Military Review

New York "families" Bonanno, Lucchese, Colombo and the "Chicago Syndicate"

68

Shot from the series "The Birth of the Mafia"


Article Mafia clans of New York: Genovese and Gambino
we began a story about five famous "families" who settled in this city. Now we will talk about the Bonanno, Lucchese and Colombo clans, and also finish the story about the Chicago Mafia Syndicate.

Shards of the Salvatore Maranzano clan


The Bonanno clan was formed after the death of Salvatore Maranzano, who lost in the "Castellamarian War" (see article Mafia in New York).

It was founded by people from the Sicilian city of Castellammare del Golfo. The Bonanno family was led by Joseph, nicknamed "Banana Joe" (his nickname passed on to the entire clan). It is curious that he moved to the United States during Mussolini's anti-mafia campaign (which was described in the article The "old" Sicilian mafia) at the age of 19. But Vito Genovese, about whom we spoke in the previous article, as you remember, on the contrary, was hiding from American justice in fascist Italy.

New York "families" Bonanno, Lucchese, Colombo and the "Chicago Syndicate"
Joseph Bonanno, Banana Joe. He is sometimes called "The Last Don". Another possible prototype of Don Corleone (besides Frank Costello and Vito Genovese, which were discussed in the last article)

Joseph's son, Salvatore, in Bound by Honor: A Mafioso's Story. History mafioso ") wrote about his family:

“The fame of the Bonanno family thundered in the Castellammare del Golfo region of Sicily for centuries and even from the middle of the last century to the present century.

My father's great-grandfather, Giuseppe Bonanno, was a supporter and military ally of the great Garibaldi, who led the movement for the reunification of Italy. "


In this book, by the way, he calls the word "mafia"

"A fictitious definition that has become a household name, which was used by law enforcement agencies and the press."

The original, in his opinion, is the word "mafiosi", which expresses

“The character and values ​​of the men and women who, day after day, created the history of Sicily ...

A beautiful, proud woman can also be called a mafia.

You don't even have to be human to become a mafioso.

A thoroughbred horse, a wolf or a lion can have the character of a mafioso. "

And here is another revelation of the consigliere (consigliere - "advisor", "mentor") of this family:

“For a long time, the mafia was part of the power structure in the country.

If this point is neglected, the history of the United States between 1930 and 1970 will be distorted and incomplete. "

The legal cover for Joseph Bonanno's business was the garment industry, cheese dairies, as well as numerous funeral services bureaus. The main source of income is drug trafficking.

His ally was Joseph Profaci of the family that would later be called Colombo. In 1956, this union was strengthened by the son of the head of the Bonanno clan with his niece Profaci. In the 60s of the twentieth century, this clan survived the "Banana War", as a result of which Joseph was either kidnapped or staged a kidnapping in order to sit out in a secluded place. He was absent for almost two years: from October 1964 to May 1966.

His son Salvatore said about that time:

“In the 60s, I only had one goal — actually two goals.

When I got up in the morning, my goal was to live until sunset.

And when sunset came, my second goal was to live to see sunrise. "

As a result, Joseph Bonanno "resigned."

In 1983, "Banana Joe" suddenly recalled himself, writing an autobiographical book "A Man of Honor", in which he praises the mafiosi of the past and criticizes the "new":
“They are too greedy to abide by our code of conduct.

They allow non-Sicilians to become full members of the family, they do not respect elders.

Slowly but steadily, our traditions have become nothing, the ideals to which we have given our lives are hopelessly perverted. "


Later in an interview, he stated:

"What we were before no longer exists."

In this book, Bonanno claimed that the father of the future president, Joseph Kennedy (who was previously suspected of having connections with bootleggers and illegal enrichment during the Prohibition period), turned to him for help in organizing the election campaign of his son, John.

Wall Street Bootlegger



In the photo we see Joseph Patrick Kennedy with his sons John and Robert.

He was Chairman of the Securities Commission, Chairman of the US Maritime Commission, US Ambassador to the UK. He was also called the "Wall Street bootlegger."

Joseph Kennedy was well acquainted not only with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but also with Frank Costello, Meyer Lansky and Dutch Schultz (Arthur Simon Flegenheimer, Dutch Schultz. Mafia in New York).

By the way, in 1957, while on vacation in Cuba, John F. Kennedy also met Lansky: the "mafia accountant" was Batista's friend and co-owner of many brothels and casinos, and could provide any help in having fun on this island.

