Military Review

Moscow's countermeasures have derailed NATO's anti-submarine defense concept in the Black Sea theater of operations. On the eve of the big pick

36

As shown by a cursory review of the outbreak of the operational-strategic, military-political and diplomatic confrontation between the Russian Federation and the member states of the North Atlantic Alliance, the “mirror” countermeasures announced by the Russian Foreign Ministry and Moscow hastily implemented “mirror” countermeasures in response to the next US “sanctions package” that came into force became a matter of deep concern not only for the State Department, the current administration of the 46th US President Joe Biden and the Pentagon.


Representatives of the defense departments of key Western European states - allies of Washington, integrated into the structure of the NATO Joint Command and using their naval forces as the primary instrument of military-political pressure in various operational areas of the European theater of military operations - were seriously alarmed.

It is precisely this conclusion that can be reached after evaluating the statements of representatives of the US State Department, as well as the foreign ministries of Western European states, regarding the response measures developed by the Russian side.

Indeed, the mirror expulsion of 10 employees of the American diplomatic corps from Russia, the introduction of significant administrative and technical restrictions on the interaction of the representatives of the State Department who have retained their posts with the citizens of our state, as well as the termination of the activities of American foundations and non-governmental organizations found in an attempt to influence the internal political circuit of the Russian Federation (in the light of voiced by the Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergei Ryabkov, Moscow's readiness to protect the Russian-speaking population of the "square" and the formation of the most powerful mixed military groupings in the Baltic and Azov-Black Sea operational directions), finally dispelled stereotypes of the military-political "toothlessness" in the Western European and American establishment.

Moscow's imposition of restrictions on the movement of foreign warships in some parts of our exclusive economic zone will allow the Black Sea Fleet to fend off the anti-submarine potential of NATO's Naval Forces


The most piquant step of Moscow in the observed operational-strategic dive was the introduction of a ban on the movement (operation) of foreign warships and merchant ships in vast sectors of the Black Sea water area adjacent to the territorial sea of ​​Russia in the regions of the Republic of Crimea and Krasnodar Territory, as well as on the Kerch strait (with the provision of transit through the Kerch-Yenikalsky canal only to merchant ships bound for the ports of Rostov-on-Don, Taganrog, Mariupol and Berdyansk).

Despite the fact that the introduced restriction does not formally have anything to do with Moscow's response "sanctions package" (not included in the list of its items) and is argued by the conduct of comprehensive and large-scale naval exercises in the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation, the indirect relationship between the data events are more than obvious.

And we are not talking here about the traditional "muscle flexing" in front of the Pentagon and the command of the NATO Joint Navy.

And about the full-fledged operation of the Black Sea fleet The Russian Navy and the Coast Guard of the Border Guard Service of the FSB of Russia to partially "stop" the deployment of the anti-submarine component of the NATO Allied Naval Forces in the alleged areas of combat duty with improved low-noise diesel-electric submarines, project 636.3 "Varshavyanka".

In particular, having an acoustic noise level of the order of 35-40 dB in the "sneaking" mode, submarines of this class can boast of the ability to hide their location from the most advanced and widespread in the US Navy directional passive radio acoustic buoys (RSB) AN / SSQ-53D / E ( are an integral component of the sighting and search systems of anti-submarine aircraft P-8A "Poseidon") even within the near zone of acoustic illumination (convergence), which is about 5 km.

This ability of Project 636.3 submarines was once again confirmed by the crew of the Rostov-on-Don diesel-electric submarine during the inter-fleet passage from Kronstadt to the Eastern Mediterranean, when several long-range US Navy P-8A anti-submarine aircraft were simultaneously raised to monitor the underwater space for presence “Varshavyanka” that suddenly switched to underwater mode with the use of gas analyzers, magnetic anomaly sensors and sonar buoys.

All attempts to track the acoustic noise of the ultra-low-noise "Rostov-on-Don" were in vain. And this despite the fact that the hydrological situation at the moment was acceptable.

Consequently, the flights of Poseidons along the Black Sea coast of the Republic of Crimea do not guarantee the US Navy and NATO Naval Forces commands to receive comprehensive information on the location of all 6 diesel-electric submarines pr. 636.3 of the 4th separate submarine brigade of the Black Sea Fleet before the likely implementation of the escalation scenario in the region.

A much wider range of information on the probable location of our submarines could be provided by the powerful in-hull sonar stations AN / SQS-53C, which are part of the architecture of the AN / SQQ-89 (V) sonar systems of 15 Arleigh Burke-class destroyers and are many times more highly sensitive ( rather than RSL hydrophones) phased acoustic arrays based on several hundred highly sensitive hydrophones.

