Military Review

The steel grip of "soft power": Turkey in Georgia

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“Soft power” is usually presented as an alternative or addition to more rigid instruments of power, such as military and economic power. However, while we can say that soft power is independent of military capabilities, it is not easy to separate it from economic leverage. Comparing the asset of soft power capabilities to the economic assets of a country can show how the first element of influence relies on the second. Moreover, a closer look reveals how the dynamics of cultural attractiveness are also closely intertwined with economic benefits. In an increasingly interconnected world, in which the borders of individual states are increasingly lost, “soft power” can be a tool for achieving economic success. In turn, the effectiveness of achieving goals through economic instruments carries a greater consistency and efficiency compared to the purely influence of purely political methods - for example, such as the spread of democracy. "


According to the fabrications of British analysts who have been creating a new defense and government strategy for Great Britain for many years (A new era of British hegemony), in the modern world the boundaries between war, economics and politics have disappeared.

The reality is that cross-border trade, international television broadcasts, and a special forces clash in some distant Western Nigeria are closely intertwined and part of the same system.

At the moment, Turkey is one of the "trendsetters" in the sphere of the application of "soft power": Ankara skillfully influences the broad masses in various regions of the world, effectively achieving its geopolitical goals with an extremely modest resource base of the country.

However, television, military technology and humanitarian aid, mentioned in the first article of the cycle Are not the only tools in the arsenal of the Turkish Republic. It also has another, no less dangerous asset - the economic impact, thanks to which Ankara was able, de facto, to buy an entire country ...

The steel grip of "soft power": Turkey in Georgia
Alarming in its typicality, the picture in the post-Soviet space is friendship treaties and Turkish officials ...
Photo: hurriyetdailynews.com

Georgia, which we will talk about in this article, is one of the clearest examples of how covertly and cunningly the Turks can act even in the post-Soviet republics that are historically close to us. The descendants of the Ottoman sultans do not suffer from straightforwardness or clip thinking: they can equally well use drone squadrons and investments in infrastructure - and get their way.

“With the disappearance of the USSR, Turkey's role as the southern flank of NATO has significantly decreased. This was accompanied by both a reduction in economic and military assistance, and a painful for Ankara refusal of the EU to accelerate the admission of the Turkish Republic into its ranks. But for the first time since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Turks had the opportunity to expand their influence beyond their own borders. With the emergence of the new independent Turkic-speaking states of Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Ankara has a new chance to revive its former greatness and increase its importance in world affairs. In the early 1990s, the traditional pan-Turkic ideas about the creation of the Great Turan were revived again ”.

- S. Druzhilovskiy, “Turkey: the habit of managing”.

Georgia


The choice of this country as a separate object for considering Turkish methods of political influence is not accidental. Georgia stands out sharply against the background of most countries in which the influence of Ankara is spreading: firstly, as mentioned above, Georgia was actually bought out by the Turks, and secondly, it is a Christian country, historically alien to the Ottoman Empire.

The latter fact is quite remarkable, for it debunks one of the central myths that surround the advancement of Turkish influence in the world. He shows that Ankara can and does work with non-Muslim countries as well, making perfect use of “soft power”.

This process did not start today, not yesterday, or even a year ago: Georgia fell into the orbit of Turkish influence after the Justice and Development Party came to power in 2002, after which the former Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutogl began implementing the so-called Strategic Depth program (Stratejik Derinlik). The key slogan of this event was the thesis "zero problems with neighbors" - it, in turn, relied on such instruments as active political dialogue, economic interdependence and cultural harmony.

These processes laid down on fertile ground prepared by Turkish diplomats back in the 90s: Ankara was one of the first countries to recognize the independence of Georgia (immediately on December 26, 1991). In 1992, an agreement on "Friendship and Cooperation" was signed, and a few years later a visa-free regime was introduced with the possibility of crossing the border with internal passports (!).

Turkey was patiently waiting for its moment and in 2006, when Georgia actually broke off friendly relations with Russia, Ankara made its move. The move, however, is not as trivial as it might seem - not military, not political, but economic.

After 2006, the trade turnover between Tbilisi and Ankara begins to grow sharply. Gradually, year after year, Turkey became the first and central partner of Georgia in foreign trade - this circumstance has not changed even in the "coronavirus 2020".

In general, the facts of the economic activity of the Republic of Turkey are very frightening: the Turks account for 80% of foreign investments in Georgia. Most of the Georgian agricultural enterprises operate within the framework of transnational projects implemented by Ankara and are de facto Turkish. 75% of imported products imported to Georgia are of Turkish origin. 80% of all international investments (for example, British and American) in Georgia go directly through companies owned by Turkey. Most of the firms and enterprises of Georgia (70%) are tied to trade relations with their southern neighbor.

The central oil and gas pipeline Baku-Ceyhan and the Baku-Akhalkalaki-Kars railway are the most important infrastructure projects that Tbilisi is implementing jointly with Ankara. One of the key projects implemented in Georgia in recent years - Namakhvan HPP - is being built by the Turkish company ENKA (this HPP will provide 12% of the country's annual electricity consumption). The main supplier of electricity to the country is Ankara; in second place is its faithful ally - Azerbaijan.

In general, Turkish investment policy turned out to be terrible weapons - it creates more and more levers of control over the Georgian economy. At the moment, Turkey is among the top three foreign investors in Georgia: investments are directed to such sectors as the service sector, processing industry, telecommunications, and construction. For example, it is Ankara that modernizes and operates the country's largest airports (Tbilisi and Batumi). Turkish companies are building literally everything: state and military facilities, railways, highways ...

Even the recent protests related to the construction of a hydroelectric power station in Rioni (Turkey de facto concluded an anti-constitutional agreement with the Georgian government: an agreement was signed according to which the largest river in western Georgia, Rioni, along with its entire valley along 90 km.The Turkish management company can exploit 320 thousand square kilometers of the river basin area, all flora and fauna; also the Turks were given the border zone of Georgia with the Russian Federation, the Eden glacier in the Greater Caucasus mountains, where the Rioni River originates), show how the financial and political elite of Georgia are associated with representatives of the Turkish capital. Despite tens of thousands of protesters, the agreement was not canceled, but only approved by the new Tbilisi government.

Separately, it is worth mentioning the Turkish military presence: officers and security forces of Ankara have been training Georgian military personnel under the program of interaction with NATO for more than 10 years and cooperate with the country's law enforcement agencies. Since 2012, Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan have been conducting joint military exercises called "Infinity".

