Military Review

Sad feuilleton. Confession of a Western intelligence agent

37
Sad feuilleton. Confession of a Western intelligence agent

Have you ever wondered how people become spies? No, not as cadre intelligence agents or counterintelligence agents, but spies. Why do people so easily betray their homeland, often without even realizing that this is a betrayal?


What is the difference between a scout and a spy, I think everyone understands. A scout is a citizen of the country for which he works. The spy is, in fact, a traitor who works against the country of which he is a citizen. Therefore, the attitude towards these people is completely different. One works for the good of his country, the other damages his country.

Therefore, we see the scouts who failed and received real terms at home after some time. Exchanges, pardons, etc. Simply put, give it to give. You are ours, we are yours ... A common routine situation. Some are looking for other people's secrets, others are looking for them.

For some reason, the Russians are fully confident that betrayal, treason - it was then, during the Great Patriotic War, during the Cold War, while our citizens were somewhere out there, abroad ... Meanwhile, betrayal is an inalienable , alas, part of our life.

Despite the fact that the majority of Russians are fully confident that they will certainly not be interested in other people's special services and will not be recruited. What do I even know so secret that others do not know? Is there a military factory nearby? So any boy will tell you what they are doing there. Military unit? So what? Go to the checkpoint and look at the gates or chevrons of the military ...

I thought for a long time how to tell about how they become traitors. And I decided that it was worth coming up with history betrayal. Somewhat grotesque, playful, but meaningful. So I'll tell you a fairy tale to cheer you up.

Confessions of a secret agent of the Western intelligence service


To the head of the service for catching spies and other enemies
from a resident of the village of Malye Bolshuny Plokhishov M.

Statement

Dear chief of all catchers of foreign spies, I'm sorry I don't know your name and patronymic, but I want to inform you that I am this very spy. True, I found out about this only recently, when, as I was informed from there, I gave out an important military secret. Or the state one, I still do not understand.

Therefore, I ask you to arrest me, interrogate me, tell me what I did blurt out to the enemies, and let me go. Since spring is coming soon and I need to plant vegetables (all kinds of potatoes, beets, onions and other future food) in my own garden. We cannot live without it. Selpo is in a neighboring village, and in winter it is only possible to get there by snowmobile. And only the grandson of Agafya's grandmother has a snowmobile.

Now in order. I am a simple person. He left his Malye Bolshunov only twice in his life. When they were drafted into the army and a couple of years ago, when an army friend wrote a letter and invited him to visit him in Europe. He lives in Estonia and works for us. So he decided to show me his farm.

I will not tell you about the history of the passport. Again Agafya's grandson helped. I ordered everything on the Internet, but I just got this wonderful passport at our passport office. There was no question of money either. I have a large pension. North. And nowhere to spend. So I had enough for round-trip tickets, and the stash was for gifts to a friend.

You know, comrade chief, wonderful people live there, in the border areas. And ours and not ours. Half of those with whom I said goodbye at the border crossing sat with me at the table already in this very Estonia. And how these same Estonians and Russians argued about which country is better. My neck already ached from turning to the next debater.

Such an Estonian takes out his passport and shouts that Estonia is the best. And then he takes out a Russian passport and shouts that he needs this passport in order to receive more salaries in Russia. And from the other end of the table, a Russian is shaking his Russian passport, and the Estonian, blue one, which he also has, he needs in order to go to work in Germany ... Only one thing is that opponents have come together. You need a passport to visit relatives and friends. In short, a circus.

I was asked about what kind of country is their own, so they almost got their face filled. Patriots, however. And I am this dense retrograde, which is stuck in the 19th century. And in general, in the Pechora district of the Pskov region, the passport is not the main thing. They are, like this, mobile. They live in one state, work in another, and go to rest in a third.

I got tired of this policy to the point of hiccups and decided to read the local press. In the sense of reading a newspaper. And what is the most interesting thing in the newspaper, what does the standard of living show? That's right, ads. I read, and there they are invited to work:

“The Department is looking for a well-educated, communicative person for the Intelligence Operations position who understands that life also extends beyond the office and normal working hours. He is expected to enjoy travel and quickly adapt to new cultural spaces and situations. "

That's democracy. Even spies are recruited by ad. Like any diggers or lumberjacks. We, comrade chief, lagged behind these Europeans in matters of recruitment. A flaw is obtained. Well, okay, you are the boss, it's up to you to decide. I even wondered if Agafya's grandson would go to such a job as a sinful thing. Only there was a subscriber - "with knowledge of Russian and English." He will not go, he doesn’t always speak Russian clearly, where he also speaks English ...

