Military Review

Plans to modernize the UK ground forces

38

Cadets of the Royal Military Academy in the field. In the future, it is they who will serve in the army of the updated look.


The UK Department of Defense has published a new defense and security guidance document, "Defense in a competitive age". It describes plans for the military construction and development of the armed forces until 2025. A special place in the document is occupied by plans for the further modernization and optimization of the ground forces.

Goals and objectives


Taking into account the current threats and challenges, the UK Department of Defense has adjusted its plans for the further development of the ground forces and updated the goals of this process. Also, measures have been determined with the help of which the assigned tasks will be solved - financial, organizational and military-technical.

The high command wants to make the army more flexible, to increase its integration with other branches of the armed forces, as well as to increase the combat effectiveness and increase the expeditionary potential. To solve such problems, a set of measures is proposed, suitable for full implementation in the foreseeable future. All major plans are scheduled until 2025, but there are other proposals calculated until the end of the decade.


16th Airborne Brigade at Wessex Storm 2014

The introduction of new concepts, tactics and products will increase the efficiency of the army, which will reduce its size. It is proposed to reduce the total number of servicemen in the ranks from the current 75 thousand to 72,5 thousand. At the same time, the reserve will remain intact.

Rearmament plans have been adjusted. Earlier, it was planned to spend 20 billion pounds sterling on the purchase of new material parts. The new defense plan provides for the allocation of another 3 billion for the same period until 2025. The increased budget will allow the purchase of more necessary products, and also compensate for the increase in the cost of individual samples.

The armed forces will develop cooperation with foreign armies, and a significant role in this is given to the ground forces. They will include the Security Force Assistance Brigade, which will collect and analyze British experience and use it to train foreign specialists.

Structural transformations


For a more complete use of the existing and planned capabilities, it is proposed to restructure the organizational and staff structure of the ground forces. Part of the formations will be reorganized with a change in strength and subordination. It is also proposed to form new shelves for different purposes.


Tank Challenger II in the exercise

The Brigade Combat Team will become the main unit in the ground forces. As part of such a formation will be units of all types of troops, as well as the necessary support structures. BCTs are expected to be more effective and self-reliant than individual units from the current troop structure.

The infantry will undergo noticeable changes. The existing battalions and regiments will be consolidated into four divisions of the new formation. At the same time, one of the battalions will be disbanded, and four more will be transferred to another structure. Such measures are aimed at optimizing the infantry control loops, as well as reducing auxiliary units. Companies and platoons of this kind will be combined into Combat Service Support Battalions.

Already in August 2021, a new ranger regiment will be formed as part of the special operations brigade. This formation will include the battalions released during the creation of infantry divisions. Ranger Regiment fighters will have to work in difficult conditions, incl. with the receipt of part of the tasks and functions of special forces. Also, the rangers will participate in the exchange of experience and training of foreign military personnel.


Upgraded Warrior armored vehicle. The release of such equipment has been canceled

The expeditionary capabilities of the army will be determined by the Global Response Force. They currently include the 16th Airborne Brigade and the 1st Combat Brigade aviation... No transformations of the expeditionary forces are planned yet.

One of the battalions of the Yorkshire Regiment will be experimental. He will have to test advanced samples, technologies and techniques for further implementation in combat units. It is believed that this will simplify and accelerate modernization and, as a result, will help maintain the state of the army at the proper level.

Technology Perspective


The British Army currently has approx. 225 main tanks Challenger II. 148 vehicles will be upgraded according to a new project currently being developed and will receive the symbol Challenger III. The remaining 77 tanks will be written off as unnecessary and to save money.


BTR Boxer German production on trials in the UK

Armored combat vehicles of the Warrior family will remain in service for now. However, the current modernization program will be canceled. As they wear out, such equipment will be written off and gradually replaced with modern Boxer armored vehicles. A complete replacement is expected in the middle of the decade. The procurement of equipment for various purposes from the Ajax family will also continue.