Turkish cultural and humanitarian organizations are active in Georgia, such as the Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TİKA), the Yunus Emre Foundation and the Religious Affairs Department.


Photo: ANKARA-Anadolu Agency

The first of these organizations, since 1994, began to implement large-scale projects related to Turkish-Georgian economic cooperation in the fields of tourism, culture, education, health care, humanitarian aid, and school education. Separately, it is worth mentioning that the agency is implementing the "Turkology" project - special departments dedicated to the study of Turkey have been created within the framework of Georgian universities.

The Yunus Emre Foundation has its own center in Tbilisi and on an ongoing basis holds various cultural events, days of Turkish culture, implements scientific projects and conducts training courses in Turkic studies.

The Department of Religious Affairs implements the restoration and construction of mosques, selects students for theological courses in Turkey and spreads Islam among the Christian population of Georgia.

All of the above methods of economic and cultural influence are implemented only the Turkish government. In fact, the country operates no fewer private programs, projects and organizations promoting the interests of Ankara.

From all of the above, one can make, perhaps, a rather simple conclusion: Georgia, being de jure an independent state, is in fact completely and completely the property of the Turkish Republic.

And this is Ankara's "soft power" - power, which acts with the power of an atomic bomb, but is realized completely unnoticed by the rest of the world.

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  1. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik April 23 2021 12: 12
    +4
    I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much. Not very noticeable. Georgia's politics was heavily influenced by France, but the economy was under the Turco-British.
    1. credo
      credo April 23 2021 13: 18
      +4
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much. Not very noticeable. Georgia's politics was heavily influenced by France, but the economy was under the Turco-British.

      The fact that the Turks entered Georgia decently is really a fact.
      You just need to take into account that their entry into Georgia is supported by the USA, the EU and NATO, so any exclamations of local aborigines are suppressed in the bud if these exclamations are against the Turks.

      Similarly, the United States, the EU and NATO act in relation to the illegal entry of Turks into Syria, Iraq, Libya, illegal operations of the Turks on the territory of Ukraine, the forty-year war of the Turks with the Kurds, etc.

      There is no "soft power" of the Turks in Georgia, there is simply approval of their actions in this country by the indicated persons and corrupt politicians in Georgia itself.

      Independence, real and not mythical, is a very expensive pleasure and it is clear that Georgia will never master the most real independence. But this is her choice.
    2. max702
      max702 April 23 2021 13: 42
      +11
      You, like the author, are making the main mistake considering the countries of the region as independent players .. Roughly speaking, they are independent in tactics, but not at all independent in strategy .. And the only strategy is to reduce the influence and opportunities of Russia anywhere .. Therefore, Turkey got the go-ahead to digest Georgia, in 2008, there was an attempt to put on independent Georgia, but it did not work out because the enemy for Russia is from the Georgians like a bullet from shit, after that Georgia was written off and outsourced to Turkey ... No one in the world will cut out the Turks right now half of Georgia, no one cares, but naturally Turkey will not do this until (not for a long time) the Georgians are still useful for a high-quality haircut .. And if the West does not mind and Russia has no objections (for the Georgians got it a little more than completely) the days of proud Georgians are numbered .. The Turks perfectly assimilate the whole the Georgian nation without a trace .. Such is the fate of the traitors .. Batumi has already turned into an inexpensive brothel of Turkish casinos, the rest of the territory A worse fate awaits Georgia, because the Turks do not need Georgians, for nothing, not in any quantities, but those that are now will go into action, but the next generations of Georgians simply will not be ... For the stanum is the Turks and the third grade ... By the way, the same fate awaits Armenia if they do not take up their minds (I am sure they will not).
      1. vlad.baryatinsky
        vlad.baryatinsky April 23 2021 16: 20
        +5
        Quote: max702
        You, as well as the author, are making the main mistake considering the countries of the region as independent players .. Roughly speaking, they are independent in tactics, but not at all independent in strategy .. But the strategy is one to reduce the influence and opportunities of Russia anywhere.

        This is how the Author points out.
        Quote: max702
        Therefore, Turkey received the go-ahead to digest Georgia

        From whom do you think I received it?
        If we talk about "digestion", then there are several "gourmets".
        USA, Turkey and Azerbaijan are the main "eaters".
        The author outlined his vision of this situation. By the way, in many respects coincides with the assessments of the aborigines.
        Quote: max702
        No one in the world and with an eyebrow will cut out the Turks right now half of Georgia,

        You are probably stuck in the past. "Cut" and "cut", this time has long passed.
        For this, the Author pointed out how and how the fez works to clean up the elite of the aborigines and, at the same time, the sympathies of the plebs in their direction.
        1. max702
          max702 April 23 2021 17: 06
          0
          You are probably stuck in the past. "Cut" and "cut", this time has long passed.
          By this I showed the attitude (of those who gave the go-ahead) towards the Georgians .. Nobody cares about them ..
          Quote: vlad.baryatinsky
          From whom do you think I received it?

          From western world and got it .. Turkey corporation is a part of this cartel and so it got Georgia for development, Azerbaijan is there on a subcontract, and the USA gets some rent like other main cartels .. I mean that this is not only personal initiative of Turkey with "soft" power, and a business project approved by other countries of the cartel. Russia finally realized that it is not rational to keep the current Georgia in its influence, because there is more harm than good .. That is why a joke with her .. And this applies to all used limitrophes .. We will not cling to them, it is not rational that losses are higher than possible benefits .. Completely devoured and digested Georgia will be a good lesson for everyone else, they will not understand well, they go there ..
          1. vlad.baryatinsky
            vlad.baryatinsky April 23 2021 17: 45
            +3
            Quote: max702
            Azerbaijan is there on a sub-contract

            40% (!) Of the budget of Georgia is formed by the oil and gas pipes laid by the Azerbaijanis.
            I have not counted for you yet, the network of SOCAR gas stations "occupying" Georgia.
            And this, you kindly categorize-sub in a row?
            1. akims
              akims April 26 2021 19: 36
              +1
              SOCAR is already in Ukraine. And Turkish Development has entered the market and everyone is under pressure. We intercepted tenders for the repair and construction of roads. They buy up the land and everything in general. Brothels were opened for them. Kabakovs and barbershops are also like mud.
              1. vlad.baryatinsky
                vlad.baryatinsky April 27 2021 15: 03
                0
                Quote: akims
                Brothels were opened for them. Kabakov

                Are the prices reasonable? wink
          2. vlad.baryatinsky
            vlad.baryatinsky April 23 2021 17: 52
            +3
            Quote: max702
            Russia finally realized that it is not rational to keep the current Georgia in its influence because there is more harm than good.