The range of direction finding of the Varshavyanka noises in the "sneaking" mode by means of the above-mentioned GAS can be about 15 km under normal hydrological conditions.

Meanwhile, to the great happiness, the command of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy and the BOKHR played ahead of the curve.

And they blocked access to critical sectors of our exclusive economic zone, automatically excluding the possibility of deploying URO destroyers "Arleigh Burke" at a distance of effective functioning of the AN / SQS-53C sonar stations.
Author:
36 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock April 20 2021 05: 13
    +3
    What nonsense.
    If earlier in the verbiage of this author it was possible, after some effort, to reveal at least some thought, sometimes even quite sensible, today it is just a fountain of senseless delirium.
    1. Swordserg
      Swordserg April 20 2021 05: 23
      +20
      And more specifically, you can? And it turns out verbiage about verbiage.
      1. Asad
        Asad April 20 2021 06: 25
        +8
        It's really hard to read this author.
      2. Undecim
        Undecim April 20 2021 06: 56
        +36
        And more specifically, you can? And it turns out verbiage about verbiage.

        It is possible and more specific.
        For a start, the author's torrent.
        The most piquant step of Moscow in the observed operational-strategic dive was the introduction of a ban on the movement (operation) of foreign warships and merchant ships in vast sectors of the Black Sea water area adjacent to the territorial sea of ​​Russia in the regions of the Republic of Crimea and Krasnodar Territory, as well as on the Kerch strait
        ...
        And we are not talking here about the traditional "muscle flexing" in front of the Pentagon and the command of the NATO Joint Navy.

        And about the full-fledged operation of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy and the Coast Guard of the Border Guard Service of the FSB of Russia to partially "stop" the deployment of the anti-submarine component of the NATO Allied Naval Forces in the supposed areas of combat duty with improved low-noise diesel-electric submarines, project 636.3 Varshavyanka

        Translated into Russian literary language, this means that NATO will not be able to deploy anti-submarine defense in areas of combat duty of submarines of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, thanks to the closure of "vast sectors of the Black Sea."
        And now we look at these "sectors" on the map of the Black Sea with the indication of the depths (marked in pink).

        The question is, what is the relationship between these "vast sectors" and submarine alert areas, and why would NATO deploy a "component" there? To track the passage of submarines through the Kerch Strait to the Sea of ​​Azov? Or are submarines on duty in the Karkintinsky Gulf? And how do these "sectors" prevent NATO from deploying the "Black Sea" component?
        1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
          Andrei from Chelyabinsk April 20 2021 07: 09
          +34
          Quote: Undecim
          The question is, what is the relationship between these "vast sectors" and submarine alert areas?

          Absolutely the same as Damantsev - to military analytics hi
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 20 2021 09: 56
            +14
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            absolutely the same as Damantsev - to military analytics

            Why????? why is the damantsevsky empty always in the section Analytics? This nonsensical set of letters might be good for treating PTSD, but what does the analyst have to do with it?
            1. Toucan
              Toucan April 21 2021 01: 09
              +7
              Why????? Why is the Damantsevsky empty site always in the Analytics section? This nonsensical set of letters may be good for treating PTSD, but what does the analyst have to do with it?

              In this case, it is also a story, as with our television. In spite of the rampant chernukha and complete absurdity, there are those who consume nightingale droppings and jelly-tv. The general decline in education, the intellectual and cultural level of the population, was reflected in the HE. What led to such a phenomenon as "Damantsevism". The site certainly does not paint it. No. It is a pity that the VO administration puts attendance above its own reputation.
              1. Sirocco
                Sirocco April 25 2021 02: 46
                +2
                I would like to correct you on the account of TV litter, TV litter is yesterday, this is for pensioners and even then not always, but the Internet garbage dump with other social networks is a modern garbage pit to which TV is like cancer before China, and VO as an example, take at least audience and notes of the beginning of the creation of VO, and today, this is heaven and earth, although at the very beginning there were also the makings of a cesspool with its permanent inhabitants and inviolable. So Brainwashing Television is yesterday. The direct danger is the Internet.
          2. Artyom Karagodin
            Artyom Karagodin April 20 2021 10: 23
            +10
            It’s just interesting: he says that the hydroacoustics of our Varshavyanka didn’t find it (and this may well turn out to be true), but he is silent about the fact that there are many other ways to search for submarines. Not about low-frequency illumination, nor about searching by wake or heat trail, nor about electromagnetic anomalies on the surface. Not to mention the fact that at the moment when "Varshavyanka" is charging the batteries, it will not be detected unless whiskers are whipped with buckets on the ship or anti-submarine aircraft, and even under Manson at full volume.

