Military Review

Go! Interesting facts about the first manned flight into space

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Go! Interesting facts about the first manned flight into space

In our country today there are two big uniting people, regardless of their views and political preferences, events - this is the Victory in the Great Patriotic War and the first manned flight into space. Moreover, the name of the first cosmonaut in stories The lands are known today not only in Russia, but also in the world. Yuri Gagarin today is one of the brightest historical characters associated with our country.


At the same time, the merits of Soviet cosmonautics in the world are highly recognized. In April 2011, at a special meeting of the UN General Assembly, countries adopted a resolution that officially proclaimed April 12 as the International Day of Human Space Flight. More than 60 states of the world have become co-authors of this resolution.

Thus, the Cosmonautics Day holiday, which was previously celebrated in the USSR and then in Russia, received international status and recognition.

TASS has prepared three different versions of the message about the flight of Yuri Gagarin


The USSR soberly assessed the risks associated with the first manned flight into space. Yuri Gagarin accomplished a real feat on April 12, 1961. And the point is not only that no man had ever flown into space before him, but that this flight could be his first and last. At the same time, problems could arise even at the final stage of flight during deceleration and entry of the descent vehicle into the Earth's atmosphere.


Yuri Gagarin, photo from Roscosmos, www.roscosmos.ru

The Soviet Union was not going to hide information about the flight of the first man into space, regardless of the outcome of the flight. Just in case, TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) prepared three versions of the message at once.

The first is solemn in case of a successful flight. The second - in case the spacecraft with the cosmonaut lands in a different area and not on the territory of the USSR. This message was supposed to warn the countries that an astronaut could land on their territory and he would need help. The third message prepared by TASS was tragic, in case of Gagarin's death.

Fortunately for Yuri Gagarin and for all of us, the first flight into space was completed successfully. On April 12, 1961, the inhabitants of the Earth heard the solemn address of TASS, which marked a new stage in the space era of mankind.

How the famous phrase "Let's go!"


The phrase "Let's go!" became truly winged, it was pronounced by the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin during the launch on April 12, 1961. The capacious phrase very quickly turned into a real symbol that personified a new, space era in the history of all mankind.

There are several versions of where exactly this phrase came from, but all these versions are united by test pilot Mark Gallay, who was a methodologist and instructor of the first detachment of Soviet cosmonauts. During takeoff, Mark Gallay instead of the statutory phrase "Crew, take off!" often said exactly "Let's go!", the same phrase began exercises on simulators imitating a spaceship. Perhaps this is what prompted Gagarin to utter the phrase that eventually became famous.


Test pilot Mark Lazarevich Gallay

In his memoirs, the test pilot wrote that he felt for the phrase "Crew, take off!" a very real dislike. It developed in him after Gallay once heard this phrase from a pilot who flew in light aircraft. The phrase was intended for a "crew" of one person.

At the same time, the writer Oleg Divov, who was personally acquainted with Mark Gallai, adhered to a slightly different version of events. According to him, the phrase was from the test pilot's favorite anecdote: “Let's go! - said the parrot when the cat dragged him out of the cage by the tail. When Mark Gallay uttered this phrase in training at the cosmonaut training center, the cosmonauts understood what he meant. At the same time, Gagarin liked both the phrase and the humor of the instructor.

At the end of 2020, Roscosmos even decided to patent Gagarin's famous phrase “Let's go!”. It was necessary for the state corporation to protect the phrase with a patent and prevent unfair competition. In "Roskosmos" hopes in this way to protect the well-known phrase from those entrepreneurs who "are alien to the legal field and historical memory."

Gagarin's flight was in autopilot mode


The first manned flight into space presented many challenges and difficulties. Scientists and researchers simply did not know how the human body would react and endure extreme overloads. The question arose as to whether the cosmonaut's psyche would be able to withstand the flight conditions, whether he would be able to remain sane and maintain efficiency in zero gravity conditions.


In order to minimize all possible risks, it was decided to conduct the flight in a fully automatic mode. Yuri Gagarin could take control only in the event of a failure of the ship's automatic systems, but for this he had to enter a special digital code.

Some doctors feared that during the flight, the astronaut, who found himself in a stressful situation that not a single person on Earth faced, would lose control of himself and would want to take control, switching to manual mode without any need for this. To be on the safe side, the secret code was placed in a special sealed envelope next to the cosmonaut's seat. Psychologists rightly believed that only a person of sound mind could open the envelope to extract the code.

The USSR hid that Gagarin landed by parachute


The peculiarities of the Vostok spacecraft, on which Yuri Gagarin flew into space, did not imply a soft landing. Such a system was necessary for the safe landing of the device, but at that time it was not on the Soviet ship. In the USSR, such a technology had not yet been created at that time, and without it, the astronaut could simply die with a sharp impact on the ground.

To solve this problem, a scheme was invented with ejection from the descent vehicle 10 minutes before landing and landing of the astronaut by parachute. Yuri Gagarin did just that. At an altitude of 7 kilometers, guided by a flight plan, Gagarin ejected and continued his descent by parachute separately from the apparatus.


The descent vehicle of the Vostok spacecraft at the RSC Energia museum

At the same time, the first cosmonaut could have landed in the cold Volga, but good preflight training of the first cosmonaut helped here. Controlling the lines, Yuri Gagarin managed to take the parachute away from the surface of the river, landing in a field about 1,5-2 kilometers from the river bank.

For a long time, the USSR hid the very fact of the astronaut landing on a parachute separately from the spacecraft. The point was that to fix the record in accordance with the applicable rules of the International aviation Federation at the time of landing, the cosmonauts had to be inside the descent capsule. To ensure that the results of the first flight were not discredited, the USSR hid the details of the first cosmonaut's landing from their Western colleagues for many years.

Problems with the Vostok ship began already at the start


The flight of Yuri Gagarin into space was accompanied by various emergency situations and malfunctions on board, which, if the situation developed unfavorably, could lead to a tragedy. At one time, the TASS agency told about 10 such emergency situations on board the Vostok-1 ship. All of them only emphasized how heroic and difficult this flight was both for Gagarin himself and for the designers, primarily Sergei Korolev, who is worried about the life of an astronaut.

The first of the emergency situations arose just before the start on April 12, 1961. When Yuri Gagarin was already in his seat inside the Vostok cockpit, it turned out that the hatch with a sealing cover had closed, but one of the three “hatch closed” contacts did not work and did not close.


