Military Review

ZALA Aero unveils new hybrid reconnaissance drone

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The new aerodrome-based reconnaissance drone was developed by ZALA AERO, a member of the Kalashnikov Group of Companies. The UAV was presented during the ZALA EXPO exhibition in Moscow.


The presented drone under the designation ZALA 421-16E5G is designed for reconnaissance flights at distances exceeding 100 km. The equipment installed on the UAV allows recording and transmitting high quality images. The drone is equipped with an HD thermal imager and a 60x FullHD video camera. The installed on-board computer with AI elements provides video navigation, object recognition, full radio silence, recording of all communication channels and online decryption.

The aircraft-type drone is equipped with a hybrid power plant, in which the internal combustion engine feeds the starting generator and the battery, which ensure the operation of an electric motor with a pusher propeller, which led to a quiet flight. One battery charge lasts for 1 hour. The declared time spent in the air is up to 12 hours.

The drone shown, although announced as possible for use in the Russian army, is most likely more suitable for use in the civilian sphere. Despite its characteristics, it is too expensive, and the army needs cheaper and mass-produced drones capable of performing reconnaissance functions and the loss of which will not be so noticeable. At the same time, many companies working in the north of the country will gladly purchase such a drone for monitoring, for example, pipelines, etc.
Photos used:
https://kalashnikovgroup.ru/
40 comments
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  1. pyagomail.ru
    pyagomail.ru April 15 2021 15: 07
    +1
    ICE-generator-battery-electric motor - why such complexity for a civilian drone?
    1. Barberry25
      Barberry25 April 15 2021 15: 13
      +2
      well, apparently, according to calculations, it flies longer .. earlier than the model from the Hall, they flew for 4 hours
      1. pyagomail.ru
        pyagomail.ru April 15 2021 15: 17
        +1
        Quote: Barberry25
        well, apparently, according to calculations, it flies longer .. earlier than the model from the Hall, they flew for 4 hours

        In fact, the ICE-propeller chain is shorter and, therefore, the overall efficiency is higher, and due to the weight of the generator-battery-electric motor, the fuel supply can be increased.
        1. Barberry25
          Barberry25 April 15 2021 15: 18
          +4
          as indicated, apparently it takes longer .. a la we start on the internal combustion engine, then we muffle and fly to the battery, when it is discharged, the internal combustion engine turns on and the cycle repeats ..
        2. VO3A
          VO3A April 15 2021 16: 44
          -9
          and the army needs cheaper and more massive drones capable of performing reconnaissance functions and the loss of which will not be so noticeable.

          Where do such conclusions come from? The author voices his conjectures and assumptions. To begin with, the Russian Armed Forces have no concept of using not only UAVs, but also the concept of an information space. What UAVs are needed and what no one knows for, they rush from one extreme to another.
          This stems from the lack of a network-centric concept of modern combat operations, as such, and the absence of any such systems in particular ... The used and widely advertised ACCS are a useless dummy for automating headquarters decision-making and communicating decisions ...
          1. venik
            venik April 15 2021 19: 55
            +1
            Quote: VO3A
            The author voices his conjectures and assumptions. To begin with, the Russian Armed Forces have no concept of using not only UAVs, but also the concept of an information space.

            ========
            Where do such conclusions come from? Did the General Staff complain to you in your ear, or are you sitting on the couch voicing your conjectures?
            1. VO3A
              VO3A April 15 2021 21: 12
              -7
              They do not know how to covertly monitor the situation in real time using UAVs constantly 24 hours a day, and not only with UAVs alone! Based on the results of this monitoring, they are not able to provide target designation and illumination in real time without direct contact of the scouts with the enemy! They do not know how to destroy targets and control this destruction in real time! There are no systems, no structures, no staffed specialized units trained to perform such functions on a daily basis! There is no such thing in Syria, it was not in Libya, it was not in Karabakh, it is not in the LPNR and on all our borders ... Only as part of research to demonstrate the possibility of a separate team for a short time in a small area and ... that's all ...
            2. poquello
              poquello April 15 2021 22: 13
              +2
              Quote: venik
              Quote: VO3A
              The author voices his conjectures and assumptions. To begin with, the Russian Armed Forces have no concept of using not only UAVs, but also the concept of an information space.

