Military Review

Lyudmila Pavlichenko: personal sniper score - 309 enemy soldiers and officers

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Lyudmila Pavlichenko: personal sniper score - 309 enemy soldiers and officers

2021 marks the 105th anniversary of the birth of Lyudmila Pavlichenko, an outstanding female sniper, Hero of the Soviet Union.


Lyudmila Mikhailovna went to the front as a volunteer in the very first days of the war. Since in the 1930s she was engaged in shooting sports, and immediately before the start of the Great Patriotic War, she took sniper courses, the question of which unit to send the recruit to was not raised. Lyudmila Pavlichenko ended up in the 25th Chapaevskaya rifle division of the Red Army.

In the first 3 months of the war alone, Pavlichenko's sniper managed to eliminate over 170 enemy soldiers and officers. In total (until the summer of 1942), the legendary Soviet sniper has killed 309 enemy servicemen, of which almost three dozen are snipers. Moreover, all cases of successful sniper fire are documented.

It is believed that Lyudmila Pavlichenko became one of those who lucidly explained to Western countries why they should go to the opening of the Second Front. While on a visit as part of a delegation of Soviet youth in the United States, where she was sent after being recalled from the front due to injury, Lyudmila Pavlichenko made it clear that the allies overseas would not be able to sit out. According to her, at the age of 25, she destroyed more than 3 hundred enemy soldiers, and at the same time she gets the impression that overseas gentlemen sit behind her for too long. It was after that speech that Western newspapermen glued the label "Lady Death" to Lyudmila Mikhailovna.

In the collections of the State Television and Radio Fund, a unique interview with Lyudmila Pavlichenko was preserved, where she talks about the features of service as a sniper, about her personal sniper account:

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  1. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 10 March 2021 14: 05
    +3
    It was after that speech that Western newspapermen glued the label "Lady Death" to Lyudmila Mikhailovna.

    Death will have just that look. Even through the video 50 years ago, it is felt that these eyes were looking at more than three hundred enemies she killed.
    1. nnm
      nnm 10 March 2021 14: 24
      +25
      "Gentlemen! I am twenty-five years old. At the front I have already managed to destroy 309 fascist invaders. Do you not think, gentlemen, that you have been hiding behind my back for too long ?!"

      And the look at the time, when she was happy, was different. It's just that the people of that generation fell a great grief - to lose relatives, loved ones and take revenge:

      "Hatred teaches a lot. She taught me to kill enemies. I am a sniper. Near Odessa and Sevastopol, I destroyed 309 fascists from a sniper rifle. Hatred sharpened my eyesight and hearing, made me cunning and dexterous; his cunning and tricks; hatred taught me to patiently hunt enemy snipers for several days. Nothing can satisfy the thirst for revenge. As long as at least one invader walks on our land, I will mercilessly beat the enemy. "
      1. Alexga
        Alexga 10 March 2021 14: 30
        +11
        You don't even need to add anything! It is said very succinctly and correctly! soldier, words of the Warrior.
    2. Krasnoyarsk
      Krasnoyarsk 10 March 2021 16: 14
      +5
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      It was after that speech that Western newspapermen glued the label "Lady Death" to Lyudmila Mikhailovna.

      Death will have just that look. Even through the video 50 years ago, it is felt that these eyes were looking at more than three hundred enemies she killed.

      But it seems to me - no, that's not why she has such a look. But because she herself more than once looked death in the eyes.
    3. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 10 March 2021 17: 54
      +3
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      It was after that speech that Western newspapermen glued the label "Lady Death" to Lyudmila Mikhailovna.

      Death will have just that look. Even through the video 50 years ago, it is felt that these eyes were looking at more than three hundred enemies she killed.