Vostok rocket replica, VDNKh, Moscow

This contact was very important for the flight. Due to the correct actuation of the contact during descent, after the hatch cover had been shot off, the timer for the ejection of the astronaut from the descent vehicle should have been activated. At the direction of Sergei Korolyov, the hatch had to be opened, the contact was corrected, after which it was closed again.

At the same time, they did not want to postpone the launch because of such an unplanned trifle. In the USSR, there were already rumors among informed people that the Americans were planning the first launch of a man into space in the coming weeks. Therefore, the contact was corrected as quickly as possible. The team of engineers, working at the speed of the best Formula 1 mechanics, unscrewed more than 30 nuts, lifted the sealing hatch and adjusted the contact, after which the hatch was closed again.

The astronaut naturally realized when the hatch reopened that something had gone wrong. Later, Gagarin said that Sergei Korolev explained to him that one contact for some reason does not press, but everything will be fine. According to legend, all the time while the specialists were correcting the situation with the hatch, Yuri Gagarin was whistling the tune of the song "Motherland hears, Motherland knows" and outwardly was absolutely calm.

After the flight of Yuri Gagarin, the title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" was established


Just two days after the famous flight on April 14, 1961, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, a new title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" was established. The title was established directly in honor of the first manned flight into space, performed by a Soviet citizen Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin on the Vostok spacecraft.


Yuri Gagarin in a spacesuit, photo by Roskosmos, www.roscosmos.ru

In May of the same year, the country finished drawing up and approved the regulations on the title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" and prepared a special badge. The title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" could only be obtained by citizens who made flights into space. It was assigned immediately after the first flight. Yuri Gagarin was the first to receive the title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" and a badge for No. 1.

In total, from 1961 to 1991, 72 citizens of the Soviet Union were awarded this honorary title. Toktar Aubakirov became the last pilot-cosmonaut in the history of the USSR in October 1991.

On March 20, 1992, a new title of "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation" and a corresponding badge were established in the country. They also began to number anew as an astronaut. Alexander Kaleri, who returned to Earth on August 1, 10, received the No. 1992 badge in Russia.
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  1. apro
    apro April 12 2021 04: 24
    +43
    Happy Soviet Cosmonautics Day, comrades.
    Day of the great space breakthrough of Soviet civilization.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima April 12 2021 04: 47
      +33
      April 12 is like a man-made watershed in world history. It is difficult to overestimate the feat of Gagarin. It is difficult for us to understand things that we are not able to see. It's like a bullet flying at a speed of 800 m / s. Gagarin, on the other hand, "swept over the Earth" with a speed of 10 times more! fellow The mind is incomprehensible! This is SPACE! These are technologies that were even 60 years ago! In the country that 40 years earlier came out of the hellish devastation and won the Great War! Those were the times! All members of the forum with HOLIDAY! drinks
      1. WHAT IS
        WHAT IS April 12 2021 05: 03
        +29
        Happy Holidays!
        1. Tatyana
          Tatyana April 12 2021 11: 48
          +11
          Happy Holidays!
          On April 12, 1961, Gagarin's flight marked the beginning of a new space era - the era of manned astronautics.
          Gagarin spent 108 minutes in orbit - these minutes became the triumph of Russian cosmonautics and the first leap of mankind on the way to conquering space.
          And now the 12th of April is celebrated in the world already like World Aviation and Astronautics Day.

          "A star named Gagarin". Documentary film • Mar 11. 2019 year
          1. Alena Frolovna
            Alena Frolovna April 12 2021 13: 15
            +7
            April 12, 1961 A.D. new style

            Wednesday of Bright Week

            "My whole life seems to me to be an instant" -
            said Gagarin, completing the flight.


          2. vadimab
            vadimab April 12 2021 23: 49
            +3
            Tatyana, thank you very much for this link
      2. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee April 12 2021 05: 07
        +14
        Happy Holidays! I remember the jubilation of people, joy and pride for our great Motherland!
        1. WHAT IS
          WHAT IS April 12 2021 05: 17
          +17
          Everyone remembers - such a rise after such a war!

          We are the first in the world!
        2. Proxima
          Proxima April 12 2021 07: 29
          +13
          Also an interesting fact. In case of landing in the deep taiga and so on, they decided to supply the first cosmonaut with firearms, you never know, shoot the game or fight off an aggressive native. Better candidacy "Makarov" was not found, reliable, reliable. You can't think of a better PM advertisement! good
          1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Alien From
      Alien From April 12 2021 08: 26
      +7
      I join and congratulate all members of the forum drinks eternal memory to the conquerors of space hi
      1. Richard
        Richard April 12 2021 09: 52
        +3
        drinks eternal memory to the conquerors of space hi

        As it is not well formulated. Why eternal memory and even drinks ?
        After all, the vast majority of our 125 astronauts are alive
    3. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter April 12 2021 12: 26
      +6
      Quote: apro
      Happy Soviet Cosmonautics Day, comrades.
      Day of the great space breakthrough of Soviet civilization.

      Solidarity! It is the holiday of SOVIET cosmonautics!
  2. svp67
    svp67 April 12 2021 04: 29
    +16
    And why is there no inscription "USSR" on the headband of Gagarin's article on his helmet?
    Because this inscription appeared just a few minutes before the start. And they applied it just before boarding the bus, to move to the launch site ...


    Happy COSMONAUTICS DAY everyone !!!!!
    1. apro
      apro April 12 2021 04: 38
      +11
      Quote: svp67
      there is no inscription "USSR"

      You know. That except galoshes .. the USSR could not do anything. And only the Russian people, in spite of the bloody scoop, did things.
    2. apro
      apro April 12 2021 04: 51
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      Because this inscription appeared just a few minutes before the start.

      But on all official Soviet cinema and photographic materials. This belonging to the USSR is. But today for some reason they focus on this fact. Which belittles Soviet achievements.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 12 2021 05: 07
        +5
        Quote: apro
        But on all official Soviet cinema and photographic materials, there is this belonging to the USSR.

        Yes?


        Quote: apro
        which belittles Soviet achievements.

        With what?
        1. apro
          apro April 12 2021 05: 13
          +3
          Quote: svp67
          With what?

          Not indicating the country that made the breakthrough. On the official website of Roscosmos there is a photo without an inscription on the helmet. Without the name of the country. Another attempt to present the achievements of the USSR in a neutral form.
          1. svp67
            svp67 April 12 2021 05: 18
            +9
            Quote: apro
            on helmet. without country name.

