Military Review

Criticism as one of the last refuge of common sense

70
Criticism as one of the last refuge of common sense

Introduction



After becoming a production foreman in the 70s, after a while I began to listen not only to criticism, but even to the doubts of my subordinates and tried to take immediate action. In the 80s, he already began to plan actions with the involvement of stakeholders and always with preventive actions. As a result, I practically did not hear any criticism from my subordinates, but there were no suggestions. And these proposals: from ill-conceived and momentary to deeply talented. It's great that people weren't afraid to propose.

I was lucky with the bosses. Most of them did not accept the slogan "I am the boss - you are a fool, you are the boss - I am a fool." I was taught that people usually criticize not out of anger, but out of justified discontent with lingering absurdities. Even my ill-wishers often offered sensible things.

There are many new members on the site. I offer them the notes "The basics of good governance" and "Never give up ...". And even below I offer interesting points of view on the disgrace of Marshal Zhukov under Stalin and on the gross domestic product, in the light of investments from offshore companies.

When it comes to criticism, this is an indicator of weak or even poor leadership. This refers to criticism in the common sense, including as an indication of shortcomings, inconsistency of the results with the promised and planned.

And we do not confuse criticism and criticism. Criticism is based on objective, primary facts. Criticism is overblown petty nagging.

If things are not going quite right, or not at all, then first suggestions appear on how to do well; then - comments that the results could have been better; and finally, criticism itself arises, when the decision-maker does not pay attention or is not in a hurry to correct shortcomings.

In the note "The Basics of Good Management" it is said that a strong leader, already during planning, takes preventive actions against possible negative results, and therefore they rarely happen. The average leader analyzes negative results and takes corrective actions, learns from his own and others' negative experiences and becomes strong leaders. But a weak leader is constantly engaged in correction. Moreover, “weak” does not mean at all that he does not understand how to act.

Well, those who are not engaged in correction receive criticism from external sources. And sometimes in its own dome. It's just a pity that it's not always on time. And not only in their own way.

Feedback in management, if simplified, is an analysis of the results (and not necessarily at the last stage), the development of the necessary impact and its application.
Criticism is an element of feedback. Any complex system without feedback eventually stops or goes into gear. Moreover, a combination of both is often observed.

For example, an official may more and more neglect his duties and promises, but more and more intensively grab, grab, grab. And he was not born a thief, and he was not a bad leader or a thief in primary care leaders. He just turned out to be morally weak, and his superiors did not create effective feedback - a system of control and taking action.

Criticism transforms


A little about the measures taken during Stalin's time.

It may be argued that criticism as a method of identifying shortcomings in those days, to put it mildly, was not encouraged. This is not entirely true.

How do I know about this?

In the 60s in the Sverdlovsk UPI them. S. M. Kirov listened to interesting lectures on stories CPSU (see the note "Liberalism as a refuge for a real intellectual"). And in the days of Stalin, there were effective control bodies based on truly popular control and very effective corrective measures taken to deviate from the normal course of affairs. Simply put, the motivation for good work of the top echelon of the country's leaders was then at a high level. And this top echelon, accordingly, demanded efficiency from subordinates.

For objective reasons, then the level of education and experience from top to bottom was lower than in many capitalist countries, which manifested itself in excesses. But there was no lack of enthusiasm.

Then I couldn't get through a number like: "Yes, it's bad, but without me (without him) it would have been even worse." Moreover, effective measures were taken against violators.

For example, according to Marshal Zhukov. Everyone has heard of Stalin's envy of Zhukov and therefore demotion to the post of commander of the secondary Odessa military district. And I read something else from Yu. Mukhin. The regulatory authorities revealed the wagons of goods exported from Germany for Zhukov, that is, looting. According to the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, Zhukov was threatened for this from 3 years (under extenuating circumstances, which did not exist) and up to the highest measure of social protection. It was impossible to lower such a thing, but to pull it out was a shame. Stalin saved Zhukov by arranging an accusation only of self-glorification. Moreover, Stalin could not even imagine that there would be those who would later accuse him of envy. But Zhukov did not possess such nobility. And in his memoirs ... But I must say something else - in the 60s we had a guest who served in a big post in the UralVO. To my youthful enthusiasm for Marshal Zhukov, he said that Zhukov in the war and Zhukov in the UralVO are two different people. And at the UralVO he was much more human. So the punishment went for the future.

And what is being done now?

Let's take something that interests me as an engineer and a former production worker. The economy.

The gross domestic product (GDP) of Russia, in purchasing power parity, from 2011 to 2020 changed from 4 to 3,3 trillion dollars, and in total for 10 years amounted to 37,2. During this time, the net outflow of foreign exchange, that is, the excess of export over investment, amounted to $ 580 billion, or more than 1,5% of GDP.

It is reasonably believed that this is the currency of the Russian oligarchs. But that doesn't make it any easier. We have invested so much in the Western economy. In addition to the fact that the Central Bank keeps a part of the currency there, our gold and currency flows out there in a private, not always honest way.

