Military Review

Fleet near-term perspective: R-29RMU2.1 "Liner" ballistic missile

44

SSBN K-114 "Tula", standard carrier of missiles "Sineva" and "Liner", as well as a test participant R-29RMU-2.1


At present, submarine missile carriers of three projects are operated as part of the naval component of Russia's strategic nuclear forces, carrying three different missile systems with different missiles. The leading place in the structure of the strategic nuclear forces is still occupied by the SSBN of the project 667BDRM. For their rearmament in the recent past, the D-9RMU2.1 missile system with the R-29RMU2.1 "Liner" missile was created.

Consistent development


From 1984 to 1990, seven SSBNs of the project 667BDRM "Dolphin" were accepted into the Soviet Navy. Over the next decades, they were to remain the newest and most advanced in the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces. In the initial version, the Dolphins carried the D-9RM missile system with 16 R-29RM missiles, developed at the G.R. Makeeva. This composition of weapons remained until the beginning of the XNUMXs, when the first modernization program was launched.

By the end of the nineties, the modernized D-9RMU2 missile system with the R-29RMU2 Sineva SLBM was developed. In 1999, such missiles went into series, and soon the process of updating the carrier submarines began. As they underwent medium repairs, the ships received the necessary equipment to use the new missiles.

By the end of the 9s, there was a need for the next update of the weapons complex. Soon, this led to the emergence of a new modification of the missile system with the D-2.1RMU29 index. The deep modernization of Sineva received the designation R-2.1RMUXNUMX and the name Liner.


Rocket R-29RM - original weapon "Dolphins". Subsequent missiles of the family have a similar exterior.

The Liner development work started in 2008. The development of the project took only a few years. The draft version of the project was ready by mid-2009, and already in 2010, testing of prototypes began. The Liner development work was officially completed on March 31, 2011.

Testing and operation


On May 20, 2011, the first test launch of the Liner took place from a standard launch vehicle. SSBN K-84 "Yekaterinburg" North fleet from the water area of ​​the Barents Sea launched a rocket at training targets at the Kamchatka training ground "Kura". Start and flight were carried out normally; inert warheads successfully hit the intended targets with a given accuracy.

The second tests took place on September 29 of the same year. This time the K-114 Tula submarine became the experimental carrier of the Liner. The missile was launched in the Barents Sea and successfully delivered combat equipment to Kamchatka. New launches were not carried out as part of state tests.

Already in October 2011, the successful completion of flight tests of the D-9RMU2.1 complex and the R-29RMU2.1 rocket was announced. The products received a recommendation for adoption and were approved for mass production. According to the plans of the command, in the near future all SSBNs of project 667BDRM were to undergo rearmament with the introduction of a promising missile. Also mentioned was the possibility of re-equipping older ships of the project 667BDR "Kalmar", but such a program was not carried out.

Fleet near-term perspective: R-29RMU2.1 "Liner" ballistic missile

Loading the "Sineva" product into the launcher

At the beginning of 2012, the command of the fleet reported that the new "Liner" would not have to be put into service. This was due to the fact that it was about an existing rocket undergoing modernization. Consequently, no specific procedures were required associated with the emergence of new samples. However, on January 31, 2014, the Russian government issued a decree on the acceptance of the D-9RMU2.1 complex with the R-29RMU2.1 SLBMs into service with the navy.

Already in 2011, the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant mastered the serial production of new missiles. As reported, at that time, the Sineva product remained in the series, and for some time it was produced in parallel with the Liner. Subsequently, the production of R-29RMU2 was phased out in favor of a newer SLBM.

Ways of modernization


According to open data, the Liner rocket is a deep modernization of the previous Sineva. The main structural elements and instrumentation have undergone various modifications. At the same time, the main attention is paid to updating and increasing the effectiveness of combat equipment and means of overcoming missile defense.

R-29RMU2.1 retains the dimensions and weight of the base product - length 15 m with a diameter of 1,9 m, launch weight - 40,3 tons. The three-stage scheme and liquid propulsion systems at all stages are preserved. At the same time, the dimensions of the steps were changed and other solutions were introduced. The launch range remained the same, up to 11 thousand km.

Launch of the "Liner" is carried out from the standard mine installation of submarines of project 667BDRM. After passing through the modernization and installation of the necessary instruments, the carrier submarine is able to use new missiles. It also retains full compatibility with the older "Blue". In the course of the exercises in recent years, the Dolphins have used both types of missiles.


