Military Review

Electronic warfare systems "Pole-21" in the Russian army

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In the nomenclature of modern domestic electronic warfare systems, there is a rather interesting sample - the so-called. system of covering objects from the aiming use of high-precision weapons "Field-21". This product was first shown to the public in 2013, and in 2016 it was adopted by the Russian army. Since then, it has been repeatedly reported about the transfer of the complexes to the troops and their use during various exercises.


Electronic dome


The Pole-21 complex was developed at the Scientific and Technical Center for Electronic Warfare (STC REB). The main design work was completed by the middle of the last decade, and in 2016 the complex was adopted by the Russian army. There is a modernized version of the Pole-21M, which is already present in the army, and an export version of the Pole-21E, which is being promoted on the international market.

"Pole-21" is designed to counter high-precision weapons and other enemy systems using satellite navigation. The task of this complex is to jam and suppress signals from navigation satellites. Not being able to accurately determine their coordinates, an enemy missile, bomb, aircraft, etc. cannot solve the assigned combat mission.

The complex is built on a modular basis that simplifies its production and deployment. The unified module "Fields-21" is a radio station R-340RP, which includes the instrument part and antenna modules. Each post of the complex includes one container with equipment and up to three antenna modules. The complex also includes a remote control panel that provides control over 100 posts.

Each antenna jamming module is capable of suppressing radio signals at ranges of at least 25 km. Energy potential - 300-1000 W. Operation is provided in a sector with a width of 125 ° in azimuth and 25 ° in elevation. The post consumes power up to 600 watts. The complex is capable of suppressing signals from all existing navigation systems.

Electronic warfare systems "Pole-21" in the Russian army

Means of the "Pole-21" complex: a rack with equipment (left), antenna modules (top right) and a control panel

R-340RP stations with antennas are proposed to be placed on existing or specially erected towers and masts of a suitable height. It is also possible to place funds of the complex on a car base. Compatibility with various power supplies is ensured. Communication between the components of the complex can be maintained via wire lines or radio. So, in the case of installing posts on cell towers, it is possible to use GSM antennas as a backup.

The standard method of deploying and using the Pole-21 complex provides for the installation of a large number of modules over a large area, taking into account the shape and size of the working sectors. With optimal placement, one complex with 100 antenna posts allows covering an area of ​​150 x 150 km. A reliable "dome" of interference is created over such an area, excluding the use of satellite navigation.

Complexes in service


In August 2016, the Russian media, citing their sources, reported on the adoption of the Pole-21 system into service. At the same time, the Ministry of Defense and the organization-developer did not confirm or deny such information. Also, for some time news on the introduction of "Field-21" in the troops did not arrive.

The first message of this kind appeared only a few years later. In November 2019, the Ministry of Defense announced that Field-21 had entered service with an electronic warfare unit from the Central Military District. It was also reported that the rearmament of the Central Military District will not stop there, and in the near future the troops will master new electronic warfare systems.

Shortly thereafter, in early December 2019, it became known about the deployment of the Pole-21 system at the 201st base of the Russian armed forces in Tajikistan. According to this news, the personnel worked out the deployment of equipment in an unprepared area and tested it in action. In the near future, the complex was planned to be put on alert.

In mid-April 2020, a new type of electronic warfare system was transferred to the corresponding unit of one of the combined arms armies of the Eastern Military District. It is curious that this time it was about the "Pole-21M" complex.


In January 2021, the Ministry of Defense announced that by the end of the year, the Central Military District units will receive 10 more Pole-21 complexes. These products will be handed over to units deployed in the Urals and Siberia. The transfer of the announced systems has not yet been reported

Just the other day, they officially announced the presence of "Field-21" at the Tartus base in Syria. This system, together with other modern developments, is used to combat possible raids and to suppress other undesirable activities of a potential adversary.

There was another piece of news a few days ago. It was reported that the EW specialists of the 49th Army of the Southern Military District used their Pole-21 complexes for the first time in training activities. Previously, the supply of such equipment to the Southern Military District was not reported.

Feature of application


Soon after the first news about the deployment of "Field-21" in the troops, there were reports of the use of such complexes in various exercises. The specialists of the 201st base of the Russian army were the first to use their equipment. In early January 2020, they organized a cover for the residential and administrative zone, weapons depots and positions of anti-aircraft complexes.

