Military Review

American experts presented a key way to ensure US victory in the Arctic

44

In the context of global warming, the attention of world powers to the Northern Sea Route and to the Arctic territories in general is growing. Since most of the Arctic is controlled by Russia, it is our country that will play a large role in the upcoming clash of interests, and the United States and China will act as the most important competitors for the presence in the Arctic.


Top reasons for U.S. interest in the Arctic


The American magazine The National Interest reflects on the strategy that the United States should choose to ensure its competitive advantage in the Arctic region. The article, which appeared in the American edition, should be taken seriously, if only because it was written by people with extensive experience in the political sphere: the former national security adviser to the President of the United States Robert O'Brien and the former senior director of European and Russian affairs of the National US Security Ryan Tully.

American experts do not hide the reasons for the US interest in the region: the Arctic is not only strategic sea routes, but also a real treasure of natural resources, with huge reserves of precious metals, rare earth elements, gas and oil. That is, even the notorious "struggle for democracy" is no longer necessary to hide behind: the United States openly admits that they are interested in the economic opportunities of the Arctic.

As noted by O'Brien and Tully, the administration of ex-President Donald Trump did a lot for the United States to increase its competitiveness in the Arctic region and come closer to winning its interests in the region.

What is the United States going to do to protect its interests


In 2019, the US Department of Defense presented the Arctic Strategy, which focuses on the challenges and risks associated with the vigorous activities of Russia and, to a lesser extent, the PRC in the Arctic region. A consequence of Washington's increased interest in the Arctic was the restoration of the 2nd fleet United States Navy, focused on operations in the North Atlantic.


Thanks to the rebuilding of the US fleet, the United States gained more opportunities to monitor Russian military activity in the Arctic. Another area of ​​increased attention for the Trump administration has been the area of ​​missile defense, in which significant financial investments have been channeled. Icebreakers were also rented for the needs of the US Coast Guard. According to the authors of The National Interest, the rental of icebreakers allowed for freedom of navigation and access to reconnaissance platforms. Arctic spaces are becoming an ideal location for new military bases.

An important role is also assigned to strengthening relations with allies, including Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Sweden, Finland and Canada. All these countries can be involved in building an anti-Russian strategy in the Arctic region. For example, the United States has opened a consulate in Nuuk, Greenland. Also, the United States has increased the number of "Arctic exercises" in the NATO format. They are actually held at the Russian borders - in the aforementioned Norway.

Another important area is participation in the Arctic Council, which makes important decisions. Russia is an active member of the Arctic Council, while the PRC has observer status. At the same time, American experts note that China is not an Arctic country, and therefore cannot make major decisions in the region.

O'Brien and Tully conclude that melting Arctic ice will open up new shipping routes and provide access to natural resources. Consequently, the US military-political and commercial rivalry with Russia and China in the Arctic will only grow.

At the same time, the United States cannot and should not try to hinder Russian activity, but must ensure the assertion of its own political and economic interests. Thus, one can see that American experts presented precisely the buildup of the military presence as a key way to ensure the victory of the United States in the Arctic.
Author:
Photos used:
Twitter / US Navy
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 9 March 2021 15: 47
    +15
    As old as the Amazon jungle, who is stronger, who has more teeth and claws, he has a legal right to his site.
    1. Clear
      Clear 9 March 2021 16: 07
      +20
      it is our country that will play a big role in the coming clash of interests,

      Even I understand that no superpower would dare to undertake a military option against Russia. Only by Angolsax projects: "bulk", liberals, use of youth "onizhedeti", Western control of social networks, TikToki, venal movie show singers, artists with "beautiful" faces ...
      1. Alien From
        Alien From 9 March 2021 16: 26
        +3
        Tick ​​tock, tick tock. Mattresses are afraid of a direct collision, they are afraid!
        1. Mitroha
          Mitroha 9 March 2021 17: 13
          +6
          The Americans are beginning to resemble the Ukrobenderovites, everyone is at war with someone imaginary, they win, sometimes they lose. Reminds a mental hospital patient with no signs of improving health
          1. businessv
            businessv 10 March 2021 17: 12
            +1
            Quote: Mitroha
            Americans begin to resemble ukrobenderovtsy, everyone is at war with someone imaginary

