the front. But the leadership has developed a new mission for him.

In December 1941, near Moscow, our troops defeated the headquarters of the German unit, where the personal files of the officers who had just been killed, who had not yet been included in the official lists of the dead, survived. The folders were without photographs, but the description of the appearance of one of the Germans almost completely coincided with the appearance of Kuznetsov: eye color, hair, height, leg size and even blood type - exactly the same. Kuznetsov's German twin was named Paul Siebert. General Sudoplatov approved the resurrection of Siebert.


Now our Kuznetsov became the chief lieutenant of the 230th regiment of the 76th infantry division, Paul Wilhelm Siebert. He was a holder of two Iron Crosses and a medal "For the winter campaign to the East." He was wounded on the Eastern Front. In this regard, for the period of restoration, he was listed as an emergency authorized economic command (Wirtschaftskommando) for the use of material resources of the occupied regions of the USSR in the interests of the Wehrmacht. This position made it possible for Kuznetsov to have enough money, move around the occupied zone without hindrance, and visit different offices.

Our experts trained him in details on the organization and composition of the German Armed Forces, regulations, insignia, titles and awards. He watched the most fashionable pre-war German films, and also reread a dozen popular books among German youth of those years. Moreover, for completeness of immersion in Wednesday, Kuznetsov lived for three months in an officer's barracks with German prisoners of war in Krasnogorsk. As a result of special trainings, senior comrades took an exam from Kuznetsov and felt that he was completely ready for a new mission.


Nikolai Kuznetsov received another name: Nikolai Vasilievich Grachev and the pseudonym Pooh. Under this name, in July, he was enlisted in the special forces detachment "Winners". It was commanded by State Security Captain Dmitry Nikolaevich Medvedev (pseudonym Timofey). In short, the task of Pooh was now to eliminate high-ranking German officials of the Reichskommissariat of Ukraine (RKU).

Kuznetsov was dropped by parachute near Rovno. The Nazis turned this town into the capital of German Ukraine, having concentrated almost 250 offices of the highest military leadership there during the occupation.

He was the first to discover Hitler's secret residence in Ukraine


Pooh analyzed a lot of information. And he concluded that the search for Hitler's lair in Ukraine should not be near Kiev at all, but near Lutsk or Vinnitsa.

He found the reasoning for his version in the local press, which was then published in two languages: in German and Ukrainian. The scout drew attention to a note in the mouthpiece of the Ukrainian nationalists of those years called "Volyn", where it was reported that a performance of the Berlin Opera was organized in Vinnitsa. The event was personally attended by Hermann Goering himself.

And Deutsche Ukrainishetsaitung wrote that Wagner's opera Tannhäuser was brought to the Vinnytsia theater and that the commander of the Wehrmacht, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, had the honor to listen to Wagner that evening in Vinnytsia.

It would seem, for the sake of what German artists dragged themselves into such a Ukrainian hole? Was it really to please Hitler himself, who loved opera? Kuznetsov reasoned something like this. But for him one guess about a special opera tour to Vinnitsa was not enough. More serious leads had to be found before considering Hitler's secret place of permanent residence in Ukraine - Vinnitsa.


Hero of the Soviet Union N.I. Kuznetsov, 1966. Sheet with a stamp. Source: auction.ru

And here Kuznetsov was helped by his connections among German officials in Ukraine. From his new acquaintances, he learned that the High Commissioner of Ukraine Erich Koch rushed to Vinnitsa. Moreover, Kuznetsov's new friend, SS Sturmbannfuehrer Ulrich von Ortel, went there, too, who, before leaving under the brandy, got into a conversation and blurted out to our Siebert that he would meet with Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler himself. This one was the Fuehrer's shadow. That is, everything spoke in favor of the fact that Hitler's lair was located somewhere near Vinnitsa.

Summarizing the facts and arguments, Kuznetsov laid out everything to Timofey, who agreed that Hitler settled exactly near Vinnitsa. The encryption went to the Center. And already on December 22, 1942, a dozen Soviet bombers bombed Hitler's Ukrainian lair "Werewolf".

