Military Review

Artificial intelligence: application in the military-technical sphere

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The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) in the development of weapons is comparable in significance to the creation of gunpowder or the development of nuclear weapons. In this regard, in addition to general technical problems, thoughts arise about what role a person will play in coexistence with technical means possessing AI. Could it happen that the AI ​​gets out of control and becomes the enemy of humans?


In the modern world, a real AI revolution is taking place in the military-technical sphere. This technology is used to process and analyze various data, control and manage reconnaissance and strike drones, ground robots and other systems.

The need for artificial intelligence has arisen due to the complexity of modern weapons systems, with the manifold increased volumes of information from the battlefield.

Data streams can be presented in very different forms - audio, photo, video, text form, etc.

Also, the so-called concept of network-centric warfare was developed, which provides for the integration and information support of all units and combat systems, the exchange of data between them in order to make optimal decisions.

Many countries are developing their military programs that involve the use of AI in control systems weapons, troops, are developing the latest combat systems, controlled without direct human participation.



One of the options for the implementation of artificial intelligence technology is the creation of an artificial neural network, which will consist of individual digital elements placed on several of its layers. Such a network is not programmable, since it contains algorithms and self-learning capabilities, this is its main advantage.

To train a neural network, it is given a large data stream, it can be images of objects made in different conditions (airplanes, ships, other military equipment, also images of a person). The neural network finds certain patterns and features, then it builds recognition algorithms itself, with the help of which it identifies objects with a minimum number of errors.

In different countries of the world, samples of weapons with elements of AI have already been developed, which have the described capabilities. For example, in 2020, the Instar surveillance and target designation system was developed in the UK for Air Force aircraft.

The described AI system can detect various objects on land and on water, track their movements, draw terrain maps of the required areas. The United States also has a similar reconnaissance and target designation system based on the MQ-4C "Triton" unmanned aerial vehicle, which has similar characteristics.

Artificial intelligence systems can also perform tasks such as determining the type of radio signals and transmitting equipment when using electronic intelligence systems, detecting and translating speech in different languages ​​in adverse conditions, and much more.

Cyberspace is an equally important area of ​​application of AI systems in the military sphere. The capabilities inherent in an artificial neural network can identify threats and their potential danger, independently create and modify software in order to protect against them.

Another area where AI is applied is undoubtedly unmanned aerial vehicles, remotely controlled deep-sea equipment.

An example of a modern drone is the XQ-58 Valkyrie UAV developed by a private American company. The tests of this UAV were successful, it is used in tandem with fighters. The development and testing of methods for group use of drones is considered a very promising direction. The Office of Advanced Research Projects of the US Department of Defense creates such programs for the use of several hundred unmanned aerial vehicles at the same time, autonomous surface and underwater vehicles, and various robotic platforms.

China is not lagging behind the United States in this area. In 2020, China for the first time conducted a successful experiment in the use and control of 200 UAVs simultaneously with the aim of finding and striking ground targets.

In addition to what has already been written, AI can be applied in the future in a number of areas. These are air defense and missile defense systems, communication systems where artificial intelligence can help choose the most effective channels for transmitting information, high-precision and guided munitions, optical-electronic data display devices, ranging from windshields on cars to helmets with virtual reality display, and dr.

In our country, they are also trying to keep up with this area. Back in 2017, President Vladimir Putin noted:

Artificial intelligence is not only the future of Russia, it is the future of all mankind. There are colossal opportunities and threats that are difficult to predict today. The one who becomes the leader in this area will be the master of the world.

According to economists, the development of this area in Russia until 2024 requires 245 billion rubles.

Within the framework of the national project "Science", it is planned to create nine scientific centers in Russia by 2023. The main areas of research will be digital technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence.
Domestic specialists need to take into account that competitors, as they say, are not asleep.

