Military Review

Russia began to form an orbital satellite constellation over the Arctic

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Russia has begun to form an Arctic orbital constellation, and the first Arktika-M satellite has been launched into the design orbit. This is reported by the Ministry of Defense.


The launch of the Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket with the Arktika satellite took place on February 28 at 9:55 am Moscow time. time from the Baikonur cosmodrome and passed in normal mode. At 10:04 am, the Fregat booster blog separated from the third stage of the rocket and launched the satellite into its calculated orbit.

The support of the launch of the carrier rocket and the further launch of the satellite into orbit were supervised by specialists from the Titov Main Testing Center of the 15th Army of the Aerospace Forces.

The Arktika-M spacecraft, launched into orbit, is designed to monitor the climate and environment in the Arctic region. The satellite will operate in a highly elliptical orbit, monitoring the surface in the visible and infrared ranges. In addition, the device will monitor the activity of the Sun and the radiation situation in near-earth space, and receive signals from emergency beacons.

Scheme from Roscosmos:


The Arktika-M satellite weighs 2,2 tons and has a service life of 7 years. The second satellite of the constellation will be launched into orbit in 2023, and three more Arktika-M satellites are planned to be launched in 2024 - 2025. After 2025, the constellation will be joined by five next-generation Arktika-MP satellites.
Photos used:
Roskosmos
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  1. askort154
    askort154 1 March 2021 11: 49
    -18%
    The launch took place, was successful - it was so before, unlike today's frequent ones - the planned launch was postponed.
    Or, the launch of a new on paper "Super Rocket" is planned for 2035.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 1 March 2021 11: 54
      +13
      A working satellite in a highly elliptical orbit, and even with a mass of 2,2 tons fellow - it is very serious. I can imagine what it is stuffed with ..
      1. slipped
        slipped 1 March 2021 12: 01
        +12
        In 2023, it should be like this:



        two devices are still missing.
      2. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 1 March 2021 12: 05
        0
        receive signals from emergency beacons.
        Actually, this is the COSPAS-SARSAT function. Maybe other buoys, naval and airborne ...
        1. slipped
          slipped 1 March 2021 12: 10
          +3
          Quote: Uncle Lee
          Actually, this is the COSPAS-SARSAT function. Maybe other buoys, naval and airborne ...


          There is the COSPAS-SARSAT equipment
          1. mojohed2012
            mojohed2012 1 March 2021 12: 17
            0
            We will soon hear from the United States: the recently launched apparatus by Russia has begun suspicious maneuvering. And it would be nice if these meteorological satellites were not for civil purposes.
          2. Uncle lee
            Uncle lee 1 March 2021 12: 27
            -1
            About this was not in the message ... This is the first mention of the ARB.
            1. slipped
              slipped 1 March 2021 12: 31
              +3
              Quote: Uncle Lee
              This was not in the message ...


              It is on the Roscosmos website

              1. Uncle lee
                Uncle lee 1 March 2021 12: 38
                -1
                One geostationary satellite will not solve the problem, at least three are needed, plus low-orbit ones to determine the point by the Doppler effect.
                1. slipped
                  slipped 1 March 2021 12: 43
                  +3
                  Quote: Uncle Lee
                  One geostationary satellite ....


                  You inattentively examined the scheme. laughing There are now two geostationary satellites and this new high-elliptical one. COSPAS equipment is installed on different satellites.
                  1. Uncle lee
                    Uncle lee 1 March 2021 13: 30
                    -1
                    Geostationary satellites only broadcast a distress signal ... They do not determine the location, if the EPIRB does not have a GPS, then the point cannot be determined.
                    PS on the diagram there is only one satellite and three distress detectors.
                    1. slipped
                      slipped 1 March 2021 13: 44
                      +3
                      Quote: Uncle Lee
                      PS on the diagram there is only one satellite and three distress detectors.