            Did the Americans have such inscriptions? I wrote that she appeared almost at the last moment. And then there are two ways either to abandon historical photos and film documents, until the appearance of this inscription, or to correct them with the help of Photoshop. Which way do you like?
            I am so not any. This is OUR story and why should I be ashamed of it?
            1. apro
              apro April 12 2021 05: 26
              -3
              Quote: svp67
              Did the Americans have such inscriptions?

              I am not interested in the opinion of the latter.


              Quote: svp67
              And there are two ways

              There is only one path, true. Yura had the name of the country on his helmet, when he made and finished his flight, in a helmet with the name of the country, and after the flight, there was the name of the country on the helmet.
            2. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr April 12 2021 11: 22
              +4
              Quote: svp67
              I wrote that she appeared almost at the last moment.
              And this inscription appeared only for one reason, so that after landing, Soviet citizens who happened to be nearby would not mistake him for a spy. These were the days when American U-2s often roamed our skies.
              1. svp67
                svp67 April 12 2021 13: 03
                +2
                Quote: Bad_gr
                And this inscription appeared only for one reason, so that after landing, Soviet citizens who happened to be nearby would not mistake him for a spy.

                And this happened quite often, even in the 80s, even with paratroopers.
              2. Sarboz
                Sarboz April 12 2021 19: 42
                +1
                Quote: Bad_gr
                And this inscription appeared only for one reason, so that after landing, Soviet citizens who happened to be nearby would not mistake him for a spy. These were the days when American U-2s often roamed our skies.

                Let's not confuse the times. After May 1, 1960, U-2 no longer pushed into our skies.
                1. Bad_gr
                  Bad_gr April 12 2021 20: 42
                  +2
                  Quote: Sarboz
                  Let's not confuse the times. After May 1, 1960, U-2 no longer pushed into our skies.
                  That is, after May 1, the collective farmers could not even have a thought that a person who descended from the sky by parachute in an incomprehensible overalls could not be a spy from an airplane that had been surfing our sky for 4 years with impunity? what does one shot down plane change here?
            3. Sling cutter
              Sling cutter April 12 2021 12: 49
              +4
              Quote: svp67
              This is OUR story and why should I be ashamed of it?

              Colleague, you are needlessly angry. The first cosmonaut in the world had a passport of a citizen of the USSR! good
              Happy Holidays! drinks
  3. alpamys
    alpamys April 12 2021 04: 52
    +2
    Also an interesting fact.
    03.10.1942/2/100, the Germans launched a VXNUMX rocket into Space, at an altitude of over XNUMX km.
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 12 2021 05: 09
      +5
      Quote: alpamys
      03.10.1942/2/100, the Germans launched a VXNUMX rocket into Space, at an altitude of over XNUMX km.

      And with this, she once again proved that it is not enough to go somewhere, you also need to get ...
    2. Gardamir
      Gardamir April 12 2021 06: 54
      0
      the Germans launched a rocket
      Our Katyushas did not shoot so high, but they were accurate.
  4. Korsar4
    Korsar4 April 12 2021 05: 07
    +11
    I agree. One of the uniting holidays.
    Happy Holidays!
    1. WHAT IS
      WHAT IS April 12 2021 06: 00
      +20
      A reason that unites everyone to be proud of the country!
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 12 2021 05: 15
    +13
    also interesting: When, two days after the flight, at a reception in the Kremlin, Nikita Khrushchev took Gagarin aside and asked if he had seen God, he jokingly replied: "I did." To which the Soviet leader said: "Please, do not tell anyone about this." After a while, Patriarch Alexy I approached the cosmonaut with the same question. Gagarin was embarrassed to joke with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church and he replied: "No, my father, unfortunately, did not see." “Please, Yura, don't tell anyone about this,” said Alexy. (from)
    1. Konnick
      Konnick April 13 2021 13: 26
      +3
      also interesting: When, two days after the flight, at a reception in the Kremlin, Nikita Khrushchev took Gagarin aside and asked if he had seen God, he jokingly replied: "I did." To which the Soviet leader said: "Please, do not tell anyone about this." After a while, Patriarch Alexy I approached the cosmonaut with the same question. Gagarin was embarrassed to joke with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church and he replied: "No, my father, unfortunately, did not see." “Please, Yura, don't tell anyone about this,” said Alexy. (from)


      When my illiterate and very religious great-grandmother, born in 1896, died, sorting out her things together with icons, we found the Pravda newspaper with a message about Gagarin's flight, with his portrait. Then they explained to me, the schoolboy, that the great-grandmother considered Gagarin an angel, and prayed in his photo, he was there, in heaven.
  6. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 April 12 2021 05: 38
    +8
    The scale of this event is even difficult to imagine! On the vast expanses of the Great Space, Yura became the FIRST !!! And if someday we meet brothers in mind, Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin will become the face of our planet! Happy Holidays Galaxy !!! Hooray! Hooray! Hooray!
    Cosmonauts and dreamers promise that apple trees WILL bloom on Mars!
    1. WHAT IS
      WHAT IS April 12 2021 05: 54
      +19
      Glory to Gagarin! Hurray! First! Ours!
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ April 12 2021 08: 12
      +4
      Cosmonauts and dreamers promise that apple trees WILL bloom on Mars!

      The original song from the movie "Meet the Dream" contained the words "Claim".
      1. serg.shishkov2015
        serg.shishkov2015 April 12 2021 08: 56
        +4
        I have a record with this song! Joseph Kobzon, 78 rpm and a turntable with SUCH speed is still working!
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ April 12 2021 19: 15
          +2
          Unfortunately, I have only 33 left, although there are still 78 records. This year you should have a RARAN conference, I go there regularly, but now it has been postponed until autumn.
  7. Van 16
    Van 16 April 12 2021 06: 26
    +9
    Happy Holidays! "Go!'
    1. HaByxoDaBHocep
      HaByxoDaBHocep April 12 2021 06: 45
      +7
      Now Rogozin will fine you for copyright infringement) you used the word "Let's go" without permission)
      1. Van 16
        Van 16 April 12 2021 07: 14
        +11
        This one may, instead of doing business, always suffers from some kind of garbage. But the holiday is really good, as a child I also collected stamps on space topics and newspaper clippings ..
        1. HaByxoDaBHocep
          HaByxoDaBHocep April 12 2021 09: 20
          +4
          I also had a whole album of stamps on the theme "Space", when cousins ​​and sisters lived with my mother, everything disappeared somewhere (
          1. serg.shishkov2015
            serg.shishkov2015 April 12 2021 10: 19
            +3
            And I have two whole albums! favorite topic! A little more philately! And so already 43 years of this experience!
      2. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 April 12 2021 19: 41
        +1
        Quote: HaByxoDaBHocep
        you used the word "Let's go" without permission)

