Military Review

New US Arctic strategy

27

Airborne assault landing in Alaska, February 2021


In mid-January, the Pentagon adopted an updated version of its Arctic strategy. A few days ago, an unclassified portion of this document was published called Regaining Arctic Dominance. It indicates the main threats and challenges of the present time, as well as lists the tasks and plans for the near future. For obvious reasons, the document pays great attention to the threat posed by Russia and China, as well as ways to counter it.

Threats and challenges


The authors of the strategy remind that the Arctic remains the subject of increased interest of a number of countries, some of which are at a certain distance from this region. Such interest is associated with natural resources, logistic potential, military-political aspects, etc.

The main competitors of the United States in the Arctic region are Russia and China. Moscow has direct access to the Arctic and views it as a strategically important area for economic, military and political reasons. For China, the main interest is cargo transportation along the Arctic routes, although other features of the region will not be ignored.


Paratroopers of the 25th Infantry Division during an exercise, February 2021.

In such a situation, the United States plans to maintain and defend its leadership positions in the region, incl. at the expense of military force. At the same time, the existing grouping in the Arctic is far from fully consistent with the current tasks and proposed development plans. Accordingly, the demonstration of the flag turns out to be not so effective, and the combat capabilities are seriously limited.

Traditionally, the focus in the Arctic has been on air and missile defense issues. Other forces are less represented in the region. Thus, the ground forces have only three bases near the Arctic Circle, all located in Alaska. The total number of personnel is less than 12 thousand people. Another 2 thousand serve in the National Guard, and the same number is in reserve. The Air Force and Navy are mainly represented on patrols.

Proposed measures


The Regaining Arctic Dominance strategy proposes the development and improvement of the organizational and staff structure in the Arctic, incl. by creating new formations. It is also necessary to increase the size of the army grouping and strengthen it with the help of certain forces and means. Particular attention should be paid to the preparation of troops for work in a harsh climate. The resulting grouping must work in all conditions and fulfill the entire range of assigned tasks.


The key idea of ​​the strategy is the creation of a "multimedia connection" MDTF (Multidomain Task Force). A unit similar in composition to a division will be deployed in Alaska. It will include a headquarters, support units and several brigades of various kinds. All of them must be equipped and trained to work in difficult northern conditions. To support the activities of the MDTF, training centers, training grounds, etc. can be created and modernized.

There are several key issues to address when creating an MDTF. First of all, it is logistics. The new structure will be deployed in a remote region, and some parts may end up in difficult terrain. Without the organization of a constant and full-scale supply, MDFT simply will not be able to cope with its tasks. It is also necessary to solve the problem of energy supply, taking into account the specifics of the region and logistics.

Particular attention should be paid to equipping and training troops. The fighters and their equipment must be protected from the harsh climate. A technique is needed that can work equally effectively at any time of the year, including extremely cold periods. It is also necessary to solve the problem of communication and navigation, taking into account the electromagnetic characteristics of the Arctic. All these issues can be solved by upgrading existing samples or by creating new ones.


Armored personnel carrier from the 1st Stryker Brigade during the Arctic Pegasus 2015 exercise

The MDTF will include units from different types of ground forces. To expand combat capabilities in the northern direction, it is proposed to strengthen this structure with the help of the Air Force and the Navy. Regaining Arctic Dominance's strategy proposes to experiment with “multimedia operations” to determine their real potential.

Actual questions


It will take some time to create new structures in the Arctic direction. It is necessary to form the exact composition of the future formation of the MDTF, determine its needs, and then draw up a plan for further construction, taking into account both combat capabilities and auxiliary issues.

In the meantime, the Pentagon will have to use only those troops and forces that are already available in the strategic northern direction. They will have to be updated, modernized and strengthened, incl. for further use as a basis for new structures. In addition, it is necessary to maintain the proper level of training, both in independent work and in interaction with allies.