            Something like this is described by our "peremogs" on the "Star". They stopped all the unpleasant and ambiguous - and at the exit "in one fell swoop with seven beats." The only question remains: if everything is as good as publicists like Damantsev describe, why does the epic in Syria (and in the Donbass as well) never end? And in general, how has the White House still not announced the dissolution of NATO and the United States because of the fear of Russia?
            1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
              Andrei from Chelyabinsk April 20 2021 10: 28
              +13
              Quote: Artyom Karagodin
              It’s just interesting: he says that the hydroacoustics of our Varshavyanka didn’t find it (and this may well turn out to be true), but that there are many other ways to search for submarines is silent

              Yes, but it is quite possible, despite all the methods, including "non-tradition", "Varshavyanka" they still lost. Yet all these methods do not guarantee the detection of a submarine operated by an experienced commander and crew.
              1. Artyom Karagodin
                Artyom Karagodin April 20 2021 10: 33
                +8
                I agree, but if you read Damantsev, you involuntarily pay attention to gaps in relation to everything that is not hydroacoustics. But, most likely, the point is not that we were found, but that the goal is to issue a "patriotic" publication, and not an objective one. Why bother with detailed analysis? In the names of the technique I put up all the letters and numbers - and that's how it comes out scientifically. And the quality? People gobble up. The same show business, only in a different guise.
                1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
                  Andrei from Chelyabinsk April 20 2021 12: 20
                  +11
                  Quote: Artyom Karagodin
                  The same show business, only in a different guise.

                  So Damantsev :))))))
        2. 210ox
          210ox April 20 2021 08: 36
          +4
          Yes, with these closed areas and, consider 90% of the territory of the Black Sea for NATO members, I don't want to walk. This is for Damantsev's article. In fact, the sea area is under steel surveillance from all sides.
        3. Swordserg
          Swordserg April 20 2021 12: 51
          0
          Thanks for clarifying. I agree with you.
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins April 20 2021 06: 31
      +15
      I agree with you. This is a deliciously spiced up with uninformative numbers and names (for the common reader) article, in which diplomats, ships and everything that popped up in the news feeds were numbered. But, truth be told, with rich cheers - patriotic sauce.
    3. Professor
      Professor April 20 2021 06: 33
      +6
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      What nonsense.

      Selected. good
      1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 20 2021 10: 09
        +6
        Quote: Professor
        Quote: Jacket in stock
        What nonsense.

        Selected. good

        Norm, norm ...
  2. Thrifty
    Thrifty April 20 2021 05: 33
    +3
    The fleet needs to be quickly built on the Black Sea, and a military flotilla should be recreated on the Sea of ​​Azov, otherwise, until reinforcements come from the Crimea, it will be possible to drown half of the Russian merchant fleet in the Sea of ​​Azov or hijack in the same Mariupol. And, you need to build ships with a shallow draft, such as armored boats from the last war. And then the FSB fleet located in Taganrog, due to the sharp shallowing of the sea, is not able to leave the place of boating, since the sediment of the patrolmen is higher than the water level.
  3. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 20 2021 06: 24
    +3
    AN / SSQ-53D / E ... AN / SQS-53C ... AN / SQQ-89 (V) 15 ...
    I learned so much that my head was spinning. It is also good that the abbreviations GAS and BOHR are understandable without decoding. I understood the main thing - it's good that they introduced restrictions on the movement of foreign ships, which caused confusion among the Americans.
    1. 210ox
      210ox April 20 2021 08: 22
      +9
      But I don't understand how the restrictions were introduced and where? They can safely enter the Black Sea, stay there according to the convention. And moreover, to approach the same shores of the Crimea about twenty miles. Last summer and autumn, a link of dryers regularly took off in Vityazevo. Apparently they were going to intercept. Is that in this way. But we must not forget that the enemy also has people trained and armed with very effective weapons.
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. smaug78
    smaug78 April 20 2021 10: 45
    +4
    Again a senseless and merciless fan of the abbreviations Damantsev laughing
  6. TatarinSSSR
    TatarinSSSR April 20 2021 11: 03
    +13
    Dear editors, please make a rating for article authors. Well, it is impossible to understand your logic of publishing this character - Damantsev! Who is he, who gave him the right to write forecasts from the position of a know-it-all theorist - articles one by one, and with an ambition that does not leave the right to a different opinion. Moreover, he is not at all interested in the opinion of readers on his writings. It turns out he writes not for them, but for himself and you. And therefore he does not care what to write. This author scribbles a frank achenea and is constantly published. Or is anti-rating also important, like "House-2"?
  7. Peaceful SEO
    Peaceful SEO April 20 2021 12: 01
    +15
    What did you send to Damantsev? A person tries, earns money for himself and the site. To yourself for thousands of meaningless characters of the text without spaces. The site for the number of views and visitor engagement.
    I am sure that Damantsev and the editors are very closely following our reaction. Under each article by Eugene, a bunch of comments appear with criticism of the author, which means that visitors a) read the article or scroll through it to the end, b) see ads (in fact, for which everything was started)
    1. kytx
      kytx April 21 2021 07: 49
      +3
      I don't see ads (the blocker cuts)
      But I look through the author's articles on a diagonal to laugh cleanly.
      If I were Damantsev, I would issue a "reference" article, so that there were only abbreviations, technical indices and cool little-known terms. Well, for a bunch of words of verbs, add the type: implemented, provided, installed, etc.
      and of course, so that A2 / HELL was required - nowhere without it.
      Damantsev reminds me of a dude from the movie "Bullet", there was such a character who lived with his parents, practically did not leave his room, raved about the war, considered himself a member of an elite special forces group and was constantly going on a business trip but did not tell anyone where exactly because it was a military secret.
  8. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 20 2021 12: 20
    +3
    Does anyone know something! The Black Sea has a two-layer average occurrence of water with hydrogen sulfide 100m, in some places it can be even higher. The PL can use this layer for camouflage by diving into it. Pure sea water and the same water with hydrogen sulfide should differ in wave conductivity. What kind of waves. looking for a sub, I don't know!
    1. Holgerton
      Holgerton April 21 2021 15: 20
      0
      From the point of view of radio engineering (I cannot say for hydroacoustics), only low-frequency sounding can be effectively used.
      The lower the frequency, the longer the wavelength and the better the penetration of the sounding signal in the medium (water column).
      But there is also a drawback, the longer the wavelength, the lower the resolution, and the dimensions of the equipment also increase.
      Therefore, they set the optimal operating modes for each depth range, and then basically everything in the software part, work with various kinds of filtering, adjust the sensitivity, etc.
  9. depressant
    depressant April 20 2021 12: 49
    0
    Quote from the article:

    the termination of the activities of American foundations and non-governmental organizations caught in an attempt to influence the internal political circuit of the Russian Federation


    My God!...
    For more than two years I have been at VO, and for exactly the same amount of time I have been repeating: "Yes, you finally cover these damn funds! Abruptly and immediately!" Voice in the wilderness. And now, in some article in Zen, they explain to me: but it was impossible earlier, it is dangerous! Now we have saved up some strength, now it is possible. Oh really? Therefore, they are poorly enumerated because they did not close the trading floors for the sale of the country in time. And now you have to spend not strength - strength.
  10. Pavel57
    Pavel57 April 20 2021 13: 52
    +1
    Quote: ASAD
    It's really hard to read this author.

    But fun.
  11. xorek
    xorek April 20 2021 18: 37
    -5
    Meanwhile, to the great happiness, the command of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy and the BOKHR played ahead of the curve.

    Well done, of course, but still not tough enough .. The NATO members will get stupid and they are stupid in the World Cup .. They want to provoke us ..!
    The junta needs to be pressured and tough, there are no military levers .. To screech all over the world! How long can you babysit?
  12. Podvodnik
    Podvodnik April 20 2021 23: 46
    +1
    The range of direction finding of the Varshavyanka noises in the "sneaking" mode by means of the above-mentioned GAS can be about 15 km under normal hydrological conditions.


    And this is with regards to the "in-body" GAK? And even in the noise direction finding mode? There is no chance to hear Varshavyanka from the surface watermen. On one of the "beasts" we worked out mutual ranges with Varshavyanka. The navigator reported that we were at the point (it should have been below us), and the acoustician: "the horizon is clear."
  13. Basarev
    Basarev April 21 2021 10: 41
    +1
    All Varshavyankas, ancient diesels. When will a completely new boat replace it? Varshavyanka women are not eternal. In addition, I am worried that only diesels can covertly get up. The nuclear submarine is still roaring cows.
  14. Evil 55
    Evil 55 April 21 2021 15: 40
    +1
    A set of phrases that do not correspond to technical data, but show the attitude of the author of the article to the created reality.
  15. litus
    litus April 22 2021 13: 11
    0
    in my opinion, all the Varshavyanka women have finally settled in Tartus with a temporary registration :-)
  16. rozman
    rozman April 25 2021 00: 15
    0
    How the dueling situation was resolved, I still do not understand
  17. Vladimir podryatov
    Vladimir podryatov 8 May 2021 21: 55
    0
    I thought there was a discussion here, it turned out to be the usual chatter of two verbiage, mutually in love with each other. And where is our fleet to you?
  18. zimzinov
    zimzinov 21 May 2021 17: 45
    0
    Well, we are good fellows. Do not let goats into the garden figs.