Military Review

International Day of the Resistance Movement: remember the guerrillas and the underground

52

Beginning in 1939, active resistance to the invaders developed in the territories occupied by Hitlerite Germany and its satellites and allies. Underground organizations and groups operated depending on specific cities and regions, partisan detachments fought. Anti-fascist resistance swept across many countries - from the occupied territories of the Soviet Union, the countries of Eastern and Western Europe, and ending with Southeast Asia, where partisans fought against the Japanese imperialists.


In each country, the resistance movement had its own specifics. In the Soviet Union, many partisan detachments operated in the occupied territories. In total, as historians note, in the USSR from 1941 to 1944. there were at least 6200 partisan detachments in operation, in which over 1 million Soviet and foreign citizens fought. Another 184 thousand Soviet citizens took part in the anti-fascist resistance in other countries.

In Western and Eastern Europe, anti-fascist resistance assumed the character of a partisan war in Italy, Greece, Yugoslavia, and Albania. In other countries, underground organizations were active, engaged in sabotage, anti-fascist agitation, sabotage against the invaders. In Southeast Asia, a guerrilla war against the Japanese imperialists unfolded in Vietnam, the Philippines, Burma, Indonesia and Malaya.

It should be noted that in the process of the struggle against the occupiers - the Nazis, the Japanese imperialists, the Italian fascists, ideological differences faded into the background: the resistance movement united people of various political views. Nevertheless, in many countries, if not the leading, then a very important role in the anti-fascist resistance was played by the left - the communists, socialists, anarchists.

Thus, in Italy, the main resistance forces were represented by the communist "Garibaldi Brigades", the socialist "Matteotti Brigades" and the "Justice and Freedom" formations of the Liberal Socialist Party of Action. In France, the Nazis were opposed by both urban underground fighters and the "poppies" - partisans operating in the countryside, especially in the mountainous regions. A number of Maki squads consisted exclusively of veterans of the Spanish Civil War.


Partisans of the 2nd Russian battalion of the 18th Slovenian shock Bazovitskaya brigade, May 1945

Interesting page stories The resistance movement in Europe was attended by our compatriots - prisoners of war who fled from the camps, as well as Russian emigrants and their descendants. For example, the 1st Soviet partisan regiment under the command of Major A. Kazaryan, staffed by Armenians, operated in France. In the period from February to August 1944 alone, partisan formations manned by citizens of the USSR killed 3500 and captured 650 Nazis and collaborators in France. Soviet partisans in France destroyed 1944 Nazi trains in February-August 65 alone, seized 90 cars, 15 mortars, 50 machine guns and other weapons.

As part of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, there were entire Russian companies and battalions, fully staffed by immigrants from the USSR. The 1st Russian brigade of the NOAU was commanded by a Soviet partisan who escaped from a prisoner of war camp Anatoly Dyachenko: in the Yugoslav army he received the rank of major. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was posthumously received by Mehdi Ganifa oglu Huseyn-zade - the legendary "Mikhailo", who commanded a sabotage and reconnaissance group at the headquarters of the 9th Slovenian Corps of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia. And these are just a few examples of Soviet citizens who fought against the Nazis and their accomplices in the Balkans.

The successes of the partisans in Albania are impressive: this is the only country that freed itself from the Nazi invaders on its own. It was the units of the National Liberation Army of Albania, led by the communists, that took Tirana, Shkoder and other large cities of the country, expelling the German occupiers from its territory.

Today, 76 years after the victory over Nazi Germany and its allies, the memory of the fearless partisans and underground fighters of the Second World War is still alive. There are almost no survivors of those who personally participated in the resistance movement, but for their descendants and for all of us, the International Day of the Resistance Movement remains a significant date. Let us recall the partisans and underground fighters, brave fighters against fascism, on this day.
Photos used:
Wikipedia / Russian state archive; Wikipedia / Book Gradnikova brigada. Petelin, Stanko. Nova Gorica, "Soča," 1966.
52 comments
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  1. Alien From
    Alien From April 10 2021 11: 10
    +17
    Let us remember and honor the memory of the partisans! hi
    1. Richard
      Richard April 10 2021 11: 19
      +18
      Let us remember and honor the memory of the partisans!

      "March of the Soviet partisans"
      Music: A. Alexandrov. Words: M. Golodny.
      1. Richard
        Richard April 10 2021 11: 26
        +13
        And this song has become truly popular.
        "Oh, my fogs, fogged" performed by the great singer
        1. Sergey M. Karasev
          Sergey M. Karasev April 11 2021 06: 24
          0
          And this song has become truly popular.
          "Oh, my fogs, fogged" performed by the great singer

          Why did you become? She was folk, she was sung since the time of the war with Napoleon.
      2. Insurgent
        Insurgent April 10 2021 11: 27
        +17
        Quote: Richard
        "March of the Soviet partisans"
        Music: A. Alexandrov. Words: M. Golodny.