In February, it was announced that the US and Canada had agreed to carry out a new upgrade of the NORAD system. Such processes will take several years and will expand the combat capabilities of joint air defense in accordance with the emergence of new threats. In addition, it is planned to launch an "expanded dialogue", during which issues of developing cooperation in various fields, including security, will be considered.


MLRS M142 at the exercises Defender Pacific 2020

As part of raising the level of training in the Arctic, American and joint exercises are regularly held. So, last year, before the introduction of quarantine measures, two major international events took place in North America and Europe.

A large number of maneuvers were carried out and are being carried out by the Pentagon without the participation of foreign military personnel. In early February, an exercise with paratroopers from the 25th Infantry Division landed in Alaska. Right now, the US and Canada are conducting exercises as part of NORAD. The Amalgam Dart 2021 maneuvers started on March 20 and will last until the 26th. Crews of radar and anti-aircraft systems are involved in the fight against a mock enemy, combat aviation etc.

Russian threats


The new strategy Regaining Arctic Dominance repeatedly mentions Russia - primarily, as a strategic adversary. So, describing the situation in the Arctic, the authors of the document considered the main opportunities and needs, as well as the real steps of Russia. In particular, the Russian interest in the polar natural resources and the ability to realize such an interest are noted.

The document lists Russian actions in recent years. So, in 2001-2015. measures were taken to expand possessions at the expense of the continental shelf. Since 2010, the restoration of air bases and radar systems has been underway. A "protective dome" has been created over almost all northern borders of the country. The S-400 and Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft systems are being deployed, as well as the Bastion coastal missile systems, which are responsible for repelling air and surface attacks.


Alaska Winter Games UH-60 Helicopters, March 2021

The modernization of the Arctic grouping is carried out against the background of other processes of updating and strengthening the Russian army. The quantitative and qualitative indicators of surface and submarine forces are growing, new systems are being introduced. All this, according to the Pentagon, leads to increased risks to US national security.

The mutually beneficial fruitful cooperation between Russia and China is noted. At the same time, in the Arctic, the two countries are still limited only by interaction in the field of mining. It is assumed that the Chinese presence in the Arctic will grow, and Russia will help a friendly country. However, the intended goals and objectives of the two countries, as well as the prospects for the development of the region in connection with them, remain unknown.

Competition strategy


Leading countries have long been open about their interest in the development of the Arctic. Its main reasons are related to the economy, namely, with minerals and cargo transportation. A direct consequence of this is the increased attention to the region in terms of national security and the strengthening of army groupings. As a result, the US Department of Defense regularly studies the current situation and proposes various measures. So, in January, another version of the Arctic strategy appeared, replacing the previous document in 2019.

The main goals and objectives in the updated strategy remain unchanged. The United States plans to maintain its global leadership, and the Arctic should be no exception. It is proposed to demonstrate the flag and exert pressure on the competing powers, which requires the development of an army grouping in the Arctic direction. The most visible and important proposal in the new strategy is the creation of a "multi-domain connection" MDTF. In the previous plans, they did without a radical restructuring of the organizational and staff structure.

The implementation of the new Arctic strategy will take several years, and its first results should be expected by the middle of the decade. In the future, it is possible to adopt new similar documents with certain corrections or additions. What they will be is not yet clear. However, it is obvious that the goals of the new strategies will remain the same - ousting competitors and gaining leadership positions in the Arctic.
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U.S. Army
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 23 March 2021 03: 57
    +3
    In mid-January, the Pentagon adopted an updated version of its Arctic strategy.

    None of it has been updated. The usual behavior of a "grabber": mine, mine, mine ...
    The Russian Federation has every right and must prevent any attempts to infringe on sovereignty. And all these overseas training like surfacing from under the ice and launching rockets ... Let them train in the Sahara.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 23 March 2021 04: 32
      0
      crowding out competitors and gaining leadership positions in the Arctic.
      They rolled out their lips .... Are there any icebreakers?
      1. Runway
        Runway 23 March 2021 05: 00
        +1
        Take a look at the air components.
        1. Profiler
          Profiler 23 March 2021 05: 19
          +13
          Regaining Arctic Dominance


          What domination, and in what period of history, are we talking about?