            Russia, would be glad but could not for reasons known to us.
            Then, in your opinion, I will ask (?)!
            In your opinion, in terms of infrastructure, markets, communications and your location, who is more valuable than Georgia or Armenia?
            Note, I deliberately did not mention as "alliance" and the CSTO.
            1. max702
              max702 April 23 2021 19: 59
              +3
              Quote: vlad.baryatinsky
              who is more valuable Georgia or Armenia?

              The wrong ones do not represent the slightest value for Russia, absolutely useless regions of the globe ..
              1. Constant
                Constant April 25 2021 08: 32
                +1
                Neither one nor the other !!!!!!!!!!! ...........
            2. Lara Croft
              Lara Croft April 24 2021 15: 53
              +1
              Quote: vlad.baryatinsky
              In your opinion, in terms of infrastructure, markets, communications and your location, who is more valuable than Georgia or Armenia?

              Probably Georgia, however, in order to keep it in its influence, it will have to spend more on it than on the Republic of Belarus, so the Russian Federation secured itself with the buffer states of the Republic of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, creating a "cordon sanitaire" out of them ...
              I deliberately did not mention both the "alliance" and the CSTO.

              Georgia is a member of GUAM, while a stupid organization, but its time has not come yet ...
              1. vlad.baryatinsky
                vlad.baryatinsky April 24 2021 18: 20
                0
                Quote: Lara Croft
                Probably Georgia,

                Right !
                Quote: Lara Croft
                however, in order to keep it in its influence, it will have to spend more on it than on the Republic of Belarus, therefore the Russian Federation secured itself with the buffer states of the Republic of South Ossetia and Abkhazia,

                You just walked superficially
                And I understand you.
                Quote: Lara Croft
                creating a "cordon sanitaire" out of them.

                The reason is on the surface.
                Return them Abkhazia and Yuzh. Ossetia.
                The question is different. We will not do this.
                Quote: Lara Croft
                Georgia is a member of GUAM, while a stupid organization, but its time has not yet come

                I agree.
                Moreover, it will be revived neatly if they seriously undertake to tear Us apart, along the perimeter of the border.
      2. Operator
        Operator April 23 2021 20: 30
        -1
        It is wonderful that the Turks will Turkish the Georgians - they will thereby correct the mistake of Alexander the First, who, after the annexation of the territory of Georgia to the Russian Empire in 1801, recreated the Georgian nation from scratch, from which only 30 thousand people remained, and all the so-called Georgian princes were exported for the borderline where Islam was accepted.

        Instead of repatriating and re-baptizing the princes and giving them to the serf remnants of the Georgian people, Alexander the First had to populate former Georgia with immigrants from the central regions of Russia, form the Tiflis province and close the issue with Georgia forever (God forgive me).
        1. max702
          max702 April 23 2021 20: 38
          +5
          Duc yes .. We generally deal with all these types of people in a strange way .. And then a lot of problems .. If you want to be Russian is not a problem, be! You do not want ? Free your living space .. And thank God, signs of this behavior are beginning to appear ..
    3. Aleksandr21
      Aleksandr21 April 23 2021 15: 34
      +8
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much. Not very noticeable. Georgia's politics was heavily influenced by France, but the economy was under the Turco-British.


      The Turks practically climbed everywhere. Once I read the Taiwanese media (there then, a disaster happened ... the train derailed in Hualien, April 2, 2021), and so the Turkish organization (in their country) sent rescuers ... then I was very surprised, considering where Turkey is located and where is Taiwan, but the democratic media of Taiwan highlighted this issue, this is what soft power means ... about the Caucasus, and Central Asia, you can not speak at all, Turkey's influence on the region is enormous (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, etc.) etc.) and in this situation, the policy of Russia looks very strange .... we smile friendly and lose our zone of influence.
      1. the finish
        the finish April 23 2021 15: 57
        +5
        This example is very instructive and a little expensive! But when Russia wants to take an example and do something similar in Belarus and Armenia, pseudo patriots and outspoken provocateurs immediately jump out with their criticism.
        1. Anzhey V.
          April 23 2021 16: 59
          +17
          But when Russia wants to take an example and do something similar in Belarus and Armenia


          Unfortunately, the Kremlin does nothing of the kind in these republics. We feed the local kings in the old fashioned way, after whose departure suddenly we will find that these countries are against us. There is no systematic work on the development of economic dependence, I will not even talk about the promotion of culture ...
      2. Anzhey V.
        April 24 2021 08: 51
        +3
        a Turkish organization (in their country) sent rescuers ... then I was very surprised, given where Turkey is located


        Here, for example, is the annual report. only one (!!!) Turkish charitable foundation IHH:

        - Since 2020, we have delivered humanitarian aid to approximately 1 million people in need in many regions of Yemen. Turkey has not forgotten Yemen.
        “We have distributed 5 food parcels and 000 blankets to refugees living in Syrian Idlib.
        - Daily delivery of hot meals to 450 needy families in the Gaza Strip continues. Palestine.
        - Distributed blankets and fuel oil (fuel) to 650 needy families in a Palestinian refugee camp in Lebanon.
        “We provided Niger with 141 packages of malaria drugs.
        - IHH continues to provide food for 10.000 schoolchildren in northern Syria.
        1. atalef
          atalef April 24 2021 08: 52
          -2
          Quote: Anjay V.
          The daily delivery of hot meals to 450 needy families in the Gaza Strip continues. Palestine.

          and how do they transport hot meals from Turkey to the Gaza Strip?
          1. Anzhey V.
            April 24 2021 08: 56
            +3
            and how do they transport hot meals from Turkey to the Gaza Strip?


            Wrong translation. In fact, organizing the distribution of hot meals there is a separate type of work with the population.

            The foundation buys food from local farmers, hires local chefs, and they prepare food to distribute to those in need. It so happens that the coverage is several times higher: both people get money for their work, and the locals are well fed.
      3. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh April 24 2021 13: 44
        +6
        "Turks, almost everywhere" ///
        ---
        What is there to be surprised?
        They developed rapidly and diversified economically. Transformed into an industrial country. They know how to trade, do business.
    4. vlad.baryatinsky
      vlad.baryatinsky April 23 2021 16: 09
      +4
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much.

      They have been there since the time of Abashidze.
      And under Saakashvili they have strengthened and equal success.
    5. Anzhey V.
      April 23 2021 16: 56
      +7
      I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much


      If only to Georgia, comrade Kotik ...

