Military Review

"Only the best of the best can take the course." On the system of selection and training of special forces "Delta"

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Over the past several decades, Delta Special Forces has been viewed by analysts and military experts as one of the most efficient and elite in the world. It was created as the American counterpart of the famous Special Air Service (SAS) of Great Britain. That is, its main tasks are the fight against terrorist groups and the release of hostages.


However, over the decades of its existence, the "Delta" fighters managed to take part in almost all the conflicts waged by the American army. Afghanistan, Grenada, Iraq, Somalia, Panama - this is not a complete list of countries in which Delta participated in certain operations. The American edition of We Are The Might makes Delta one of the 10 most trained special forces in the world.

It is clear that the Delta-level special forces have always had an extremely high level of training and, accordingly, the selection of candidates for personnel. At the same time, as Stavros Atlamazoglu writes, almost anyone can take part in the selection. But not everyone can pass the entrance tests, so mostly already trained people come to Delta Force.

In my day, there were usually around 60% green berets, 39% rangers, and 1% random guys like cooks, chaplains and mechanics.

- says former Delta serviceman George Hand IV.

In recent years, more and more people come to Delta Force from other units, such as the Marine Corps or Air Force Special Forces. "Only the best of the best can take the course." On the system of selection and training of special forces "Delta"

The selection events take place in the mountains of West Virginia and last about a month. They are divided into three stages. At the first stage, Delta Force candidates get acquainted with the training course, undergo basic physical training, administrative tests, and navigation instruction. At the same stage, individual marches are conducted under the guidance of instructors, during which the latter assess the level of endurance and general physical fitness of candidates for the American special forces.

The next stage involves living in the field with the formulation of tasks to search for certain areas on the ground. SWAT candidates work with a compass and a map. This is how their ability to navigate the terrain is tested. You have to travel very long distances, up to 18 miles a day, to find the set points.

The Long Walk is the final selection event for Delta candidates. During the march, they must cover 40 miles. Those who manage to overcome this distance are assessed by the Delta commander and his assistants in terms of individual training.



After the selection, a six-month training course begins, during which future special forces are trained in hand-to-hand combat, reconnaissance, and parachute jumping. Those of the candidates who did not pass the final test return to their units with certificates of completion of the advanced course in ground navigation.

As veterans of the unit note, usually 90% of candidates are eliminated during the test. Sometimes it happens that only two or three of the best of the best take a course.

The total number of "Delta", according to open sources, is only 1000 people. The structure of the special unit is as follows: the operational headquarters department, administrative department, three special forces companies, personnel, combat training, special communications, financial, medical service, transport department, and a separate helicopter squadron.

Despite the fact that at least two films have been made about Delta - Delta Squad and Delta Squad 2, the unit remains highly classified. The American authorities refuse to disclose almost any details about the service in this unit, including the selection system and the level of training. Meanwhile, it is the "Delta" that is credited with such special operations as the capture of Saddam Hussein and the destruction of Osama bin Laden.
Author:
Photos used:
US Army Institute Of Heraldry, United States Central Command
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 April 14 2021 15: 49
    +2
    "Only the best of the best can take the training course": the system of selection and training of the Delta special forces is described
    Come on, and who is not as equipped, preparing special units?
    There is, of course, the question of price, but this is not the final argument in favor of the best \ not the best!
    1. yehat2
      yehat2 April 14 2021 17: 10
      -2
      Delta's and SAS's training is very different from ours.
      They have a much more serious bias towards logistics and infiltration, even sabotage.
      Our main focus is on direct combat training.
      And the results of the work are different. We have an epic assault on Amin's palace, they have murders, coups, etc.
      Operations of rescue, retaliation and protection are carried out in our country much more often.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 14 2021 17: 41
        0
        The specifics of the preparation, from the range of tasks performed ... this is normal.
      2. 3danimal
        3danimal April 15 2021 00: 31
        +4
        An epic assault at a time when we were considered allies. Until recently, Amin did not believe that they were Russians.
        Paul special forces (more specifically, Navy SEALS): there were stories with their snipers - the same Chris Kyle with a shot at 1900m in .338 caliber, or a story with the capture of a gas carrier by pirates, when targets in a boat were hit from ships hundreds of meters away (sea waves and so on).
        The preparation of the cats is very difficult, the screening rate is large.
        So to argue in the spirit - they have saboteurs, we have liberators - a mistake. It is simply a tool that is used depending on the task at hand.
        1. Glory1974
          Glory1974 April 15 2021 11: 18
          +3
          to reason in the spirit - they have saboteurs, we have liberators - a mistake.

