Military Review

Prospects for the development of domestic heavy flamethrower systems

39

Fighting vehicle TOS-1A of the RChBZ unit from the Air Defense Forces


In the near future, the newest heavy flame-throwing system TOS-2 "Tosochka" will be adopted by the Russian army. In addition, the TOS-1A "Solntsepek" combat vehicles available in the troops will be modernized. These measures are expected to ensure the quantitative and qualitative growth of the fleet of flamethrower systems in the ground forces.

Perspective sample


At the moment, the main attention is drawn to the promising flamethrower system TOS-2 "Tosochka". It represents an option for the further development of existing complexes with the transfer of fixed assets to a wheeled chassis and with the introduction of new systems. The launcher is supplemented with its own crane for transferring ammunition, new fire controls with enhanced capabilities are used, etc.

Prototypes of the TOS-2 system have already been demonstrated to the public and are undergoing the necessary tests, incl. in the conditions of military operation. So, in September last year, "Tosochki" were involved in the command-staff exercises "Kavkaz-2020". At the Kapustin Yar training ground, such combat vehicles showed their firepower and other qualities. It was reported that during the firing at the TOS-2 exercises with the TBS-M3 unguided projectile, the calculated characteristics of range and power were confirmed.


In mid-November, the chief of the RChBZ troops, Lieutenant-General Igor Kirillov, in an interview for Krasnaya Zvezda, said that TOS-2 had been taken into experimental military operation. Based on the results of the latter, the issue of adopting the system into service will be decided.

On February 24, 2021, Rostec announced the preparation of a new stage of inspections. At present, NPO Splav and Motovilikhinskiye Zavody are preparing a heavy flamethrower system to undergo state tests, which will begin this year.

New ammunition has been developed for TOS-2, and they will also be submitted for testing this year. This was reported on March 3 by TASS with reference to the leadership of NPK Tekhmash, which develops unguided projectiles. This year the enterprise will manufacture and supply an experimental batch of promising ammunition for experimental military tests.


Modernization of the existing


In mid-November, the chief of the RKhBZ troops revealed the details of another project in the field of heavy flamethrower systems. The industry was entrusted with the development of a project for the modernization of the "Solntsepek" complex in order to increase the main combat characteristics, from the power of ammunition to survivability on the battlefield.

Soon, the Ministry of Defense revealed some details of the modernization. By introducing new components, the modernized TOS-1A will increase protection against anti-tank weapons. It is also planned to reduce the time required for the transfer to a combat position and the opening of fire. A promising unguided projectile will increase the range and accuracy of fire, and at the same time, the affected area will grow. This will allow you to hit the target with less ammunition consumption.

New details of the project were reported in the media, citing sources in the industry. Thus, the updated TOS-1A will receive new communications equipment that will allow it to work in modern ground forces artillery control systems. It is also planned to integrate communication facilities of the so-called. private data transmission segment. Due to the new shells, the firing range will grow from the current 5-6 km to 15 km.


TOS-2 complex at the Victory Parade, June 24, 2020

Processes of the future


From official sources and the press, it is known how the planned modernization of the fleet of flamethrower systems will be carried out. So, the renewal of "Solntsepek" will begin at the production level. New vehicles produced for the Russian army will initially receive a new set of instruments and components. In the future, the modernization of the available equipment in the troops will also start. These combat vehicles will be updated as planned repairs.

In the foreseeable future, it is planned to carry out the entire complex of tests of the new TOS-2 system. After that, "Tosochka" will be able to enter service and go into production, which will result in the re-equipment of parts of the RChBZ. Together with the TOS-2, the Russian army will receive new ammunition, which will also be used on the modernized TOS-1A.

Last fall, it was reported that the first serial "Tosochki" will go to serve in the Southern Military District. By 2025, the flamethrower units of the Southern Military District will completely switch to such equipment and will remain without TOS-1A tracked vehicles. This will increase mobility and better adapt equipment to the conditions of the region.