      Mongolia is dry. The President, under the banner of Genghis Khan, banned the Mongolian People's Party, the heir to the local communists. Mughal social media users are demanding that the Armed Forces and the Foreign Ministry be cleared of graduates of Soviet universities. And at the same time Mongolian Ambassador thanks the Turkish Defense Minister for training Mongolian cadets to replace them.
      1. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik April 24 2021 21: 13
        0
        How beautifully they breed Armenia. Typical kind America and evil Turks. Look, the US punishes the Turks and does not supply weapons to them, for the fact that the Russians have supplied their weapons. Moscow could stop the war in Karabakh, but did not do it, because Erdogan is friends, but there was a bad president in Washington, and the United States will protect it if anything. You need to be friends with them and under their wing you can talk on equal terms with the Turks. Yes, and start trading, they will stand up for us if that. And he will protect him from Moscow, which forces him to leave Karabakh and build a road.
        Before Erdogan's response to the recognition of the genocide, he still did not fully believe in this divorce, now they definitely work in the same team of international fraudsters.
        1. Anzhey V.
          April 25 2021 10: 07
          0
          Well said.

          I think Armenia will face the fate of Georgia - now Turkish investments, business, open borders will go ...
        2. Anzhey V.
          April 25 2021 12: 13
          0
          Comrade Kotik, do the new Turkish UAVs have containers with electronic warfare equipment?

          Can they interfere at all?
          1. OgnennyiKotik
            OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 12: 24
            0
            Yes, and the old ones are.
            Anka-I UAV in electronic warfare performance. What exactly she can do is not known. Suppress (RER) most likely not, conduct reconnaissance (RER) definitely yes.
            Akyndzhi / Aksungur has enough weight and energy for REP systems. Most likely they will, a matter of desire.

            And so they have a ground-based REB Koral system. In Syria, during the operation in Idlib, it was used, probably in Libya and Karabakh.
            1. Anzhey V.
              April 25 2021 12: 31
              +2
              Got it, thanks a lot for your help.

              I am trying to build a model of their new tactical scheme, so the availability of electronic warfare means separately interested me.
              1. OgnennyiKotik
                OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 12: 56
                +1
                Yes, an interesting story is looming. Akinci, according to Selcuk, will take some of the tasks from the F-16.
                So far, 3 waves of UAVs are looming.
                Bayraktars / Karayel - additional exploration, sharpened strikes, spotters - relatively cheap consumables.
                Anka / Aksungur - Radio-technical intelligence (optics, RER, various radars), REP - actually AWACS
                Akinji is a striker carrying missiles and bombs of large mass and high range. It can also carry B-B missiles. Which makes him not only a drummer, but also a fighter. Cover your UAVs from old 3rd generation or UBS will be able to.

                Anka / Aksungur - conduct ground, sea and air reconnaissance. Identify possible targets.
                Then Bayraktar or kamikaze drones of the ALPAGU type carry out additional reconnaissance and destroy them directly if possible.
                For heavy targets, Akinji is called there and 250-500 kg of bombs can be, KR planning long-range bombs.
                They also cover the grouping from enemy fighters. Of course, they will not be able to fight on equal terms, but the enemy will not be able to shoot down UAVs with impunity, and ambushes can be arranged.
                Naturally, Avaks and F-16s do not fly far, which constrains the use of enemy fighters. As in Karabakh. There the Hermes carried the main reconnaissance tasks, instead of Anka / Aksungur, the Akinji tasks were carried by the Su-25.
                1. Anzhey V.
                  April 25 2021 13: 59
                  0
                  I am still very interested in the use of small UAVs in this whole scheme.

                  Obviously, the Turks used forward detachments of spotters and small drones, which identified the enemy and provided the command center directly on the line of contact. This allowed the strikers to be located at a distance from the front line, without being substituted by air defense strikes.

                  Actually, I think this is the reason for the main losses of Turkish UAVs - there is an obvious line between the growth of losses and offensive operations. Roughly speaking, the front line becomes unstable, the advanced detachments of spotters cannot keep up with the retreating enemy, and the drones are forced to independently conduct reconnaissance and provide the central command, thereby constantly being on the front line.
                  1. OgnennyiKotik
                    OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 15: 05
                    +1
                    Quote: Anjay V.
                    The Turks used forward detachments of spotters and small drones, which identified the enemy and provided the command center directly on the line of contact.

                    In Karabakh, mainly Israeli drones and Azerbaijan were used. The Turks have a gap in this segment. This explains the large losses of Bayraktars in Libya and those missing in Karabakh.

                    Low-altitude UAVs of Turks are not enough, of course there are analogues of the Orbiter-Aerostar, but not that saturation and quantity.
                    1. Anzhey V.
                      April 25 2021 15: 11
                      -1
                      So, it turns out that my theory is correct, but the Turks do not have devices of this class, right?
                      1. OgnennyiKotik
                        OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 15: 35
                        0
                        Of course I have. They do not buy them in large quantities. Probably they decided that the Bayraktars would cover this need, there are about 120 of them in service now, this is a lot. The Turkish counterparts of Outpost and Orlan-10 cannot be called outright, although they are called TAI Gözcü and Pelikan, but it is not clear how many there are.
                        They are not entirely absent, rather there are very few of them.

                      2. Anzhey V.
                        April 25 2021 16: 28
                        -1
                        Hmm, but can ultra-small reconnaissance UAVs of the squad / platoon level give out the central command to the strikers via the optical channel or laser command center?
                      3. OgnennyiKotik
                        OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 18: 23
                        -1
                        If you wish, everything is possible. There are manual laser systems, ammunition is directed from them. Mini UAVs do not think that they will lift them, you need something of the Outpost level. Optical guidance depends on the control point, if it can relay then yes. But I don’t think it makes sense to complicate things like that.
                      4. Anzhey V.
                        April 25 2021 19: 56
                        -1
                        Ok, I understand you)

                        I'm just trying to link the actions of the Turkish and Azerbaijani MTRs with the tactics of using UAVs.
        3. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 25 2021 13: 11
          0
          A new video has arrived. Aksungur launched a KGK-340 gliding bomb with a range of 82+ km.
          1. Anzhey V.
            April 25 2021 14: 00
            0
            What a thing. Thank you for the video)
  • Constant
    Constant April 25 2021 08: 42
    0
    The ears of the Anglo-Saxons stick out against the gas flows Russia-China !!!!!
  • Lara Croft
    Lara Croft April 24 2021 15: 44
    0
    Quote: OgnennyiKotik
    I did not think that the Turks climbed into Georgia so much. Not very noticeable.

