Military Review

Depleted uranium munitions: history and consequences of use

97

Illustrative photo



The armies of the Alliance countries used depleted uranium munitions between the 1990s and 2000s.

Scientists suggest that this is the reason for the increase in the incidence of cancer among NATO military personnel and residents of regions where such ammunition was used to strike. Experts have repeatedly argued that depleted uranium is radioactive and therefore causes serious health problems.

The US Defense Department, in contrast, says that depleted uranium ammunition cannot have a significant impact on human health, citing information from the World Health Organization.

Let's try to understand stories and the consequences of the application.

Uranium has fourteen isotopes, of which three can be found in nature. The main characteristic of radioactive materials is the half-life, different isotopes of uranium have different characteristics of this kind.

A fine fraction of uranium can ignite in the air; under a sharp mechanical effect, uranium particles glow. In the first half of the 20th century, it was believed that uranium is rarely found in nature, but in fact this is not true. Soil up to 25 cm deep can contain up to a ton of uranium per square kilometer of the deposit area.

Depleted uranium is obtained in the process of making fuel for reactors and materials for nuclear weapons... Obtaining such fuel, natural uranium undergoes an enrichment process, for this the amount of the U-235 isotope is increased in it, with the help of which the process of nuclear fission takes place. After the enriched uranium is removed, a compound called depleted uranium remains, as it contains small amounts of the isotopes U-235 and U-234.

Since many countries have accumulated large amounts of depleted uranium as a result of enrichment, it is relatively inexpensive, and this is one of the reasons for its use in the production of ammunition.

Another reason for its use in the same USA in the production of ammunition is that the tungsten used in them is a fairly rare metal. The United States imported about 50% of tungsten from other countries, which created significant risks for the production of subcaliber shells in the event of a disruption in the supply of metal. Also, the price of tungsten is constantly growing. As a result of the studies of the properties of heavy metals, it was decided to use depleted uranium for the production of ammunition.

A great advantage of uranium for armor-piercing ammunition is its property of igniting upon impact and penetration of armor. Here there is such a feature: the stronger the physical properties, including electronegativity, differ between the core metals from uranium and armor protection, the more durable their connections are formed, as a result, a large amount of heat is created. Small fragments ignite, can lead to a fire in the stock of combustible military equipment and an explosion of ammunition.

Nowadays, depleted uranium armor-piercing ammunition is one of the main ammunition for tank and anti-tank guns in the American army.

Uranium also has such a property as the ability to self-sharpen, called ablative shearing, as a result of which the projectiles acquire a shape that facilitates the penetration of armor. The previously used tungsten in such conditions was significantly inferior to depleted uranium. Also, the price of depleted uranium cores is about three times less than tungsten cores.

During the NATO war against Yugoslavia, Tomahawk missiles were actively used, the warhead of which contained about three kilograms of uranium, which, when exploded, turned into a cloud of small particles, spreading several tens of meters from the explosion site.

During the Gulf War, the US Army also used such depleted uranium munitions. Up to a million shells of 30 mm caliber and almost fifteen thousand shells from tank guns were fired.

On the consequences of the use of such ammunition


Despite the US position and their assertions that the use of depleted uranium munitions does not cause significant harm to the human body, there is a harsh reality that does not fit with their optimistic conclusions.

For example, Serbia, which was subjected to bombing, is an example where the consequences of the use of such ammunition are now manifesting. There, hundreds of children are diagnosed with oncological diseases every year, out of 400 who fall ill every year, 60 people cannot be saved. Such a number of oncological diseases had never been observed in Serbia before the NATO bombing. A similar situation has developed in Iraq, where in the deserts were found the remains of radioactive ammunition dumped aviation during the period of hostilities. Iraqi children also began to suffer from hitherto unknown and rare diseases that are associated specifically with the American bombing.
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  1. Toucan
    Toucan April 8 2021 07: 34
    +15
    During the NATO war against Yugoslavia, Tomahawk missiles were actively used, the warhead of which contained about three kilograms of uranium, which, when exploded, turned into a cloud of small particles, spreading several tens of meters from the explosion site.
    Dear author, why
    high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium? What's the point of this?
    1. Flooding
      Flooding April 8 2021 07: 48
      -5
      Quote: Tucan
      Dear author, why
      high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium?

      The Internet writes that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.
      1. Toucan
        Toucan April 8 2021 08: 54
        +10
        The Internet writes that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.

