Military Review

New Serbian modular MLRS "Shumadija"


"Shumadija" at one of the foreign exhibitions

The product catalog of the Jugoimport SDPR enterprise (Serbia) contains a wide range of modern multiple launch rocket systems with different features and characteristics. One of the latest developments in this area is the Shumadiga modular MLRS. It is capable of using two types of rockets, which ensure the destruction of targets at ranges up to 285 km.

At the exhibition and at the parade

Project "Shumadia" (by name historical region in the center of Serbia) was developed in the mid-tenths by the forces of several key enterprises of the Serbian defense industry. The main developers were the Belgrade Military Technical Institute, as well as the companies "EDePro" and "Krusik Vajevo". Subsequently, they completed the assembly of experimental equipment and prepared production facilities for the series.

According to known data, the basis of the modern project was the developments of previous years. Back in the eighties, the Military Technical Institute studied the possibility of creating an MLRS with a large-caliber projectile capable of showing an increased flight range. In the nineties, work on this topic slowed down, but later it was possible to again reach a high pace and create a full-fledged complex of rocket artillery.

The launcher contains modules with 400-mm missiles.

The first public display of the new MLRS took place at IDEX 2017 in the UAE. Later, the Shumadija product was shown at other events in Serbia and in foreign countries. On October 19, 2019, combat vehicles of a new type took part in a military parade in honor of the anniversary of the liberation of Belgrade from the Nazi invaders.

The appearance of a new MLRS at the parade, according to various estimates, spoke of its adoption by the Serbian army. However, no reports of mass production and transfer of equipment to the troops have yet been received. Apparently, "Shumadia" either remains on trials, or is already ready for production if there is an order. The same is the case with export deliveries. Demonstration at foreign exhibitions has not yet led to the emergence of contracts.

Modular system

MLRS "Shumadiga" is a complex designed to deliver missile strikes against area targets in tactical depth. The project is based on the well-known, but not the most common concept of MLRS with a modular combat load - by replacing transport and launch containers, a combat vehicle can use two types of missiles with different characteristics. MLRS is capable of working independently or as part of various divisions.

There are two types of rockets. Larger product - "Jerina-1"

Prototype MLRSs were built on four-axle KamAZ chassis. The original armored hull was used, containing the calculation places and the rear compartment. The cargo platform of the chassis received jacks, hydraulic or electric, at the request of the customer. The aft part of the car is given under the launcher. The resulting combat vehicle weighs 38 tons in running order and retains the running characteristics of the base chassis. The calculation includes 4 people.

The launcher consists of a slewing support and an oscillating platform. The aiming control is carried out remotely, from the operator's console. The actuators are electrical and hydraulic. There are no projectile guides directly on the launcher, but there are mounts for mounting two modules with missiles.

The module is made in the form of a rectangular body several meters long and approx. 1,5 m with fasteners for mounting on the swinging part of the unit. Such a building houses transport and launch containers with rockets. The number of rockets in a module depends on their type. In addition, TPK missiles of larger caliber protrude beyond the ends of the module.

New Serbian modular MLRS "Shumadija"

On board the "Shumadia" there are inertial and satellite navigation facilities, communication systems and a modern digital fire control system. With the help of these means, the MLRS is capable of determining its coordinates, receiving target designation and calculating data for firing. Preparation for launching missiles is carried out using remote control and takes minimal time.

The control equipment allows the new MLRS to work independently, as well as as part of a battery of up to 6 units. or in a battalion with 18 launchers. The group use of Shumadiga complexes is carried out with the help of a battery / divisional command post that coordinates the work of individual combat vehicles.

Two rockets

Within the framework of the Shumadiga project, two types of missiles with different characteristics and missions have been created. They are placed in containers of appropriate dimensions and installed in unified modules. Shooting with single shells or with a salvo is allowed - depending on the task at hand.

