Military Review

Front letters of the border guard Alexander Maslov

21
Front letters of the border guard Alexander Maslov

He was like everyone else



Sashka is an ordinary Moscow boy, born on November 1, 1920. In childhood, he was no different from other peers, except that he grew up in a family without a father. He was such a boy-ringleader and spent most of his time on the street, in the courtyard environment.

Maslov effortlessly graduated from eight classes, then in his life there was a FZU school at the plant and the profession he had chosen as a "universal turner". Of course, he took an active part in various public organizations and numerous circles.


In 1938, Alexander joined the Komsomol. And after working days, he was actively involved in sports: skiing, skating, boxing, rowing. In the spring of 1940, Maslov underwent 120-hour drill pre-conscription training.

He studied with other guys to walk at a marching pace, own a rifle, stab with a bayonet, run in a gas mask. Passed the standards for the "Voroshilovsky shooter" badge and the 1st stage TRP.

On October 6, 1940, Alexander was drafted into the border troops of the NKVD of the USSR and sent to the 10th border detachment in Estonia. At that time, its commander was Major Sergei Mikhailovich Skorodumov.

He served as private Maslov as a signalman in the 3rd border commandant's office on the Ezel Island of the Moonsund archipelago. Climatic conditions on the coast of the Baltic Sea brought their own peculiarities to the border guard service. I had to master the secrets of carrying out service at new border sections, methods of detaining border violators.

Before the start of the Great Patriotic War, the number of cases of violations of the border and territorial waters increased noticeably. Every now and then Finnish violators tried to cross the border, fascist submarines and warships snooped around.

Maslov found out about the war immediately - exactly at 4 o'clock in the morning on June 22, 1941, receiving a coded message about the beginning of hostilities. On that fateful night, he was on duty at the radio station. And the next day, in a group of five people, he was thrown to catch the enemy airborne assault.

The fire fight with the detected enemies was fleeting. And the border fighters managed to destroy the scouts without hindrance. But already on June 27, the border guards with battles began to retreat deep into the territory of Estonia to Kingisepp.

They retreated with battles, fighting for every stone and every settlement. Unfortunately, after a while they had to be left behind by the advancing fascists. So the border guards passed Staraya Russa, Pushkin and stood up to guard the army near Novgorod until July 5, 1941.

They caught crossbows, deserters, gunners of enemy aircraft. Once Maslov managed to see Kliment Efremovich Voroshilov at the command post, which was heading to the front line. After the surrender of Novgorod, they were redeployed to Tikhvin.

In June 1942, a year after the start of the war, on the Volkhov front near the village of Myasnoy Bor, Maslov participated in the withdrawal of the fighters of the 2nd Shock Army from the encirclement through a through-and-through corridor only a few hundred meters wide.

And the front letters-cocked hats flew


At the same time, Alexander Ilyich was accepted as a candidate for the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. And the fighter Maslov did not forget about his mother and constantly wrote letters. Despite the long period, most of them have survived. Read these lines.


Letter dated July 10, 1941.
Mom, don't worry too much about me.
I am still alive and well. Sorry for not writing for a long time, it was impossible. The war began. Was busy. We are retreating with battles. We left Estonia on June 30, 1941. Let's probably go further. That's all for now. Live, do not be bored and do not cry.
It is a national affair to defeat the enemy.


Letter dated July 17, 1941.
... Now I am on my own land. We retreat with battles. Now in Novgorod.

Letter dated July 23, 1941.
… Mom, don't worry about me - after all, everything happens in life. And our sacred task now is to destroy the fascist bastard without sparing our lives ... For now, write to the old address: field mail 557 PO Box 71/2.

Letter dated September 2, 1941.
... I am whole. Difficulties only educate in a person the strength to Victory over the enemy. Now I am not far from Leningrad. Rainy weather.

Letter dated October 18, 1941.
... Winter has already come. Snow fell, but neither cold, nor bullets, nor shells take us. Battle-hardened people always win. We, the Komsomol, will take many more enemy lives for the shed tears and blood of our fathers, brothers and mothers. We beat enemies in the Stalinist way, and, as you can see, Mom, there is no time to be bored.
Write to the following address: Acting Red Army, field mail Station No. 10, p / box "53, 10 NKVD frontier detachment, subdivision 29, Maslov A.I.