        Ours, to the tune of Bella ciao - (Goodbye, beauty), songs of the Resistance movement.

        Bella ciao, in two languages, Russian and Italian, was performed by the great Soviet singer Muslim Magomayev.

      3. Sling cutter
        Sling cutter April 10 2021 11: 36
        +15
        Glory to the Soviet Partisans!
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine April 10 2021 11: 45
          +20
          Quote: Stroporez
          Glory to the Soviet Partisans!

          Glory to the partisans who fought in Belarus, and to my mother Elena Vasilievna, a fighter of the partisan "Bati Formation".
          1. Sling cutter
            Sling cutter April 10 2021 11: 46
            +14
            Quote: tihonmarine
            Glory to the partisans who fought in Belarus, and to my mother Elena Vasilievna, a fighter of the partisan "Bati Formation".

            Glory and my deep respect for their feats of arms! soldier
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine April 10 2021 12: 12
              +4
              Quote: Stroporez
              Glory and my deep respect for their feats of arms!

              Yes, such a wonderful post, representatives of the / on will spoil it.
              1. Overlock
                Overlock April 11 2021 13: 50
                +19
                Quote: tihonmarine
                Yes, such a wonderful post, representatives of the / on will spoil it.

                Don't give a damn about them, especially since on the territory of the Ukrainian SSR the partisan movement in 1941-1944 was estimated at 220 thousand people. as part of 53 partisan formations, 2145 partisan detachments and 1807 partisan groups
          2. Andrey Korotkov
            Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 12: 17
            +9
            Quote: tihonmarine
            Quote: Stroporez
            Glory to the Soviet Partisans!

            Glory to the partisans who fought in Belarus, and to my mother Elena Vasilievna, a fighter of the partisan "Bati Formation".

            Low bow to all those who brought our Victory closer
          3. knn54
            knn54 April 10 2021 12: 35
            +7
            Only in Belarus did the members of the partisan movement (Ponomarenko, Masherov, Mazurov) become the head of the republic after the end of the Second World War, although Panteleimon Ponomarenko headed the republic since 1938.
        2. paul3390
          paul3390 April 10 2021 11: 47
          +8
          Judging by who and how rules us now, soon the heroic experience of our ancestors may be very much in demand ...
          1. Andrey Korotkov
            Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 12: 22
            0
            Quote: paul3390
            Judging by who and how rules us now, soon the heroic experience of our ancestors may be very much in demand ...

            Speech about seaside * partisans * 2010? Or what are you in demand about? I did not understand you request
            1. paul3390
              paul3390 April 10 2021 14: 01
              +7
              About the Soviet. Who fought against the bourgeoisie for their socialist homeland.
              1. Andrey Korotkov
                Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 14: 41
                -5
                Quote: paul3390
                About the Soviet. Who fought against the bourgeoisie for their socialist homeland.

                I hope I won't see you there, as you put it, against the bourgeoisie for your socialist homeland.
          2. Speedy
            Speedy April 11 2021 00: 47
            -4
            Come on, Paul, let our trains derail. Go to the Caucasus, there is already a bandit field. Only then do not complain about fate. Although it is here you are brave.
            1. paul3390
              paul3390 April 11 2021 06: 40
              +1
              Worry about yourself. When your power will once again pull you on the kukan. However - people like you just like it. Perverts.

              And your advice - shove yourself where you usually know who you kiss ..
    2. Terenin
      Terenin April 10 2021 11: 19
      +7
      International Day of Resistance Movement:
      It was the fascists of 1939-1945.
    3. Tatyana
      Tatyana April 10 2021 11: 26
      +15
      The memory of the fearless partisans and underground fighters of the Second World War is still alive among the people.

      Noisily severely Bryansk forest.
    4. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi April 10 2021 12: 03
      +15
      Eternal memory to all who fought the Nazis.
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine April 10 2021 12: 14
        +6
        Quote: Aron Zaavi
        Eternal memory to all who fought the Nazis.

        That's it ALL! Eternal memory to them.
      2. Andrey Korotkov
        Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 12: 42
        +3
        Quote: Aaron Zawi
        Eternal memory to all who fought the Nazis.

        Yes, low bow! going to the graves of my grandparents I always see the grave of Grigorovich _ simply and capaciously Partizan. and medal
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter April 10 2021 11: 21
    +10
    Many have not resigned themselves. Organized and fought as best they could and could. Everlasting memory.
    1. Clear
      Clear April 10 2021 11: 26
      +10
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Everlasting memory.