          not a mistake. These are completely different special forces. Anti-terrorist - burst in with noise and crash, kill the terrorist and rescue the hostage.
          Sabotage special forces - sneak into enemy territory, quietly kill and silently leave.
          Correspondingly different tasks, different equipment, different training, different selection. Absolutely different special forces.
          1. 3danimal
            3danimal April 15 2021 15: 32
            0
            Is the GRU special forces anti-terrorist? smile
            It differs somewhat in the direction of that of the FSB.
            1. Glory1974
              Glory1974 April 16 2021 10: 17
              0
              Is the GRU special forces anti-terrorist?

              Where did I write this? fool
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal April 16 2021 14: 25
                -1
                I mean that there are different special forces. Let's say SWAT or French GIGN - about hostages, SEALS or GRU special forces - about war. Although, in the story with the gas carrier, cat snipers worked just like counter-terror.
          2. Shiva83483
            Shiva83483 April 16 2021 10: 59
            +1
            I fully support ... at one time we had a rule - quietly gathered, quietly came ... quietly, shit (here is another word), quietly left ... in a word, we needlessly become famous, all this is nonsense ...
  2. Vasilenko Vladimir
    Vasilenko Vladimir April 14 2021 15: 57
    -10%
    However, over the decades of its existence, the "Delta" fighters managed to take part in almost all the conflicts waged by the American army. Afghanistan, Grenada, Iraq, Somalia, Panama - this is not a complete list of countries in which Delta participated in certain operations. The American edition of We Are The Might makes Delta one of the 10 most trained special forces in the world
    especially about Somalia I liked where they were liquid
    yes and grenada where they shook off the Cuban BUILDERS
    6 commandos were killed in the air. 22 wounded. The Deltaites escaped only because they called in the air force. It was the attack of attack aircraft and helicopters that allowed the remaining fighters to leave the runway.
    the most publicized unit and the most unlucky of the special forces
    1. Simon schempp
      Simon schempp April 14 2021 16: 25
      -1
      the most publicized unit and the most unlucky of the special forces

      And which is the luckiest one?
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 April 14 2021 16: 32
        +9
        Which sits in the barracks, at home.
      2. bk0010
        bk0010 April 14 2021 23: 40
        +1
        Quote: Simon Schempp
        And which is the luckiest one?
        Not delta for sure: https://topwar.ru/31321-specnaz-ne-znayuschiy-pobed-amerikanskie-delta-fors.html
    2. Andrey Korotkov
      Andrey Korotkov April 14 2021 16: 30
      +3
      The issue of the competence of the command of the assigned task, not the reassessment of the enemy for the special group negative , I don't think Delta fighters will screw up with proper planning of the operation
      1. No name B
        No name B April 14 2021 18: 54
        +1
        Duc Delta screwed up many times both in Iraq and in Africa, even with Osama it is not a fact that they were not taken out, or he is sunbathing somewhere shaved on the beach ...
        1. Andrey Korotkov
          Andrey Korotkov April 14 2021 19: 14
          +1
          Quote: No name B
          Duc Delta screwed up many times both in Iraq and in Africa, even with Osama it is not a fact that they were not taken out, or he is sunbathing somewhere shaved on the beach ...