Loading "Liner"

Several options for combat equipment have been proposed for the Liner SLBM. The missile can carry warheads of low and medium power (up to 500 kt), as well as a complex of means of overcoming missile defense. One missile is capable of carrying from 4 blocks of medium power to 10 low-power, as well as anti-missile defense systems of various configurations. It is curious that the low-yield warhead is similar to that used in the Topol-M, Yars and Bulava complexes.

Benefit the Navy


The creation and adoption of the R-29RMU2.1 "Liner" rocket made it possible to solve several urgent problems and had a positive effect on the state and prospects of the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces. With the help of the new missile, it was possible to improve the prospects of the submarine forces, as well as expand their combat capabilities.

Due to the transition to the "Liners" it was possible to extend the planned service life of the existing SSBNs of pr. 667BDRM. According to the plans of the beginning of the last decade, such ships will be able to continue service until at least 2025-30. and retain the required efficiency. The possibility of extending the service life is of particular importance due to the specifics of the combat strength of the submarine forces and its prospects.

At the moment, there are five submarines of project 667BDRM in combat, all serve in the Northern Fleet. Another ship is undergoing medium repairs and will return to service in the future. Dolphins are still the main strategic submarine missile carriers. The newer pr. 955 "Borey" is still outnumbered by them, and this situation will begin to change only this year - with the delivery of the fifth and sixth cruisers.


R-29RMU2 rocket launch from the Tula submarine, November 2014

At the same time, an equal number of submarines will not yet ensure equality in the number of missiles. A group of six Dolphins can carry up to 96 R-29RMU2 / 2.1 products, while six Boreyevs are equipped with only 72 Bulava missiles. Similar trends are observed in the theoretical number of deployed warheads.

Retaining the main components and assemblies of the previous "Sineva", the new "Liner" received improved combat equipment. The presence of two types of warheads and different variants of means of overcoming missile defense allows you to make various combinations of combat load. This provides greater flexibility in the use of SLBMs and facilitates the preparation of plans for the deployment of strategic nuclear forces, taking into account the existing restrictions, strategies, etc.

Today and tomorrow


The near future of the underwater component of the strategic nuclear forces is determined by work in two directions. The first provides for the construction of modern SSBNs of the project 955 (A) and the production of R-30 "Bulava" missiles for them. The creation of a large grouping "Boreyev" is complex and takes a lot of time, and all the desired results will be obtained no earlier than the middle of the current decade.

The second task is to maintain the technical condition and combat effectiveness of the existing cruisers of the project 667BDRM, while maintaining a special status. For this very purpose, at the turn of the 9s and 2.1s, the modernized D-XNUMXRMUXNUMX missile system with the Liner missile was developed, which has a number of important advantages over previous systems.

Project 667BDRM submarines with R-29RMU2.1 missiles generally meet the current requirements for strategic missile-carrying submarines and make a decisive contribution to the nuclear deterrence of a potential enemy. However, their age imposes certain restrictions, and in the foreseeable future, such ships will have to be withdrawn from the fleet, replacing them with modern ones. It is unlikely that new projects for the modernization of Dolphins and Liner will appear in the future, however, in their current form, they will be able to continue service for the next 5-10 years, effectively solving the assigned tasks.
Author:
Photos used:
GRTs them. V.P. Makeeva, Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
44 comments
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins April 2 2021 18: 23
    +7
    Thanks. Even this not a sailoras I was all clear. The article is easy to read.
    1. mvg
      mvg April 3 2021 07: 16
      -23%
      The article, as usual, is crammed with errors ... but he licked it up well. Offset.
      1. Toucan
        Toucan April 3 2021 10: 58
        -3
        Quote: mvg
        The article, as usual, is crammed with errors ... but he licked it up well. Offset.

        That only this statement is worth:
        The leading place in the structure of the strategic nuclear forces is still occupied by the SSBN of the project 667BDRM ...
        Generally speaking, in the Russian strategic nuclear forces, the leading role is played by silo ICBMs and mobile ground complexes.
      2. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins April 3 2021 18: 02
        +5
        That is, to express gratitude is for you "licked"?
        Then, according to your logic, you go to the doctor with your tongue sticking out? Well, how - not to mention the topic of words of gratitude for the consultation!
        However, the fact that you froze stupidity and vulgarity was noted by many ...
        1. mvg
          mvg April 3 2021 19: 45
          -6
          That is, to express gratitude is for you "licked"?