        In the XNUMXs, there was vodka with that name.
  8. Gardamir
    Gardamir April 12 2021 06: 50
    +8
    There are only two facts. Under socialism, the Russians flew into space. Under capitalism, astronauts will soon have bicycles made in China.
    1. Alanart
      Alanart April 12 2021 07: 51
      0
      There are only two facts. Boys born under tsarism dreamed of space. Boys born under socialism dreamed of jeans;) Both of them got what they dreamed of
      1. apro
        apro April 12 2021 08: 03
        +4
        Quote: Alanart
        Boys born under tsarism dreamed of space.

        Most dreamed of just surviving and becoming bars like everyone else.
        Quote: Alanart
        Boys born under socialism dreamed of jeans

        Most dreamed and could become both astronauts and engineers and find their place in life. And society helped them in this. Whoever wanted jeans, had that, and they don't really need to dream.
        1. Flamberg
          Flamberg April 12 2021 08: 28
          -2
          Most dreamed and could become both astronauts and engineers and find their place in life. And society helped them in this. Whoever wanted jeans, had that, and they don't really need to dream.

          Heh ... if that were really the case, then now we would be living in a union.
          1. apro
            apro April 12 2021 08: 41
            0
            Quote: Flamberg
            Heh ... if that were really the case, then now we would be living in a union.

            It turned out, what happened, social attitudes are sometimes powerless in front of animal instincts
            1. Flamberg
              Flamberg April 12 2021 08: 48
              0
              It turned out, what happened, social attitudes are sometimes powerless in front of animal instincts

              Are you saying that the Soviet upbringing was unsuitable, could not instill in people a love for the right things?
              1. apro
                apro April 12 2021 08: 57
                +2
                Quote: Flamberg
                You want to say

                I want to say that the departure from Soviet principles in economics and social construction has led to such results.
                1. Flamberg
                  Flamberg April 12 2021 09: 04
                  -1
                  That is, people with the best education and upbringing sold the greatest country in history for jeans because of some principles?
                  1. apro
                    apro April 12 2021 09: 09
                    -2
                    Quote: Flamberg
                    sold the greatest country

                    It happens. I hope it went to their advantage.
                    1. Flamberg
                      Flamberg April 12 2021 09: 12
                      -4
                      It's too late for them. They are over 50 years old and it is not for them to decide the future fate of the country.
                      1. apro
                        apro April 12 2021 09: 16
                        0
                        Quote: Flamberg
                        and it's not up to them to decide

                        What's the difference, everyone is like that.
                      2. Flamberg
                        Flamberg April 12 2021 09: 22
                        -5
                        Such are not like that, and probably will be able to lead in front only those who do not remember either the union or the nineties, who grew up in a quiet time. But this is just my opinion, and I am not a wang and, accordingly, it will be as it will be.
                      3. apro
                        apro April 12 2021 09: 39
                        +2
                        Quote: Flamberg
                        but probably only those who

                        So fair wind.
                      4. Elturisto
                        Elturisto April 12 2021 10: 37
                        +1
                        I wonder where is this going forward? And why not back? They are building temples over there ...
                      5. Flamberg
                        Flamberg April 12 2021 10: 42
                        -2
                        Interesting-in front of this where?

                        Into the future, whatever it may be.
                        And why not back?

                        You can go back if you like.
                        Temples are being built over there ...

                        AND?...
                        Questions of faith are a personal matter. And in general, if every night the stars are lit in the sky, it means that someone needs it ...
                      6. Elturisto
                        Elturisto April 12 2021 14: 13
                        +1
                        How your vision "forward" differs from "forward" I will not understand, explain ...
                      7. Flamberg
                        Flamberg April 12 2021 15: 04
                        -1
                        In the same way, warm differs from soft.
    2. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth April 12 2021 09: 39
      +4
      Quote: Flamberg
      Are you saying that the Soviet upbringing was unsuitable, could not instill in people a love for the right things?

      Quote: Flamberg
      That is, people with the best education and upbringing sold the greatest country in history for jeans because of some principles?

      Jeans are good workwear for everyday use. Whoever sold the country did not sell it for jeans. The "communist" Gorbachev, who later turned into socialists, does not even stutter about socialism now. But, he is not the only one. Remind who spoke about the ability of the USSR to produce only galoshes.
      Soviet upbringing and education are incapable of recognizing and resisting lies, meanness and greed. We were too naive and gullible.
      Quote: Alanart
      There are only two facts. Boys born under tsarism dreamed of space. Boys born under socialism dreamed of jeans;) Both of them got what they dreamed of

      Khrushchev, who was born under the tsar, had a tear welled up when he met Gagarin. Like Brezhnev too. From pride in the achievement of the country. They were somewhat idealists, they believed that their deeds were for the good of the country.
      My generation chose a profession by vocation, now often - where to "cut the dough" more.
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Was mammoth
          Was mammoth April 12 2021 10: 42
          +2
          Quote: Flamberg
          Is it not because the words about the bright future have remained just words?

          Jeans are just pants.
          The times of Brezhnev can be called the "golden age" of socialism. We lived better every year. And, millions of people still live in "khrushchobs". They were once a dream. According to Goebbels, Gorbachev's "perestroika" turned out to be a "monstrous lie."
          If your calling is to be a merchandiser, this does not mean that everyone is like that. Someone also dreams of space.
          There is no USSR country on the map, but its achievements are there, as well as the fact that it remained in the heart of every Soviet person.
          1. Flamberg
            Flamberg April 12 2021 11: 00
            -2
            Jeans are just pants.