        Do I understand you correctly, you want to say that the 3 kg of depleted uranium used in the Tomahawk warhead (according to the author) are intended to increase armor penetration?
        1. Flooding
          Flooding April 8 2021 09: 55
          -1
          Quote: Tucan
          Do I understand you correctly, you want to say that the 3 kg of depleted uranium used in the Tomahawk warhead (according to the author) are intended to increase armor penetration?

          understand only what I have written
          you wrote that the "Tomahawks" have a high-explosive warhead.
          I answered you
          Quote: Flood
          The Internet writes that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.
          1. Toucan
            Toucan April 8 2021 10: 06
            +14
            You are evidently the captain of the obvious? I know perfectly well what types of warheads were used and are being used on this type of CD. It is unclear why there are three kg of uranium in a high-explosive warhead?
            1. Flooding
              Flooding April 8 2021 14: 06
              -5
              Quote: Tucan
              It is unclear why there are three kg of uranium in a high-explosive warhead?

              not a word is written in the article about the high-explosive warhead
              During the NATO war against Yugoslavia, Tomahawk missiles were actively used, the warhead of which contained about three kilograms of uranium, which, when exploded, turned into a cloud of small particles, spreading several tens of meters from the explosion site.

              It was you who started writing about the high-explosive warhead.
              1. Bongo
                Bongo April 8 2021 14: 35
                +9
                Quote: Flood
                It was you who started writing about the high-explosive warhead.

                Forgive me for interfering, but it seems to me that you are engaged in demagoguery. Most of the RGM / UGM-109C / E missiles in service are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead. The RGM / UGM-109H Tactical Tomahawk Penetration Variant modification has a hardened steel armor-piercing high-explosive warhead to destroy fortified bunkers. The RGM / UGM-109D was also produced with a cluster warhead.
                In this regard, my question is, which of the above missile warheads contains U-238?
                1. Flooding
                  Flooding April 8 2021 14: 36
                  -3
                  Quote: Bongo
                  Forgive me for interfering, but it seems to me that you are engaged in demagoguery. Most of the RGM / UGM-109C / E missiles in service are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead.

                  Nothing, I'm sorry.
                  Look at my top comment and you will understand that you shouldn't catch me by the hand.
                  1. Bongo
                    Bongo April 8 2021 14: 42
                    +3
                    Vasily writes:
                    Quote: Tucan
                    Dear author, why
                    high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium? What's the point of this?

                    You answer:
                    Quote: Flood
                    The Internet writes that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.

                    How does this relate to the author's assertion that uranium is contained in conventional combat units of "Tomahawks"? what Which, of course, is false information.
                    1. Flooding
                      Flooding April 8 2021 15: 00
                      -1
                      I did not try to argue the author's statement about the use of uranium in "Tomahawks"
                      1. Bongo
                        Bongo April 8 2021 15: 04
                        +4
                        Why did you write this in response to Vasily's post:
                        Quote: Flood
                        The Internet writes that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.
                        what
                        I'm not trolling you, it's just strange for me to read this in your comments, which are usually meaningful and balanced. It follows from your answer that there are warheads that contain uranium. request
                      2. Flooding
                        Flooding April 8 2021 15: 07
                        -1
                        Because the author did not write anything about the high-explosive warhead.
                        And he is asked the question: why is uranium in a high-explosive warhead?
                        From my answer, it follows that the rocket may have other types of warheads, in which an interested friend can look for uranium.
                      3. Bongo
                        Bongo April 8 2021 15: 31
                        +6
                        Quote: Flood
                        Because the author did not write anything about the high-explosive warhead.
                        And he is asked the question: why is uranium in a high-explosive warhead?
                        From my answer, it follows that the rocket may have other types of warheads, in which an interested friend can look for uranium.

                        The fact is that there is no uranium in any of the Tomahawk warheads in service. And it seems to me that the comrade knows this.
                      4. nov_tech.vrn
                        nov_tech.vrn April 28 2021 17: 08
                        0
                        Lawyer Angelo Fiore Tartaglia said that more than 7 Italian soldiers were poisoned by depleted uranium. 400 of them have already died.
                        Poisoning with depleted uranium received 7,6 thousand Italian soldiers who participated in the armed conflict in Yugoslavia. 400 of them have already died, said lawyer Angelo Fiore Tartaglia.

                        The lawyer added that he represents the interests of 500 people, writes RIA Novosti.

                        In January 2021, a former Yugoslav army officer filed a lawsuit against the North Atlantic Alliance. The serviceman said that he spent 201 days in the area, which was fired upon with depleted uranium munitions. The man later developed cancer.