In other districts, flamethrower systems on a tank chassis will remain in service. Perhaps, in the future, they will be supplemented with TOS-2 wheel complexes, due to which it will be possible to increase the flexibility of use and obtain other advantages. However, the approach to rearmament, the timing of updating the fleet in combat units, the required number and other aspects of future programs remain unknown.

Technical advantages


According to the results of current projects, the RChBZ troops will have two types of modern flamethrower systems with their own advantages. Thanks to this, it will be possible to obtain a fairly high degree of unification - in terms of onboard equipment, ammunition, etc. At the same time, the difference in design and performance will be used to optimize the fleet of equipment in different regions with different conditions and to obtain maximum flexibility of use.

The main results of the two projects will be associated with the development and implementation of a new unguided missile with a thermobaric warhead. With its help, the maximum firing range will be increased to 15 km. This will allow you to attack targets at greater depths, and also reduce the likelihood of being hit by enemy retaliatory fire. In this respect, the upgraded Solntsepek and the new Tosochka have significant advantages over the systems of earlier versions.


"Tosochka" attacks a mock enemy at the "Caucasus-2020" exercises

Currently, the ground forces are introducing a unified tactical command and control system capable of effectively controlling the work of artillery. Flamethrower systems will also be integrated into such control loops, which will speed up preparation for firing and increase the accuracy of fire. The ability to connect to a closed data segment is expected to allow communication with any subscribers, up to the high command.

Prospects for Directions


The army is not going to give up heavy flamethrower systems. The development of the direction continues and becomes complex. At the same time, several new projects of various kinds are being developed, but with common ideas and components. All this suggests that the concept of the projects "Buratino", "Solntsepek" and "Tosochka" has justified itself, but needs further development and improvement.

The result of such processes in the near future will be the appearance of two modern combat vehicles and an update of the ammunition line. At the same time, it can be assumed that the development of these samples will not stop. However, so far the main task of the industry is to develop and bring to the troops actual models that have already shown their advantages. In the proposed configuration, TOS-1A and TOS-2 will remain relevant for a long time.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, NPK "Uralvagonzavod"
39 comments
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  1. riwas
    riwas 5 March 2021 04: 55
    +2
    For a battle in the city on the basis of a robot "Uran-9" with six launch tubes would be useful.
    1. sen
      sen 5 March 2021 05: 36
      +2
      That is, an analogue of the 203-mm howitzer used in the assault on cities during the Second World War for firing at buildings is proposed.
      1. Romario_Argo
        Romario_Argo 5 March 2021 13: 06
        +1
        according to the experience of using the MLRS Golan-1000 in Syria - that such a thermobaric one may soon appear
        1. Intruder
          Intruder 5 March 2021 16: 30
          +2
          Golan 1000
          by the way, an interesting "toy" and compact, besides .., you can use it in an ambush in a camouflaged position and bury it in an urban setting, until the moment you need it!
          1. Romario_Argo
            Romario_Argo 5 March 2021 16: 53
            +1
            this is handicraft, and ours can make 4 or 6 ODABs more compactly - just figure out what striking power is almost like ODAB-1500, only land-based launchers and at a range of up to 5-10 km.
            1. Intruder
              Intruder 5 March 2021 17: 22
              +3
              this is handicraft
              many great things, came out of the "handicraft" Brothers Wright, Karl Wilhelm Otto Lilienthal, Tsiolkovsky and others !!! wink
              I figured it out, but even with three TPKs, he is not bad at all .., the whole question is in "gifts" for the enemy and in the level of the used LMS! ???
            2. Intruder
              Intruder 5 March 2021 17: 33
              +2
              and ours can make 4 or 6 ODABs more compactly
              only a smaller caliber, but this wonderful machine, right "Dicke Bertha" smells like:
              The Golan-1000 rocket launcher was created on the basis of the Soviet T-72 tank. The caliber of the missiles used is 500 mm, their weight is approximately 500 kg. The system fires not thermobaric ammunition, but ammunition with high-explosive fragmentation warheads, with a standard filling for the Syrian troops.
              ! Here they are, the thermobar will also fasten the simplest correction with external illumination in the field (desert), an irreplaceable self-propelled gun would be, to take out the reinforcement of alternative Islamists in a full volley of three "pipes"!
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 March 2021 05: 46
      +6
      Quote: riwas
      For a battle in the city on the basis of a robot "Uran-9" with six launch tubes would be useful.

