Military Review

Bomb for the emperor

159
Bomb for the emperor
Tsar Alexander II


The Russian Emperor Alexander II the Liberator was killed 140 years ago. The sovereign was killed in a terrorist attack carried out by several members of the Narodnaya Volya organization in St. Petersburg.

This was far from the first attempt on the life of a reformer tsar.

Interestingly, with his reforms, Alexander significantly liberalized the country and society. Before his death, he worked on a new reform involving the introduction of a parliamentary system (the so-called Loris-Melikov Constitution). That is, in theory, various liberals, revolutionaries, "fighters for the people's happiness" should have expressed gratitude to him, supported his progressive undertakings.

However, the opposite was true. The more freedom there is, the more hatred for the sovereign. Under Alexander II, a real terrorist underground appeared in Russia, the "fifth column" aimed at revolution. The emperor could, at the very first assassination attempts, crush the entire underground and restore order. But he didn't. And he paid dearly. Softness and "reformism" do not lead to good. Tom in stories examples are countless.

Oh, you are heavy, Monomakh's hat


Alexander Nikolaevich accepted Russia at a difficult time.

Tsar Nicholas I passed away prematurely. Alexander had to end the Crimean War by agreeing to some concessions. The "world community" led by Britain and France was unable to implement large-scale plans to dismember and weaken the Russian Empire, pushing the Russians out of the Black and Baltic Seas.

Black Sea fleet had to be sacrificed, but Crimea and Sevastopol remained Russian. And the fleet slowly began to revive, already armored on steam engine traction.

They carried out a military reform, eliminated the outdated system of military settlements and recruitment, switched to general conscription and re-equipped the army. A network of military and cadet schools was created, where representatives of all classes were accepted.

We modernized the military command and control system and created military districts.

Under Alexander II, the process of the annexation of Turkestan (Central Asia) to Russia will be completed, which was a strategically correct step.

On the other hand, the Westernizers will push the idea of ​​selling Russian America. As the future will show, this was a crime against the Russian people, a major strategic miscalculation. On the contrary, it was necessary to speed up the development of the Far East and Russian America.

Serfdom was abolished, however, the land reform was half-hearted.

We modernized the financial system, carried out reforms in education and city government, as well as zemstvo and judicial reforms.

These transformations led to the development of capitalism in Russia, developed civil society and the rule of law, but were half-hearted.

They also planned a reform of the autocracy, limiting the power of the tsar in favor of representative bodies. This reform was not carried out due to the assassination of the king.

Alexander III "froze" Russia, postponing the further decay and fall of the empire. As a result, the old problems under Alexander the Liberator were not solved. And led to the emergence of new ones. Which ultimately became the prerequisite for the catastrophe of 1917.

A radical modernization of Russia was necessary. But on the whole, the pro-Western course (the development of capitalism, liberal rights and freedoms, parliamentarism) only worsened the situation and accelerated the collapse of the Romanov empire.


V. Lebedev. Shot by Karakozov. 1866 g.

Attempts to assassinate the reformer tsar


Broad reforms led to the destabilization of the system that had been created earlier.

The era of "liberation" was characterized by the growth of public discontent. There was a sharp increase in the number of peasant uprisings. The peasants believed that this was only the beginning of the reform, the tsar-father would give them land. But the main benefits from the reform were received by large landowners, capitalists, who provided free labor.

Many protest groups arose among the intelligentsia, commoners and workers. The powerful liberal intelligentsia that flourished in the Russian Empire, at the same time, hated the tsarist regime.

A real revolutionary, terrorist underground. The revolutionaries believed that the assassination of the tsar would trigger a large-scale uprising, a revolution, which would lead to new social transformations.

On April 4, 1866, the revolutionary terrorist Dmitry Karakozov (a native of the small local nobility) in St. Petersburg at the gates of the Summer Garden, where after a walk the emperor went to his carriage, tried to kill Alexander.

The bullet flew over his head. Karakozov stood in the crowd and shot almost at point blank range. The tsar could have died, but the master Osip Komissarov, who was standing next to the terrorist of nodding affairs, struck the killer's hand. People have twisted the enemy.

When Karakozov was brought to Alexander, he asked if he was Russian. Dmitry answered in the affirmative. Then he said:

"Your Majesty, you have offended the peasants."

Karakozov was sentenced to death by hanging.

It should be noted that at this time the Russian sovereigns freely walked in parks and along the streets. They did not have any special precautions and serious protection. It was believed that they are not required. The people as a whole treated the kings with deep respect and love.
In May 1867, Alexander II arrived in France on a visit. On May 25 in Paris, after a military review at the exit from the Lopshan hippodrome, the Polish nationalist and terrorist Anton Berezovsky (nobleman by birth) shot twice at the Russian sovereign.

The bullets hit the horse. One of the French officers managed to push Berezovsky's hand. The jury sentenced the terrorist to life in prison in New Caledonia. Subsequently, it was replaced with a link. And 40 years later, in 1906, he was amnestied.

On April 2, 1879, the revolutionary populist (society "Land and Freedom") Alexander Solovyov fired five times from a revolver at the king, who was walking near the Winter Palace. The sovereign, apparently, guessed that this was an attempt on his life, and dodged aside. And the shooter was bad. Alexander was lucky once again. Solovyov was sentenced to be hanged.

Unfortunately, the Russian emperor did not perceive these assassination attempts (clear signs from above) as a need to adjust his policy and strengthen security measures.


An attempt on the life of the emperor and his family in the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg in 1880

The Hunt for the Sovereign


In the summer of 1879, People's Will broke away from the "Land and Freedom", the main goal of which was the elimination of the tsar. The members of the organization decided to blow up the train in which the royal family was returning from vacation in the Crimea. There were three groups.

The first, under Frolenko's command, was being prepared near Odessa. But the undermining was not carried out. The mine was laid. However, the tsarist train changed its route and went through Aleksandrovsk.

A second group headed by Zhelyabov operated in Aleksandrovsk. The bomb was planted. On November 18, 1879, the train passed, the mine did not explode due to a malfunction.

The third group, led by Sophia Perovskaya, planted an explosive device near Moscow. The king was saved by another lucky accident. The terrorists knew that the first was the train with the luggage, the second was the tsar. But in Kharkov, one of the steam locomotives of the first train broke down. And the first to go was the tsarist echelon. The conspirators missed the first train and detonated a bomb when the second with the property was walking. There were no human casualties.

Alexander Nikolaevich was greatly annoyed and said:

“What do they have against me, these unfortunate ones?

Why are they following me like a wild beast? "

However, no extraordinary measures were taken to defeat the terrorist underground. As well as measures to strengthen the protection of the sovereign.

On February 5, 1880, a terrible explosion occurred in the Winter Palace. The operation was led by Stepan Khalturin. During the renovation of the basement of the palace, the terrorists were able to plant explosives right under the royal dining room. Dynamite bags were disguised as building materials.

On the 5th, a gala dinner was planned in the palace, at which the entire royal family was to be present. The explosion was scheduled for 18:20, when the sovereign was supposed to be in the dining room. But the conspirators were prevented by another accident.

One of the members of the imperial family was late, dinner was delayed by half an hour. When a strong explosion thundered, Alexander Nikolaevich was at the security room, near the dining room. The Prince of Hesse recalled:

"The floor rose as if under the influence of an earthquake, the gas in the gallery went out, it was completely dark, and an intolerable smell of gunpowder or dynamite spread in the air."

None of the members of the royal family was hurt. 11 soldiers of the Finnish Guards Regiment were killed (they were guarding the palace). Another 56 people were injured.

People's Will began to prepare the next assassination attempt. Sovereign Alexander began to leave the palace less often, but he regularly went to change the guard in the Mikhailovsky Manege. This is what the terrorists decided to take advantage of. There were two possible routes for the king: along the embankment of the Catherine Canal or along Nevsky Prospect and Malaya Sadovaya.

First, they wanted to blow up the Stone Bridge, across the Catherine Canal. Demolitions, led by M. Kibalchich, examined the bridge, calculated the amount of explosives. However, in the end, this plan was abandoned, there was no complete guarantee of success. Then they decided to plant a bomb on the road to Sadovaya. If the mine does not work, or the tsar survives the explosion, there was a plan "B" - several terrorists with bombs who were on the street. Zhelyabov was ready to finish off the sovereign in the carriage with a dagger.

