Military Review

Frontier Truth of Officer Ulitin

38

They were the first to take the fight



With this essay, we want to start a series of publications that we would like to unite with precisely these words addressed to the soldiers-border guards. June 22, 2021 will mark 80 years since that terrible day when trouble knocked on every Soviet family.

The country was attacked by fascist Germany. Without a declaration of war, and it was the border troops that had to be the first to enter the battle with the enemy - the active army had not yet been mobilized and had not been nominated directly to the borders. The border guards, as the newspaper "Pravda" wrote on June 24, fought like lions. One of them was Lieutenant Yuri Sergeevich Ulitin.

Yuri was born on January 1, 1918 in the family of an agronomist and teacher in the city of Tver. Immediately after their birth with their mother Nina Vasilievna (nee Vrasskaya), they moved to the village of Feryazkino, 40 km from Tver, where his father Sergei Alexandrovich, together with his brothers Alexander and Vasily, owned a water mill and a sawmill, which they inherited from their father.

In 1925, the new government confiscated the mill and sawmill, and at the same time the two-story brick house as private property. The brothers dispersed in all directions. And his father got a job as an agronomist at a state farm - Sergei Aleksandrovich graduated from an agricultural school in 1918 and was a sought-after specialist.

But that's why I had to move often. In 1932, the family moved to the Kuban, to the village of Tbilisskaya, between Krasnodar and Kropotkin, and there Yuri graduated from the eighth grade, where he fell in love for the first time.

During the summer holidays, as a rule, Ulitin Jr. got a job: in a tractor brigade, on a harvester, or to fish with fishermen. I learned a lot. Then in life all this was useful to him.

In 1934 the family moved to Rostov-on-Don. Yuri finishes high school and enters the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics at the Pedagogical Institute. In 1938, he was already passing the last exams for the second year, when the unexpected happened.


Passing by the military registration and enlistment office, Yuri saw a leaflet on the wall, in which it was written that the Saratov border school was receiving young men for further service at the border. And that's all, his measured student life is crumbling. Ulitin's fate was decided!

And he didn’t even know before that such schools existed. He was healthy. As a boy, he loved to run, climb trees, was the champion of the school in long jump, later became interested in French wrestling, could freely swim a fast wide river back and forth.

The next day Ulitin appeared at the military registration and enlistment office and asked to be sent to the school. In July 1938, having successfully passed the entrance exams, Yuri was enrolled as a cadet, received a new uniform and tried on a green border cap. Difficult but unique cadet everyday life began.

At the end of 1939, war broke out with Finland. An order came from Moscow: to release all excellently successful second-year cadets ahead of schedule, giving them the rank of "lieutenant". So on January 4, 1940, at the age of 20, Ulitin became an officer.


A week later he was already in Petrozavodsk. Appointed commander of a rifle platoon in the 7th border regiment. The task of the subunit included the fight against airborne assault forces and sabotage groups of the enemy in the rear of the active army, as well as guarding the road along which the supply of the front went.

The soldiers served in the protection zone of the 80th Porosozersky border detachment, on the section of the state border in the Petrozavodsk direction, and were directly subordinate to the chief of the border troops of the district.

The area on which the platoon had to operate is surrounded by hills overgrown with forest, there are no settlements. Snow up to the waist, not a step without skis. The road was guarded according to the principle of the border guard: a control track on both sides of the roadway, secrets, patrols.

In March 1940, the war ended. The border has moved into the interior of Finland by 40-50 kilometers. The regiment in full force entered the 80th border detachment. At first, the border was guarded at two lines: the old and the new.

Frontier Truth of Officer Ulitin

Yuri Ulitin was appointed commander of the economic platoon. All staff workers were subordinate to him: clerks, bakers, cooks, doctors, warehouse workers, and carts. The platoon had about 20 horses.

Before June 22


Before the start of the war, when there was a threat of fascist sabotage groups landing in our rear, a consolidated detachment was formed at the headquarters, in which Lieutenant Ulitin was included. He was appointed platoon leader. The unit was headed by Chief of Staff, Major Theophan Makodzeba. Many staff officers were sent directly to the outposts.