    Why unnoticed? We supported the coming to power of Saakashvili (in any case, we did nothing to keep the former KGB agent Shevardnadze in power in Georgia, then surrendered (without supporting with the WB in Batumi) the President of Adjara, hoping that this would be reckoned to us by the new Georgian government, including people who graduated from the MGIMO Union, consider that they evacuated their three WBs from Georgia and lost at least some influence over Georgia, but after the war on 08.08.08/XNUMX/XNUMX, the Russian Federation may forget about Georgia, however, this did not affect the Russian economy in any way ... From a security point of view for the Russian Federation, the NATO WB, there are no threats to the Russian Federation on the territory of Georgia ... however, they can always appear there ... and not necessarily American ones ...
  • RealPilot
    RealPilot April 24 2021 18: 16
    0
    And the Georgians fled to Russia as a defender from the Turks and Persians. And it was thanks to the Russian Empire that they survived as a nationality ...

    If they have even a drop of a sense of self-preservation, they will again want to be saved. And if not, then that is their business.

    And the soft power of Russia for Georgia lies precisely in the ability to allow them, in principle, to survive. It's just that it's not time to make the final choice yet. Here and force is not needed, they always asked for themselves.
  • paul3390
    paul3390 April 23 2021 12: 18
    +6
    Georgians want to become Turks - their business. One condition - at our door, then mind not scratching, begging for help. Your choice is for you to be responsible for it. And the Ottomans - they will quickly teach the Sultan's genatsvale to love. They have a long experience ..
    1. antivirus
      antivirus April 23 2021 13: 40
      -1
      it all starts with the growth of the population - you need to feed the children. The Turks up the hill. Georgians are surrendering their country - their problems, including demography ..
      we are like all the former Soviet Union. in 30 years, like the Turks, we will climb all over the world (taking into account the scale) IF RUSSIAN POPULATION GROWTH BY 2030
  • Pereira
    Pereira April 23 2021 12: 40
    +3
    For money, Georgians will do circumcision. And if something goes wrong, why risk your life? You can always escape to the enemy's lair - to Russia.
    1. lucul
      lucul April 23 2021 13: 05
      +1
      For money, Georgians will do circumcision. And if something goes wrong, why risk your life? You can always escape to the enemy's lair - to Russia.

      Yes - the Turks, at one time, genocide that Caucasus as they wanted, without ceremony.
      And then the Russians came and gave freedom, but why should a person have freedom if he is used to feeding from the master's table? So he is looking for a new owner - then he does not need freedom, with freedom, he has to think with his head where to get food for himself ...
      1. max702
        max702 April 23 2021 13: 43
        +2
        The slave dreams not of freedom, but of his own slaves ...
        1. Pereira
          Pereira April 23 2021 15: 21
          +3
          American Negroes and Afronegroes.
          The whites freed the slaves and sent them back to Africa. Liberia 1910.
      2. Anzhey V.
        April 23 2021 18: 51
        +5
        the Turks, at one time, genocide that Caucasus as they wanted, without ceremony


        The Turks, in fact, were not such a beast as Russian historiography portrays them. Let's face it, they did not stand out against the background of other empires, and even Islam was not implanted.

        Notice how many centuries Christian peoples existed under their rule, which, among other things, retained their identity.

        The same Georgians also know and remember this. For them, the Turks are not a "genetic enemy" at all, but a completely familiar and understandable object of power.

        This again brings us back to the issue of "soft power" - why the Turks can successfully and effectively use their historical heritage and play on it, but we cannot?
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 23 2021 19: 03
          +7
          Based on history, the Turks were just one of the peoples of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans themselves did not consider themselves Turks. The problems began when nationalism appeared, it is a very young phenomenon in the world of principle, it appeared in the 19th century.
        2. aslanismaili611
          aslanismaili611 April 26 2021 19: 47
          +1
          Greetings, Anjay. Your dialogue with the Fiery Cat is very interesting. You want to write about drone combat tactics. You have to start with Libya, the tactics there were not very difficult. The Turks sent only a few Bayraktar and operators to Libya in May 2019, and no electronic warfare or electronic warfare. Emirati drones made in China bombed their bases several times, several TV 2s were destroyed. The Turks supplied, but there was little success. In January last year, the Turks officially sent their specialists and military equipment and several frigates with old air defense missiles there. The Chinese drones flew away. The Russian media mostly ignored all these events, or mostly praised the Libyan field marshal and the Syrian "hunters", there was no analytics. In February, a drone operation began in Syria, Russian analysts buried their heads in the sand. Only a few serious analysts who have been successfully marginalized by the official media have written about what is really going on there. Only after Timokhin's article on VO began a more or less serious discussion. and by the way your counterpart Kitty was the most active participant in them. I will be interested in your opinion on the tactics of the UAV battle.
          1. Anzhey V.
            April 26 2021 19: 50
            -1
            Good evening, Aslan!

            Thank you very much for your help - I would be grateful if you would like to comment on the use of Turkish UAVs in any other way.