The PRC government has repeatedly stated that China plans to become a leader in artificial intelligence technologies by 2030. The United States has also adopted a program for the development of new technologies that will introduce AI systems into the military sphere, other developed countries will also strive to keep up. In general, the technology race in this area is already in full swing.
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  1. NDR-791
    NDR-791 April 6 2021 08: 34
    +5
    According to economists, the development of this area in Russia until 2024 requires 245 billion rubles.
    This is where the most important thing begins in our system - all developments are run by an effective manager and economist, and not by a scientist or chief designer. Therefore, in most cases, this is where everything ends.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 08: 53
      +2
      It should be understood that no philosophical or other terminology with capacious definitions can be introduced into machine processing. We need the language of mathematics! And mathematical technologies and analysis remains at a primitive computational level, which in turn determines the level of human consciousness by binary logic and perception and reasoning. Therefore, first you need to open new mathematical technologies for working with super big data in the framework of the algorithmic chain of sequential stages, and then everything else.
      1. sergo1914
        sergo1914 April 6 2021 11: 02
        +1
        Quote: gridasov
        no philosophical or other terminology of capacious definitions can be introduced into machine processing.


        Can. Principles of cause-and-effect relations by John Stuart Mill, Aristotle's syllogistic, reasoning by analogy with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Boolean algebra. This is the basis of AI. Further, a tree of logical possibilities - a factorial space of events - a single-layer decision-making system - a logical neural network. Something like this.
        1. gridasov
          gridasov April 6 2021 11: 16
          +1
          All named and not yet discovered processes are built on computational principles or banal rhetoric, but not as on mathematical technologies and the principles of theoretical informatics. Do not forget that AI is not only a technique, but also a technology for combining human knowledge with a machine. By the way, there are no other components in the causal relationship. And it would be worth knowing
    2. Flooding
      Flooding April 6 2021 09: 02
      -1
      I give a tooth, in the future in the parliament AI will take care of the fate of people.
      And no squabbles for you about party affiliation.
      1. NDR-791
        NDR-791 April 6 2021 09: 04
        +4
        Quote: Flood
        I give a tooth in the future in parliament AI will take care of the fate of humans

        So they gave the AI ​​to steer wassat And AI will also cut the loot? request
        1. Flooding
          Flooding April 6 2021 09: 13
          0
          Quote: NDR-791
          And AI will also cut the loot?

          do you think it will not cope?
          1. Cowbra
            Cowbra April 6 2021 09: 33
            -4
            I think, do not be stupid, for example, Bidon and Psaki) In general, as practice shows, the most odious and stupid personalities are most often involved in fraud, that is to say, drank the dough. Examples to name? Navalny, even as a lawyer - zero, has not won a single case, 2 terms for fraud and sawing. Musk is a drug addict and ignoramus; he was even thrown out of an African vocational school, and then from a Canadian one - convicted of fraud when receiving subsidies from the US government for the Solar City project. He took a house on the island, glued unconnected solar panels on it, stuffed two diesel generators into the basement, and happily showed the congressmen - ish you! The light is on, the washing machine is spinning, everything is on its own, everything is from the sun and is environmentally friendly!
            And both of them don't have enough brains for a strong broth for a bug, the calculator is smarter
          2. NDR-791
            NDR-791 April 6 2021 09: 34
            +1
            do you think it will not cope?
            He can do it, but who will give him wassat
  2. paul3390
    paul3390 April 6 2021 08: 35
    +6
    Uh-huh .. The tests of the first bomb with artificial intelligence ended in collapse .. They simply could not push it out of the plane ..
    1. Avior
      Avior April 6 2021 08: 58
      +1
      There is a grain of a joke in every joke :))
      In fact, the use of artificial intelligence and neural networks in complex and demanding systems is limited by the problem of predictability of behavior.
      In such cases, the developer cannot guarantee that the system will behave this way and not otherwise - its behavior, in principle, is not modeled or predicted.
      Okay, they couldn't push the bomb out, but if it occurs to her to explode early, is her mood bad or has her favorite pilot or commander changed?
  3. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. April 6 2021 08: 36
    +2
    Interestingly, the Internet space itself is not a prototype of artificial intelligence.
    It also creates billions of connections between different points of computers and servers.
    How quickly the computer world is changing, spiraling higher and higher. what
    A person in such a world fades into the background.
    Someday self-learning programs will take over the life of the human mind.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 08: 47
      0
      Analysis and forecasting is the basis of AI procedurality. And any analysis should never be carried out without relative goals and objectives. Therefore, never and only under certain conditions, AI and such a unity must be understood, it cannot be a self-provided structure.
    2. Avior
      Avior April 6 2021 09: 00
      +1
      Try to compare the posts at different points in Gridasov's time, or even better, with what he writes outside the resource :)))
      1. gridasov
        gridasov April 6 2021 12: 18
        0
        Unfortunately, I switched to English-language resources. Here I am casual.
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 April 6 2021 08: 41
    +2
    And who is engaged in the implementation of the program for the creation / development of AI, isn't it Gref ???
    If so, then this is some kind of "Juche", how else to understand it?
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. April 6 2021 08: 49
      +1
      Gref is now targeting the younger generation of Russia ... He has big plans for the minds of children.
      With great apprehension I follow his activities with Sberbank.
      1. Konstantin Gogolev
        Konstantin Gogolev April 6 2021 09: 21
        +2
        He has been on the dark side for a long time. Captured the margin of his mind)
    2. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 09: 00
      +2
      It is necessary to decide on the concept of what it means to be engaged?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 6 2021 09: 48
        0
        Quote: gridasov
        It is necessary to decide on the concept of what it means to be engaged?

