Military Review

Expedition "Umka-2021". Submarines, aircraft and Arctic potential

45

On March 20, an integrated Arctic expedition "Umka-2021" was launched in the Arctic Ocean and in the surrounding areas. During these exercises, the ships fleet, ground units and specialists of scientific organizations had to conduct several dozen different events. At the same time, only one thing attracted the greatest attention of the public and specialists - the surfacing of submarine missile carriers right on the ice field.


In harsh conditions


Expedition "Umka-2021" started on March 20. The Franz Josef Land archipelago, Alexandra Land Island and the nearest waters covered with solid ice were chosen as a testing ground for such maneuvers. The average air temperature in the area of ​​the expedition did not exceed -25 ° C. Wind gusts reached 30-32 m / s. Ice thickness - approx. 1,5 m.

The expedition was organized by the Navy and the Russian Geographical Society. The purpose of the expedition was to carry out a complex of practical and combat training, as well as research activities. Over the course of several days, it was planned to hold 43 separate events of various kinds, incl. more than a dozen scientific studies.


Refueling of MiG-31 interceptors to reach the North Pole

More than 2021 servicemen of different types of troops and civilian specialists took part in Umka-600. Also involved approx. 200 units weapons, military and other equipment. The expedition plan provided for the use of various equipment, from snowmobiles to strategic submarines, as well as the use of various weapons - from machine guns to torpedoes.

The Ministry of Defense notes that some of the combat training activities were carried out for the first time in domestic practice. Such novelties included the tactical exercise of the Arctic motorized rifle brigade in the conditions of the islands of the Arctic Ocean. In addition, a pair of MiG-31 interceptors flew over the North Pole for the first time, which required mid-air refueling.


Project 667BDRM submarine breaks the ice

Such an expedition with the participation of military and civilian specialists with the solution of a wide range of various tasks was organized for the first time. In the future, it is planned to conduct new expeditions of this kind, with the help of which it will be possible to study and develop other regions of the Arctic.

Central episode


The greatest interest of specialists and the public was aroused by an episode with the participation of the submarine forces of the Northern Fleet, which took place a few days ago. The navy was represented by three strategic missile submarines of two types - two nuclear submarines of the project 667BDRM and one representative of the project 955. The names of the ships are still unknown.

The submarines went to the specified area near the island. Land of Alexandra and began to fulfill the assigned tasks. One of the cruisers performed practical torpedo firing from a submerged position. Later, a hole was set up at the torpedo's ascent point, and the valuable product was lifted out of the water.


After reconnaissance of the situation and the necessary preparation, all three submarines rose to the surface, breaking through the ice cover. Competent actions of the crews allowed all three ships to surface in a limited area with a radius of only 300 m. After carrying out the following measures determined by the expedition program, the submarines made a dive and continued to move along the specified routes.

On March 26, the Ministry of Defense published a short video showing the process of submarines surfacing through the ice. A few days later, the foreign company Maxar Technologies showed a satellite image of the surfacing area. It showed all three submarines and a large hole in the ice, probably made to extract the torpedo.

Main results


Immediately after the surface of the submarines, last Friday, the command of the Navy revealed basic information about the progress of the expedition. At that time, more than 35 tasks out of the planned 43 were completed. The members of the expedition showed high proficiency and demonstrated their skills. The equipment and weapons involved confirmed the declared characteristics and the ability to work in Arctic conditions.


Thus, the Arctic grouping of the Russian armed forces has once again confirmed its high potential in solving a number of tasks in the difficult polar climate. The capabilities of ground units, combat aviation and submarine forces. In addition, the military helped the Russian Geographical Society with conducting research, the results of which can probably be used in the interests of the army and civilian structures.

However, in recent events, the operation for the simultaneous operation of several SSBNs under the ice with subsequent ascent to the surface is of particular importance. During this event, the special capabilities of the submarine forces were shown, suitable for use in the processes of strategic deterrence.

Submarine capabilities


The Arctic Ocean is of great interest as an area for combat duty of strategic missile submarines. Thick ice reliably protects the submarine from observation and detection from the surface, from the air or from space. However, duty in this region is highly complex and dangerous.