            Once again I repeat to you that I brought jeans as an example of one of the symbols of collapse. And you are absolutely right jeans are just pants. Pants with which they could not provide their citizens. We can have a space station, we can Buran, we can have different rockets and tanks, but we can’t have jeans. This is nonsense ... request
            The times of Brezhnev can be called the "golden age" of socialism. We lived better every year.
            The golden age is 18 years long. This is serious. Only at the end of Brezhnev's rule, cards were already introduced in some regions. Brezhnev is indirectly to blame for the collapse of the union. Because Brezhnev did NOTHING, the country went with the flow, and Gorbachev did, but could not.
            If your calling is to be a merchandiser, this does not mean that everyone is like that. Someone also dreams of space.
            Oksttes dear, what have I to do with it? Or do you think that dreamers are more important than pragmatists?
            And, millions of people still live in "khrushchobs". They were once a dream.

            Until the collapse of the union and were. Which shows the wretchedness of life of an ordinary Soviet person
            1. Was mammoth
              Was mammoth April 12 2021 11: 28
              +2
              Quote: Flamberg
              And, millions of people still live in "khrushchobs". They were once a dream.
              Until the collapse of the union and were. Which shows the wretchedness of life of an ordinary Soviet person

              Quote: Flamberg
              This is nonsense ...

              Nonsense to write this.
              It seems that you are not familiar with the troubles that befell our country. The destroyed country, which was threatened with a nuclear war and which is still "haunted" by the past war, needed bombs, tanks, airplanes ..., space, and not warm closets. To protect, first of all, the country and the people.
            2. Flamberg
              Flamberg April 12 2021 12: 03
              -3
              Nonsense to write this.
              It seems that you are not familiar with the troubles that befell our country. The destroyed country, which was threatened with a nuclear war and which is still "haunted" by the past war, needed bombs, tanks, airplanes ..., space, and not warm closets. To protect, first of all, the country and the people.

              The most peaceful country riveted 100 thousand T-54/55? The Union rattled its weapons no worse than the West. Moreover, in 62, no one had enough eggs to press a button.
              And WWII ended at 45 ...
              So there would be a place for warm closets with toilet paper ...
        2. Igoresha
          Igoresha April 12 2021 12: 06
          -3
          Someone also dreams of space.
          it is, of course, but not at the expense of my toilet paper
          1. Flamberg
            Flamberg April 12 2021 12: 12
            -1
            it is, of course, but not at the expense of my toilet paper

            as Petrosyan laughing
            - What is the most important thing in the forest?
            - Toilet paper. Especially in coniferous ...
          2. Igoresha
            Igoresha April 12 2021 12: 19
            0
            funny it's funny but I watched the film "The story of Asya Klyachina who loved ..." in what houses did people live, off-road .. uuu
  • Alanart
    Alanart April 12 2021 09: 31
    0
    The results, so to speak, are on the scoreboard;) Rogozin and others are from the USSR. And this is the third fact
    1. apro
      apro April 12 2021 09: 33
      -1
      Quote: Alanart
      Rogozin and others are from the USSR.

      And what's sovets in it ???
      1. Alanart
        Alanart April 12 2021 09: 55
        0
        Presumably, upbringing and education;) Well, it was not the Martians who raised him, but the Soviet teachers and the Soviet family
        1. apro
          apro April 12 2021 09: 56
          0
          Quote: Alanart
          Presumably,

          Presumably, the communists planted a bomb under the Russian cosmonautics again.
          1. Alanart
            Alanart April 12 2021 12: 25
            -3
            Well, who? :) We didn't have another party until 1991;))
            1. apro
              apro April 12 2021 13: 23
              0
              Quote: Alanart
              Well, who? :)

              It's the same as. IVS Stalin of the defeat of 1941 on the tsar shifted ...
              1. Alanart
                Alanart April 13 2021 08: 24
                -1
                Well, defeat may not be necessary to shift. But the demography, which made it possible to mobilize a huge army and get millions of workers to rebuild the country, despite the terrible losses, is from the Empire. True, the lands devastated by the barbaric exploitation and, as a result, the famine of the 30s and the post-war, in part, are also from there. As well as many other bad things. And good. In the form of designers, scientists and generals.
                History is continuous.
                1. apro
                  apro April 13 2021 09: 21
                  0
                  Quote: Alanart
                  Well, defeat may not be necessary to shift.

                  Why not? You can fight against the Soviets, but you cannot fight against the Tsar, after all, most of the Red commanders served in the tsarist army. How do you say?
                  Quote: Alanart
                  History is continuous.
                2. Alanart
                  Alanart April 13 2021 13: 02
                  0
                  Not the majority, but many. The same heroic Karbyshev, for example. And, here, the ever-memorable Vlasov, still no;)
                3. apro
                  apro April 13 2021 13: 08
                  0
                  Quote: Alanart
                  Not the majority, but many.

                  Exactly. So please be consistent. I remember here. I don’t remember.
                4. Alanart
                  Alanart April 13 2021 13: 27
                  0
                  I wrote "generals, scientists and designers". With rare exceptions, they simply could not be physically born, educated and formed as individuals in the Soviet Union;) Even the traitor Vlasov in the 22nd was already a fully developed personality. True, formed already in the troubled times of revolutions.
                5. apro
                  apro April 13 2021 13: 49
                  -1
                  Quote: Alanart
                  With rare exceptions, they simply could not be physically born, educated and formed as individuals in the Soviet Union.

                  So the king is to blame.
                6. Alanart
                  Alanart April 13 2021 17: 04
                  0
                  Of course, the king;) Yes, not Kolya number 2, but an older generation or two. I would cut out all the Poles and other Finns, and, you see, it would be possible to reach Berlin without wearing off your boots.
                  But, you see, it didn't work out.
                  And Rurik is generally a scoundrel;))
                  Why are you pretending to be an idiot?
                7. apro
                  apro April 13 2021 17: 05
                  0
                  Quote: Alanart
                  Why are you pretending to be an idiot?

                  Who was the first to start blaming the Soviets?
  • Was mammoth
    Was mammoth April 12 2021 07: 35
    +12
    I vaguely remember this day. It was six years after all. I remember well the general grief when the death of Gagarin was announced.
    Brother from Gagarin's flight collected newspapers with reports on space. And, then he tied his fate with aviation.
    Yesterday there was a film about the first three days of Gagarin's life after the flight. I was surprised that there is still no memorial sign at the landing site. More precisely, the homemade one was gone. There are disputes about where the Battle of Kulikovo and the Battle of the Ice took place. We can also lose the landing site of Gagarin, the first cosmonaut on Earth.
    1. Doctor
      Doctor April 12 2021 11: 55
      +6
      I was surprised that there is still no memorial sign at the landing site. More precisely, the homemade one was gone. There are disputes about where the Battle of Kulikovo and the Battle of the Ice took place. We can also lose the landing site of Gagarin, the first cosmonaut on Earth.