            In general, I am interested in absolutely everything, so you can write any moments that seem important to you personally.
            1. aslanismaili611
              aslanismaili611 April 27 2021 20: 05
              +1
              Good evening, Anjay. I "extract" all information exclusively from open sources. There are dozens of them. These are mainly analytical articles and interviews of military experts, military websites and magazines, several military forums, etc. English, French, Turkish-speaking, Israeli, Azerbaijani, Ukrainian, several Russian. Quite a long list. I read the last two of your publications. Apparently you have not yet written on the aviation topic and I have not noticed. As I already wrote, there was nothing complicated in the tactics of the battle of Turkish UAVs in Libya. There was just a lot of "offbeat" novelty. In the battles in Tripoli itself, copters flew last year, transmitting the coordinates of targets to the Firtyn. You have probably read about the bombing of two Ukrainian Ruslans and another AN 12 on the GDP. The Bayraktars kept watch for 24 hours, as soon as they sat down, they hit with Mamluks. By the way, this was the most effective attack. The Turks, in operations from April 4 to June 5, by bombing and the threat of an attack, completely stopped the supply of fuel and ammunition to the Haftar and Wagner forces, and there the distance was huge, then they gave an ultimatum, they left all heavy weapons and equipment and fled from the base of Al Watia and Tarhun, all the way to Sirte. By agreement, the fleeers were not pursued. At the very beginning of the operation, Turkish frigates shot down several Haftar L 39 MI-24/35, 2 or 3 Emirati UAVs, and they did not fly there anymore. The huge area was under the complete control of the Bayraktar and the air defense of the frigates. This is if it is very short. I have not yet met an analyst dedicated exclusively to Bayraktar. The battle of Bayraktarov, after Azerbaijan's glorious victory in Operation Iron Fist, is unambiguously rated very highly, from “beating babies” to “changing the concept of war”.
              Sincerely .
  • rocket757
    rocket757 April 23 2021 12: 42
    +4
    The steel grip of "soft power": Turkey in Georgia
    ... Small proud, always fall under someone, in the end. This is an axiom.
    1. Pereira
      Pereira April 23 2021 12: 46
      +4
      Not certainly in that way. They fall under one, then under the other. They wanted to lie under the United States, but they accepted those praises favorably, but they did not give money. The Turks gave it. Now they are good. For the time being, for the time being. Then they will look for the owner again. The metal is such.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 23 2021 12: 55
        0
        So for small ones, running errands from one to another, this is the norm ...
        behind a carrot, behind a bag of salt, runners, in short.
        1. lucul
          lucul April 23 2021 13: 01
          -3
          So for small ones, running errands from one to another, this is the norm ...
          behind a carrot, behind a bag of pleas, runners, in short.

          Uh ..... the mentality of such people sounds something like this: " on time to betray is to foresee. "
          )))
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine April 23 2021 13: 54
        +1
        Quote: Pereira
        The Turks gave it. Now they are good. For the time being, for the time being. Then they will look for the owner again. The metal is such.

        It’s hard to get rid of the Sultan, the Turks are nearby, the Turks and Turkmens are inside Georgia. About 300 mosques and 10% of the population are Muslims, the country's economy is completely controlled by the Turks.
        1. Pereira
          Pereira April 23 2021 15: 23
          0
          Nefig was to quarrel with Russia.
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine April 23 2021 16: 30
            +1
            Quote: Pereira
            Nefig was to quarrel with Russia.

            The "proud and independent" wanted independence.
            1. Pereira
              Pereira April 23 2021 16: 32
              +5
              They thought they were feeding Russia. All our outskirts then fed us. But the Georgians fed especially powerfully. I heard this with my own ears from Georgian Georgians in the 80s.
              1. tihonmarine
                tihonmarine April 23 2021 16: 36
                +1
                Quote: Pereira
                All our outskirts then fed us. But the Georgians fed especially powerfully. I heard this with my own ears from Georgian Georgians in the 80s.

                Well, judging by the bazaars, at all bazaars in the USSR one could see the proud faces of the representatives of sunny Georgia. "Padhady daragoy, cheap pradam!"
                1. Pereira
                  Pereira April 23 2021 16: 39
                  +2
                  Meanwhile, business travelers from all over the country were traveling to the Rustavi Metallurgical Combine. Local metallurgists sell flowers and tangerines all over the summer in Russia.
                  And the blast furnace cannot be stopped. Then only for demolition.
                  1. tihonmarine
                    tihonmarine April 23 2021 16: 56
                    +1
                    Quote: Pereira
                    Meanwhile, business travelers from all over the country were traveling to the Rustavi Metallurgical Combine.

                    I heard in due time an anecdote - "Jew-slaughterer, Georgian steel-maker".
  • Polite Moose
    Polite Moose April 23 2021 12: 46
    0
    On Friday I was inspired by the fact that not only all Zaporozhye Cossacks write letters to the Turkish Sultan. Our president, too, could not resist:

    Well, well, Erdogan, my bosom friend
    Something you haven't been with us for a long time
    It's been so long since you've been looking for a personal meeting with me
    And I only learn about you on the TV news
    I heard that your friend is not a fan of traps
    For the air defense systems that you bought from us
    Took you and like a sucker, no dough return
    From creation litaka brazenly excommunicated
    But you are not the first, not the second, not even the third
    Who with p-sami played a carousel of friendship
    I'll tell you now strictly in confidence
    All their friendship goes only through the bed
    I see you forgot that coup a little bit
    That five years ago you barely survived
    You knocked from the inside right now at the gates of heaven
    If I hadn't called you that night
    And recently you did a great nightmare at the Armenians
    Blown away like a balloon Kolya Pashinyan
    Thank you from the bottom of my heart and ask you privately
    So that you do not climb deeply into Azerbaijan
    I heard you were going to dig a channel to the sea
    To pin down the Montreux convention with a bolt
    Kuzhugetich, as he found out, swore all day
    You'd have to wait a while so as not to regret later
    The ophthalmologist is here alone with you
    He says: you steal oil, bred animals
    He sees you in a dismembered coffin
    And I hold back his soul
    Here your "friends" - Kurds came to me
    They need Kara-multuk and Shaitan-arba
    So far we have seen them home in peace
    But my NO and YES depend on you
    Ahead of you and me are flat expanses
    Well, maybe a dead end just around the corner
    Gas, NPP power unit, tourists, tomatoes
    Or is it a far from peaceful atom in every house
  • Overlock
    Overlock April 23 2021 14: 04
    +22
    Great, Anzhej V.! It is necessary to remember about the "pro-Russian" Abkhazia, whose economy is entirely owned by Turkey.
    1. iouris
      iouris April 23 2021 14: 16
      +5
      In the 90s, almost the entire economy of the Russian Federation belonged to Turkey. Have you forgotten about the city-forming stalls?
    2. Pereira
      Pereira April 23 2021 16: 33
      0
      In the sense of Adjara?
  • KKND
    KKND April 23 2021 14: 14
    +2
    And this is the "soft power" of Ankara - a force that acts with the power of an atomic bomb, but is realized completely unnoticed by the rest of the world.

    The main thing is that at the end of this series of articles the author does not throw himself out the window shouting: "The Turks are coming !!!" laughing
  • parusnik
    parusnik April 23 2021 14: 52
    +4
    "Soft power" in Turkey and in Russia is present. Clothes, shoes, household appliances, vegetables.
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 April 23 2021 17: 48
      +4
      Quote: parusnik
      "Soft power" in Turkey and in Russia is present. Clothes, shoes, household appliances, vegetables.

      I remember that in Kemerovo (!) The Turks financed the elections of some deputies through 3 persons. That is also "soft power".
    2. Overlock
      Overlock April 23 2021 19: 08
      +17
      Quote: parusnik
      "Soft power" in Turkey and in Russia is present. Clothes, shoes, household appliances, vegetables.