                        Depleted uranium is commonly used in armor-piercing ammunition, as its density is higher than even tungsten. Another advantage: this material flares up when crushed into small particles, which significantly increases the armor-piercing effect of depleted uranium shells.
        2. nov_tech.vrn
          nov_tech.vrn April 12 2021 21: 22
          0
          NATO's "humane" ammunition, designed to destroy power substations, was equipped with high-explosive ammunition, which, when exploded, formed a cloud of conductive particles, in order to guarantee the destruction of the power facility as a result, being aware of many short circuits
          1. Toucan
            Toucan April 13 2021 01: 10
            +1
            These ammunition contained conductive graphite dust. What does uranium have to do with it?
            1. nov_tech.vrn
              nov_tech.vrn April 13 2021 09: 45
              +1
              And where did I write about uranium? I'm talking about humanism.
  2. Intruder
    Intruder April 8 2021 14: 41
    +3
    that the "Tomahawk" can be equipped with warheads of various types.

    "Marine" BGM-109 was developed as modular, in three versions,
    and there is an urban legend about "uranium scrap" because of these types:
    The anti-ship BGM-109В is equipped with an AN / DSQ-28 radar homing head, similar to the Harpoon anti-ship missile system, and a WDU-25 / B semi-armor-piercing high-explosive warhead.

    modification BGM-109D (Block IIB) received a cluster warhead with 166 striking elements.

    it is also possible:
    modification of BGM-109С with monoblock semi-armor-piercing high-explosive warhead, electronic-optical correlation system AN / DXQ-1 DSMAC. In the Block HA modification, the possibility of diving at a target or detonating a warhead while flying over a target was introduced.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo April 8 2021 15: 07
      +4
      Quote: Intruder
      The anti-ship BGM-109В is equipped with an AN / DSQ-28 radar homing head, similar to the Harpoon anti-ship missile system, and a semi-armor-piercing high-explosive warhead WDU-25 / B

      This modification is not in service. No.
      1. Intruder
        Intruder April 10 2021 11: 07
        +2
        This modification is not in service.
        now and not, but in the late 90s, during the "beating" of a small but very proud country, she was and stood! laughing
        1. Bongo
          Bongo April 10 2021 11: 09
          0
          Quote: Intruder
          now and not, but in the late 90s, during the "beating" of a small but very proud country, she was and stood!

          Used against this small and proud country?
          1. Intruder
            Intruder April 10 2021 11: 17
            0
            Used against this small and proud country?
            And hell knows, I was still studying and sat at lectures, and they sprinkled them or others, this is already the moss of military history overgrown on the graves of Serbs and other Yugoslavs ...
            1. Bongo
              Bongo April 10 2021 13: 49
              +4
              Quote: Intruder
              And hell knows, I was still studying and sat at lectures, and they sprinkled them or others, this is already the moss of military history overgrown on the graves of Serbs and other Yugoslavs ..

              Was this what they poured over the Serbs?
              Quote: Intruder
              The anti-ship BGM-109В is equipped with an AN / DSQ-28 radar homing head, similar to the Harpoon anti-ship missile system, and a WDU-25 / B semi-armor-piercing high-explosive warhead.

              Although I am a signalman, I am still an air defense officer, and I still remember the range of air attack weapons of "probable partners".
              1. Intruder
                Intruder April 10 2021 14: 58
                +3
                Although I am a signalman, I am still an air defense officer,
                I'm on the other side, air defense is our competitors ... drinks, as well as clear skies and enemy tanks on the lawns, etc., our targets are all ... hi
                1. Bongo
                  Bongo April 10 2021 14: 59
                  +3
                  Quote: Intruder
                  I'm on the other side, air defense are our competitors ... drinks, as well as clear skies and enemy tanks on the lawns, etc., our goals are all ...

                  drinks
  • novel66
    novel66 April 8 2021 08: 15
    +3
    for armor piercing ???
  • 113262a
    113262a April 8 2021 08: 44
    0
    Ready-made submunitions, no?
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek April 8 2021 09: 13
      +1
      Is it either a concrete-piercing warhead ..... or some kind of incendiary?
  • Undecim
    Undecim April 8 2021 11: 42
    +13
    high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium? What's the point of this?
    Nobody did anything, and this myth has been wandering in the yellow press for a long time.
    1. Toucan
      Toucan April 8 2021 12: 27
      +7
      Quote: Undecim
      high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium? What's the point of this?
      Nobody did anything, and this myth has been wandering in the yellow press for a long time.

