Military Review

Construction of the submarine forces of the Russian Navy in 2021

Construction of the submarine forces of the Russian Navy in 2021

Groundbreaking ceremony for the "Prince Oleg" SSBN, July 27, 2014. Photo by Sevmash

On March 19, submariners celebrated their professional holiday. On this day, the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper published an interview with the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov. The commander-in-chief congratulated the submariners on their professional holiday, and also revealed current plans for the development of submarine forces, incl. for the construction and modernization of ships.


The admiral noted that the issues of equipping the underwater component fleet get special attention. This is due to the need to contain and neutralize threats to the country's maritime borders. In accordance with geographical factors and current challenges, plans are drawn up for the further development of the submarine fleet. Current plans provide for the construction of fourth generation nuclear and non-nuclear ships, distinguished by high performance and wide capabilities.

Launch of the Bulava SLBM from the Knyaz Vladimir submarine, the newest Borey in the Navy. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

The Commander-in-Chief of the Navy revealed the current plans for the construction and acceptance of submarines this year. The commissioning of the next strategic missile submarine, project 955, and the laying of two new ones are expected. Also, two ships will replenish the fleet of multipurpose nuclear submarines of project 885. It is expected that one more diesel-electric submarine of project 636.3 will be commissioned and the laying of two next ships of this type is expected.

In parallel with the construction of the current 4th generation nuclear submarine, work is underway on the promising 5th. Work continues on non-nuclear submarines of project 677. In the short term, the Navy will accept two such ships, but the commander-in-chief did not name the exact dates. Also, the already begun modernization of the nuclear submarines of projects 949A and 971 continues.

Atomic perspectives

Let's consider in more detail the announced plans for nuclear submarine shipbuilding. The main replenishment of the fleet this year will be the next SSBN pr. 955A "Borey" - "Prince Oleg". This ship was laid down in 2014 and launched in July last year. The completion is completed, and now the submarine is undergoing mooring tests.

Lead nuclear submarine pr. 885, "Severodvinsk". Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

In the wake of the interview with the commander-in-chief of the Navy, possible details of subsequent work became known. TASS, referring to its sources, writes that in the coming months the nuclear submarine "Knyaz Oleg" will undergo state tests, during which it will launch the Bulava missile from a submerged position. Delivery of the submarine will be timed to the Day of the Navy, which will be celebrated on July 25. "Prince Oleg" will become the fifth "Borey" in the submarine forces and the third for the Pacific Fleet.

Three more Boreas are at different stages of construction, and one of the cruisers, Generalissimo Suvorov, will be launched this year. According to the previous news, he will join the Navy by the end of next year. In the near future, construction of two more submarines will begin - "Dmitry Donskoy" and "Prince Potemkin". Their service will begin in 2026-27.

The most important news about the construction of the multipurpose nuclear submarine pr. 885 "Yasen" is being received. To date, the fleet has managed to receive only the lead ship of this type, while the construction of the next has been noticeably delayed. After several years of waiting and a number of postponements, the transfer of the boat "Kazan", built since 2009 according to the updated project "885M", will take place in the near future. The next nuclear submarine "Novosibirsk" is expected to be accepted into the Navy by the end of the year. Recently, the media reported on preparations for launching the Krasnoyarsk ship. He will be taken out of the boathouse by the end of the summer.

Submarine "Kazan" on sea trials. Photo "Sevmash"

According to the results of 2021, the Northern Fleet will include two Yasen nuclear submarines. The third will be transferred to the Pacific Fleet. Six more submarines are under construction, including the Krasnoyarsk. They will be taken in the period from 2022 to 2028.

Diesel future

In the coming days, the next diesel-electric submarine pr. 636.3 "Varshavyanka" should be launched. The new "Magadan" will be completed and tested over the next few months, and by the end of the year it will become part of the Navy. Then the boat will be sent to the Pacific Ocean. In addition, this year the ship "Ufa" will be launched, which is to begin service in 2022. Mozhaisk and Yakutsk will be laid in the coming months.

The current construction of the Varshavyanka is carried out in the interests of the Pacific Fleet. He has already received two ships out of the planned six - "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky" and "Volkhov". Thus, thanks to the expected "Magadan", half of the current plans for the re-equipment of the KTOF will be fulfilled.