      For a war in the city, something smaller than Uranus-9 is needed. Ideally, two miniature robots with modular weapons per squad.
      Rockets Tsochki in this case are redundant - enough "bumblebee" or "lynx".
      The main task of such a baby is to be the first to take a bullet from a "babakha", to look around the corner, to whistle if there are strangers.
      For the rest, experience proves that the pandemonium storming cities is more effective at home with enemy soldiers "to drop a bomb, and preferably five."
      1. Ka-52
        Ka-52 5 March 2021 06: 55
        +3
        For a war in the city, something smaller than Uranus-9 is needed. Ideally, two miniature robots with modular weapons per squad.

        your micro-robots will not get the proper level of cross-country ability in the conditions of urban destruction. Do you order them to be carried out on your hands to the firing line?
      2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 March 2021 07: 38
        +1
        Where did I write about microrobotics? The average weight of robotic equipment at the squad-platoon level is 500-800 kg. This is enough to overcome the barricades and break into the entrance group. Theoretically, it is possible to install 300mm ammunition, but it is easier to burn out than to break. It is more efficient to use something like a 240mm Tulip mortar, which will put a "suitcase" in a 2 by 2 meter square from 9 kilometers. By the way, even the illumination of such an ammunition can be carried out from a robotic complex.
      3. Intruder
        Intruder 5 March 2021 19: 41
        +2
        The main task of such a baby is to be the first to take a bullet from a "babakha", to look around the corner, to whistle if there are strangers.
        For the rest, experience proves that the pandemonium storming cities is more effective at home with enemy soldiers "to drop a bomb, and preferably five."
        Well, then, if the baby is on a harp or has a wheeled drive, you can also "zabatat" compact PU on a DBM, such as 40 mm. and this has already existed for a long time, with a thermobaric warhead, even (VG-40TB) ... and with non-lethal (ACZ-40 "Svirel") in the compartment and the crowd (of the demonstrating opposition) can be dispersed, and if you hit on other barmaleyks, then and smoke them out of buildings and basements of all sorts on the street, under the fire of a sniper, for example ...!? Plus, and not much to destroy the civilian infrastructure in the urban environment of the battle, and low collateral damage for the "peace man"!
    3. riwas
      riwas 5 March 2021 06: 19
      +4
      During the assault on cities, of all types of artillery, the RS assault groups turned out to be the most effective (rockets were carried on their hands and installed as they are, in their original packaging, using improvised means). Launched directly from window openings from a distance of 20-200 m, 300 mm M-31 rockets broke through the brickwork 80 cm thick and bursting inside (warhead weight 52,4 kg) brought down the inner walls, floor and ceiling.
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 March 2021 09: 27
        +2
        Quote: riwas
        Launched directly from window openings from a distance of 20 - 200 m, 300 mm M-31 rockets broke through the brickwork 80 cm thick and bursting inside (warhead weight 52,4 kg) brought down the inner walls, floor and ceiling.

        Today there are high-precision ammunition that allows you to inflict such damage remotely, including target designation.
    4. Sahalinets
      Sahalinets 5 March 2021 11: 26
      +2
      One hit of a splinter in such a pipe and goodbye to the car.
      1. Romario_Argo
        Romario_Argo 5 March 2021 15: 34
        +3
        One hit of a splinter in such a pipe and goodbye to the car

        "these pipes" do not detonate from fragments, there is defragmented solid fuel
    5. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 5 March 2021 20: 59
      +1
      Quote: riwas
      For a fight in the city
      m-160
      M-160 in caliber 160mm.
      For spot work, without direct aim. To whom it is not enough ... M-240 "Tulip"
      m-240
      soldier
  2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 March 2021 06: 16
    +4
    ... Last fall, it was reported that the first serial "Tosochki" will go to serve in the Southern Military District. By 2025, the flamethrower units of the Southern Military District will completely switch to such equipment and will remain without TOS-1A tracked vehicles. This will increase mobility and better adapt equipment to the conditions of the region.