      Then, minus the author negative
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 8 2021 12: 30
        +9
        Recently, there has been a strong impression that the main criterion for selecting authors for the site is incompetence. Like "the less you know, the better you write."
        1. Toucan
          Toucan April 8 2021 12: 34
          +4
          I partially agree! But there are also quite worthy authors.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim April 8 2021 12: 36
            +7
            From old stocks - yes. I don't see any of the new ones.
            1. Toucan
              Toucan April 8 2021 12: 38
              +9
              Some are "old", this is also a complete paragraph. wassat Damantsev alone, which is only worth it. belay
  • Intruder
    Intruder April 8 2021 14: 32
    +4
    high-explosive warheads of the KR "Tomahawk" equipped with uranium? What's the point of this?
    hidden, of course !? "Secret" American scientists and the military are poisoning children in Serbia and Iraq! laughing wink
  • krakaziabr
    krakaziabr 19 June 2021 11: 37
    0
    This is the author's flight of imagination. This usually happens under substances that are not sold in the pharmacy.
  • NDR-791
    NDR-791 April 8 2021 07: 37
    +6
    Despite the position of the United States and their assertions that the use of depleted uranium munitions does not cause significant harm to the human body
    In general, the position of the "lights of democracy" is quite clear. Such shells were not used either in the United States or against the US Army. This means that they do not bring harm to the only "people" on the planet.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind April 8 2021 08: 10
      +2
      Life is generally a harmful thing. And inevitably leads to the grave. recourse
    2. astepanov
      astepanov April 8 2021 16: 03
      +6
      Quote: NDR-791
      This means that they do not bring harm to the only "people" on the planet.

      And indeed it is. Depleted uranium in the product has a very insignificant level of radioactivity, since few particles are formed, and they are retained mainly in the body of the projectile and in the envelope. But after the explosion, it is sprayed, and the dust can get inside, and at the same time partially interacts with the tissues, dissolving. And this is a completely different matter if the radiation begins to "bomb" the tissues from the inside. An analogy: polonium, which Litvinenko was allegedly poisoned with, can be safely handled, but once inside, it quickly sends it to another world.
      The author has a lot of blunders, in particular, in discussions about the chemical interaction of uranium with the armor material, and his stories about electronegativity are simply inappropriate. In fact, the high density of uranium is important - 19,05 g / cmXNUMX. (i.e. more than that of lead by about one and a half times) and hardness (with the addition of titanium), which exceeds the hardness of tungsten. The low cost compared to tungsten is also important. The rest is nonsense.
  • Professor
    Professor April 8 2021 07: 39
    +7
    The article began and ... did not continue. This is how the author ended the introduction.

    In order to assert whether uranium in ammunition is a causal increase in the level of cancer in Serbia, it is necessary to compare this level in neighboring countries. For example in Bulgaria.

    PS
    Uranium, lead, tin are carcinogenic as heavy metals. This is common knowledge. How does bullet lead affect health?
    1. Free wind
      Free wind April 8 2021 08: 07
      +11
      Lead, when it gets under the skin, in the form of a bullet, does not add to health. wassat .
      1. Avior
        Avior April 8 2021 08: 22
        +6
        Lead does not add health even in the form of a bullet.
        Lead poisoning (Saturnism, from Latin saturnus (for the name of the planet) - lead) [2] is the most common type of poisoning with heavy metals. Usually the disease occurs in children from one to five years old. Lead, as a rule, enters the human body through inhalation of lead-containing dust, soot and vapors, which causes psychotropic, neurotoxic and hemolytic effects. Once in the body, organic metal compounds are converted into inorganic, which leads to chronic intoxication. Poisoning is characterized by damage to all parts of the brain [3].
    2. novel66
      novel66 April 8 2021 08: 16
      +5
      helps brainwash
    3. vvvjak
      vvvjak April 8 2021 08: 16
      +6
      Quote: Professor
      The article began and ... did not continue. This is how the author ended the introduction.

      "There is no African American character and the problem of sexual minorities is not covered" - as they say in Hollywood laughing
      But seriously, it will not be enough, maybe it should be continued? The USSR also had developments in depleted uranium shells. And the armor of NATO tanks also contained uranium.
      1. Free wind
        Free wind April 8 2021 08: 31
        +3
        It has been a long time since we have been producing sub-caliber ones with a depleted uranium core. Lead-1 and Lead-2.
        1. vvvjak
          vvvjak April 8 2021 08: 43
          +3
          I know. Currently, they are in warehouses and are not used, due to the high cost. The author claims that uranium shells are 3 times cheaper for the USA, and vice versa in the USSR. So it was possible to supplement the article, it would have turned out much more interesting. Personally, I would also read about the factor of interaction of armor with depleted uranium with a projectile with depleted uranium.
        2. Anatole Klim
          Anatole Klim April 8 2021 09: 06
          +7
          Quote: Free Wind
          we produce sub-caliber ones with a depleted uranium core. Lead-1 and Lead-2.