      Will not. Often death is unfair and is called “stupid” and “absurd.” As for me, the view of Lyudmila Mikhailovna reflects more severe justice.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 10 March 2021 14: 36
    +8
    Just a soldier, they just defended their HOMELAND!
  3. beeper
    beeper 10 March 2021 14: 44
    +8
    hi There is already a more detailed video on YouTube (~ 31 and a half minutes long) with the same interview with Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko (nee Belova)!
    There, and about the pre-war training of young workers-Komsomol members of the Kiev plant "Arsenal" and more about the American trip and her meeting in the Kremlin with the Supreme Commander-in-Chief JV Stalin!
    A year after this interview, Lyudmila Mikhailovna passed away, at the age of only 58 ... (1916.12, July 1974.27, Belaya Tserkov-XNUMX, October XNUMX, Moscow).
    Our soldiers, wounded in battles, but still returning from the war, front-line soldiers, alas, very many did not live to old age - the war ruthlessly caught up with them and, early before the deadline, took them away from us ...

    Lyudmila Mikhailovna in the video told about the work of a sniper in simple language, as it is, in a businesslike manner and without unnecessary details ...
    In the early 70s I came across a paperback Dosaaf brochure with her memories (including interesting details about the pre-war methods of teaching sniper art), which cannot be compared to any later fictional "biographical" books about her and her comrades on the highest sniper courses of OSOAVIAKHIM and the battles of the defense of Odessa-Sevastopol ...
  4. Galleon
    Galleon 10 March 2021 15: 10
    +9
    To the author: Thanks for the reminder about the Hero's birthday. We remember her feat.
  5. WHAT IS
    WHAT IS 10 March 2021 15: 32
    +14
    Thanks to such amazing people, we won ..

    "Hatred teaches a lot. She taught me to kill enemies. I am a sniper. Near Odessa and Sevastopol, I destroyed 309 fascists from a sniper rifle. Hatred sharpened my eyesight and hearing, made me cunning and dexterous; his cunning and tricks; hatred taught me to patiently hunt enemy snipers for several days. Nothing can satisfy the thirst for revenge. As long as at least one invader walks on our land, I will mercilessly beat the enemy. "
    1. Zug
      Zug 11 March 2021 18: 17
      0
      For 309 she would have been awarded a Star a long time ago. And she was sent to America modestly, having given the Order of Lenin. The Finns also had a sniper Simo Häyhä. He shot 542 Red Army soldiers altogether. In less than 4 months, without a sight. And all are confirmed. And he almost killed everyone at the same location of the regiment. Moreover, he killed about 200 from a submachine gun. A total of 700 people. Here is a record sniper!
      1. Petrik66
        Petrik66 12 March 2021 11: 27
        +3
        Regarding Simo Häyhä: there is no need to repeat the tales of Finnish journalists, who, after the Finnish army was defeated on the Karelian Isthmus, urgently needed super heroes.
        Speaking about the combat work of Simo Häyhä, one cannot fail to note the rather strange reaction of the Finnish command to the actions of a super-successful sniper. There is practically no mention of him in the combat log of his 2nd battalion, which is very strange, and the log of the 6th company either has not survived, or for some reason has not been digitized, but researchers, including Finnish ones, have not use. It is unlikely that a sniper who kills 25 enemy soldiers per day is so commonplace for a battalion commander that it is not worth mentioning. Do not compare with a couple of Russian planes flying over the location of the battalion!
        Tellingly, the stormy activities of Simo Häyhä on the Soviet side were not too noticed. So, the word "sniper" or its synonyms in the operational reports of the 56th Rifle Division and its units for December was found only once: in the summary of the 213rd Rifle Regiment for December 22, where it was specially noted that two wounded in the regiment were the result of activities snipers.
        there is no need to repeat the information of the Finnish side of 1940.