      And Eternal Glory!
      1. xorek
        xorek April 10 2021 11: 47
        +9
        Quote: Clear
        Quote: Mountain Shooter
        Everlasting memory.

        And Eternal Glory!

        And bow to the ground! hi
  3. WHAT IS
    WHAT IS April 10 2021 11: 25
    +18
    in the USSR from 1941 to 1944. there were at least 6200 partisan detachments, in which over 1 million Soviet and foreign citizens fought.


    Both old and young rose up to fight. Eternal Glory! Eternal Memory!
  4. xorek
    xorek April 10 2021 11: 35
    +6
    Beginning in 1939, active resistance to the invaders developed in the territories occupied by Hitlerite Germany and its satellites and allies.

    Resistance unfolded when the Soviet Army began to beat the Germans, first near Moscow, then Stalingrad, etc. And more often than not, the backbone of resistance in Europe was precisely the Soviet soldiers who escaped from captivity.! Let Europe not flatter itself ..
    How many of their nameless fought in a foreign land for their homeland, destroying the Nazis and raising resistance throughout Europe ..
    Eternal memory to the fallen! hi
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 10 2021 12: 24
      +6
      Quote: xorek
      Resistance unfolded when the Soviet Army began to beat the Germans, first near Moscow, then Stalingrad, etc.
      In the initial period (July-December 1941), in the conditions of heavy battles of the Smolensk battle and battles on the distant and near approaches to Moscow, the emergence and formation of the partisan movement took place. At that time, over 40 partisan detachments, numbering more than 2000 people, were operating in the Smolensk region. After the defeat of the Nazis near Moscow, in January 1942, 63 partisan detachments with a total number of more than 20 thousand fighters operated on the territory of the region. The Dorogobuzh, Glinka, Znamensk, and Yelninsk partisans fought for five months in the same battle formations with the horse guardsmen of General P.A. Belov, and then covered their exit through the front line. The Izdeshkovsky and Semlevsky partisans acted actively in collaboration with the 8th Airborne Brigade, which landed behind enemy lines.
      1. xorek
        xorek April 10 2021 15: 24
        0
        Everything is so, if it were not for the partisans and the work of sabotage groups behind enemy lines .. There would not have been a victory, this is unambiguous! Under the enemies, the earth literally burned underfoot and so it will be with everyone who wants to taste the bodies of Russia by the teeth in the current situation .. Yes there will be many times more traitors, but we Russians will be even angrier and cunning of ALL of you soldier God bless Russia and all who are sick of her soul and are preparing to defend hi
  5. sabakina
    sabakina April 10 2021 11: 47
    +6
    The successes of the partisans in Albania are impressive: this is the only country that freed itself from the Nazi invaders on its own.
    I will not say anything for the Albanian partisans. I do not know. I know about Belarusian, Ukrainian ...
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 10 2021 16: 44
      0
      Quote: sabakina
      I will not say anything for the Albanian partisans. I do not know. I know about Belarusian, Ukrainian ...

      Under Khrushche, several books were published about the partisans of Albania, Albanian, Yugoslavian and Soviet authors, I read a couple of books. But Nikita was able to quarrel with everyone, and all communications ceased, even the Soviet orders were taken from our advisers.
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 April 10 2021 11: 54
    +7
    PEOPLE'S WAR!
    That is why they won because the whole world is ready to stand up for the Motherland.
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey April 10 2021 12: 03
      +5
      Quote: rocket757
      PEOPLE'S WAR!

      If you own the field
      In a businesslike way, we do not rent,
      And you are free to own the fruits -
      You are in your Fatherland.

      Well, suddenly across the borders
      The enemy will come to this field,
      Then you will beat
      Then you are a patriot.

      If you are a servant to the field,
      Your patriotism is ridiculous -
      Even though you have been following the plow all your life,
      You are deprived of your Fatherland.

      And the enemies of the horde will come,
      You take a lot of troubles
      For a dubious right
      Bend on the master's ridge.

      The conclusion is simple and, in short, here it is
      (the rest are wrong):
      Do you want to be called a patriot -
      Become the master of the country!

      Andrey Shigin, 2020/XNUMX/XNUMX
  7. sabakina
    sabakina April 10 2021 11: 54
    +3
    In the first photo. What kind of weapon? It looks like a PPSh, but not a PPSh ...
    1. WHAT IS
      WHAT IS April 10 2021 12: 02
      +11
      Quote: sabakina
      What kind of weapon?