People's will rented a basement on Malaya Sadovaya, opened a "cheese shop". From the basement they dug into the street in order to lay a mine there, which was made by Kibalchich. The case almost fell through. The "cheese shop", which had no visitors, aroused the suspicion of a neighbor's janitor. He reported to the police. The check that came up did not find anything suspicious. But this situation caused concern among the conspirators. In addition, the police arrested one of the leaders of Narodnaya Volya, Aleksandr Mikhailov. And before the operation itself (at the end of February 1881) - Andrei Zhelyabov.

The terrorists decided to act immediately.

On March 1 (14), 1881, Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich left the Winter Palace for the Manezh. He was accompanied by several policemen and security Cossacks. After the divorce of the guards and tea from his cousin, the sovereign went back through the Catherine Canal. As a result, the mine on Sadovaya became useless.

Perovskaya, who led the conspiracy after Zhelyabov's arrest, changed the plan. Four revolutionaries (Grinevitsky, Rysakov, Emelyanov and Mikhailov) took up positions along the embankment of the canal and waited for a signal from Perovskaya (wave of the headscarf). On it, they had to throw bombs into the royal carriage.

At three o'clock the royal cortege drove onto the embankment. Wave of the handkerchief. Rysakov throws a bomb. Explosion.

Three people were fatally injured and several others were injured. The carriage is damaged, but survived. The king was not hurt. The entourage convinces Alexander to leave the dangerous place.

He makes the last mistake, considers it his duty to look at the wounded and say a few words to them. He also wanted to see a terrorist. At this time, Grinevitsky throws a second bomb.

The explosion shattered the king's legs. He whispered:

"Take me to the palace ... There I want to die ...".

At 15:35 the people were notified of the death of Alexander the Liberator.

A total of 20 people were injured as a result of two explosions. Grinevitsky received mortal wounds and died on the same day.

Perovskaya police caught. On April 3, 1881, Perovskaya, Zhelyabov, Kibalchich, T. Mikhailov and Rysakov were hanged.

The new Tsar Alexander Alexandrovich was not almond-shaped. The terrorist underground was exposed and defeated. Liberal reforms were curtailed. The empire lived another generation in peace and security.

At the same time, Russia became more and more powerful economically and militarily.


Chapel at the site of the death of the emperor
Author:
159 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 15 March 2021 05: 04
    +8
    The reforms had to be carried out after the events of 1825, and they all relied on the autocracy and slavery.
    1. Profiler
      Profiler 15 March 2021 05: 17
      +3
      Quote: Pessimist22
      The reforms had to be carried out after the events of 1825, and they all relied on the autocracy and slavery.

      It is easy to say - "it was necessary" ...
      This is the same as we are now trying to reform the state, running into the resistance of the newly-minted nobles and landowners - an oligarchy.
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 15 March 2021 05: 27
        -4
        According to you, we need to sit on the priest straight and watch what happens?
        1. Profiler
          Profiler 15 March 2021 05: 33
          +8
          Quote: Pessimist22
          According to you, we need to sit on the priest straight and watch what happens?

          "According to my words," I just drew a parallel analogy - "then - today". No more, without appeals and declarations No.

          About ass , you invented.

          And besides, what then, what now, in the beginning you need to think it over and weigh everything well before starting to fidget on the priest.
          Otherwise, "from a big mind", you can mess up oh-oh-oh ...
          1. Proxima
            Proxima 15 March 2021 12: 18
            +6
            It turns out that the "absolute monarch" fell between a rock and a hard place, on the one hand, he is the spokesman for the interests of the ruling class, and therefore carried out the reform of the abolition of serfdom so monstrously. On the other hand, he remembers the fate of his grandfather Paul the First, who said: "Man is the first treasure of the state," "saving the state is saving people," its current changes ”. Well, Paul also published the law "On the three-day corvee", the first law that really restricts serfdom. What happened to Paul next - everyone knows. Alexander chose a different path, he carried out a reform in the interests of the nobility, but the truth fell under the mortal blow of the spokesmen for the interests of the common people ..
        2. Petrik66
          Petrik66 16 March 2021 16: 07
          -1
          no, we must fight. let me know your program, it is especially interesting how the issues of economic development of russia will be resolved.
      2. Intruder
        Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 09
        0
        bumping into the resistance of the newly-minted nobles and landowners - an oligarchy.
        to a heap, and also to the alternatively-minded mass of the population, with "plastic cups" !?
        1. Profiler
          Profiler 15 March 2021 06: 30
          +4
          Quote: Intruder
          to a heap, and also to the alternatively-minded mass of the population, with "plastic cups" !?

          I, you know ... Somehow a psychologist, and as a specialist I can declare that someone who is already unable to restrain himself and not throw a "glass", tomorrow, with some "pumping", will throw a bomb ...

          Spontaneously, "Masses"= crowd = mass hysteria ...
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 38
            0
            tomorrow, with some "pumping", he will throw a bomb ...
            for sure, this happens, but there are always effective means to avoid this: culture / upbringing / education / economy, then there will be no desire to throw, or they are strongly limited by other concerns in the social life of society!
            1. Profiler
              Profiler 15 March 2021 06: 48
              +6
              Quote: Intruder
              there are always effective means to avoid this: culture / upbringing / education / economy, then there will be no desire to throw, or they are strongly limited by other concerns in the social life of society


              Much has been said about "Western values", and this is how such "effective means" work with them.

              "Victim of RYZHYM" who escaped to the Czech Republic:



              Suppression of anti-coronavirus protests in The Hague (complain to The Hague, to the Human Rights Court)



              1. Intruder
                Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 54
                +2
                Suppression of anti-coronavirus protests in The Hague
                we urgently need to provide them with supplies - plastic cups, by high-altitude landing of cargo platforms !!! laughing wink you can bring snowballs to the heap to The Hague to provide "cold means" for the protest of the local population ...
              2. Lech from Android.
                Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 55
                +2
                The pictures are cool ... so just imagine if the authorities or protesters adopt the methods of terror ... what will this result in then?
                It's good that the showdown is still going on this way ... by massacre, water cannons and fines, and if grenades, IEDs, machine guns and machine guns are used ... and there are enough underground weapons, but if unknown snipers appear there?
                1. Profiler
                  Profiler 15 March 2021 07: 01
                  +1
                  Quote: Lech from Android.
                  there are enough underground weapons

                  Unfortunately, our illegal arms and explosives market is several times larger than the Dutch market, and in terms of relative volumes it is inferior only to the Ukrainian one.
                  And the fact that this weapon has not yet spilled into our streets is just a miracle ...
          2. Astra wild2
            Astra wild2 15 March 2021 15: 30
            +1
            "throws a bomb" and what's good about that?
          3. bk0010
            bk0010 15 March 2021 20: 54
            -3
            Quote: Profiler
            that the one who is already unable to restrain himself and does not throw a "glass", tomorrow, with some "pumping", will throw a bomb ...
            If they are given a prison sentence for a glass, then it is clear that they will throw bombs (since they will still be in prison). Only our deputies and officials do not understand this. And it will end precisely with the fact that they will be exterminated, as the People's Will never dreamed of. The main thing is that they do not blow up my family and me with them.
    2. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 15 March 2021 05: 32
      +8
      Quote: Pessimist22
      Reforms had to be carried out after the events of 1825

      Yes, after 1812 there was a knock, but no, "... the Russian peasant is a small child and without fatherly supervision is economically ineffective! ..". (sarcasm)
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 15 March 2021 05: 38
        +3
        It was just that it was profitable for the Russian nobility to keep slaves.
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 15 March 2021 05: 43
          +1
          Quote: Pessimist22
          It was just that the Russian nobility was profitable

          Yes, until they poked their noses from Europe in 1854 with the help of the Crimean War, they would not itch for a long time.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 14
            +5
            Yes, until they poked their noses from Europe in 1854 with the help of the Crimean War, they would not itch for a long time.
            they stumbled so that they were almost left without a fleet in the Black Sea, and without a hammer, without much understanding of the prices of land and the deposits of gold, copper and silver in those territories, almost for nothing, they lost to Russian California, and there are only 16 coastal fortifications with fortification was on the coast, right up to the Gulf of Mexico, they are still found on American stamps ...
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 15 March 2021 10: 10
              -1
              Quote: Intruder
              Bye bye from Europe in 1854 they did not poke their noses with the help of the Crimean War, would not itch for a long time.
              by-stuck so that they were almost left without a fleet in the Black Sea, and without a hammer, not knowing much about the prices of land and the deposits of gold, copper and silver in those territories, almost for nothing, they ceded Russian California,

              yeah, only the most famous Fort Ross in California was sold ... long BEFORE the Crimean War.

              And tell me, by the way, how much pcs Russians were there to keep the whole California (I note that there were no Russian women at all, and the men worked under contract). And what about these pieces there were chances to keep her from the pressure of the massive Anglo-Saxon resettlement there.

