Military Review

April 12 - sixty years later

35

The National Space Center will be built in the form of a triangular tower



On April 12, 1961, Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin became the first in stories a person who made an orbital flyby of our planet.

On April 12, 2021, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Urban Development Policy and Construction Andrei Bochkarev announced the start of construction work on the construction of the tower part of the complex of buildings of the National Space Center (NCC):

At the construction site of the National Space Center, the construction of the main monolithic structures of the high-rise part has begun - 442 tons of reinforcement have already been installed and more than 1,2 thousand cubic meters of concrete have been laid in the main structure of the foundation slab.

The tower part is planned to be 47 storeys high (over 288 meters with a spire). Earlier, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin called this project the future largest center of the space industry in the world. It must be the largest in terms of construction volumes.

It is symbolic here, in our opinion, not only the coincidence of the calendar date of the "start" of projects in the space industry so different in meaning and content, but also the fact that the NCC is being erected on a part of the territory of the former Rocket and Space Plant named after Khrunichev. It is planned to build an industrial and public complex (technoparks, business centers) on the remaining share of the site. At the same time, some of the freed up land will go to the developers from the renovation program.

Of the 150 hectares (approximately) of the territory of the former plant, 10 hectares will be occupied by the National Space Center itself, and about 50 hectares will be left for existing buildings / structures. It is not at all difficult to calculate the area allocated for "other development" - it is about nine times more than the area allocated for the NCC itself.

The fact is that the enterprise that previously occupied these 150 hectares (the Khrunichev Center), it turns out, has accumulated considerable debts. So, for example, the Center. Khrunicheva owes Vnesheconombank almost 9,5 billion rubles.

It is planned that the optimized enterprise, having vacated the areas it currently occupies, will move to part of the premises of the NCC being built now. The proceeds from the sale of land and premises will be used to pay those debts.

The first deputy general director of Roscosmos for economics and finance Maxim Ovchinnikov hopes that these funds will eventually be enough to pay off debts:

We expect that as a result of moving to the center, we will pay off all our debts. We also expect that the government will provide assistance in the region of 14 billion rubles to eliminate the deficit in operating activities.

But everything will not end with Khrunichev alone.

According to the same Maxim Ovchinnikov, the areas under construction at the NCC will be sold to various enterprises of Roscosmos from Moscow and the region, which will buy them and move to the NCC. The money for this purchase and for the relocation of the Roscosmos enterprise will be taken from the sale of lands and premises they occupy today. In other words, on a small part of the territory of the former "Khrunichev" several Moscow and regional enterprises of "Roskosmos" will have to fit at once. And the lands that they occupied before will be sold.

The logic of what is happening so far looks as follows: the less land our enterprises have in the space industry, the easier it will be for them to strive for the stars.
Author:
Photos used:
https://www.mos.ru/news/item/63980073/
35 comments
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  1. Svarog
    Svarog April 16 2021 18: 16
    +20
    It is planned that the optimized enterprise

    The money for this purchase and for the relocation of the Roscosmos enterprise will be taken from the sale of lands and premises they occupy today. In other words, on a small part of the territory of the former "Khrunichev" several Moscow and regional enterprises of "Roskosmos" will have to fit at once. And the lands that they occupied before will be sold.

    So the optimizers have made it to space ..
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik April 16 2021 18: 17
      +19
      The fact that the space of the current government is not interesting is already obvious. Budgets are cut, real projects are replaced by propagandistic ones. Large scientific and industrial complexes are simply not needed, there is no work for them. Military programs and the most necessary civilian programs remain. We need 1-2 launch vehicles, production of several types of satellites, that's all.
      Who wants something else, as they say: "your expectations are your problems" (c)
      1. 210ox
        210ox April 16 2021 21: 00
        +13
        I look at all this ... What hypocrites! Maybe in the Soviet Union, not everything worked out in space, but what is happening now is some kind of dance on the bones ..
      2. Vadim237
        Vadim237 April 16 2021 22: 23
        -14%
        "Budgets are being cut, real projects are being replaced by propagandistic ones." Roscosmos will not cut the budget. Angara is flying into serial production Soyuz 5 launched this summer will be assembled for flight tests satellite constellation Sphere approved the ship Eagle will begin to assemble this year Amur LNG approved preliminary design is in progress Vostochny cosmodrome construction of the second stage continues Luna 25 station is undergoing final tests for the ROSS space station it is planned to use Science module OKA T module and central nodal module Berth - Well, where is the replacement of real projects with propaganda ones?
        1. Fan-fan
          Fan-fan April 16 2021 22: 57
          +14
          Angara flies
          Where is she flying to? Billions of dollars and a quarter of a century of development have been spent on the rocket; in the six years of its existence, the rocket has only two launches and both are test launches.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 17 2021 14: 34
            -2
            In general, 130 billion - and Angara was primarily created for the military this year, two or three launches are to take place. ... Considering that this rocket is modular, the first stage can be replaced with reusable ones in the future.
        2. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 16 2021 23: 02
          +8
          Roscosmos complained about budget sequestration