Subsequently, reports on the use of the Pole-21 complex in various exercises were received with enviable regularity. These products are used independently and in conjunction with other electronic warfare systems for various purposes. The last time the Ministry of Defense reported about such events was a few days ago, in mid-April. In a number of cases, some details of the exercises were revealed, which made it possible to present the capabilities and range of tasks of new complexes.

Reportedly, during the exercise, "Pole-21" mainly confronts the unmanned aerial vehicles of the imaginary enemy. With the help of interference, the complex disrupts the navigation of the UAV and disrupts its performance of the assigned task. Apparently, this version of the use of the complex was worked out by all divisions-operators.


Also, the joint use of "Field-21" with other systems was tested. For example, in October last year, the troops of the Central Military District, together with this complex, used the "Zhitel" jamming station, with the help of which they suppressed the UAV's communication channels. In Tartus, together with Pole-21, the Ratnik-Kupol complex was deployed, which makes it possible to suppress navigation signals and control channels.

Recent exercises in the Southern Military District showed the capabilities of the Pole-21 system to work in the reconnaissance and strike contours of the combined arms army. Electronic warfare units worked as part of battalion tactical groups and provided their protection from reconnaissance drones. With the help of interference, it was possible to disrupt the work of the UAV and hide its troops from the artillery of the imaginary enemy.

Protecting the future


Deliveries of serial electronic warfare systems "Pole-21 (M)" to the troops began only a year and a half ago, and since that time they have been received by subdivisions of three military districts. According to known data, the production and supply of such equipment will continue in the future - the Central District alone will receive 10 new complexes this year.

In the past, the Pole-21 complex has confirmed its wide capabilities during tests, and now it shows a high potential within the framework of exercises of various scales. Its ability to disrupt the enemy's navigation, disrupting the performance of its tasks and ensuring the protection of its facilities has been repeatedly demonstrated.

It is easy to see that the Pole-21 complex, with all its proven advantages, is not universal - it is a specialized system for suppressing radio signals of a certain purpose. However, it copes with its task perfectly, and also has high technical and operational characteristics. In addition, the principle of suppressing satellite navigation takes into account current trends in the development of armies and their weapons.

A specialized complex designed to counter enemy navigation systems has already found its place in the structure of the electronic warfare of the Russian army. The number of such equipment is gradually increasing; the list of operating parts is expanding. Thus, our armed forces are actively developing and expanding their capabilities to counter the enemy - and the development of "Field-21" becomes another important step in this direction.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, STC REB
29 comments
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U April 21 2021 04: 12
    +6
    An interesting thing, as rightly noted, for solving a specific problem, but cheap. But the enemy will cost much more to overcome it.
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Emil Azeri
    Emil Azeri April 21 2021 05: 26
    -9
    In 2020, the Azerbaijani Air Force operated in the face of opposition from Field 21 and Repellent.



    1. kytx
      kytx April 21 2021 07: 20
      +6
      who said that there was at least some kind of electronic warfare over Karabakh? Azerbaijanis probably?
      1. Avior
        Avior April 21 2021 08: 18
        +2
        Armenians said
        the former head of the General Staff of the Armenian Armed Forces Movses Hakobyan.
        According to him, the newest electronic warfare system Pole-21E was used in combat conditions in Karabakh http://www.ntc-reb.ru/pole.html, which only this year entered service with the RF Armed Forces.
        According to Hakobyan's statements, after the launch of the complex, the Turks and Azerbaijanis could not use their UAVs normally for 4 days. On the 5th day, they apparently picked up the keys to the operation of the system (Akopyan does not explain what happened) and were able to resume the combat work of the UAV.
        1. kytx
          kytx April 21 2021 08: 37
          +2
          “According to Hakobyan’s statements, after the launch of the complex, the Turks and Azerbaijanis couldn’t use their UAVs normally for 4 days. On the 5th day, they apparently picked up the keys to the operation of the system (Hakobyan does not explain what happened) and were able to resume the combat work of the UAV. "