        Who in our country declares that they are developing and will carry out subsequent implementation? Publicly this is done by Gref and no one contradicts him.
        Serious guys do not hide at all that the state programs for the creation, development and implementation of AI are led by MILITARY DEPARTMENTS ... resources, not small, are sent there! If someone does this on their own, no one interferes, but keeps his finger on the pulse, that's for sure.
        Do you still have a question, who DOES this and where?
        1. gridasov
          gridasov April 6 2021 10: 46
          +1
          I did not write who is engaged! This is already known and understandable. I wrote - what does it mean to be engaged? And since I am a mathematician, I am trying to understand how it is possible to analyze superb data using computational methods and binary logic.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 April 6 2021 10: 55
            0
            You can speculate about science fiction ... but not everyone is ready to do this.
            Considering AI as something that can compete, replace, what is called the process of human thinking, is, for now ... in general, it is still fantasies, dreams.
            1. gridasov
              gridasov April 6 2021 11: 07
              0
              Let me remind you that mathematics is an exact science, not a fantasy. The meaning and definition of processes by numerical data can in no way be called fantasy. The construction of an inseparable mathematical space with the principles of variable combinations based on numbers and the construction of algorithmic numerical connections is not a dream, but a reality. Naturally not for everyone!
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 April 6 2021 11: 35
                0
                We looked at the MATRIX, perhaps all.
                So simple, without any definite conclusions. However, one could just read science fiction ...
                To add an understanding of complex mathematical processes, it will not add if I passed by mathematics at school, but it is still Iteresno.
                1. gridasov
                  gridasov April 6 2021 12: 16
                  0
                  Man is stupid and genius at the same time. He invented and divided sciences, and now he is trying to use the set of quantitative, vector and relative parameters separately in informatics. Do not work out!
                  1. rocket757
                    rocket757 April 6 2021 12: 23
                    0
                    Why did you come up with a specialization?
          2. Andy-1970
            Andy-1970 April 6 2021 16: 22
            -1
            For this, it is necessary to start using the architecture of the "ELBRUS" processor family, which implements the principles of quantum computing at the hardware level of high-performance computing systems. And, of course, own the most modern or superior technology for the production of semiconductor integrated circuits. Eric Schmidt's simulacra was only seriously believed, and even those with reservations.
            1. gridasov
              gridasov April 6 2021 17: 04
              0
              And as a matter of optimizing energy costs. This, after all, is also decided in the aggregate by the complex.
              1. Andy-1970
                Andy-1970 April 6 2021 18: 05
                -1
                Energy costs for computing resources are determined primarily by the technological standard of semiconductor integration, secondly, by the architecture / logic of the computing device, and only thirdly, by the optimization of the MPO algorithms. In a situation where modern commercial planar microelectronic technologies are not available, and our entrepreneurs who develop microprocessors can be expelled from offshore factories without unnecessary explanations at any time speaks only of the very sensitive nature of this technological problem. I read in the Internet media that three years ago the Belgian small-scale microelectronics manufacturer IMEC, using sequential exposure on DUV and EUV ASML steppers, reached the critical size of IC elements of 3 nm. And here, I will be happy if I am mistaken, the only option is to use the products of Zelenograd enterprises, in particular Mikron and Angstrem, which are stuck with their licensed technology and second-hand equipment somewhere at the level of the beginning of the XNUMXs. At the same time, these guys are not at all shy about positioning themselves as the "largest" and "technologically most advanced" manufacturers of microelectronic products. So, just buying used technological lines in Germany and Storage and running a private "high-tech" business with the money of the state budget. In general, I have such an assumption that until the landing approaches in these holdings begin, our domestic microelectronics will not get out of the pit of the "zero cycle of capital construction". Yevtushenkov, Reinman and other business technologists, if you are interested, then I am talking about them and their "businesses".
                1. gridasov
                  gridasov April 6 2021 18: 46