It should be noted that the border outposts in that direction numbered 20-25 people. They were armed with: one Maxim machine gun, 2-3 Degtyarev light machine guns, three-line rifles of the 1891/30 model, grenades: 4 units for each soldier and 10 anti-tank grenades for the entire unit.

The very terrain of Karelia is difficult for the operation of troops: more than 40 thousand lakes, many small short rivulets. River streams often represent a chain of lakes connected by channels. Almost 20% of the territory is occupied by peat bogs, which are often difficult to pass.

The meadows are covered with water, there are few roads, and those that do exist, in many cases, pass through the marshland along log gates. There are many steep rocky hills. There are no boundaries on which defensive structures could be erected near the border. Therefore, parts of the Red Army were concentrated mainly along the railway line, 150-200 kilometers in the rear.

The approach of war was felt by everyone, as soon as enemy aircraft began to violate the border every day, flying deep into Soviet territory. At the same time, cases of breakthrough by enemy reconnaissance groups became more frequent. The guarding of the borders had to be transferred to a reinforced version.

White nights made it easier to observe, but patrols were sent out in the composition of 5-6 people.

The offensive of the Fritzes, and they acted in this sector together with the Finns, began not on June 22, 1941, but a few days later with powerful artillery strikes and raids. aviation to the border outposts. Wooden buildings were burning, but the all-round defense with bunkers, bunkers and shelters in three rolls provided the border guards with the opportunity to repel the first strikes of the outnumbered enemy. Some units had to fight in complete encirclement.

The head of the frontier detachment, Colonel Ivan Moloshnikov, having assessed the situation, ordered the commanders of the outposts to take care of the people and retreat to the rear, avoiding pursuit. Only an outpost under the command of Senior Lieutenant Nikita Kaymanov with an attached reinforced maneuvering group was allowed to act according to the situation. A consolidated detachment led by Yuri Ulitin was sent to help. But on the way, the border guards were stopped by dense mortar and machine-gun fire of the enemy.

It was decided to go on the defensive and, pinning down part of the enemy forces, provide the border soldiers with the opportunity to get out of the encirclement. For two days, the fighters conducted an active defense at the line, and then retreated to the area of ​​the village of Korpiselka.


With the withdrawal of two kilometers east of the settlement, a battle began. It was necessary to detain the enemy on the road leading to our rear, and to enable the Red Army units to occupy the defensive line, which was prepared by sappers and prisoners from local camps.

The border guards took up defensive positions at the edge of the forest. Ahead there is a peat bog about 100 meters wide, which could only be overcome on bellies. If you fail, you will not get out, the depth of the quagmire is about three meters.

The enemy could not bypass the border soldiers: the swamp stretched to the right and left for several kilometers. On the other side there was a dense bush, a swell covered with tall grass, which made it impossible to observe the actions of the enemy. On a busy line, the fighters could not even open cells for prone shooting. A group of border guards led by Ulitin was separated from the water only by grass.

The officer himself with Private Misha Komin, Leningrader Sviridov and another soldier settled down to the right of the road in a young pine forest.

The rest, and only 25 people remained in the detachment - 15-20 meters behind. The soldiers aimed two light machine guns on the road. All took refuge behind bog bumps and tree trunks.


The border guards did not have time to properly take up the defense, the Fritzes appeared on the road. They relaxed, apparently not expecting to meet anyone here. They walked freely, cackling loudly and talking. As soon as the Nazis came to the gate, the border guards opened fire from all kinds weapons... The Fritzes retreated, but few managed to escape.

From line to line


After some time, the Nazis pulled up new units and delivered a strong mortar blow. Tall trees with dense crowns growing around were the first to suffer. Mines burst high above, showering the border guards with cut branches and knocked down foliage.

Enemies made a new attempt to break through the gati under the cover of machine gun fire. They ran swiftly along the road, non-stop scribbling from machine guns. Bullets whistled, I couldn't raise my head. Border fighters responded with bursts of light machine guns.

Suddenly Ulitina called out Misha Komin: “Look, Comrade Lieutenant. Crawling!". He pointed to the tall grass ahead. She swayed as if from the wind, but not entirely, but in places. A head in a helmet appeared from the grass and instantly disappeared.