          Words of gratitude speak for a well-done, professional work. In this case, an article. If the article is teeming with errors, elementary, then the author has no place on this site. During the time that the author hangs out on VO, even a monkey would know how many mines are on Dolphins or Borei, how many warheads are on Bulava, Sinev or Liner. How many types of SSBNs are in the fleet .. how many combat-ready, under repair or modernization. The article, sorry, just sucks ... for a more truthful word - ban.
          PS: If it was a fresh author or for the first time, and the most "raw" materials on VO, together with Polonsky. At the same time, he does not specialize in any subject. Therefore, your gratitude - it was "licked", it's a pity I did not find the gif ^ ki suitable.
          Did you emphasize something new for yourself from this raw material?
          1. The leader of the Redskins
            The leader of the Redskins April 3 2021 20: 14
            +1
            Does it bother me that I immediately indicated that I do not belong to the marine class? Namely, as a land traveler, it was easy for me to read. The exact number of mines is as important to me as the number of tracks in a tank track is to you. That is not fatal. And you break into banal vulgarity.
            1. mvg
              mvg April 12 2021 23: 26
              0
              Namely, as a landlord, it was easy for me to read

              It's easy to read, it's easier to write ... We take several articles from the Internet that were already partially copied from each other, we do another copy-paste, adding the number of repetitions in the article to indigestible. We insert pictures, as it seems to the affor, on the topic and voila ... another masterpiece ready.
              The fact that the author is not an expert in any field does not bother him .. money goes for the number of characters in the article. therefore, the articles are stretched ... performance characteristics are not present in them, as well as facts, footnotes .. since here dandelion pierce as easy as shelling pears.
              And the amount of heresy is off scale. Some afftors take it with courtyard slang ... and with well-chosen topics, experience, other knowledge and professionalism, they are ready to defend their point of view, while others have formed an idea that he promotes ... and in this case - just finita .. and after years nothing does not change. For a long time, bears ride bicycles, elephants dance, monkeys count, and Ryabov, nichrome, does not learn anything.
      3. Non liberoid Russian
        Non liberoid Russian April 12 2021 14: 08
        0
        yes, you yourself managed to write with mistakes, so it's not surprising that mistakes are seen everywhere
  2. mark1
    mark1 April 2 2021 18: 39
    +11
    while six Boreys are equipped with only 72 Bulava missiles.

    Oops! How is that !? Oh no no no!!! Wikipedia to help you, the author.
    1. Flooding
      Flooding April 2 2021 19: 11
      +3
      Quote: mark1
      Oops! How is that !? Oh no no no!!! Wikipedia to help you, the author.

      Yes, the new Boreas carry more
      Something the author did not master with arithmetic.
      1. mark1
        mark1 April 2 2021 19: 15
        +5
        He drew information from the old project with "Bark" - not carefully.
        1. Flooding
          Flooding April 2 2021 19: 21
          +1
          the first buildings seemed to differ from the subsequent ones
          1. mark1
            mark1 April 2 2021 19: 26
            +4
            According to Wikipedia, yes, but 16 missile silos were originally intended for the Bulava variant.
          2. bayard
            bayard April 3 2021 13: 08
            +4
            Quote: Flood
            the first buildings seemed to differ from the subsequent ones

            The very first, which had 12 mines for "Bark". It was simply adapted for the "Bulava". All subsequent ones had 16 missiles.
            1. Flooding
              Flooding April 3 2021 13: 46
              0
              Quote: bayard
              The very first, which had 12 mines for "Bark". It was simply adapted for "Bulava"

              the very first building from another project
              exactly that project was planned for Bark
              and then converted to Borey
              so it will not be more correct?
              1. bayard
                bayard April 3 2021 15: 24
                0
                Yes, I have already clarified. I wrote it from memory.
        2. PSih2097
          PSih2097 April 2 2021 20: 48
          +4
          Quote: mark1
          He drew information from the old project with "Bark" - not carefully.