                  0
                  And in my opinion, everything is much simpler !. every bit or unit of information in the machine corresponds to an electro-magnetic impulse. Therefore, high-performance computing processes correspond to high energy costs. But. When using the so-called function of constant value of a number, we can construct a certain numerical non-breaking space. In this case, it becomes possible to create a multipolar transistor with the function of direct transformation of the value of a number into a magnetic pulse. Then, with a single pulse on one node of such a transistor, the dimension and the value of the remaining values ​​of the nat numbers of the series appear. In general, this is elementary! Moreover, the operator of the value of such numbers has the ability, so to speak, of rotation about certain axes. In general, only one magnetic pulse produces eight powers to the fourth power. not. I will answer later.
                  1. gridasov
                    gridasov April 6 2021 19: 19
                    0
                    So. One PLM magnetic impulse produces values ​​that are conjugate values ​​of the algorithmically related process that we can and undertake to analyze. That is, everything is exactly the way our brain works. A person sees only a point through the pupil. Two eyes make it possible to make a relative connection between what they see different dispositions of the pupils. But! All peripheral vision is the analytical work of the brain. The entire totality of our perception is built on a certain analysis and ensuring, first of all, the vitality of a person. We are robots and can only exist in the boundary conditions of info streams. Hardly anyone will believe in this, but all our perception is associative, which means that non-associative info objects can both kill us and lift us up in development.
                    1. gridasov
                      gridasov April 6 2021 19: 29
                      +1
                      Unfortunately, scientists do not realize that in the processes of working with information, the key criterion is not the data transfer rate, but work with the data capacity.
                      1. Andy-1970
                        Andy-1970 April 6 2021 21: 27
                        0
                        I believe you are correct. But your rightness once again confirms the inexhaustible constructive potential of transistor-transistor logic. Thank you, it was interesting for me to exchange opinions with you.
                      2. gridasov
                        gridasov April 6 2021 23: 12
                        +1
                        I regret that it is difficult to express in words the complex aspects of working with information, and the editor often does not correctly form the endings of words. We are accustomed to working in the binary dimension of not only logic, but also the polarization of linear tension. At the same time, it is the function of the constant value of the number that made it possible to see the system dimension on the numbers x of the natural series. This makes it possible to work with multi-polarized circuits in electrical engineering, including microelectronics.
  • A. Privalov
    A. Privalov April 6 2021 09: 11
    +2
    Humanity will not be destroyed by artificial intelligence, but by natural stupidity.
    (C)
    1. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 11: 09
      0
      This is called natural selection in the space of highly dynamic transformations in the development of a complex of aggregate processes.
  • Lime Bayun
    Lime Bayun April 6 2021 09: 34
    0
    Self-learning AI will never show a Man that he is smarter than him.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 11: 11
      0
      There is a logical and mathematical justification for this. Because even just a finger to the sky is motivated by the subconscious and conscious process of the brain.
  • tank64rus
    tank64rus April 6 2021 10: 07
    +1
    Serdyukov should be thrown for a breakthrough. 245 billion - wow, it even takes your breath away how "effective managers can deploy."
  • ver_
    ver_ April 6 2021 10: 12
    0
    .. * ui * will learn, uncle Vasya will control him with the scores - their tandem is not Obmishurish *, and a good kick to the car will only benefit ..
  • nikvic46
    nikvic46 April 6 2021 10: 23
    0
    I wonder how artificial intelligence can be applied in society. The Duma has two AI apparatus. Opposition and position. They accept the proposal of the President of the country. The main algorithm in the program is the interests of the country and the people. What an interesting thing turns out. No elections, no fawning, no random proposals from interested people. And how much money will be saved. It's just horror.
  • iouris
    iouris April 6 2021 13: 25
    0
    AI is only useful to those with intelligence.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov April 6 2021 17: 06
      +2
      Absolutely right! In order to first of all create a Real mechanism for analyzing big data, which in essence is AI, you must first raise the level of human intelligence.