          Long before BOPS "Lead-2" there were tank shots "Nadfil-2", they had only a core made of depleted uranium alloy. Then came "Vant", its entire body of the projectile was already made of an alloy based on depleted uranium. He served at an ammunition storage base, I remember a railway transport came with these ammunition, they were in containers, besides, each shot was in a metal tube under a seal. All of them were at "NZ" and for some reason gave the command to store them in an open storage area, and not in storage facilities, and this was distant 1985.
    4. mikh-korsakov
      mikh-korsakov April 8 2021 08: 21
      +5
      Oleg. Again. Depleted uranium munitions are toxic - not because of the uranium's own radioactivity, but because of their toxicity. Comparison with lead is inappropriate, because firstly, as it is written in the article, one warhead of ammunition in the "Tomahawk" contains 3 kg of uranium, I hope you understand that the comparison with a bullet is lame, and secondly, and most importantly, uranium, in contrast from lead, when heated, caused by a collision with the target, it forms uranium oxides, which sublime and become volatile, therefore, I hope, I can not continue further. Comparison with Bulgaria is inappropriate, because the spread of volatile uranium compounds, depending on the wind rose, is from 100 m to 2 km, so it will not reach Bulgaria.
      1. Professor
        Professor April 8 2021 08: 48
        -2
        Quote: mikh-korsakov
        Oleg. Again. Depleted uranium munitions are toxic - not because of the uranium's own radioactivity, but because of their toxicity. Comparison with lead is inappropriate, because firstly, as it is written in the article, one warhead of ammunition in the "Tomahawk" contains 3 kg of uranium, I hope you understand that the comparison with a bullet is lame, and secondly, and most importantly, uranium, in contrast from lead, when heated, caused by a collision with the target, it forms uranium oxides, which sublime and become volatile, therefore, I hope, I can not continue further.

        Indeed, it is not worth continuing further. If we use your logic, then lead in Yugoslavia was scattered millions of times more than uranium. However, we do not compare the quantity, but the harmfulness of the metal. So lead is no more useful than uranium. It is just as toxic and harmful.

        Quote: mikh-korsakov
        Comparison with Bulgaria is inappropriate, because the spread of volatile uranium compounds, depending on the wind rose, is from 100 m to 2 km, so it will not reach Bulgaria.

        Comparison with Bulgaria is more than legitimate because it was not bombed by mean bourgeoisie. So it is interesting to know the level of diseases in a neighboring country NOT bombed. Could it be that this level in Bulgaria turns out to be higher?
        1. mikh-korsakov
          mikh-korsakov April 8 2021 08: 56
          +3
          Oleg! Again. When a bullet collides with a target, a non-volatile lead oxide is formed - colloquially red lead. So that it stays in the place of defeat and does not fly - that is the difference.
          1. Professor
            Professor April 8 2021 09: 08
            -1
            Quote: mikh-korsakov
            Oleg! Again. When a bullet collides with a target, a non-volatile lead oxide is formed - colloquially red lead. So that it stays in the place of defeat and does not fly - that is the difference.

            And again, no. The release of lead into the environment is just as harmful as uranium. When a bullet hits a solid obstacle, some of the lead evaporates, and some turns into dust. It is for this reason that ballistic laboratory technicians wear respirators. Moreover, in the West, lead-free bullets are being developed. lead free https://www.foxbullets.eu/
      2. Passing
        Passing April 9 2021 17: 43
        -1
        Quote: mikh-korsakov
        uranium oxides ... sublime and become volatile,

        IMHO, you misrepresent the process. The melting point of uranium oxide is 2875. There are no such temperatures and cannot be there. Obviously, uranium oxide is formed during the combustion of fragments of the middle ground (and even then, only and exclusively when it gets into the armor). No volatile "vapors" can form there. The maximum is dust. Actually, even when an ordinary bullet hits a solid barrier, its lead sheath literally splashes onto microdroplets. So where does the fundamental difference in atmospheric "volatility" between uranium and lead come from?
        1. mikh-korsakov
          mikh-korsakov April 10 2021 18: 23
          +1
          Passing. This is not about melting, but about sublimation (sublimation). Uranium dioxide has a melting point of 2875 degrees. However, under the conditions of the collision of the core with enriched uranium at temperatures already above 500 degrees, we are not dealing with uranium dioxide, but with a mixture of oxides (UO2, UO3. U3O8 ...). The uranium oxide system is one of the most complex in chemistry in terms of the number of compounds and their interconversions. There is a known method of sublimation purification of molybdenum trioxide, a product of fission reactions in a nuclear reactor, from traces of uranium oxides (Makarov F.V. Tsvetnye Metally, 2010, No. 3).
    5. figwam
      figwam April 8 2021 08: 38
      0
      Quote: Professor
      causal increase in cancer rates in Serbia