And then an Estonian patriot came up to me. The one that yelled the most. He sits down and starts talking about a passport for me.

“We would go now with you from these screamers somewhere to the Netherlands. Look at naked women in shop windows ... "

And what to look at them? I've seen enough in a long life. On all sorts of different.

I had doubts that they would take me and my Small Bolshoi for reconnaissance. And he just says so:

“Firstly, there is a possibility, if you are recommended by some of your acquaintances, and you receive an invitation. Secondly, you can propose your own candidacy. And third, you can respond to a job posting. "

It seems like hints that he can recommend me. But I'm not a bastard either. I can’t, they say, my mind is weak, and this very mobility, especially in winter, I have practically zero. I mean, I can't leave the village on a mission because of the snow. And he tells me further:

“The common feature of our employees is that it must be a thinking person. If you ask what is our main special means, then my answer is thinking. You can't cope without it. "

It seems like he is praising, which means that my great one is for my tenderness. And then it also warns of the dangers of future work:

“We need to come up with different ways to avoid this. But yes, there is always a risk in working abroad. For the country you work for, you are a scout. For the other side, you are a spy that counterintelligence is trying to catch. "

Well, I think we need to kick this recruiter away from us. And he, you bastard, immediately says so directly to me. If you refuse, we will put your friend in jail for espionage, and we will put you on trial as a Russian resident who came to meet with his agent. I got, in short, like chickens in the pluck. And this recruiter is already talking to me directly. Their own people, it seems.

“We are working in one direction - intelligence at the human level. We are trying to get information that is important for the Republic of Estonia from a person. It's like solving a riddle, and the main riddle is the person. First you need to find a person who is a mystery. Then you need to solve it ... Naturally, first of all, they try to understand the traits of a person's character, his needs and possible weaknesses. This is a long process, when someone is trying to recruit and understand what works in the case of a particular person and what does not. All this takes time. It's not as easy as in the movies. "

In short, I, comrade chief, got out of this very Estonia somehow. I decided to forget this incident. He didn’t sign anything, he didn’t tell anything. And what am I going to tell you. I live again in Malye Bolshuny.

And then a letter comes to me from a friend. He talks about his life, about his family, household, the weather, that the recruiter is no longer allowed on the doorstep. This is an ordinary everyday letter. And the question at the end - "How are you doing?"

I had to answer. And what to answer something. I wrote about grandmother Agafya, about my garden, about the weather. And then the neighbor came. He says that polar bears came to a neighboring village, not far from here, about 300 kilometers in total. To rob local trash heaps. Spring, now they have problems with food. They hunt on ice floes. And now the ice is weak, crumbling. So the beasts are prowling through the garbage dumps.

Well, me and this news I wrote to a friend. Polar bears have appeared, they say, out of the blue. Well, I sent a letter to this very Estonia. And from there an angry rebuke from a friend. Like - why are you a bastard betraying such a homeland? Well, everything is in this style. And a clipping from a local newspaper.

“According to Estonian intelligence, the Russians redeployed their modernized strategic bombers north to attack the Baltic countries. These are the famous Tu-95 in the Arctic version. New aviation the unit was named "Polar bears" by analogy with the NATO name Tu-95-Medved. And white because they are stationed in the Arctic Circle. "

Comrade chief, please tell me where to appear for my arrest and, if it doesn't bother you, send some kind of all-terrain vehicle to travel through the tundra. I cannot forgive myself for giving away a state secret. I beg you not to refuse my request.

Respectfully yours, pensioner M. Plokhishov

The tale is a lie, but there is a hint in it. I came up with a hero, I came up with a statement. But there is also a perfect truth in this tale. I'm talking about those quotes, with the exception of the last message about the new aviation unit of strategic bombers of the Russian army.