            On the contrary! This Square reminds them, not realizing that it is nothing of itself! smile
      2. aleksejkabanets
        aleksejkabanets 9 March 2021 17: 07
        0
        Quote: Clear
        Only by Angolsax projects: "bulk", liberals, the use of youth "onizhedeti", Western control of social networks, TikToki, venal movie show singers, artists with "beautiful" faces ...

        In order to close all these projects at once, the Russian Federation needs to become a socially oriented state. Then the base for these projects simply will not be.
        1. hydrox
          hydrox 9 March 2021 17: 46
          -2
          It seems that Russia is approaching the status of a social state: whether it wants this GDP or not, but he will have to make the division between the little ones and the little ones, and he will do it in cooperation with the people or in a revolutionary way - let it proceed from what the option leaves him with life.
          Otherwise, the oligarchy with 5 and 6 columns under the leadership and financial support of the United States will make a coup according to their scenario, putting forward our national debt to NON-CITIZENS as the main offense, for which they will want to impose regular sanctions on us (following chemical weapons).
          And the fact that VVP arrests this scam one piece a day will not protect Russia, it simply will not have time.
        2. Clear
          Clear 9 March 2021 18: 18
          +3
          Quote: aleksejkabanets
          Quote: Clear
          Only by Angolsax projects: "bulk", liberals, the use of youth "onizhedeti", Western control of social networks, TikToki, venal movie show singers, artists with "beautiful" faces ...

          In order to close all these projects at once, the Russian Federation needs to become a socially oriented state. Then the base for these projects simply will not be.

          Yes.
        3. Ugochaves
          Ugochaves 10 March 2021 07: 26
          +1
          What are you talking about, but wasn't the USSR a social state? Where did the so-called "dissidents" come from then? Did they fall from Mars or will there always be opponents of power, whatever it might be? what
          1. businessv
            businessv 10 March 2021 17: 25
            0
            Quote: UgoChaves
            Did they fall from Mars or will there always be opponents of power, whatever it may be?

            What does the "opponents of power" have to do with it? The power itself destroyed the state, although the people came to the referendum and voted "for" the Union! The authorities could not even fulfill the will of the people! Yes, and there was no desire - an appanage prince, not accountable to the king, is always more profitable. As a result, we have what we have.
    2. Proxima
      Proxima 9 March 2021 16: 30
      +14
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      whoever has more teeth and claws is the one who has the legal right to his site.

      The worst thing is that the West disputes the Arctic borders of Russia, which Stalin unilaterally still drew, namely, two meridines, one from the Kola Peninsula, the other from the Bering Strait, which form a triangle with a peak at the North Pole. They say it's not under international maritime law. Then, when there was the USSR, no one stuttered about it. So, Russia needs to be strong to defend all this.
      1. boris epstein
        boris epstein 9 March 2021 16: 38
        +9
        Russia has already confirmed its boundaries in the Arctic through the International Geographic Society. She proved that the underwater Mendeleev and Lomonosov ridges in the Arctic seas are an extension of the continental shelf. And the fact that Russia needs to be strong is not disputed.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 9 March 2021 17: 30
          +2
          Quote: boris epstein
          Russia has already confirmed its borders in the Arctic through the International Geographical Society