              ========
              Where do such conclusions come from? Did the General Staff complain to you in your ear, or are you sitting on the couch voicing your conjectures?

              spring, spring
              1. venik
                venik April 16 2021 08: 50
                +1
                Quote: poquello
                spring, spring

                ========
                "Seasonal exacerbations" begin .... drinks
                1. VO3A
                  VO3A April 16 2021 12: 40
                  -1
                  Profanation all-season for some ... Some empty comments ...
                  1. poquello
                    poquello April 16 2021 22: 46
                    0
                    Quote: VO3A
                    Profanation all-season for some ... Some empty comments ...

                    so it is difficult to answer your comments, let alone explain anything
                    Quote: VO3A
                    was not in Libya, was not in Karabakh

                    there was no, there was no - there were simply no our aircraft in the database
                    1. VO3A
                      VO3A April 17 2021 00: 18
                      0
                      Do you even understand what this is about? To be and to see are two different things! Though you understand that! ... And in Syria? If you have a hard time thinking, you can choose where there is an air force and there was a base ... But the helicopter in Armenia was blocked, it flew blindly, and our base is there to sit? You have the same cave-like views as in the General Staff of Russia ...
    2. Hagen
      Hagen April 15 2021 15: 14
      +3
      Quote: pyagomail.ru
      Why such complexity for a civilian drone?

      There are too many different EE consumers (cameras, stabilization and exposure control systems, etc.) on board. Obviously, an occasionally switched on silent flight mode is provided.
      1. loki565
        loki565 April 15 2021 16: 04
        -1
        Silent mode is, of course, in quotes, if he could turn off the engine and schedule then yes. And so the main noise wakes up to emit the propeller and you can't get away from it like in a regular copter.
        1. Hagen
          Hagen April 15 2021 18: 38
          +1
          Quote: loki565
          And so the main noise wakes up to make a screw

          Do you have specific data? I read that a quadcopter with 4 propellers on takeoff gives approx. 60 dB. In an airplane flight, a quarter of the takeoff power is required. So estimate the noise level, taking into account the flight altitude of 300-450 meters. If we also take into account the noise level of the natural background "in nature", then it is not at all a fact that the drone will stand out strongly on electromotion.
    3. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik April 15 2021 15: 32
      -6
      Quote: pyagomail.ru
      ICE-generator-battery-electric motor - why such complexity for a civilian drone?

      To increase the flight time. The internal combustion engine works to generate electricity, in the most efficient cycles for this and, accordingly, with the maximum efficiency. The generator and batteries are already there, there are many consumers. The efficiency of the electric motor is ± 0,9. In total, the overall efficiency of the internal combustion engine-electric motor is higher than that of the internal combustion engine-propeller. A question of price and availability of appropriate technologies.
      We must understand that this product has a minimum of domestic components, so it is civilian.
      1. Genry
        Genry April 15 2021 15: 49
        0
        ICE gives vibration. For high-quality pictures, you just need to "hold your breath" for the entire duration of filming.
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 15 2021 15: 50
          -5
          Quote: Genry
          ICE gives vibration.

          Not a problem. There are stabilizers for this.
          1. Genry
            Genry April 15 2021 15: 51
            +1
            Quote: OgnennyiKotik
            Not a problem. There are stabilizers for this.

            Suppression ratio?
      2. Sergey Aleksandrovich
        Sergey Aleksandrovich April 15 2021 16: 09
        0
        Ignorance of the real efficiency and their overestimation and let down the lively creators of the Yo-mobile, at one time. And you, it seems, have not learned anything for yourself from that time and from that project.
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 15 2021 16: 29
          -4
          E-mobile is pure PR. Nobody was going to release him. Fuel consumption of hybrid cars is 2-3 times less than analogs with a clean internal combustion engine. Electric and hybrid vehicles account for up to 10% of the new car sales market.
          But the purchase price of a hybrid is more expensive and not everyone has the appropriate technology for their production.
          1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
            Sergey Aleksandrovich April 15 2021 16: 52
            0
            This is not just PR, it is also a blatant technical illiteracy, which is confirmed.
      3. Avior
        Avior April 15 2021 16: 22
        +1
        Specifically for this, the internal combustion engine is turned off when it is above the target
        https://zala-aero.com/news/predstavlen-pervyy-otechestvennyy-bespilotnyy-letatelnyy-kompleks-s-gibridnoy-silovoy-ustanovkoy---z/
      4. Hagen
        Hagen April 15 2021 18: 30
        0
        Quote: OgnennyiKotik
        We must understand that this product has a minimum of domestic components, so it is civilian.

