This guide came out 2 months after Biden came to power at the head of the Democrats. There are good reasons for this haste for the main document on national security. First, it serves as an instrument for the earliest possible internal and external legitimization of the new (old) regime, securing the right of the “new Washington” to command. Secondly, it defines the framework or plan-scheme of future power for the leaders of the international community who share this ideology, who want to enter the new world of the presented rules and prove their vassalage to the United States.
This is confirmed by the words of the CEO of CNAS Richard Fontaine (Richard Fontaine) speaking slyly about
readers, especially in foreign governments, tend to treat such documents as the scriptures ...
And that this document should be taken seriously, but not literally, as there will be even more of them.
This work is a translated and revised text. 2021 U.S. Interim National Security Guidelines... Key theses and quotes are given, at the end - the author's comments.
We must prove that our model (democratic) is not a relic stories; it is the only best way to realize the promise of our future. And if we work together with our democratic partners, with strength and confidence, we will meet any challenge and outrun any rival,
- says the manual.
To achieve this, the Biden administration plans the following:
- strengthening the economic foundations;
- restoration of its place in international institutions;
- raising their values within the country and abroad, protecting them all over the world;
- modernization of military potential;
- rebuilding the United States as a leader in diplomacy - revitalizing America's network of alliances and partnerships.
According to American experts, the country's national strength is: diversity, a dynamic economy, a dynamic civil society and an innovative technological base, sustainable democratic values, a wide and deep network of partnerships and alliances, and the most powerful army in the world.
The global security landscape
The main risks
Pandemics and other biological risks, escalating climate crisis, cyber and digital threats, international economic turmoil, protracted humanitarian crises, violent extremism and terrorism, nuclear proliferation weapons and other types of weapons of mass destruction.
According to the Biden administration:
Free societies were faced with internal challenges of corruption, inequality, polarization, populism, and illiberal threats to the rule of law. Nationalist and anti-immigrant tendencies, accelerated by the Covid crisis, are creating an every-country-for-itself mentality that makes us all more isolated, less prosperous and less secure.
Democratic nations are also increasingly challenged from outside by antagonistic
authoritarian forces. Antidemocratic forces use false information, misinformation and corruption as weapons to exploit perceived weaknesses and sow divisions within and between free nations, disrupt existing international rules, and promote alternative models of authoritarian governance.
China quickly became more assertive. It is the only potential competitor (highlighted by the author) capable of combining its economic, diplomatic, military and technological power to create a sustainable challenge to a stable and open international system.
Russia remains determined to increase its global influence and play a destructive role on the world stage.
Iran and North Korea
These countries continue to develop game-changing capabilities and technologies, threatening US allies and partners and challenging regional stability.
The government of the United States is fragile, subject to the influence of authoritative non-state actors who can violate the interests of the country.
Terrorism and violent extremism, both domestic and international.
U.S. National Security Priorities
• Protecting and supporting the main sources of American power: the people, the economy, national defense and "home" democracy.
• Facilitate the proliferation of deterrent and prevent direct threats from US adversaries and allies.
• Preventing US competitors from gaining access to global assets or dominance in key regions.
• Leadership and support for the stability and openness of the international system, based on strong democratic alliances, partnerships, multilateral institutions and rules.
In support of this, the Biden administration states:
We cannot do anything alone. For this reason, we will strengthen and modernize our alliances and partnerships around the world. Allies are a tremendous source of strength and a unique American advantage, helping to fulfill the responsibilities necessary to ensure the security of our country and the prosperity of our people.
Also, experts determine the need for investment and modernization of NATO. The main allies of the United States are: Australia, Japan and the Republic of Korea.
Main regions and areas of US national interests
1. Indo-Pacific region.
3. Western Hemisphere.
Deepening the partnership
2. New Zealand, Singapore, Vietnam and other ASEAN members.
3. Pacific island states.
Restoring the transatlantic partnership
EU and UK.
Investment in "good governance and democratic institutions" - $ 4 billion over four years.
1. Ensuring the security of Israel and its integration with neighboring countries.
2. Containment of Iranian aggression.
3. Destruction of Al-Qaeda.
4. Preventing the resurgence of ISIS.
5. Settlement of complex armed conflicts that threaten regional stability.
1. Cooperation with dynamic and fast growing African economies.
2. Assisting countries suffering from poor governance, economic hardship, health problems and food insecurity exacerbated by the pandemic.
3. Supporting the economic and political independence of African countries in the face of undue foreign influence.
1. The return of leading positions in international institutions, with the aim of uniting with the international community to solve the climate crisis and other common problems.
2. Make the transition to clean energy a central element of domestic economic recovery. This will contribute, the authors hope, to domestic prosperity and the international credibility of the United States as the leader of the global climate change agenda.
3. Gathering the world's largest economies, including our own, in the near future and raising the ambitions of all countries to rapidly reduce global carbon dioxide emissions, as well as increasing resilience to climate change in their own countries and in vulnerable countries.
4. Helping partners around the world to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Leading and leading WHO - working to reform and strengthen it.