Joseph Kennedy's grandfather made whiskey barrels, his father was the owner of a drinking establishment, and he was involved in the smuggling of alcoholic beverages. During the Prohibition period, several ships belonging to him delivered alcohol to the Canadian islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, from where it was transported to the north of the United States - to the Great Lakes region.


The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon on the map

Kennedy Sr. was a "wholesale supplier", avoiding dealing with end consumers (but making an exception by providing alcohol to private parties of the establishment and bohemians). According to American historian Ronald Kessler, Kennedy sold a box of whiskey worth $ 45 for $ 85, while also diluting the contents of the bottles (which were then sealed again) with cheaper alcohol.

The continuation of the Bonanno clan story


But back to Joseph Bonanno, about whom the publisher of his book, Michael Corda, said:

"In a world where most gamblers were illiterate at best, Bonanno would read poetry, brag about his knowledge of classics, and advise his comrades in the form of quotes from Thucydides or Machiavelli."

Bonanno's revelations cost him a year in prison: Attorney Rudolph Giuliani (future mayor of New York) brought him to trial for perjury in one of his previous trials.

After leaving prison, Bonanno lived for 16 years and now did not strive for fame. When asked about the mafia, he said nothing, claiming to be the namesake of the clan's boss.

In 1999, Joseph Bonanno became the hero of a four-part series produced by his son Salvatore:



Still from the series "Bonanno: The Godfather Story", produced by Salvatore Bonanno, consigliere of this "family"

Meanwhile, in 1976, FBI officer Donnie Brasco was introduced into the clan, who operated until 1981. The "family" was losing influence and was even expelled from the mafia "Commission" (the "Council" of the heads of influential clans of Cosa Nostra, founded at the initiative of Lucky Luciano).

In the 90s of the twentieth century, when this clan was headed by Joseph Massina, the "family" again became a member of the "Commission" and returned the lost positions. In 1998, Massina was the only head of the mafia "family" to remain at large, which sharply strengthened both his position and the position of the clan. But, being arrested, in the early 2000s, Massina began to cooperate with the police - the first of the mafia bosses in New York (even earlier, the mafia boss of Philadelphia Ralph Natale went to such cooperation).

Currently, in addition to New York, this family has interests in New Jersey, Florida and Montreal, Canada (in this city she collaborates with the local Risutto clan).

Albanians are now vying with the Bonanno clan for influence in the Bronx, who ordered an assassin from the African American group "Bloods" to shoot the capo of the "family" Sylvester Zottola on October 4, 2018 in a parking lot near a McDonald's diner. The reason for the massacre was the competition for the right to install slot machines in bars and nightclubs.

"Family" Lucchese


The "heirs" of Gaetano Reina united into the Luquezze family. It is believed that this clan operates in the Bronx, East Harlem, Northern New Jersey, and also in Florida.

Until 1953, this clan was headed by Gaetano Galliano, and Tommy Lucchese became his successor (remember, as a teenager, he was a member of the same street gang as Lucky Luciano). Tommy was on good terms with Carlo Gambino, whose eldest son, Thomas, married Lucchese's daughter Frances in 1962. Another ally was Vito Genovese. And the enemy of Lucchese and Carlo Gambino was Joseph Bonnano, who even tried to kill them, but lost, which resulted in a war within his clan.

Tommy Lucchese was very careful and in 44 years of his mafia career he did not spend a single day behind bars - the case is simply exceptional. It was he who gave his name to this "family".


Thomas Luchese, 1958

In the 80s, the bosses of the Lucchese "family" were allies of the Genovese clan (then headed by Vincente Gigante, who was mentioned in the last article) and opponents of Carlo Gotti from the Gambino "family".

They even tried to kill him: on April 13, 1986, a car explosion was arranged, during which Gotti's deputy Frank de Cicco died, but the Gambino clan boss himself was not injured.

Alfonso D'Arco ("Little Al") of the Lucchese family became the first top-level mafia boss to make a deal with American justice: in 1991 he testified against 50 mafiosi.

In the 90s, the Lucchese clan was headed by Victor Amyuso and Anthony Casso, famous for their cruelty. On their orders, even members of the New Jersey branch of their “family” who refused to pay the increased “dues” were killed, and (contrary to tradition) the wives of the rioters also became targets of attacks.

This clan is also known for cooperation with Greek and "Russian" criminal gangs. But this “family” has very tense relations with the Albanians.

Colombo clan


This clan is considered the weakest and smallest of the five mafia families in New York.

Traces of the activities of this "family" are also found in Los Angeles and Florida.

The first leader of this clan was Joseph Profaci, who came to the United States in 1921. He originally settled in Chicago, but moved to New York in 1925.

