Military Review

German Blitzkrieg in Yugoslavia

55
German Blitzkrieg in Yugoslavia
Wehrmacht soldiers on the armor of the captured Yugoslav tank Renault R35. Sarajevo area. April 1941


Strategic vulnerability of Yugoslavia


The strategic position of Yugoslavia in connection with the entry of German troops into Bulgaria became extremely unfavorable. In the north and east (Austria, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria) there were German troops and armies allied to the Reich (Hungary). Greece, which bordered Yugoslavia in the south, was at war with Italy. From the western direction Italian troops could threaten.

Churchill suggested that Belgrade immediately and preemptively strike Albania. Thus, the Yugoslavs could eliminate the Italian threat in the rear, join forces with the Greeks, seize rich trophies and somewhat improve the operational position to fight Germany. However, Simovich's cabinet did not realize that the war was on the verge, and did not want to provoke a conflict with Hitler.

During the First World War, the Serbs showed themselves to be excellent warriors. However, the Yugoslav army was not ready for war. Its number reached 1 million people, but the general mobilization began already during the war and was not completed. About a third of the conscripts did not have time to appear at the recruiting centers, or did not come (in Croatia). Most of the divisions and regiments did not have full staff and did not manage to occupy the concentration areas in accordance with the defense plan.

The General Staff planned to wage a war from defense and deploy three army groups: 1st Army Group (4th and 7th armies) - defense of the northwestern direction, Croatia; 2nd Army Group (1st, 2nd and 6th Armies) - northeastern direction, border with Hungary and Romania, defense of the capital region; 3rd Army Group (3rd and 5th Armies) - southern part of the country, defense of the border with Albania and Bulgaria. Each army consisted of several divisions, that is, it was, rather, an army corps. In service there were more than 400 aircraft (half outdated), more than 100 tanks (mostly outdated and light). The anti-tank and air defense was extremely weak.


After the Belgrade coup, Hitler immediately held a military conference. He said that the attack on Russia would have to be postponed. Yugoslavia is now viewed as an enemy and must be defeated as quickly as possible. To inflict concentric strikes from the Fiume, Graz area and from the Sofia area in the direction of Belgrade and to the south, destroy the Yugoslav armed forces. Cut off the southern part of the country and use it as a springboard for an attack on Greece. The Air Force was to destroy Yugoslav airfields and the capital with continuous day and night bombing. The ground forces, whenever possible, began an operation against Greece with the task of capturing the area of ​​Thessaloniki and advancing to Olympus.

The offensive from Bulgaria, north of Sofia, was carried out by a larger group to the north-west, towards Nis - Belgrade, the rest of the forces - from the area south of Sofia (Kyustendil) to Skopje. For this operation, all the troops in Romania and Bulgaria were used. To protect the oil fields of Romania, only one division and air defense forces were left. The Turkish border was covered by Bulgarian troops; if necessary, one German tank division could support them. For the development of the offensive through the southern part of Yugoslavia, the troops had to be regrouped and reinforced, and some of the divisions had to be transferred by rail. Therefore, the beginning of the operation was postponed for several days.

After the German plans were approved, the Fuhrer, in a letter to Mussolini on the evening of March 27, 1941, announced that he was expecting help from Italy. At the same time, he "warmly asked" not to undertake operations from Albania and with all available forces to cover the most important passages on the Yugoslav-Albanian border in order to prevent possible complications. He also proposed to strengthen the grouping of troops on the Yugoslav-Italian border as soon as possible. The Italian Duce replied that he had given an order to stop offensive operations in Albania, and that 6 divisions would be transferred to the eastern border, where there were already 7 divisions.


Royal Palace ("Old Courtyard") in Belgrade, destroyed by German aerial bombs


Passers-by at the royal palace destroyed by German bombing in Belgrade


Motorcyclists of the Wehrmacht field gendarmerie, one of the first to enter Belgrade


German dive bomber Ju-87 flies accompanied by Italian fighter G. 50 "Freccia"

The beginning of the disaster


On April 6, 1941, Berlin announced that German troops had entered Greece and Yugoslavia to drive the British out of Europe.

The Germans accused Athens and Belgrade of having committed a number of acts hostile to Germany. A criminal conspiratorial clique is allegedly operating in Yugoslavia, and Greece has allowed Britain to create a new front in Europe. Now the patience of the Reich is over, and the British will be expelled. Italy, which was already at war with Greece, joined the war between the Germans and Yugoslavia.

The Yugoslav command planned to defend itself in the north and east and, in cooperation with the Greeks, defeat the Italians in Albania. This was the wrong decision. From a military-strategic point of view, the Yugoslavs could drag out the war and create a united front with the Greeks and British in the only way. Leave most of the country, including the capital and major cities, and withdraw troops to the south, southwest. Unite with the Greek army, fight in remote mountainous areas. However, such a difficult decision turned out to be unacceptable for the Yugoslav elite. In Belgrade, a different decision was made, which led to the almost instant defeat of the armed forces and the fall of the country. And the losses of the Wehrmacht during the campaign were minimal (less than 600 people).

On the night of April 5-6, 1941, German reconnaissance and sabotage groups crossed the Yugoslav border, attacking border guards, capturing important points and bridges. Early in the morning, aircraft of the 4th Air Force began their attacks. fleet Luftwaffe. 150 bombers, under the cover of fighters, attacked the Yugoslav capital. Also, the Germans bombed the most important airfields in the areas of Skopje, Kumanov, Niš, Zagreb and Ljubljana. Also, the Germans bombed communication centers, communications, disrupting the deployment of the Yugoslav army.