    An interesting solution.
    Before the appearance of Tosochka, one of the main tasks of Buatino's vehicles was movement in the main orders of tank units. Hence the armor and tracked chassis comparable to that of a tank. In fact, Pinocchio and Soncepec are mobile, armored fire support and demining vehicles.
    Tomochka apparently plans to resolve these issues “remotely”, but the principle of energy conservation has not been canceled. If a rocket is taught to fly 15 km, then basically it is only possible to lock the power of the ammunition.
    Pinocchio from 2 km lays a "gift" in the window of the house. From 15 km, such a target will need to be hit in a salvo or have guided projectiles. The presence of the control unit is again a minus in the weight of the explosive in the warhead.
    In fact, a vicious circle, when increasing some qualities we lose others.
    Our missile defense systems also have "thermobalistic" ammunition with a range of 40 to 80 km. It might be worth considering a versatile carrier and modular design. So that Tosochka could also carry modules with Ai-la Buratino thermobalistic missiles today, an hour later “a package with 122mm - hail”, and tomorrow “with mines from agriculture”.
    Experiments with Parma have proven that this is possible.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 5 March 2021 10: 51
      +2
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      So that Tosochka could also carry modules with Ai-la Buratino thermobalistic missiles today, an hour later “a package with 122mm - hail”, and tomorrow “with mines from agriculture”.

      Mdaaa ... you think like Agafya Tikhonovna!
    2. psiho117
      psiho117 5 March 2021 19: 20
      +1
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      An interesting solution.

      Rather incomprehensible - there is already "Hurricane", why delegate its functions to "Tosochka"?
      The RChBZ troops will have to build unnecessary duplication of those artillery structures that they didn’t need before.
      Why is this all? Who benefits from this?
      In fact, Pinocchio and Soncepec are mobile, armored fire support vehicles.
      Exactly. What is the function of the new car? Under-MLRS?
      The presence of the control unit is again a minus in the weight of the explosive in the warhead.
      There is no block there - the NURSs are uncontrollable.
      It might be worth considering a versatile carrier and modular design.
      It's high time - all the more, such MLRS have existed for more than one decade. And tactical missiles are launched from them, and unmanned aerial vehicles, which is just not there.
      And we even have systems of the same type, they manage to install them on different chassis.
    3. Jager
      Jager April 11 2021 10: 17
      0
      "thermal ballistic" rockets are something new ...
  3. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 5 March 2021 11: 38
    +4
    New eres with a range of up to 15 km is "piekyasno"! ... But from what kind of "pantalyk" did the new eres take such advantages? Well, it would be fine more, 8-10 km (as previously promised ...), but 15 at once! Something was not heard about the "seven-mile" breakthrough in the field of creating solid fuel and solid propellants based on it! And without this, the range can be increased by reducing the warhead or by increasing the solid propellant (increasing the length and weight of the eres, which may not "like" the old launcher ...) And then. what is it about the warheads, what will be the difference between the "tosochki" warheads and the "hurricane" warheads, and even more so the "tornado" Eres for MLRS "Hurricane", "Smerch" may be longer, heavier ...; but what prevents to make eres to them shorter, easier ... no more than 15 km (or even 8-10 km ...)? With "multi-barrel" too ... there is a 6-barrel version of the "Tornado"! And with "Hurricane" you can think about it! And with the LMS ... what special problems could there be? "Armor protection"? Duc, and here you can move the convolutions along Raikin! What did you do earlier? We left the extreme "pipes" uncharged ... and in addition we charge them with light and bullet-resistant "foam"! Well, I don’t understand the need to create a "15-kilometer" TOS-2, after spitting in the direction of the "Hurricane"!
    1. venik
      venik 5 March 2021 14: 09
      0
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      But why did this "pantalyk" come from the new eres? Well, it would be fine more, 8-10 km (as promised before ...), but 15 at once!Something was not heard about the "seven-mile" breakthrough in the field of creating solid fuel and solid propellants based on it !