All quotes are taken from Estonian newspapers. In particular, the conversation with the main character of the recruiter from the Foreign Intelligence Department is excerpts from an interview of the current employee of this department to the correspondent of the Postimees newspaper, which appeared literally a week after the announcement appeared. And the ad itself was published in the EestiEkspress newspaper.

It is clear that Estonia is a small country, and it is more difficult to find people to work in intelligence there than in larger states. And the announcement of the recruitment of scouts is not an Estonian invention. Any state wants to know more about "partners" than open sources say. But I'm talking about something else today. I mean those who choose the path of a spy, the path of the enemy of Russia.

The press flashed a message about the entry into force of the verdict against the resident of Pechora, the Estonian spy Sergei Lykhmus. Like the residents of the border regions described in the "statement", he had dual citizenship. For promises of career growth, monetary rewards, an apartment and a good life in Estonia, I went to cooperate with the Estonian special services.

By the way, a person is not at all like "Comrade Plokhishov". Lawyer, has a higher education, but at the same time failed to find his place in life. He worked at a local sawmill, as a security guard at a gas station in St. Petersburg, but not a day in his specialty.

Let me remind you that under the article for espionage, Lykhmus was threatened with 20 years. However, after a year and a half of investigation, Sergey Lykhmus received on January 29 this year, by the verdict of the Pskov Regional Court, 7 years in a strict regime colony. Hence, it can be assumed that during the investigation he actively collaborated with the Russian special services.

I am always amazed by the fact that some of our citizens do not even understand simple, elementary truths. “What can some kind of 'microbial' Estonia do to us? And even the thought does not arise that Estonian intelligence is part of the global intelligence of the West, part of NATO intelligence. Part of a larger system.

One more thing. About how the specialists treat the failed agents. I remember how six years ago, in September 2014, in the same Pechora region, Estonian Security Police officer Eston Kohver was caught. Then the same Pskov court sentenced him for espionage to 15 years in a strict regime. But then the scout served only a few months. After that, by agreement between the special services of Russia and Estonia, the failed agent was exchanged and today again works in intelligence.

Nobody stood up for the spy Lykhmus. And according to my information, there are no negotiations on it. He is not interesting to anyone. The Moor did his job ... I do not know where Sergei Lykhmus will serve his 7 years of strict strictness, but I know that he will definitely spend these seven years in remote, cold and not very comfortable places. Was it worth it? Is this the normal price for betrayal? From a person to become a creature despised by all ...
Author:
37 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Alien From
    Alien From 22 March 2021 10: 12
    +5
    The tale is a lie, but there is a hint in it .......
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 22 March 2021 10: 28
      +34
      I think that any information does not need to be collected bit by bit, then analyzed, systematized. And you just go to Nice on Friday, take the wife of a minister or his deputy into circulation, they say, we arrest the accounts, we take away the real estate, we check the legality of funds for the palace and the yacht! And voila, on Saturday evening, any infa will already be on the table at the one who needs it.
      That’s the end of the tale.
      1. Basil50
        Basil50 22 March 2021 10: 50
        +5
        sling cutter
        It's not that simple. Besides analysis and blackmail, there are ways to get information. But you are right that the author treated this undoubtedly important component of any state * mimically *, simply repeating * public opinion *.
        As a basis, we should understand, albeit on the basis of * literature * - spies are those who work for our enemy, all who help US are scouts.
        In Europe, intelligence is confused with intrigue (as well as politics), and state terror is taken as the basis of politics, both foreign and domestic. However, in Europe, led by America, in addition to intrigue and terror, they openly and not at all hesitate to lie, not at all embarrassed that lies are quickly exposed. It even takes a turn for the worse when presidents and ministers lie, and they know that this lies will be replicated, exposed, but still they lie, undermining confidence in their own state.
        1. evgen1221
          evgen1221 22 March 2021 17: 07
          +1
          Probably they lie so unpretentiously, because with a well-fed life, the plebs are generally purple about who and what floods from the podium. But when this plebs is not happy, then inevitably he listens to the words of politicians, what they promise, how and when.
      2. Civil
        Civil 22 March 2021 11: 06
        +15
        Oh well, why all these equivocations:
        1. Who is against United Russia - potential traitors.
        2. All who are against the Government are real foreign agents and the 5th column.
        3. All who are against raising taxes and the retirement age are enemy spies, since it is from taxes and savings on pensioners that the shield of the Motherland is forged.