          I understand that the Field is a simple and cheap jammer (if you know, correct if not)
          there is no need to pick up the keys to it :)
          most likely just disabled the installation
          she's a source of a radio signal and it is not difficult to aim a means of destruction at her
          1. Avior
            Avior April 21 2021 11: 25
            +2
            I understand that the Field is a simple and cheap jammer (if you know, correct if not)
            there is no need to pick up the keys to it :)

            it is obvious that in this case the keys are allegorical. We learned how to neutralize its effect.
            most likely just disabled the installation
            she's a source of a radio signal and it is not difficult to aim a means of destruction at her

            it is not so easy. Jamming systems for satellite navigation are distributed systems, and it is not the installation itself that emits, but remotely controlled radio jamming posts. Specifically, Pole21E has up to hundreds of them per unit, they work autonomously.
            http://www.ntc-reb.ru/pole.html
            U Pole21 - I read that up to 150.
            Radio interference posts are compact and can be masked. It is not easy to amaze them due to their compactness and quantity.
            1. OgnennyiKotik
              OgnennyiKotik April 21 2021 11: 35
              -4
              Quote: Avior
              We learned how to neutralize its effect.

              Not the fact that it worked. These days there was a heavy fog, winter began. Anyway, the events of the last days were very strange.
              1. Avior
                Avior April 21 2021 11: 38
                0
                is not a fact.
                but in this case we are talking about who said that Pole21 was in Karabakh
        2. APASUS
          APASUS April 21 2021 17: 14
          +1
          Quote: Avior
          Armenians said
          the former head of the General Staff of the Armenian Armed Forces Movses Hakobyan.
          According to him, the newest electronic warfare system Pole-21E was used in combat conditions in Karabakh http://www.ntc-reb.ru/pole.html, which only this year entered service with the RF Armed Forces.
          According to Hakobyan's statements, after the launch of the complex, the Turks and Azerbaijanis could not use their UAVs normally for 4 days. On the 5th day, they apparently picked up the keys to the operation of the system (Akopyan does not explain what happened) and were able to resume the combat work of the UAV.

          What the Armenians didn’t tell. As I understand it, they don’t and didn’t even have a built-in logic in justifying their actions. Everyone shields himself and sometimes it turns out funny
          1. Avior
            Avior April 21 2021 17: 26
            +1
            What exactly do you think he is shielding himself in the story with Pole21?
            1. APASUS
              APASUS April 22 2021 08: 51
              0
              Quote: Avior
              What exactly do you think he is shielding himself in the story with Pole21?

              He submits information in defense of his inept actions. The information from which it can be concluded that Field 21 is manure. By hiding their inept actions, they expose the suppliers, that is, us.
              1. Avior
                Avior April 22 2021 09: 22
                0
                He submits information in defense of his inept actions.

                For several years he has not been the chief of the General Staff, he is a former chief, so I am asking.
      2. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik April 21 2021 09: 21
        -3
        You still say that there was no air defense.
        List confirmed (photo / video) losses of the NKR and Armenian armies.

        11) MANPADS - 3 units. Igla-S captured as trophies
        ZSU-23-4 Shilka - 7 units.

        12) Anti-aircraft missile systems - 34 units. :
        3 units - 9K35 "Strela-10"
        18 units - "Wasp" ("Wasp-AKM")
        3 units - 2K12 "Cube"
        5 units - PU S-300PS
        1 unit - a machine from the S-300 complex
        1 unit - Tor-M2KM
        3 unit - 2K12 Circle

        13) radar - 15 units. :
        2 units - P-18 / M
        4 units - 36D6 (for S-300)
        1 unit - SNR-125 (for S-125)
        2 units - 5N63S (for S-300)
        1 unit - 19Ж6 (for S-300)
        1 unit - 1S32 (for 2K11 "Circle")
        2 unit - 1S91 (for 2K12 "Cube")
        1 unit - R-15
        1 unit - R-19

        14) Electronic warfare / REP machines - 3 units. :
        1 unit - R-330P "Pyramid-1"
        2 unit - Repellent-1

        15) Aviation - 1 unit. - Su-25K
        1 unit - Mi-8

        16) UAV - 4 units.