              It's good that they managed to sell: the states took California from the Spaniards just for nothing.

              Author:
              On the other hand, the Westernizers will push the idea of ​​selling Russian America. As the future will show, this was a crime against the Russian people, a major strategic miscalculation. On the contrary, it was necessary to speed up the development of the Far East and Russian America.
              As the future will show, the decision to concentrate the available absolutely small forces and resources on the development of the Far East was absolutely correct. Otherwise, they would not have kept not only Alaska, but also the Far East, which became Russian only in 1860 and which the Japanese, Chinese and British were coveting.
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 15 March 2021 12: 44
                -1
                yeah, only the most famous Fort Ross in California was sold ... long BEFORE the Crimean War.

                What !?
                In 1812, a new Russian colony appeared in California, which was located 8 km from San Francisco. If we talk about the ownership of the land on which Fort Ross was erected, then formally it was Spanish, but was at the complete disposal of the Indian tribes, from whom it was bought for just three pairs of pants, the same amount of blankets, two axes and several strings of beads. Note that the initiator of the founding of the fortified settlement was the Russian-American company. In the spring of 1812 the Fort was laid, but soon a war with the French began, so resources, both material and human, were very limited. Therefore, the first population of the new colony was only 115 people, including 25 Russian colonists and 90 Aleuts, the population who came from Alaska. This was the first settlement in California, where it was thanks to the Russians that orchards and vineyards were erected.
                In addition, there was a shipyard, a small port, a huge mill, and three large ranches nearby.
                As a result, the settlers provided Alaska with food and furs, the Spaniards bought light ships from them. Gradually, the settlers' possessions increased and came close to the borders of Mexico.
                In March 1839, the board of the Russian-American Company petitioned the Russian government to abolish Fortress Ross, arguing that the maintenance costs were not covered by income. Even the corresponding figures were given. However, if we talk about the unprofitability of Ross, then yes, the amount of fur production in it has fallen sharply, but animal husbandry and crop production have developed quite well. But for some reason this is not displayed in the main report. Accordingly, in April it was decided to disband the fortress. And so, Ross became unnecessary. His land was sold to the American landowner John Sutter for almost 42 thousand rubles. silver.
                It's just about the first colony with a fort ...
                PS
                But there are deeper factors that are attributed to geopolitics. The whole point is that during the entire existence of Ross, the authorities have not yet decided on the legality of his territories. At first, the Spaniards, on whose lands the fortress was founded, belonged to them, adhered to neutrality, but over time they became insistent in their requests to eliminate Ross.
                1. Olgovich
                  Olgovich 15 March 2021 13: 04
                  -3
                  Quote: Intruder
                  yeah, only the most famous Fort Ross in California was sold ... long BEFORE the Crimean War.

                  What !?

                  Togo: the fort was sold in 1841, and the Crimean War was in 1854 and it could not influence back.

                  Since 1848, California has already been a state of the United States, rapidly inhabited by immigrants and Russia has no chance to stay there.

                  It's good that we managed to sell, and not give away for nothing.
        2. apro
          apro 15 March 2021 05: 44
          +4
          Quote: Pessimist22
          It was just that it was profitable for the Russian nobility to keep slaves.

          You shouldn’t have said that. Connoisseurs of the brilliant empire will come and prove that you’re wrong. The Russian nobility loved their wards. Only occasionally scolded. And again loving.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 22
            +4
            the Russian nobility loved their wards
            well, the dynastic ones may have loved a small part, but those who acquired it for commercial merits, or by marriage with poor clans, just like now the oligarchy, modern to itself, buys all sorts of titles and orders from modern "kings", they only used ... wink lol
          2. bober1982
            bober1982 15 March 2021 07: 41
            +1
            Quote: apro
            You shouldn’t have said that. Connoisseurs of the brilliant empire will come and prove that you’re wrong. The Russian nobility loved their wards. Only occasionally scolded. And again loving.

            According to one Russian terrorist - we were bars, folk lovers from the nobility.
            And, here is how one of the inspirers of the murder of Alexander II, the liberal thinker L. Tikhomirov, expressed himself in his declining years, in emigration - our ideals, liberal, radical, socialist, are the greatest insanity, a terrible lie, and, moreover, a stupid lie.
            1. apro
              apro 15 March 2021 07: 47
              +4
              Quote: bober1982
              And, here's how he spoke in his declining years, in exile, one of the inspirers of the murder of Alexander II

              Of course, what else can be said. They wanted a bourgeois republic, but it turned out to be the USSR.
              1. bober1982
                bober1982 15 March 2021 07: 56
                -2
                Quote: apro
                wanted a bourgeois republic.

                Tikhomirov returned to Russia and called on his former party members and terrorists to be not against the state, but together with the state.
                1. apro
                  apro 15 March 2021 07: 58
                  +2
                  Quote: bober1982
                  Quote: apro
                  wanted a bourgeois republic.

                  Tikhomirov returned to Russia and called on his former party members and terrorists to be not against the state, but together with the state.

                  Pereobulsya. Happens.
                  With the state that expresses its interests ???
                  1. bober1982
                    bober1982 15 March 2021 08: 01
                    -1
                    Quote: apro
                    Pereobulsya. Happens.

                    I agree
            2. Olgovich
              Olgovich 15 March 2021 10: 25
              -4
              Quote: bober1982
              L. Tikhomirov - our ideals, liberal, radical, socialist, are the greatest insanity, a terrible lie, and, moreover, a stupid lie.

              In 1933, the Resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR was issued:
              The Council of People's Commissars of the USSR decides:

              Increase the size of the personal pension for participants act of terrorism March 1, 1881: Vera Nikolaevna Figner, Anna Vasilyevna Yakimova-Dikovskaya, Mikhail Fedorovich Frolenko, Anna Pavlovna Pribyleva-Korba and Fani Abramovna Moreynis-Muratova - up to 400 rubles a month from January 1, 1933.

              February 8, 1933, Moscow, Kremlin.
              such is the "bloody" tsarist regime: participants terrorist attack that happened in the 19th century, lived until 90 - and more years - until the middle of the 20th century.

              Interestingly, having supported those terrorists, other terrorists - the Tukhachevs, Rykovs, Trotsky, and others, the power was mercilessly destroyed in the bud.

              True, the decrepit regicides who survived were spared already for show, propaganda and because of their insecurity: the bulk of the Narodnaya Volya fighters against tsarism, which was part of the famous Society of Political Prisoners, was shot in the 1930s. Just in case. yes
              1. bober1982
                bober1982 15 March 2021 10: 30
                0
                Quote: Olgovich
                To increase the size of the personal pension to the participants in the terrorist act of March 1, 1881: Vera Nikolaevna Figner, Anna Vasilievna Yakimova-Dikovskaya, Mikhail Fedorovich Frolenko, Anna Pavlovna Pribyleva-Korba and Fani Abramovna Moreinis-Muratova

                And, all the commoners and peasant women ........ Fanya Abramovna with her comrades and girlfriends.
                1. Foul skeptic
                  Foul skeptic 15 March 2021 11: 33
                  0
                  And, all the commoners and peasant women ........

                  Well, if I'm not mistaken, except for Yakimova-Dikovskaya, everyone is from the unprivileged estates, and even she is not from the nobility.
                  1. bober1982
                    bober1982 15 March 2021 11: 39
                    -4
                    Quote: Nefarious skeptic
                    Well, if I'm not mistaken, except for Yakimova-Dikovskaya, everyone is from the unprivileged estates, and even she is not from the nobility.

                    From behind the Pale of Settlement they ran over.
                    1. Foul skeptic
                      Foul skeptic 15 March 2021 11: 44
                      +3
                      Anna Pavlovna turns out to have noble roots, that's how it is. Yes, and Figner of the noble family
                      1. bober1982
                        bober1982 15 March 2021 11: 55
                        0
                        Quote: Nefarious skeptic
                        that's how.