      So in the American crews of the participants in the war, the same oncology increased. Of course the Serbs are to blame and the Vietnamese are the same.
      1. Free wind
        Free wind April 8 2021 11: 06
        0
        Sugar, salt is white death. Everyone who came across them dies. sooner or later, it happens from oncology. By the way, in stressful situations, the number of smokers increases, as well as the number with oncology of the respiratory - eating tract. Stomach cancer can also occur from smoking; you swallow saliva when smoking.
    6. Ka-52
      Ka-52 April 8 2021 12: 56
      +1
      Uranium, lead, tin are carcinogenic as heavy metals. This is common knowledge. How does bullet lead affect health?

      there are different levels of toxicity, different ways of entering the body, as well as the rate of excretion from the body. So not every lead is carcinogenic to uranium.
    7. businessv
      businessv April 8 2021 14: 29
      +4
      Quote: Professor
      How does bullet lead affect health?

      It depends on where the lead bullet hits. If in the head, then it affects health greatly.
    8. abc_alex
      abc_alex April 16 2021 02: 06
      0
      Quote: Professor
      Uranium, lead, tin are carcinogenic as heavy metals. This is common knowledge. How does bullet lead affect health?

      What does lead have to do with it? Lead is a soft tough metal.
      Many times it has been explained everywhere why depleted uranium is more dangerous carcinogenic. It's not about the ammunition itself. The point is in the finely dispersed uranium dust formed when the bomber strikes the surface to be fired. Its appearance is inevitable, this is physics. This dust easily rises and is carried by the wind, enters the respiratory system peaceful citizens even many months after the war. And already in the lungs it becomes a powerful factor in the occurrence of irreversible changes in the lung tissue.
      I repeat: you can safely hold the depleted uranium ammunition in your hands. But by inhaling finely dispersed uranium dust, you will get the likelihood of a tumor in the respiratory organs.
      1. The comment was deleted.
  • aleks neym_2
    aleks neym_2 April 8 2021 07: 42
    +2
    A reference to WHO: it does not bring any "harm" - yes, this organization will write anything under the dictation of mattress makers ...
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Troll
    Troll April 8 2021 07: 55
    +6
    Experts have repeatedly argued that depleted uranium is radioactive and therefore causes serious health problems.


    SPECIALISTS know (not claim) that depleted uranium is weakly radioactive. They also know that the danger of depleted uranium is not radioactivity, but its carcinogenicity. Uranium is simply poisonous and this is what increases the likelihood of cancer.
    ******
    The author is your opus "pseudoscientific" where there are facts, but the conclusions are taken from the head and are not substantiated by anything.
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 April 8 2021 07: 59
      0
      Quote: Troll
      Uranium is simply poisonous and this is what increases the likelihood of cancer.

      The same tomatoes, only in profile. What does not actually change the essence
      1. Troll
        Troll April 8 2021 08: 07
        +8
        No, these are not the same tomatoes. Don't confuse soft with warm.
        Again: depleted uranium is radioactive and therefore causes serious health problems.
        Not once that is why. Its radioactivity is extremely low, but its carcinogenicity is never small.
        1. NDR-791
          NDR-791 April 8 2021 08: 08
          -6
          Do you have any health problems? The question is closed. For whatever reason, the patient does not concern
          1. Troll
            Troll April 8 2021 08: 14
            +7
            That is, how does it not apply? Disease is treated by fighting not with symptoms, but by eliminating its causes.
            1. NDR-791
              NDR-791 April 8 2021 09: 06
              -5
              I do not share your beliefs, but I am ready to die for your right to express them. (Voltaire)
              From what a person has oncology for a doctor, there is no difference. And even more so for the patient.
              1. Troll
                Troll April 8 2021 13: 28
                +4
                Knowing what a person got sick from is very, very important for a doctor and society. It is this knowledge that makes it possible to prevent people from diseases. Today's Crown is an example of this. Knowledge of the source of the disease led to the disappearance of asbestos building materials - another example.
            2. Dilettante grandfather
              Dilettante grandfather April 15 2021 10: 53
              0
              The main cause of illness is life.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Avior
    Avior April 8 2021 08: 30
    +3
    there is generally no evidence that depleted uranium is more toxic to the body than lead.
    And the fact that lead, usual in the conduct of hostilities, is toxic, has long been known.
    and by the way, uranium is used not only by Americans
    MOSCOW, December 20. / TASS /. The Russian modernized tank T-80BVM was able to use ammunition with a depleted uranium core, according to the reference book "Russian Army in Comparison" issued by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation .... it is noted that the T-80BVM "has a modified weapon stabilizer and loading mechanism for 3BM59 ammunition" Lead-1 ", 3BM60 Lead-2".