      Everything is. There is a whole complex. On the left bank of the Volga, south of Engels, opposite the village of Smelovka.

      1. Was mammoth
        Was mammoth April 12 2021 12: 17
        +2
        Quote: Arzt
        Everything is. There is a whole complex. On the left bank of the Volga, south of Engels, opposite the village of Smelovka.

        Unfortunately, this complex is not quite there. Nearby, but not there.
        Yesterday's film showed this place. Therefore, I wrote that we can lose this historical place.
        1. Doctor
          Doctor April 12 2021 14: 30
          0
          Unfortunately, this complex is not quite there. Nearby, but not there.
          Yesterday's film showed this place. Therefore, I wrote that we can lose this historical place.

          I understand that the other place is the landing site of the descent vehicle. Gagarin landed separately.
          1. Was mammoth
            Was mammoth April 12 2021 17: 31
            +1
            Quote: Arzt
            Gagarin landed separately.

            Therefore, I understand, and the real landing site is classified. Something about legal flight registration.
            Yesterday on TV "Russia" they showed the film "Three Days of Yuri Gagarin. And All Life". Film of 2011. I have not seen it before. In this film, the place of the real landing of Yuri Gagarin was restored according to eyewitnesses. And there were quite a few of them.
            PS Yandex showed the most frequently asked questions about Gagarin.
            "In what year did Yu. Gagarin fly?" belay
            "Why is Yuri Gagarin's flight timed to coincide with the Cosmonautics Day?" belay
            Невероятно!
            Knowledge is power!
            1. Doctor
              Doctor April 12 2021 17: 34
              0
              Yesterday on TV "Russia" they showed the film "Three Days of Yuri Gagarin. And All Life". Film of 2011. I have not seen it before. In this film, the place of the real landing of Yuri Gagarin was restored according to eyewitnesses. And there were quite a few of them.

              OK. I'll take a look.
  • nikvic46
    nikvic46 April 12 2021 07: 51
    +8
    This is our Gagarin. And we will not give him into any hands. Yesterday there were feature films about Gagarin. The actor had to portray the smile of the first cosmonaut. Where did the documentary tape about Gagarin's preparation for flight. Damn intellectual property. After all, this film shows the face of Yuri Alekseevich after the tests. And it did not always smile. That's how I remember this guy. And they give me a gut-percha boy.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 April 12 2021 08: 09
      +6
      Quote: nikvic46
      And they give me a gut-percha boy.

      Unfortunately, the media does not belong to Russia. They are managed through advertising - the more slop on our heads, the more zeros on the accounts of the owners of the media. When Putin was asked why such films are being made with crazy NKVD officers in our country, he replied that this is a trend, from which it can be concluded that he does not have the strength to force the media to work for Russia, for its interests ...

      I am against copyright, which restricts access to knowledge and leads to the degradation of society. The successes and achievements of one person are possible only in the society of people - only Mowgli are born in the society of animals. Therefore, we are all accomplices, directly or indirectly, in all the achievements of the individual, and therefore the achievements of one are the achievements of all of us and all these achievements should belong to all of us without any restrictions. Every work must be paid, just like the work of any of us. Wrote an article, made a film, plowed a field, carved a detail - get your job done and that's it.

      Happy Holidays, everyone. No one will be able to take away either this day or the day of victory from us.
      They can defile, but take away - no.
      1. Igoresha
        Igoresha April 12 2021 12: 09
        -7
        with crazy NKVD officers
        why not?
        Korolev, in a letter to Stalin, “Investigators Shestakov and Bykov subjected me to physical repression and abuse” (c), and the best friend of Soviet athletes signed his signature under the execution list. And how many of these queens were beaten in prisons and in the camps they were starved and overworked
  • Keyser soze
    Keyser soze April 12 2021 09: 28
    +9
    Happy Victory Day, Russians! And so that you continue to have something to be proud of and enjoy!
  • Radikal
    Radikal April 12 2021 10: 00
    0
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: apro
    But on all official Soviet cinema and photographic materials, there is this belonging to the USSR.

    Yes?


    Quote: apro
    which belittles Soviet achievements.

    With what?

    Well, for example, here's what -
    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/teacher/roskosmos-staratelno-vymaryvaet-iz-istorii-stranu-kotoraia-zapustila-pervoi-cheloveka-v-kosmos-6070a7517be2036ace07fd39
    1. Genry
      Genry April 12 2021 10: 22
      -1
      Do you need a taxi or checkers?
  • Radikal
    Radikal April 12 2021 10: 25
    +4
    Quote: Genry
    Do you need a taxi or checkers?

    As for the "taxi" - it's you to the point! For more than thirty years, Roskosmos has been working in this way! lol hi
  • Elturisto
    Elturisto April 12 2021 10: 25
    +1
    Against the background of the degradation of science and industry, an orgy of deification of Gagarin is unfolding.
    Gagarin is a symbol of the victory of the country of Socialism, of the entire Soviet people under the leadership of the Communist Party. The modern population of the bourgeois Russian Federation has nothing to do with this. We must not boast of other people's successes, but think how to get out of the cesspool in which we all found ourselves thanks to the restoration of capitalism.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 April 12 2021 10: 40
      -3
      Quote: ElTuristo
      Against the background of the degradation of science and industry

      Our science was so graduated that no country in the world can catch up with us. laughing

      Quote: ElTuristo
      We must not brag about other people's successes

      For you, they may be strangers, but for us, that neither is ours.

      You will never be able to convince us that the victories of Nevsky, Suvorov, Kutuzov, Brusilov, Zhukov, etc. not ours. Including in the confrontation in biological warfare today. We, unlike you, have something to be proud of!
      1. Elturisto
        Elturisto April 12 2021 14: 16
        +2
        You are constantly generalizing - "our", "us". Who is "our" for you? Abromovich and Deripaska are yours?
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 April 13 2021 07: 32
          0
          Quote: ElTuristo
          Abromovich and Deripaska are yours?