It was he who began to control Brooklyn after the October 1928 assassination of Salvatore D'Aquila.

The main legal business of Profaci was the production of olive oil, and the clan's criminal specialization was traditional - drug trafficking and racketeering. At the same time, Profaci was a devout Catholic (in his estate he built a chapel with an exact copy of the altar of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome) and a member of the Knights of Columbus society, which has existed since 1882, to which he made generous donations.

And in 1952, his people found and returned relics stolen from one of Brooklyn's cathedrals. At the same time, in relation to the privates of his clan, Profaci was distinguished by rare stinginess. It was even said that he embezzled most of the money he collected to help the mafiosi in prison and their families. Another trait of Profaci was cruelty: he did not hesitate to order the killing of anyone who criticized him or expressed displeasure.


Joseph Profaci

In the end, disgruntled mafiosi, led by Joe Gallo, kidnapped four people, including Profaci's deputy, his brother and one of the clan's capos.

They were released, but Profaci violated the terms of the contract. And an intra-family war began, which ended only with the death of Profaci in 1962.

The "successor" deputy Magliocco, together with Joseph Bonanno, tried to organize the assassination of Tommy Lucchese and Carlo Gambino, for which in 1963 he was removed from his post by the "Commission" of the clans. This "family" was headed by Joseph Colombo, who gave it its modern name. It was Columbo who became the first head of the New York mafia clan born in the United States.


Joseph Colombo

He became famous also for the fact that he was one of the founders of the "Italian-American League for Civil Rights" (was created in April 1970).

One of the successes of this organization was the ban on the use of the word "mafia" in press releases and official documents of the US Department of Justice.

On June 28, 1971, at a rally organized by this league, Colombo was seriously wounded in front of a crowd of 150 by the black pimp Jerome Johnson, who was immediately killed by the bodyguards of the "boss" in a fit of rage.


Columbo bodyguards and Jerome Johnson

This assassination attempt was an episode of Scorsese's 2019 film The Irishman.

Joe Gallo, recently released from prison, and also Carlo Gambino were suspected of organizing the assassination attempt, but in the end it was recognized that Johnson acted alone. Colombo survived, but was paralyzed and unable to fulfill the duties of the head of the clan.

After the arrest in 1986 of the boss of the Colombo clan (Carmaina Persico), one of the capos, Victor Orena, tried to seize power in 1991 and unleashed a new war that lasted two years. The clan suffered heavy losses and was significantly weakened.

Chicago Syndicate


From the very beginning, the Chicago syndicate differed from the mafia families of New York in its internationalism.

Its founder is Sicilian Jim Colosimo (who was described in the article Mafia in the USA. Black Hand in New Orleans and Chicago) started by organizing a network of brothels. He even married a "madam" of one of these establishments. Later he engaged in usury and extortion.

His successor, John Torrio, was a broader-minded man. First, he was eager to expand his "business" and was guessing with a bet on bootlegging. Secondly, he came up with the idea of ​​close cooperation with non-Sicilians. It was he who invited the Neapolitan Al Capone to Chicago and, retiring, recommended him for the post of head of the clan.

Capone continued and developed the ideas of his boss: by cracking down on competitors, he sought not to completely destroy them, but to absorb the remnants of these gangs. As a result, the leading positions in the Chicago syndicate were occupied by Murray Humphries, who came from Wales, the Greek Gus Alex and two Jews - J Guzik and Leni Patrick. The second (after Capone) leader of the Campanian syndicate was Paul Ricca.

Even the ceremony of accepting newcomers, widespread in other families (pricking a finger and burning an image of a saint with a ritual oath), appeared in Chicago only in the 70s of the twentieth century. Prior to this, the neophyte was invited to dinner at a restaurant, where, in the presence of clan members, he was declared one of them.

It was during one of these ceremonies that Capone staged a massacre of two traitors and the "torpedos" (killer) of Aiello's gang, which was described in the article "With a kind word and a pistol." Alphonse (Al) Capone in Chicago.

At a famous mafia "conference" in Atlantic City, Capone called for the reform of American families along the lines of Chicago. In this he was supported by Charlie Luciano, who, after the arrest of Capone, in close cooperation with Meyer Lansky, carried out what he himself called

"Americanization of the mafia."

Perhaps the most famous head of the Chicago Syndicate after Capone was Sam Giancana, nicknamed Mooney Sam.


Sam giancana

He was born in the USA in 1908 into a family of Sicilian immigrants.

As a teenager, Giancano created Gang 42 in Chicago. This name was inspired by the tale of Ali Baba and 42 robbers. The number 40 appeared as a hint that the Djankana gang is cooler than the Arab fairy tale (those robbers, along with the chieftain, were only 42).

