Military Review

Problem identified for F-35 fighters due to China's willingness to restrict the export of rare earth metals to the United States

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Problem identified for F-35 fighters due to China's willingness to restrict the export of rare earth metals to the United States

In the United States, they are discussing issues related to the willingness of the 46th President of the United States to make a certain reduction in the military budget. The new American administration made it clear that Joseph Biden is awaiting a report on what weapons and in what quantities the American army really needs today. In this regard, the US press publishes statements that for some means of military equipment and weapons they can use the "reduced purchases" program. In particular, we were talking about F-35 fighters.


Lexington Institute COO Lauren Thompson says Joe Biden has already paid attention to the existing "defense bureaucracy." And now, according to her, the president intends to “highlight the accents in equipping the army and fleet».

Lauren Thompson:

The Biden administration wants a revised 2022 budget ready in Congress in April. At first, they will have to rely on the data of the Joint Headquarters and the same defense bureaucracy.

American analyst in the field of the Air Force and space activities, Richard Abulafia, in this regard, says that Biden's decision may affect the volume of purchases of F-35 fighters. At the same time, China is seen behind Biden's back in this matter.

Abulafia:

For the first time in the time that the F-35s exist, tough decisions on the part of the administration are looming.

According to the latest reports, the Biden administration has already received a policy memo from Undersecretary of State Kathleen Hicks, which says that "decisions on F-35 fighters are the most critical."

Earlier it was reported that the fifth generation fighter manufacturer Lockheed Martin is offering the Pentagon a new contract. According to a representative of the company's management, this will reduce the cost of operating F-35 fighters and improve logistics. LM argues that the cost of an F-35 flight hour will eventually be reduced from $ 36 to $ 25000.

However, now, as it turns out, these targets may not be achievable. American analysts believe that the F-35 fighter will face difficult times, as China has confirmed its intention to limit, if not even ban, the export of rare earth metals to the United States.

Today, Chinese raw materials account for up to 80 percent of the US rare earth metals market. At the same time, the aforementioned Lockheed Martin, which is engaged in the production of new generation fighters, cannot do without Chinese rare earth metals. According to the most conservative estimates, at least 35 kg of oxides of rare earth metals and metals of this type themselves are used to create one F-250. They are used to create on-board electronics, radar systems, and structural elements. If China in the near future implements its plan to limit or completely ban the supply of rare earth metals to the United States, then this will lead to an objective need to reduce the production of these aircraft for at least several years - until alternative sources of these metals are found. Accordingly, this will affect the price, which certainly will not decrease, including the cost of operating the F-35.

In this regard, it can be assumed that the Biden administration is bluffing, declaring its own intentions to revise the volume of orders for these fighters. Indeed, in the event of a Chinese embargo, the revision will have to be carried out without Biden's decision.
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  1. Cowbra
    Cowbra 26 February 2021 11: 15
    +17
    Well, as soon as the Chief of Staff of the Air Force announced the start of the program to replace the F-35, and the Air Force, the ILC and the other fleet began to resume the purchase of the F-15/16/18, "the difficulties immediately began."
    Not to say directly - "we have done with the F-35, now we need to jump off somehow more inconspicuously" ... And so only you draw more attention to the fact that you have built a MAKET that did not pass the state tests, steam your allies with this clumsy artifact, and lost 20 years and somewhere 9 defense budgets of the Russian Federation, eventually getting an inoperative trough without supersonic and with a peeling coating)))
    1. Pessimist22
      Pessimist22 26 February 2021 12: 25
      +4
      And the Jewish comrades said from the words of a pilot that this was an extraordinary plane smile
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 26 February 2021 17: 36
        +4
        Quote: Pessimist22
        And the Jewish comrades said from the words of a pilot that this was an extraordinary plane smile

        Well, comrades, but whose? repeat And to speak, do not carry bags ...
        1. ironic
          ironic 28 February 2021 21: 57
          -2
          Well, yes, new Staleons will carry sacks.
      2. ironic
        ironic 28 February 2021 21: 56
        -2
        And probably in spite of this, Israel is in the process of ordering the 3rd squadron.
  2. Labrador
    Labrador 26 February 2021 11: 18
    +7
    China has reaffirmed its intention to limit, if not ban, exports of rare earth metals to the United States.

    If only so!
    1. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 26 February 2021 12: 22
      0
      Quote: Labrador
      China has reaffirmed its intention to limit, if not ban, exports of rare earth metals to the United States.

      If only so!