The soldiers were aiming at the fascists emerging from the grass, and when they were 30 meters away, they used grenades. A messenger crawled up and said that Major Makozeba was calling Ulitina. The officer was sitting on a fallen tree and holding a map in his hands.

- After 20 minutes, the squad will begin to withdraw, - he said. “You and your men must cover us. They must hold out for at least half an hour. Can do more is good, but don't risk it. Get yourself another Heavy. We will be waiting for you in this square. And he indicated the meeting place on the map.

30 minutes! Easy to say, just try four of us. After 20 minutes, the border guards were left alone. To prevent the enemy from discovering the detachment's withdrawal, they did not stop firing continuously.

It took 20 ... 25 minutes. The fascists did not answer. Suddenly, the enemy opened fire from company mortars. Five breaks 10 meters behind, then a series of breaks on the line where the border guards were. Closer, closer. Two mines exploded over the heads of the border fighters.

Ulitin looked around: Misha was lying with a crushed head, Sviridov was also killed, the rest were alive. We got the documents from the killed men from their uniforms and began to retreat. Ulitin fleetingly remembered that Misha kept a photograph of his beloved girl in his pocket and often dreamed of meeting her. Apparently not destiny ...

Two hours later, the border guards met with their own. So from line to line, first alone, and then together with the units of the Red Army, the border guards retreated to the east. In early August 1941, new outposts were formed from the border guards remaining in the ranks.

In battles on the border, Yuri Ulitin distinguished himself. While covering the withdrawal of the consolidated group from the encirclement, he opened an account of the personally destroyed Nazis in the battle near the village of Karpuselka, for which he received gratitude and new buttonholes of the senior lieutenant. Soon the officer was appointed head of one of the outposts of the 80th border detachment.

The second half of 1941 and the whole of 1942 Ulitin participated in battles with the Fritzes who had broken through to our rear, and destroyed enemy sabotage groups. By the end of 1942, he was already a captain, chief of staff of a battalion of the 80th Infantry Regiment, and was awarded the Medal for Military Merit.


All the years, Yuri Sergeevich honestly served the Motherland, was proud of the title of a border guard officer. Leaving Karelia at the end of 1942 to form the 70th Army of the NKVD troops, Ulitin took a green cap with him. And during heavy battles at the Kursk Bulge, she was always with him. Now the descendants of Yuri Sergeevich cherish it. They remember what Colonel Ulitin was like. Each of us should remember this too. Is always!


Among his many military awards, Colonel Ulitin especially appreciated the Order of the Red Star and the first medal - "For Military Merit".

The essay was created on the basis of materials from the Foundation of the Organizing Committee for the perpetuation of the feat of Lieutenant Alexander Romanovsky
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38 comments
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  1. Free wind
    Free wind April 6 2021 05: 03
    +2
    Interesting article. and if there were no inaccuracies, then. Well, judge for yourself, the commander looked around, two were killed. the rest are alive. Who are the others? There were four of them left to cover. Well, he could not get the shoulder straps of the senior lieutenant in 1941, they were introduced in 1943. Unfortunately, the border guards on the western front were all killed. Bright memory.
    1. Konnick
      Konnick April 6 2021 05: 16
      +5
      Unfortunately, the border guards on the western front were all killed. Bright memory.

      Not all, many became partisans.
      Photo of Belarusian partisans in the summer of 1944 when they met with units of the Red Army, operation Bagration

      https://waralbum.ru/390276/
      And some kept their guns and caps, they didn't retreat
      1. Flooding
        Flooding April 6 2021 07: 05
        0
        At the end of 1939, war broke out with Finland. An order came from Moscow: to release all excellently successful second-year cadets ahead of schedule, giving them the rank of "lieutenant"

        these lines puzzled me.
        what for? for what purpose is to rush the release?
        1. Niko
          Niko April 6 2021 09: 11
          0
          Quote: Flood
          At the end of 1939, war broke out with Finland. An order came from Moscow: to release all excellently successful second-year cadets ahead of schedule, giving them the rank of "lieutenant"

          these lines puzzled me.
          what for? for what purpose is to rush the release?