He came to power in the syndicate in 1957 and headed it until 1966.

In cooperation with Giancana (in terms of organizing the election campaign), US presidential candidate John F. Kennedy was suspected. Recall that the same suspicions were expressed in relation to Joseph Bonanno. Giancana later worked with the CIA, which smuggled through him. weapons to the Middle East. Some of these "cargo" ended up in the Mossad.

In addition, in 1960, the CIA tried to negotiate with him about an attempt on the life of Fidel Castro, but six attempts to poison the Cuban leader, undertaken by Giancana's man, Juan Orte, were unsuccessful.

And then, according to some researchers, Giancana took part in the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The reason was the failure of the president to fulfill his obligations to overthrow Fidel Castro (many mafiosi lost property and money in Cuba) and the removal of his brother Robert, who was the worst enemy of the American Cosa Nostra, who said after being appointed to the post of Attorney General of the country:

"If we do not start a war on organized crime not in words, but with the help of weapons, the mafiosi will destroy us."

The allies of the bosses of Cosa Nostra were the Texas oil industrialists who were dissatisfied with Kennedy's policy, who relied on Vice President Lyndon Johnson (Johnson was quite happy with the American mafiosi).

The son of "Banana Joe" Salvatore (Bill), consigliere of this "family", who claimed that the real killer of the president was Johnny Roselli, who worked for Giancana, also announced the participation of the mafiosi in the assassination attempt on the president.


Johnny Roselli with his lawyer

Bill Bonanno met with Roselli in prison, where he allegedly told him that he had shot at Kennedy from a drain hatch (this does not contradict the results of a ballistic examination). After leaving prison (in 1976) Roselli was killed, his disfigured body was found in a tank of oil.

Roselli's involvement in the Kennedy assassination was confirmed by CIA sabotage camp instructor James Files, who claimed to have also shot Kennedy, but the killer was probably another Chicago mob, Chuck Nicoletti, a former member of Gang 42, described above:

“Apparently, Mr. Nicoletti and I fired at the same time, but his bullet hit a thousandth of a second earlier.

Kennedy's head jerked forward a little, and I missed.

Instead of an eye, it hit the forehead above the eyebrow, just above the temple. "

(Excerpt from an interview with Bob Vernon, 1994).


Charles nicoletti


James Files at Stateville Prison, 1994

It is curious that Giancana's "friend" actress Judith Exner in 1975 declared to the US Senate Commission to investigate the involvement of the CIA in the attempts to overthrow F. Castro that she was also the mistress of Frank Sinatra and John F. Kennedy, while Johnny Roselli was only her friend. She wrote about this in her memoirs, published in the fall of 1991.


Judith exner

Americans still cannot make sense of this tangle of mafiosi, pop singers, Hollywood actors and presidents.

In 1965, Giancana was sentenced to a year in prison for contempt of court (refusing to testify). In 1966, he left for Mexico, where he was first arrested and deported to the United States in 1974. On the night of June 19, 1975, on the eve of another hearing in court, Giancana was killed at his home in Chicago.

Currently, the Chicago Syndicate controls mafia families in Milwaukee, Rochester, St. Louis and partly in Detroit. In addition, he owns casinos in the Caribbean.

Like many mafia families in the United States, the Chicago Syndicate does not seek to continue the traditions of gangster shootings and tries once again not to attract the attention of authorities and journalists to its affairs.

In the next article we will talk about the Neapolitan Camorra.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Mafia clans of New York: Genovese and Gambino
Mafia in New York
"With a kind word and a pistol." Alphonse (Al) Capone in Chicago
Mafia in the USA. Black Hand in New Orleans and Chicago
The "old" Sicilian mafia
68 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 2 March 2021 18: 19
    +6
    Thank! It is a pity that the story is coming to an end.
    Valery, if it's not a secret, please share your creative plans.
    Regards, Vlad!
    1. Richard
      Richard 2 March 2021 19: 57
      +8
      Thank you for an exciting and informative cycle!
      Everything was great - both the author's style and illustrations, and interesting information on this topic. good
      Before reading your material, I simply did not know a lot. I liked it very much
    2. Richard
      Richard 2 March 2021 20: 31
      +6
      The Bonanno family. according to FBI data as of 2018
      Home base - New York United States of America
      Founder Joseph Bonanno
      Years active 1931-present
      Territory Various neighborhoods of New York
      Ethnic composition Italo-Americans
      Membership 150 - 170 members, +1500 associates
      Criminal activity racketeering, usury, money laundering, murder, drug trafficking, pornography and gambling
      Allies Gambino Family, Colombo Family, Lucchese Family, and Genovese Family
      Opponents Various gangs of the city and their allies. Albanian and Negro mafia
      Modern family leaders
      Boss - unknown
      Acting boss - Vincent "Vinnie T. V." Badalamenti (2010 - present)
      Became boss after the deportation of Salvatore "Sal Metallurg" Montagna from the US to Canada in 2009, where he was killed in November 2011. Vinny TV arrested in January 2012