The Yugoslavs were able to shoot down several German aircraft, but lost dozens of vehicles in the air and on the ground. In general, the Yugoslav Air Force was disorganized and lost its combat effectiveness. The German Air Force rampaged over the Serbian capital for several days. There was no air defense in Belgrade, German bombers were flying at low altitude. They left behind heaps of ruins and 17 thousand dead, even more wounded, crippled.

Dozens of Italian aircraft also took part in the attacks. The Italian fleet blocked the coast of Yugoslavia. On April 7, the Italian 2nd Army launched an offensive against Ljubljana and along the coast. The 9th Italian Army in Albania was concentrated on the Yugoslav border, creating a threat of invasion, and did not allow the Yugoslav command to remove some of the troops from this direction and transfer them against the Germans.

On April 5, List's 12th army completed the regrouping and on the 6th began hostilities simultaneously against Greece and Yugoslavia. Its divisions in three places crossed the border of Bulgaria and began to move towards the Vardar River. On the southern flank, mobile units advancing along the Strumitsa River valley reached Lake Doiran and turned towards Thessaloniki to strike on the western flank of the Greek East Macedonian army. One infantry division advanced to the river. Vardar, on April 7, mobile units occupied an important communications center of Skopje. As a result, within two days, the troops of the 3rd Yugoslav Special Army were dispersed and operational freedom was ensured for the divisions that operated against Greece. And Yugoslavia lost the ability to withdraw the army to the south to unite with the Greeks.


German armored personnel carrier Sd.Kfz.251 of the 14th Army Corps drives past a column of Pz.Kpfw II tanks and a burning truck in the Yugoslav city of Nis. April 9, 1941


Yugoslavian prisoners of war pass next to a burning truck on a street in Niš. The photo was taken from the armored vehicles of the 14th corps.

The collapse and death of the army


At that time, only local operations were carried out on the remaining sectors of the front, since the 2nd German Army had not yet completed its deployment.

On April 8, 1941, the second stage of the offensive began. The decisive battles took place first in three areas: in the south - in the Skopje region, on the eastern border and in the northwest. In the south, mobile units turned west of Lake Doiran to Thessaloniki. The troops advancing in the valley of the river. Bregalnica and Skopje, sent one panzer division also south, to Prilep. On April 10, the Germans established contact with the Italians at Lake Ohrid. Then they moved to the west north of Lake Ohrid in order to alleviate the position of the Italian army, which, under the onslaught of the Yugoslav troops, gradually retreated across the Drin River. Other troops, which turned north from Skopje, met strong resistance from the enemy and could not break him until the end of the campaign.

On the other hand, the attack of the 1st Panzer Group of Kleist, advancing from the area southwest of Sofia against the southern flank of the 5th Yugoslav Army, was crowned with complete success. The Nazis attacked on both sides of the Sofia-Niš railway, with the effective support of large artillery and aviation... The offensive developed rapidly, on the very first day the Germans broke through the Yugoslav defenses. The Yugoslav command began to withdraw troops beyond the river. Morava, but this plan was not fully implemented. On April 9, the Nazis broke into Nis and developed a breakthrough northward along the Morava Valley, to Belgrade. Part of the troops turned south-west, towards Pristina.

The 1st Panzer Group acted quickly and boldly, the Germans passed through the valley of the river within three days. Morava through the thick of the Yugoslav troops, which partly retreated beyond the Morava, and partly were still located east of the river. On the evening of April 11, German tanks reached Belgrade from the southeast. Here the Nazis ran into the southern flank of the retreating 6th Yugoslav Army and crushed it. On April 12, German mobile units were stationed at the heights south of Belgrade. The 5th and 6th Yugoslav armies, the front of which had been broken through, were so disorganized and demoralized that they could not organize resistance on new lines, detain the German mobile formations that had separated from the infantry divisions, and intercept their communications in the Nis-Belgorod sector.

The rapid decomposition of the Yugoslav troops began, the Serbs still resisted, and the Croats, Macedonians and Slovenes added weapon... In Croatia and Slovenia, local nationalists sided with the Germans. On April 11, Hungarian troops launched an offensive, and the Italians occupied Ljubljana. On April 13, the Hungarians occupied Novi Sad.


Column of Italian soldiers on the march along the street of the Yugoslav city


Italian soldiers armed with 6,5mm Moschetto per Cavalleria M1891 carbines in truck bodies during a parade in Belgrade


Yugoslavian prisoners of war at the assembly point


A column of Yugoslav prisoners on a march along a mountain road

Fall of Belgrade


Weichs' 2nd Army, deployed in Austria and Hungary, occupied the lands located north of the Drava River. Then the western flank of the 2nd Army advanced south. The 46th Motorized Corps, located in Hungary, with a bold attack captured the bridge over the Drava in the Barch region and created a foothold for a further breakthrough. After that, one panzer division went southwest to Zagreb, and two other divisions (panzer and motorized) to Belgrade.

These attacks were enough to cause panic and collapse in parts of the 4th and 7th Yugoslav armies, formed mainly from Croats. In some places, revolts of Croatian nationalists began. On April 10, they revolted in Zagreb and helped the 46th Corps take the city. Croats announced the creation of an independent state. This contributed to the disorganization and collapse of the coordinated resistance of the Yugoslav army in Croatia and Slovakia.

While Kleist's tanks were stationed south of Belgrade, the advance detachments of the mobile formation from the 2nd Army on the evening of April 12 reached the Serbian capital from the northwest. On April 13, the Nazis occupied the Serbian capital without a fight. From Zagreb and Belgrade, the Germans launched an offensive to the south.