          Makeevsky "Bark" (D-19UTTH) went under the 941 project and under the SSBN of the new generation "Borey", but what MIIT got into the development of SLBMs with its naval counterpart "Topol-M" and how many rolled back for this - only Mr. Solomin knows. ..
      2. Aleksandr1971
        Aleksandr1971 April 3 2021 07: 11
        0
        And on the Dolphins, 20 R-29 missiles of different modifications. So there should be 29 R120 missiles on six Dolphins, not 96.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 April 2 2021 18: 48
    +1
    The rocket-core shield ... you can't do without it yet.
  4. URAL72
    URAL72 April 2 2021 19: 07
    +2
    6 Boreev 72, 6 Dolphins 96 missiles. This is not out of economy, it is thanks to START-3. It is even more convenient for us from land, the more Avangard and PGRK are needed. But I think that the limit of 1700-2000 warheads is beneficial for us only economically, militarily, we need more than 3000. Due to the obsolescence of TNW, where we had serious advantages, Russia is losing the ability to send everyone to hell. We'll have to arrange a competition. Yes, there are new media, but there are few of them and they are expensive. So the extension of START-3 should be the last - further build-up. No arms race. New treaty - 3000. And the inclusion of France and Britain. Let them together have more, but no more than 10-15%.
    1. Eldorado
      Eldorado April 2 2021 19: 09
      +6
      Borei and Dolphins carry the same number of missiles - 16.
      1. Flooding
        Flooding April 2 2021 19: 13
        0
        Quote: El Dorado
        Borei and Dolphins carry the same number of missiles - 16.

        the first Borei, which were made from the existing reserves of the hulls, in fact, could have 12 launchers each.
        but it's definitely not about the 955M
        1. alexander1
          alexander1 April 2 2021 19: 44
          +4
          All Borei are carrying 16 missiles!
          http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-338.html
          Not as the ultimate truth, but simply as very detailed information.
          Yes, and in the photo and video of the boats, you can simply count on the covers of the mines, Starting with Dolgoruky, all 16 mines have.
          And the number 12 was taken from the first version of the project for the D-19UTTH Bark rocket, which was created on the basis of the complex for Sharks (Typhoons) and there is a completely different launch mass of the rocket (up to 80 tons instead of 40 for Bulava) and there are 16 missiles in a displacement of 955 simply not fit. Dolgoruky, just under the name of St. Petersburg, was laid under 12 BARK missiles, but in the same year the boat was re-laid under the name Dolgoruky and under 16 D30 Bulava missiles. So, there really is a flaw in the article)))
          6 Boats - 96 missiles for both projects, although the maximum mass of the dropped cargo for Sineva and Liner is 2800 kg somewhere in two times more than that of Bulava, which is declared as 1150 kg
      2. URAL72
        URAL72 April 2 2021 19: 22
        0
        For a minus thanks, But this is a quote from the author. Moreover, in the book "Submarines of Russia", 12 missiles were also indicated.
        1. alexander1
          alexander1 April 2 2021 19: 56
          0

          Count the covers of the mines in the photo of Dolgoruky's sea trials in 2009
    2. bayard
      bayard April 3 2021 13: 50
      +1
      Quote: URAL72
      But I think that the limitation of 1700-2000 warheads is beneficial for us only economically, militarily, we need more than 3000. Due to the obsolescence of TNW,

      It is unlikely that the present will go for it. They give the role of the destroyer of contracts to a "respected partner".
      But it's worth thinking about increasing the number of carriers and BBs on them. And not only because of England and France. There are other owners of nuclear weapons on strategic delivery vehicles. So China announced plans and goals to increase the number of BB on strategic delivery vehicles to 1000 units.
      We are of course partners with China ... but we are not allies - fellow travelers.
      Temporary.
      According to China itself.
      And Britain and France should be considered as members of the NATO bloc - together with the United States.
      And for the sake of economy - to equip "Daggers" and future "Zircons" with YABCh.
      For the balance in the Eurozone.
      And for balance in the Far East.
      Where Japan is excessively active in ambition.
      And for equality of threats with the United States, the Borei-K SSGN is needed on duty under the shores of North America.
  5. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz April 2 2021 19: 47
    0
    Delfiny APL 2.pok., Boreyi 3.
    Kakoy est zabrosivaemiy ves Laynera?
    Mozhet startovat iz pod leda?
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 April 2 2021 20: 54
      +2
      Quote: CastroRuiz
      Delfiny APL 2.pok., Boreyi 3.
      Kakoy est zabrosivaemiy ves Laynera?
      Mozhet startovat iz pod leda?