      China interrupts
  • tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 23 2021 15: 17
    0
    Georgia is a sovereign country since 1991. Well, they didn’t like it in the USSR. They made a choice like 08/08 as well as with the Turks. I remember as long as they did not climb into South Ossetia and Abkhazia. There was still not enough "blood bath" near Sochi.
    1. Pereira
      Pereira April 23 2021 16: 36
      0
      I will not say about the Ossetians. And the Abkhazian elite is completely impotent in terms of state building. Georgians quietly feed her. They have money for this. Abkhazian leaders may well ask to return to Georgia in exchange for keeping their posts.
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 April 23 2021 16: 43
        +1
        The people will not give, one clan will not do anything, and there are no signs of war on their hands.
        1. Pereira
          Pereira April 23 2021 18: 48
          +3
          Are you aware that many Abkhazians have Georgian medical insurance and go to Georgia for treatment?
          1. tralflot1832
            tralflot1832 April 23 2021 19: 21
            +1
            I will look at the statistics of the border crossing Georgia and Abkhazia.
  • Basarev
    Basarev April 23 2021 21: 24
    +1
    This is how it should have been, and not just throw billions at neighboring oligarchs. And now ... The Caucasus is lost, Central Asia is lost, Rybaltika and Khlamina are completely lost, in the process of losing Belarus ... And inside the country there is more than one almost sovereign kingdom ... It's hard.
  • Vladimir Lenin
    Vladimir Lenin April 23 2021 23: 20
    -3
    What, again, Georgian youths will be castrated for the harems of the Turkish Sultan ?!
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 24 2021 00: 29
    0
    Turkey is especially active in Adjara! Adjara was a part of the Ottoman Empire for a long time ... Turks still consider Adjara "theirs"! Unlike Christian Georgia, Adjara has always had a significant part of Muslims ... now this "part" is even more rapidly increasing, "thanks" to Turkey! Georgia's investment in Adjara "tends to zero"; while Turkish investments are very large and are increasing all the time! Turks consider the airport in Batumi theirs, Turkish ... the Turkish administration works there ... Turkish citizens do not need a visa to fly to Adjara!
    And, as always, Putin's "effective managers" missed Ajaria; that is, the current ruling regime of Putin! At one time, the head of Ajaria, Abashidze, was in contradiction with both the Georgian government and the Turks ... Adjara had its own army, border police .. .That then would support Russia Abashidze! There would be no "sweet couple": South Ossetia and Abkhazia; and "C" ... would be added to Adjara! But "Russian-liberasty" all pros..fukali!
    1. Anzhey V.
      April 24 2021 08: 47
      +3
      And they screwed over Adjara, as always, "effective managers"


      If only Adjara ...)
  • nikvic46
    nikvic46 April 24 2021 05: 18
    +1
    Many of our people know more about the United States than about their closest neighbors. And to this day people think of Turkey as a country with a weak economy. Something we missed since Soviet times. In 1965, I saw Turkish border guards in long overcoats and with According to a friend, everything changed in two years: light jackets, automatic rifles with folding butts, a personal walkie-talkie. Turkish border guards served on the Soviet-Turkish border for six months. And so that they did not get too close to our border guards, they were taken to the rear. These places, where the border was in that position, are now built up with mosques, funded by Turkey, starting from the border up to Batumi.
  • Olddetractor
    Olddetractor April 24 2021 09: 37
    -1
    Since 2012, Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan have been conducting joint military exercises called "Infinity"

    And how will it be in English? Probably "Nocockiness" ... What a figurative and accurate name. Online translator made my day wink
  • Alexey Gusev_4
    Alexey Gusev_4 April 24 2021 13: 17
    -2
    Georgian, it is very difficult for you to kneel with your head held high in front of a Turk, but you have to.
  • Art. TO
    Art. TO April 25 2021 19: 19
    +1
    But... :((
    We quickly learned to scatter the "Kemsky volosts"! An extra few million in a strategic area?
    The Georgians have never been fools - there even women chop in chess! Wherever they were specifically assigned to the case, there was no shame in any specialization. Sorry, even "theft in the law" is God-opposite, but the recognition of the originality of abilities.
    Yes, industrialization was given with great difficulty, they remained in a significant part in the "out-of-pocket peasant industry", because this is their historical fear of hunger, and you cannot go to Siberia for land ... The national engineers were therefore sad, sad and ... alone among their own)). But the seemingly "Caucasian" Balts also turned out to be mostly farmers!

    They fed them, corrupted them ... but who besides the "commies" is to blame for the extermination of Marxist economic theory to such distortions, who "worked" under Gaidar in the propaganda of KaPeSeS?

    Turks know their stuff! And on the Russian side, have they broken firewood? Honest mother, but in Orthodoxy alone it was possible to force such "hedgehogs" on the outer contour that half of the problems would not have happened. Need to work! We cannot find ourselves all .... although all the answers are on the surface.
  • Armen Sologyan
    Armen Sologyan April 27 2021 07: 48
    0
    I don't know what the name of Plekhanov Street in Tbilisi is now, but there is a 100% Turkish population, they bought houses and opened shops. This is not the "soft power" of Turkey, but we got through without soap !!! Batum is already Turkish, but according to the agreement, Lenin gave Western Armenia to the Turks, Artsakh and Nakhichevan to the Azerbaijanis. Well, if the Turks want Batum, then let them give Western Armenia, because the agreement has no retroactive effect !!!
    1. Vefa Sadig
      Vefa Sadig April 29 2021 11: 29
      0
      They did not give anything away, Karabakh and Nakhchivan were, are and will be Azerbaijani territories. You Armenians generally need to shut up, you can write dozens of articles about your tricks in Abkhazia, especially about the battle of Baghramyan, who perpetrated a bloody massacre over the Georgians ... occupied the apartments and houses of Georgians, vote against returning them to their homes and lands, and put forward conditions ?
  • Yunus kent
    Yunus kent April 28 2021 10: 04
    +1
    I am a Turkish citizen living in Turkey. Although he participates in a large part of the analysis, it is understood that he has shortcomings and mistakes. Foreign countries have always misjudged Turkey's dynamics. It is very difficult for foreign citizens to perceive Turkey, just as we cannot perceive Russia with the reflections of the Western world.
    1. Yunus kent
      Yunus kent April 28 2021 10: 05
      0
      If you have questions, I would like to answer with clarity.
  • Vefa Sadig
    Vefa Sadig April 29 2021 11: 23
    0
    I don't quite understand the angry reaction of the Russians to the presence of the Turks in Georgia ... Didn't you humiliate your Georgian brothers in the Orthodox faith by occupying its lands, bringing in the army? Or maybe you didn't grab hold of the Gregorian Armenians, forgetting about the Orthodox Georgians? Where is the logic of your incomprehensible actions? As for the Turks, there will certainly not be any harm from them to the Georgians, but everything can be expected from the Russians, Russia has already shown itself in all its glory
    1. Alexey Kurilov_2
      Alexey Kurilov_2 April 29 2021 15: 11
      0
      now Orthodox Georgia shows itself to Muslims in all its glory
  • Alexey Kurilov_2
    Alexey Kurilov_2 April 29 2021 15: 08
    0
    well, the child should have a guardian
  • Sperry
    Sperry 4 May 2021 13: 19
    +1
    An excellent article, only the lazy has not heard about the connection between Azerbaijan and Turkey, but Georgia has become great news for me!
    1. Anzhey V.
      4 May 2021 13: 21
      0
      Thank you Sperry!)
  • Logan
    Logan 7 May 2021 23: 48
    0
    It remains for Georgia to convert to Mohammedanism and the picture of Turkish influence will be brilliantly completed.
  • Azimuth
    Azimuth 25 May 2021 19: 00
    0
    Quote: Anjay V.
    But when Russia wants to take an example and do something similar in Belarus and Armenia