Letter dated January 22, 1942.
... Don't worry about me. They dressed us well. And not a single frost takes. We will end the victorious war, we will destroy all the Fritzes on our land, and then I will return home if I am alive. Don't be bored, but as long as you have strength, help the front, and don't worry about us! There was not, is not, and there will not be such a force in the world to defeat us !!!

Letter dated July 9, 1942.
… There are big, heavy battles going on, but we are making progress. It is very difficult to pass through the old places where the battles used to take place. There were big villages, blooming gardens, the Nazis turned it all into a desert. But they will get it hard, these marauders ...
Mom, now it should be so that everyone has left to defend the Motherland, and you’ll get bored out of your head. Let's end the victorious war. Then we will all meet, if we are alive, and if not, then the future generation will remember our glorious deeds ...


The Fritz went on the offensive. We got a lift


Border guard Alexander Ilyich Maslov fought in the 175th Ural division of the 70th army of the NKVD troops, which took part in the Battle of Kursk. After grandiose battles and offensive movements, the fighter still wrote home to his mother.


Letter dated August 10, 1943. (Battle of Kursk).
I am alive and well. He was awarded the medal "For Courage". We are driving the Fritzes from our land. Well, we give them a bite to eat. There is absolutely no time. Fighting all the time. Many of my comrades have died. It was possible to write, but you read the newspapers, they describe our whole fighting life ...

Letter dated August 21, 1943.
Hello dear mommy !!!
Excuse me for not writing for so long, you are already worried about me, but there was no free time. There was such a hot work, and now we are resting, and we have free time, so now I will describe everything in detail.

As you know, on July 5 the Fritzes went on the offensive! We got a lift. And from July 5 to the present day we did not know any rest. Believe me, Mom, I didn’t want to sleep, but only to go forward and forward, to liberate our native land and tortured people. Oh, how much joy it was, how they welcomed us. It’s impossible to describe.

We held the defense tight. The Nazis climbed, and we beat them and did not leave the place, stood to death. The hottest day was July 10th. On this day, the earth rose into the air, and nothing was visible around, but the days were terrible and hot!

The "Tigers" and the planes did not help them, we ground everything, and then went on the offensive ourselves. Oh, and we gave them a bite, where the hands, where the legs! The Fritzes will remember them all their lives. This is how we beat them, knowing that you are helping us with your work, we know that Stalin is looking at us!

I was recently admitted to the Communist Party and received a membership card. These are my news... I'm sending you a small card, but I didn't get out there well. I do not receive letters from anyone. Write how you live, what's new in Moscow? How do relatives live? So far, I have everything. Write more often.
Goodbye, kiss you hard.
Sasha.


Many of the guys who were drafted together with Maslov in 1940 to the border troops from the Leninsky district of Moscow did not return home from the war.

Every year after the war, Alexander Ilyich, on Victory Day, came to Gorky Park to meet veterans of the Great Patriotic War. On this day in May, it was a great joy for him to see among the front-line soldiers of the border guards of his draft and the 10th native border regiment.

Eternal memory to all of them!

Based on materials from the Archive of the Organizing Committee for the perpetuation of the feat of Lieutenant Alexander Romanovsky.
Author:
Photos used:
pastvu.ru, tsvetyzhizni.ru
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  1. Flashpoint
    Flashpoint April 10 2021 05: 01
    +5
    Letter dated July 9, 1942.
    … There are big, heavy battles, but we are moving forward. It is very difficult to pass through the old places where the battles used to take place. There were big villages, blooming gardens, the Nazis turned it all into a desert. But they will get it hard, these marauders ...
    Mom, now it should be so that everyone has left to defend the Motherland, and you’ll get bored out of your head. Let's end the victorious war. Then we will all meet, if we are alive, and if not, then the future generation will remember our glorious deeds ...


    The memory of the marauders is short and selective ...
    1. apro
      apro April 10 2021 05: 43
      -3
      Quote: Flashpoint
      The memory of the marauders is short and selective ...

      Today, these marauders include the Russians, who completely destroyed what the hero of the article fought for.
      1. Andrey Korotkov
        Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 10: 40
        +3
        Quote: apro
        Quote: Flashpoint
        The memory of the marauders is short and selective ...