                        Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, in his youth, contacted such gentlemen and ladies, but later he was cured in the Omsk prison.
                        And so there was an immortal novel with a short and laconic title "Demons"
    3. nnm
      nnm 15 March 2021 06: 58
      +11
      To be honest, the article is full of inaccuracies and looks extremely one-sided.
      Let's remember how the reform took place - yes, liberated. But ... the release took place only on paper - only redemption payments for the land for the peasants are worth what !!!! In fact, the peasants had to buy out the land plots that the landowner determined for them. As a result, we got the worst plots. At the same time, during the validity of this norm, the peasants were stripped of payments in the amount of 4 !!!! times the value of the land being purchased. But this was the key question.
      In fact, Alexander made an announcement of the reform and stopped there.
      And so for each item.
      Therefore, the people, in front of whom they waved the candy-freedom, and then hid it behind their backs and put forward a number of mocking conditions for getting it, got angry.
      And this is the first and main mistake in the very first paragraphs of the article. Further, and just do not want to disassemble an article written, apparently, just on the knee.
      Best regards hi
      1. Moskovit
        Moskovit 15 March 2021 08: 09
        +13
        Samsonov has a difficult task. He is for the communists and for the tsar. Therefore, it is necessary to somehow combine ice and fire, a horse and a quivering doe. This requires a third force (aka the fifth column), which harms everyone. All the troubles from her, no matter what system was in the yard ...
        1. Igor Korn
          Igor Korn 15 March 2021 23: 03
          0
          Well, this is an unusual ancient bast shoe thought about "an Englishwoman crap" which, purely according to the canon of the USSR, pushes some dense comrades for lack of a intelligible national idea. Nat. the idea of ​​the USSR was - we are building communism and "the Englishwoman crap." From communism, there are horns and legs, there is nothing to build ... and there is still a stub about an Englishwoman))) while it works and after us even a deluge)
    4. Olgovich
      Olgovich 15 March 2021 09: 37
      -1
      Quote: Pessimist22
      The reforms had to be carried out after the events of 1825, and they all relied on the autocracy and slavery.

      and at least ONE of the "fighters for the freedom of the people" from Senate Square in 1825, released ...his serf people? What, nobody?

      And then what to talk about?
      1. nnm
        nnm 15 March 2021 10: 07
        +2
        Is it okay that in Pestel's Russkaya Pravda one of the main points was precisely the demand for the complete abolition of serfdom? Or the introduction of a republic, the allotment of public land to the peasants, the introduction of suffrage and the transition to a parliamentary form of government?
        And how do you propose to them to free the serfs themselves, if it was illegal? A landowner who even took a peasant who had escaped from another landowner became a criminal offender!
        According to the decree “On Free Farmers”, although a non-redemption option was introduced, conditions were imposed, such as deprivation of land, that in fact it was unrealizable due to the need to pay taxes (in fact).
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 15 March 2021 10: 48
          -3
          Quote: nnm
          And how do you offer them to free the serfs themselves, if it was unlawfully?

          everything would be absolutely legal and sometimes applied in practice, according to the decree “On Free Farmers” in 1803. It was necessary, in fact, to give the liberated people their land: to sell, for example, for 1 kopeck.

          And then the toad was choking ...
      2. Captain45
        Captain45 16 March 2021 10: 03
        +1
        Quote: Olgovich
        and at least ONE of the "people for freedom of the people" from Senate Square in 1825, freed .... his serf people? What, nobody?

        But, for example, "the strangler of ideas and freedoms," the head of the III department, EI.V. Chancery, Count Benckendorff freed his peasants, if I am not mistaken, after the war of 1812. That's what a foe, everything is in spite of the Decembrists, he even stole their ideas, you know ... lol
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 16 March 2021 10: 55
          -2
          Quote: Captain45
          But, for example, "the strangler of ideas and freedoms," the head of the III department, EI.V. Chancery, Count Benckendorff freed his peasants, if I am not mistaken, after the war of 1812.

          This, frankly, is a fiction, he did not say this to the Decembrists and did not release anyone, and serfdom in the Baltic was officially abolished.
    5. av58
      av58 April 25 2021 22: 56
      0
      Do not fence in nonsense. There was no slavery in the Russian Empire. Not at all. Nicholas I was the main supporter of the abolition of serfdom, but he was forced to reckon with reality, and did not begin to introduce reforms without prior notice. The year 1825 is just a meaningless flag that makes no sense, except that it was a riot of oath breakers.
  2. The comment was deleted.
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 01
      +3
      The sovereign of the empire ... not very much ... was killed ... by the supostates ...

      Doesn't the fact of the murder mean anything?
      If you can justify the murder of this ruler of Russia, then you can justify the murder of other subsequent rulers, and any other person who you do not like for any reason ... no matter who they are kings, general secretaries, presidents, janitors or plumbers ... I am totally against this ... against terrorism in peacetime ... terror is justified only against the enemy who destroys the people ... in the Second World War, the terror against the Nazis of Germany and their accomplices was justified on all counts.
      In peacetime, terror leads to dire consequences in society ... there are individual freaky personalities for whom terror becomes an instrument for solving all problems and the response often arrives much harsher ... this is a path into the abyss. hi
      1. apro
        apro 15 March 2021 06: 15
        +6
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        Doesn't the fact of the murder mean anything?
        Since it is possible to justify the murder of this ruler of Russia, then it is possible to justify the murder of other subsequent rulers,

        As far as I understand, if the actions of an official lead to catastrophic consequences, this is normal. All the more, he is not responsible to anyone, not subject to justice, and generally a saint.
        The justification for the murders of Russian emperors is a favorite pastime of Russian lovers of the brilliant empire. Pavel 1 and Peter 3 are immediately remembered, not to mention the legitimate pretenders to the Russian throne.
        1. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 21
          -5
          As far as I understand, if the actions of an official lead to catastrophic consequences, this is normal. All the more, he is not responsible to anyone, not subject to justice, and generally a saint.

          This is understandable ... if you cannot prosecute the king, then it turns out that you just have to kill him ... voila, here it is a cardinal decision ... if I cannot bring to justice a neighbor who spat on my boot, then it can also be done in a cardinal way roll into concrete.
          No Dear Oleg, so we will slide back into the Stone Age.
          We need to look for another civil solution ... I hope you will suggest it. smile
          1. apro
            apro 15 March 2021 06: 29
            +4
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            No Dear Oleg, so we will slide back into the Stone Age.

            Complete impunity for power and money holding. This is called neo-feudalism. And not the Stone Age. Where it was easier. There were no laws. There was the right of force.
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            We need to look for another civil solution ...

            As you guessed ... for the republican form of government they fought for centuries. For the opportunity to make decisions of power, taking into account the opinion of the population.
            1. Lech from Android.
              Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 34
              +1
              for the ability to make power decisions that take into account the opinion of the population.

              I fully agree and support.
              The question now is how to bring all this to life?
              1. apro
                apro 15 March 2021 06: 38
                +4
                Quote: Lech from Android.
                The question now is how to bring all this to life?

                Oh ... Lyokha ... Lyokha ... were born right yesterday ... yes to revolutions ... yes to bloodshed ... voluntarily no one has ever given up a place of money ... new is always born in agony.
                1. Lech from Android.
                  Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 44
                  +1
                  the new is always born in agony.

                  The main thing is that the new is not in the grave, but born. smile
            2. Intruder
              Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 44
              -3
              And not the Stone Age. Where it was easier. There were no laws. There was the right of force.
              were, only much simpler and understandable for the tribe and their leader, and without any of these very democratic values ​​and "Roman law": jury trials, lawyers and prosecutors and other persons ...
      2. Intruder
        Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 24
        +3
        terror is justified only against the enemy who destroys the people ... in the Second World War, the terror against the Nazis of Germany and their accomplices was justified on all counts.
        maybe all the same - this is no longer terror, but partisan and sabotage activities in military conflicts !?
        1. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 38
          +3
          maybe all the same - this is no longer terror, but partisan and sabotage activities in military conflicts !?

          It is possible and so ... our saboteur and scout Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov fully corresponds to this ... a unique personality, he destroyed so many active Wehrmacht officers while remaining elusive for the German detective machine ... rare luck ... but alas, he ran into the Ukrainian accomplices of the Bandera ... .that's who the real Hero is.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 42
            +1
            elusive for the German detective machine ... rare luck
            training and training again, in real conditions ... and all the more painstaking study of the shortcomings of the detective system in any country and non-trivial solutions to support operations are a great guarantee of success for a saboteur and spy / intelligence officer ... wink
      3. Intruder
        Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 33
        +2
        In peacetime, terror leads to dire consequences in society ... there are individual freaky personalities for whom terror becomes an instrument for solving all problems and the response often arrives much harsher
        Crazy and alternatively gifted, there have always been and are, in any country and time ... this is so, "in the family, not without its black sheep ..." when parents try not to educate their children !!!
      4. nnm
        nnm 15 March 2021 07: 00
        +4
        Why look so one-sided? And what did the landowners massively do with the people, what do you not pay attention to ?! Why don’t you say that the people were in fact, in a state of slavery, things in the hands of almost a zemstvo?
        1. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 07: 17
          +3
          And what did the landowners massively do with the people, what do you not pay attention to ?!