      And if China and Russia agreed not to sell these materials to the States, and TITANIUM ALSO stop supplying altogether, then the United States would have started "merrymaking"!
      For now, while they would start to mine and process, or where to look to buy, how many contracts they would have failed ... But this will not happen - money does not smell, and therefore everything will still be sold to the States.
      1. The eye of the crying
        The eye of the crying 26 February 2021 12: 28
        +2
        Quote: Starover_Z
        And if China and Russia agreed not to sell these materials to the States, and TITANIUM ALSO stop supplying altogether, then the United States would have started "merrymaking"!


        And in Russia, too, it would be much more fun.
    2. Dread
      Dread 26 February 2021 12: 32
      +1
      Large deposits of rare earth metals in the Kuril Islands.
      Therefore, Japan and the United States clung to them!
  3. Thrifty
    Thrifty 26 February 2021 11: 23
    +2
    In fact, there are many metals in the states, it is just that the plane will never become cheaper, because the extraction and processing of what the Chinese industry will no longer supply to the United States will be much more expensive than in China. And to carry raw materials from Africa, or Australia, is also not an option, processing again will be expensive. The Yankees will simply promise tax breaks to the Chinese, and all threats of the latter will immediately become a mess. ...
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 26 February 2021 11: 35
      +5
      in the event of a Chinese embargo, the revision will have to be carried out without Biden's decision.
      There is another option - in the event of a Chinese embargo, we will soon observe the formation of a young democracy in a new country. Where else are there many rare earths?
    2. Cowbra
      Cowbra 26 February 2021 11: 36
      +1
      And tax breaks mean that less money in the budget => less money for the defense industry => there is less money for the purchase of fighters. One dog - whether a fighter will rise in price. or the price is the same, there is less money in the wallet.
    3. Vadim Ananyin
      Vadim Ananyin 26 February 2021 11: 46
      0
      The Chinese guys are pragmatic, it is difficult to consider them optimists.
      Based on recent events in relations with the United States, they may not agree to a deal on benefits.
      Since they have already covered not a small market, it makes no sense for them to bother in the US market. They will find something to sell to whom and on what to cut the fat. Compensate so to speak.
      1. Thrifty
        Thrifty 26 February 2021 11: 56
        -3
        Vadim, the United States is strangling Chinese microelectronics with might and main; these are huge losses, both financial and technological. Choose -or to carry on billions of dollars in losses, losing sales markets, or find common ground, and agree! The third option does not exist, because if you leave it as it is, you will continue to be a "whipping boy" with losses that you have nothing to compensate for. ..
        1. Vadim Ananyin
          Vadim Ananyin 26 February 2021 12: 05
          +3
          The fact that they are strangling agree is technologically far from the United States to the Chinese.
          If there are any agreements, then only 50x50, I think China has no other option. Since, like us and China, they (the United States) designated as enemies, it will be difficult to come to an agreement, and then here is the problem of China with Russia. India also bent her fingers, bent, but it turned out not at all as she wanted and it turned out.
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 26 February 2021 11: 56
    +1
    In this regard, it can be assumed that the Biden administration is bluffing, declaring its own intentions to revise the volume of orders for these fighters. Indeed, in the event of a Chinese embargo, the revision will have to be carried out without Biden's decision.

    No one is omnipotent, besides, the situation can change not even from plus to minus, but simply to none, uncertain ... and then many plans collapse on their own.
  5. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 26 February 2021 12: 01
    +4
    Australia has long persuaded Americans to invest in development
    rare earths they have. The reserves are large, but the costs for new mines are insane.
    Due to initial costs, field development also failed
    in the United States. Where stocks are less than Australian ones, and much less
    Chinese.
    For several decades, the Chinese have gradually increased production with huge
    investments. And they "grabbed by the balls" the world market.
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 26 February 2021 13: 16
      -1
      Alexey hi Therefore, there will be bargaining between the Chinese and the United States, some do not want to lose the market, while others are relatively inexpensive raw materials that are problematic to replace!
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 26 February 2021 21: 36
      +1
      Quote: voyaka uh
      Due to the initial costs, the development of fields in the United States also failed.
      And this is Auger, BUT !!!
      In 2016, the United States stopped the development of rare earth metals on its territory, reasonably believing that the time has not yet come for them when all the others will fizzle out and run out ... This has already happened with oil - a ban on the development and production of their own, while candy wrappers can be bought for someone else's. By the way: there is data on the explored reserves of rare earth metals in Texas, Nebraska, and Alaska. There is generally a pantry ... but very cold!
      AHA.
  6. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 26 February 2021 12: 21
    +1
    Many have rare earths, even ours. The Chinese have invested and they have the cheapest property. We reanimated three years ago for mining on the Kola Peninsula. From the name I remember the "stream." Such a virus was stuck in, my smartphone was reanimated by the whole department. The only case I had to catch was a virus. In production, Anya Kournikova's virus was cooler.
  7. Cowbra
    Cowbra 26 February 2021 12: 27
    0
    By the way, about the US Air Force. Everyone remembers how yesterday the Pegaras, the American tankers, were sold to the Jews? And now - why the US itself does not take them:

    This is how the picture at the gas station operator looks in different lighting conditions. And where to shove the barbell ... Hussars, be silent!
    Also, probably, there are not enough rare earths to place the operator in the rear cab, as was always done on tankers. repeat
    1. ironic
      ironic 28 February 2021 22: 01
      0
      Such things are corrected by filters and good optics. This is also a problem for me. request
      1. Cowbra
        Cowbra 28 February 2021 22: 12
        0
        They have not been able to fix it for at least a year. Let the Pentagon know that you have found a solution. Earn money, yeah ...
        1. ironic
          ironic 28 February 2021 23: 37
          0
          I've just been photographing for a long time. Therefore, the solution is obvious. The complexity or cost thereof is the second question.
          1. Cowbra
            Cowbra 1 March 2021 05: 56
            0
            ... but you don't understand the difference between photography and filming. And why is the vision of predators precisely binocular, for example - for you, too, this mystery is great ...
            1. ironic
              ironic 1 March 2021 19: 02
              0
              I understand that the maximum dynamic range in a photo is more difficult to obtain than in a video. The same matrix showing 15 stops of dynamic range in the video barely copes with the 14th in the photo, and I hope it's not a great mystery for you, why?
  8. Avior
    Avior 26 February 2021 12: 30
    +4
    If China in the near future implements its plan to limit or completely ban the supply of rare earth metals to the United States, this will lead to an objective need to reduce the production of these aircraft.

    it is hard to believe that this will affect the production of the F-35. Rare earth metals will not disappear from the market, for the production of the F-35 there are not very many of them, and this is where they will go in the first place.
    In the United States, there are enough reserves of rare earth metals, they take from China only because they are cheaper, before that the United States was the main supplier. Other countries also mine them.
  9. APASUS
    APASUS 26 February 2021 15: 53
    0
    There will never be this cut in the Pentagon's budget. Defense money is one of the pillars of US power in the world.
  10. Alf
    Alf 26 February 2021 21: 04
    +3
    since China has confirmed its intention to limit, if not even ban, the export of rare earth metals to the United States.

    Ay, maladtsa! By the way, explain to me, guardians of "partners", where then will the PRC do with all this rare earth? You jump out of your cowards, shouting that if Russia reduces the export of titanium and other things, then all factories will close.
    1. ironic
      ironic 28 February 2021 22: 03
      +1
      Likewise, there are enough exporters on the market for Titanium.
      1. Alf
        Alf 28 February 2021 22: 06
        +1
        Quote: ironic
        Likewise, there are enough exporters on the market for Titanium.

        But some "tovarischi" here are already fighting in foam, like a witcher at a sabbath, having heard about a proposal in return to reduce the export of rocket engines, and other metals. Such an impression that either on the salary, or by nature plundered by the mind.
        1. ironic
          ironic 28 February 2021 23: 38
          0
          It will not be productive, Russia earns currency in this way. She herself will have enough reserves of Titan for a long time, and the commercial rocket engine is not secret.
          1. Alf
            Alf 1 March 2021 18: 40
            +1
            Quote: ironic
            It will not be productive, Russia earns currency in this way. She herself will have enough reserves of Titan for a long time, and the commercial rocket engine is not secret.

            If you talk like that, then Hitler had to sell oil and grain throughout the war, and he would honestly pay in currency.
            And where will the PRC go to all this rare earth? Are they stupid?
            1. ironic
              ironic 1 March 2021 18: 57
              0
              Who is Hitler with us now? And that the PRC has already stopped investing billions annually in the US economy? And then in some years it reached 17 a year ...
              1. Alf
                Alf 1 March 2021 18: 59
                +1
                Quote: ironic
                Who is Hitler with us now?

                Is it okay that the US government has officially declared Russia an enemy?
                1. ironic
                  ironic 1 March 2021 19: 09
                  0
                  And nothing that such an official announcement is nowhere to be found?