        Have you studied the pattern or "didn't see but you know"? There is not a word about this in the article, there is more about the cost of the device ...
  2. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 April 15 2021 15: 21
    +2
    With mass-scale production, the cost of production falls - this is if the element base of its production.
  3. Emil Azeri
    Emil Azeri April 15 2021 15: 24
    .
    And buy better from us the İTİ Qovan offered for export) The same reconnaissance, the dimensions are even smaller than this UAV, with an excellent camera, only if necessary, it can dive at the enemy's manpower, destroying a fragmentation warhead. Let's make a discount tongue
    1. poquello
      poquello April 15 2021 15: 41
      +6
      Quote: Emil Azeri
      And buy better from us offered for export İTİ Qovan

      and when postman Biden forbids you to serve them, what can you do with them?
  4. Thrifty
    Thrifty April 15 2021 15: 27
    0
    I see, a whole family, and a quadcopter, and with rotary propellers, all also with a combined power plant?
  5. Basarev
    Basarev April 15 2021 15: 32
    -6
    A vile approach is to save on the army. If you put cheapness at the forefront, deliberately sacrificing combat effectiveness, then you can lose to someone who does not save. And you can still lag behind, I still remember Crimean and Tsushima.
  6. Avior
    Avior April 15 2021 15: 35
    0
    ... The aircraft-type drone is equipped with a hybrid power plant, in which the internal combustion engine feeds the starting generator and the battery, which ensure the operation of an electric motor with a pusher propeller, which led to a quiet flight.

    Mysterious construction.
    In fact, the idea is to turn off the internal combustion engine when working on the goal in order to reduce noise and move on batteries and an electric motor.
    A controversial idea, in fact, you need to carry with you not one engine, but a three-engine, an electric motor and a generator plus batteries and fuel
    1. loki565
      loki565 April 15 2021 16: 08
      0
      Given that there is more noise from the propeller than from the internal combustion engine, the question of noiselessness remains open)))
    2. Evgeny64
      Evgeny64 April 16 2021 06: 09
      -2
      And the fact that the electric motor is at the same time a generator did not occur to anyone? :-) Well, like in the navy ;-)
      1. Avior
        Avior April 16 2021 07: 57
        +1
        It's not just in the navy, all electric cars are reversible and can work as a generator and as a motor.
        But the peculiarities of work and optimal technical solutions in these modes lead to the fact that in practice they are often used separately. Typical example - generator and starter on a car - two separate devices
        hi
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent April 16 2021 13: 10
          -1
          Quote: Avior
          all electrical machines are reversible and can operate as a generator and as a motor.

          Uh-huh ... Make the generator work 3-phase induction motor with short circuit rotor yes
          1. Avior
            Avior April 16 2021 13: 43
            0
            With capacitor braking, it is in the generator mode that it works http://electricalschool.info/main/drugoe/191-kondensatornoe-tormozhenie.html
            There is no problem with ensuring the operation of a three-phase motor with a short-circuit rotor as a generator.
            If an asynchronous motor disconnected from the network is brought into rotation from any prime mover, then, in accordance with the principle of reversibility of electric machines, when the synchronous speed is reached, a certain EMF is formed at the terminals of the stator winding under the influence of the residual magnetic field. If now the capacitor bank C is connected to the terminals of the stator winding, then the leading capacitive current will flow in the stator windings, which in this case is magnetizing.

            This is a standard wiring diagram

            http://electro-shema.ru/energetika/asinxronnyj-elektrodvigatel-v-kachestve-generatora.html
            Another thing is that this mode is rarely used for the reasons that I indicated above.
            hi
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent April 16 2021 15: 39
              0
              Quote: Avior
              There is no problem with ensuring the operation of a three-phase motor with a short-circuit rotor as a generator.

              There is only one problem - negligible efficiency, the only reason , according to which the IM with a short-circuit rotor has never been used, is not used, and will not be used (IMPORTANT !) as a reversible electric machine.
              1. Avior
                Avior April 16 2021 16: 43
                0
                Uh-huh ... Make the generator work 3-phase induction motor with short circuit rotor

                Well, I made you, then what? Do you have new ideas?
                There is only one problem - negligible efficiency, the only reason why the AM with a short-circuit rotor has never been used, is not used, and will not be used (IMPORTANT!) As a reversible electric machine.

                Undertake to argue about what you have a vague idea.
                Obviously, you do not know what efficiency is at the same time and why engines are rarely used as generators and vice versa - although all machines are reversible, achieving optimal performance makes a difference in the design features of generators - and this applies to all electrical machines, and not only asynchronous with short circuit rotor
                From the very beginning I wrote to you
                But the peculiarities of work and optimal technical solutions in these modes lead to the fact that in practice they are often used separately.


                An asynchronous generator with a short-circuit rotor is used, as a rule, in stand-alone power sources, for example, in stand-alone gasoline-electric generators, welding generators, and so on.
            2. poquello
              poquello April 16 2021 22: 53
              0
              Quote: Avior
              at the terminals of the stator winding under the influence of the residual magnetic field, some EMF is formed.

              )))))))))))))))))))))) that's cool
              1. Insurgent
                Insurgent April 17 2021 07: 02
                -1
                Quote: poquello
                ))))))))))))))))))))))) that's cool

                This is heresy...
  7. iouris
    iouris April 15 2021 20: 54
    -4
    Lethal weapons must be environmentally friendly!