          https://ria.ru/20200929/roskosmos-1577943840.html

          Of all the indicated projects, Amur LNG is adequate. Only he is at the level of an idea. Everything else is either "funny pictures" or actual developments for the 90s and 00s. Each of the projects has been analyzed more than once. I don’t want to repeat it.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 17 2021 14: 36
            -4
            These are actual developments for us - and about the pictures, it's all nonsense that everything is listed in the hardware or at the assembly stage.
    2. Ryaruav
      Ryaruav April 16 2021 19: 56
      +5
      svarog, yes they shoveled everything there for a long time, from there the holes in the apparatus
    3. prior
      prior April 17 2021 07: 50
      +3
      The Yeltsin Center was built in Yekaterinburg, but does it make it easier for Yeltsin? recourse
      The National Space Center will be built on the site of production workshops, but will Russian space benefit from this? request
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. WHAT IS
    WHAT IS April 16 2021 18: 25
    +10
    On April 12, 1961, Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin became the first person in history to make an orbital flyby of our planet.

    On April 12, 2021, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Urban Development Policy and Construction Andrey Bochkarev announced the start of construction work on the construction of the tower part of the building complex of the National Space Center (NCC)
    It is symbolic ... Achievements are equivalent, mln ...
    The logic of what is happening so far looks as follows: the less land our space industry enterprises have, the easier it will be for them to strive for the stars.
    Indeed, now we will definitely fly to Mars)))
  4. Van 16
    Van 16 April 16 2021 18: 25
    +13
    The land will be sold, the money will be given back. As a result, no land, no money, no factories.
    "No Shilov, no Brylov, no gold" (c)
    1. Cosm22
      Cosm22 April 16 2021 19: 22
      +16
      When I wrote a few months ago that the TsiKh sells areas and hastily sells its land in order to somehow get out of debt, I was mercilessly minus here. Now, I see, the adequacy of people has increased.
      However, even today there is enough of another portion of noodles in the media.
      Who will receive about 100 hectares of expensive land is easy to guess. Not all shopping and entertainment centers have been built yet. Not all super-hypermarkets and similar establishments.
      1. Van 16
        Van 16 April 16 2021 19: 47
        +17
        There are enough noodles. Here, 21 will be another session of positive psychotherapy, where they will popularly explain how wrong we, our refrigerators, our wallets, and how wonderful everything is ..
      2. Vadim237
        Vadim237 April 16 2021 22: 31
        -11%
        ... "Not all shopping and entertainment centers have been built yet." They will definitely not be built there, they are no longer profitable. Most likely, there will be residential quarters there and a technopark "On the site of the Khrunichev Center, a high-rise National Space Center will be built. The money for the construction will be allocated by the Moscow government; in return, Roscosmos will transfer the territory of a number of Moscow enterprises of the state corporation to the city - in particular, the same Khrunichev Center . "National Space Center" should start working in 2022. The building of the skyscraper will move about 20 thousand employees of various enterprises of the state corporation from Moscow and the region. " All the same, the production of Angara rockets has moved to Omsk, and the Production of Protons M will be completely phased out in 2024. The manufacturers of the Angara promise to make the rocket cheaper than the Proton M when producing 7 rockets per year.
        1. IS-80_RVGK2
          IS-80_RVGK2 April 16 2021 23: 19
          +14
          Quote: Vadim237
          They will definitely not be built there, they are no longer profitable. Most likely, residential quarters will be built there.

          This radically changes the matter. High-end housing quarters are another matter entirely. They are much more useful for the country and the space industry in particular. So we will win! Well, Rogozin's songs will also save the national cosmonautics. Where without them.
          1. bk0010
            bk0010 April 17 2021 01: 51
            +5
            Quote: IS-80_RVGK2
            High-end housing quarters are another matter entirely.
            So after all, for the sake of them, ZiH was ruined.
          2. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 17 2021 14: 55
            -1
            I would cut the current space industry in half and introduce private offices interested in astronautics, since 180000 people even for 50 rocket launches a year is a lot, in fact we have a large clumsy machine that constantly slips and drowns in bureaucracy.
            1. IS-80_RVGK2
              IS-80_RVGK2 April 17 2021 16: 01
              +2
              Quote: Vadim237
              I would cut the current space industry in half and introduce private offices interested in astronautics, since 180000 people even for 50 rocket launches a year is a lot, in fact we have a large clumsy machine that constantly slips and drowns in bureaucracy.