          Well, why do I also turn the process of accumulation of negativity and protest against the ruling class of landowners, nobles, manufacturers, as expected, resulted in an irreconcilable class struggle ... the crisis of such a system is inevitable ... the upper classes do not want the lower classes cannot ... a classic phrase.
          In Russia, the resolution of such a crisis is always particularly fierce ... our powers that be do not know how to draw the correct conclusions from crises ... again they are following the same path.
          Sadness.
          1. nnm
            nnm 15 March 2021 08: 05
            +1
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            In Russia, the resolution of such a crisis is always particularly fierce ...

            But what about the succession of French revolutions that drowned their predecessors in blood?

            Quote: Lech from Android.
            again follow the same path.

            More precisely, colleague, you can't tell ... the only pity is that this cup does not want to pass our country ...
            Best regards hi
      5. Free wind
        Free wind 15 March 2021 07: 20
        +3
        Our people are being destroyed. How to deal with this enemy? request Try to sue him. They have it in the Gayropeyskom west, presidents can be brought to justice. And with us, there is nothing to shake the oar of a slave.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 15 March 2021 06: 07
    +16
    How blissful laughingThe king is good, the boyars are bad. laughing When the "empirators" drenched their own, there are a lot of explanations why it was necessary and it was done for the good of the Fatherland. When, the above are urinated, commoners - monsters, executioners and sadists, oligaphrens, etc. laughing
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 06: 29
      -6
      When the above are urinated, commoners are fiends, executioners and sadists, oligaphrens, etc. laughing

      What are you really ... you can not kill a person at all ... this is unnatural for the human mind.
      Well, tell me why it is imperative to kill ... why is it so tempting for some people to kill those they don't like.
      I understand even when there is a war, when there is a question of survival ... if you do not kill the enemy, he will kill you.
      But in a peaceful life, why do this?
      Nicholas 2 and his family were killed in due time ... that this greatly helped the people?
      Terror was then used against the revolutionaries themselves and those who fell under the hot hand of other revolutionaries.
      So we will endlessly destroy each other ... what's good about that?
      1. apro
        apro 15 March 2021 06: 44
        0
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        Nicholas 2 was killed in due time

        Executed by sentence. Citizen Romanov. And not the emperor. In wartime. Was there a need? Today is a controversial issue. Then there was another question. About the preservation of the power of the Soviets. And they believed that the personality of the former tsar posed a threat.
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        ..that it greatly helped the people?

        The civil war ended in favor of the majority of the population.
        1. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 15 March 2021 07: 07
          -5
          The civil war ended in favor of the majority of the population.
          It would have ended in favor of the population without the killing of their family.
          Why were the women and girls of the Romanovs killed ... did they represent what kind of danger to the population?
          I consider it a direct crime and those who did it as infanticides ... there is no excuse for this.
          1. apro
            apro 15 March 2021 07: 28
            +2
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            It would have ended in favor of the population without the killing of their family.

            In 1918 it was not obvious, but today, yes, there is no doubt about it.
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            Why were the Romanov women and girls killed ...

            For some, girls, and for others, grand duchesses who, under certain conditions, can claim power in Russia, to the tradition of a new impetus to the civil war.
            Quote: Lech from Android.
            I consider it a direct crime and those who did it as infanticides ... there is no excuse for this.

            And I think that civil war is both cruel and crime. when everyone has their own laws. to be overridden by the necessity. to survive and win.
          2. tatra
            tatra 15 March 2021 08: 37
            +4
            Enough already about "they are witnesses." First, at the time of the execution, the princesses were between 17 and 21 years old, they themselves could already have children. Secondly, monarchs do not have children, there are only heirs to the throne, around whom, in the event of the overthrow of the monarchs, conspiracies against the new government are woven.
        2. Moore
          Moore 15 March 2021 09: 24
          +5
          Quote: apro

          Executed by sentence. Citizen Romanov.

          Without harboring any reverence for the personality of Nicholas II the Weak, I note that they executed him and his family not by sentence, but by the resolution of the executive committee of the Ural Regional Council of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers' Deputies, that never a court, a revolutionary tribunal and not even the notorious "troika" ...
          And they were not executed because citizen N.A. Romanov committed some kind of crime, but for the fact that he was once the Autocrat of All Russia.
          Quote: apro
          ... marginalized the Russian nobility, transforming it from the time of the throne into a rogue ...

          This "throne support" began to marginalize much earlier - with the Manifesto on the Liberty of the Nobility of Peter III. Catherine II only confirmed it with the "Certificate of Merit". In other words, the bomb was laid for the autocracy a long time ago. Alexandra, that "Blessed", that "Liberator", that Nicholas I, they tried, but then what happened ...
          1. apro
            apro 15 March 2021 09: 33
            -8
            Quote: Moore
            not by a sentence, but by a resolution of the executive committee of the Ural Regional Council of Workers', Peasants' and Soldiers' Deputies,

            According to the laws of the Soviet regime.
            Quote: Moore
            This "throne support" began to marginalize much earlier - with the Manifesto on the Liberty of the Nobility of Peter III

            But the manifesto. Created their impoverishment. By losing money ... thinking changed a little.
            1. Moore
              Moore 16 March 2021 18: 45
              0
              Quote: apro
              According to the laws of the Soviet regime.

              Can you name at least one "law of Soviet power" obliging to kill the former emperor and his family?
              Quote: apro
              But the manifesto. Created their impoverishment. By losing money ... thinking changed a little.

              By the time the manifesto was published, most of the landowners either no longer had their own plows (they lived off the peasants' quitrent), or their land was cultivated by the peasants themselves. When, in 1861, they were asked to take care of the farm on their own, all these parasites were instantly blown away.
              1. apro
                apro 16 March 2021 18: 53
                -1
                Quote: Moore
                When, in 1861, they were asked to take care of the farm on their own, all these parasites were instantly blown away.

                You yourself answered your own question, but at the same time the state financed them through the opportunity to get loans from banks and weaned them off from working.
                Quote: Moore
                Can you name at least one "law of Soviet power" obliging to kill the former emperor and his family?

                Any decision by the executive branch of the councils is lawful. The decision was made. It is lawful.
      2. Gardamir
        Gardamir 15 March 2021 07: 58
        +6
        ..you can't kill a person at all
        Why? When a polished gentleman broadcasts about the optimization of medicine, is this not murder in your opinion? When, under the screams of Crimeanash, they betrayed Odessa and Donbass, this is not a murder?
        You are like a primitive man, if the bomb is murder. And if the rule is cruel, then this is so joke.
      3. Hantengri
        Hantengri 15 March 2021 10: 52
        +8
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        What are you really ... you can not kill a person at all ... this is unnatural for the human mind.

        Controversial statement. If you look deep into our history, you will notice that a person only does what he massively kills his own kind, despite the fact that this is unnatural for his mind ...
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        Well, tell me why it is imperative to kill ... why is it so tempting for some people to kill those they don't like.

        Tribute to the memory of ancestors. ))) Just imagine: you are sitting with your relatives in a cave, peacefully eating up the mammoth that you have got the third day, and then suddenly you notice: some kind of muff is rummaging around, with the obvious intention of sniffing out what is here and how, and then show up here, with everyone your dads, mums, wives, uncles, brothers and other spinognips, eat YOUR mammoths (which, by the way, are so few) and shit near your cave ... And what can you order with such a bastard? Naturally, this bastard needs to be caught, killed, and then eaten (do not waste the meat!) As soon as possible.
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        I understand even when there is a war, when there is a question of survival ... if you do not kill the enemy, he will kill you.

        And who is the enemy a Martian, a reptilian, or a sapiens like you? Then how did it happen that this sapiens came to kill you? Apparently no one bothered to tell him that
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        this is unnatural for the human mind.

        Otherwise he would never have dared ...)))
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 15 March 2021 13: 06
          0
          Igor, hello! hi
          Naturally, this bastard needs to be caught, killed, and then eaten (do not waste the meat!) As soon as possible.

          How else! It is imperative to kill, and immediately! laughing
          1. Hantengri
            Hantengri 15 March 2021 14: 07
            +6
            My regards! hi
            Quote: Sea Cat
            How else! It is imperative to kill, and immediately!