It is proposed to develop a new self-propelled artillery installation with high mobility and maximum automation. This project is allocated 10 years and 800 million pounds. Until the appearance of such an ACS, the operation of the available equipment will continue.

Until 2031, American GMLRS missiles will be purchased for the M270 MLRS. A total of £ 250 million will be allocated for these purposes. In the near future, purchases of Exactor missile systems (British designation of Israeli Spike NLOS) will continue. In the future, it is planned to modernize such products.

It is proposed to modernize the air defense. An updated system of this kind should protect troops from any urgent threats, including unmanned aerial vehicles. The existing air defense systems should receive new digital communication facilities; measures are needed to improve resilience and survivability. At the same time, the purchase of new samples is not yet envisaged.


Self-propelled guns AS-90. While this technique will remain in service

Investments in electronic intelligence and electronic warfare are planned. Over the next 10 years, 200 million pounds will be spent on these purposes. The adoption of new systems and complexes is envisaged, as well as an increase in the number of operators employed in this area.

Plans have been drawn up for the development of army aviation. Several of the oldest CH-47 heavy transport helicopters in the fleet will be decommissioned. They will be replaced with similar new-built vehicles, which will improve the capabilities of aviation. By the middle of the decade, it is planned to optimize the fleet of medium helicopters. Now in this category there are four types of cars, and in the future they will be replaced by one.

A course for efficiency


Thus, the new plans for the development of the British ground forces boil down to a few basic ideas. Moreover, similar solutions are proposed for the modernization of other types of forces and branches of the armed forces. Such measures are expected to be equally beneficial to all military forces.


AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat helicopters will eventually be decommissioned and replaced

First of all, a small reduction in troops and a significant optimization of their structure are proposed. The creation of new formations and formations that meet the requirements of the time is envisaged. The purchase of new samples will continue weapons and techniques with parallel maintenance of the technical condition of available samples. Other products will be written off due to moral and physical obsolescence.

The proposed reductions and optimizations should result in some savings. At the same time, additional expenses are envisaged for the purchase of various products in addition to those planned and approved earlier. The resulting savings are likely to be minimal - if they can be obtained. In this case, the cost of new programs is of particular importance. Excessively expensive plans may not get the approval of the authorities, who seek to save on everything, including defense.

It is obvious that the British High Command understands the need for constant development and renewal of the armed forces, incl. ground forces. To solve such problems, various measures are being taken, published in documents like the recent "Defense in a competitive age". The new military development plan has been approved and will be in effect for the next four years. This means that the first changes will appear in the very near future, and already in 2025 it will be possible to evaluate all the results of the launched programs.
Author:
Photos used:
UK Department of Defense, Lockheed Martin
38 comments
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  1. Doccor18
    Doccor18 26 March 2021 18: 07
    +4
    It is proposed to reduce the total number of servicemen in the ranks from the current 75 thousand to 72,5 thousand. 

    The personnel of the armies of Europe continues to decline. Apparently, there will not be a big war, which the media loves to frighten so much. The number of ground forces in most countries will be enough for a month of war, maximum ...
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 26 March 2021 18: 17
      +1
      The war has changed. The size of the army does not play any role, its quality and air superiority play a role. Especially for Britain.
      New UAV programs have been launched and will continue to develop. By the way, they want to arm aircraft carriers with them and the number of purchased F-35s has been reduced to "more than 48 pieces." The Tempest 6th generation aircraft program will continue to evolve.
      It looks like there will be a series of articles about the RAF and the Navy. They will contain more information about changes in these types of troops.
      1. Doccor18
        Doccor18 26 March 2021 18: 29
        +5
        Quote: OgnennyiKotik
        The war has changed. The size of the army does not play any role, the role is played by its quality and air superiority.

        Both quality and quantity play a role ...
        Less than two hundred tanks for all aircraft ...
        This will not be enough even for an average military operation. After gaining air supremacy, someone must dominate the earth ...
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 26 March 2021 18: 58
          +3
          Quote: Doccor18
          This will not be enough even for an average military operation.