Hitler's endless tours to Ukraine were described in more detail in the material "Hitler's Palace in Ukraine: Secret Trips", but about the personal residence of Adolf Hitler in Ukraine - in the article Hitler's Palace in Ukraine: "Werewolf".

In the next part, we will talk about how Kuznetsov's report saved Stalin by warning of the assassination attempt in Tehran, as well as how he saved thousands of lives of Soviet soldiers on the Kursk Bulge with his information.


Monument to the scout NI Kuznetsov in Tyumen.

To be continued ...
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25 comments
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  1. tank64rus
    tank64rus April 28 2021 18: 19
    +9
    How Bandera still hate him. Indeed the Great Scout by the Grace of God.
    1. knn54
      knn54 April 28 2021 19: 14
      +6
      After the liquidation of one of the Nazi bosses, he planted a notebook of one of the prominent OUN figures near the "event" site.
      Thus, he sowed distrust of the Nazis towards the nationalists.
      Unfortunately I forgot the names of the "actors".
    2. Darkness
      Darkness April 29 2021 19: 17
      0
      And there is no need to exaggerate the colors unnecessarily. I have never seen such a thing. 25 years already I have been living in the Banderlog itself - I have seen and heard everything, but if they hate Siebert, then they silently ...
  2. Richard
    Richard April 28 2021 18: 52
    +10
    Its operator was State Security Major Vasily Ryasnoy (counterintelligence genius). He aimed the Colonist at a jewelry commission in Stoleshnikov Lane. It was known that it was there that German diplomats illegally bargain from under the counter. It was there that it was planned to look for possible sources of information.

    Major of State Security Vasily Stepanovich Ryasnoy became only after the beginning of the Second World War, namely 06.09.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX ( link: Order of the NKVD of the USSR No. 1509 dated 06.09.1941/1940/XNUMX), when all German diplomats were already interned. Until August XNUMX, he was a senior lieutenant in state security. (link:Order of the NKVD of the USSR No. 1080 of 09.08.1940/XNUMX/XNUMX)
    And in the 1st department of the 1st department of the 2nd directorate of the NKGB of the USSR (operative service of the German missions in Moscow), he has only been working since March 1941. Here the author is clearly confusing something.
  3. Richard
    Richard April 28 2021 19: 47
    +7
    He was the first to discover Hitler's secret residence in Ukraine

    But what Panteleimon Kondratyevich Ponomarenko reports, the head of the Central Staff of the Partisan Movement at the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command of the Red Army, in his book "The All-People's Struggle in the Rear of the German Fascist Invaders. 1941-1944". M., 1986:
    The Werewolf was built from September 1941 to April 1942. The construction of the Werewolf headquarters near Vinitsa lasted from December 1941 to June 1942 in extreme secrecy. The Germans deliberately spread rumors about the construction of a sanatorium for front-line soldiers. The construction involved not only German contractors who built the main secret facilities, but also civilian residents of European countries. Nevertheless, in December 1942, the Kiev underground workers of the group of the secretary of the underground party committee of the Petrovsky region of the mountains. Kiev T. Sklyarenko received information about Hitler's arrival in Vinnitsa and reported this to Moscow. On December 22, 1942, Soviet bombers struck a sanatorium under construction for front-line soldiers near Vinitsa
  4. zenion
    zenion April 28 2021 19: 51
    +3
    Was in the place where Hitler's headquarters was. Not far from Vinnitsa, near the town of Kalinovka. There was a capital bunker. But there was no way to enter there. When the Germans left, the bunker was blown up. The walls there were three meters thick. This explosion blocked the entrance to what was left. And the place is beautiful there. There are many birches and something like a lake nearby. Grace for relaxation.
    1. bistrov.
      bistrov. April 28 2021 20: 43
      +4
      Quote: zenion
      near the town of Kalinovka.