In this direction, the mobilization of the international response to COVID-19 has already begun. The US is providing an initial $ 2 billion contribution to COVAX, along with a commitment to an additional $ 2 billion over the coming months and years.
Other actions include:
- Reform of the UN - increasing its role in pandemics.
- Support for medical supplies, access to diagnostics, therapy and vaccines.
According to the authors of the manual, the internal interests of the United States are strengthened by improving life around the world. This will be done:
⁃ Through development agencies and financial instruments that will provide foreign aid to promote global stability and offer alternatives to predatory development patterns.
⁃ Ensure food and water security in a climate-sensitive manner, and invest in sustainable agriculture, disease prevention, and improved public health and nutrition.
⁃ Provide high quality and equitable education and opportunities for children and youth.
⁃ Promoting gender equality, LBGTQI + rights and women's empowerment.
The authors of the interim strategic guidance argue that global development is one of the best vehicles for articulating and translating American values while pursuing national security interests:
In short, our foreign aid and partnership programs are both right and smart to do!
As it re-engages in the international system, the Biden administration intends to tackle the existential threat posed by nuclear weapons by:
1. By stopping the costly arms race and restoring its credibility as a leader in arms control (the first step in this path is the extension of the START Treaty).
2. Conducting principled diplomacy regarding the Iranian nuclear program and its other destabilizing actions.
3. Working to reduce the threat posed by the growing nuclear and missile programs of North Korea, relying on the Republic of Korea and Japan in this matter.
4. Renewing efforts to block access to fissile and radiological materials worldwide.
But at the same time it is openly stated that:
The United States will never hesitate to use force when necessary to protect its vital national interests!
It is planned to develop opportunities to improve competition and deter gray zone activities. And, as described above, the strongest presence will be in the Indo-Pacific and Europe.
Internal economy and direction to the external contour
The strength of the American middle class is the backbone of the nation, the authors argue, and is a long-standing American advantage. For this reason, trade and international economic policies should serve all Americans, not just a select few.
Trade policies in the service of the interests of the United States include:
• Fostering the growth of the American middle class, creating new and better jobs, raising wages and strengthening communities.
• Preventing and managing the global economic shocks that hit American families hard.
• Enforcing existing trade rules and creating new ones that promote fairness.
• Enabling growth through US international trade and investment policies.
• Reforming the WTO so that it functions to support American jobs and values.
• Advocate for the interests of American workers, small and medium-sized businesses, including overseas.
• Formation of labor and environmental groups for the implementation of economic agreements that have increased labor and environmental protection.
• Promotion of an international trading system that facilitates the global transition to clean energy.
Holding actors accountable for destructive, destructive or otherwise destabilizing malicious cyber activity. Fast, proportionate response to cyberattacks.
External (economic and political) pressure
The work of defending democracy does not end on American shores. Authoritarianism is on a global march, and the US must unite with like-minded allies and partners to revive democracy around the world.
Particular attention will be paid to the fight against corruption, which causes the rotting of democracy within and is increasingly being adopted by authoritarian states to undermine democratic institutions. It also proclaims the fight against tax havens and illegal financing, the coordination of the use of economic instruments and collective power to advance common interests.
The most effective way, according to experts, to surpass a more assertive and authoritarian China in the long run is to invest in its own people, economy and democracy. The behavior of the Chinese government directly threatens American interests and values. To counter this, the United States will:
• Resist unfair and illegal trade practices, cyber theft and forced economic practices.
• Secure supply chains for critical technologies for national security and medical supplies.
• Protect access to the global commons, including: freedom of navigation and the right of overflight, in accordance with international law.
• Take up a diplomatic and military position to protect allies from China.
• Support China's neighbors and trading partners in asserting their rights to independent political choices, free from coercion or undue foreign influence.
• Promote local development to combat manipulation of local priorities.
• Support Taiwan, a leading democracy and a critical partner for the United States in terms of economy and security.
• Ensure that American companies do not sacrifice American values when doing business in China.
• Advocate for democracy, human rights and human dignity, including in Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet.
But at the same time, the current leadership of the United States recognizes that strategic competition does not and should not hinder work with China when it is in their national interests. The United States will rally its allies and partners to join them in order to strengthen its negotiating leverage and demonstrate collective strength and determination.
The United States also has a serious workforce problem, so investing in national security workforce, institutions and partnerships will inspire a new generation of civil service, ensure that the workforce represents the country's diversity, and modernize decision-making processes.
It ends with the need to avoid over-reliance on the US military for tasks and missions more suited to other services. The national security budget will prioritize new resources for diplomacy and development.
The US is in the midst of a fundamental debate about the future direction of the world. To win, a country must demonstrate that democracy can still benefit its people.
A resurgence of the American network of alliances and partnerships is required to make the world a safer place for all of its peoples.
No country is better positioned to navigate this future than America. This requires the United States to recognize and restore its lasting advantages, as well as to approach the world from a position of confidence and strength!