      Deputy Boss - Unknown
      Acting Deputy Boss - Nikki "Roth" Santoro (2005 - present)
      He is currently on trial for racketeering and extortion.

      Consigliere - Anthony "TG" Graziano (2001-present)
      January 30, 2012 was released after 10 years in prison.

      Acting Consigliere - Anthony "Fat Tony" Rabito (2003-present)
      Under investigation under the RICO law

      Modern family capos
      Vincent "Handsome" Basciano
      Vincent "Winnie Handsome" Basciano has been the boss of the Bonanno family since 2005. Former leader of the Bronx group, serving time as a result of the testimony of Joe Massino and former deputy Salvatore Vitale in 2005. On April 1, 2008, Basciano was sentenced to life in prison on murder charges.

      Salvatore "Sal Metallurg" Montagna - acting boss and capo of the Bonanno family from 2006 to 2011. The leader of the family's Sicilian group, Montagna lived in a modest cottage in Elmont, Long Island .. Killed November 2011 (body found November 24)

      Nicholas "Nikki Roth" Santora has been acting deputy boss of the Bonanno family since 2005. The leader of the Brooklyn gang, the head of the former team of the legendary Dominic "Sonny Black" Napolitano. Now on trial on charges of racketeering, extortion, usury and drug trafficking
    3. VLR
      2 March 2021 21: 30
      +10
      Vlad, in the near future - articles about Camorra, Sacra Corona Unit and Ndranghetta. And then, perhaps, consider some episodes of the 1812 campaign. Or - at the beginning, two articles of the type "Labyrinths of the World", with some "mystical train" from legends and legends. We'll see.
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 2 March 2021 21: 57
        +5
        Thank you, we will look forward to it!
      2. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 4 March 2021 07: 02
        +2
        hi It so happened that before reading this article, I read 2 previous ones, which I did not have time to. was absent.
        good to read 3 articles at once ---- it turned out to be just great. It turns out a book of all the articles. ++++++ True, I didn't have time to read those comments, but I should have ...
        A very interesting and wonderful cycle.
  2. Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 2 March 2021 20: 04
    +8
    Americans still cannot make sense of this tangle of mafiosi, pop singers, Hollywood actors and presidents.

    Excellent ending. They really can't. laughing
    Giancana's "friend" actress Judith Exner in 1975 declared to the US Senate Commission to investigate the CIA's involvement in the attempts to overthrow F. Castro that she was also the mistress of Frank Sinatra and John F. Kennedy, but Johnny Roselli was only her friend.

    Today one comrade reminded me of such a character as Nastya Rybka. Well, let me tell you, colleagues, in our bastard Russia, how far is it from real civilized countries ... Even our women with reduced social responsibility are somehow ... shallow in comparison with the giants from the United States.
    That's when some Angela Pusik (Marusya Tyutelka, Violetta Glubokaya - all the same) will announce that she was simultaneously the mistress of Shakro Molodoy, Putin and Hvorostovsky, but she has only friendship with Kumarin ... Then we are a civilized country. And so there is nothing to say.
    laughing wassat
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 2 March 2021 22: 01
      +4
      And so who mentioned - about the fish?

      Then we go to you! wink
      Question to Mikhail - "a woman with low social responsibility" - is this the one who does not wash her hands before pouring milk into her cat's bowl?
      1. Richard
        Richard 3 March 2021 00: 52
        +5

        Leading: -A question to Mikhail's team - "a woman with low social responsibility" - is this the one who does not wash her hands before pouring milk into the bowl of her cat?