      2 tons.
      Yes maybe.
      Types of warheads:
      - 12 x low-power MIRV (data not confirmed, probably can be used after adjusting the numerical material in control and computing systems);
      - 10 x low-power MIRVs with KSP missile defense (complex of means of overcoming missile defense);
      - 8 x low-power MIRVs with reinforced KSP ABM (missile defense penetration complex), can be used after adjusting the numerical material in control and computing systems;
      - 4 x medium-power homing missiles with a missile defense system (a set of missile defense systems);
      - mixed load of warheads of small and medium power with and without missile defense
      1. CastroRuiz
        CastroRuiz April 3 2021 09: 14
        0
        Spasibo za info.
  6. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 April 2 2021 22: 48
    +1
    need to develop the submarine fleet
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 April 3 2021 16: 53
      +1
      Quote: vladimir1155
      need to develop the submarine fleet

      we need to make a balanced fleet, and we are rushed from one extreme to another ...
  7. Pavel57
    Pavel57 April 3 2021 01: 38
    +1
    Quote: mark1
    He drew information from the old project with "Bark" - not carefully.


    It's a pity "Bark" was closed.
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 April 3 2021 16: 54
      +1
      Quote: Pavel57
      Quote: mark1
      He drew information from the old project with "Bark" - not carefully.


      It's a pity "Bark" was closed.

      Well, yes ... Then 941 projects would be alive ... "Sharks" is really a pity.
  8. SovAr238A
    SovAr238A April 3 2021 10: 14
    +4
    I was the only one who was puzzled by the question: "Why do we have a new rocket every 10 years?"
    Which, well, must be changed to new ones ...
    And even to produce in parallel both the old and the new
    What for?
    Why can't you do it right at once?
    There, each rocket worth more than 1,5 billion rubles is not cheap ...

    Why did the enemy Trident start the first modernization (without replacing them with new ones) after almost 20 years of service - in order to bring the total service life to 45 years ...

    And here - every 10 years to change to new ones ...

    Feast in Time of Plague..
    1. Pilat2009
      Pilat2009 3 June 2021 14: 06
      0
      Quote: SovAr238A
      I was the only one who was puzzled by the question: "Why do we have a new rocket every 10 years?"

      In order to overcome the missile defense, which is also developing. The Americans do not need to overcome the missile defense, accordingly, they are satisfied with the old missiles. In addition, Ukraine made some of the silo missiles.
  9. Alexei
    Alexei April 3 2021 13: 30
    0
    Bulova didn't go?
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 April 3 2021 16: 56
      +1
      Quote: Alexei
      Bulova didn't go?

      it's just that the wrong design bureau was engaged in this topic ... And as you know, unification (land and water) did not bring anyone to good.
  10. hostel
    hostel April 9 2021 09: 35
    0
    From my point of view, the Liner was made as a reserve in case the Mace does not fly.
  11. kimlykvp
    kimlykvp April 9 2021 12: 10
    0
    The author acted according to the principle: he heard the ringing, but did not know where he was.
  12. demchuk.ig
    demchuk.ig April 13 2021 16: 02
    0
    So "nice" to write and so liquid about .. to get in the number of missiles ?? An article for Avia pro!
  13. zimzinov
    zimzinov April 14 2021 13: 35
    0
    There should be enough warheads for all NATO. And with a margin. And START-3 is hindering us in this. A superfluous contract in a modern creepy world.
  14. Evgeny Seleznev
    Evgeny Seleznev April 27 2021 20: 22
    -1
    Quote "Currently, submarine missile carriers of three projects are operated as part of the naval component of Russia's strategic nuclear forces, carrying three different missile systems with different missiles." The question of the unification of weapons. It is cheaper to have one type of missiles, one type of MBT, one I, IB. A venegrette made from different types of weapons for similar tasks is an extremely unfortunate choice.
  15. xomaNN
    xomaNN 10 May 2021 12: 57
    0
    Sevmash together with the St. Petersburg submarine design bureaus regularly replenish the striking power of the Russian Navy! Keep it up! And I was involved in these processes in the 80s.
  16. Aleksandr65
    Aleksandr65 9 June 2021 10: 52
    0
    BDRM are already undergoing the second or third repairs and leave the factory with great restrictions due to the natural aging of the durable hull. As a surface carrier with liner missiles, they are beautiful, but how to dive - sweat on your forehead !!!