In conclusion from the author of the translation
J. Biden's opening remarks say that
democracy is the key to freedom, prosperity, peace and dignity.
The US leadership proclaims the primacy of diplomacy over other actions ("lead diplomacy") in world political processes. At the same time, after conducting a minimal analysis of this 24-page text for keywords, we find a threefold superiority in the content of words with the root "force" ("force" - 30) and "democracy" ("democracy" or "democracies" - 31) over "Diplomacy" (10). Such an unconscious message from the authors can be described as "the renewal of America's advantages", referring us not to the future, but to the recent past of this country, that is, to the imposition of ideology through force, not diplomacy, as stated in the manual.
This approach can be quickly described by several statements from the text itself:
- Approaching the world from a position of confidence and strength.
- Facilitating the proliferation of deterrent forces.
- The US will never hesitate to use force.
- Demonstration of collective strength and determination.
In the latter case, the Biden administration not only wants to unite allies around itself as an example of prosperity, but to unite them based on the consolidation and projection of their fears and desires. The collective use of force erodes responsibility, provokes impunity and becomes a mutual responsibility.
It is easy to see that the EU has turned from an ally into a “main interest”, and, given the resumption of the transatlantic partnership program, we can talk about the final loss of the subjectivity of the European Union, as well as such important international institutions as the WHO, the nuclear program, the UN (more on this below ), etc. At the same time, the EU is finally moving into the status of a conductor of US interests, becoming an instrument of pressure and a guarantor of America's recovery and prosperity, as stated in the leadership.
Latin America is awaiting US assistance and investment in "... good governance and democratic institutions," which suggests that the current regimes are undermined and overtaken from outside.
The Middle East continues to be a zone for the settlement of complex armed conflicts that threaten regional stability, from the point of view of American experts, the settlement of a conflict is when you control its intensity, as shown by the scenarios playing out, for example, in Syria and Ukraine.
African countries "suffering from mismanagement" as well as from "undue foreign influence" will also receive US assistance. If we consider that Africa is a zone of economic interests not only of China, but also of Russia, then a struggle will unfold here to squeeze the latter out of the continent.
Networkization of world governance structures.
As modern practice shows, in order to be effective and competitive in the world of global structures, it is necessary to lead and manage not specific organizations or international institutions, but to curb the activity process itself: firstly, the processes for the control of nuclear weapons, for the protection of rights. human rights (in a more modern edition - LBGTQI + and women's rights) and the fight against corruption, while continuing to create pressure on the domestic politics of countries using the corruption agenda (Russia) and human rights (China).
Secondly, to this is added control over the "endless" pandemic through the interception of control of the Americans by WHO and the reform of the UN.
And thirdly, the most serious danger for the world community, although this has not yet been recognized - creation of a supranational network structure for climate control led by the US Democratic Party. Given that the current President Biden is no stranger to the climate agenda. Thus, in 1987, as a senator, he introduced the Global Climate Protection Act, which was signed by President R. Reagan. After this signing and hearings in Congress, the problem of climate change left the bosom of American thinkers and politicians and entered the level of problems of global importance.
Now the US presidential administration is declaring a sharp advance in the field of climate change. This is characterized through the return in the near future of leadership positions in international institutions. Having thus the legitimate right of primacy in this matter, the United States will increase the ambitions of the largest economic actors to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, including in its own country. Thus, the climatic selfishness of the United States will be spread throughout the planet, including those areas where people still do not have access to electricity.
Today's America (more precisely, its leadership represented by the Democratic Party) cannot imagine its well-being without global influence, despite the lack of sufficient resources to maintain its world domination. The only workable source is the emission policy does not bring real economic growth, being absorbed in the incredible size of the stock market. But despite this, the Biden administration plans to continue using its influence as a global emission center or, as the manual says, "economic instruments" to project its political and ideological worldview.
In the end, I would like to return to the topic of combating corruption, which is important for us, since it is viewed as the main tool for "revealing" internal protest in Russia.
The manual says:
Particular attention will be paid to the fight against corruption, which causes the rotting of democracy, first inside and then increasingly adopted by authoritarian states to undermine democratic institutions.
That is, the fight against corruption, adopted by authoritarian states, causes the rotting of democratic institutions, since democracy with all its institutions is inconceivable without internal corruption, this is the essence of its functioning !? I understand that this may look like a distortion or a distortion of the translation, but if you take this expression in such a context, everything becomes clearer.
It should be recalled that at the beginning of the text, in Biden's opening remarks, it is said that democracy is the key to freedom, prosperity, etc. Hence, democracy is the key to free, corrupt relationships for the prosperity of all stakeholders, as Plato wrote five centuries BC in his Dialogues.
It follows from the leadership's conclusion that the world is in a deep crisis (by the way, through the fault of the United States itself). And the only way to overcome it is the revival of democracy as a global ideology. And the Biden administration knows how to do it.
First, by strengthening the ideology in the “partner countries” to stop hesitation.
And secondly, to use the enduring advantages of the United States - global dominance in financial and military power.