When driving under ice, navigation becomes difficult and there is no possibility of an emergency ascent. Regular ascent to the surface is a complex procedure with lengthy preparation. So, it is necessary to look for an area of ​​ice of acceptable thickness with a flat underwater surface, without large protruding elements that threaten the submarine. There are other limitations and difficulties that distinguish surfacing in ice from working in clean water.

The Arctic Ocean is beneficial as a launch site. Using existing ballistic missiles, Russian SSBNs can control a significant part of the northern hemisphere, including the entire territory of a potential enemy. In this case, the launch is likely to be sudden, which turns out to be an additional deterrent.


Satellite image of submarines

Thus, a few days ago, three cruisers confirmed the ability of our submarine forces to work freely in the Arctic. Strategic submarines can be on duty to contain a potential enemy, as well as carry out combat training missile launches. In addition, multipurpose submarines may be present in the Arctic Ocean, whose task is to search for and destroy enemy SSBNs.

Arctic context


Expedition "Umka-2021" shows the capabilities of not only individual units and combat units. Simultaneous and large-scale operation of various structures was demonstrated, in the air, on land and on ice, as well as under water. In the future, more similar exercises are expected, which are likely to re-use dissimilar forces.

It should be noted that different regions of the Arctic regularly become training grounds for conducting exercises of various types of troops. The current expedition "Umka-2021" differs from them in the scale and complexity of the tasks set. The announcement of new maneuvers of this kind allows us to expect an increase in the intensity of exercises beyond the Arctic Circle. Regular exercises of limited scope will be maintained and will now be supplemented by periodic major expeditions.


One of the cruisers and the wormwood of unknown origin

There are obvious reasons for the launch of a series of major exercise expeditions. The Arctic is of great military-political and economic interest. In the past decade, our country has been carrying out active military construction and other activities in the region in order to protect its interests. Expedition "Umka-2021" is another step in this direction, and its scale indicates the achieved capabilities of the Russian army.

Thus, the expedition of the army and the Russian Geographical Society "Umka-2021" has successfully solved a number of the most important strategic and tactical tasks. Among other things, it allowed working out a number of important procedures, showed the capabilities of the fleet and the army, and also demonstrated Russia's serious intentions regarding the Arctic. Such events are planned to be held in the future - and it is very likely that they will again contain extremely interesting and illustrative episodes.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Maxar Technologies
45 comments
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 31 March 2021 03: 58
    +4
    The fighters' noses are covered, which means "Umka" for sure! smile

    The funds allocated for the exercises can be considered as funds invested in the country's economy!
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 31 March 2021 07: 53
      +2
      impressive ... this is the Service at the Men ... I take off my hat.
    2. GTYCBJYTH2021
      GTYCBJYTH2021 31 March 2021 10: 58
      -2
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      The fighters' noses are covered, which means "Umka" for sure! smile

      The funds allocated for the exercises can be considered as funds invested in the country's economy!

      There was a unique torpedo, if after its ascent a hole in the ice = and this is 1,5 meters cut and it was taken out ..... by hand, apparently .......... The film "Something" of the last century is just dregs. ...
      1. Machito
        Machito 31 March 2021 11: 07
        +1
        The Americans pull out their torpedoes from under the ice after training launches. Why are we worse?
      2. Stepan S
        Stepan S April 1 2021 20: 30
        0
        Torpedoes were always searched for and picked up after training launches. Sometimes they trawled the ocean for 10 days in search of a torpedo.
  2. tlauicol
    tlauicol 31 March 2021 04: 07
    +2
    I alone see four submarines?
    Is it possible to launch ICBMs in such ice on the hull at all?
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 31 March 2021 04: 19
      +1
      Top left corner? Optical illusion and good disguise lol Or maybe not ! belay
    2. Sofa batyr
      Sofa batyr 31 March 2021 04: 28
      +5
      Quote: Tlauicol
      I alone see four submarines?


      Is it (marked in the photo with an ellipse)?