          And they are the same.
          1. Elturisto
            Elturisto April 13 2021 08: 36
            0
            Oh wei ... and innovative Chubais means too ... how great it is to be a real patriot of the Russian Federation while in Israel ... Yasha Kedmi will not let you lie ...
  • Igor Polovodov
    Igor Polovodov April 12 2021 10: 38
    0

    What kind of guy he was ...
  • xomaNN
    xomaNN April 12 2021 10: 51
    +4
    Happy Cosmonautics Day everyone! For almost ten years I was involved in satellite astronautics. And our Chernigov trained a dozen Soviet cosmonauts. Their almamater is the Chernigov Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots named after the Lenin Komsomol (CHVVAUL), which has been destroyed for 25 years.


  • xorek
    xorek April 12 2021 12: 10
    -6
    Yes, the holiday is truly the Greatest! The Soviet Union and the Soviet people entered the history of mankind as the discoverer of the Cosmos and the first man who conquered it, Yuri Gagarin! I am not afraid of this word, that the WHOLE country worked for this achievement despite all the obstacles, etc. ..This is not Musk, your PR man, gentlemen, pipilatsy! I really hope that Russia, as the backbone and heir of the USSR, will still show the world that we deserve to be the successors of space exploration and that Yuri will not be disappointed in us, like Tsialkovsky, Korolev, etc. .. I'm sure there will be a jerk !!!
    Happy holiday guys, who is in the subject .. hi soldier drinks
    PS Today is my elder son's birthday .. Double holiday !!!

    This is how we live our bread.
  • Butchcassidy
    Butchcassidy April 12 2021 12: 17
    +2
    All the holiday!
  • seacap
    seacap April 12 2021 13: 09
    +1
    Great heroes, the achievements of the great nation, the winner and creator of the once mighty power, "producing only galoshes and felt boots" by the definition of our guarantor, whose portraits and victories still cover our failure and helplessness. I wonder what victories and innovative breakthrough discoveries of our caste digitized society of consumers will be celebrated by our grandchildren, maybe the first settlements on the Moon, the first man on Mars? Considering that apart from the royal missiles, we still do not have anything sane and is not expected, despite the fact that the Queen is replacing the journalist and the progress of lagging behind China and the United States becomes irreversible, optimism sharply decreases and the thought that after the losses of "ballet and hockey" we also lost space. Particularly touching is the cynical hypocrisy and hypocrisy of the 1st Russophobic and anti-state channel, a branch of CNN, in the morning "grasping and tormenting" the national hero of the country and the people, whom these wretched for budgetary money pour slops from year after year, distorting history, dropping to a straight line slander and lies. As a result, a country created by deception and betrayal, on the basis of crime and perjury, where all spheres of activity are saturated with lies, the community of people and creative education have been destroyed, is hardly capable of great achievements or at least have sane development prospects.
    1. Elturisto
      Elturisto April 12 2021 14: 17
      0
      Thank you for your helpful comment. I fully support it.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • motorized rifle
    motorized rifle April 12 2021 13: 49
    +4
    In kindergarten, boys in Gagarin's uniform were photographed this way
    ... Your humble servant Ovsyanka settlement Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station. presumably 1966
  • Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 April 12 2021 14: 11
    +1
    I think that in April 1961, all citizens of the Soviet Union felt their involvement in such an event.
    In childhood, when they announced the next launch of a rocket, my father took me to the outskirts of a village, a city, to show the "trail" of the rocket's flight.
    Born in the Altai Territory, they lived in Alma-Ata and Altai. We can say that he was born near the homeland of German Stepanovich Titov. When he found out that a decision was made about the flight of Gagarin Yu.A., Titov is attributed to G.S. the following words: there were many explorers of America, but Columbus was the first to discover it.
  • bandabas
    bandabas April 12 2021 14: 13
    +1
    Day of Soviet Cosmonautics is a good thing! But yesterday none of the members of the forum remembered about the Air Defense Day. Therefore, I additionally congratulate everyone who has served and is serving in the Air Defense Forces, RTV and, of course, air defense pilots.
  • Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. April 12 2021 14: 58
    +1
    The risk on the first flight was enormous.
    The first unmanned 1-KP
    was thrown from an orbit of 320 kilometers to an altitude of 690 kilometers. There, according to the forecast, he was supposed to exist from three to six years.
    After the tests of the attitude control system, we doubted the serviceability of the IKV, designed to orient the ship along the local vertical. The rotation speed of the infrared-sensitive sensor scanning the horizon decreased from session to session. Finally, we made sure the sensor stopped. Apparently, the electric motor has failed or a breakdown has occurred. At the same time, for all other indicators, the main orientation system behaved normally. Reserve - solar orientation system during the test did not have any contraindications for use. On HF communication, we consulted and argued with Rauschenbach, Legostaev, Bashkin and Khrustalev, who insisted on orientation before descending through the main system. At a meeting of the "T" group, the young engineer of Rauschenbach's department Branets and Khrustalev's deputy Medvedev strongly objected to the use of the main system. Convinced of the great risk [386] of orientation along the main system, I spent a long time persuading Korolev via HF to make a decision to descend along the reserve system. ... The State Commission decided to go down the main system. All instructions were issued at the KRL station of the eastern points, and the commands went on board for the orientation session according to the main system and the inclusion of the TDU at the estimated time. In those years, we did not yet have a reliable criterion for the GSO - the readiness of the orientation system ...


    On July 28, a rocket with the index 8K72 was launched. The satellite ship 1K No. 1 with Chaika and Chaika on board was equipped and prepared much better than the previous 1-KP. This time, we carefully worked out all possible situations in order to avoid mistakes when choosing an attitude control system and issuing a command to descend from orbit.
    However, Chaika and Seagull were not destined to visit space. The ship crashed very close to the launch site in an accident of the first stage of the launch vehicle ... This accident showed how urgent is the development of a descent vehicle rescue system directly from the start. The deaths of Chaika and Seagull had a stimulating effect on the development of such a system. There were no TASS reports on the results of the emergency launch on July 28.


    We began to prepare the third ship - 1K No. 2.