                      I'm talking about the grouping scheme above. The equipment costs two geostationary "Electro-L" as well.
                    2. shkiper83
                      shkiper83 2 March 2021 01: 06
                      0
                      Does GPS work in the arctic regions?
                      1. Uncle lee
                        Uncle lee 2 March 2021 01: 22
                        0
                        No, it does not work, like Inmarsat-C .... Therefore, a second MF / KV radio station is installed for the A-4 region.
    2. askort154
      askort154 1 March 2021 12: 36
      0
      askort154 .....The launch took place, was successful - it was so before,

      Oh, how they booed together. Apparently young people. And under Korolev it was, firstly, no one knew this name (he was a missile designer from a young age. He headed rocketry in the USSR and was strictly classified), and secondly, the launch was always reported as an accomplished event and never planned.
      What about today? The opposite is true. - "Roscosmos" is run by a journalist who
      using social networks of the Internet, where it is promoted monthly. They will not have time to upload blueprints-projects of some new rocket to the design bureau, but the "journalist" shouts "hurray" and puts it on Twitter early in the morning. And as a result, continuous transfers, both in the construction of the cosmodrome, and in the launch of "super-rockets".
      Even the president drew attention to this in 2019. Like, there are a lot of
      unnecessary PR. yes hi
      1. slipped
        slipped 1 March 2021 12: 46
        +5
        Quote: askort154
        And as a result, continuous transfers, both in the construction of the cosmodrome, and in the launch of "super-rockets".


        Where are the "continuous transfers" in the construction of the cosmodrome? The "second stage" is being built at the cosmodrome ahead of schedule.

        Speaking of real transfers - today, for example, Space X had a transfer, did you notice? laughing Or is it another?
        1. askort154
          askort154 1 March 2021 13: 12
          0
          slipped. ...Where are "continuous transfers" in the construction of the cosmodrome? The "second stage" is being built at the cosmodrome ahead of schedule.

          The information is voluminous. If interested, take a look here:
          TASS of September 6, 2019: "What did they say about the deadlines for the commissioning of the cosmodrome" Vostochny
          It’s not just blah blah, but reports of all those responsible to Putin. hi
          1. slipped
            slipped 1 March 2021 13: 22
            +4
            Quote: askort154
            It’s not just blah blah, but reports of all those responsible to Putin. hi


            We are talking there about the delivery of some secondary objects of the first stage.



            Now all this is in the final stage. The second stage is being built according to the schedule.



            Therefore, the phrase "surrender of the Vostochny cosmodrome" is incorrect. The cosmodrome is being built in bursts. After the second, there will be a third.
            1. askort154
              askort154 1 March 2021 13: 27
              -1
              slipped .... It is there about the delivery of some secondary objects of the first stage.

              So we were too lazy to find the article. There are reports on the implementation of the schedule phased construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome, taking into account specific missiles. hi
              1. slipped
                slipped 1 March 2021 13: 36
                +3
                Quote: askort154
                So we were too lazy to find the article.


                The Soyuz-2 launch complex has been built and is performing its functions. The next launch from it is scheduled for March 25. The rocket and satellites have already been delivered to the cosmodrome.



                We started to clear the place under the airfield.

                End of 2022, beginning of 2023 - completion of the construction of the second stage of the USK KRK Amur for the Angara rocket. The launch of the first Angara-A5 launch vehicle from there is scheduled for 2023.
                1. askort154
                  askort154 1 March 2021 13: 55
                  -3
                  slipped ...End of 2022, beginning of 2023 - completion of the construction of the second stage of the USK KRK Amur for the Angara rocket. The launch of the first Angara-A5 launch vehicle from there is scheduled for 2023.

                  You brought up the plans. We will find out their implementation only in 2023!
                  But what were the realities.
                  - 2012 Vice Prime Minister D. Ragozin: - "We will make a cosmodrome in 2015, I give a grudge." (in an interview with TV "Vesti on Saturday")
                  - 2013 V.V. Putin - "the first stages are scheduled for 2015, and in 2020 the Vostochny is to be fully commissioned."
                  - Prime Minister D. Medvedev - the first stage was supposed to be completed last year, actually a quarter of the planned objects were built, only 5 out of 19.
                  - Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov: - "The plans for the first stage of construction cannot be fulfilled. We will not harbor illusions."
                  So, plans and realities are not very friendly everywhere. hi
                  1. slipped
                    slipped 1 March 2021 14: 07
                    +2
                    Quote: askort154


                    You brought up the plans. We will find out their implementation only in 2023!


                    belay

                    as I say - the implementation of the construction of the "second stage", which should be completed in 2023, is ahead of schedule. What is not clear to you?