              The fact that the space industry needs modernization is understandable. After all, for 30 years of continuous breakthroughs and jerks without swinging on the Soviet backlog. It's time and honor to know. I'm wondering, what suggestions do you have regarding those 90000 people whom you are going to throw out in the cold? Or such trifles of an effective Atlanta are not interested?
        2. Cosm22
          Cosm22 April 16 2021 23: 51
          +11
          Um ...
          So they promise?
          Are these promises, for an hour, not from a series of promises about creating 25 million high-tech jobs? Or from promises to catch up with Portugal and Spain in terms of GDP?
          Not tired of throwing propaganda slogans?
          How will the Angara be cheaper? In new areas?
          Will the dry weight of the media decrease? Not a single gram, I dare assure you.
          Will the product go into large-scale production? Is this 7 unfortunate things a year? Large batch? Don't make people laugh.
          Conductors, rigging, technological innovations do not play any role in one-off production. The Angara price will not change, even if it will be produced in dozens a year.
          Or will the price of the RD-191 decrease? With what fright? Russian engines are among the most expensive in the world. And a big series will not shine for them either.
          The cost of the Hangar can only increase. And nothing else. Especially if a miracle happens, and we will still be honored to give birth to a hydrogen gas.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 17 2021 14: 43
            -4
            These promises, in an hour, are not from a series of promises about the creation of 25 million high-tech jobs - they can be created, but the problem is that there are no 25 million highly professional unemployed in Russia, and there will simply be no one to work there.
            Not tired of throwing propaganda slogans? Aren't you tired of all squeamish dick sucked out of your finger to write?
            "How will the Angara be cheaper? On new areas" Probably due to new materials and production technologies.
            ... "Especially if a miracle happens, and we will be honored to give birth to a hydrogen generator." The hydrogen-oxygen upper stage will be upgraded by RD 191. - Nothing is possible.
            1. IS-80_RVGK2
              IS-80_RVGK2 April 17 2021 16: 09
              +5
              Quote: Vadim237
              the problem in Russia there are no 25 million highly professional unemployed

              Here is the sorrow of trouble is it true? And if they worked for food it would be great. But there are none. Under the screams of an ineffective scoop, the generation of Soviet engineers who worked for food practically died out, and with the new generation, supporters of correct capitalism are somehow not very busy. And specialists do not particularly go to the country of peripheral capitalism, which is slowly dying out. Even the janitors guest workers don't go too much, even Sobyanin himself is in sorrow.
  5. Hypertension
    Hypertension April 16 2021 18: 26
    +14
    The other day Rogozin was visiting Urgant. He was joking and told me how he rode helicopters and motorcycles. Sur some ...
  6. sagitovich
    sagitovich April 16 2021 18: 41
    +8
    The National Space Center sounds great, but it would be built somewhere in Novosibirsk
    1. Avior
      Avior April 16 2021 18: 50
      +5
      Would people move from Moscow to Novosibirsk?
      1. Ryaruav
        Ryaruav April 16 2021 19: 59
        +4
        similar to the zhukovsky academy in voronezh
      2. bk0010
        bk0010 April 17 2021 01: 53
        +3
        Well, after all, they thought that the specialists from ZiKh would rush to Omsk, there to make Angara.
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 16 2021 22: 34
      -2
      Experts in general live in Moscow and the region. You propose to relocate them to Novosibirsk - I doubt very much that they will agree to this.
  7. Azis
    Azis April 16 2021 18: 50
    +5
    I hope the cost of the construction of the NCC will be lower than the debt of the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center, otherwise it will become completely sad ...
  8. rocket757
    rocket757 April 16 2021 18: 54
    +6
    Well, sho say ..... pi pi pi ....!
  9. t-12
    t-12 April 16 2021 19: 05
    +5
    Renovation card

    1. t-12
      t-12 April 16 2021 19: 12
      +3
      In general, a beautiful office building is not bad. But such an enterprise needs huge production and laboratory facilities. It is highly desirable to have an airfield, test site, etc. And a residential town is needed - so that workers do not wander from the Moscow suburbs to the center.
  10. seacap
    seacap April 17 2021 15: 48
    +3
    That's right, there is nowhere else in the vastness of our (I already doubt) immense, how else the cosmodrome was not dragged with them. Yes, and the investments must be appropriate from half the budget, so that there is enough for everyone and it would not be a shame to show the "partners" on TV, the main thing is the image. With "not effective advice" despised by the nobility, but for some reason very effective results, the old premises and staff suited everyone, but the bloated staff of "effective managers" did not build, the design and engineering school, launches, rockets, satellites and cosmonauts are secondary, nothing , image and swagger are everything. The "boyars" got confused a little, nothing can be done, what they taught, and they got it, but they confused the direction of activity, that in the end it is not PR and not a "picture" that is needed here, but real results and efficiency, expressed in physical, material achievements, and not virtual wishlist. Shame and humiliation in social networks with their extremely stupid and envious posts, in the absence of real results of the same level, without even realizing that this is humiliation of the country. In general, the entire personnel policy is already causing more bewilderment and questions, whose interests, of which country, ensure our boyar class, what kind of business it is for our (in my opinion, there are no) "effective managers" consisting in the destruction of the achievements of the people and leading positions in science, engineering design school. We are still waiting for the results of work in a related industry, where the same thieving "effective manager of furniture production" is actively taking steps to reform (destroy) the aircraft industry, as the hated legacy of Stalinism and socialism.
  11. Iskazi
    Iskazi April 17 2021 20: 49
    +5
    until the inscription of the USSR on Gagarin's helmet is restored - nothing will work ...,
  12. andybuts
    andybuts April 28 2021 17: 09
    0
    cosmonautics day that we deserve!
    forgive us, Yura, we are all ...