          For the same purpose as in the 41st in military schools. The war with Finland did not start much better, people were needed at the front
          1. Flooding
            Flooding April 6 2021 09: 14
            0
            Quote: Niko
            For the same purpose as in the 41st in military schools. The war with Finland did not start much better, people were needed at the front

            tell me more
            the same scale of losses?
            shortage of junior commanders?
            1. Niko
              Niko April 6 2021 09: 33
              0
              Quote: Flood
              Quote: Niko
              For the same purpose as in the 41st in military schools. The war with Finland did not start much better, people were needed at the front

              tell me more
              the same scale of losses?
              shortage of junior commanders?

              In short: yes. There is nothing secret here, everything has been described many times. The beginning of the war was a real failure.
              1. Flooding
                Flooding April 6 2021 09: 42
                -3
                Quote: Niko
                The beginning of the war was a real failure.

                I know that
                the question was specific - was the need for graduate lieutenants so high?
                comparison with 1941 is not correct.
                Quote: Niko
                In short: yes

                an excellent answer to my request to write in more detail
            2. Niko
              Niko April 6 2021 09: 42
              +1
              Quote: Flood
              Quote: Niko
              For the same purpose as in the 41st in military schools. The war with Finland did not start much better, people were needed at the front

              tell me more
              the same scale of losses?
              shortage of junior commanders?

              According to more or less "official data" losses for the entire war Finns ((irrecoverable) 26 thousand. USSR (irrevocable) 126 thousand.
              1. Flooding
                Flooding April 6 2021 09: 51
                0
                Quote: Niko
                According to more or less "official data" losses for the entire war Finns ((irrecoverable) 26 thousand. USSR (irrevocable) 126 thousand

                Wikipedia will not let you lie.
                Much has been written on this topic.
                And there are serious objections to these numbers.

                "Voenno-istoricheskiy zhurnal" No. 4 1993:
                “So, according to far from complete data, the losses of the Red Army in it amounted to 285 people (510 killed, 72 missing, 408 frostbitten and 17 shell-shocked).
                The losses of the Finnish side, according to official data, amounted to 95 thousand killed and 45 thousand wounded. "
                1. Niko
                  Niko April 6 2021 11: 12
                  +2
                  Quote: Flood
                  Quote: Niko
                  According to more or less "official data" losses for the entire war Finns ((irrecoverable) 26 thousand. USSR (irrevocable) 126 thousand

                  Wikipedia will not let you lie.
                  Much has been written on this topic.
                  And there are serious objections to these numbers.

                  "Voenno-istoricheskiy zhurnal" No. 4 1993:
                  “So, according to far from complete data, the losses of the Red Army in it amounted to 285 people (510 killed, 72 missing, 408 frostbitten and 17 shell-shocked).
                  The losses of the Finnish side, according to official data, amounted to 95 thousand killed and 45 thousand wounded. "

                  I do not quite understand what you are driving at. You write that the comparison with 41m is incorrect and you cite the loss of 285 thousand people in several months of the war on the front sector incomparably shorter than in the 41m
                  1. Flooding
                    Flooding April 6 2021 11: 20
                    -1
                    Quote: Niko
                    I do not quite understand what you are driving at. You write that the comparison with 41m is incorrect and you cite the loss of 285 thousand people in several months of the war on the front sector incomparably shorter than in the 41m

                    all losses, including wounded
                    compare with the losses in the first months of the Great Patriotic War.
                    only for the first month and only irrevocable up to 1 million.
                    1. Niko
                      Niko April 6 2021 11: 41
                      0
                      Quote: Flood
                      Quote: Niko
                      I do not quite understand what you are driving at. You write that the comparison with 41m is incorrect and you cite the loss of 285 thousand people in several months of the war on the front sector incomparably shorter than in the 41m

                      all losses, including wounded
                      compare with the losses in the first months of the Great Patriotic War.
                      only for the first month and only irrevocable up to 1 million.