At the exhibitions, the combat vehicle was demonstrated with the modules of the Jerina-1 missiles. This product is 8,25 m long, 400 m in caliber and 1550 kg in weight. The solid-propellant engine provides a flight range of 285 km. A 200-kg warhead is provided. On board the rocket there is a guidance system based on satellite and inertial navigation, which provides a CEP of no more than 50 m.

Missiles "Jerina-1" are delivered in cylindrical TPK, two in a unified module. The mass of the latter is 4,2 tons. The rocket, container and module have connectors for communication with the OMS of the launcher. Ready-to-use ammunition on the launcher - only 4 missiles.

The Jerina-2 rocket is a further development of the ammunition for the older M-87 Orcan MLRS. This rocket is 4,7 m long, 262 mm caliber and weighs less than 100 kg. The range of such a product does not exceed 70 km. A high-explosive fragmentation warhead is used, however, the possibility of using other equipment is declared, incl. unified with the Orkan missile.

TPK with "Jerina-2" products are installed in a module of six pieces, in two tiers of three. Thus, a salvo of one MLRS can include up to 12 missiles.

The MLRS includes a transport and reloading machine. It is proposed to carry four modules with missiles of any type on its cargo platform. It has its own crane for loading modules onto the launcher. Mechanization of processes and the use of modules not only compensates for a significant mass of ammunition, but also accelerates preparation for firing.

With ample opportunities

MLRS "Shumadiga" uses the promising idea of ​​using different ammunition with different characteristics, which allows to achieve very remarkable results. The main advantages of such a system are related to the firing range and flexibility of use. 262-mm shells make it possible to attack area targets at an increased range, and 400-mm ammunition becomes an analogue of operational-tactical missiles.

Simultaneously with "Shumadia", another modular MLRS, called "Tamnava", was being developed. It is capable of using shells of calibers 122 and 262 mm in ready-made replaceable modules, and the combat vehicle itself transports and installs spare ammunition.

Two modern MLRS of Serbian design are capable of forming an artillery complex with broad capabilities. With the help of its 122-mm shells, "Tamnava" can fire at a distance of 2-3 km to 40 mm. The 262 mm rounds are compatible with both systems and provide a salvo fire at 70 km. Finally, Shumadia can hit a small target at a distance of 285 km. To this should be added the presence of missiles with different warheads, which increases the flexibility of use.

Thus, Serbian enterprises managed to create at once two very interesting and successful multiple launch rocket systems with wide capabilities and serious advantages. Obviously, such samples can interest potential buyers and go into series for the Serbian army or foreign countries.

However, while the MLRS "Shumadija" has not reached production, and its prospects remain uncertain. Jugoimport SDPR is trying to promote its products in the domestic and international markets, but in the case of promising multiple launch rocket systems, there have been no significant successes so far. Perhaps the situation will change for the better in the future, and a modular approach will contribute to this result.
Photos used:
"Jugoimport SDPR", Wikimedia Commons

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  1. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 25 March 2021 18: 08
    Well what can I say ... Well done Serbs! They have not lost the military-industrial complex, they are creating new products. 285 km is a very worthy job position! good
  2. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 25 March 2021 18: 13
    Serbs are great, they have preserved and are developing their military-industrial complex. They make very interesting products, for example, Alas ATGM of the 3rd generation with a range of up to 60 km. Very worthy.

    This is the MLRS in the modern trend. Multi-caliber is already the norm. By the way, the variant with 400 mm missiles reminded the Syrian Golan

  3. Ros 56
    Ros 56 25 March 2021 18: 34
    And our maximum range, if I'm not mistaken, is about 130 km?
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 25 March 2021 21: 45
      Quote: Ros 56
      And our maximum range, if I'm not mistaken, is about 130 km?

      300mm caliber still imposes restrictions
    2. venik
      venik 26 March 2021 23: 40
      Quote: Ros 56
      And our maximum range, if I'm not mistaken, is about 130 km?