          Against who?
          Russia? This is how all NATO will fight. Against China? NATO + South Korea + Japan. Afghanistan? Congo? Who is the operation against?
          There is no direct enemy for them. A military fleet is needed against the possible, so they strengthen it.
          The wars that are now in the interests of the kingdom are hybrid. They rake the heat with the hands of the Turks, Britain completely controls their economy and they conduct their operations in favor of foggy Albion.
          1. Doccor18
            Doccor18 26 March 2021 20: 28
            -2
            Quote: OgnennyiKotik
            Against who?
            Russia?

            "Very funny"...

            But China, on occasion, can pinch the tail of a British kitten ... For example, in Australia (where Chinese and British businesses have long been "at war") or in another Commonwealth country (in Africa, for example). And, it may well be that the United States will not want to get involved in a fight, the outcome of which is absolutely uncertain ...
            In this case, the 16th brigade, the ranger regiment, and four newly assembled divisions (with 148 tanks) may, oh, not be enough ... And the Turks are past the ticket office ...
            1. OgnennyiKotik
              OgnennyiKotik 26 March 2021 20: 56
              +2
              For the examples given to you, Britain needs a navy, so they are seriously strengthening it. The army in Australia will do little to help them. In this doctrine about the fleet is also indicated, I think in the next article they will tell about it. And Australia has its own fairly serious army and navy.
              The Turks are right at the checkout. In Africa, they are increasing. Libya (PNS), Somalia, Sudan just below them, began to crush the Gambia. There is also a military presence in Mali and the CAR.


              Turks are strengthening in Central Asia. Military cooperation agreements have been signed with Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
              This week, the special forces of Turkey and Uzbekistan were training. There is always an English banker behind the Turkish soldier.

              1. Doccor18
                Doccor18 26 March 2021 21: 37
                -2
                The army in Australia will do little to help them.

                Of course it won't help ...
                And Australia has its own fairly serious army and navy.

                "Serious" it would be for some Peru or Bulgaria ... But for a continental country (59 tanks, 650 armored personnel carriers, of which most are ancient M113, 54 towed howitzers, 30 MANPADS and 22 attack rotorcraft).
                The Air Force has 57 modern fighters, and the fleet has: 6 diesel-electric submarines and 8 frigates (not the freshest) and 3 modern destroyers and 2 UDC. It's all. To a huge mainland and a giant coastline ...

                In Africa, they are increasing. Libya (PNS) .... Gambia. In Mali and CAR ..

                Turks are strengthening in Central Asia.

                I agree with this.

                Either the brits bought everyone, or they want to crawl out on the shoulders of the Turks and Americans ... But there will soon be nowhere to go further ...
              2. lucul
                lucul 26 March 2021 22: 37
                -5
                For the examples given to you, Britain needs a navy, so they are seriously strengthening it. The army in Australia will do little to help them

                Pouring Australia into China, no chance.
              3. Sckepsis
                Sckepsis 30 March 2021 22: 35
                0

                There is always an English banker behind the Turkish soldier.

                Sir, you are left with such judgments in the middle of the twentieth century.
        2. vadim dok
          vadim dok 27 March 2021 15: 30
          +1
          They do not intend to attack, only defense! You have definitely noticed the number of tanks that will not be enough for an average OFFensive military operation!
      2. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 26 March 2021 21: 35
        +2
        Quote: OgnennyiKotik
        The war has changed. The size of the army does not play any role, its quality and air superiority play a role. Especially for Britain.
        New UAV programs have been launched and will continue to develop. By the way, they want to arm aircraft carriers with them and the number of purchased F-35s has been reduced to "more than 48 pieces." The Tempest 6th generation aircraft program will continue to evolve.
        It looks like there will be a series of articles about the RAF and the Navy. They will contain more information about changes in these types of troops.