        18) False targets - 2 units. (Wasps)

        You can see the photos and screenshots here: https://www.oryxspioenkop.com/2020/09/the-fight-for-nagorno-karabakh.html
        1. Viktor Sergeev
          Viktor Sergeev April 21 2021 11: 30
          +3
          And where do you see the air defense? A pile of old stuff. Real air defense is a system, not a set of missiles and other equipment. I served in the air defense and did not see a single Armenian pvoshniki, there is no brain for this, or they simply don’t go to the army ..
        2. Emil Azeri
          Emil Azeri April 21 2021 12: 50
          -3
          I know not the topic, but please add tanks there too, a few days ago I. Aliyev spoke and said about T-72 tanks,
          287 destroyed, 79 taken as a trophy, the total number of tanks lost by the enemy is 366.
          As for the destroyed Armenian air defense systems, there are many more than in your figures.) I don’t know where you got these data, but they are incorrect.
        3. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 21 2021 14: 58
          +1
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          You still say that there was no air defense.
          List of confirmed (photo / video) losses of the NKR and Armenian armies.

          The Armenians did not have air defense - they had a set of air defense systems and ZSU "in bulk"
          Well, when the air defense is working normally, a UAV with a camera cannot hang out next to the "Thor". And the sector of the "Thor" leaving for reloading must be covered by its neighbors.
    2. Viktor Sergeev
      Viktor Sergeev April 21 2021 08: 09
      -3
      Are you delusional? Where did the Armenians get the Field or other means of electronic warfare? Even if they were, the Armenians are still specialists.
      1. KCA
        KCA April 21 2021 09: 00
        +3
        Well, what do you mean, Armenia has everything, even "Borei" with "Bulavs" in Lake Sevan are hiding, don't you believe? Ask the Azerbaijanis
      2. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik April 21 2021 09: 08
        -1
        Quote: Victor Sergeev
        Where did the Armenians get the Field or other means of electronic warfare?

        From Russia.
        Repellent-1 first destroyed:


        Second destroyed



        R-330 pyramid
        1. Viktor Sergeev
          Viktor Sergeev April 21 2021 11: 27
          +2
          And where is the Field, don't I see? But still one thing is true: the technology in the hands of savages is a heap of scrap metal.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 21 2021 15: 03
          +3
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          Repellent-1 first destroyed:

          EMNIP, in this case, the UAV was already finished off by a knocked-out "Repellent": the video shows that instead of a van there is a skeleton of beams, and the nose platform is not raised.
  4. kytx
    kytx April 21 2021 05: 48
    +1
    Quote: Vladimir_2U
    An interesting thing, as rightly noted, for solving a specific problem, but cheap. But the enemy will cost much more to overcome it.

    you can probably only "overcome" it by destroying it :)
    satellite navigation in military affairs today is already yesterday
    such things are good against a technically weak opponent
    mobile version is definitely a useful thing
  5. Tagan
    Tagan April 21 2021 06: 26
    +6
    Quote: Emil Azeri
    In 2020, the Azerbaijani Air Force operated in the face of opposition from Field 21 and Repellent.

    The Russian Aerospace Forces forgot to mention.
    Adept of the Bayraktar sect, when opposition is really carried out, such aircraft models fall like dead flies.
    As I understand it, Bayraktars are your only source of pride? Only here without the Turks you will not be able to manage them))) but do not forget that the Turks are far from omnipotent and act exactly as long as it is allowed. Thrown out by the scruff of your Turkish masters, what will you do?
  6. Avior
    Avior April 21 2021 07: 09
    -2
    The author did not mention whether Pole21 was used in Karabakh, the tasks were just according to his profile. I read statements from the Armenian side that it was applied.
    1. kytx
      kytx April 21 2021 08: 17
      -4
      if you please provide proof!
      1. Avior
        Avior April 21 2021 11: 31
        +1
        Above is a quote from the kolonelkasada.
        https://colonelcassad.livejournal.com/6340680.html?utm_source=embed_post
        "Pole-21E" in Karabakh
  7. Magic archer
    Magic archer April 21 2021 07: 17
    +1
    In general, such complexes should be kept secret. No need for sworn friends to know about their existence. To be a surprise later. Not so long ago I read that the Americans, in the light of our achievements in electronic warfare, decided to invest several lards in this direction.
    1. kytx
      kytx April 21 2021 08: 24
      -2
      and why secret something that has long been known to everyone?
      in case of a serious mess, the first thing to do is satellite navigation
      I was in Cuba in the mid-00s, so my Garmin did not work on the island. in the Russian Federation, in Europe, in Southeast Asia he worked great, but not on the Island of Freedom
  8. Burdock
    Burdock April 21 2021 08: 55
    -1
    And where are the real results of its application? And if Rogozin's brother is at the head of the industries that are engaged in electronic warfare. Native.