        Michael: -Connoisseurs take one more minute. Richard will answer


        Unlike "a woman with increased social responsibility"
      2. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master 3 March 2021 10: 24
        +3
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        does not wash his hands

        I'm not sure, but something tells me that the level of social responsibility is determined not by the cleanliness of the hands, but by the predominant position of the legs. laughing However, our furry friends may have their own opinion on this, which I am not going to dispute. smile
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 3 March 2021 10: 34
          +2
          Well, a stranger from whom how? We have something like this! laughing
      3. Catfish
        Catfish 3 March 2021 19: 58
        +4
        Small comment. smile
    2. VLR
      2 March 2021 23: 23
      +5
      Most striking, "rotten" playboy John F. Kennedy is almost a national hero of the United States. However, they and Bonnie and Clyde are romantic heroes. Mafiosi in "The Godfather" are exceptionally sincere guys. And the guys from Once Upon a Time in America are an example to follow.
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 3 March 2021 05: 21
        +5
        What's wrong with Kennedy? laughing He loved beautiful women, went into politics clearly not because of money, the world together with Nikita Sergeevich saved ... from himself, including)).
        1. VLR
          3 March 2021 07: 01
          +8
          Kennedy "saved the world from himself" is a very accurate definition. With his stupid and aggressive actions, he provoked retaliatory measures from the USSR and the Cuban crisis. But, fortunately for everyone, he turned out to be cowardly and did not go butting to the end. With Fidel, he also had a bummer - just like Trump and Kim Jong-un. But he still dragged his country to Vietnam.
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 3 March 2021 12: 10
            +2
            As for Castro, he missed the moment when it was possible to land a massive landing in Cuba in support of Batisto. In Vietnam - in 1963 (at the time of his assassination) there were "only" 15-16 thousand American "advisers" - in Egypt in 1970 there were about 20 thousand Soviet khabirs, so it is not critical. Massive US intervention began in 1964.
            1. VLR
              3 March 2021 12: 19
              +6
              15-16 thousand American "advisers" - well, this is, as they say, "the hardest trouble is the beginning", and "the claw is stuck - the whole bird is lost." Kennedy made a political decision. And in order to leave Vietnam many years later it took a second political decision - very painful and humiliating for the Americans.
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 3 March 2021 13: 41
                +2
                Quote: VlR
                15-16 thousand American "advisers" - well, this is, as they say, "the hardest trouble is the beginning", and "the claw is stuck - the whole bird is lost." Kennedy made a political decision. And in order to leave Vietnam many years later it took a second political decision - very painful and humiliating for the Americans.

                The decision was taken by the protest mood of the street - so it passed neither humiliating nor painful. hi
                The American defeat in Vietnam was due to the half-measures of the war - the Amers did not lose a single major battle.
                It was necessary to take North Vietnam and bring down from there in a year, but the preziks were afraid of the "Korean script", that is. intervention of China, already nuclear at that time. Relations with the PRC were established only in 1969, when the war in the States itself became extremely unpopular. People came to the capital and spoke their fae.
                1. VLR
                  3 March 2021 13: 59
                  +4
                  Well, how painful it is: "Vietnam syndrome" is not a myth. And it was celebrated not only among the veterans of military operations, but throughout society. Precisely to overcome it, Reagan attacked Granada. And, interestingly, the "small victorious war" helped then. Reagan then stated:
                  "Our days of weakness are over. Our military is back on its feet and straight."
                  And finally it was stopped by the First Gulf War. Bush said:
                  "The ghosts of Vietnam are buried under the sands of the Arabian Desert."
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 3 March 2021 14: 12
                    +2
                    Reagan attacked Grenada for other reasons, he brought his marines into Beirut too)).
                    And he needed propaganda clichés to support society's escalation of a new round of the Cold War - a victorious one for the United States, by the way.
                    Bush said everything correctly about the "ghosts of Vietnam" - the professional army fulfilled its specific task without a hint of the protest movement of the 60s and 70s.
                    Unfortunately, the new hippie culture didn't work out. laughing
                2. Quadro
                  Quadro 4 March 2021 12: 03
                  0
                  Quote: Krasnodar
                  Quote: VlR
                  15-16 thousand American "advisers" - well, this is, as they say, "the hardest trouble is the beginning", and "the claw is stuck - the whole bird is lost." Kennedy made a political decision. And in order to leave Vietnam many years later it took a second political decision - very painful and humiliating for the Americans.

                  The decision was taken by the protest mood of the street - so it passed neither humiliating nor painful. hi
                  The American defeat in Vietnam was due to the half-measures of the war - the Amers did not lose a single major battle.
                  It was necessary to take North Vietnam and bring down from there in a year, but the preziks were afraid of the "Korean script", that is. intervention of China, already nuclear at that time. Relations with the PRC were established only in 1969, when the war in the States itself became extremely unpopular. People came to the capital and spoke their fae.