      And we have a range of 120 km (if necessary, they will bring it up to 200) is determined by the fact that the OTRK ("Iskander") operates at a longer range, and therefore, to create a super-long-range MLRS is necessary. no.... Is that for export? And so, their functions are much more successfully performed by OTRK.
      Well, such "ersatz-OTRK" are only needed "for export" ....

      PS After all, each Army creates something that:
      - Firstly, she "can afford it";
      - Secondly, it corresponds to the doctrine and defense plans.
      PPS If "THIS" does not mean that "THIS" we cannot create in principle (sometimes this happens), but more often means that "THIS" is for us need not! Or from the word - IN GENERAL, or from the word AT THE MOMENT!
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 25 March 2021 18: 44
    It is possible to make a cheap, almost tactical missile from a cheap MLRS, but why?
    How will such a "fool" penetrate through normal air defense?
    1. Gallyamov Iskandar
      Gallyamov Iskandar 25 March 2021 19: 39
      And if there is no normal air defense? In some local conflict. + If you hit at once with all the might of the division, then cover is guaranteed.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 25 March 2021 21: 10
        I have questions, but .... they want to vyzhivatsya in their own way, the flag is in their hands.
    2. Flooding
      Flooding 25 March 2021 21: 43
      Quote: rocket757
      How will such a "fool" penetrate through normal air defense?

      and if the division fires a volley?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 26 March 2021 06: 00
        I don't care .... it just raises heels of questions / problems that limit the effectiveness / value of this weapon.
        1. Andrey Korotkov
          Andrey Korotkov 26 March 2021 14: 55
          I would like to know the approximate cost of MLRS
  5. Flooding
    Flooding 25 March 2021 21: 34
    The Jerina-2 rocket is a further development of the ammunition for the older M-87 Orcan MLRS. It is a rocket with a length of 4,7 m, caliber 262 mm. weighing less than 100 kg.

    Explicit typo.
    It meant that the mass of the warhead is less than 100 kg.
  6. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 26 March 2021 13: 39
    Quote: rocket757
    It is possible to make a cheap, almost tactical missile from a cheap MLRS, but why?
    How will such a "fool" penetrate through normal air defense?

    This "fool" is cheap and will not penetrate through air defense, but will only crush him in number.
  7. Phoenix
    Phoenix 26 March 2021 16: 53
    Why would the MLRS interfere with the OTRK? MLRS for covering large areas in the absence of accurate target designation. Should be cheap and massive. If there is a point target, then the OTRK works. It must be far, accurate, and overcome the missile defense. And it turns out that neither one nor the other does not manifest itself properly.
  8. Dmt
    Dmt 31 March 2021 11: 13
    Quote: Phoenix
    Why would the MLRS interfere with the OTRK? ...
    To save money - there is only one base, therefore it is more profitable to maintain it - the number of components is half as much. Specialists can also be trained in one place. If they do this, then economists have considered that the disadvantages of unified systems are overlapped by the financial component. Only in our country they know the officers should be trained for this and that, but if you want unification, do not mixed systems, but mixed divisions / brigades. In addition, the nomenclature of RS / missiles makes it possible to duplicate the tasks of the MLRS OTRK and vice versa.
  9. Max PV
    Max PV 10 June 2021 09: 24
    A radical increase in the range of the MLRS, in this case, is achieved by reducing the mass of the warhead 200 kg, which is one third less than that of our "Smerch", with twice the mass of the rocket, and, accordingly, twice the mass of fuel. This is also a kind of option, according to which the Chinese were the first to go. We followed the path of improving the OTP. Of the advantages of the Chinese and this Serbian MLRS: the lower cost of the missile and the versatility of the launcher, the number of missiles on the launcher is 2-4 times greater. Of the minuses: the relatively low power of the warhead (150-200 kg), KVO, with the impossibility of using satellite navigation, requiring at least a full divisional salvo to hit the target, and possibly more than one, dubious prospects for a breakthrough of a modern missile defense system, when fired by a battery or fewer vehicles ...