      Mistake, near Kalinovka, namely, near the Gulevtsy station, in the forest, there was Goering's headquarters. Hitler's headquarters was located near the village of Kolo-Mikhailovka.
    2. Vovk
      Vovk April 28 2021 21: 46
      -2
      Quote: zenion
      Was in the place where Hitler's headquarters was. Not far from Vinnitsa, near the town of Kalinovka. There was a capital bunker. But there was no way to enter there. When the Germans left, the bunker was blown up. The walls there were three meters thick. This explosion blocked the entrance to what was left. And the place is beautiful there. There are many birches and something like a lake nearby. Grace for relaxation.

      It is with this that there are many oddities about the bunkers, when the Soviet Army liberated that area, the remainder of the bunker was surveyed ... and what is strange, after the study, sappers were urgently driven in and additional explosions were carried out, which finally sealed the entrance to the bunker. And now there are even more oddities ... a complete ban on scientific research of the bunker - when it was proposed to use the drilling equipment for inspection - the Army of Ukraine and the Security Service of Ukraine also opposed it ... just mysticism.
    3. Petrik66
      Petrik66 April 29 2021 10: 20
      0
      Birches? There, a whole oak forest was planted, each tree on a special mound. I also drew attention to the ventilation grilles and pipes in the pool - not a speck of rust.
  5. 2 Level Advisor
    2 Level Advisor April 28 2021 19: 57
    +8
    somehow the author kept silent about it: "personally eliminated 11 generals and high-ranking officials of the occupation administration of Nazi Germany "- as if these are trifles ...
  6. Eug
    Eug April 28 2021 19: 58
    +4
    The conclusion about the whereabouts of Hitler's headquarters on the basis of such vague information looks more than strange. In the book "Strong in spirit" Medvedev describes the events of determining the place of the bet in a completely different way, and his version seems to me much more reliable. He says that during one of the "mobile ambushes" a major was captured with a map on which was marked a communication cable laid "nowhere" and which, according to the prisoner, was laid by ten thousand prisoners of war, then killed for reasons of secrecy. The place of the "break" of the cable was defined as the position of the Fuehrer's headquarters.
    1. your1970
      your1970 April 28 2021 21: 43
      0
      Quote: Eug
      according to the information of the prisoner, ten thousand prisoners of war were laid,

      A strange surplus of labor for an object that does not require large volumes of earthworks. Such a large number of people would, on the contrary, declassify the rate
      1. businessv
        businessv April 29 2021 18: 29
        0
        Quote: your1970
        Such a large number of people would, on the contrary, declassify the rate
        If this amount was used only for laying the cable, then somehow it is hard to believe! Everyone dug a meter, already 10 km. If with regards to the whole construction, then it is also a bit too much, even if this amount "came up" due to the "rotational" construction method and the short life of the people who built the object.
        1. your1970
          your1970 April 30 2021 06: 46
          +1
          Quote: businessv
          Quote: your1970
          Such a large number of people would, on the contrary, declassify the rate
          If this amount was used only for laying the cable, then somehow it is hard to believe! Everyone dug a meter, already 10 km. If with regards to the whole construction, then it is also a bit too much, even if this amount "came up" due to the "rotational" construction method and the short life of the people who built the object.

          Here I am about the same - it was required to dig a narrow trench for a cable, and not an anti-tank ditch - which were also manually dug in the same numbers near Moscow and Leningrad. ..
          In addition, a sufficiently large camp is required to accommodate such a number, and this also significantly reduces secrecy. The locals will know for sure .. Towers, thorns, feeding, security ...
          And yet - the higher the number, the more protection is needed and the higher the risk of escapes.
          I believe that they could have shot 10, but most likely this is all the same for the entire period of construction of the entire facility
  7. Time traveller
    Time traveller April 28 2021 20: 40
    +2
    Was it advisable to use such an agent as a liquidator?
    1. Petrik66
      Petrik66 April 29 2021 10: 27
      +1
      And by whom? The elimination of high-ranking officials and generals has always been one of the main tasks of any intelligence service. The Hans also tried to succeed on this front. Re-read "In August 44", there it is in sufficient detail, with reference to documents, tells about the actions of saboteurs, the murder of our generals, etc. Yes, and an attempt on Stalin's life in 44 was really being prepared, and the fact that the chela and his wife managed to seize almost immediately after the disembarkation indicates a high level of action by our counterintelligence and general vigilance. So it makes sense.
      1. your1970
        your1970 April 30 2021 07: 11
        0
        Quote: Petrik66
        The elimination of high-ranking officials and generals has always been one of the main tasks of any intelligence service.