    Unfortunately, the Kremlin does nothing of the kind in these republics. We feed the local kings in the old fashioned way, after whose departure suddenly we will find that these countries are against us. There is no systematic work on the development of economic dependence, I will not even talk about the promotion of culture ...

    That is why we lost Georgia, Ukraine, and almost lost Belarus, the situation with Armenia is incomprehensible, the game is not over there yet ...
    Moreover, judging by everything, the conclusions have not been made over and over again, and this is impossible, apparently.
  • Azimuth
    Azimuth 25 May 2021 19: 20
    0
    Quote: Vefa Sadig
    I don't quite understand the angry reaction of the Russians to the presence of the Turks in Georgia ... Didn't you humiliate your Georgian brothers in the Orthodox faith by occupying its lands, bringing in the army?
    There are many reasons for such actions; it is understandable that there are also questions for those who determined our policy in this direction. But in most cases, all these events occurred at the time of the collapse of the USSR and the weakness of young Russia. We were losing Georgia, which was a crime, we had nothing but the remnants of the military might of the USSR, that is, strength, so everything happened in an emergency mode, like a fire.

    Quote: Vefa Sadig
    Or maybe you didn't grab hold of the Gregorian Armenians, forgetting about the Orthodox Georgians?
    No, not us. Of course, we have not forgotten that Georgians are our Orthodox brothers, in contrast to the Gregorian Armenians. By the way, you forgot to mention that in fact we also supported Muslims against Orthodox Georgians, religion did not allow? ...
    The dominance of the Gregorian Armenians began in the Soviet era, when Mikoyan was still in power, they occupied many niches freed by emigrating Jews. From the stage and show business in general to the foreign policy department and big business. So, here on the face both the existing, and probably the existing pressure and influence of the Gregorian Armenians at various levels. Like the Jews, it is difficult to bypass them, since there are strong tribal and national ties between them, but in any case, all this is a matter of time, a new generation of cadres is formed, new elites, where the Gregorian Armenians are not represented as strongly as before.

    Quote: Vefa Sadig
    As for the Turks, there will certainly not be any harm from them to the Georgians, but everything can be expected from the Russians, Russia has already shown itself in all its glory
    A tale about a bull ... Russia, if we draw an analogy, can spank and rip off by the ears, but if the Turks were in the place of Russia, the Georgians would not cease to exist at all.
    It is customary to say that both we and Turkey are countries with an imperial past and phantom pains, but there is a history of these empires and their relationship to the subject territories, and here Turkey loses. So lay down gently, but sleep hard. That is why Turkey fails to achieve its goals, for example, through projects of Turkic cultural and economic cooperation, in Central Asia, for example, there are also Turks and Muslims, and they know the value of the Turks. Even Azerbaijan, the closest partner of Turkey in the CIS, especially a participant and sponsor of many joint projects, a major investor in the Turkish economy, and that keeps Turkey at a distance, and in every possible way prevents Turkish expansion. And by the way, as a counterbalance to expansion, and it uses us as a solid counterbalance, and if we read you like this, we did a lot of bad things to Azerbaijan, just like Georgia.
  • Azimuth
    Azimuth 25 May 2021 20: 59
    0
    All of the above methods of economic and cultural influence are implemented exclusively by the Turkish government. In fact, there are no less private programs, projects and organizations in the country that promote Ankara's interests.
    An ode to the Turkish genius ...
    There is no big national big business in Turkey as such, these are either subsidiaries of large transnational corporations or joint projects, but again with a large share of transnational corporations and under their management. And Georgia is a sandbox in which the Turks are only allowed to play and nothing more, and the owner of the sandbox is different.
    Georgia is an entrance and exit to Central Asia, China and Afghanistan, and this is not the level of Turkey, no need to exaggerate.
    It should be understood that despite Turkey's purchase of our S-400s and Erdogan's sabotage with the United States on this matter, Turkey remains a NATO member and values ​​even its place and the role of a butler for the gentlemen.

    The Department of Religious Affairs implements the restoration and construction of mosques, selects students for theological courses in Turkey and spreads Islam among the Christian population of Georgia.
    About the spread of Islam among Georgians (in our understanding), this is certainly strong for the author ...
    Generally speaking, the Georgians who have preserved Orthodoxy are more traditionalists and perhaps more pious than we are.
    All this Turkish fuss with mosques is projected on local Muslims, and not on the Orthodox majority of Georgians. There are Georgians among local Muslims, we are talking about Ajarians, many of us do not know that they are a Georgian ethnic group, but first of all they are Azerbaijanis, Meskhetian Turks, Chechens and Lezgins. It is among the Muslims that the Turks form a support for themselves with an eye to the future, plus they select among them "personnel" for themselves, especially the Chechens, Lezghins and Azerbaijanis - beauty ...
  • Ivan the fool
    Ivan the fool 7 June 2021 17: 35
    0
    for those who write here, the comments became a discovery that the influence can be exerted softly and beautifully, and not like the Russians are used to - with war, threats and littering everything around. therefore, the stupid and had no friends or vassals. even the rats fled from the toxic ones.