                  What the hell are half measures in Vietnam ?! They turned the country into a vyzhennub desert, the villages were erased from the face of the earth, the unwanted population moved to concentration camps, fascist criminals like death squads were rushing around the rear. The Vietnamese won with patience and skill, trying not to get involved in a "general battle", although you don't really drive a division in the jungle.
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 4 March 2021 12: 48
                    -1
                    Half measures are not to eliminate the cause of the war. Do not occupy North Vietnam.
        2. Catfish
          Catfish 3 March 2021 19: 12
          +4
          "He also loved women, had success with them,
          Crowned with victories, he was the happiest of all "(c)

          Well, just the reincarnation of Henri the fourth, and even that came true:
          "But death is full of treachery,
          And stabbed her with a knife from around the corner "(c)

          True, in this case there was a bullet. wink

          Good evening, Albert. hi
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 3 March 2021 20: 41
            +2
            Good evening, Constantine! hi
            He was a charismatic uncle, WWII veteran, combat pilot, womanizer - normal, in short laughing ... True, the world almost blew it apart with Khrushchev, but that's another story)).
            1. Liam
              Liam 3 March 2021 20: 52
              +4
              Quote: Krasnodar
              combat pilot

              hi Kenedy did not serve as a pilot; a seaman on a torpedo boat
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 3 March 2021 20: 56
                +3
                Greetings! hi
                Confused with Bush Sr. - indeed, he was the captain of a torpedo boat)).
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 3 March 2021 21: 29
              +3
              , combat pilot,

              John F. Kennedy served in the navy in the Pacific, where he rose to the rank of lieutenant. The torpedo boat, commanded by Kennedy, was rammed by a Japanese destroyer on August 2, 1943. The boat was cut in half, but 11 people, led by the commander, escaped and reached the island, bringing the wounded with them.
              John was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal and Purple Heart for being wounded in action.



              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 3 March 2021 22: 04
                +2
                Quite right, confused with Bush Sr. hi
            3. Catfish
              Catfish 3 March 2021 22: 15
              +1
              His government was mockingly called the "Government of Lieutenants", John brought all his friends in the navy there.
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 4 March 2021 07: 46
                +1
                This is more of a plus than a minus to him))
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 4 March 2021 08: 42
                  0
                  Of course! And with its own, it is somehow more reliable, "front spike". smile
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 4 March 2021 08: 58
                    +1
                    Quote: Sea Cat
                    Of course! And with its own, it is somehow more reliable, "front spike". smile

                    There are still private companies in Israel, incl. in the field of IT, where the general is the former com-part, the letekhi are the heads of departments and the person of third-party promotion does not particularly shine there
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 4 March 2021 09: 25
                      0
                      In Ryazan, in one of the markets, a private security company is commanded by a former colonel of the Airborne Forces, so he recruited one former paratrooper. I have a friend there who "works" - the boys live well. laughing
            4. Catfish
              Catfish 3 March 2021 22: 27
              +2
              The Japanese destroyer "Amagiri" that rammed Kennedy's boat and the layout of this moment of the battle.




              Lieutenant Commander Kohei Hanami, who commanded the Amagiri that night, attended President Kennedy's 1961 inauguration.
          2. Korsar4
            Korsar4 3 March 2021 21: 53
            +3
            And also made a certain contribution to the rich life of Jacqueline.
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 3 March 2021 22: 04
              +4
              Quote: Korsar4
              And also made a certain contribution to the rich life of Jacqueline.

              Along with Onasis))
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 3 March 2021 22: 13
                +2
                Well, Aristotle could hardly add anything new to what she already knew, and indeed he could at all ...
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 4 March 2021 07: 44
                  +1
                  Could maintain the same standard of living at a more mature age for a lady)).
              2. Liam
                Liam 3 March 2021 22: 31
                0
                )))
                Seeking out the motives of the president's popularity through the prism of discussing his personal relations with his wife is a serious political science, of course. It is more important than any social, educational, space, foreign policy, etc. programs. In short, everything that not so advanced people call foreign and domestic politics on the basis of which voters make up your opinion about the president.
                The result of such political science exercises is the sincere bewilderment of the same author below ... but why is Kennedy so popular, what fools are the American inhabitants ...
                Doubts that he understands American politics as thoroughly as he does the American mafia, namely at the level of a musical in a cabaret, they do not even visit his bright head and immediately issued an categorical maxim without leaving the box office
              3. Korsar4
                Korsar4 3 March 2021 22: 52
                +2
                “After all, we brought up, without false modesty
                We have the heir to Onassis ”(c).
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 3 March 2021 22: 08
              +2
              Good evening, Sergey! hi

              Jacqueline did not hear anything about the "rich" life path. Anything funny? wink
              1. Korsar4
                Korsar4 3 March 2021 23: 05
                +3
                She put the White House in good order. I even got to the rose garden.
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 3 March 2021 23: 26
                  +3
                  Wow, but could it be on a typewriter too?