            No, well, it's absolutely impossible, of course ... Sometimes you need to make exceptions.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 15 March 2021 14: 10
              +6
              Quiet family happiness. smile

              1. Korsar4
                Korsar4 15 March 2021 14: 28
                +3
                This is the second episode: "The Life of a Rock Artist"?
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 15 March 2021 14: 44
                  +3
                  What to do ... creativity is creativity, but dinner also needs to be prepared, and on time. smile

                  1. Korsar4
                    Korsar4 15 March 2021 17: 50
                    +2
                    But what about procreation? There is production. You can’t say that you’re a bad hunter.
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 15 March 2021 17: 54
                      +2
                      The woman is probably harmful. request Will use, eat, and start offspring from the other. Simplicity of morals, many will envy.
                      1. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 18: 12
                        +2
                        Doesn't fit. The flower is superfluous in this scheme. It doesn't look like a seasoning.
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 18: 16
                        +2
                        And why such confidence that this flower was presented by the man present in the frame? I'm not sure yet. wink
                      3. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 19: 23
                        +2
                        In those days, there was no sentiment. And there are no traces of the beaten face.
                      4. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 20: 01
                        +1
                        But there is a flower, and this is also far from the realities of that time. I doubt that the local husbands would do it to give flowers to the ladies, and the ladies themselves, for sure, preferred something more digestible.
                      5. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 20: 59
                        +1
                        It's not just a flower of artifacts.
                      6. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 21: 27
                        +1
                        Ah ... yes! The skeleton of a gnawed lover is also present, plus creative work on the wall. The piece of meat on the nightstand doesn’t count, it’s yesterday’s portion.
                        Did I miss something?
                      7. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 21: 31
                        +2
                        “Find out the carriage spring in the knife.
                        What a deep insight into the essence of things ”(c).
                      8. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 21: 38
                        +1
                        Well, a good forensic expert can do it, he was familiar with such men.
                        And "deep into the essence of things" just penetrates the spring, which, by the will of fate, suddenly became a knife.))
                      9. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 21: 43
                        +1
                        It remains to comment on the dreamy expression in the eyes of the primitive lady.
                      10. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 21: 57
                        +1
                        There is nothing to comment on - ate mushrooms. wassat
                      11. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 15 March 2021 22: 03
                        +1
                        This is how the first shamans appeared.
                      12. Catfish
                        Catfish 15 March 2021 22: 52
                        +1
                        Rather, charming Shamans. wink

                      13. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 16 March 2021 03: 48
                        +1
                        Yeah.
                        It is not Mother who calls the Walrus.

                        Where is it from?
                      14. Catfish
                        Catfish 16 March 2021 04: 14
                        +1
                        If about Mother Walrus, then I don't know, but the girl is from the net, there are many of them, just like on the street.
                      15. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 16 March 2021 04: 27
                        0
                        Walrus's mother is from the movie "White Shaman" from the eighties. I remember from childhood.

                        And the previous photo - believes something and waits.
                        Or plays well.
                      16. Catfish
                        Catfish 16 March 2021 04: 34
                        +1
                        In my opinion, just posing.
                        And in life they all believe in someone and wait for something. Only a few are waiting.
                      17. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 16 March 2021 04: 37
                        +1
                        Probably. But he poses well.
                        Or maybe we invent everything for ourselves.
                        We see a lamb in a box.
                      18. Catfish
                        Catfish 16 March 2021 04: 38
                        +1
                        More like a princess in bed.
                      19. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 16 March 2021 04: 40
                        +1
                        Often what we come up with is what we get.
                        It's just that sometimes then we think: what to do with it?
                      20. Catfish
                        Catfish 16 March 2021 13: 51
                        +1
                        I don’t remember the name of the book, but the last phrase in it was as follows:
                        "I learned everything I wanted to know and now I am tormented by only one question, what am I going to do with all this now?" (C)
  • Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 15 March 2021 12: 46
    +2
    What are you really ... you can not kill a person at all ... this is unnatural for the human mind.
    .And what to do with the cannibals? Wild tribes that still remain on the planet.?
    I understand even when there is a war ..I don't understand voyn. For what people kill each other, a friend and in whose interests ..... this is unnatural for the human mind.
    when there is a question of survival ... it is impossible to kill a person at all ... this is unnatural for the human mind. in some cases it is possible, although this is unnatural for the human mind. If something is unnatural for the human mind, it goes crazy. smile
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 15 March 2021 13: 12
      +4
      ..... What about the cannibals? ....
      how is it what to do? Dear Daniel? Last year, if memory serves, there was something foreign that they need to be studied ... (In general, there are two forms of cannibalism known from ancient times - ritual and everyday), unfortunately, much of what was censured earlier was subjected to condemnation, now gradually permeates life ...
      Yes, you are right, probably not all people have a mind .... and are they human ?.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 15 March 2021 13: 21
      +3
      There was still a question
      ... in a peaceful life, why kill ...
      So this is not a peaceful life at all, but a war ...
      How many people have died from covid? At home, in hospitals ... someone became disabled ... Doctors died ...
      Is this not a war? Is optimization not a weapon?
      1. Kushka
        Kushka 15 March 2021 14: 34
        +3
        Is this not a war? Is optimization not a weapon?

        I myself wonder how no one has counted it yet
        number of destroyed, destroyed enterprises
        from 1990 to the present day.
        EMNIP, IVS voiced such a figure to allies,
        after the Second World War.
        Maybe that's why they don't spread it because the bill
        will clearly not be in favor of the Nazis.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 15 March 2021 15: 22
          +1
          unfortunately, dear, these numbers have been known for a long time, ...... of course, regret about the size ....... is sometimes called in the stories. Or --- a search engine to help you. Once upon a time, comrades were also brought here. And the human and demographic losses are well known.
  • Intruder
    Intruder 15 March 2021 06: 35
    +1
    boyars are bad.
    straight from the song ...: "What are the people, such are the boyars" !? wink laughing
  • WHAT IS
    WHAT IS 15 March 2021 07: 43
    +11
    Quote: parusnik
    The king is good, the boyars are bad.

    Even now, many people piously believe in this ...
  • bober1982
    bober1982 15 March 2021 08: 22
    0
    Quote: parusnik
    When the above are wet, commoners

    Something commoners were not observed there, Sonya Perovskaya, perhaps.
    1. Hantengri
      Hantengri 15 March 2021 11: 06
      +5
      Quote: bober1982
      Something commoners were not observed there, Sonya Perovskaya, perhaps.

      Is this Perovskaya a commoner? laughing Both papa and mamma have a pedigree like a poodle.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 15 March 2021 11: 12
        0
        Quote: HanTengri
        Both papa and mamma have a pedigree like a poodle.

        I will know, thanks.
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 15 March 2021 11: 20
      +1
      Quote: bober1982
      Something commoners were not observed there, Sonya Perovskaya, perhaps.

      she is from an old noble family by her mother, and her father is from the famous noble family of the Razumovsky.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 15 March 2021 11: 27
        -3
        Quote: Olgovich
        she is from an old noble family by her mother, and her father is from the famous noble family of the Razumovsky

        And Sofya was drawn to throw bombs, psychiatrists could tell a lot about this representative of an old noble family.
  • Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 15 March 2021 09: 38
    +4
    Quote: parusnik
    How blissful laughingThe king is good, the boyars are bad. laughing When the "empirators" drenched their own, there are a lot of explanations why it was necessary and it was done for the good of the Fatherland. When, the above are urinated, commoners - monsters, executioners and sadists, oligaphrens, etc. laughing

    That's it. And somehow the English relatives of Nikolai2 and his family did not want to host!
    And our liberalism? Why doesn't she remember about the "Polish trace" "in this murder ??? Yes, and abroad could blame the Poles! laughing wassat That would be the theater of the absurd.
  • nnm
    nnm 15 March 2021 07: 07
    +2
    The new Tsar Alexander Alexandrovich was not almond-shaped. The terrorist underground was exposed and defeated. Liberal reforms were curtailed. The empire lived another generation in peace and security.

    Well, how did it help his son, who came to the throne after him?
    You can smash, disallow, forbid as much as you like ...
    It’s just not in vain that one of Alexander’s general-adjutant O. Richter said: “Imagine, sir, a boiler in which gases are boiling.
    And around there are special caring people with hammers
    and carefully rivet the smallest holes.
    But one day, sir, gases will pull out such a piece,
    that it will be impossible to rivet. "
  • Darkness
    Darkness 15 March 2021 07: 37
    +3
    (People have twisted the enemy) - aptly said !!!
  • Undecim
    Undecim 15 March 2021 08: 37
    +10
    Another tub of "stories" from Samsonov. Moreover, the ears of propaganda sticking out of this tub of half-truths and distortions are visible to the naked eye.
    Interestingly, with his reforms, Alexander significantly liberalized the country and society. Before his death, he worked on a new reform involving the introduction of a parliamentary system (the so-called Loris-Melikov Constitution). That is, in theory, various liberals, revolutionaries, "fighters for the people's happiness" should have expressed gratitude to him, supported his progressive undertakings.
    However, the opposite was true. The more freedom there is, the more hatred for the sovereign.