        Anyone who does not understand an important point for the country and minus - must immediately register as a foreign agent, an individual.
        1. Freeman
          Freeman 22 March 2021 15: 05
          +3
          Quote: Civil
          Oh well, why all these equivocations
          ....................
          Anyone who does not understand an important point for the country ... - must immediately register as a foreign agent, an individual.


          Tuta look wider and dig a lump. wassat

        2. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 22 March 2021 21: 40
          +1
          The author initially gave the wrong definition of "spy" and "scout". True, he presented it as an axiom.
          Well, you don't have to read further ...
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 22 March 2021 10: 18
    +5
    playful, but meaningful
  3. Free wind
    Free wind 22 March 2021 10: 20
    0
    They write everywhere that the Russian-language press is prohibited in the Baltics. That is, people from the "red bast shoe" collective farm, from the central estate in the "novoyedunova" village, reads in Estonian. From a dozen newspapers read, you need to read a note about hiring spies, the language and you need to read very well.
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 22 March 2021 10: 22
    0
    He is not interesting to anyone.

    A trifle, incidental damage ... intelligence services have more cunning methods.
  5. matross
    matross 22 March 2021 10: 25
    +2
    I really respect the author hi
    But this is a real brain explosion wassat Alexander, slow down ...
  6. knn54
    knn54 22 March 2021 10: 30
    +6
    In the days of Yushchenko, the diplomas of the graduates of the SBU school (the former KGB school) were presented by the US Ambassador. There are no analogues in the world.
    Well, what is the status of these officers?
  7. Alex66
    Alex66 22 March 2021 10: 31
    +7
    Finely digging the article, but it should be deeper, for those who know more, who often travels abroad, has constant contacts abroad and has access to state secrets. Here is a resident of Malye Bolshunov worried about his oversight, and why the carriers of state secrets, on which Western partners do not have weak leverage, are not worried: real estate, families, other assets. Plus citizenship or a residence permit, and some have sworn allegiance to other countries that are not even friendly. What five is from the tail, not from the head.
    1. depressant
      depressant 22 March 2021 12: 34
      +8
      What five is from the tail, not from the head.

      And the Author cannot cross the border beyond which he himself not only turns out to be a spy, but also accused of treason and of insulting various large and small majesties, as well as citing prohibited sources. Dear Author believes that we will do it. After all, the Internet provides such ample opportunities for this. But I won't buy the offer. Honestly, I'm tired of all this shit. There are relevant government agencies, so let them deal with it. And if they don’t want to, then practice shows, no matter how much I shout “Do your business!”, They will not do it.
    2. evgen1221
      evgen1221 22 March 2021 17: 09
      +1
      And why do they not worry, because the same people sit in the higher-ranking posts, and everything5 is decided by the amount of input.
  8. CommanderDIVA
    CommanderDIVA 22 March 2021 10: 33
    +10
    A confused article, I will make adjustments, article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is treason committed by a citizen of the Russian Federation in favor of another state, article 276 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is espionage in favor of another country committed by a foreigner or a stateless person, respectively, among the common people, representatives of the first article are called traitors, according to the second spies
    1. depressant
      depressant 22 March 2021 15: 24
      +4
      or a stateless person

      And that is why the unfortunate stateless persons, after many and unsuccessful attempts to obtain it, will not approach the Ministry of Internal Affairs even for a kilometer. For they will immediately be tied up, both articles will be glued - both article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and article 276 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and in addition, law enforcement officers will heap all their jambs and hangings on the unfortunate in order to improve statistics, as well as fines in the amount of the cost of Abramovich's new yacht. And after all, how many such poor fellows were imprisoned without trial and investigation even in the pre-coronavirus era! About two years ago I read an article and wondered: is it really possible that a decent Russian person, given our weakening demography, is superfluous in Russia? And now? With the current demographic collapse?
      But no, you have to catch spies! The era of disregard for man turned into spy mania. The main problem of the country is spies! It’s as if the doctors were very concerned about head lice in a cancer patient and with great zeal began to catch lice in the frail growth of his hair with tweezers. Putting aside important analyzes - CT, MRI, and others.
      It turns out that an honest, patriotic citizen is a person who has not yet been examined by the FSB.
  9. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 22 March 2021 10: 38
    +4
    I do not know where Sergei Lykhmus will serve his 7 years of strict strictness, but I know that he will definitely spend these seven years in remote, cold and not very comfortable places.