        Nevertheless, these armed forces are completely unsuitable for the occupation and retention of a large territory.
        1. Victorio
          Victorio 26 March 2021 21: 52
          +1
          Quote: Aron Zaavi
          Nevertheless to occupy and hold a large territory these aircraft are completely unadapted.

          ===
          will be recruited from the locals. now it is worth shaking the money, the line of those who want to help line up.
        2. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 26 March 2021 23: 35
          0
          Quote: Aaron Zawi
          Nevertheless, these armed forces are completely unsuitable for the occupation and retention of a large territory.

          Why would the British occupy someone, for what purpose?
          1. Aaron Zawi
            Aaron Zawi 27 March 2021 00: 06
            0
            Quote: Lara Croft
            Quote: Aaron Zawi
            Nevertheless, these armed forces are completely unsuitable for the occupation and retention of a large territory.

            Why would the British occupy someone, for what purpose?

            Not someone specifically, but we are talking about the fact that the Armed Forces of the World Bank cannot independently conduct a base / d against another state on its territory.
            1. Lara Croft
              Lara Croft 27 March 2021 00: 23
              -1
              Quote: Aaron Zawi
              Not someone specifically, but we are talking about the fact that the Armed Forces of the World Bank cannot independently conduct a base / d against another state on its territory.

              Yes! What are they doing in Iraq and Afghanistan?
              1. Aaron Zawi
                Aaron Zawi 27 March 2021 00: 27
                0
                Quote: Lara Croft
                Quote: Aaron Zawi
                Not someone specifically, but we are talking about the fact that the Armed Forces of the World Bank cannot independently conduct a base / d against another state on its territory.

                Yes! What are they doing in Iraq and Afghanistan?

                Independently.
                1. Lara Croft
                  Lara Croft 27 March 2021 00: 30
                  -2
                  Quote: Aaron Zawi
                  Independently.

                  Not on your own. But the British have the largest contingent after the Americans ...
                2. OgnennyiKotik
                  OgnennyiKotik 27 March 2021 00: 41
                  +2
                  Why would they fight on their own? What's the point in this? Why would they keep an army for this?
                  They are in NATO, their Army and Navy are being built as part of the development of this bloc, they are created for specific tasks, and not under the slogan "The British Army is the strongest of all."
                  1. Aaron Zawi
                    Aaron Zawi 27 March 2021 00: 56
                    +4
                    Quote: OgnennyiKotik
                    Why would they fight on their own? What's the point in this? Why would they keep an army for this?
                    They are in NATO, their Army and Navy are being built as part of the development of this bloc, they are created for specific tasks, and not under the slogan "The British Army is the strongest of all."

                    There is logic in this. Moreover, they are deep in the rear of the alliance.
  2. knn54
    knn54 26 March 2021 18: 15
    +1
    I drew attention to the fact that Great Britain will reduce the number of tanks, and the remaining ones are being modernized, and the purchase of new ones is not expected.
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 26 March 2021 18: 21
      -2
      In modern wars, more is not needed. Tanks are too expensive and too vulnerable, the range of tasks performed is narrow, the cost of operation is high, and logistics are difficult.
      1. Sckepsis
        Sckepsis 30 March 2021 22: 39
        0

        the range of tasks performed is narrow

        Yes, in general, narrow, just a central role in any operation of the ground forces.
  3. Cowbra
    Cowbra 26 March 2021 18: 18
    -1
    If we throw out the idle talk, it remains - realizing the impossibility of renewing the combat effectiveness of the country's Armed Forces, with the current shortage of 60-70% HP, the island officially reduces the Armed Forces.
    Guys, and the sheepfolds finally caught up that they were nobody at all. Just a filthy island like Iceland
    1. Doccor18
      Doccor18 26 March 2021 18: 33
      -1
      Quote: Cowbra
      ... realizing the impossibility of renewing the combat effectiveness of the country's armed forces ... the island officially reduces the armed forces ...