                  1. Korsar4
                    Korsar4 4 March 2021 06: 23
                    +3
                    Now I wondered who is more popular?
                    However, even without Uncle Fyodor, Matroskin did not disappear.
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 4 March 2021 08: 45
                      +2
                      Yes ... We all know Matroskin, but as for Jacqueline, that's a question.
                      1. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 4 March 2021 08: 57
                        +3
                        "We have such roads in winter that driving academics meet" (c).
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 4 March 2021 09: 22
                        +1
                        That's for sure, we don't have them here (roads) at all - it's covered in nafig.
                      3. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 4 March 2021 14: 21
                        +2
                        But many people are beginning to recognize Matroskin with the help of packaging of dairy products.
                      4. Catfish
                        Catfish 5 March 2021 00: 37
                        0
                        In the fridge there are milk and sour cream with this legendary physiognomy.
                      5. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 5 March 2021 06: 31
                        +1
                        Because “Working together for my benefit unites” (c).
                      6. Catfish
                        Catfish 5 March 2021 06: 34
                        +2
                        An indisputable truth! drinks
        3. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 4 March 2021 07: 45
          +3
          Quote: Sea Cat
          Wow, but could it be on a typewriter too?


          Are you talking about what she had to scribble?
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 4 March 2021 08: 56
            +2
            "Shalunishka" (c).
  • Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 3 March 2021 10: 43
    +8
    Yes, in fact, the society in which the bandits are heroized does not seem very healthy to me. At one time, we also liked to shoot about these ... heroes. I can only name offhand about half a dozen TV shows where the main protagonists are criminals. By the way, I haven't watched one, except perhaps the "Brigade". Especially I was killed at one time by the series about Lyonka Panteleev ...
    And Kennedy ... what Kennedy? A very controversial figure, as for me. I would not undertake to evaluate it.
    1. VLR
      3 March 2021 15: 59
      +6
      By the way, Kennedy has this "aphorism":
      "The more stupid I do, the more popular I get."
      On the one hand, it is self-critical, on the other hand, it shows the level of American ordinary people.
      1. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master 3 March 2021 16: 24
        +7
        Yes ...
        Rather, even the level of the average man in general. The psychology of society is not my strong point at all ... Probably, there are a lot of studies in which it is clearly laid out how and why such Kennedy (or Putin) suddenly pop out like the devil out of a snuffbox and change the world around them, causing the delight of others.
        1. Korsar4
          Korsar4 3 March 2021 21: 54
          +3
          The behavior of the fish came to mind.
          But for some reason I don't want to comment in detail here.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 4 March 2021 08: 43
            0
            Will the fish be offended? laughing
            1. Korsar4
              Korsar4 4 March 2021 08: 55
              +2
              Nothing. Their memory is short: 3 seconds.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 4 March 2021 09: 21
                0
                You will be jealous. request
  • Alien From
    Alien From 3 March 2021 18: 54
    +4
    Gorgeous cycle of articles! I sincerely thank the author hi
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 4 March 2021 09: 29
    -2
    Valery, hello. I have always said and say that you and Vyacheslav Olegovich are the best authors of the site, but all these "got" me a little: Castelo, Bonanno, Lucchez. Not a single positive one, but the soul asks for something sublime
    R.
    S
    I really hope that you will "free yourself" from the mafia bonds and bright pages or, something historical and cognitive, will appear.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 4 March 2021 10: 28
      +2
      Valery's right to write on interesting / and not only to him, I note / topics, as well as your right. Read, do not read.
      Sorry Vera, one * minus * from me.
      1. Astra wild2
        Astra wild2 4 March 2021 11: 04
        +1
        Thank you for your frankness
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 4 March 2021 15: 19
        +1
        In some ways, Astra is right: both Bonnano and Castello and the rest. "Dons" are just as similar to the boys from the church choir as a rattle for fish, not specifically talking about Astra, but they think of themselves differently
    2. Korsar4
      Korsar4 4 March 2021 18: 51
      +2
      “Either I want music and flowers, or I want to kill someone” (c).
      1. Astra wild2
        Astra wild2 4 March 2021 19: 48
        +2
        Corsair, I love flowers and music, but not bloodthirsty enough to slaughter someone. So this is not a trade
        1. Korsar4
          Korsar4 4 March 2021 19: 50
          +2
          In the royal skin, if you visit, quickly master.