      Perhaps it is not fourth The nuclear submarine, how can it be imagined, but accidentally and unplannedly caught in the frame, the place of the preliminary ascent of one of our boats for the landing of the film crew?
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 31 March 2021 04: 32
        -13%
        the group can be started by helicopter.
        ps On Pella, someone also surfaced yesterday ... belly upside down repeat
      2. arkadiyssk
        arkadiyssk 31 March 2021 07: 19
        +3
        On the fourth, not only the film crew was - you saw in the official video that the commander of one of the boats gets out into the wheelhouse and begins to report looking in her direction. Those. apparently on the 4th there was also the bosses, who oversaw the exercises.
    3. Errr
      Errr 31 March 2021 07: 37
      +3
      Quote: Tlauicol
      I alone see four submarines?
      Yes, this is already a lot of people who see. smile
      ... after analyzing the video, the experts came to the conclusion that three submarines of Project 667BDRM "Dolphin" (according to NATO classification - "Delta-IV") performed the ice maneuver and one missile carrier of the Borey-A project.
      https://politros.com/203801-v-ssha-razgadyvayut-zagadku-arkticheskikh-uchenii-rossiiskikh-podlodok
      And for shooting from under the water, you must first smash this very ice.
      It seems that we have already achieved what was described in the article "Russian nuclear submarines will receive special missiles for breaking ice in the Arctic" on the VO at https://topwar.ru/167070-rossijskie-apl-poluchat-specialnye-rakety-dlja-vzloma-lda-v-arktike.html smile
    4. Sergey Pavlov
      Sergey Pavlov 31 March 2021 12: 22
      +2
      Quote: Tlauicol
      Is it possible to launch ICBMs in such ice on the hull at all?

      No, of course not .. First, you need to float normally and the covers of the mines must be cleaned of ice.
      1. ccsr
        ccsr 31 March 2021 12: 58
        0
        Quote: Sergey Pavlov
        and the covers of the mines must be cleaned of ice.

        This is the most interesting moment, and not the emergence itself, which was demonstrated in Soviet times. I wonder if there are any ways to quickly clean the covers of mines, because everything else is just an application to this operation, without which start-up is impossible, as I understand it.
        1. Sergey Pavlov
          Sergey Pavlov 31 March 2021 13: 13
          0
          Re-diving and ascending at the same point will improve the ice picture, and then the tool and muscle strength.
  3. Free wind
    Free wind 31 March 2021 04: 21
    -4
    As far as I understand, one boat could not break through the ice? The fourth silhouette is not Godzilla.
  4. AC130 Ganship
    AC130 Ganship 31 March 2021 04: 29
    -13%
    Yes, at least 10. One such on the K19 surfaced like this, and then it turned out that he broke off, floating up, all the antennas and in an emergency on the boat with Yaeu there was nothing to feed the sos with. People died. Although ... to the captain what? The order will be given. Normally
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 31 March 2021 04: 54
      +2
      And even at that time, the computer was the size of a house) times seemed to have changed. Materials, technologies, opportunities.
    2. Errr
      Errr 31 March 2021 06: 44
      +11
      Quote: AC130 Ganship
      One such on K19 surfaced like this, and then it turned out that he had broken off all the antennas when floating up and in an emergency on the boat with Yaeu there was nothing to feed the sos with.
      Come on... laughing
      Is it in the summer, in July, 70 miles from Jan Mayen? smile What did you break off about? Probably about an iceberg, tk. after surfacing calmly continued to move on the surface. laughing
      You consume less Hollywood products, and read more smart books. By God, this will only make it better. smile
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 31 March 2021 05: 16
    -2
    Expedition "Umka-2021". Submarines, aircraft and Arctic potential
    ... So everything is COOL!
    This is the North, the Arctic, which means it is doubly, three times more difficult .... and ours there, "work", train, settle down seriously and forever.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 31 March 2021 07: 56
      +1
      Quote: rocket757
      ... So everything is COOL!

      super .. mega cool!
  6. Ka-52
    Ka-52 31 March 2021 05: 20
    0
    One of the cruisers and polynya of unknown origin

    it resembles very well the place of detonation. Maybe the detonation was carried out in order to test the impact of hydrocarbons on the hull of the nuclear submarine while in the pack ice?

    1. Errr
      Errr 31 March 2021 07: 05
      +1
      Read at https://topwar.ru/167070-rossijskie-apl-poluchat-specialnye-rakety-dlja-vzloma-lda-v-arktike.html
      1. Ka-52
        Ka-52 31 March 2021 07: 58
        +2
        very interesting. thanks
    2. tlauicol
      tlauicol 31 March 2021 13: 15
      0
      No. This is the hole where the torpedo was taken out
  7. Runway
    Runway 31 March 2021 05: 23
    0
    Funny snowmobile riders sit. Stowage of two fuel cans gives optimism to the driver, but alarms the passenger.
    1. Sofa batyr
      Sofa batyr 31 March 2021 06: 21
      +2
      Quote: WFP
      Stowage of two fuel cans gives optimism to the driver, but alarms the passenger.