      Short, clear, to the point.
    2. paul3390
      paul3390 26 March 2021 18: 44
      -2
      Alas, while the families of the higher echelons of the Russian Federation are eating there and keeping the capital they have earned, there are very few small-breds. In principle, with one movement of their hand, they can bend us at any moment. What are you going to do if the mansion is described, the bank account is arrested and the son-in-law is grabbed with foolishness on his pocket? And since they do not do this, and our type of elite is in no hurry to repatriate to a formal homeland, we can conclude that everything suits everyone, and the naglings do not really see any danger from us at close range .. And all their squeals are just a smokescreen ... And why would they then have a mighty army?
      1. Cowbra
        Cowbra 26 March 2021 18: 58
        0
        All families fled from Britain for a long time, there only in the 15th year the number of applicants from the Russian Federation to their universities has halved. As for real estate, again, after the excellent law, according to which any property can be confiscated at any time simply on suspicion - not only Russian oligarchs fled from there. 40% of the capital withdrawn from the islands (of everything that is in general on the islands) during Brexit - including from this came from. So there is no money for the army
      2. Prisoner
        Prisoner 26 March 2021 19: 49
        +4
        laughing Who is lousy about what about the bath. Are you tired? laughing An article about the modernization of the Kingdom's Land Forces.
  4. avib
    avib 26 March 2021 18: 49
    -3
    Armies are being reduced in number. Everywhere. Offensive weapons, especially tanks, are being reduced. This means that NATO is not going to attack anyone.
    1. Prisoner
      Prisoner 26 March 2021 19: 52
      -2
      "The Devil's greatest trick was to convince the world that it does not exist" (c) Something like that. NATO is not going to YET, because it understands that it will get in the face and get it hard.
    2. Lara Croft
      Lara Croft 26 March 2021 20: 22
      -1
      Quote: avib
      Armies are being reduced in number. Everywhere.

      Immediately after the end of the Cold War. Even countries such as China, North Korea and India are reducing their armed forces, primarily at the expense of the ground forces. In Europe, these rates are simply faster.
      Offensive weapons, especially tanks, are being reduced.

      Not all of course. The number of CD carriers is only increasing, and now BR / CD will be shorter and medium-range, having deployed them in Europe, the Americans will be freed from the expensive maintenance of the military contingent in the European theater of operations ...
      This means that NATO is not going to attack anyone.

      Is not a fact. The methods of attack will be different, but the war itself is contactless ...
      1. avib
        avib 27 March 2021 12: 56
        +1
        How in contactless war - to capture and hold territories without tanks and infantry?
        Will cruise missiles sweep street by street?
        But this is generally a secondary or tertiary issue.
        First and foremost, why.
        Why would NATO countries attack Russia? A country with nuclear weapons and the possibility of retaliation?
        Everything that the West needs from Russia (when it comes to natural resources) can be bought trite.
        The fact that, due to internal political problems, the atmosphere of a besieged fortress is being forced in the country does not mean that someone from outside wants to attack. While everyone around is afraid that Russia will attack.
        1. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 27 March 2021 16: 36
          0
          Quote: avib
          How in contactless war - to capture and hold territories without tanks and infantry?

          They will throw a large number of "axes" with which the Aerospace Forces will not be able to cope, and the submarine / SSBN submarines and the places of deployment of the Strategic Missile Forces will be partially destroyed, they will drive the country into the Stone Age, and that's all, battles, like during the Second World War ...
          In the West of the Russian Federation, we have in the center a shortage of TA (with one TD) and the 20th OA, and along the flanks of the ZVO from the North, the 6th OA, as part of three brigades, and in the south, the 8th OA is being created with one division, if these troops burn out in border battles with NATO and from the strikes of the Kyrgyz Republic, then weighing the Russian Federation to the Urals and Rostov will be open ... the distance from Kandalaksha to Voronezh is covered by one VA VKS ...
          In the South of the Russian Federation, the 58th OA will remain, but you cannot transfer it anywhere, it will remain there to cover the coast of the Black Sea and the foothills of the North Caucasus, and before the 49th OA will cover the Rostov direction ...
          The RF is not the USSR, the RF Armed Forces have one echelon of troops, and not three, as in the Union ...
          First and foremost, why.
          Why would NATO countries attack Russia? A country with nuclear weapons and the possibility of retaliation?