        The boring truth is not interesting to anyone, superheroes are needed.
        1. Zug
          Zug 12 March 2021 11: 31
          0
          Vooot! Nobody believes the cool guy Simo in Russia. No losses of our positions and his units were even close. By the way, the Finns were not defeated on the Isthmus ... Well, okay. This is the same hero for the Finns as for us Pavlichenko. My opinion, without belittling Pavlicenoko's merits as a soldier and a sniper. 300 with a lot of Germans and 30 snipers in less than a year. This is if the Germans are built and held and shot at them.
          1. Petrik66
            Petrik66 12 March 2021 11: 57
            +1
            The Finnish Karelian army was defeated, Vyborg was taken. There was no one else to fight and nothing else. If the Finns were not defeated, then why did they agree to all the conditions and the transfer of the border, and the base on Hanko? 430 Finns were resettled? Obviously not winners. As for the sniper accounts, then I agree - myth-making was present on both sides.
            The boring truth is not interesting to anyone, especially when you get enchanting people and you need to somehow raise the spirit of the masses.
            1. Zug
              Zug 12 March 2021 12: 21
              0
              The Finns concluded an armistice on the Karelian Isthmus. (This is not the only direction by the way). , from Petrozavodsk. I am a little interested in history. I walked behind Suoyarvi, And at Kisnyaselka.
            2. Zug
              Zug 12 March 2021 12: 32
              0
              I agree. It was hard at 42. Damn, they ask the question, how did we win then? But one historian replied: We didn’t give up, we all surrendered, but we didn’t! That's why we won!
  6. demo
    demo 10 March 2021 16: 22
    +5
    It was after that speech that Western newspapermen glued the label "Lady Death" to Lyudmila Mikhailovna.

    Doesn't sound very good.
    She brought death, but through retaliation.
    And she did not come to a foreign land to establish her own rules. She defended her land, her family and her life.
    American journalists are greedy for sonorous epithets, but they do not at all understand what a Russian person is, what he is guided by in everyday life and in a critical, extreme situation.
    A worthy woman. A deep bow to her from us, who live under a peaceful sky in our country.
  7. t-12
    t-12 10 March 2021 16: 42
    +2
    PM13:00 - Pavlichenko talks about a German sniper who was trained in shooting in a concentration camp, shooting at prisoners.

    Does anyone know the details of this story? What kind of German sniper? What is his name (he was taken prisoner, so the name must be)? Which department? What camp did you practice in? Why did the killed prisoners fit into the sniper book? To be presented for an award? Unclear.
    1. Disant
      Disant 12 March 2021 12: 31
      0
      What kind of German sniper? What is his name (he was taken prisoner, so the name must be)?

      She said in an interview - the officer, trained in the death camp, was interrogated right on the no-man's land and immediately in neutral told the scouts who came up - "You talked to him, now we will ask some questions." Those, apparently, did not take him anywhere - "..all ASSYwho were near Sevastopol - ALL destroyed ... "
      501 (five hundred and one!) Entry from the death camp - no wonder that he was not taken far away and his surname was not particularly written down
      1. t-12
        t-12 12 March 2021 22: 55
        0
        no wonder that he was not taken far away and his surname was not particularly written down
        No, this is just tricky. Any scout would take a prisoner to the headquarters of a regiment / division, where the prisoner would be interrogated in the presence of a cameraman and photojournalists, would draw up an interrogation protocol, record the fact of shooting at the prisoners of the concentration camp. And only then would they take them where they should be.
  8. Avior
    Avior 10 March 2021 16: 51
    +6
    In addition to Pavlichenko, sniper Vladimir Pchelintsev went to the States for the anti-fascist youth congress, he left his memoirs, Special Mission, about the trip.
    Interesting book, there is something to read
    http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/pchelintsev_vn/index.html