      PPD
      1. sabakina
        sabakina April 10 2021 12: 11
        +4
        Great gooten morgue !. Sorry, I just remembered one fairy tale. I looked at VIKI, yes, they did such, but they did not go into the series. Where did they get them from?
    2. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 April 10 2021 14: 05
      +6
      PPD-34 (Degtyarev submachine gun)

      PPD-40

      If I am not mistaken, PPDs were mainly sent to the border troops of the NKVD.
      My great-uncle (the elder brother of my maternal grandfather) was a border guard of the 90th Vladimir-Volynsky border detachment of the NKVD troops, in the commandant's office.
      Some of the border guards organized partisan detachments. Then in 1944 he served as an operative of SMERSH in Western Ukraine.
      1. Konnick
        Konnick April 11 2021 07: 53
        +2
        Basically, partisan detachments were organized by border guards and encircled people. I like the photo of the Belarusian partisans who met the Red Army during the Bagration operation, they did not retreat, they were thin, in shabby uniforms, but some with PPD and in their caps, there would be a color photo ... but I am sure the caps are green, the heroes are border guards

        https://waralbum.ru/390276/
        I have already posted this photo, but this photo shows the heroism of our border guards. Leave the photo image of the partisan, in the form of a grandfather with a beard, on the conscience of propaganda.
  8. Vladimir Mashkov
    Vladimir Mashkov April 10 2021 12: 22
    +8
    When I worked in Sakhalin, there was a familiar head of the floating base of the KHBPTF Volodya (unfortunately I forgot my last name) - a former Belarusian partisan, a merry fellow, a joker and a crafty entertainer. He showed me a medal, told us a lot about the partisans.
    Blessed memory of the Resistance fighters, Belarusian partisans and partisan Volodya!
  9. xorek
    xorek April 10 2021 12: 24
    +5
    I already wrote guys here, but in the current world situation, I would like to lay out this song, maybe someone in the West will hear what is going on in our Russian souls, when we are being persecuted and provoked again ..? soldier

    War is dirt, sweat, blood, betrayal, wounded souls, who survived ...
    And cry of the Mothers ALL !!!!
  10. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 10 2021 12: 39
    +6
    "These days fame will never fade, never fade ... partisan detachments occupied the cities!"
    And the war did not go without humor ...


  11. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 April 10 2021 14: 02
    +4
    this was our second front! eternal memory and eternal glory!
  12. Alf
    Alf April 10 2021 14: 54
    +2
    I wonder what nits minus all Congratulations and Remembering?
    1. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 April 10 2021 15: 52
      -2
      I wonder what nits minus all Congratulations and Remembering?
      how it gritts .. "there are some freaks in the family" .... it happened that some Crimean partisan detachments of the GTBLi completely from the drain of the Tatars penetrated into these detachments .... the most advanced (Effective) partisan detachments of the Crimea did not have persons of Tatar origin ... this was confirmed in February 2014 during the defense of Crimea
      1. Overlock
        Overlock April 11 2021 14: 04
        +18
        Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
        how to grit .. "the family is not without freaks" ....

        Do you speak German, expert?



        Not any Tatars, only Germans and Romanians.
        In 41-42 years. part of the food simply "disappeared" upon receipt, then, when retreating, our troops were forced to "use
        “Discovered bases” (remember the memoirs of EI Zhidilov). Then, large warehouses were discovered by the enemy (for example, in Kiziltash). Most often, they were Romanians. Yes, some of the things that were poorly concealed were stolen by the locals. And then the Tatars.
        Around the partisan region, in 1942, a hostile ring of foothill villages was formed. And, the point here is not at all in the Tatars. There were repressed, dispossessed and other anti-Soviet elements.
        I don't shield the Crimean Tatars, remember the state farm "Krasny" and Dubki!
    2. Catfish
      Catfish April 10 2021 18: 00
      +1
      Basil hi , but you yourself have defined that it is Mr. and yes.
      1. Alf
        Alf April 10 2021 18: 03
        0
        Quote: Sea Cat
        Basil hi , but you yourself have defined that it is Mr. and yes.

        That's right, I just want to see the answer to the question - Gulchatay, open your face. But no, although the charter of the VO clearly states this on this matter.

        But for non-fulfillment of this item, the admins keep a proud silence.
        Good evening !
        1. Catfish
          Catfish April 10 2021 18: 20
          +3
          Good evening! hi
          -Gulchatay! Show your face.

          Lepers are ashamed of their image. laughing negative
          1. Alf
            Alf April 10 2021 22: 11
            +1
            Quote: Sea Cat
            Good evening! hi
            -Gulchatay! Show your face.

            Lepers are ashamed of their image. laughing negative

            In, one such creature surfaced again.
  13. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 10 2021 17: 20
    -1
    Glory to the people's avengers, real war heroes.
  14. Catfish
    Catfish April 10 2021 18: 02
    0
    There were different people, but they did everything as best they could, one thing. Low bow to all. soldier