          Why then was NATO created and which was not disbanded after the dissolution of the Internal Affairs Directorate, but on the contrary expanded and went to the borders of the Russian Federation itself ...
          The goals and objectives of NATO remained the same, and the possibility of a retaliatory strike is called into question .... because. we do not know at what stage the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces can give the command to use nuclear weapons ...
          Everything that the West needs from Russia (when it comes to natural resources) can be bought trite.

          The question is that those who buy resources from us are both competitors to the United States and NATO allies ...
          The fact that, due to internal political problems, the atmosphere of a besieged fortress is being forced in the country does not mean that someone from outside wants to attack.

          Currently, there is a threatened period preceding the war - political and economic sanctions, restrictions on our use of resources for sale, restrictions even in diplomatic terms, here, like before any military operation, the enemy must solve three problems:
          - Isolation of the future theater of operations (the creation of anti-Russian regimes in neighboring countries and the deployment of their military bases along the perimeter of the Russian Federation);
          - communication disruption (disconnection from the international banking system, the Internet, the fight against the satellite constellation of the Russian Federation);
          - violation of communications (blockade actions of the navies of NATO countries and other US allies, sabotage and terrorist attacks on the territory of the Russian Federation in terms of destruction / damage to transport infrastructure, disruption of logistics and automated control on sea, river, aviation, pipeline and railway transport etc.)....
    3. Pandiurin
      Pandiurin 8 May 2021 12: 38
      0
      They have no one to fight on the island.
      Expeditionary forces are being modernized.
      For a long time no one has been dealing with them, therefore they are outdated and most likely a lot is not in working order.
      It makes sense to have a lot of old tanks if they don't drive.

      Once they began to shake up their weapons, it means there are plans for possible military operations outside the island.

      Coincided with Brexit, apparently there was a division of interests with former EU colleagues.

      And it doesn't necessarily have nothing to do with us.
      For example, Germany may not be interested in escalating with Russia across Ukraine, the Baltic states - Kaliningrad.
      The British, on the contrary, are always inclined towards the toughest confrontation. If regular troops are not sent there, they will provide instructors for sure.
  5. Holuay T.O
    Holuay T.O 26 March 2021 21: 17
    -3
    The expedition capabilities of the Britons have always been excellent, and in general they have a successful army.
    1. lucul
      lucul 26 March 2021 22: 35
      -5
      The expedition capabilities of the Britons have always been excellent, and in general they have a successful army.

      Only now their adversary is China. And they have no superiority against him, neither at sea nor on land, nor in the air.
      I won't even talk about Russia.
  6. Victorio
    Victorio 26 March 2021 21: 31
    0
    Defense in a competitive age
    ===
    defend and defend, and the threats are more and more. Already overlaid the Anglo-Saxons from all sides. hypocrisy is everything today.
  7. Runway
    Runway 27 March 2021 01: 00
    -1
    The Britons are shaking out the peacetime army staff with the build-up of the SBR grouping (brigade of the 4th battalion).
    Regiment + brigade (6-7 baht), airborne brigade + 3 SAS regiment.
    There are 12-14.000 snouts.
    Hans and other Benelux also have around 15.000 snouts.
    The Franks also have about that (about 10.000 snouts).
    The Italians also have about 10.000 snouts in the airborne troops, aeromobiles and special reconnaissance.
    Runs 50.000 in the SBR in the European theater of operations of NATO (excluding small things such as Poland, the Baltic states and other Greek-Turks).
  8. Sckepsis
    Sckepsis 30 March 2021 22: 33
    0

    It is clear that the British High Command understands the need for continuous development and renewal of the armed forces.

    Not obvious at all.