    In modern terms, the tsar-progressor rowed on the galley towards a brighter future, and all sorts of liberals, instead of general admiration, rocked the galley and broke the oar.
    The most interesting thing that the author "forgot" to mention is that the liberated peasants joined the ranks of the "various liberals" who, instead of stormy expressions of gratitude, plunged into riots, of which only in 1861 there were 1859, and most had to be pacified by the army.
    And among the "rotten intelligentsia" and the nascent proletariat, protest organizations generally grew like mushrooms after rain: S. Nechaev's group, Zaichnevsky's circle, Olshevsky's circle, Ishutin's circle, the Land and Volya organization, a group of officers and students of Ivanitsky, a circle of Kursk Jacobins, a circle Tchaikovites, the Perovskaya circle, the Dolgushin circle, the Lavrov and Bakunin groups, the Dyakov, Siryakov, Semyanovsky circles, the South Russian workers 'union, the Kiev commune, the Northern Workers' Union, the new organization Zemlya and Volya, and so on and so forth. It's even surprising how many "liberals" came from in the Russian Empire.
    And the project of timid restrictions on autocracy, created in the salon of the maid of honor Nelidova, in which there is no mention of any parliamentarism, the author calls the Constitution.
    In a word, a duty sketch using the revised elements of the story.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 15 March 2021 10: 00
      +8
      tsar-progressor rowed on the gallery

      Good morning, Victor Nikolaevich! drinks Sinful deed, first read the "king-professor". laughing
      In a word, a duty sketch using the revised elements of the story.

      Please note that in the last picture you can clearly see who is on guard. Representatives of the Pavlovsk regiment. soldier
      1. Richard
        Richard 15 March 2021 11: 54
        +2
        Greetings, Pane hi
        Who else is there to stand there? Everything according to the previously established ritual and traditions
        1. Richard
          Richard 15 March 2021 12: 04
          +1
          They were good "caring for the people." In addition to the murder of the king, the explosion killed14 and mutilated another 20 strangers
          The bomb, by the way, was made by Kibalchich.
          I proposed several types of projectiles, differing from each other in the device for receiving fire, imparting an explosion to dynamite, and only recently have I come up with this form of projectile. ... Stop-down fire is transmitted instantly and, therefore, the explosion should occur the instant the projectile hits the obstacle ...
          - From the testimony of N.I. Kibalchich at the meeting

          Fig.Scheme of a projectile designed by Kibalchich (from the materials of the investigation)
        2. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 15 March 2021 12: 06
          +4
          Greetings, Pane

          Hello! drinks
          Who else is there to stand there? Everything according to the previously established ritual and traditions

          The feeling that the Pavlovtsy were clearly used in especially significant cases in the 19th century. The insurgent Semyonov companies were sent to Petropavlovka under the escort of the Pavlovsky regiment. Also, it was they who stood in cordon during the execution of the leaders of the Decembrists. I would venture to suggest that the regiment was considered very reliable. soldier
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 15 March 2021 13: 29
            0
            Nikolay, hello! smile
            Pavlovtsi.

            There were some ironic verses about the Pavlons, but I can't remember at all. request drinks
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 15 March 2021 13: 40
              +2
              There were some ironic verses about the Pavlons, but I can't remember at all.

              The Copper Grenadiers are a memory for Friedland. Then the regiment commander was killed. Already wounded, he ordered himself to be carried in his arms in front of the regiment - in the attack. Then he was taken to the local house, with other wounded. When the French broke into Friedland, they killed them all. Malice ...
              Offhand, before that the Pavlovsk regiment distinguished itself at Preussisch-Eylau, part of the famous cavalry attack of Murat "crashed" about it. In 1812, the battalion of the regiment, in many ways, ensured the victory at Klyastitsy - with an energetic attack across the already burning bridge.
              As a reward for Friedland, as already mentioned, the regiment was left with copper grenadiers, inherited (for parades and other special occasions). Plus, at parades, they walked with rifles on hand, not on the shoulder. The well-known artist Fedotov served in the regiment - "Anchor, still anchor!", "The matchmaking of a major" and other paintings by his authorship.
              I read somewhere that they were recruiting blondes and redheads of small stature, snub-nosed in the regiment - in memory of Emperor Paul. soldier In any case, the regiment formed under him showed itself more than worthily.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 15 March 2021 13: 47
                0
                I read somewhere that they were recruiting blondes and redheads of small stature, snub-nosed in the regiment - in memory of Emperor Paul.

                So say after that that our warriors did not have a sense of humor. laughing
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 15 March 2021 13: 56
                  +1
                  So say after that that our warriors did not have a sense of humor.

                  I think it has always been. laughing
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 15 March 2021 14: 07
                    +1
                    Nicholas II was handed a report on the sale of vodka for a year in Russia, seeing the total amount, he imposed a very brief resolution: "However". laughing
            2. Richard
              Richard 15 March 2021 14: 26
              +1
              Sea Cat (Constantine): There were some ironic verses about the Pavlons, but I absolutely can't remember

              Not these lines from the drill song "Pavlovsky regiment"?
              ".. Who snub-noses like calves?
              These are the Pavlovtsi guys.
              Who has a forehead of gold?
              These are the Pavlovtsi guys ... "
              ..................
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 15 March 2021 14: 53
                +1
                Yes, but they were still ironic, like, the order went out to the pavlons to give birth to children and some rubbish, and there they walked along the rest of the shelves too. The cadets themselves composed, in my opinion.
                1. Richard
                  Richard 15 March 2021 15: 03
                  +1
                  Found it, Kostya smile Cadet, cadet and soldier ironic folklore about various regiments of the Republic of Ingushetia
                  link: https: //el-tolstyh.livejournal.com/8843272.html
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 15 March 2021 15: 23
                    +1
                    Thanks, Dima. smile I will definitely look, otherwise I have already begun to forget a lot. drinks
  • Vlad world
    Vlad world 15 March 2021 09: 22
    -2
    The article is probably written - if only it was written. Common words and enumeration of attempts.
    The main thing is not said Who or What was behind it. Money and not a little where .. Here is a paradox - did not meet in Russia Poor revolutionaries - of any stripes. And there were no oppressed peasants among them. As they write in some comments. Calling the peasants - slaves. And without knowing the meaning of this term. The favorite pastime of our liberals and admirers of Lenin and Trotsky is to call the Russian people - slaves. The general opinion brings together.
    Unfortunately, the infection carried by Peter into the power structures expanded and developed.
  • Eldorado
    Eldorado 15 March 2021 09: 37
    -7
    Lord, forgive us for the murder of our sovereign Alexander!
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 15 March 2021 12: 59
      +4
      Quote: El Dorado
      Lord, forgive us for the murder of our sovereign Alexander!

      and for what you?
      1. Eldorado
        Eldorado 15 March 2021 14: 08
        -3
        The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 15 March 2021 14: 19
          +5
          The murders of 7 Russian Sovereigns have been proven.
          And how much is abroad.
          Quote: El Dorado
          The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.

          I strongly disagree. And there are millions of people who are not happy with it
        2. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 15 March 2021 15: 17
          +7
          The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.

          Ah, got it. And the chapel in the 8th century is also us.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 15 March 2021 15: 51
            +2
            Quote: Aviator_
            The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.