Burning house on Terazije Square in Belgrade after a German air raid


Motorcyclists of the motorized SS division "Reich" on a street in Belgrade


Hungarian soldiers at the destroyed road bridge over the Danube River in the Yugoslav city of Novi Sad. The Petrovaradin Fortress is visible in the background

Country pogrom


The Yugoslav command, after the loss of Croatia, the Skopje and Nis area, hoped to hold at least one key area, which in the south covered the region of Kosovo and Metohija, in the east it was bounded by the Morava and Belgrade rivers, in the north by the Sava river. In this area, the Yugoslav army was to give a decisive battle. However, this plan could not be carried out. In connection with the rapid advance of the enemy, the collapse of the entire defense, the collapse of the armed forces, some of which began to go over to the side of the Germans.

The German command did not give the enemy time to recover, create new lines of defense, or even retreat in an orderly manner. The remnants of the 4th and 7th Yugoslav armies withdrew to the southeast across the river Una. To pursue them in the direction of Sarajevo from Zagreb, a tank division was advanced. The troops of the second echelon of the 2nd German army pressed the remnants of the 2nd Yugoslav army across the Sava river. In the area west of Belgrade, the 46th corps on the evening of April 13 turned to Sarajevo and dealt a deep blow to the flank and rear of the 6th Yugoslav Army, which retreated from the eastern border and took up defenses south of Belgrade with a front to the east. The battles east of the Morava River also ended. Moving from the Nis - Belgrade line to the west and southwest, the Nazis finished off the retreating troops of the 5th Yugoslav Army.


The commander of the 1st Panzer Group of the Wehrmacht, Colonel-General Ewald von Kleist, takes a parade of German troops in Belgrade. April 14, 1941


Yugoslav prisoners of war in a camp near Belgrade


Two Italian officers inspect captured Czech-made 47mm Yugoslavian cannons. In the center of the photo - Brandt's 81-mm mortars

On April 15, German divisions occupied Yayce, Kraljevo and Sarajevo. It was a complete disaster.

The head of government, General Simovic, resigned on April 14 and flew to Athens with his family on the 15th, and from there to London. The government and the king also left the country. Simovich transferred the powers of the commander-in-chief to the head of the General Staff Kalafatovich. The general was empowered to negotiate peace. Kalafatovich immediately began negotiations with Weichs and received an answer that it could only be a complete surrender.

April 17 at 9 a.m. Kalafatovich gave the order to surrender the army. This order, with some time difference, was carried out everywhere. On the same day, an armistice agreement was signed in Belgrade, which provided for unconditional surrender and entered into force on April 30.

Meanwhile, the Germans and Italians continued to move, occupying the entire country. On April 17, the Italian army occupied Dubrovnik.

During the campaign, the Yugoslav army lost about 5 thousand people killed, over 340 thousand soldiers surrendered. Another 30 thousand surrendered to the Italians. These figures show that the country and the people were not ready for war. The resistance level was low. The Serbs began the real struggle after the occupation.

Thus, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia ceased to exist.

Its territories were divided. Germany received Northern Slovenia; Italy - South Slovenia and Dalmatia; Italian Albania - Kosovo and Metohija, West Macedonia and part of Montenegro; Bulgaria - North Macedonia, eastern regions of Serbia; Hungary - Vojvodina, northeastern Slovenia. The Independent State of Croatia (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, part of Slovenia) was formed, ruled by the Nazis-Ustashi, oriented towards Hitler; Kingdom of Montenegro - Italian protectorate; and the Republic of Serbia under the control of the German military (it included the central part of Serbia and the eastern Banat). Serbia became a raw material appendage of the Third Reich.


Partition of Yugoslavia between Nazi Germany and its allies
Author:
Photos used:
http://waralbum.ru/
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. April 9 2021 05: 20
    +3
    Weak government, generals without the will to fight the Nazis are the basis for the success of the Wehrmacht blitzkrieg.
    Where commanders fought competently and with ferocity, the Germans usually suffered heavy losses.
    The territory of the Bulgarian brothers was used by Hitler for an attack on Yugoslavia ... many years later, history repeated itself again with an attack on Yugoslavia by NATO and the United States.
    1. pytar
      pytar April 9 2021 09: 28
      +11
      Where commanders fought competently and with ferocity, the Germans usually suffered heavy losses.

      The Germans lost less than 600 people killed and wounded. There is no need to talk about big losses anywhere. Consequently, the places where the Yugoslav army actually put up resistance can be counted on the fingers of the hand.
      The territory of the Bulgarian brothers was used by Hitler to attack Yugoslavia ...

      The wars between Bulgaria and Serbia have a long history dating back to the 7th century. These two Slavic, Orthodox peoples, close in language and culture, turned out to be sworn enemies. In modern history, from the period 1885 to 1945 / only 60 years old / they fought among themselves 4 times, and during the period from 1913 to 1918 2 times! There is only one reason - the borders were drawn by external forces, not considering ethnic borders.
      many years later, history repeated itself again with the attack on Yugoslavia by NATO and the United States.