Can you imagine?

Every year it is necessary to reduce the growth of the economy by this amount. If we added 7-10% every year, then okay. But we are happy with 2 (two!) Percent of growth!

Again I hasten to reassure the experts of the "window view of the economy." If more and more cars are seen from the window near the house, this does not mean the growth of the country's power. It's just that with a certain development of the country, some product is produced more than it is utilized, even if the economy is not growing. This is from the school history course.

Already the supreme authorities are calling for the return of everything from Western jurisdiction and offshore. Not to mention the criticism of this situation below.

So what?

And nothing.

You know, this is reminiscent of the development of Russia before 1914. Then uh how developed! Why exactly "uh"? But because a lot of money was exported to France - the owner of many industrial enterprises.

Sneakers, on the way out


We must respond to any criticism.

And the more the deviation from the normal course of affairs is revealed, the more rigid the control action should be. And technicians with experience to move to the leaders. With a positive experience of leadership for subordinates and the country, starting from the brigade / platoon. Those who have shown themselves well for a long time, it is a long one. There is no need for the boys from the Higher School of Economics, claiming that prices rise from the fact that we produce a lot. This is what they either think of us as stupid, or they themselves are not smart.

And after. Only someone from the top echelon licked an even higher one, so immediately this slime - out with a wolf ticket. I think it must be disgusting to hear how wonderful you are. Of course, ill-wishers have no place on the team. But they don't need sycophants either.

In my experience, sycophants are not the strongest employees, are not entirely reliable, and clearly do not want the boss to always be in good shape.
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U April 20 2021 12: 08
    +12
    And the more the deviation from the normal course of affairs is revealed, the more rigid the control action should be. And technicians with experience to move to the leaders.
    Techies are not a panacea, but demagogues are definitely better!

    Only someone from the top echelon licked an even higher one, so immediately this slime - out with a wolf ticket.
    This is fantastic, unfortunately.
    1. Svarog
      Svarog April 20 2021 12: 58
      +4
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      lizuna - out with a wolf ticket.
      This is fantastic, unfortunately.

      No, not fantastic .. I saw it personally while working in a western office .. this is the case, where a strong and advanced leadership.
      In general, the article is excellent, I take off my hat to the author .. This is one of the most important topics and problems that requires an urgent solution. Cadres are everything.
      1. Stas157
        Stas157 April 20 2021 14: 31
        -2
        When it comes to criticism, it is an indicator of weak or even poor leadership.

        It is significant that only now who does not criticize the galley rower. And the volume of criticism is growing from year to year! And at least henna. He only increases the number of riot police with truncheons. And the dissatisfied, who dared to blather too much in the networks or go to a rally, are thrown behind bars.

        the net outflow of foreign exchange, that is, the excess of exports over investments, amounted to $ 580 billion, or more than 1,5% of GDP.

        It is reasonably believed that this is the currency of the Russian oligarchs. But that doesn't make it any easier. We have invested so much in the Western economy. In addition to the fact that the Central Bank keeps a part of the currency there, our gold and currency flows out there in a private, not always honest way.

        Can you imagine?

        Every year it is necessary to reduce the growth of the economy by this amount. If we added 7-10% every year, then okay. But we are happy with 2 (two!) percent of growth!

        All small stature, if any, oligarch friends (you know who) are taken abroad. I don’t know how much was taken out last year, in which there was a negative growth in GDP, but for some reason, the number of billionaires has greatly increased during the pandemic.
        1. Jaromir
          Jaromir April 20 2021 15: 43
          +2
          Quote: Stas157
          dissatisfied, who dared to blather too much in the networks or go to a rally - throws them behind bars

          Why are you, dear person, not slurping gruel behind bars, but sitting on the Internet?
          1. Stas157
            Stas157 April 20 2021 16: 37
            -4
            Quote: Jaromir
            Why are you, dear person, not slurping gruel behind bars, but sitting on the Internet?

            I write carefully - I do not allow unnecessary things. You have to choose your words carefully. And I'm not alone on this site.

            What do you think there is none of this? You can see and have never heard that people are imprisoned even for likes and reposts, and many read bloggers on stretched articles (extremeism) for criticizing the authorities?
            1. Jaromir
              Jaromir April 20 2021 23: 39
              +2
              Do you live in Russia? It's amazing how not to know what is happening in the country? ...
              How many, from the moment of decriminalization, that is, from January 1, 2019, to the present day, has the Russian justice system imprisoned people for likes and reposts?
              Quote: Stas157
              I write carefully - I do not allow unnecessary things

              What does superfluous mean? If we have repression in our country, it doesn't matter who writes what. They wrote against the authorities, they must go through the stage. Repression. If not, well, there is one of two things, either there is no repression, or the man is "Azef". No not like this?
              Quote: Stas157
              And I'm not alone on this site.