          It's not that simple, dear! Yes, the 50th UN session in a streamlined form confirmed Russia's right to this territory, BUT (watch your fingers belay), the area of ​​this territory is only 1,2 million square kilometers... For comparison, this is slightly more than Egypt. This is the first, the second - even to confirm this scanty territory by Arctic standards, Russia spent enormous funds on research. fellow And third, that Stalinist triangle (Kola Peninsula - North Pole - Bering Strait) is much larger than the piece that we "won" at the UN. So the allegory of the fable "The Wolf and the Lamb" has not been canceled. "You are only to blame for the fact that I want to eat"..
          1. boris epstein
            boris epstein 9 March 2021 18: 42
            +5
            "... BUT (watch your fingers ..."
            Whose hands? Professional cheaters from the United States? So Russia gradually ceases to react to them. And generally speaking. Who is this talking about international law? How much does the United States itself comply with it?
    3. Thrifty
      Thrifty 9 March 2021 16: 58
      -1
      While the ice is melting, it will take more than one century, their plans will become hopelessly outdated and simply meaningless. ..
    4. Terenin
      Terenin 9 March 2021 19: 46
      +6
      to provide byUS troubles in the Arctic


      American experts, have you read Captain Vrungel? wink

    5. seregatara1969
      seregatara1969 9 March 2021 21: 06
      0
      about the site rather klondike
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 9 March 2021 15: 51
    +2
    laughing Long before they conquer the dominance in the Arctic. No matter how much money they print for this task.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 9 March 2021 15: 53
    +6
    An article that was published in an American edition should be taken seriously, if only because it was written by people with extensive experience in the political sphere.

    And these "people with extensive experience" in what area ??? Isn't it in climatology ???
    Sour cabbage forecasters! Who knows how it will go with the climate ???
    Maybe so, maybe that way!
    1. cniza
      cniza 9 March 2021 16: 12
      +3
      Science is very young, a little over a hundred years old, so no one knows where everything will swing ... yes
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 9 March 2021 18: 52
        +3
        There are shots there, young and not very well-known and not very famous, DIFFERENT !!! But not every one of them will be able to declare with good reason that the TRUTH is dearer to him !!! Well, very many are easy to dance like that if you feed them well!
        In short, with the same degree of probability, you can tell fortunes on the coffee grounds, play a toss, etc.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 9 March 2021 16: 17
      +3
      Quote: rocket757
      And these "people with extensive experience" in what area ??? Isn't it in climatology ???

      In devouring their own kind.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 9 March 2021 18: 52
        +1
        In this area, they are really notable masters.
  4. Cowbra
    Cowbra 9 March 2021 15: 53
    +11
    In general, a balanced approach - without the usual goebbels. However, there are a couple of facts - the United States has nothing to work in the Arctic zone. It's not about the icebreaker, they still can't master their Alaska - there is one city of 100 in the whole of Alaska. and cities beyond the Arctic Circle, in principle, never existed. There is nothing - from climate-tested weapons to logistics there. Figuratively, the sea is near, but they cannot swim. And then I don't care how much money you have, if you climb into the water now, you will drown with money just faster and deeper than without money
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 9 March 2021 16: 16
      -1
      Alaska has the largest missile defense and air force base.
      In the north of Alaska, the Prudhoe Bay field is being developed,
      classified as "large" by the international rating.
      Oil is pumped to the port to the south of the peninsula along the Trans-Alaskan
      oil pipeline.


      .
      1. Cowbra
        Cowbra 9 March 2021 16: 30
        +11
        The air force base ... With litakas, which were forbidden to leave the base precisely in the Arctic, because it is in these conditions that the equipment is inoperative. I have never heard of the cancellation of this ban. The deposit is being developed. Straight shit with delight - if you put at least Norilsk next to it, it looks like a child's fuss in a sandbox. Shift camp. In which there is nothing like mastering. In Russia, they know how to live in the Arctic. And the USA does not even know how to run there really
      2. Ren
        Ren 10 March 2021 08: 24
        0
        Quote: voyaka uh
        In the north of Alaska, the Prudhoe Bay field is being developed,
        classified as "large" by the international rating.
        Oil is pumped to the port to the south of the peninsula along the Trans-Alaskan
        oil pipeline.