      During the first and second Yugoslav wars in the 90s, Bulgaria found itself neutral. The Bulgarian territory was not used by NATO. The NATO Air Force used the airspace of Greece, Macedonia, Albania and countries northwest of Yugoslavia. Bulgaria allowed the use of air corridors for NATO forces, alone in an emergency and in the direction only from Yugoslavia! That is, only if the NATO plane received an accident / defeat was it allowed to go in the direction of Bulgaria, after submitting a request from the NATO command to the Bulgarian authorities! Since it was physically impossible to follow the procedure in a real fast-paced battle, for all the time this formal opportunity was never used. The Bulgarian authorities did not allow NATO / attack / flights in the direction of Yugoslavia. But there were cases of massive violation of the Bulgarian airspace by the NATO Air Force, there were also a couple of cases when Yugoslav airplanes flew 5-10 km while maneuvering. across the border. Bulgarian radar recorded these cases, but no command was given to shoot down the violators. Neutrality of the Bulgarian authorities, motivated by "historically difficult relations between both countries." hi
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 13: 05
          +1
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          Bulgaria showed once again its true face: jackals, who got a roof and rushed to lick the ass of another gentleman.

          Why are you so sausage, Sergeev? Why is this obese rudeness? You, my dear, somehow remind Sobakevich - all swindlers and Christ-sellers. One honest man is a prosecutor, and that one is a pig.
          1. pytar
            pytar April 9 2021 13: 18
            +1
            Why are you so sausage, Sergeev? Why is this obese rudeness?

            Unfortunately, there are individuals projecting their subconscious intimate desires on the forums. This behavior is favored by the anonymity of the Internet. These are people who are incapable of normal communication. hi
            1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 13: 57
              -1
              Quote: pytar
              Unfortunately, there are individuals

              yes, I see, I see) The herd has already unbuttoned its fly and got the minuses. laughing
              1. pytar
                pytar April 9 2021 14: 24
                +3
                yes, I see, I see) The herd has already unbuttoned its fly and got the minuses.

                The idea came! For an invention! For lovers of minus a special keyboard! Not even all the other symbols are needed! bully
                1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                  Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 14: 26
                  0
                  Quote: pytar
                  not even all the other symbols are needed!

                  and where is the button "complaint to the administrator" ??
                  1. pytar
                    pytar April 9 2021 14: 32
                    +2
                    and where is the button "complaint to the administrator" ??

                    Here yeah ... recourse It can be placed on the left with a size like a minus button! And in the middle of the letters there is no point, just a couple of buttons with simple ready-made expressions, you know ... and that's it! They will be happy ... although "happiness" with them has a slightly different meaning! bully
                    I see I liked my idea, the development team was formed! good
      2. Andrey Korotkov
        Andrey Korotkov April 9 2021 18: 41
        +2
        I agree, Yugoslavia tried to sit on ... next to standing chairs, the Triple Pact or Union (forgot).
    2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 09: 34
      -4
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      was used by Hitler to attack Yugoslavia ... many years later, history repeated itself again with the NATO attack on Yugoslavia

      This is yes. laughing
      1. pytar
        pytar April 9 2021 14: 12
        +1
        Yes, it is not very clear, where is the dark, where is the light side! Everything is in the gloom! laughing
        1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 14: 14
          -2
          Quote: pytar
          Yes, it is not very clear, where is the dark, where is the light side! Everything is in the gloom!

          laughing It is also an option.
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar April 9 2021 18: 47
            +3
            For me, the real Bulgarian is Maria Bokalova / Sagdieva. And the real Kazakh is his father, Sasha Baron Borat. fellow
    3. The comment was deleted.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 9 2021 05: 28
    +8
    Yugoslavia did not have a single chance: Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary from all sides, plus the treachery of the Croats and Slovenes.

    And the state turned out to be loose ...
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. April 9 2021 05: 32
      +3
      The interior of Yugoslavia turned out to be loose, like that of France.
      But the Franks were much stronger militarily, and nevertheless Hitler defeated this country in a few months.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich April 9 2021 06: 11
        +5
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        The interior of Yugoslavia turned out to be loose, like that of France.

        France was much more monolithic than patchwork Yugoslavia
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        But the Franks were much stronger militarily, and nevertheless Hitler defeated this country for a few months.

        in a month he defeated it. The French did not want to fight, they had enough PMA.

        And the Serbs proved themselves to be excellent fighters in WWII. Their failures in the spring of 41 are, first of all, a consequence of the disgusting command ...
    2. knn54
      knn54 April 9 2021 08: 31
      +5
      Andrei, to the point. Yugoslavia actually fought on five fronts.
      Well, and without the "fifth column" was not without. As well as with France.
      The barbaric bombing of Belgrade (as the British would do with Dresden later) psychologically broke. Serbs.
      And the overthrow of the regent Pavel began with thousands of demonstrations under the slogans "Union with Russia!", "Fight for Stalin!", "Better a war than a pact."
      1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 10: 53
        +2
        Quote: knn54
        And the overthrow of the regent Pavel began with thousands of demonstrations under the slogans "Union with Russia!", "Fight for Stalin!", "Better a war than a pact."

        Well, the slogans of the March 26 demonstrations are well known - Better war than a pact !, Better to die than become a slave! There is no war without the Serbs!... After the coup on March 27, the communists (who, by the way, did not take part in the coup) launched the pro-Soviet slogans "Pact with Russia", "Fraternal Soviet Union" and "Belgrade-Moscow-Soyuz". But about the calls Into the battle for Stalin! - this is something new, to be honest. Stalin, in fact, did not fight the Reich in March 1941. Perhaps the wording "Into battle instead Stalin "?
      2. pytar
        pytar April 9 2021 11: 31
        0
        And the overthrow of the regent Pavel began with thousands of demonstrations under the slogans "Union with Russia!", "Fight for Stalin!", "Better a war than a pact."

        Like a colleague Paragraph Epitafievich Y mentioned that the communists had nothing to do with the coup!