                      Pay attention to the difference between the concepts: IDENTITY, COMPARABILITY, COMPARATIBLE, if for you losses of 250 thousand (with the initial amount of 450-600 thousand "small" or "not comparable with 41m" then this is for a minute from a third to more than half of the personnel ... . Despite the fact that there were other tasks that the USSR army had to solve in the 40m.
                      1. Flooding
                        Flooding April 6 2021 11: 46
                        -2
                        Quote: Niko
                        losses of 250 thousand (with the initial number of 450-600 thousand "small" or "not comparable with 41m", this is for a minute from a third to more than half of the personnel

                        first, sort out 450 or 600
                        the difference is decent
                        secondly, losses in the roster were replenished
                        that is, to calculate the share of the total, you need to add also the compensated losses
                        that's right, arithmetic details
                        thirdly, a knowledgeable person has already explained what was the reason for the lack of junior commanders
                        Namely, this is where the discussion began.
                        All the best.
                2. Konnick
                  Konnick April 6 2021 11: 27
                  +1
                  13 frostbitten

                  I had a physics teacher Belov Alexander Sidorovich, he also did not graduate from a military school, a battalion was formed from the best skiers of the school and sent to the Finnish one. 19 people remained from the battalion, he himself did not have three fingers on his hand, frostbite.
                  1. Flooding
                    Flooding April 6 2021 11: 32
                    -1
                    Quote: Konnick
                    a battalion was formed from the best skiers of the school and sent to the Finnish

                    It is difficult to form a battalion of the best skiers of one school.
                    how many cadets were there?
                    sorry, the old people no longer ask around
                    1. Konnick
                      Konnick April 6 2021 12: 08
                      -1
                      The teacher said that 300 people were in the ski battalion, and he studied in Leningrad, in which you no longer ask.
                    2. Doliva63
                      Doliva63 April 6 2021 17: 17
                      +1
                      Quote: Flood
                      Quote: Konnick
                      a battalion was formed from the best skiers of the school and sent to the Finnish

                      It is difficult to form a battalion of the best skiers of one school.
                      how many cadets were there?
                      sorry, the old people no longer ask around

                      If the school has about 2 cadets, why not? Easy. About 000% of us ran at least the 75st grade. More than enough for a battalion. True, when my father was studying (in the late 1s) they still had a "patrol run", such as biathlon, in 40 nominations: running with a machine gun, a rifle and a light machine gun. We didn't have any biathlon, alas. But there were "Ural kilometers" - do you want on time for your winter vacation? I don’t remember how many, but about 3 km on skis. By the 300th year, I remember, they ran to the 4st category for a bet without a step - on the same hands. I think the people were no worse then. Yes, with the technique (running), maybe they were not friends, but the endurance was at the level.
                3. Sugar Honeyovich
                  Sugar Honeyovich April 9 2021 05: 30
                  0
                  Quote: Flood
                  The losses of the Finnish side, according to official data, amounted to 95 thousand killed and 45 thousand wounded. "

                  That is, the number of wounded is half as many as those killed? Phenomenal! The figure of the Finnish losses of 250 thousand looks more plausible, of which 95 thousand were killed.
            3. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA April 6 2021 11: 12
              +2
              Quote: Flood
              tell me more
              the same scale of losses?
              shortage of junior commanders?

              a lack of all commanders.
              From schools and colleges of the Air Force it was released: in 1938 - 8713 people, in 1939 - 12337, in 1940 - 27 918. Despite this, the chronic shortage of commanding personnel in the army could not be eliminated. By the beginning of 1940, it numbered 60000.
              © "Military personnel on the eve of the war"
              The reasons are well known - this is the explosive growth in the number of formations in the Red Army in the fall of 1939 - after the deployment of "troichats" in cropped divisions. As a result, instead of 99 rifle divisions in the Red Army, there were 173 of them.
              On September 1, 1939, the Politburo approved the proposal of the People's Commissariat of Defense, according to which the Red Army included, in addition to 51 ordinary rifle divisions (33 rifle divisions of 8 people each, 900 rifle divisions of 17 people each, and 14 rifle division of 000 people) have 1 ordinary rifle divisions of 12 men each, 76 mountain rifle divisions and 6 ordinary rifle divisions of 000 men each. Accordingly, on September 13, 33, the Council of People's Commissars, by its Resolution No. 3-000ss, approved the "Plan for the reorganization of the ground forces of the Red Army for 2-1939." It was decided to transfer the triple deployment divisions to ordinary divisions and have 1355 rifle divisions in the Red Army.
              © Meltyuhov
              1. Flooding
                Flooding April 6 2021 11: 22
                0
                Quote: Alexey RA
                The reasons are well known - this is the explosive growth in the number of formations in the Red Army in the fall of 1939 - after the deployment of "troichats" in cropped divisions. As a result, instead of 99 rifle divisions in the Red Army, there were 173 of them.