    As follows from open sources, the Lead-1 armor-piercing feathered projectile has a tungsten carbide core, while Lead-2 has a uranium alloy core. According to various sources, "Lead-1" is capable of penetrating 700 - 740 mm of uniform armor at a distance of 2 km, "Lead-2" - 800 - 830 mm at the same distance.
    1. AML
      AML April 8 2021 09: 24
      +7
      Quote: Avior
      there is generally no evidence that depleted uranium is more toxic to the body than lead.
      And the fact that lead, usual in the conduct of hostilities, is toxic, has long been known.


      By itself, depleted uranium plus minus ammunition is safe. Dangerous dispersed dust that appears when the ammunition and the target collide. That is why the Abrams crews suffer. When a shell hits the Abrams, it may not be pierced, but uranium dust is released, which, after inhalation, causes irreparable harm to health.
      1. Avior
        Avior April 8 2021 09: 27
        0
        And who fired at the Abrams with such shells?
        1. Toucan
          Toucan April 8 2021 10: 09
          +5
          who shot at the Abrams with such shells?

          Friendly fire. In addition, uranium elements were used to increase the protection of the frontal armor.
  • rocket757
    rocket757 April 8 2021 08: 35
    +4
    Despite the US position and their assertions that the use of depleted uranium munitions does not cause significant harm to the human body, there is a harsh reality that does not fit with their optimistic conclusions.
    The Sheriff never cared what happened to the Indians.
  • AML
    AML April 8 2021 09: 15
    +7
    Uranium also has such a property as the ability to self-sharpen, called ablative shearing, as a result of which the projectiles acquire a shape that facilitates the penetration of armor.


    This is incorrect wording. Such ammunition has a different purpose - to apply maximum kinetic energy to a minimum area. But the area must be reasonable so that there is no penetration. Otherwise, we can get a tank full of holes, like a sieve, but which is capable of performing a combat mission. If the optimum cross-section and the applied energy are observed, the armor melts from the tension of the metal. The effect of the impact plus or minus is the same as that of cumulative ammunition, only the physics of the impact is different.
    1. Intruder
      Intruder April 8 2021 14: 50
      +2
      Otherwise, we can get a tank full of holes, like a sieve, but which is capable of performing a combat mission. If the optimum cross-section and the applied energy are observed, the armor melts from the tension of the metal. The effect of the impact plus or minus is the same as that of cumulative ammunition, only the physics of the impact is different.
      A leaky "box" and even more so, after a couple of slaps in the face with "crowbars" - cannot perform combat missions, and if its crew is still alive, after two or three crowbars, even ordinary ones (without uranium penetrators) in different projections, laughed would be in person, on a proposal
      we can get a tank full of holes, like a sieve, but which is capable of performing a combat mission
      !? ...
  • AML
    AML April 8 2021 09: 30
    +6
    Quote: Avior
    And who fired at the Abrams with such shells?

    The Abrams have a dining uranium armor.
    1. A. Privalov
      A. Privalov April 8 2021 13: 57
      +6
      Quote: AML
      The Abrams have dinner uranium armor

      Not from. Depleted uranium is used in tank armor as an intermediate layer between steel plates. For example, the latest modifications of the Abrams tanks (M1A1HA and M1A2), produced after 1998, contain depleted uranium protection elements of the front parts of the hull and turret.
  • A. Privalov
    A. Privalov April 8 2021 13: 55
    +6
    Since many countries have accumulated large amounts of depleted uranium as a result of enrichment, it is relatively inexpensive, and this is one of the reasons for its use in the production of ammunition.

    The main reason for the use of depleted uranium for the production of ammunition is its high density (19,1 g / cm³, for comparison, iron has 7,8 g / cm³) hi
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 8 2021 14: 06
    +3
    No matter how much uranium BOPS is praised, it is from tungsten BOPS that an increase in armor penetration can be expected, provided that the flight speed of BOPS increases! In this respect, tungsten is more promising than uranium! The advantage of tungsten will "clearly and noticeably" manifest itself at projectile velocities over 2000 m / s .... Therefore ... ETX guns, rail guns, "light gas" guns, hypersonic AT missiles are their "property" ... tungsten penetrators! The only problem with tungsten remains ... scarcity and cost! If it can be solved ... what
    1. Intruder
      Intruder April 8 2021 15: 00
      +1
      Such!? wink
      rail ghana
      :
      ETH, type: winked
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 8 2021 15: 33
        +2
        Quote: Intruder
        Such!?