                    Quote: askort154
                    But what were the realities.
                    - 2012 Vice Prime Minister D. Ragozin: - "We will make a cosmodrome in 2015, I give a grudge." (in an interview with TV "Vesti on Saturday")


                    Done. The first launch took place in April 2016.



                    Quote: askort154
                    and in 2020 Vostochny should be fully commissioned. "


                    It meant the "first stage" of the cosmodrome. Construction of secondary facilities was suspended in 2017 due to the selection of a new construction contractor. As they chose, they began to finish building.

                    Quote: askort154
                    - Prime Minister D. Medvedev - the first stage was supposed to be completed last year, actually a quarter of the planned objects were built, only 5 out of 19.


                    This is again about the "first stage", I gave a photo above - the objects are almost completed.

                    Quote: askort154
                    So, plans and realities are not very friendly everywhere. hi


                    At the "second stage", the metal facing of the gas reflector has already been completed and the concrete is poured



                    The cosmodrome is being built and will be built even further. There are UKS under superheavy and complexes under Amur and SLK. As new launch sites are put into operation, rockets will be launched from there.
                    1. askort154
                      askort154 1 March 2021 14: 28
                      -2
                      slipped ...The cosmodrome is being built and will be built even further.

                      You probably don't understand Russian well.
                      I tell you about Erema, and you tell me about Thomas.
                      I have cited specific quotes from those responsible for the construction of "Vostochny", where they set out plans for
                      complete completion of construction which has not yet been completed. And also, plans for a phased (next) commissioning, which were not fulfilled in the announced terms. What's incomprehensible? And you impose on me new plans for 2023.
                      I see no point in verbiage. hi
                      1. slipped
                        slipped 1 March 2021 14: 39
                        +2
                        Quote: askort154
                        You probably don't understand Russian well.


                        I think better than you laughing

                        Quote: askort154
                        I have cited specific quotes from those responsible for the construction of "Vostochny", where they set out plans for
                        complete completion of construction which has not yet been completed.


                        Don't you understand that the concept of "complete completion" is only relevant to construction queues? That the cosmodrome is planned to continue to be built in the 30th year and beyond?

                        Quote: askort154
                        And also, plans for a phased (next) commissioning, which were not fulfilled in the announced terms. What's incomprehensible?


                        I will tell you again - this refers to the "first stage" of construction, which is now being successfully completed. At the same time, all this does not interfere launch Soyuz-2 rockets and satellites from the cosmodrome.

                        Quote: askort154
                        And you are imposing new plans for 2023 on me. I see no point in verbiage. hi


                        Am I imposing on you? lol I'm talking about the real state of affairs there now, and you give me information from two years ago. laughing
                      2. askort154
                        askort154 1 March 2021 15: 29
                        -1
                        slipped I think better than you

                        I doubt it! If you cannot understand the meaning of the proposal of the President of the country.
                        - 2013 V.V. Putin- "the first stage is scheduled for 2015,
                        and in 2020, "Vostochny" should be put into operation completely. "
                        Or in "your Russian", the word has a completely different meaning, such as "queue". lol hi
                      3. slipped
                        slipped 1 March 2021 16: 00
                        +1
                        Quote: askort154


                        I doubt it! If you cannot understand the meaning of the proposal of the President of the country.
                        - 2013 V.V. Putin- "the first stage is scheduled for 2015,


                        You are not very good friends with your head? laughing
                        so-called The "first stage launch minimum" was completed in 2015, and at the beginning of 2016 a rocket had already taken off from there. I showed you a photo of this event above.