                Thank you, comrade!
        2. Glory1974
          Glory1974 April 6 2021 10: 33
          0
          what for? for what purpose is to rush the release?

          primary positions tend to have the largest understaffing rates, so there is always an attempt to fill these positions. In the modern history of Russia 93-94 and 99-2000. early graduation from military schools. There is no war yet, there are no losses yet, but there are not enough platoon commanders either.
    2. podymych
      April 6 2021 10: 30
      +5
      We are guilty - we screwed up with shoulder straps, of course, sorry ...
    3. BAI
      BAI April 6 2021 13: 06
      0
      Unfortunately, the border guards on the western front were all killed. Bright memory.

      PV Museum data:
      Total on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War 113700 border guards fought... Over 100 thousand soldiers were awarded orders and medals, more than 200 border guards were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, 6 people became holders of the Order of Glory of three degrees.
      The exposition ends with the "Victory" complex.
      The window displays the coat of arms of Nazi Germany - an eagle with a swastika thrown from the western wing of the Reich Chancellery, captured German standards and awards.
      The exposition contains Books of Memory: more than 50 thousand border guards did not return from the war, which is over 50 percent of the border troopswho participated in the Great Patriotic War.

      There is evidence that 61 were killed. When operating with this figure, a misprint arose, and the Ministry of Defense announced that 400 border guards were killed.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 6 2021 06: 46
    +7
    The border guards in Karelia and to the north (there was even a section where the border was never crossed), as well as on the Southern Front, had a chance to survive - and the war later began and the invasion forces were not the same as those on the Western and Bgo-Western fronts.

    And only a few could survive until the end of the Second World War.

    Well done Ulitin!
  3. BAI
    BAI April 6 2021 08: 39
    +5
    On the Karelian front, senior lieutenant Kaymanov distinguished himself among the border guards. And he also lived to the end of the war.
    During 20 days of fighting, surrounded by the Caymanians, they repulsed 60 enemy attacks. Out of 146 warriors,
    defending the outpost, 18 were killed and 14 were wounded. For courage and courage shown
    20 border guards were awarded orders and medals. Senior Lieutenant Nikita Fadeevich
    Kaymanov to the decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of August 27, 1941
    awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

    Hero - August 27. During the retreat, awards were rarely given.
  4. WHAT IS
    WHAT IS April 6 2021 08: 39
    +6
    With this sketch, we want to start a series of publications.

    A great and necessary thing. Thank you for the memory of the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War, it is thanks to such people that we live now.
    Low bow to all the soldiers of Victory.
  5. Aviator_
    Aviator_ April 6 2021 08: 41
    0
    While covering the withdrawal of the consolidated group from the encirclement, he opened an account of the personally destroyed Nazis in the battle near the village of Karpuselka, for which he was awarded thanks and brand new shoulder straps senior lieutenant.

    Shoulder straps were introduced only at the beginning of 1943, it was necessary to write "the rank of senior lieutenant".
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey April 6 2021 10: 52
      +1
      Quote: Aviator_
      it was necessary to write "the rank of senior lieutenant."