        A drop in morale (they even kill in guarded offices !!), the loss of information in the head of the murdered, the need to urgently replace him - and in war, generals are not superfluous ... Worse from the murder of a general - the enemy will definitely not be lol
        It is always helping your army
  8. Avior
    Avior April 28 2021 21: 30
    +2
    Summarizing the facts and arguments, Kuznetsov laid out everything to Timofey, who agreed that Hitler settled exactly near Vinnitsa. The encryption went to the Center. And already on December 22, 1942, a dozen Soviet bombers bombed Hitler's Ukrainian lair "Werewolf".

    How simple it is with Frolova.
    I guessed where the headquarters was, and immediately flew to bomb it.
    1. businessv
      businessv April 29 2021 18: 24
      0
      Quote: Avior
      How simple it is with Frolova.

      Come on, colleague, don't be strict! smile The article is necessary and interesting to the same - the same! Irina is great! good
  9. Pamir
    Pamir April 28 2021 22: 59
    +6
    There can be no questions for the author. Nikolai Kuznetsov is probably the only saboteur who was capable and showed himself, completely mimicking a true Aryan among the enemy's district headquarters. A clean-spitting Nazi, (but he is a false Nazi, who needs to know on his side) with the best education in the spirit of the Reich, he is the best and most effective single saboteur in the Red Army-NKVD.
    In a war with the enemy, such an ability for mimicry in the role of brother-in-law of the enemy, and acting in the enemy, moreover, in the zone of army headquarters, this is a BRILLIANT !!!
  10. Dimka75
    Dimka75 April 29 2021 06: 37
    0
    dragged into such a Ukrainian hole

    and why did the author Vinnitsa - and then already a regional center with 100 thousand population in 1941 - have a hole?
    I would immediately call it a farm)
  11. Old26
    Old26 April 29 2021 15: 12
    +3
    Quote: your1970
    Quote: Eug
    according to the information of the prisoner, ten thousand prisoners of war were laid,

    A strange surplus of labor for an object that does not require large volumes of earthworks. Such a large number of people would, on the contrary, declassify the rate

    In fact, 10 thousand prisoners laid a cable on the Berlin-Vinnitsa highway. I think there was no surplus of labor.
    1. your1970
      your1970 April 30 2021 07: 23
      0
      Quote: Old26
      Quote: your1970
      Quote: Eug
      according to the information of the prisoner, ten thousand prisoners of war were laid,

      A strange surplus of labor for an object that does not require large volumes of earthworks. Such a large number of people would, on the contrary, declassify the rate

      In fact, 10 thousand prisoners laid a cable on the Berlin-Vinnitsa highway. I think there was no surplus of labor.

      Well, first of all, the cable was hardly led directly to Berlin. Rather, to the territory of the Reich, and then entered the existing military network.
      Secondly- 1 метр per day per person - 10 km trenches. 10 days - 100 km.
      Naturally, they dug more.
      Relocate camp every day?
      If they were digging 2-3 meters a day, they would have been moving around longer than digging. To drag the thorn / towers / prisoners themselves daily 20-30 km?
      And the protection of 10 people is a problematic matter
      Rather, there were several camps of 300-500 people
  12. businessv
    businessv April 29 2021 18: 21
    0
    Thank you, Irina! A very interesting and, in my opinion, always necessary article for our youth. I am sure that you have surprised many young guys by the fact that Siebert is not only beer! smile We are waiting for the continuation, inspiration for you!
  13. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 20 July 2021 10: 18
    0
    These are the kind of people we need to talk about in the media, on TV, and in schools. Otherwise, our youth will also put pans on their heads, like former "brothers"