        Today, these marauders include the Russians, who completely destroyed what the hero of the article fought for.

        I wonder what you are fighting for, you are happy?
        1. apro
          apro April 10 2021 10: 42
          -5
          Quote: Andrey Korotkov
          I wonder what you are fighting for, you are happy?

          For the USSR.
          1. Andrey Korotkov
            Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 14: 45
            +2
            Quote: apro
            Quote: Andrey Korotkov
            I wonder what you are fighting for, you are happy?

            For the USSR.

            Forward! I'm afraid to spoil the wonderful word Comrade.
            1. apro
              apro April 10 2021 14: 51
              -4
              Quote: Andrey Korotkov
              I'm afraid to spoil the beautiful word Comrade.

              Do not be afraid of the Russian. Everything he could. you messed up a long time ago.
              1. Andrey Korotkov
                Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 15: 05
                +5
                Quote: apro
                Quote: Andrey Korotkov
                I'm afraid to spoil the beautiful word Comrade.

                Do not be afraid of the Russian. Everything he could. you messed up a long time ago.

                Born, kindergarten, school, army, wedding, the birth of a son, work, apparently you have a different angry
                1. apro
                  apro April 10 2021 15: 08
                  -4
                  Quote: Andrey Korotkov
                  Born, kindergarten, school, army, wedding, the birth of a son, work, apparently you have a different

                  The same thing, but I am not pedaling the topic of racial superiority, the exclusivity of the national order.
                2. Mordvin 3
                  Mordvin 3 April 10 2021 15: 33
                  +3
                  Quote: Andrey Korotkov
                  Born, kindergarten, school, army, wedding, the birth of a son, work, apparently you have a different

                  Can't you see how things are changing? They made fun of me on another resource when I said that our director greeted everyone by the hand, and the chief engineer could easily borrow vodka until paycheck.
                  1. Flashpoint
                    Flashpoint April 10 2021 16: 21
                    +1
                    Quote: mordvin xnumx
                    Quote: Andrey Korotkov
                    Born, kindergarten, school, army, wedding, the birth of a son, work, apparently you have a different

                    Can't you see how things are changing? They made fun of me on another resource when I said that our director greeted everyone by the hand, and the chief engineer could easily borrow vodka until paycheck.

                    Yes, there is no such unity as before. But all the individualists have become. Everyone is his own master. It seems to be. wink
                    1. Mordvin 3
                      Mordvin 3 April 10 2021 16: 44
                      +1
                      Quote: Flashpoint
                      Everyone is his own master.

                      I can't catch such a single "owner" in any way. He, filthy, paid me 35 thousand in 11 days, and he himself received 300. I will catch a freak - I will lose it.
                      1. Flashpoint
                        Flashpoint April 10 2021 17: 49
                        +3
                        Quote: mordvin xnumx
                        Quote: Flashpoint
                        Everyone is his own master.

                        I can't catch such a single "owner" in any way. He, filthy, paid me 35 thousand in 11 days, and he himself received 300. I will catch a freak - I will lose it.

                        This is already a scam topic. Here - was the contract on paper or not. The main truth of the scam is when the leader receives as many as 3-10 of his subordinates combined. And often a worthless leader, they just put him in office.
                      2. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 April 10 2021 17: 51
                        +1
                        The pepper is clear, there was no agreement on a piece of paper.
  • Olgovich
    Olgovich April 10 2021 06: 28
    0
    ... But already 27 June the border guards began to retreat with battles deep into the territory of Estonia to Kingisepp.

    It is somehow incomprehensible: there were no Germans in Estonia on June 27.

    also :
    Letter dated July 10, 1941.
    Mom, don't worry too much about me.
    I am still alive and well. Sorry for not writing for a long time, it was impossible. The war began. Was busy. We move away with fights. We left Estonia on June 30 1941 of the year. Let's probably go further
    recourse

    It is surprising that the censorship did not muddy the information about troop movements.
  • bubalik
    bubalik April 10 2021 09: 27
    +7
    Major Sergei Mikhailovich Skorodumov.