      There is no "passengers"...
      1. Runway
        Runway 31 March 2021 07: 48
        -3
        "First - dumplings, and only then - ravioli!" (c)
  8. BAI
    BAI 31 March 2021 08: 34
    +7
    1.
    Satellite image of submarines

    Thus, a few days ago, three cruisers confirmed the ability

    The picture shows 4 boats.
    2.
    One of the cruisers and the wormwood of unknown origin

    In the previous picture, this hole is not present.
    Does the snapshot have anything to do with this event?
    3.
    The episode with the participation of submarine forces aroused the greatest interest of specialists and the public.

    Who did he call? Judging by the reaction in the West, it’s on the drum there. And you have to understand that boats have special design features for surfacing in ice. This is a normal situation for them. The problem is with unprepared boats, which have nothing to do in the ice.
  9. ares1988
    ares1988 31 March 2021 09: 08
    +4
    Comrade Klimov should be pleased with the under-ice torpedo firing.
  10. ALARI
    ALARI 31 March 2021 09: 34
    0
    Can a boat launch rockets with so much ice on its hull? Or the crew will throw ice for a couple of hours. All secrecy is down the drain.
    1. Leon68
      Leon68 31 March 2021 13: 07
      -7
      And nothing that he, SSBN (SSBN), does not need to surface to launch missiles. He perfectly performs launches from under the ice.
      1. ALARI
        ALARI 31 March 2021 13: 37
        +1
        From under the water, yes, but from under the ice how? The thickness of the ice is 2-3 meters and will break through it like a rocket. The boat floats up to launch rockets, and then break through the ice with fragile rockets. Oh well.
        1. Leon68
          Leon68 31 March 2021 13: 40
          -1
          For this, the submarine commander is looking for a wormwood in the ice.
          Above Errr gave the link. Read it.
          https://topwar.ru/167070-rossijskie-apl-poluchat-specialnye-rakety-dlja-vzloma-lda-v-arktike.html
          1. ALARI
            ALARI 31 March 2021 13: 45
            +1
            So polynya is one thing, but an article about breaking through the ice with a boat and launching rockets. In the photo on the boat, the ice lies in a layer like launching rockets.
            1. sanek45744
              sanek45744 31 March 2021 14: 40
              -2
              ice in the ice hole, so that the thickness of the ice was no more than 1.5 meters. We went out to clean the rocket deck. One BDRM boat has specially wide missile shaft hatch covers.
      2. sanek45744
        sanek45744 31 March 2021 14: 34
        0
        ahaha more delirium I have not heard today. you immediately see an expert!
        1. ALARI
          ALARI 31 March 2021 15: 05
          0
          About papkin's specialist drove up, is it you.
          1. sanek45744
            sanek45744 31 March 2021 15: 35
            0
            at least I know what I'm talking about. So yes, I am an expert, and you envy in silence.
            1. ALARI
              ALARI 31 March 2021 15: 47
              0
              I ask specialists a specific question HOW, and I am answered by a boor who puts himself above others.
              1. sanek45744
                sanek45744 31 March 2021 15: 58
                -1
                Look now as if you didn't have to apologize. I answered you normally, but about the expert I wrote to another person, and the fact that you take everything upon yourself is your purely problem.
                1. ALARI
                  ALARI 31 March 2021 16: 06
                  0
                  You are right i am sorry recourse
                  1. sanek45744
                    sanek45744 31 March 2021 16: 21
                    0
                    Let's go. I have questions I can answer that I know.
  11. codetalker
    codetalker 31 March 2021 13: 45
    -2
    It should also not be forgotten that by a mysterious coincidence, these events take place simultaneously with the Suez Canal.
  12. Lawyer1
    Lawyer1 31 March 2021 15: 59
    0
    I have a question. And how did they find the exact place where they opened our submarines as satellites in the vast expanses?
  13. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 1 2021 07: 29
    -2
    Interestingly, striped with their lackeys will be able to repeat? fellow Or will they start and remain there for centuries? This is not a show-off on various geyropeyskikh forums banging. negative