              I understood this by the number of minuses, just as you probably understood.
              Quote: Stas157
              You can see and have not heard

              Dear man ... During my years I have seen and heard a lot of things that you just read and watched on the news. hi
              1. Stas157
                Stas157 April 21 2021 03: 28
                -6
                Quote: Jaromir
                Wrote against the authorities, must go through the stage... Repression. If not, well, there is one of two things, either there is no repression, or the man is "Azef".

                What are you portraying that all this is not there? There are no political articles in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and political persecution? Prisoners under these articles and simply on far-fetched pretexts? Not everyone is grabbed (so far), otherwise some confused people would have remained.
                1. sleeve
                  sleeve April 21 2021 06: 50
                  +2
                  Of course have. You write about them. This means that they have reasonedly summed up the grounds for the statement about "political articles". You didn’t mean extremist and anti-constitutional activity. So calmly name the article numbers and explain the essence of your statement. "Landing for likes and reposts" is not our homebrew method. But the reaction to indignation, as well as legislative action, i.e. in fact, there is monitoring of legal acts.
                  1. Stas157
                    Stas157 April 21 2021 10: 16
                    -5
                    Quote: sleeve
                    So calmly name the article numbers and explain the essence of your statement.

                    Zaputintsy seem to have been born yesterday and are generally not in the know about the hard-hitting side of today's life. Looking for articles that can be closed for politics? Keep:
                    Article 280. Public calls for extremist activity
                    Section 282. Arousal of National, Racial or Religious Enmity
                    Article 282.1. Organization of extremist community
                    282.2 Article. Organization of extremist organization
                    Article 319. Insulting a government official
                    Article 320. Disclosure of information about security measures applied to an official of a law enforcement or regulatory body
                    329 Article. Abuse of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation or the State Flag of the Russian Federation
                    Article 354. Public calls for the outbreak of aggressive war.

                    They can attract (for politics) in general under any article. Or toss drugs like Golunova. Or haven't you heard that either?))
                    1. sleeve
                      sleeve April 21 2021 13: 24
                      +3
                      Good "politics" ... Don't like what they shut down for this? I understand what this is about. But the drawbar is just bending by people, people on the ground. There any article, up to the administrative one, becomes "politics". The scoundrels use everything that is around. But to expose such articles as yours as an element of the repressiveness of the state apparatus ... I ask you to add another article for the propaganda of Nazism. Suddenly it is the same "repressing" someone. And you forgot 318 ... A very popular "political" article.
                2. Jaromir
                  Jaromir April 21 2021 14: 39
                  +2
                  Quote: Stas157
                  What are you portraying that all this is not?

                  Do you think I look like an artist? Well, you are a dreamer :-)
                  Quote: Stas157
                  There are no political articles in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and political persecution?

                  This is not about political articles. We are talking about what you say about the political repressions carried out by the authorities today, now.
                  Quote: Stas157
                  Prisoners under these articles and simply on far-fetched pretexts?

                  No need to substitute concepts. You said that in Russia people are imprisoned for likes and reposts. Hence my first question, which you never answered. I repeat my question:
                  How many people have been jailed for likes and reposts in the last two years?
                  Quote: Stas157
                  Not everyone is grabbed (so far), otherwise some confused people would have remained.

                  Hence my second question:
                  Why are you at large and not in places of deprivation of liberty? There can be only four answers. 1-There is no repression. 2-You are a freelance CPE agent. 3-You do not live in Russia. 4-Your comments do not fall under the definition of extremism, but that's a different story.
      2. Motorist
        Motorist April 20 2021 17: 09
        +6
        Quote: Svarog
        in the western office ... this is the place to be, where a strong and advanced leadership

        And here and there!

        Quote: Svarog
        watched personally

        The opposite is true.

        Quote: Svarog
        In general, the article is excellent

        The article reminded me of the textbook "Fundamentals of Reliability Theory and Technical Diagnostics" (EMNIP) - they shouted. (Criticism, if that ...)
        1. Svarog
          Svarog April 20 2021 18: 03
          +3
          in the western office ... this is the place to be, where a strong and advanced leadership

          And here and there!

          Very much even yes .. In general, of course, this is more of an exception .. but in my practice there were a couple of examples when fans of kissing the fifth point of the leadership, flew out of work for lack of results .. The system was simply arranged in such a way that there is no result, no work .. and the management did not want to lose their very good salary for the sake of feeling the language of another sycophant .. But this was when the general director was a foreigner .. as the domestic one appeared, the system turned in favor of the disgraced .. but at the same time, the indicators began to differ greatly ...
          1. Motorist
            Motorist April 20 2021 18: 26
            +1
            I also observed it personally, so we now have 50-50 observations. yes People "make the cash register" in their department, while driving the "marriage" into the next department; but the bosses see only their "successes" and the shortcomings of others. Although this is already a different - more confusing - story ...