          All special services have mistakes yes , well, with Osama, you got excited, I saw the film Target number one myself - he was definitely banged laughing joke if that.
        2. DLord
          DLord April 14 2021 19: 49
          +4
          Osama was hit by seals, not by Delta
    3. 3danimal
      3danimal April 15 2021 00: 36
      +3
      especially about Somalia I liked where they were liquid

      In Somalia, ours would have stuck in the same way, having suffered losses. The reason - errors in the planning of the operation and insufficient air cover.
      IMHO, with the constant presence of a pair of AC-130 in the air, losses would be minimal, even at the cost of 1000-2000 residents armed with militants. They would quickly learn to be afraid of roofs, open areas and gather in dense groups.
  3. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 14 2021 16: 12
    -5
    An interesting tendency in Delta, after completing the task, later part of the group may die "crossing the road in the wrong place", I'm talking about those who eliminated Osama.
    1. Glory1974
      Glory1974 April 15 2021 11: 15
      -1
      Interesting trend

      If my memory serves me, our FSB officers, who killed Aslan Maskhadov, also crashed with the whole group in a helicopter.
      So not only "deltas" are peculiar.
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 April 15 2021 11: 21
        0
        Not vkurse, your approval.
  4. Semak
    Semak April 14 2021 16: 17
    +3
    nuuuiii ... and what to say (tell, show) what they wanted what ?
    1. Konstantin Gogolev
      Konstantin Gogolev April 14 2021 16: 51
      +2
      The fact that they know how to work with a compass is a great privilege.
      1. Cananecat
        Cananecat April 15 2021 10: 52
        0
        This gives a substantial salary increase))))
  5. carstorm 11
    carstorm 11 April 14 2021 16: 35
    +3
    Bin Laden seems to have been destroyed by the cats ...
    1. tralflot1832
      tralflot1832 April 14 2021 16: 44
      +1
      As if Osamka were destroyed, the Delta has the most insane operation in Iran to "rescue its hostages."
    2. Andrey Korotkov
      Andrey Korotkov April 14 2021 16: 45
      +4
      Quote: carstorm 11
      Bin Laden seems to have been destroyed by the cats ...
      yes
      Special group DEVGRU - subordination of the US Navy. Operation Spear of Neptune.
  6. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 14 2021 16: 38
    -3
    And the show with the "release" of the hostages at the US Embassy in Iran was not Delta arranged by chance?
    1. SovAr238A
      SovAr238A April 14 2021 23: 05
      0
      Quote: tralflot1832
      And the show with the "release" of the hostages at the US Embassy in Iran was not Delta arranged by chance?


      The show was first staged by the CIA schnicks who brought Delta onto the road.
      Then the fireworks were organized by the ILC helicopter pilots, highly specialized pilots of helicopter minesweepers who never flew at night in principle.
      Then the Marines gave up.
      Delta just stood on the sidelines and was stunned by the enchanting storytellers with questions: "What have you done here, demons?"
      :)
      Delta simply had no chance of completing the operation.
      They couldn't even leave for a couple of kilometers.
      All third-party (not Delta) participants in the operation from the CIA, the US Marine Corps - they all started acting right away so that the Delta Commander gave the command to evacuate.
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 April 14 2021 23: 15
        -3
        If my memory is not lost, starting the operation in line of sight from the motorway is the height of idiocy, and the pilot let him down, like chopping at a tanker with his blades, at the same helicopter. When we were on good terms, the US special forces did not rise above 3 places. and 1 places are shared by Russia and Kazakhstan.
      2. Dizel200
        Dizel200 April 15 2021 00: 50
        0
        Even so? Why are they being taught logistics and other necessary things there? And then they were confused and stupidly stood on the sidelines? It is interesting to cook them))))
        1. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A April 15 2021 09: 51
          0
          Quote: Dizel200
          Even so? Why are they being taught logistics and other necessary things there? And then they were confused and stupidly stood on the sidelines? It is interesting to cook them))))