    Perhaps in the Pechersk region, at a sawmill.
    Maybe even on the one where he worked as a watchman.
    They will only dress him, feed him, and guard him.
  10. Avior
    Avior 22 March 2021 10: 39
    +6
    The author is an idealist, however.
    In life, spies become even easier, with a stroke of the pen.
    The FSB has completed its investigation of the treason case against a resident of Kaliningrad Antonina Zimina and her husband Konstantin Antonets. They are accused of disclosing the identity of an active FSB officer to the Latvian special services. According to Zimina's father, the operative in question is a university acquaintance of his daughter, who was at her wedding. Zimin told Kommersant that he drank, talked about work and took pictures with other guests of the wedding. These photos, which later appeared on social networks and on television, became the reason for a criminal case. The FSB officer himself does not pass him even as a witness.

    Nobody says that real spies are fiction. They are reality. But in a specific case, anything can be.: (((
  11. ee2100
    ee2100 22 March 2021 11: 41
    +4
    The author writes, as always, half-truths. Estonian intelligence officer Eston Kohver was exchanged for a former officer of the Estonian Security Police, Alexei Dressen.
    According to the prosecution, Alexey Dressen passed on classified information to the FSB of Russia, while Dressen received instructions from the FSB department dealing with counterintelligence operations. It has been established that A. Dressen has been doing this for several years.
    A question to the author, who is Alexey Dressen a spy or a scout?
    The operation to entice and detain Kohver is also not described.
    Lured to the territory of the Russian Federation and detained for illegal border crossing. During the search, a significant amount of money and weapons were found at Kohver.
    Elementary two-way.
    As Stroporez wrote above
    "And you just go to Nice on Friday, take the wife of a minister or his deputy into circulation, they say, we arrest the accounts, we take the property, we check the legality of funds for the palace and the yacht! And voila, on Saturday evening, any info will be on table at the one who needs it. "(c)
    Well, the main character of the article, Sergei Lykhmus, is not even a coin placement, but inevitable side effects in the intelligence game.
    1. domokl
      22 March 2021 11: 45
      0
      Is there a feuilleton about that? You are a strange man. A conversation about, more precisely, about those who betray their country, and not about the relationship of the special services
      1. ee2100
        ee2100 22 March 2021 11: 55
        +4
        Okay, and who is Dressen?
  12. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 22 March 2021 12: 20
    -1
    And I like more about a Negro spy knocking on Moscow apartments with a password: Are they sent to the moon here? They won't let the VO go further. Here you have to start with yourself so that the FSB has less work. But the Americans missed the breakthrough in rocketry and only there. everything is so bad.
  13. Undecim
    Undecim 22 March 2021 12: 38
    +9
    What is the difference between a scout and a spy, I think everyone understands. A scout is a citizen of the country for which he works. The spy is, in fact, a traitor who works against the country of which he is a citizen. Therefore, the attitude towards these people is completely different. One works for the good of his country, the other damages his country.
    Definitions of spy and espionage have long existed in international law and Russian criminal law.
    The author has another agitprop, not connected with reality.
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 22 March 2021 22: 09
      0
      Quote: Undecim
      The author has another agitprop, not connected with reality.

      Yeah, he's confusing cadre intelligence officers. services with recruited informants.
  14. Avior
    Avior 22 March 2021 13: 02
    +2
    The official definition of a spy is in the Hague Convention, which is binding on all parties, but it concerns military operations.
    I do not know if there are other official documents in this regard.
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 22 March 2021 22: 08
      -2
      Quote: Avior
      The official definition of a spy is in the Hague Convention, which is binding on all parties, but it concerns military operations.
      I do not know if there are other official documents in this regard.