            As for "ours" and "theirs" - there are also people, not demigods, leave this "special" attitude towards foreigners - it's not the 90s already.
            1. Svarog
              Svarog April 20 2021 18: 32
              0
              Quote: Motorist
              As for "ours" and "theirs" - there are also people, not demigods, leave this "special" attitude towards foreigners - it's not the 90s already.

              You do not understand .. ours and they have nothing to do with .. well, or not quite ..
              The system is important here .. and the person who manages it. If there is a system and a person with "iron testicles", then everything always works out .. but for some reason, domestic managers are more inclined to love the language of their subordinates ..
              1. Motorist
                Motorist April 20 2021 18: 48
                +3
                Quote: Svarog
                You do not understand .. ours and they have nothing to do with .. well, or not quite ..

                I wrote above - a confusing story. There, personal interest is at the forefront (read - profit), language is only what is visible to the naked eye. I think this works in the case of a manual with by any citizenship and nationality.
    2. Civil
      Civil April 20 2021 14: 15
      -22%
      Sneakers, on the way out

      We must respond to any criticism.

      Even the late Goebbels called those who unjustly criticize the state regime "critics and missmasters."
      Now they are called all-fenders and mourners.
      All these people, before criticizing the United Russia party and the Government, should ask themselves, why do you believe in the propaganda of the Western plutocracies? Is our army standing on the western borders for the sake of aggression? Moreover, there are lands that historically belonged to our great ancestors. Living space for our nation is not a whim, but a necessity. Isn't it a feat to give your life for your country, expanding its borders? Let us rally in one iron formation, shoulder to shoulder to defeat the Western plutocrats.

      History repeats itself twice, once as tragedy, once as farce
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U April 20 2021 14: 19
        +9
        Quote: Civil
        Now they are called all-fenders and mourners.
        All these people, before criticizing the United Russia party and the Government, should ask themselves, why do you believe in the propaganda of the Western plutocracies?
        They are also called liberals and demos, why would they?
        1. Civil
          Civil April 20 2021 14: 28
          -15%
          Quote: Vladimir_2U
          They are also called liberals and demos, why would they?


          Do not be so narrowly, everyone who does not like United Russia should either be silent or be deprived of their rights. Convert to semi-citizens, such as "untermines". Whatever one may say, only defective people can be dissatisfied with their state. Look like in Ukraine.
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U April 20 2021 14: 33
            +7
            Quote: Civil
            all who do not like United Russia should either remain silent or be deprived of their rights. Convert to semi-citizens, like "untermines". Whatever one may say, only defective people can be dissatisfied with their state. Look like in Ukraine.
            What, and in the Ukraine United Russia? Look at what they are doing.
      2. Gardamir
        Gardamir April 20 2021 15: 54
        +17
        why do you believe the propaganda of Western plutocracies?
        Why do you believe the Russian plutocracy?
        For example, in our yard now they are changing the curbs, the old ones are completely intact, they were changed five years ago. The asphalt on the next street was changed once twice during the summer. All this is assimilated by means. But there is no money for the people. How is that? Or do you see Obama (trump, can) behind every bush again?
        1. Civil
          Civil April 21 2021 06: 53
          -2
          Quote: Gardamir
          Why do you believe the Russian plutocracy?
          For example, in our yard now they are changing the curbs, the old ones are completely intact, they were changed five years ago. The asphalt on the next street was changed once twice during the summer. All this is assimilated by means. But there is no money for the people. How is that? Or do you see Obama (trump, can) behind every bush again?

          Do you believe in sarcasm? Why didn't anyone read the comment carefully? The country was turned into a parody of the Hitlerite Reich.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 April 20 2021 12: 10
    -4
    In my experience, sycophants are not the strongest employees, they are not entirely reliable and clearly do not want the boss to always be in good shape.
    what exactly did you want to say ??? or is it a prelude to something .... to something?
    1. Andrey Korotkov
      Andrey Korotkov April 20 2021 12: 33
      +2
      hi Victor, Satya is in the opinion section, there are sound thoughts, I noticed that half an hour has passed, and there are four comments, (-) (+) zero! yes colleagues digest the article
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 20 2021 13: 04
        +3
        The article is as a reason for reflection ... this is understandable.
        But, the topic, the subject of consideration is not new, and therefore, I suppose, there is an established opinion on it ...
        In my opinion, discussing the periods of our history that have passed under the leadership of specific people can be considered separately, in stages, it is worth it.
      2. DED_peer_DED
        DED_peer_DED April 20 2021 13: 26
        +2
        yes colleagues digest the article


        Coworkers digest lunch drinks
        1. Andrey Korotkov
          Andrey Korotkov April 20 2021 13: 31
          -1
          Quote: DED_peer_DED
          yes colleagues digest the article


          Coworkers digest lunch drinks

          yes Eating implies a calm state of mind.
  3. iouris
    iouris April 20 2021 12: 15
    0
    Lenin taught you to distinguish between "negation" (dialectics) and "bare, wasted negation", that is, "nihilism."
  4. Sling cutter
    Sling cutter April 20 2021 12: 16
    +3
    After becoming a production foreman in the 70s, after a while I began to listen not only to criticism, but even to the doubts of my subordinates and tried to take immediate action. In the 80s, he already began to plan actions with the involvement of stakeholders and always with preventive actions. As a result, I practically did not hear criticism from my subordinates, but there were no suggestions until "I can not." And these proposals: from ill-conceived and momentary to deeply talented.