      ========
      Well, about the "seven-mile" - I do not know, but there is significant progress!
      This is the first .... Now the second:
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      And without this, the range can be increased by reducing the warhead or by increasing the solid propellant (increasing the length and weight of the eres, which may not "like" the previous launcher ...)

      ========
      If there is no "seven-mile breakthrough" in the area of ​​fuel propellants (there is simply a very essential progress!), then with thermobaric mixtures they seem to have advanced a lot!
      Now look at the diagram of the MO.1.01.04M thermobaric projectile (TOS-1A "Solntsepek"):

      It can be seen that the warhead is almost twice as large as the engine. And if the efficiency of the thermobaric mixture is increased by a third, then its length is reduced by a third, and, accordingly, the size of the fuel sticks can be increased by a third. Those. the rocket will already be able to fly ~ 10 km. Well, if the fuel efficiency is increased by another third ..... It turns out already approx. 13-13.6 km .....
      AND WHAT is here fantastic??? And these are just the most rude и approximate estimates .....
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 5 March 2021 15: 00
        0
        Quote: venik
        If there is no "seven-mile breakthrough" in the field of fuel propellants (there is simply very significant progress!)

        Have you finally overtaken the Pindos in the energy sector of solid rocket fuels?
      2. Intruder
        Intruder 5 March 2021 16: 23
        +1
        And if the efficiency of the thermobaric mixture is increased by a third, then its length is reduced by a third.
        maybe the volume of TBCH !? wink laughing
        Those. the rocket will already be able to fly ~ 10 km. Well, and if we increase the fuel efficiency by another third ...
        more precisely, it is necessary to raise the thrust impulse of the solid propellant rocket engine on the marching segment of the trajectory, or reduce the mass of the projectile equipped .., and the "stupid" increase in checkers will increase the mass of solid propellant rocket motors in heaps, and the dimensions of the solid propellant gas generator are limited by the caliber of the projectile and its constructive internal volumes. ..
      3. psiho117
        psiho117 5 March 2021 19: 33
        0
        Quote: venik
        Those. the rocket will already be able to fly ~ 10 km. Well, if the fuel efficiency is increased by another third ..... It turns out already approx. 13-13.6 km ....

        Only one question arises - why? Why is this an increase in the range to 15 km, in the complete absence of the structures required for such firing by the RChBZ troops, and trained specialists. Well, they simply do not exist, they were never required, they have a different specificity, these are not Rocket Troops and Artillery.

        It would be better if a controlled NURS was made, at least with a hole. target designation, at times it would be more useful.
    2. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 5 March 2021 21: 09
      +2
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      With "multi-barrel" too ... there is a 6-barrel version of the "Tornado" !!
      rszo tornado kama
      MLRS 9K58 "Kama" (Smerch - 6 barrels).
      The first show of "Max-2007" ...
  4. Fan-fan
    Fan-fan 5 March 2021 12: 48
    0
    And there was already a similar article here recently, only there the system was criticized a little. For example, the questions were asked: why other countries do not create similar systems, if they are as good as we are told. And the conclusion was made there: this is a police weapon, i.e. against bandit formations, but against a serious enemy it is defenseless.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 March 2021 14: 36
      -1
      Quote: Fan-Fan
      And the conclusion was made there: this is a police weapon, i.e. against bandit formations, but against a serious enemy it is defenseless.

      Gorgeous! That is what Zhiglov and Sharapov lacked - to clean up the Black Cat gang with half the houses in Maryina Roshcha! laughing
      These machines are in service with the RChBZ units. So what bandit formations to protect them, how ... though?
      Oil painting, "Humpback come out, otherwise like cockroaches with Unvirsam."
      Read what the RChBZ units are doing and everything will fall into place!
    2. venik
      venik 5 March 2021 15: 43
      +2
      Quote: Fan-Fan
      And there was already a similar article here recently, only there the system was criticized a little. .... And the conclusion was made there: this is a police weapon, i.e. against bandit formations, but against a serious enemy it is defenseless.