    It was a full-fledged satellite ship, with a rich set of equipment for scientific experiments. Biomedical experiments were designed to study the characteristics of the vital activity of animals in space flight, the effect of space radiation on plant organisms, and the study of the effectiveness [389] of the system of waste regeneration, food, water supply and sewage disposal. For this, there were two white rats, many black and white mice in the pressurized cabin.
    However, the main feature was the presence of two passengers - Belka and Strelka. They were so mobile and cheerful dogs that there was no doubt about their safe return.
    They created quite comfortable conditions for the dogs - they were placed in a sealed cabin of an ejection container equipped with life support systems ...
    In the dining room at breakfast Lev Grishin amused everyone with unrepeatable, always fresh anecdotes. “Today we have entered the“ dog ”preliminary,” he said, “tomorrow the main“ human ”stage will follow." On this occasion, they drank fifteen drops. In the midst of the morning feast, the Queen was summoned to the telephone. Golunsky called. Changed in the face of Korolev returns and says:
    - Telemetrists assure that the IKV failed again in the same way as at 1-KP.
    “Here, Sergei Pavlovich, is a good opportunity to check the backup orientation system,” I suggested.
    Korolyov looked at me angrily and began to command:
    - Fast on HF. And let there, in NII-4, Ryazansky and Bushuev finish looking at pictures and prepare a launch program with the ballisticians. Finally, they decided to make a landing using the backup - emergency - system.

    On December 1, 1960, the dogs Pchelka and Mushka were killed on the same satellite ship in orbit. The ship was blown up by the APO system in accordance with the logic that provided for its destruction in the event of a descent with the risk of landing on foreign territory.


    On December 22, due to an accident at the third stage of the carrier, the dogs Joke and Kometa abnormally landed in the descent vehicle due to the failure of the catapult. It saved their lives.


    At the beginning of 1960, a special “Regulation on ZKA” (factory drawing index of “Vostok”) was issued ... Components for the “Vostok” units, devices, systems had to be marked and have an entry in the form “Suitable for ZKA”. The delivery of any component parts for the assembly of the ZKA without going through the full cycle of factory tests was prohibited. Military representatives were instructed to maintain the strictest control over quality and reliability. Chief designers and managers of enterprises were personally responsible for the quality of products labeled "fit for ZKA". They had no right to entrust their signature to any of the deputies.


    Of the five satellite ships launched in 1960 to test systems, four took off. Of these four, three went into orbit, and two landed. Of the two returned, only one landed normally! Before launching a man, it was absolutely necessary to have two or three more successful drones. [430] On two Venus launches on February 4 and 12, 1961, the first three stages behaved normally. On March 9, a satellite ship with a dummy and a dog Chernushka was launched according to the program proposed for humans. Having completed one turn, the ship landed in the prescribed area, 260 kilometers from Kuibyshev.

    Boris Chertok Rockets and people.
    http://militera.lib.ru/explo/chertok_be/13.html

    This was the path to the first manned flight.
  • 16112014nk
    16112014nk April 12 2021 18: 05
    +3
    One smile of Gagarin is worth something! Happy Cosmonautics Day! fellow
  • Old26
    Old26 April 12 2021 18: 34
    +3
    Quote: apro
    Quote: svp67
    Because this inscription appeared just a few minutes before the start.

    But on all official Soviet cinema and photographic materials. This belonging to the USSR is. But today for some reason they focus on this fact. Which belittles Soviet achievements.

    Nobody belittles, but in reality there was no inscription of the USSR on the helmet of Gagarin and his understudy Titov. The question arose how one could identify who he was. And literally on the launch pad this inscription was made. Then everyone had it.

    Quote: alpamys
    Also an interesting fact.
    03.10.1942/2/100, the Germans launched a VXNUMX rocket into Space, at an altitude of over XNUMX km.

    Nobody launched the FAU-2 into space. It didn’t even come close to orbital speed. The start was normal, and its apogee was indeed more than 100 km. But this does not mean that the Third Reich was the first in space.

    Quote: Dmitry Vladimirovich
    This was the path to the first manned flight.

    And Gagarin's orbit was higher than planned. Therefore, in case of failure of the TDU, the ship would slow down and land in a couple of months. Good thing that worked
  • Old26
    Old26 April 13 2021 01: 23
    +3
    Quote: Proxima
    Also an interesting fact. In case of landing in the deep taiga and so on, they decided to supply the first cosmonaut with firearms, you never know, shoot the game or fight off an aggressive native. Better candidacy "Makarov" was not found, reliable, reliable. You can't think of a better PM advertisement! good

    The pistol was regardless of where the astronaut was supposed to land. And apart from Makarov, there was nothing else. Do not put Stechkin in NAZ. Only after the abnormal landing of Leonov and Belyaev on Voskhod-2 in the Perm taiga did the question arise that the PM should be replaced with something that could really help the cosmonauts who had landed in emergency. And then, as a result of a competition, TP-82 was placed in NAZ.
    Of course, the PM is reliable and reliable, but what could he do in a real situation, when it would be necessary to protect himself from the beast, and then more to shoot the game? Of course, you can fight off an aggressive aborigine with the Makarovs, if this aggressive aboriginal does not have a Kalashnikov with him laughing After the warranty period for cartridges for TP-82 ended, it seems, they again began to store PM in NAZ. How now, when the CPC became a civic organization - I don't know
  • Constanty
    Constanty April 17 2021 22: 22
    +2
    At the same time, the name of the first cosmonaut in the history of the Earth is known today not only in Russia, but also in the world. Yuri Gagarin today is one of the brightest historical characters associated with our country.


    I live in Poland - in the city of Zielona Gora - a city famous not only for the festival of Soviet songs, but also for the fact that the Higher Engineering School named after I. Yuri Gagarin.
    Moreover, the first man in space was a guest of honor in my city on July 22, 1961, just three months after returning from space. They were greeted with all the honors.


    To this day, one of the main auditoriums of the university (now after the merger with a second university - WSP - University of Zielona Gora) is decorated with graphics with his figure.


    Despite the prevailing Russophobia imposed by the authorities in Poland, the rector of the university recently ordered the restoration of a mosaic, quite damaged after 60 years, which is important both for the history of the city and as a tribute to a person who deserves merit to the whole world.
  • TANKISTONE
    TANKISTONE April 21 2021 21: 27
    0
    Hello everyone! I searched the network for pictures of the Little Homeland. Here they are (who are interested):


    - Mosaic at the end of a residential building.

    - Boulevard of cosmonauts (the trees were planted by the cosmonauts-guests of the city.



    - Monument to the Conquerors of Space.

    - Residents of the city captured the launches.



    - Meeting the conquerors of space.

    - Space Museum in IL-18. Copies of documents, history of space exploration, samples of space food. Everything was there ... The plane was cut.

    City icons. Posters and banners broadcast that Dzhezkazgan was the space haven of the Land of the Soviets! History ... Thanks to Oleg-Nikolsk-Rudnik-Vesovaya for collecting and organizing photos on the social page!