        After the coup on March 27, the communists (who, by the way, did not take part in the coup) launched the pro-Soviet slogans "Pact with Russia", "Fraternal Soviet Union" and "Belgrade-Moscow-Soyuz". But about the calls to the battle for Stalin! - this is something new, to be honest. Stalin, in fact, did not fight the Reich in March 1941.

        At that time, up to June 22, 1941, the communists observed the line of neutrality, in accordance with the policy of Stalin and the Comintern. This is not only in Yugoslavia, but also in all other countries. Of course, not all were in agreement, therefore, disagreements arose among the communist parties. hi
    3. pytar
      pytar April 9 2021 09: 35
      +1
      ... plus the betrayal of the Croats and Slovenes.

      Why "betrayal" ??? For Croats and Slovenians, as well as for other non-Serbian peoples, the power of Belgrade was alien!
      And the state turned out to be loose ...

      And this is the truth! Moreover, the SFRY turned out to be so loose later! It is impossible to collect in a bag the peoples who do not want this! No matter how you keep them, when a crisis situation occurs, the leakage of the bag comes out immediately!
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich April 9 2021 12: 34
        +2
        Quote: pytar
        For Croats and Slovenians, as well as for other non-Serbian peoples, the power of Belgrade was alien!

        they swore allegiance to Yugoslavia.
        1. pytar
          pytar April 9 2021 13: 11
          -1
          they swore allegiance to Yugoslavia.

          They swore an oath, but where are they going? Go to jail? When someone is forced to take an oath and it is forced, its cost is zero! No.
          In the history of Yugoslavia there have been examples of outright refusal to swear allegiance to the kingdom. On April 10.04.1914, 2200, at XNUMX Kragujevac, Bulgarian recruits from Macedonia refuse to take the oath of office in the Serbian army. The priest barely managed to pronounce the name of the King of Sebra, Peter, when the recruits drowned him out with uninterrupted "Hooray" and "Yes, Bulgaria is more alive! "... To the threats of the Serbian commanders, the typesetters answered: "Kill us, there is someone who will avenge us!".
          And the revenge was not late ...
      2. Kwas
        Kwas April 13 2021 14: 35
        0
        Quote: pytar
        It is impossible to collect in a bag the peoples who do not want this! No matter how you keep them, when a crisis situation occurs, the leakage of the bag comes out immediately!

        If the state preaches nationalism at the same time, of course. Or if at the same time, instead of protecting the people, it protects the interests of its insignificant minority. But if the state protects people regardless of nationality, the invaders have a hard time!
    4. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 12: 20
      0
      Quote: Olgovich
      Yugoslavia did not have a single chance: Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary from all sides, plus the treachery of the Croats and Slovenes.

      In fact, the Yugas rolled out to Hitler such conditions for their accession to the Pact that at least stand, at least fall - nonparticipation Kyu in the war, non-pass the Wehrmacht through its territory and - cherry - the receipt of Thessaloniki after the war, in which the Yugas were not going to participate. A shitty attempt to avoid war. Hitler "thought" for two weeks and on March 20 accepted Paul's conditions, and on the 24th the German agents reported to Ambassador von Heeren about the upcoming coup. Of course, no one began to prevent this incident of belli.
    5. Andrey Korotkov
      Andrey Korotkov April 9 2021 18: 47
      +2
      National question! Wherever he was, there was a revolution, in one way or another.
  3. apro
    apro April 9 2021 05: 40
    +2
    On the one hand, this German march turned out to be a boon for the USSR, both in terms of time factors and in dispersing forces.
    1. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona April 9 2021 08: 55
      +3
      On the other hand, Hitler increased his economy, resource base, added manpower and eliminated a possible enemy in the rear.
      1. apro
        apro April 9 2021 10: 06
        -2
        Quote: BlackMokona
        and eliminated a possible enemy in the rear

        That the troops had to be kept to maintain the occupation regime.
        1. Blackmokona
          Blackmokona April 9 2021 10: 20
          +2
          And did you keep a lot there?
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 11: 44
            +1
            Quote: BlackMokona
            And did you keep a lot there?

            yes, in numerous Yugoslav films of the 70s, Tito's partisans mow down entire divisions of the Wehrmacht)
            List in the 12th army after the April blitzkrieg had 4 corps and 12 divisions (of which 4 were tank). But after a couple of months, with the beginning of Barbarossa, almost everything was taken from Liszt, leaving only two mountain divisions in Crete and Athens, one infantry regiment and one infantry division in Thessaloniki. But there were created 3 occupation divisions of the 65th special corps of Paul Bader (not the army 65th, created in the 43rd in Northern France), consisting of German reservists "15th draft". Of course, they did not represent any value for the front, they were armed and supplied on a leftover basis. Well, let's say, the 12th tank regiment was armed with 30 Yugoslav Renault FT - laughter to the chickens. In general, the usual rear guard units with officers - WWI veterans, not even suitable for counter-guerrilla warfare.
      2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 12: 02
        +1
        Quote: BlackMokona
        and eliminated a possible enemy in the rear

        the "enemy in the rear" was mainly engaged in the civil war.
  4. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
    Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 08: 41
    +2
    Oh, yes, the capture of Belgrade is the legendary story of Hauptsturmführer Fritz Klingenberg, who with a detachment of ten people, ignoring the order of the general. Reinhard of the Das Reich division about a one-day vacation on the northern bank of the Danube, went on an unauthorized sortie to Belgrade. Storytellers from Wikipedia operate with a mythologized version of this episode - with shootings, tricks with dressing up, etc. officials from the German embassy and the military attaché took part in the Belgrade administration. Be that as it may, the fact remains that the bluff of the brave Hauptsturmführer, who introduced himself as a regiment commander for the greater exacerbation, was quite a success. In the photo he is with Paul Hausser:

    Н
  5. iouris
    iouris April 9 2021 11: 59
    +3
    The main thing is that Hitler's Yugoslav campaign made it possible to delay the war against the USSR. Not much, but this delayed the date of the appearance of the Germans near Moscow. So we should pay tribute to those politicians and officers of the Yugoslav army who carried out the coup and entered the war with Hitler. The Serbs paid a huge price for the liberation of the country from the Nazis and their accomplices, and made a significant contribution to the victory of the Allies.
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 9 2021 12: 45
      +6
      Quote: iouris
      The main thing is that Hitler's Yugoslav campaign made it possible to delay the war against the USSR .... So one should pay tribute to those politicians and officers of the Yugoslav army who carried out a coup and entered the war with Hitler.

      Well, yes, well, yes ... First of all, gratitude should be expressed to the Greeks. Instead of surrendering, which was expected of them, they said “Ohi!”, It was they who resisted from October 40th to May 41st and fought for real, and it was they who, with their resistance, forced Hitler to save the Duce's ass instead of concentrating on Barbarossa. However, the word to the Fuhrer himself (as retold by Leni Riefenstahl):
      Italy's entry into the war turned out to be a disaster for us. If the Italians had not attacked Greece and they did not need our help, the war would have taken a different turn, we would have managed to capture Leningrad and Moscow before the onset of Russian frosts
      You can disagree with him, of course, but the month lost in the Balkans and in Greece could greatly change the course of the campaign in the East.
      So, if you build a chain of events, then you need to start not from April 6, 1941, but from October 28, 1940, I suppose.
      1. Liam
        Liam April 9 2021 13: 04
        -4
        Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        a month lost in the Balkans and Greece could have made a great difference in the course of the campaign in the East.

        When was the plan for the capture of Greece by the Wehrmacht adopted and what time frame did it provide for the operation?
        Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        You can disagree with him

        Mozheo and it is necessary.This is nothing more than a bike
        1. VS
          VS April 10 2021 19: 20
          +1
          Quote: Liam
          When was the plan for the capture of Greece by the Wehrmacht adopted and what time frame did it provide for the operation?
          Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          You can disagree with him

          Mozheo and it is necessary.This is nothing more than a bike


          not a bike)) Everything is simpler - at the end of the war Hitler was really worried that because of Mussolini he attacked the SSR not in May but in June)) BUT - in those days when he signed up for Greece and the help of Mussolini, he hardly had any doubts that he will end the SSR easily and quickly))) Ie. in the fall of the 40th or in December of the 40th - when he signed up for Marita BEFORE Barbarossa - he did not worry - he was sure that he would end the SSR easily and quickly)))
          1. Liam
            Liam April 10 2021 19: 41
            +2
            Quote: V.S.

            not a bike)

            Bike in the sense that grieving for a couple of weeks in a war that lasted 4 years is nonsense. Nothing would change radically anyway.
            Quote: V.S.
            when he BEFORE Barbarossa signed up for Marita

            The goals and timing of Marita are clearly indicated in the preamble of Directive 20, which at the time was naturally earlier than Directive 21 (which is Barbarossa) and did not affect the timing of the latter in any way. In addition to the goals specified in the directive - to knock the British out of the last continental bridgehead and secure the oil fields in Romania, Marita (with the almost simultaneous landing of Rommel in Africa) played a huge positive strategic role for Barbarossa, namely, covering the Wehrmacht's deployment for an attack on the USSR. ..all our plans are for the fight against England. And the same troops in Romania are for this. We do not think of anything else. What the General Staff of the Red Army and Comrade Stalin personally were led head over heels and remained until the last moment in the holy confidence that until the complete defeat the British will not be at war.
            Yugoslavia did not play any role in the "delay" at all. It was captured by a group created to attack Greece along the way. The Yugoslavs, apart from drawing posters, did not put up any resistance and surrendered instantly.
            As for the role of Italy in this episode. The Greek campaign was definitely mediocre. But everyone somehow forgets that the lightning success of the Wehrmacht in Greece is largely due to the Italians. The Greek army suffered heavy losses in winter and was practically all concentrated on the Albanian front against the Italians. Therefore the Wehrmacht's blow "in the back" from the Bulgarian direction took them completely by surprise and could not provide any serious resistance. For the Wehrmacht it was a walk in essence. So one can speculate who helped whom more, the Germans and the Italians, or vice versa.
            1. VS
              VS April 11 2021 10: 48
              -2
              Quote: Liam
              not a bike)

              Bike in the sense that grieving for a couple of weeks in a war that lasted 4 years is nonsense. Nothing would change radically anyway.

              not quite so - in the summer of 41, every week BEFORE the autumn mud was important))) again - from May 13, the RGK armies began to move towards the Dvina and the Dnieper, and these armies met the Germans (which attacked on June 22) when the Pavlov Korobkovs crumbled still at the place of their deployment ... And if the Germans had attacked on June 1, the Germans would have shot these armies in wagons from the air. guided ... That is, the Germans could not stupidly attack in May and this issue was resolved Before Hitler signed Barbarossa))
            2. VS
              VS April 11 2021 10: 55
              -2
              Quote: Liam
              The objectives and timing of Marita are clearly indicated in the preamble of Directive 20, which at the time was naturally before Directive 21 (which is Barbarossa) and did not affect the timing of the latter.