    In the photo Pavlichenko, Pchelintsev and the secretary of the city committee of the Komsomol Krasavchenko in Washington
  9. vvnab
    vvnab 10 March 2021 16: 55
    +6
    The link is not correct.
    Here is the full version -
    After all, there was already a full video on the same channel. Why not link to it? Not! They cut out about the class origin, about the meeting with Stalin, re-uploaded it, and already he was clocked up views.
    And they also declare that we have no censorship ...
    1. vvnab
      vvnab 10 March 2021 17: 09
      +3
      But no, it's a mess. The longer one was posted later, but anyway, why was it impossible to distribute the full version through the media right away?
    2. CommanderDIVA
      CommanderDIVA 12 March 2021 13: 38
      +1
      Woman of steel
    3. CommanderDIVA
      CommanderDIVA 12 March 2021 13: 53
      +1
      Woman of Steel, Low Bow
  10. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 10 March 2021 17: 09
    0
    And what did she shoot from?
    1. Hunter 2
      Hunter 2 10 March 2021 17: 40
      +5
      Quote: Zaurbek
      And what did she shoot from?

      Lyudmila Mikhailovna - Legend! She won the most victories with the Mosin rifle! But ... in the fall of 1941, she was awarded a 7,62 mm Tokarev self-loading rifle arr. 1940 of the year. It's hard to say what she worked with. There is a mention of "trophy" weapons, but in most of the photographs - Lyudmila Mikhailovna with Mosinka!
      1. WHAT IS
        WHAT IS 10 March 2021 18: 09
        +13
        “My first rifle was destroyed near Odessa, the second - near Sevastopol. In general, I had one so-called output rifle, and the working rifle was an ordinary three-line "
      2. Petrik66
        Petrik66 12 March 2021 12: 05
        0
        SVT did not enjoy much success with snipers due to capriciousness. and less accuracy than a sniper mosinka. But, since before the war, the SVT was positioned as a new super weapon, the photographers filmed the Zoldat with the right weapon. On staged photos, all PPD, SVT, helmets and buttoned tunics.
    2. Lara Croft
      Lara Croft 15 March 2021 21: 22
      0
      Quote: Zaurbek
      And what did she shoot from?

      According to the film from SVT, a very capricious rifle, only experienced snipers can be imprisoned for it ...
  11. Soveticos
    Soveticos 10 March 2021 17: 30
    +4
    Thank you for the article. I first learned about this outstanding woman after a film about her. There maybe a little added from ourselves, but I liked it.
  12. Cottodraton
    Cottodraton 10 March 2021 19: 19
    +7
    Her speech is very good. There are no words - parasites, no bee no me ... Everything is very precise, clear, laconic ...
    Try to get such a speech from some booze ...
    1. mvg
      mvg 10 March 2021 22: 28
      +1
      Try to get such a speech from some booze ...

      Mom is an English teacher, father is a colonel, so that she would not be educated
      1. Black lotos
        Black lotos 15 March 2021 12: 16
        -1
        Quote: mvg
        Mom is an English teacher, father is a colonel, so that she would not be educated

        Belova finished 10 classes while working at the Arsenal. First marriage due to pregnancy. Divorce (son Rostislav)
        In 1937 she entered the history department of the Taras Shevchenko Kiev State University. She had her diploma practice in Odessa before the war. At the beginning of the war, she lost her young man.
        Formation of the USSR.
        During her mission to Canada, she was given a Winchester (in the USA-Colt)
        Met her friend Eleanor Roosevelt in 1957 when she was in the USSR.
        Lyudmila Pavlichenko from the generation of iron people.
        They saved the country. Honor and bow, respect and memory
        1. mvg
          mvg 15 March 2021 13: 46
          0
          Lyudmila Pavlichenko from the generation of iron people

          I watched "Battle for Sevastopol", thanks
        2. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 15 March 2021 21: 28
          0
          Black Lotos (Alexey) They saved the country. Honor and bow, respect and memory

          For this debt, we will never pay off.
          Russia is constantly at war state, so it is not known whether your daughter will fight, or this burden will fall on your grandchildren.
    2. Prisoner
      Prisoner 11 March 2021 17: 12
      0
      Soviet education in the 20-60s. The time of former gymnasium teachers and young Soviet enthusiasts of pedagogy. They demanded a lot and gave a lot.