          Their planes (Hercules) and their pilots were perfectly drilled and there were no complaints about them - they did everything perfectly.
          But the naval helicopter pilots - they cut it to the fullest.
          If the planning of the operation was entrusted not to the CIA, but to Delta, then I am sure that everything was different.
  7. Undecim
    Undecim April 14 2021 16: 40
    +3
    It would seem that everything - the level of publications on the site has reached the bottom, there is nowhere to fall further. But a new day comes and the site's team of authors successfully proves that there is where.
    1. Andrey Korotkov
      Andrey Korotkov April 14 2021 16: 53
      +4
      Quote: Undecim
      It would seem that everything - the level of publications on the site has reached the bottom, there is nowhere to fall further. But a new day comes and the site's team of authors successfully proves that there is where.

      Spring summer cottage garden, give us the opportunity to supplement the articles ourselves laughing
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 14 2021 16: 56
        +2
        So they would immediately give a link to Wikipedia, why copy-paste it to the site.
        1. Andrey Korotkov
          Andrey Korotkov April 14 2021 17: 06
          +3
          Quote: Undecim
          So they would immediately give a link to Wikipedia, why copy-paste it to the site.

          And to feed the family? yes
    2. SovAr238A
      SovAr238A April 15 2021 09: 52
      +1
      Quote: Undecim
      It would seem that everything - the level of website publications has reached the bottom, there is nowhere to fall further.


      In 2008, when the "stock" fell to the "bottom".
      And there were people who believed that "stocks at the bottom" - will only grow and accordingly bought them.
      Only then it turned out: "The second bottom is a gift!"
  8. Niko
    Niko April 14 2021 16: 51
    -1
    Normal article. It is clear that you can find fault with the pillar. But for example, a series about the special forces of the world would look quite tolerable, even if briefly like this. And if our specialists (about whom no one says that they are worse) could with them somewhere it would be interesting and useful for the world to look at each other not through the scope but covering each other.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Holuay T.O
    Holuay T.O April 14 2021 17: 15
    +8
    Correct the author
    Delta is not only special forces, it is a whole special service, as part of the MTR, they and the DEVGRU detachment from the Seals work autonomously - that is, they carry out fully operational work, infiltrate, recruit, use elements of psychological warfare, conduct strategic reconnaissance.
    Each employee of the Delta is totally classified, they are called not fighters, but operatives, they are forbidden to cut their hair short so as not to arouse suspicion of involvement in the military.
    They perform assault operations extremely rarely, for storming they are always assigned a unit from the 75 Ranger regiment, the main task of Delta operatives is operational work.
    And when they are selected for a detachment, they no longer use the methods of special forces - there is no need, ready-made special forces from the 75 Ranger regiment come to them, the basis of their training is operational work and intelligence.
    Yes, and bin Laden was not liquidated by Delta, but by DEVGRU, they found him, they also liquidated
    Delta assassinated ISIS leader in Syria with specially trained German Shepherd
    1. DLord
      DLord April 14 2021 19: 51
      +6
      Your comment is much more informative than this entire article!
  11. Prisoner
    Prisoner April 14 2021 17: 46
    +3
    what A direct ode to the "special forces who know no victories", in addition to Hollywood films. Only reality from the same reality. Operation "Eagle Claw" 1980, Iran - a complete failure with humps and losses of equipment. 1983, Grenada, "Rapid Fury", laughter, tears and complete non-professionalism. 1989, Colombia - a failure (Escobar was taken by the locals, and the vaunted US Special Forces once again went to bed). Yes, what can I say! Magodisho, Panama, what is not an operation, then the laughter of competitors and tears of relatives. I suspect that the special forces of various countries are studying the rich experience of the "Delta" in order to know how NOT to act.
    1. DLord
      DLord April 14 2021 19: 52
      +7
      Don't underestimate them. Unsuccessful operations simply become known. No one will disclose successful operations in the next 50 years.
  12. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh April 15 2021 00: 14
    +7
    In Israel, special forces of this level are recruited differently.
    IQ is checked first.
    Then psychology: balance, the ability to work in a group.
    And only then - physical data, running, shooting, etc.