        1. What are you! ... 2. Not quite that ... That's all, for now, "primitive" prototypes (!) Of "wonderful" products of the future (!) ... and perhaps very close! what
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 8 2021 20: 39
      +2
      "No matter how much uranium BOPS is praised, it is from tungsten BOPS that an increase in armor penetration can be expected" ///
      ----
      Uranium rods, when penetrating steel, have the property of self-sharpening,
      like pencils in a sharpener. Tungsten does not have this feature.
      The tungsten rod gradually dulls as it breaks through the steel.
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 04: 14
        +1
        Perhaps I was wrong and read the "wrong" articles ... but I also read articles where it is stated that tungsten also has the property of "self-sharpening", but at high speeds, high "uranium" speeds! Moreover, at certain speeds, the "self-sharpening" property of "uranium" is lost; and in tungsten, on the contrary ... it is especially manifested! That is, it is better to use tungsten for "high-speed" ETH guns for maximum armor-piercing! Maybe you will find a similar article if you search well ... hi
      2. Intruder
        Intruder April 10 2021 11: 11
        0
        Uranium rods, when penetrating steel, have the property of self-sharpening,
        like pencils in a sharpener
        at a certain angle of contact with the armor structure, and even then, only with homogeneous armor, with composite ceramics, it is not so sharpened, from the word: the process is going on in a different way, already ...! wink
        The tungsten rod gradually dulls as it breaks through the steel.
        on the other hand, it is cleaner in the technical process of production and more environmentally friendly in places of storage and hostilities ... fellow
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh April 10 2021 11: 30
          +4
          "more environmentally friendly at storage and combat sites." ///
          ---
          To be honest, they don't care much about the environment during hostilities. yes
          Criterion: hit or not hit.
          In 2003, uranium OBPSs penetrated the T-72 tanks of the National Guard
          Iraq is almost right through, along its entire length. After passing the frontal hull armor
          like soft butter, the shell was found stuck in the engine at the back.
          There were uranium OBPS in Israel. Now tungsten.
          We learned to increase the speed of the projectile without increasing the caliber and length of the rod.
          And the need for uranium has disappeared.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder April 10 2021 12: 03
            0
            To be honest, they don't care much about the environment during hostilities.
            That's right, they take care of her after, in third world countries ... and then to everyone else, in the form of humanitarian aid ... laughing wink
  • MakStVik
    MakStVik April 8 2021 14: 35
    -1
    USA = absolute evil! Why create polygons for Yao in your country, when you can scatter them around the world. This is the main reason, not the cost or any other excuses. Amers need to kneel not before the blacks, but together with the blacks and other nationalities in their country, before the whole world.
  • mark2
    mark2 April 8 2021 15: 28
    0
    Depleted uranium munitions may not have a significant impact on human health, citing information from the World Health Organization.

    I like such statements, especially without specifying the name of this person.
    More than 600 years of using firearms have shown that even the presence of lead in the body does not improve well-being and does not increase immunity.
  • Zaurbek
    Zaurbek April 8 2021 15: 50
    0
    I also read somewhere that the cumulative funnel on the shells is covered with uranium, to increase the penetration ... who heard the realties?
    1. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim April 8 2021 17: 08
      +3
      Quote: Zaurbek
      I also read somewhere that the cumulative funnel on the shells is covered with uranium to increase penetration ..

      Such experiments were carried out, but they have not yet met expectations, the cumulative jet of depleted uranium is strong, but not viscous, but fragile and not monolithic. The most promising cumulative jet mixed tungsten-copper (outside copper, inside tungsten) may soon be seen in service. hi
  • Alf
    Alf April 8 2021 18: 25
    0
    citing information from the World Health Organization.

    And why be surprised if you remember who are the sponsors of WHO ...
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Split
    Split April 9 2021 21: 31
    0
    Abstract....? The topic of sabot calibers is already beaten ... like 911 and the moon landings
  • Thomas N.
    Thomas N. April 10 2021 14: 56
    +1
    This image is relevant to the topic of the article:
  • Pavel57
    Pavel57 April 10 2021 17: 33
    0
    Many, many dirty little nuclear weapons.
  • Archon
    Archon April 11 2021 12: 59
    +1
    The author wrote such a long article, but did not mention the chemical toxicity of uranium compounds, which makes a great contribution to cancer. And radiation will play a second role here.
  • Maksim_ok
    Maksim_ok April 19 2021 15: 37
    0
    "During the NATO war against Yugoslavia, Tomahawk missiles were actively used, the warhead of which contained about three kilograms of uranium, which, when exploded, turned into a cloud of small particles, spreading several tens of meters from the explosion site."

    - this is a lie.
  • Maksim_ok
    Maksim_ok April 19 2021 15: 38
    0
    "Despite the US position and their assertions that the use of depleted uranium munitions does not cause significant harm to the human body, there is a harsh reality that does not fit with their optimistic conclusions."

    - this is all politicized and exaggerated.
  • 2010 Europe
    2010 Europe 5 May 2021 22: 34
    0
    Are cartridges for automatic weapons harmful ??