Laying down of diesel-electric submarines "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky" and "Volkhov" for the Pacific Fleet, July 28, 2017 Photo "Admiralty Shipyards"

In August last year, a contract was signed for the construction of the 13th Varshavyanka. The ship "Petrozavodsk" will be laid down in 2022 and will be built for the Baltic Fleet. Probably, in the future, there will be new orders for equipment for Baltic submariners.

According to Admiral Evmenov, in the future, the fleet will receive two diesel-electric submarines, project 677 Lada - Kronstadt and Velikiye Luki. This statement confirms previously reported information. In early February, the Admiralteiskie Verfi plant, which is building Lada, revealed plans for this series. The first serial ship, Kronstadt, is already undergoing mooring trials. "Velikie Luki" is still under construction, but will be launched next year. By the end of 2022, both diesel-electric submarines will be handed over to the fleet.

Thus, the long-suffering project 677 coped with all the difficulties and comes to serial construction. The lead ship of this type has long been listed in the Navy, it is planned to receive two more, and the next three diesel-electric submarines have already been contracted. They will probably be laid down at the same time as the delivery of the previous ships.

"Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky" on trials, October 2019 Photo "Admiralty shipyards"

Construction continues

To date, remarkable results have been obtained in the field of submarine shipbuilding, and this trend continues. Every year it is possible to complete and put into operation several nuclear and non-nuclear submarines of all main classes and types, from large diesel-electric to strategic missile carriers. As a result, both the total number of submarine forces and the proportion of new ships are growing.

The best results were obtained in the simplest direction, in the field of diesel-electric submarines. In 2010-20. built and handed over to two fleets eight "Varshavyanka". Work continues, and no later than 2023-24. the construction of a series of such boats for KTOF will be completed, which will allow the transition to the rearmament of other fleets. It should also be recalled that since 2010, St. Petersburg, pr. 677 has been in trial operation.

In order to upgrade the naval component of the nuclear forces, it is planned to build 10 Project 955 (A) SSBNs. "Prince Oleg" will be the fifth in the series - its transfer to the fleet will mark the completion of half of the current program. The second half of construction will be completed in 2022-28.

Launching of the submarine "Kronstadt" pr. 677, September 20, 2018 Photo "Admiralty Shipyards"

So far, the worst situation is with the construction of multipurpose nuclear submarines, project 885 (M). Only one boat is ready, and after a long wait this year the Navy will receive two more. Problems with "Ash" are to some extent offset by plans to modernize existing multipurpose submarines with the replacement of key equipment and main weapons. However, in the long term, the number of modern "Ash" will grow, and this will gradually abandon the outdated samples.

It should be borne in mind that the development of submarine forces is carried out not only through the construction of new ships. The necessary facilities of the coastal infrastructure are being created, the processes of personnel training and living conditions for it are being improved, etc. Active work is already underway on the next generations of submarines.

Thus, the Russian submarine fleet celebrated its 115th anniversary in good condition and with good prospects. The work continues and allows us to count on the fulfillment of all the tasks set. Actual plans have been drawn up for several years ahead, almost until the end of the decade. As a result of their implementation, the appearance of the submarine forces will seriously change, and their capabilities will increase. And a significant part of such results can be observed already now.
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  1. iouris
    iouris 23 March 2021 18: 07
    "Building submarine forces" is a program for 15..20 years. What can you talk about within 365 days?
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 23 March 2021 19: 05
      Quote: iouris
      "Building submarine forces" is a program for 15..20 years. What can you talk about within 365 days?

      Are you proposing to meet in 15 years to talk about this topic?
      1. iouris
        iouris 23 March 2021 19: 09
        Come back in fifty years. Let's talk.
        1. Flooding
          Flooding 23 March 2021 19: 11
          what are we going to discuss?
          dentures and wheelchairs?
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 23 March 2021 19: 47
            In 2071, we will be discussing a new cure for aging.
    2. ramzay21
      ramzay21 24 March 2021 05: 51
      This completes the program at the Guests of the Fairy Tale.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 23 March 2021 18: 16
    And the girls could be dressed in sundresses !!! Beautiful, mysterious and good from all sides! Well, everything, everyone is parroting from a foreign ...
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 23 March 2021 19: 07
      Quote: rocket757
      And the girls could be dressed in sundresses !!! Beautiful, mysterious and good from all sides!