    Everything was exactly like that, he also started as a foreman of the production site. There were so many ratsuhs from the foremen that it was unbearable to fight the rationers. That's how they made out, they were the "conductor", I gave them the drawings, then to the station. the master, then to the deputy head. workshop, then to the chief, to Ch. engineer and .... as a result, the prize for "ratsuha" 150 rubles, 120 chiefs of different links, well, we are "sinful" for three rubles. yes
  5. 210ox
    210ox April 20 2021 12: 32
    +7
    Interesting article. About sycophants - it’s true, they will kill any normal idea for the sake of their own career. About techies ..... It's not bad that they, in addition to technical knowledge, also have economic knowledge.
  6. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov April 20 2021 12: 34
    +9
    The gross domestic product (GDP) of Russia, in purchasing power parity, from 2011 to 2020 changed from 4 to 3,3 trillion dollars,

    The figure is beautiful. It is both pleasant and honorable to be in the top ten world leaders.
    It remains to rise higher in the list of countries in terms of GDP per capita, which I wish the Russians with all my heart. drinks hi
    1. Cruorvult
      Cruorvult April 20 2021 12: 52
      +6
      Only here the numbers must be rearranged in places, from 3,4 it increased to 4, although in 2018 it was 4,2
    2. Svarog
      Svarog April 20 2021 13: 00
      +1
      Quote: A. Privalov
      The figure is beautiful.

      Are you satisfied with negative growth?
      1. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov April 20 2021 13: 13
        +9
        Quote: Svarog
        Are you satisfied with negative growth?

        Of course not. We will consider this phenomenon as a temporary decline in the rise. 2020 is not indicative. Now all countries have sagged. As we get out of all sorts of restrictions, the world economy will definitely go up.
        1. Svarog
          Svarog April 20 2021 13: 25
          +4
          Quote: A. Privalov
          As we get out of all sorts of restrictions, the world economy will definitely go up.

          China is still showing an increase of 18,3% in the first months of 2021 .. and we will not have growth until oil prices exceed $ 100 ..
          1. A. Privalov
            A. Privalov April 20 2021 13: 56
            +2
            Quote: Svarog
            Quote: A. Privalov
            As we get out of all sorts of restrictions, the world economy will definitely go up.

            China is still showing an increase of 18,3% in the first months of 2021 .. and we will not have growth until oil prices exceed $ 100 ..

            China is not an indicator. It has its own characteristics, but also its own problems.
            As for oil, the average price of Brent in 2021 will be $ 63 per barrel, WTI - $ 60 per barrel.
            For 2022, forecasts for Brent were raised from $ 55 to $ 60 per barrel, and for WTI - from $ 52 to $ 57 per barrel.
            This is predicted by BofA Global Research analysts.
            1. Svarog
              Svarog April 20 2021 14: 01
              0
              Quote: A. Privalov
              China is not an indicator. It has its own characteristics, but also its own problems.

              Everyone has their own characteristics and problems .. who is your indicator? You need to be equal to the leaders.
              And learn from their experience.
              This is predicted by BofA Global Research analysts.

              There was a time when I tracked the forecasts of "analysts", now I stopped .. because they rarely come true ..
              1. A. Privalov
                A. Privalov April 20 2021 14: 11
                +2
                Chasing leaders is a waste of energy. The times of "catch up and overtake" are long gone. Normal countries are moving at their own pace. There is no need to tear the navel to no avail. So it’s just a stone's throw away.
                As for the forecasts, everything is simple. Writes it out on a piece of paper and verifies the results once a quarter. After that, you decide for yourself whether it came true / did not come true, believe / not believe. hi
                1. Svarog
                  Svarog April 20 2021 14: 13
                  +1
                  Quote: A. Privalov
                  Chasing leaders is a waste of energy. The times of "Catch up and overtake" are long gone

                  Well, yes .. it's time to put down our "legs" and recognize ourselves as a gas station .. With this approach, in 50 years we will die out .. and if in the Second World War they reasoned like that, then now we would not exist ..
                  1. A. Privalov
                    A. Privalov April 20 2021 15: 26
                    -1
                    Quote: Svarog
                    Well, yes .. it's time to put down our "legs" and recognize ourselves as a gas station .. With this approach, in 50 years we will die out .. and if in the Second World War they reasoned like that, then now we would not exist ..