                        Do you not believe your eyes? I will give you a video of this event lol :



                        There have already been six launches from the cosmodrome. Less than a month left until the next one. And today the construction of secondary infrastructure facilities of the "first stage", suspended earlier, is nearing completion and construction of the "second stage" is in full swing.



                        Here is a plan for the entire cosmodrome until 2030:



                        According to this scheme, the 1C launch complex has now been built and 1A is under construction. Next in line is STK.

                        Are you really dumb? laughing Or does it not fit under the pan in any way? lol
  • venik
    venik 1 March 2021 16: 18
    0
    Quote: askort154
    The launch took place, was successful - it was so before, unlike today's frequent ones - the planned launch was postponed.

    ========
    This is because, Alexander, you simply do not know how many "disruptions", "shifts" and unsuccessful launches "actually took place during the Soviet era! It was just that then. not accepted advertise.
    What can you do! Space exploration is not an easy thing - the technique is very complicated, very rarely (actually - almost never) nothing goes "smoothly", "according to plan" and "without failures"!
    hi
  • taiga2018
    taiga2018 1 March 2021 11: 52
    +3
    "intended for monitoring the climate and the environment ..." really only for this ...
    1. Keeper
      Keeper 1 March 2021 11: 55
      +14
      Since the Ministry of Defense said so, then it is!
    2. Andrei Nikolaevich
      Andrei Nikolaevich 1 March 2021 11: 57
      0
      taiga 2018, they asked the same question. But not out loud ..) The enemy does not sleep.)
    3. tralflot1832
      tralflot1832 1 March 2021 11: 58
      +3
      Key words in the visible and infrared ranges. No one will tell us about the sensitivity in the infrared range. Precisely to consider walruses and white bears. MO is concerned about the environment! lol
      1. slipped
        slipped 1 March 2021 12: 08
        -2
        Quote: tralflot1832
        Like walruses and white bears to consider. MO is concerned about the ecology! lol


        What does MO have to do with it? It is a satellite of the civilian group.

        The wavelength range of the MSU-GS device is 0,5-12 microns
        1. tralflot1832
          tralflot1832 1 March 2021 12: 35
          0
          I had to go through an educational program. The resolution depends on the diameter of the receiver and their number. Something is known about this, or it’s not my business. hi
          1. slipped
            slipped 1 March 2021 12: 38
            +2
            Quote: tralflot1832
            I had to go through an educational program. The resolution depends on the diameter of the receiver and their number. Something is known about this, or it’s not my business. hi


        2. ccsr
          ccsr 1 March 2021 12: 37
          0
          Quote: slipped
          What does MO have to do with it? It is a satellite of the civilian group.

          Well, at least despite the fact that the VKS will be responsible for the operation of this dual-purpose satellite, accompany it and receive all the information.
          Moreover, judging by the scant information about the characteristics, there is still something there that will be used only by the military, and to which civilian users will not be allowed. Judging by its orbit and the time it was over the northern hemisphere, there may be relay equipment for correspondent satellite stations.
          1. slipped
            slipped 1 March 2021 12: 40
            +1
            Quote: ccsr
            Well, at least despite the fact that the VKS will be responsible for the operation of this dual-purpose satellite, accompany it and receive all the information.


            The satellite is controlled from MCC-L.
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 1 March 2021 13: 07
              +1
              Quote: slipped
              MCC-L.

              So to control the orbital grouping of one MCC is not enough - it is strange that you do not know this. Not only that, it may be just a cover legend, and this is what you are told. I myself worked at the observation point for space objects and luminaries - do you have any idea what it is, and to whom does it belong?
    4. askort154
      askort154 1 March 2021 11: 59
      -1
      taiga2018 "intended for monitoring the climate and the environment ..." really only for this ...

      ..so - definitely. Will track who flies or floats to the Arctic to spoil the climate and the environment. wink hi
    5. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 1 March 2021 12: 03
      -2
      I think everything in space is dual purpose.
      According to the article - to be honest, it's hard to believe in the promised time frame.
      1. slipped
        slipped 1 March 2021 12: 12
        +1
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        According to the article - to be honest, it's hard to believe in the promised time frame.