              )) I show this in my books)))

              Quote: Liam
              e same troops in Romania, for this. We do not think of anything else. What the General Staff of the Red Army and personally Comrade Stalin were led head over heels and remained until the last moment in the holy confidence that there would be no war until the complete defeat of the British.

              but this is complete STUPIDITY))) This fool was launched by the scoundrel Meretskov and the same Stadnyuk "legitimized" her in the book "War", which MOLOTOV spat to Stadnyuk, to which Stadnyuk made excuses - they say that Merentskov told me and what they say is wrong with that? ? ((But the book was already out and it didn't work out to correct this FALSE .. and then all sorts of ignoramuses began to replicate it))

              But this is really a LIE ..)) and the events of the pre-war days, if you KNOW them in detail, this is quite shown .. Read the work of the VNU General Staff from 1992 - "1941 - lessons and conclusions)))

              Quote: Liam
              Yugoslavia did not play any role in the "delay" at all. It was captured by a group created to attack Greece along the way. The Yugoslavs, apart from drawing posters, did not put up any resistance and surrendered instantly.

              the operation in Yugoslavia met the time frame allotted for Greece completely)))
          2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 10 2021 19: 56
            -1
            Quote: V.S.
            when he BEFORE Barbarossa

            Marx has been developing Fritz since the summer of 40. The priorities were set.
            1. Liam
              Liam April 10 2021 20: 26
              0
              Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Priorities

              Directive 31.


              OKH Directive (Barbarossa). 31th of January 1941
              High Command of the Ground Forces
              General base.
              Operations department.
              No. 050/41.
              The headquarters of the main command of the ground forces

              November 31.1.41, XNUMX

              30 copies

              2nd copy

              Owls secretly.

              For command only.

              DIRECTIVE
              BY STRATEGIC FOCUS
              AND DEPLOYMENT OF TROOPS
              (PLAN "BARBAROSS")


              .........

              In order to preserve secrecy, the deployment of these headquarters should be carried out in the areas of the headquarters of the troops of Army Group B or armies already located in the East.

              c) At the third stage (from April to early May), the command of the army groups and armies take over the zones assigned to them in accordance with the directive for concentration, observing first the measures of camouflage.

              Preparatory work must be carried out in such a way so that the offensive (day "B") can be started on 21.6
              .
              On January 31, the date of the start of the offensive on the USSR-21.6 was announced.
              Before the operation in Greece, another 2,5 months ... There are documents and there are stories
              1. VS
                VS April 11 2021 10: 43
                -2
                Quote: Liam
                On January 31, the date of the start of the offensive on the USSR-21.6 was announced.
                Before the operation in Greece, another 2,5 months ... There are documents and there are stories

                a little wrong - the plan of showdowns with Greece (Marita) had a number - №20))) and Barbarosa - №21))
              2. VS
                VS April 11 2021 10: 55
                -2
                Quote: Liam
                Directive 31.


                OKH Directive (Barbarossa). January 31, 1941

                not a secret - WHERE is the text of the dir. Did they take Brauchitsch?))
                1. Liam
                  Liam April 11 2021 11: 00
                  0
                  Not a secret)
                  http://doc20vek.ru/node/2840
                  1. VS
                    VS April 12 2021 12: 29
                    -2
                    Quote: Liam
                    Not a secret)
                    http://doc20vek.ru/node/2840


                    ))) https://liewar.ru/knigi-o-vojne/348-1941-god-uroki-i-vyvody.html))

                    in due time I am this deer. Brauchitsch added in full to the lessons and posted here)))
                  2. VS
                    VS April 12 2021 12: 46
                    -2
                    Quote: Liam
                    Not a secret)
                    http://doc20vek.ru/node/2840

                    https://liewar.ru/knigi-o-vojne/348-1941-god-uroki-i-vyvody.html

                    I am this deer. Brauchitsch at one time added to the lessons and posted here)))
            2. VS
              VS April 11 2021 10: 41
              -2
              in JULY 40th Hitler announced the task - we attack the SSR and it is better to do it in May) BUT! The development and approval of the plan are different things))) The hoteliers and quite correct Hitler in July received their correction in the fall and as a result - the date was definitively and irrevocably determined - January 31, 41st))

              And the fact that Hitler THEN worried and spat on Mussolini - it was he who spat in the 45th and in the 40th he did not worry and he really could not get away ANYWHERE)) He stupidly needed to remove the British from the Balkans BEFORE he climbed on USSR - so as not to have a problem in the ass with the British that they will shit on anyone, definitely if they are not removed from the Balkans - from Greece in the first place ..
      2. VS
        VS April 10 2021 19: 11
        -1
        Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        First of all, gratitude should be expressed to the Greeks. Instead of surrendering, which was expected of them, they said “Ohi!”, It was they who resisted from October 40th to May 41st and fought for real, and it was they who, with their resistance, forced Hitler to save the Duce's ass instead of concentrating on Barbarossa. However, the word to the Fuhrer himself (as retold by Leni Riefenstahl):
        Italy's entry into the war turned out to be a disaster for us. If the Italians had not attacked Greece and they did not need our help, the war would have taken a different turn, we would have managed to capture Leningrad and Moscow before the onset of Russian frosts
        You can disagree with him, of course, but the month lost in the Balkans and in Greece could greatly change the course of the campaign in the East.
        So, if you build a chain of events, then you need to start not from April 6, 1941, but from October 28, 1940, I suppose.