          When did the US dominate the Arctic?
          1. Monar
            Monar 23 March 2021 09: 18
            +4
            This phrase surprised me the same. Where and when did the United States dominate there?
          2. Doctor
            Doctor 23 March 2021 11: 35
            +1
            What domination, and in what period of history, are we talking about?

            When did the US dominate the Arctic?

            Large-scale disinformation. Distraction of forces.

            Hitler also allegedly sent troops to Poland on vacation.

            We must look at the border with Ukraine, the DRG Square is playing with might and main.
            1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 23 March 2021 12: 43
              0
              Quote: Arzt
              We must look at the border with Ukraine

              Who cares, and bald dandruff shampoo ... What the fuck is the connection between the Arctic strategy and the fuss in the Donbass? They have already gone crazy, you are putting this Ukraine on any agenda. Inflate any bunch there to the scale of Austerlitz.
              1. Doctor
                Doctor 23 March 2021 13: 21
                0
                Who cares, and bald dandruff shampoo ... What the fuck is the connection between the Arctic strategy and the fuss in the Donbass? They have already gone crazy, you are putting this Ukraine on any agenda. Inflate any bunch there to the scale of Austerlitz.

                Simple communication. The chatter about the Arctic wars makes the leadership of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation reflect, pulling forces and means there.

                Meanwhile, US destroyers are clarifying the hydrology of the Black Sea, a naval base is being built, and the land force is being built up.
                1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                  Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 23 March 2021 13: 52
                  0
                  Quote: Arzt
                  makes the leadership of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation reflect, pulling forces and means there.

                  where to delay something? From Donbass, or what? And, say, the program of landing on the Moon in 2024 - also, damn it, so that the MO should "reflect" and be distracted from Ukraine? And covid was synthesized, of course, also for this? Are they hindering our Defense Ministry from focusing on the most important task of the decade, scoundrels?
                  Quote: Arzt
                  Meanwhile, US destroyers are clarifying the hydrology of the Black Sea, a naval base is being built, and the land force is being built up.

                  What did you expect? What after the # Crimean USA the Black Sea will throw out of the field of its attention? With what fright? Of the six Black Sea countries, three are NATO members and two are candidates for membership. The disturbing presence of the 6th Fleet utensils has an explanation - they have allies and partners there.
                  1. Doctor
                    Doctor 23 March 2021 14: 16
                    0
                    where to delay something? From the Donbass, or what?

                    Of course. The budget of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Defense is not dimensionless.

                    For example, it went there, it means that it left in Belgorod.
                    https://topwar.ru/173559-armija-vnutri-armii-stroitelstvo-i-razvitie-vojsk-v-arktike.html
                    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 23 March 2021 14: 27
                      0
                      Quote: Arzt
                      For example, it went there, it means that it left in Belgorod.

                      enchanting logic. laughing They took it away from the pensioners.
                      And geopolitics, you know, is generally a costly thing. Especially when she's not very smart.
                      1. Doctor
                        Doctor 23 March 2021 14: 40
                        0
                        enchanting logic. laughing Taken from pensioners.
                        And geopolitics, you know, is generally a costly thing. Especially when she's not very smart.

                        Go to the store tomorrow and buy with all the money that you have a felt boot, sheepskin coats and warm hats.
                        In case of war in the Arctic. laughing

                        And the day after tomorrow you will need bread, meat and vegetables for breakfast, paracetamol from the temperature and condoms for the evening.

                        Exaggerated, but the meaning is clear, I hope. wink

                        In a geopolitical sense, reread Fedorov's book In Search of Weapons.
                        It is about how the battleships were set up, and then the rifles in Japan were bought three times a day.