      Well, for example, attachés, in particular the military. It is precisely that intelligence officers who simply conduct their intelligence activities legally, without violating the legislation of the receiving party.
  15. alekSASHKA-36
    alekSASHKA-36 22 March 2021 13: 29
    +2
    There is no waste in reconnaissance, there is personnel!
  16. Virus-free crown
    Virus-free crown 22 March 2021 15: 07
    +3
    My comment in the style of an article - the same humorous laughing wassat

    Now, if I here on the pages of VO describe how on REALLY the life of an ordinary Russian goes on - am I already a spy or not yet ?! repeat And then SUDDENLY no one knows - and I'm here "the truth-womb" "the mountain" give out "))))))
    1. Avior
      Avior 22 March 2021 17: 42
      +4
      In every joke there is a share of jokes.
      If anything that you wrote falls into the opinion of someone under the concept of a secret - state, official or something else, and they conduct an examination and it will confirm it - your house is a prison, even if you did not even give any receipts and this secret is in the service no one told you.
      The case of a boy who saw information in unclassified communication that he used in a dispute on a forum on the network is known to many.
      The plant did not consider the information secret, and the first examination did not think so, but the second was carried out and it determined that it was secret information. The kid got a term.
      There is no guarantee that any of what you write is not recognized as a secret.
  17. Grognag
    Grognag 22 March 2021 20: 52
    +1
    There is a clear definition that a scout is the one who collects information on the enemy's territory in the uniform of his army, all the rest, alas, are spies, and what does the citizenship of this or that country have to do with it?
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 22 March 2021 22: 15
      -2
      Quote: Grognag
      There is a clear definition that a scout is the one who collects information on the enemy's territory in the uniform of his army, all the rest, alas, are spies, and what does the citizenship of this or that country have to do with it?

      A matter of habit and psychology is simple. Nobody (except ill-wishers) calls regular intelligence officers spies (be it the SVR, BND or CIA), although they are engaged in illegal activities in their host countries.
    2. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 23 March 2021 01: 15
      0
      Not quite so, you mean military (army) intelligence subordinate to the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense. But, it is divided into tactical, operational and strategic. Tactical and operational reconnaissance is, in the understanding of civilian reconnaissance units and DRGs, operating on the front line and behind enemy lines, can use the enemy's military uniform. Strategic intelligence is carried out illegally, on the basis of legend and cover documents (a citizen's passport is a military certificate of an enemy country). Professional intelligence officers can be infiltrated into the command of large military units, headquarters, etc.
      In addition, regular officers of the SVR and the FSB collect intelligence. data in an illegal way on the territories of other states.
      The grounds for recruiting an agent (informant) are the same:
      - compromising evidence;
      - personal, material interest;
      - ideological considerations.
      1. Grognag
        Grognag 23 March 2021 15: 18
        +1
        Of course they can, but all illegal immigrants are spies, it's like Lukyanenko's. "They are not good and not bad, they are different" and that's all and there is nothing to come up with, and of course we call them all scouts
  18. Okay
    Okay 22 March 2021 22: 21
    +2
    What the hell am I reading now ???
  19. Normal ok
    Normal ok 23 March 2021 01: 31
    +2
    What is the difference between a scout and a spy, I think everyone understands. A scout is a citizen of the country for which he works. The spy is, in fact, a traitor who works against the country of which he is a citizen.


    In short, in the old days there was a difference in the Russian language:
    A scout is one who monitors the enemy from the outside.
    A scout is one who penetrates the enemy's camp.
    There is also such a difference in English:
    Scout (scout) - the one who monitors the enemy from the outside.
    Spy (spy) - one who penetrates into the enemy's camp.
    Later, the concepts got confused. And for the ideological purposes of their own (i.e. good) they began to call the Russian word intelligence. And strangers (bad) - the English word "spy".
    The author uses an ideological cliche here.
  20. Nazar
    Nazar 28 March 2021 17: 16
    +1
    A quote from the beginning of the article: "Why do people so easily betray their homeland, often without even realizing that this is a betrayal?" And when a communist hides his party card under the mattress and frenziedly rushes to fight communism, is this a betrayal, or what?
    So, if both are still treachery, then why be surprised at the behavior of ordinary people, when we have a former KGB officer at the head of the country, who took the oath, but at the right moment quickly jumped into the opposite trench, he is also a former communist, smartly repainted in the "liberal", well, "as is the priest, so is the parish." So it turns out that according to the current "concepts" - to betray, it is not "to betray" at all, but "to foresee" negative