        That is, Hitler was worried that because of the Balkans he could not attack the SSR before June 22, but this does not mean that the war in the Balkans somehow forced him to "postpone" the date of the attack on the SSR))

        Do not forget - the plan to help Mussolini was signed BEFORE Hitler signed Barbarossa))) But at the same time, in reality, Hitler already in July 40 declared that it was necessary to attack the SSR in May - not later))) But we must remember that spring as such, and specifically the sowing in the SSR also set a time frame for Hitler))
        In general, Hitler was a lot worried that because of Mussolini he attacked the SSR not in May but in June, but ...))) He NEVER transferred the date of the attack on the USSR for sure and certainly not because of Greece and Yugoslavia)) )

        And the operation in Greece, he could not help but carry out - as in Yugoslavia - because he HAD to remove the British from the Balkans anyway)))
    2. VS
      VS April 10 2021 19: 07
      -3
      "" Hitler's Yugoslav campaign made it possible to delay the war against the USSR. Not much, but this delayed the date of the appearance of the Germans near Moscow. "" -
      alas - the operation in Yugoslavia had NO side to the date of the attack on the USSR))) Already on January 31, Brauchitsch, in a directive to Barbarossa, wrote off the attack should be on June 21))
      «The preparatory work must be carried out in such a way that the offensive (day B) can be launched on 21.6."! Those. if Hitler and "postponed" the date of the attack on the USSR, then he did it back in January 41! By legitimizing it as "June 21" in this Brauchitsch directive.
      On April 30 and May 1 of the 41st, Hitler orally announced the date of the attack on the USSR in front of his military and foreign ministries as specifically on June 22, and then on June 10, Halder, the chief of the General Staff of the Wehrmacht's ground forces, by his order finally established the date and time of the attack on the USSR - 3.00 June 22! On June 14, the time of the attack on the USSR was clarified - instead of 3.00, they set 3.30. Everything. Those. no other dates other than "June 21-22" for Hitler after January 41st were not documented! And if some dates appeared in the reports of our intelligence services, then these were only possible, conjectural, at the level of rumors! Which were most likely spread by the Germans themselves in order to confuse our intelligence and hide the real date! Which are already unscrupulous or stupid researchers and historians-batans and called "different dates of the attack" of Germany on the USSR! They say - Hitler "postponed the date of the attack on the USSR SEVERAL TIMES"!
  6. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev April 9 2021 12: 17
    +4
    But all the same, thanks to Yugoslavia for the delay.
  7. Wolf
    Wolf April 12 2021 16: 05
    +1
    Everything The author accurately and in detail wrote but mechanically, without describing what the Yugoslav Army of 1941 represented!
    The Serbian Army from 1918 began to destroy the victor immediately after the liberation from the occupation of the Habsburgs.
    For the difference from the Serbian army of 1912-1918, which had really outstanding commanders of the VOIEVODE, between whom there was a SUCCESSFUL IN THE FIRST WAR OF THE VOEOVODE MISIC, WHO WAS 50 YEARS BEFORE THE WAR PHILOSOPHY ONE OTHERS IN THE WEST AND IN THE SOURCE, there was UNITY from Voivode to frontline soldier !!!
    There was nothing of this in the Yugoslav army !!! 80% of the officers of the Croats and Slovenes were simply traitors from within they worked against their own army.
    You can safely say that the Serbian army from 1918 would eat the Yugoslav army from 1941 for breakfast.
    But now he is talking and discussing what would have happened if it had been, so it is not suitable!
    In addition to the army of Yugoslavia from 1941 (which was a Tigar on paper, like the Saudi army today), Yugoslavia was passed through by the internal opposition to the river, and the current dynasty of Karadzhorvechi did not know how to do anything else around 1918, they stupidly watched what was happening in the territory under their rule.
    So the Yugoslav army was not suitable for war and could not do anything seriously with Prusim!
    We add that Mackensen the "victor" Prus was captured from captivity in 1918 on the side of the MOST SUCCESSFUL ARMY 1.

    WORLD WAR, AND THE SERBIAN ARMY STOPPED CE ON THE FOUNTAIN OF VIENE IN AUSTRUIA AND SO FORCED THE GERMANS TO CAPITULATE, THE GERMANS CAPITULATED RADIO THAT WOULD ALLOW THE SERBI TO CAPTURE
    VIENU - BECH!
    1. Wolf
      Wolf April 12 2021 16: 15
      0
      In the short, it is not possible to calm down the army of Serbia in 1918 and the army of Yugoslavia in 1941 and 1991, this is HEAVEN AND EARTH !!! wink
      1. Wolf
        Wolf April 12 2021 16: 32
        +2
        As a curiosity, we add that FELDMARSHAL OF AUSTRALIA YOURSELF WAS BOROEVICH SERB FROM THE SERBIAN MILITARY KRAYIN (in the dialect of the modern Russian language from SERBIAN UKRAINE)

        And in the Serbian army there was a vidyushchi Voivoda Sturm from Luzicka Serbia (Germany)

        Boroevich fought on the Alpine front and held the front alone as one of all Austro-Hungarian field marshals. He wanted to get used to the Serbian army, so the Habsburgs sent him against the Italians!
        I hope that now you can imagine what was the SERBIAN ARMY 1 WORLD WAR?
        THE POWER OF GOD !!!
        smile
        1. The comment was deleted.
  8. alatanas
    alatanas April 15 2021 10: 40
    0
    and the Croats, Macedonians and the Slovenes laid down their arms

    "Macedonians" appeared only in 1945. In the KSH and in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia there was Skopsk (Vardarska) Banovina, and the population (mainly Bulgarians) was declared by the authorities as "rule yuzhni srbi".
  9. Georg Shep
    Georg Shep 21 May 2021 18: 00
    0
    The German army was then on the rise.