            Ah, got it. And the chapel in the 8th century is also us.
            No. hi somehow the Angles and the French do not repent that they killed their amiprators belay they are not ashamed! Yes, and the staff of their presidents soaked. .....and nothing.
            They also wanted to destroy the leaders of other countries and did it for the sake of democracy.
            1. Aviator_
              Aviator_ 15 March 2021 16: 33
              +5
              Hi Dmitry!
              Here there is some kind of inferiority complex instilled from the outside by various "intellectuals" in our country, everything is not so, and in general. For example, in the literature of the early 50s, both in our country and in the West, such a genre as a spy novel was widespread. They have it about James Bond, we have it about Major Pronin. Both the one and the other single-handedly defeated everyone. But since the mid-50s, our Major Pronin ended, turned into jokes, and their Bond lived until the early 80s and was repeatedly filmed. That is, they still take this grotesque character seriously. That is, everything they do is highly artistic, while in our country it is oak handicrafts. Well, for the emperors this is the job - to be them in the end on the chopping block or on the guillotine. Not everyone succeeds as King Mihai of Romania to get a job (however, others were involved in politics under him).
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 15 March 2021 17: 30
                +3
                Yes, Sergei! Greetings, they have been trying to instill this complex in us from the outside in one way or another since the beginning of perestroika. Adults, having knowledge and experience of the past, can resist, but young people are crippled from childhood by the school curriculum .... after all, recently there have been plots with bulkheads, where they "expose" the USSR and Stalin ..... and what do we know about such schoolchildren?
                Someone is trying to act with religious conversations, someone is misinterpreting the events of WW1.
                1. Igor Korn
                  Igor Korn 15 March 2021 23: 06
                  0
                  Is the Englishwoman crap again? ))))))))))))))
          2. parusnik
            parusnik 15 March 2021 22: 10
            +4
            Aviator_ (Sergey)
            Ah, got it. And the chapel in the 8th century is also us.
            Sergei , hi Not so, we are the pension reform, and we are taxes, and we are too low wages and pensions with an increase in prices for goods and services. laughing
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 16 March 2021 09: 53
              +1
              Of course, Alexey hi In fact, well, not deputies or senators, or owners of factories, newspapers, ships
              Quote: parusnik
              Aviator_ (Sergey)
              Ah, got it. And the chapel in the 8th century is also us.
              Sergei , hi Not so, we are the pension reform, and we are taxes, and we are too low wages and pensions with an increase in prices for goods and services. laughing
        3. Hantengri
          Hantengri 15 March 2021 19: 32
          +7
          Quote: El Dorado
          The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.

          I, personally, not in business. I give a tooth! And you, if your conscience is so stuck, you urgently need to go to the hospital, to the doctor, write "clean". wassat At once the soul will feel better! laughing
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 15 March 2021 19: 39
            +4
            Quote: HanTengri
            Quote: El Dorado
            The murder of the sovereign is a grave sin on all of us.

            ..... if my conscience is so stuck, I urgently need to go to the hospital, to the doctor, write "clean". wassat .. laughing
            the murder of one sovereign? And the other? Third? And so on? Killing seven? Well, a person wants to be a sinner, so why doesn't he repent? At least here, in public? And we would listen ...
      2. Kushka
        Kushka 15 March 2021 14: 38
        +1
        And us for the fact that no one killed Gorbachev
        on the second day after the May plenum, or better
        right at the plenum itself. This is definitely a sin
        hang on to all of us.
      3. Astra wild2
        Astra wild2 15 March 2021 15: 57
        +2
        Probably, he was also a member of: "Narodnaya Volya"? Or Rysakov possessed him? In consequence, he demonstrated his monarchism in every possible way.
  • BAI
    BAI 15 March 2021 10: 23
    +3
    However, the opposite was true. The more freedom there is, the more hatred for the sovereign.

    Liberal reforms were curtailed. The empire lived another generation in peace and security.

    Those. author:
    a) justifies Gorbachev and Yeltsin - draws historical parallels.
    b) Proves that Russia needs a dictatorship.
    1. Astra wild2
      Astra wild2 15 March 2021 15: 52
      +2
      Generally speaking, Gorbachev began to destroy the state, and Yeltsin almost destroyed the Russian Federation: "Take as much sovereignty as you want."
      The author acquits V.V.
  • Glory1974
    Glory1974 15 March 2021 10: 50
    +6
    I wonder how terrorism has changed in 100 years.
    If earlier they killed representatives of the authorities: governors, policemen and the tsar himself, now ordinary people are being killed.
    Somehow, from hatred of the representatives of the unjust government, they moved on to the murder of people who do not make any decisions and do not influence anything.
    If the murder of the tsar had political consequences, murders, even mass murders, of ordinary people do not entail any consequences. Where is the logic?
  • Woodman
    Woodman 15 March 2021 11: 04
    +5
    I read the article, read the comments. Well, someone justifies the murder of the king, someone condemns - nothing new. I want to say something else - only under the article the numbers of victims during the assassination attempts are 14 killed and dozens of wounded. Nobody cares. Well, if you want to kill the tsar - so aim at the tsar, why bombs among the people to detonate. They are no longer "fighters against the regime", they are ordinary terrorists. In the slogans they are all "for the people" and right there in the midst of this the peoples arrange explosions.
  • Dmitry Zverev
    Dmitry Zverev 15 March 2021 12: 16
    0
    That's what kind of people we are, I almost don't like killing kings right away! Hundreds of years the same thing. We think that having killed the tsar, we will receive a large salary on a regular basis, eat delicious natural products, there will never be wars anywhere, and pensioners will receive a huge pension. Instead of working and fighting for your rights, creating trade unions, defending a simple worker, it's easier to kill one person, and all the rules will be there).
    1. Kushka
      Kushka 15 March 2021 17: 29
      0
      What do you mean, you can't slander people!
      It's all the WEST INFLUENCE!
      England and France had a direct socialist competition,
      who will chop off more heads of kings / queens.
      And in the USSR, for example, if you remember, always
      it was argued that any crime is a relic,
      the legacy of the accursed tsarism, and the Soviet man-
      a man of the future cannot be a criminal in principle
      and will live under communism.
  • Kushka
    Kushka 15 March 2021 14: 11
    0
    Quote: Reptiloid
    ..... What about the cannibals? ....
    how is it what to do? Dear Daniel? Last year, if memory serves, there was something foreign that they need to be studied ... (In general, there are two forms of cannibalism known from ancient times - ritual and everyday), unfortunately, much of what was censured earlier was subjected to condemnation, now gradually permeates life ...
    Yes, you are probably right not all people have a mind.... and are they human ?.

    Yes, people do not have any reason!
    And the proud homo sapiens man appropriated
    himself, impudently and self-confident!
    Not a single hare will poke a cigarette.
    in your mouth, and even two packs a day!
    This name must be taken away from him and assigned
    homo is a dunce.

    The oldest form of life on the planet -tree-
    people are tens of thousands of years old, and trees are tens of millions of years
    There are 8 billion people and thousands of billions of trees.
    AND NO HARM TO THE PLANET !!
    One generation dies, fertilizes the soil for a new one
    generations, and so on millions of times.
    Homo-dunce poisoned everything - the land, the ocean and already
    for \\ space is burning.
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 15 March 2021 15: 46
    +3
    "the gosular, apparently, guessed that this was an assassination attempt and dodged aside" it is so "difficult" to understand that they are shooting at you and you have to dodge!
    ANYONE will understand this, if he is not down. Author, imagine a car rushing at you, what will you do: wait, or walk away? So the Tsar did
  • Anton 17
    Anton 17 15 March 2021 16: 06
    +3
    Another story about the innocently murdered people's benefactor-serf-owner of the first article.
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 15 March 2021 16: 28
    +2
    I used to be proud that I studied in a Soviet school, we did not have and could not have an alternative history.
    We were taught that autocracy was a brake on the development of the state. We were taught that: Khalturin, Zhelyabov or Perovskaya were revolutionaries.
    And now it turns out: autocracy is progress, and the People's Will are villains?
    I wonder where he studied?
    1. Igor Korn
      Igor Korn 15 March 2021 23: 14
      +1
      all taught correctly. The then rigid vertical of power was mired in the corruption of the bureaucracy and attempts to limit and regulate, hammered a bolt on the people only occasionally throwing him pitiful handouts, was engaged in promises and a talking shop, her frantic printer baked new taxes decrees and orders like scalded ... well, and received a completely natural slap in the face ...
  • vladcub
    vladcub 15 March 2021 19: 38
    +2
    Today's "Samsonov" is a monarchist, perhaps Olgovich paid him? Joke
    Seriously, the "Samsonovs" are very different: there are even adequate ones, there are ardent Bolsheviks, there are monarchists. Apparently, today's one wrote about Gapon, remember?
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 15 March 2021 20: 15
    +2
    Colleagues, I'm tired of Samsoniada. And today, in general, some kind of autocracy
    Although Lenin criticized Narodnaya Volya, he respected their courage. And Samsonov only does not call them names
  • skusha54
    skusha54 April 8 2021 16: 00
    0
    Quote: "... Liberal reforms were curtailed. The empire lived for another generation in peace and security.
    At the same time, Russia became more and more powerful economically and militarily. "

    The Russo-Japanese War, and later the First World War, showed all of Russia's "military power".
    And the fact that the reforms were curtailed led as a result to both the first Russian revolution and the second. And by the October coup too ...
  • vadim.simackov2012
    vadim.simackov2012 8 May 2021 09: 45
    0
    And for several hours the assembled relatives did not help him (they even drove the escort Cossack, who was eager to put on tourniquets) from great love, perhaps? Or did even the sons understand that the best Liberator is a dead liberator?