      ========
      Do you mean the article by Roman Skomorokhov? Well, this "detective" showed such "deep" knowledge in the field of thermobaric weapons that hesitated nothing, "explaining" to the poor and poor the principle of action thermobaric ammunition, described in detail ..... the principle of operation ammunition volumetric explosion! Along the way, attributing TBB, all the disadvantages inherent in BOV belay lol
      And after that believe so conclusions ?? request
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 5 March 2021 16: 17
        +2
        the principle of operation of a volumetric explosion ammunition! Along the way, attributing TBB, all the disadvantages inherent in BOV
        et, when the "thermobar" - was like a volumetric, in what part of the Universe, such clever people are born - then !? Take me away ... I'm starting to lose faith in the adequacy of the surrounding world !? belay
        1. venik
          venik 5 March 2021 19: 00
          +1
          Quote: Intruder
          fl, when the "thermobar" - was like a volumetric, in what part of the Universe, such clever people are born - then!?

          ========
          The answer is - IN OUR, and even - on "IN" !!! Name - R. Skomorokhov!
          ---------
          Quote: Intruder
          Take me away from here .., I'm starting to lose faith in the adequacy of the surrounding world !?

          ========
          It is not necessary (to lose faith in humanity!) - we, at least - TWO1 drinks
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 5 March 2021 19: 34
            +2
            It is not necessary (to lose faith in humanity!) - we, at least - TWO1
            thanks, this will optimize faith in Humanity - a little ..., at least two now ... drinks
            1. venik
              venik 5 March 2021 19: 43
              0
              Quote: Intruder
              thanks, this will optimize faith in Humanity - a little ..., at least two now ...

              =======
              Where there are two ... There and three! And there you look and a whole platoon will be typed ... And behind him and the company! And there..... wink
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 5 March 2021 21: 50
                +1
                And after him and the company! And there ..... wink
                rather then:
  5. Intruder
    Intruder 5 March 2021 16: 13
    +2
    The main results of the two projects will be associated with the development and implementation of a new unguided missile with a thermobaric warhead. With its help, the maximum firing range will be increased to 15 km.
    new !? We added a little thrust on the marching section of the trajectory, near solid propellants, ... and:

    It is also planned to integrate communication facilities of the so-called. private data transmission segment. Due to the new shells, the firing range will grow from the current 5-6 km to 15 km.

    well, directly, something like this, with the budgets of the RF Ministry of Defense:
    1. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 5 March 2021 21: 26
      +1
      Quote: Intruder

      well, directly, something like this, with the budgets of the RF Ministry of Defense:
      The trick is ...
      That by the time the "thimbles" stop, when the "cat" is just about to select the "thimble" and stretch its paw towards it, the ball is already in the "right pocket". And also next to the "thimble" (working with thimbles) there are always several "regular customers" who from time to time win and "whet the appetite" of the watching audience (L O Hov wassat ) ...
    2. venik
      venik 6 March 2021 09: 47
      +1
      good Super! Surprisingly accurate! The bull's eye! It’s a pity I didn’t read it yesterday ... Although it may be for the best - I couldn’t fall asleep (from giggling) ... drinks
  6. IPC 245
    IPC 245 9 March 2021 07: 06
    +9
    This will increase mobility and better adapt equipment to the conditions of the region.

    But I think this is a completely prudent decision.
  7. Vadim F
    Vadim F 26 March 2021 15: 03
    0
    no prospects. unguided weapons = a sign of backwardness. Russian army wants to invest in backwardness? :) the enemy must be killed with the optimal consumption of cc and without unnecessary destruction, and even more so without collateral sacrifices. a dozen quadcopters with half-kilogram warheads will do more than a salvo of this "flamethrower", which is likely to become a victim of the drone from the enemy.