      Yeah, sundresses with drums are very mysterious))
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 23 March 2021 19: 25
        Why do we need drums? Do we have beautiful maidens or archers on the drill?
        Parroting ....
        1. antivirus
          antivirus 23 March 2021 19: 39
          do not build AB in 100 VI - on the deck both archers and girls would be lost - because they do not build - because a kokoshnik is lost on deck 000x300m.
        2. Flooding
          Flooding 23 March 2021 20: 35
          Quote: rocket757
          Why do we need drums

          found a replacement for drums
      2. shahor
        shahor 24 March 2021 17: 18
        Quote: Flood
        Yeah, sundresses with drums are very mysterious))

        And give them tambourines!
  3. knn54
    knn54 23 March 2021 18: 17
    What is not information (after processing) for an Estonian (or other) spy ...
    1. nnm
      nnm 23 March 2021 18: 38
      So the state program for the development of weapons is already in the public domain. And the Defense Ministry itself reports on all major contracts in the media.
    2. Flooding
      Flooding 23 March 2021 19: 07
      Quote: knn54
      What is not information (after processing) for an Estonian (or other) spy ...

      so this is what the VO earns on
      1. knn54
        knn54 23 March 2021 19: 57
        Imagine - slightly manipulate, add a photo, etc.
        And then the vigilant employee (s) find these papers.
        There is a chance to get a star or an award.
        And not all residents or counterintelligence agents read VO.
        Although the truth that ~ 90% of intelligence information is received from the open press has not been canceled.
  4. volga17
    volga17 23 March 2021 19: 02
    How realistic is the commissioning of the multipurpose nuclear submarine "Novosibirsk" this year?
    If the delivery of "Kazan" is planned only in June.
  5. TerraSandera
    TerraSandera 23 March 2021 19: 22
    Did I understand correctly that Ash trees take so long to build that you have to modernize? They seem to be able to cope faster with diesel and missile carriers. What's the catch?
    1. bk0010
      bk0010 23 March 2021 21: 37
      Quote: TerraSandera
      Did I understand correctly that Ash trees take so long to build that you have to modernize? They seem to be able to cope faster with diesel and missile carriers. What's the catch?
      The Ash project was started in the second half of the 70s, the boat itself - at the beginning of 94. Over the past 30 years from the start of construction, a couple of new ideas have apparently appeared.
  6. ccsr
    ccsr 23 March 2021 19: 39
    I understand perfectly well that the construction of any submarines is expensive, costly and takes a long time, but in any case it will pay off in the future, because it is they who can somehow hide from the enemy's reconnaissance structures, which means they will fulfill their combat mission, although it is possible and partly in a real war.
    I think that as soon as we build a certain number of submarines, they will begin to improve the control system, because so far this element of life is far from perfect. Well, apparently, military thought is also working in the direction of creating imitators of the movement of submarines or something like underwater means of the type of electronic warfare, in order to make it difficult for the enemy to detect them both by acoustic and electromagnetic radiation.
    Quote: Flood
    Are you proposing to meet in 15 years to talk about this topic?

    I think it will be cleared up much earlier, and it will be noticeable by what new ships will be laid in the next 5-7 years.
    1. 2 Level Advisor
      2 Level Advisor 23 March 2021 20: 20
      more correct - it will be noticeable for which they will pass, and not pledged.
  7. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 23 March 2021 20: 32
    submarines are the backbone of the fleet, only they do not need to be small and narrow to the Baltic, it is better to continue to strengthen the Northern Fleet of the Pacific Fleet of the Black Sea Fleet
  8. Rlptrt
    Rlptrt 23 March 2021 20: 36
    Propaganda. For 30, thirty, Karl, 4 Boreas and 1 Ash were built. The pace is fabulous. Varshavyanka was once a "black hole", but time has moved forward. A critical parameter for a non-nuclear submarine, which allows it to fulfill the honor of the tasks of a universal nuclear submarine, is autonomy. Oxygen-independent engine for Lad and "could not". Many could, but not us. Therefore, instead of cheap Ladas, we are trying to rivet at least a few super-expensive Ash trees.
  9. Soldatov V.
    Soldatov V. 23 March 2021 21: 35
    Why the admirals are so indifferent to the fleet, I don’t understand. 12 years tormenting the ship that is needed the day before yesterday. Three commanders in a row, if I'm not mistaken, stood on the outfitting wall and stared blankly at it. Handbook of military sailors "Overhaul" Novikov-Surf. Read and follow the book if you yourself already do not understand. I don’t know if this will help or not, but all combat admirals need to be removed from the construction of the fleet. Apart from drill training, the cleanliness of the latrine and the brassing of copper, they already know nothing. Marine Engineers are the authority on ship building and repair. And the deadlines, deadlines. Didn't meet the deadline - whether the foreman, foreman, shop manager, and so on, go to the hard worker if you don't know how to lead.
    636 and 677 are already yesterday and long ago. About 30-40 years ago, the Americans had a mini-submarine with a micro-nuclear silent reactor, which even traveled along the bottom on wheels. So we can
    1. Alceers
      Alceers 23 May 2021 21: 59
      Quote: V.
      Overhaul of Novikov-Priboy. Read and follow