                    Then, pray tell, whom are you going to catch up with and overtake? USA? China? India?
    3. DED_peer_DED
      DED_peer_DED April 20 2021 13: 30
      +4
      Quote: A. Privalov
      from 2011 to 2020 changed from 4 to 3,3 trillion dollars

      I’m wondering, were dollars in 2011 and 2020 also different? Or some kind of abstract, out of touch with time?
      Maybe you should have counted in ounces?
      1. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov April 20 2021 13: 47
        +4
        Quote: DED_peer_DED
        Quote: A. Privalov
        from 2011 to 2020 changed from 4 to 3,3 trillion dollars

        I’m wondering, were dollars in 2011 and 2020 also different? Or some kind of abstract, out of touch with time?
        Maybe you should have counted in ounces?

        The question is not for me, but for the author of the article.
        I did not double-check this figure, but simply copied it from the article. And this is not particularly important. It's about the trend, not the decimal places. hi
  7. tatra
    tatra April 20 2021 12: 50
    +4
    There is constructive criticism, and there is the stupid, senseless, irrational criticism so beloved by the enemies of the communists, criticism for the sake of criticism, for the sake of raising one's self-esteem, in order to present oneself better than others at the expense of criticizing others. So, both under the USSR, and after their seizure of the USSR, they proceeded and are proceeding with maniacal criticism of the Soviet power, socialism, the planned economy, collective farms. And what did they give their country and their people their BEST, or at least offered? Never mind .
    1. DED_peer_DED
      DED_peer_DED April 20 2021 13: 34
      -8
      Quote: tatra
      And what did they give their country and their people their BEST, or at least offered? Never mind .

      Well, you gave it, who would doubt it.
      To judge EVERYONE in an abstract way is, of course, very correct.
      There is constructive criticism, but there is

      I agree. But you are not criticizing anyone in these words? You are not one of them, are you?
      1. tatra
        tatra April 20 2021 13: 44
        +7
        Here is a good example of senseless criticism.
        1. DED_peer_DED
          DED_peer_DED 6 May 2021 22: 08
          0
          Quote: tatra
          Here is a clear example of senseless criticism.

          Flight from time immemorial on a "cropped" plane.
    2. nikvic46
      nikvic46 April 20 2021 13: 58
      -2
      Irina. Either resentment speaks in you for something. Either you do not know that period at all. Even those who are now 50 years old do not know much about Soviet power. They were born on the fragments of Soviet civilization. Yes, it was difficult, but there were many good. Of course, for a man who locked himself in his own sink, and did not want to know anything except food, clothes, it was difficult for him. For most, entertainment was secondary. They lived by different parameters. Now we listen to the same songs, watch the same movies, eat the same food. Is it now possible to read that apples from a certain region have less vitamins than let's say in the Volga region. I’m probably writing all this in vain.
  8. ccsr
    ccsr April 20 2021 12: 52
    -7
    Author:
    Alexander Zhukov
    You know, this is reminiscent of the development of Russia before 1914. Then uh how developed! Why exactly "uh"? But because a lot of money was exported to France - the owner of many industrial enterprises.

    Here the author is slightly disingenuous, or he simply did not study the reasons for exporting our currency abroad.
    First, in tsarist Russia, which has practically no restrictions on attracting any capital (everyone remembers about the bonds of tsarist times), there was one significant restriction. Whatever profit any owner received from the exploitation of the subjects of the Russian Empire, he was allowed to export only 1/8 of the net profit abroad, and everything else had to be spent in our country. This led to the fact that many foreigners specially received Russian citizenship in order to receive super-profits to build new enterprises, tenement houses, buy jewelry, etc., settling here for many years.
    Secondly, due to this restriction, large foreign owners placed orders for the Russian market at their factories in Europe, which is why part of the profits went to Germany and France, returning to us with new technologies and equipment.
    Of course, I do not build an idealistic picture of the prosperity of RI before the First World War, but it is also not worth arguing that the country was being mercilessly plundered - the tsar also had smart consultants, since he passed a decree restricting the export of profits abroad.
    This should be remembered by those who want to understand why our industry was growing at such a pace at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
    1. apro
      apro April 20 2021 13: 02
      0
      Quote: ccsr
      the king also had smart consultants,

      They advised the introduction of the gold ruble, which facilitated the flow of Russian capital abroad. Foreigners did not always export it. But the Russian nobility themselves invested heavily in the West on their own, buying luxury goods abroad.
      1. Andrey Korotkov
        Andrey Korotkov April 20 2021 13: 20
        0
        Quote: apro
        Quote: ccsr
        the king also had smart consultants,

        They advised the introduction of the gold ruble, which facilitated the flow of Russian capital abroad. Foreigners did not always export it. But the Russian nobility themselves invested heavily in the West on their own, buying luxury goods abroad.

        Witte's mistake seems to me in pegging the gold ruble to the paper pulp (banknotes), and the ruble should be backed by the country's gold reserves.
    2. Foul skeptic
      Foul skeptic April 20 2021 13: 39
      +4
      good afternoon
      Whatever profit any owner received from the exploitation of the subjects of the Russian Empire, he was allowed to export only 1/8 of the net profit abroad, and everything else had to be spent in our country.