        Prudhoe Bay deposit 70 ° 18'24 ″ s. sh. 148 ° 43'55 ″ W - and this is the northernmost and ONLY developed American field, i.e. actually at the latitude of Murmansk (68 ° 58'00 "N 33 ° 05'00" E) - an ice-free port of the Russian Federation.
        In the Russian Federation, most of the main deposits are at least at the same latitude, or to the north.
        And how many cities and towns in the SGA with a population of 5000 or more in the Arctic Circle? lol
    2. Berber
      Berber 9 March 2021 18: 13
      +2
      Plus categorically. All in essence, but why contradict yourself. This is Goebbelsyatin based on megalomania.
  5. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 9 March 2021 15: 54
    +2
    Then how the Gulf Stream turns! Ice melts in the Arctic, maybe you will be lucky to win, but if it freezes, then we breed penguins in the northeastern United States!
  6. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 9 March 2021 15: 59
    +6
    Interestingly, the new administration will continue the course of "squeezing" from Denmark - Greenland ???
    1. dSK
      dSK 9 March 2021 19: 37
      +1
      Presidents change every 4 years, but the course is the same ...
  7. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 9 March 2021 16: 09
    +2
    There are actually two Northern Sea Routes.
    One through the Russian north, the second through the Canadian north.
    The Chinese want to transport their goods to Europe.
    Which of the two Northern Routes is shorter and easier? - unclear.
    1. iouris
      iouris 9 March 2021 16: 54
      -1
      In short - through the Strait to them. Comrade Stalin.
    2. Hagalaz
      Hagalaz 9 March 2021 16: 55
      +1
      It couldn't be easier. Take a look at the globe from the side of the head and everything will immediately become clear. wink
    3. cniza
      cniza 9 March 2021 17: 14
      +9
      Why is it not clear, here it is even visible:

    4. aszzz888
      aszzz888 10 March 2021 07: 34
      0

      voyaka uh (Alexey)
      Yesterday, 16: 09
      NEW
      +2
      There are actually two Northern Sea Routes.
      One through the Russian north, the second through the Canadian north.
      The Chinese want to transport their goods to Europe.
      Which of the two Northern Routes is shorter and easier? - unclear.
      And push up? fool
  8. cniza
    cniza 9 March 2021 16: 09
    +8
    Thus, one can see that American experts presented precisely the buildup of the military presence as a key way to ensure the victory of the United States in the Arctic.


    They have their own part of the Arctic, even if they are engaged in it ...
  9. Dmitry Makarov
    Dmitry Makarov 9 March 2021 16: 15
    +1
    The shortest route to the United States is via the North Pole.
    Tu-160 missile carriers will be able to shoot "Zircons" from Russian airspace, it will take a few minutes to destroy the United States.
  10. K-50
    K-50 9 March 2021 16: 36
    +4
    American experts presented a key way to ensure US victory in the Arctic
    All they need is to win. There is no way to solve everything in the world, but apparently until they are pissed off properly, they will not calm down.
  11. Prisoner
    Prisoner 9 March 2021 16: 55
    +3
    Well, you can't forbid dreaming. Let them write, let them plan. We have our own plans for their plan. On our loaf, with any claws and teeth, do not open your mouth. They are amputated together with the bread-box
  12. prior
    prior 9 March 2021 17: 32
    +2
    There are too many blacks in America to claim the Arctic ....
  13. migsu
    migsu 9 March 2021 21: 47
    -2
    Let the kids frolic under the "fungi" of the planetary caps REB-PRO of the RF Aerospace Forces ...
  14. Rostislav
    Rostislav 11 March 2021 10: 44
    0
    building up a military presence as a key way to ensure a US victory in the Arctic.

    So they do not use other methods.
  15. Pardus
    Pardus 13 March 2021 14: 30
    +6
    The Americans will put pressure on Russia politically and economically. They are unlikely to decide on a direct armed invasion ... Although who knows what is in the head of the Capitoline hawks in the head ... Therefore, Russia must be ready for any action from the enemy elements of the West.