    ,,, also an interesting biography.
    Member of the Civil War to fight gangs and insurgency in 1921-1923. In the NKVD troops since 1921. In 1929 at the Chinese Eastern Railway and in 1936 he took part in operations against the Japanese, in 1939 in Western Ukraine to fight gangs. He was awarded the medal of the XX years of the Red Army in 1938, was awarded the title "Honored Worker of the NKVD" and was awarded with military weapons from the OGPU Collegium.
    1. WHAT IS
      WHAT IS April 10 2021 11: 35
      +9
      feat of Lieutenant Alexander Romanovsky.

      are also worthy of the memory of the people


      18 border guards were posthumously nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union:
      Amelchukov Grigory Alekseevich (Altai Territory)
      Arslangereev Ilyas Akbulatovich (Dagestan ASSR)
      Voevodin Ivan Antonovich (Oryol region), sergeant, squad leader
      Voskoboev Mikhail Ulyanovich (Oryol region)
      Gaidamatchenko Grigory Dorofeevich (Ukrainian SSR), senior sergeant, assistant platoon commander
      Durnakov Mikhail Nikolaevich (Oryol region)
      Emelyanov Vasily Alekseevich (Orenburg region), corporal, sniper
      Enin Anatoly Fedotovich (Oryol region)
      Zhurgenov Ordalbai (Kazakh SSR)
      Semyon Egorovich Zolotukhin (Kursk region)
      Ivanov Stepan Alexandrovich (Orenburg region), junior sergeant, squad leader
      Kokashkin Ivan Nikolaevich (Orenburg region)
      Novoselov Nikolay Afanasyevich (Chelyabinsk region)
      Patrikhin Petr Pavlovich (Ukrainian SSR)
      Pikalov Vasily Daniilovich (Ukrainian SSR), sergeant, squad leader
      Rafikov Rakhman Ofetakovich (Orenburg region)
      Romanovsky Alexander Demyanovich (Kazakh SSR), lieutenant, platoon commander
      Senderov Timofey Afanasevich (Novosibirsk region)
      In their last battle, the platoon commander and all of the platoon soldiers were killed. The platoon of Lieutenant Romanovsky completed the task, delaying the German units and not allowing them to advance further.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 April 10 2021 12: 52
        +1
        Quote: WHAT IS

        18 border guards were posthumously nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union:
        Amelchukov Grigory Alekseevich (Altai Territory)
        Countryman.
        In their last battle, the platoon commander and all of the platoon soldiers were killed. The platoon of Lieutenant Romanovsky completed the task, delaying the German units and not allowing them to advance further.

        In the 2013 year:
        The press center of the Biysk administration reported that the department of the military commissariat of the Altai Territory for the city of Biysk and the Biysk region received a request from the military commissariat of the Altai Territory to search for relatives of Grigory Alekseevich Amelchukov, a native of the Biysk region, who took part in the Battle of Kursk and heroically died in July 1943 of the year.
        Grigory Alekseevich was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the first degree. In the archives of the department of the military commissariat of the Altai Territory in the city of Biysk and the Biysk district there is information about Amelchukov Grigory Alekseevich, his relatives are not.

        In the same year, comments to the press center of the Biysk administration:
        Initially, the former border guard Grigory Alekseevich Amelchukov presented himself as the commander of the 224th Pamir Rifle Regiment for posthumous assignment to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
      2. bubalik
        bubalik April 10 2021 16: 29
        0
        Good day!
        18 border guards were posthumously nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union:

        ,,, but the SCAC was not approved request 8 months after the death, all 18 people were awarded posthumously only the Orders of the Patriotic War of the XNUMXst degree.

  • Vladimir Mashkov
    Vladimir Mashkov April 10 2021 11: 31
    +6
    My father was also a border guard.
    And I went through two wars.
    There were more awards, but it doesn't matter.
    The important thing is that they defended the Motherland!
  • voyaka uh
    voyaka uh April 10 2021 20: 42
    +3
    "... Now I am on my own land. We are retreating with battles. Now in Novgorod."

    Such a letter could not be sent. A tribunal was relied on for him.
    There was strict military censorship.
    It was forbidden to mention the settlements, the place where the letter was written,
    It was forbidden to write about retreats.
    Only the weather, health, clothes, children, congratulations.
  • avia12005
    avia12005 13 June 2021 09: 22
    0
    How many such letters are kept in our families ... We need to digitize and upload them!