      Can this be done in relation to concerns or syndicates? It's just that they all had the form of joint-stock companies, which means that their net profit is the dividend of the shareholders. Therefore, can you give any additional details about what kind of decree limiting the export of profits abroad is? I would like to figure it out.
      1. ccsr
        ccsr April 20 2021 22: 27
        +1
        Quote: Nefarious skeptic
        Therefore, can you give any additional details about what kind of decree limiting the export of profits abroad is? I would like to figure it out.

        I learned this back in Soviet times from people who seriously studied Russian history and themselves were higher propagandists than Shpakovsky. Now I do not have this information at hand to help you, but I think that if you are very interested in this, then with the current possibilities of the Internet, you can find it yourself. But this figure stuck in my memory, tk. somewhat changed the assessment of our past, and changed the idea of ​​the tsarist economy.
        1. Foul skeptic
          Foul skeptic April 21 2021 09: 37
          0
          Clear. Thank.
    3. tatra
      tatra April 20 2021 13: 48
      +4
      The outstanding Russian thinker, economist and publicist Sharapov said that after the introduction of the gold standard, foreign capital poured into us, and with such swiftness that in the shortest time Russia sold its ores and coal mines, gold mines and oil sources to foreigners.
      Sharapov considered Russia’s misfortune its enormous external debt, but perhaps he considered the transfer of productive forces into the ownership of “foreign investors” even more unfortunate.
      The brutal exploitation of Russia's national wealth by foreign capital began with a deliberate reduction in its economic potential.
      The system of gold monometallism devalued material values ​​and productive labor, and foreigners got the opportunity to buy cheap bread, real estate, land.
      To maintain the bill exchange rate, Russia was forced to constantly increase bread exports, receiving less and less money for it.
    4. place
      place April 20 2021 17: 59
      +4
      Quote: ccsr
      This should be remembered by those who want to understand why our industry was growing at such a pace at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.


      No matter how it then "from its knees" rose, and RI lagged behind in industry and from France and Germany and, naturally, from Britain. Rural residents made up over 85% of the population in 1913. A plow and a horse ... For example, the first ball bearings in Russia began to be produced at a joint Russian-Swedish enterprise only in 1916.
  9. Rostislav
    Rostislav April 20 2021 13: 12
    +8
    "If the stars are lit, then someone needs it."
    If the active withdrawal of currency from the country continues for many years ...
    And it is not necessary to say that it is impossible to correct the situation and there are no control methods. Remember Primakov's policy - GDP growth of 12% per year.
    As for the recruitment methods, the thoughts in the article are correct, just answer one question - why the general's son cannot become a marshal?
  10. Wizzzard
    Wizzzard April 20 2021 13: 37
    +3
    Well, one cannot but agree with most of the provisions of the article (in the part devoted to diagnostics). But it is more difficult with the proposed methods of treating the disease, because it is more difficult to agree with real therapy (or surgery). For in this part everything is too general, too blurry. It is inevitable, in my opinion, because not a single society, not a single country has yet succeeded in refuting the famous and sad principle of Peter. The author of the article writes: "For example, an official may more and more neglect his duties and promises, but more and more intensively grab, grab, grab. And he was not born a thief, and was not a bad leader or a thief in the leaders of primary care." Peter's principle is applicable to this case as well. In general terms, it reads: “In a hierarchical system, each individual tends to rise to the level of his incompetence". This is what we see everywhere, from the United States to Russia. I draw your attention to the key point: "] In hierarchical system. "So, the solution may be to create a non-hierarchical system. And there are such systems. For example, Switzerland (a small country, but very good for a decent life). Of course, to build a non-hierarchical system in the Russian Federation is a task, to put it mildly, But if we are analyzing, sorting out options, then it is necessary to consider this.
  11. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx April 20 2021 13: 48
    +8
    I got the impression that the main part of the article was ripped out. The introductory part cannot occupy half of the publication.
    All thoughts are correct, but not new. (+) for diligence.
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 April 20 2021 14: 36
      0
      Quote: ROSS 42
      I got the impression that the main part of the article was ripped out.

      I also got the impression that the author wanted to say something else.
      1. Svarog
        Svarog April 20 2021 14: 42
        +3
        Quote: Stas157
        Quote: ROSS 42
        I got the impression that the main part of the article was ripped out.

        I also got the impression that the author wanted to say something else.

        Now everyone has begun to write carefully ... it is necessary to read between the lines hi
  12. place
    place April 20 2021 14: 08
    0
    The Author's remark regarding Zhukov is very instructive. The flow of valuables exported from the West in the form of indemnities was gigantic. This is what made it possible for the USSR to rise quickly after the war.