                        Priorities, in short. wink
        2. Uncle lee
          Uncle lee 23 March 2021 05: 35
          +1
          Quote: WFP
          Take a look at the air components.

          So what ? Does this give the Yankees the right to climb into our sector of the Arctic?
    2. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 23 March 2021 05: 38
      0
      The usual behavior of a "grabber": mine, mine, mine ...

      smile A bit like this scene.

  2. Free wind
    Free wind 23 March 2021 05: 07
    +1
    I wonder where and when the pictures were taken? If they write that the snow was attacked in Alaska and northern Canada. above the village council. Record velocities over the past 60 years.
    1. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 23 March 2021 07: 22
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      I wonder where and when the pictures were taken? If they write that the snow was attacked in Alaska and northern Canada. above the village council. Record velocities over the past 60 years.

      It is written in the article that the exercises were conducted before the coronavirus quarantine, which means in the winter of 2019-20.

      They train together with Canada, let them master it on the northern islands, for example, Elizaveta Kololevs.
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 23 March 2021 08: 36
        0
        Well then, the news is urgently in the number, until it is outdated. laughing
  3. Far B
    Far B 23 March 2021 05: 49
    +2
    "Return of domination in the Arctic"
    Does the name "strategy" confuse me alone? Do they, the gallery, have something to return? Have they once dominated the Apktik? Do polar bears even know?
    Py.Sy. But Russia needs to be returned. Arctic borders of the times of the USSR. But for now, Russia is striving hard to drag Chinese, ahem, partners into the Arctic region.
    1. Doccor18
      Doccor18 23 March 2021 09: 56
      0
      Quote: Far In
      But Russia needs to be returned. Arctic borders of the times of the USSR. But for now, Russia is striving hard to drag Chinese, ahem, partners into the Arctic region.

      hi
      It's like that.
      That's just alarming. Not a good sign that Russia must respond to ...
      The key idea of ​​the strategy is the creation of a "multimedia connection" MDTF (Multidomain Task Force). A unit similar in composition to a division will be deployed in Alaska. It will include a headquarters, support units and several brigades of various kinds.

      A whole division in Alaska. What for? And Kamchatka and Chukotka are very close ...
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 23 March 2021 06: 00
    -2
    The little lips somehow rolled out the striped ones, as if they did not get frostbitten. lol But nothing, we have different types of lip-rolling machines there.
    1. prior
      prior 23 March 2021 09: 15
      -2
      Photo "Paratroopers of the 25th Infantry Division in an exercise, February 2021." I like it.
      When they fall into Russian captivity, there will be an experience in clearing snow.
      And we have snow in Siberia !!!! throw not throw ... laughing lol wassat
  5. Freedim
    Freedim 23 March 2021 09: 17
    -4
    They will go broke on diapers ... And in general, given that 80% of niggas have striped stars in the army, a large contingent in this area can hardly be expected
  6. English tarantas
    English tarantas 23 March 2021 10: 49
    -1
    A funny piece of paper. Especially interesting is the moment that when Russia completely legally expands its holdings in the Arctic due to the trail, and this happens simply because Russia has decided to develop in this direction (it means that there are opportunities), America declares us its rival and enemy in this region, given that we have there are no announced plans or any prerequisites for aggression in this region (since there is no one to fight and nothing for, except for defense from northern Europe). It turns out that this document is just a manifesto of aggressive intentions ...
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 23 March 2021 12: 46
      0
      Quote: English tarantass
      due to the loop

      What, what?
      1. English tarantas
        English tarantas 24 March 2021 21: 46
        +1
        I write from the phone, I'm already tired of fighting with autocorrect, I often edit already written comments, it doesn't help. The shelf, of course. But it turned out funny, hehe ...
  7. AB
    AB 23 March 2021 15: 09
    -1
    Eh, it's time to return to Alaska's home harbor.
  8. Valery Che.
    Valery Che. 10 June 2021 13: 08
    0
    African Americans on skis are the Pentagon's secret weapon