      Well, or - "got three cubes"
      1. Free wind
        Free wind April 6 2021 11: 21
        0
        Ranks in the NKVD, if I'm not mistaken, even the senior majors were. And the ranks in the NKVD were two ranks higher than in the Red Army. Let's say a lieutenant of the NKVD was equated with a captain in the army. I don’t know the border guards were it concerned or not, the border guards belonged to the NKVD .. Cadets after accelerated courses, or after urgent release, were usually assigned the rank of junior lieutenant, but there is a special order.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey April 6 2021 11: 26
          0
          Quote: Free Wind
          Ranks in the NKVD

          You are right - in the NKVD the lieutenants had "The middle command and control staff - wore metal red enamel so-called" truncated triangles "with silvered sides." But 1937 ... And then the same sleepers, cubes, triangles ... the same
        2. Okolotochny
          Okolotochny April 6 2021 12: 43
          +1
          For generals of the NKVD troops, uniforms and insignia (red buttonholes) of the general generals of the Red Army were established, and by order of the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR dated August 5, 1940 No. 642, the action of the order of the People's Commissar was extended to all NKVD troops, including border troops Defense of the USSR from July 26, 1940, No. 226, which introduced new insignia for the middle and senior command and political personnel of the Red Army, as well as new military ranks "lieutenant colonel" and "senior battalion commissar".

          Something like this. Although in the rest of the NKVD system there were special ranks, roughly as you described, about two ranks higher than the army.
          And the special title of senior major (roughly major general) was in the Militia system and in the NKGB system.
  6. Alexander Kopychev
    Alexander Kopychev April 6 2021 09: 54
    -1
    In 1925, the new government confiscated the mill and sawmill, and at the same time the two-story brick house as private property. The brothers dispersed in all directions. And his father got a job as an agronomist at a state farm - Sergei Aleksandrovich graduated from an agricultural school in 1918 and was a sought-after specialist.

    Here is an indicative moment about "millions of tortured dispossessed people". Solzhenitsyn turned over in his grave?
  7. Undecim
    Undecim April 6 2021 10: 21
    +2
    The offensive of the Fritzes, and they acted in this sector together with the Finns, began not on June 22, 1941, but a few days later with powerful artillery strikes and air raids on border outposts.
    "Fritzes" on this site appeared only at the end of July. Finnish troops could not break the stubborn resistance of Soviet troops on the Karelian Isthmus and the 163rd Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht was urgently transferred to the area near Lake Tolvojärvi. And before that, only the Finnish Karelian army fought on the Karelian Isthmus.
    Therefore, in the battle near the village of Karpuselka, Yuri Ulitin opened an account not for the destroyed "Fritz", but for the destroyed Finns.
  8. Free wind
    Free wind April 6 2021 13: 31
    0
    Komsomolets cadet, apparently. Voroshilov Sharpshooter. Children started and could get training from rifled firearms from the age of 12 !!!! compulsory shooting training began at the age of 12 at school. And the workers were forced to study combat.
  9. Blue fox
    Blue fox April 6 2021 17: 55
    +3
    Amendment to the article, especially to the image of the Karelian Isthmus and the forces of the parties. He has nothing to do with the described events. The 80th frontier detachment was located and the events in the article took place north of Lake Ladoga, to be more precise northwest of Suoyarvi on the new (after SFV) border with the Finns. The village of Korpiselka in Karelia, this is not Korpiselka on the Karelian Isthmus. As for 163 PD of the Wehrmacht, so it is also noted in those areas, a little later, on July 16, she was withdrawn from the reserve and entered the battle in the direction of Loimola, and by August 1941 at Tolvojärvi, which in the same Suoryavsky district, in the divisional cemetery, up to 1800 Germans were buried.

    But the killed border guards most likely remained there somewhere .. Our Finns usually buried them at the scene of the battle. Need to inquire ...
  10. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav April 6 2021 20: 25
    +1
    what can I say, a worthy man and officer how well he survived
  11. flc9800
    flc9800 April 7 2021 17: 44
    0
    I liked the article, thanks to the author! But the comments of the know-it-alls under the article are completely inappropriate, in my opinion ... Didn't you understand the main message of the article and pounced on the shoulder straps?
  12. avia12005
    avia12005 13 June 2021 09: 26
    0
    My uncle died in December 1944 near Vladimir-Volynsky, did not live to see his 18th birthday 5 days. He was a signalman in the border troops of the NKVD. Bandera were killed when they pulled the communication line.