    But judging by how they do not like to remember this in our country and how obsessively for more than half a century they hammer on the heads about "bread and butter - for the children of Berlin from the starving USSR" - this is not clean. In fact, the "Great Contribution" theme - described in Shirokorad's book (2015) - has been a taboo topic for many decades ...
    This leads to curious assumptions. Could it be that more "stuck" to the hands of the fathers-commanders than initially thought?
    And if this is true, then it is quite possible that such cases of theirs became known to Lavrentiy Beria, as well as to the special services of the West.

    Then it is possible to explain the coup d'etat, made by a couple of Zhukov and the leader of the "communist coming out" Khrushchev in 1953 and the reasons for the "crunchy thaw" - a sharp change in political and economic course in the mid-50s. For example, no one has convincingly explained to the people why it was necessary to renounce Marxism at the 20th Congress and persecute the "anti-party group", why urgently stop the implementation of the 6th Five-Year Plan? The country did not experience an economic crisis in the 50s; it came later, as a result of the "thaw".
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 April 21 2021 03: 08
      +3
      Quote: ort
      For example, no one has convincingly explained to the people why it was necessary to renounce the

      At a closed session of the XX Congress, Khrushchev condemned the personality cult of Stalin and mass terror. Why did Khrushchev, the main participant in this and Stalin's closest associate, do this? If we take into account the strange death of Stalin and make the assumption that Khrushchev's comrades had a hand in this, then everything falls into place. It was an excuse for the murder, compensation. Say, it happened with good and lofty goals.
      1. place
        place April 26 2021 14: 57
        0
        Quote: Stas157
        Stalin's strange death and the assumption that Khrushchev's comrades had a hand in this, then everything falls into place. It was a murder excuse, compensation


        The impression is that they read and do not see what is written ...... WHAT IS BECOMING? We'll have to repeat it again; Why was it necessary to change the political and economic course of the USSR at the same time? Why stop the implementation of the 6th five-year plan? The same "to justify something there"? WHAT EXACTLY?
        In my opinion, our compatriots in everything in life see only personal sympathies or antipathies or desires, and at such a kindergarten level
        try to explain any event in the history of the country. Type; "it was because this one didn't like it ..."
  13. Radikal
    Radikal April 20 2021 16: 43
    +6
    Quote: Civil
    Sneakers, on the way out

    We must respond to any criticism.

    Even the late Goebbels called those who unjustly criticize the state regime "critics and missmasters."
    Now they are called all-fenders and mourners.
    All these people, before criticizing the United Russia party and the Government, should ask themselves, why do you believe in the propaganda of the Western plutocracies? Is our army standing on the western borders for the sake of aggression? Moreover, there are lands that historically belonged to our great ancestors. Living space for our nation is not a whim, but a necessity. Isn't it a feat to give your life for your country, expanding its borders? Let us rally in one iron formation, shoulder to shoulder to defeat the Western plutocrats.

    History repeats itself twice, once as tragedy, once as farce

    A-ha! Apparently a portrait of Goebbels is hanging over your table, and a volume of quotes on the table? lol
  14. Radikal
    Radikal April 20 2021 16: 48
    +2
    Quote: 210ox
    Interesting article. About sycophants - it’s true, they will kill any normal idea for the sake of their own career. About techies ..... It's not bad that they, in addition to technical knowledge, also have economic knowledge.

    For this, other trained people should be, who will be deputies, or heads of a planned unit, for example. As it was in the USSR. sad
  15. Undecim
    Undecim April 20 2021 17: 17
    +4
    Quote: Civil
    Do not be so narrowly, everyone who does not like United Russia should either be silent or be deprived of their rights. Convert to semi-citizens, such as "untermines". Whatever one may say, only defective people can be dissatisfied with their state.

    You forgot about the concentration camps. For the most dissatisfied.
    Bangs, I suppose. do you comb to the left, wear a mustache with a brush?
  16. Basarev
    Basarev April 20 2021 17: 23
    0
    There is only one problem. The leaders purposefully built just such a system. And now these people are working very efficiently, extremely effectively to deplete the country, export goods and personal enrichment. And the development of the country is not included in the task.
    1. agond
      agond April 21 2021 10: 35
      +2
      Yes, the author should be given credit, the article is relevant, and for any time, even for the deep past, or for the present, unfortunately there are very few leaders who also think for their subordinates and lay straws in advance where they can fall in the future, the bulk of the bosses are concerned about one how would they themselves stay dry
      1. ivan2022
        ivan2022 April 26 2021 23: 24
        0
        Quote: agond
        the bulk of bosses are concerned about how they themselves can stay dry

        These are the traditions of the people, of the society from which the leaders are nominated. They have not yet been sent to us from the metropolis and have not been dropped with parachutes.
  17. mister-red
    mister-red April 23 2021 15: 06
    +1
    The gross domestic product (GDP) of Russia, in purchasing power parity, from 2011 to 2020 changed from 4 to 3,3 trillion dollars,

    Maybe vice versa from 3,3 to 4
    GDP PPP of Russia
    2011 - 3,4 trillion USD
    2020 - 4 trillion USD