    All the failures of the special forces were not due to the fact that someone
    did not shoot well or ran slowly, but due to the fact that
    poorly thought out the operations.
    1. 3danimal
      3danimal April 15 2021 01: 18
      -1
      But what about "the more oaks in the army .."? smile
    2. Glory1974
      Glory1974 April 15 2021 11: 20
      +1
      In Israel, special forces of this level are recruited differently.
      IQ is checked first.
      Then psychology: balance, the ability to work in a group.
      And only then - physical data, running, shooting, etc.

      This is also the case in Russia. It all depends on the purpose of the spetsnaz: in sabotage, this is exactly how they recruit, in the first place the head.
  13. riwas
    riwas April 15 2021 04: 36
    0
    The Delta Group (800-1000 men) is the most elite ground anti-terrorist unit of the MTR and consists of three operational units (squadrons): A, B and C, each of which consists of four groups of sixteen people. The groups are specialized in use: parachute, light diving, mountain and infantry.
    1. Glory1974
      Glory1974 April 15 2021 11: 13
      0
      The Delta Group (800-1000 people) is the most elite ground anti-terrorist unit of the MTR

      anti-terrorist units release hostages. What "Delta" does not do from the word at all.
      This is a purely sabotage unit designed to work on enemy territory.
  14. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 15 2021 11: 38
    -1
    If I know where the North Star is in the Northern Hemisphere, then I have already completed the Delta Navigation course? Thanks to the geographer who taught the Astronomy lesson at the Soviet School!
  15. Barberry25
    Barberry25 April 16 2021 22: 20
    0
    the best .. better or worse .. then in fact you need to send a detachment to a detachment and then send and watch someone else .. we also don't get into the special forces from the street .. from a word at all .. candidates to the same 45th regiment sometimes after 5 years of study at the special faculty fall, and then only after a recommendation ..
  16. VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK April 17 2021 15: 52
    0
    The most infamous special forces in the world!
  17. Holuay T.O
    Holuay T.O April 17 2021 21: 52
    +1
    I will correct here arguing about the functions of Anti-Terror and Sabotage
    Both the Delta from the Land MTR and the Seals from the MTR Navy have units both sabotage and anti-terrorist.For example, the role of the Antiteror in Seals is performed by detachment DEVGRU, which does not cancel and, according to the situation, perform the functions of saboteurs! The DEVGRU squad has a huge size, more than the nine remaining Seal squads.This only underlines the fact that a lot of money goes from DEVGRU to perform operational and intelligence functions (deployment, recruitment, bribery, elements of psychological warfare, etc.) ...
    Delta is an analogue of DEVGRU only with its own specifics, they can storm, and engage in anti-terror, and commit sabotage, but only this they rarely do because they are mainly focused on Strategic, Operational intelligence, for assault operations on Anti-Terror and Sabotage they usually the units of the 75th Ranger regiment attached to them, since they have a long history of joint operations, Delta values ​​their operatives, since they are usually already over 40 years old, they are usually former special forces from the same 75th Ranger regiment. Delta operatives are fluent in the languages ​​of a potential enemy, they are trained conducting intelligence activities in all its directions. Delta also has a huge budget ...
  18. Holuay T.O
    Holuay T.O April 18 2021 10: 11
    +1
    Here you also need to understand the specifics of the application of both DEVGRU and Delta. DEVGRU is a naval intelligence service and operates as part of the MTR of the US Navy, and the fleet does not have a similar unit as the ground MTR of the 75 Ranger Regiment, the Marine Corps has something similar, but the ILC has its MTR ... and even though there is a joint headquarters for all MTR but in strength as well as their bureaucracy and this is the time for approval, but the most important thing is information leakage during the agreement, so often the DEVGRU detachment often performs Assault operations on its own, which is not very good, because the operatives can light up in this case