        Arctic-M # 2 in production.
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 1 March 2021 12: 14
          0
          We also have Armata in production. wink
          Do you remember how many times you moved in Eastern terms?
          1. slipped
            slipped 1 March 2021 12: 15
            0
            Quote: Ingvar 72
            We also have Armata in production. wink


            Your comparison is not clear, what does a tank have to do with a civilian satellite? These are different manufacturers.
            1. Ingvar 72
              Ingvar 72 1 March 2021 12: 26
              -3
              Quote: slipped
              These are different manufacturers.

              There is no difference, there are plenty of examples when the deadlines for government contracts are "pedaled" for an indefinite period. Be it shipbuilding, aircraft construction or tank construction. Wait and see. If it was possible to put bets on the fact that the satellites would be launched on time, I would bet five thousand, on the fact that the deadline could not be met. This is despite the fact that I'm not a gambling person.
              Well, I'm not an optimist, I'm sorry. request
          2. orionvitt
            orionvitt 1 March 2021 12: 30
            0
            Quote: Ingvar 72
            Do you remember how many times you moved in Eastern terms?

            Do you do everything on time? Even when everything depends only on you. I doubt it.
            1. Ingvar 72
              Ingvar 72 1 March 2021 12: 57
              -2
              Quote: orionvitt
              Do you do everything on time?

              I try. But my diligence depends on whether the assigned tasks are included in the job description, or thrown from above by the authorities, on the "fool". With us so often - the cells will be cut, and the work will be scattered on the rest. If you don't like it, quit. Optimization, and in absolutely all sectors, be it the army, medicine, education or the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
              Here is the answer, where I do everything on time, and where I "pedal" the time.
        2. Brturin
          Brturin 1 March 2021 12: 47
          +1
          Quote: slipped
          Arctic-M # 2 in production.

          There was a message that Arktika-M and Electro-L are one platform, if so, then production should already be worked out ...
          1. slipped
            slipped 1 March 2021 12: 51
            +4
            Quote: BrTurin
            There was a message that Arktika-M and Electro-L are one platform, if so, then production should already be worked out ...


            The "Navigator" platform, the same for the "Spectra-RG", hangs at the Lagrange point L2.

    6. mark1
      mark1 1 March 2021 12: 09
      +2
      Quote: taiga2018
      "intended for monitoring the climate and the environment ..." really only for this ...

      You were clearly told -
      environment ..
      And she's such a Wednesday ... what can you not do there ...
    7. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona 1 March 2021 12: 10
      -1
      Exclusively for monitoring the military climate
    8. Piramidon
      Piramidon 1 March 2021 12: 17
      0
      Quote: taiga2018
      "intended for monitoring the climate and the environment ..." really only for this ...

      Do you need every last performance characteristic in the networks to be voiced? Since ancient times, all reconnaissance satellites have been submitted to the media, such as meteorological, geodetic, research ... etc. About 3000 "research" satellites of the "Cosmos" series were launched. But none of the media has been named intelligence.
      1. slipped
        slipped 1 March 2021 12: 20
        +1
        Quote: Piramidon
        Do you need every last performance characteristic in the networks to be voiced?


        So they voiced, it is not clear that they got so excited here. This is not just another numbered Cosmos. Civil hydrometeorological apparatus. We now have two of them in geostationary orbit, and every half hour they send pictures. Here's a snapshot from an hour ago:

    9. 210ox
      210ox 1 March 2021 12: 40
      0
      Well, you know the rhyme about the "peaceful Soviet tractor". Vertical takeoff .. fellow
  • dgonni
    dgonni 1 March 2021 16: 58
    0
    Remembered! For the union!
    Chinese troops crossed our border yesterday. In response to this, peaceful Soviet tractors took to the air and moved to the location of the peaceful Chinese army.
    The USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in response to this provocation, responsibly declares that it will be forced to start production of vertical take-off combines!
  • NF68
    NF68 2 March 2021 16: 56
    0
    This is a good thing.