      Your level of understanding of the problems of the Navy is the same as in this phrase. Does the last name Sobolev tell you anything? And the fact that the admirals do not build boats, there is nothing to talk about ...
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Soldatov V.
        Soldatov V. 24 May 2021 13: 39
        I beg your pardon. Something peeled. Of course, the author of the Overhaul is L. Sobolev. Under the influence of Sobolev and other marine painters, he entered the navy, specializing in ship mechanical engineer. I apologize again.
      3. Soldatov V.
        Soldatov V. 24 May 2021 14: 02
        If admirals do not build boats, why do they go as observers, advisors to shipbuilding? I understand to lead a squadron into battle, to develop an operation to repel the enemy, but to get into the technical process, into the economy where you don’t understand why? It's like a general at a wedding. There is an anecdote in the Navy: When the Admiral went to the bridge, he took out a piece of paper, read it and hid it in his pocket. Before retirement, he was asked what is this prayer? No, this is a reminder of front-nose, back-poop.
      4. Soldatov V.
        Soldatov V. 24 May 2021 14: 09
        I beg your pardon that something is overwhelmed. The author of the overhaul is L. Sobolev. Under his influence and other marine painters, I went to the navy. Once again, I apologize.
  10. Alexander Yarosh
    Alexander Yarosh 24 March 2021 03: 54
    The prospects are simple, with the further destruction of the defense industry, giving way to submarines finally to the Chinas ...
  11. xomaNN
    xomaNN 24 March 2021 12: 16
    The construction of the nuclear submarine entered the conveyor rhythm. Another would be to reduce the construction time of the nuclear submarine. I would like to believe that the new generation Lada submarines will receive a modern propulsion system. NOT our design bureaus themselves, so let our GRU borrow someone else's project crying
  12. shkiper83
    shkiper83 25 March 2021 17: 11
    Can anyone explain the following. Back in 2000, I bought a book about the Russian fleet and there diesel-electric submarines pr 877, called Varshavyanka. When he studied at the military department from 2002-2005 for project 877, he was also called Varshavyanka. But after 10 years, for some reason, this project began to be called halibut, and the next Varshavyanka.
    1. moody
      moody Yesterday, 13: 32
      Project 877 submarines "Palthus" are a series of Soviet and Russian submarines built in 1982-2000. These boats are also often called "Varshavyanka", since it was originally intended to equip the navies of the Org. Warsaw Pact.

      The construction was carried out in two series, significantly different in characteristics. As part of the USSR Navy, all boats were assigned to project 877, and export ones - one series was designated as project 877E and 877EKM, the second - project 636.

      From Wikipedia.
      1. shkiper83
        shkiper83 Yesterday, 17: 05
        I read the wiki. But in 2004, I was trained in Warsaw, the officers who served in Warsaw did not hear about any Halibuts. And then it turned out that the project has a different name. It’s strange.
        1. moody
          moody Yesterday, 22: 29
          Well, there was probably no such article in Wikipedia in 2004. And then they read it, felt it. :)
          In general, this is a secret operation to misinform the enemy. Even if the officers didn't know. :)
  13. valerij zviozdkin
    valerij zviozdkin April 9 2021 17: 42
    Do you know how to ride along the bottom?