Military Review

Russia’s buffer zone of containment: NATO activates in the Black Sea

26

Strategic region



The growing tension in the Black Sea since the beginning of February was facilitated by the statement of NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg:

“NATO is strengthening its presence in the Black Sea, in the last three weeks alone, three ships of the US Navy have been in the Black Sea. Including there were exercises with the Ukrainian Navy. Thus, NATO has strengthened its presence in the Black Sea, attaches strategic importance to this region. "

The statement was made in Kiev during a meeting with Ukrainian Prime Minister Denis Shmygal. In the complementary part of the report, Stoltenberg mentioned that all this is associated with the "annexation of Crimea" and the strengthening of the Russian Black Sea fleet... The Ukrainian political establishment was ready to give a standing ovation to such rhetoric.

Russia’s buffer zone of containment: NATO activates in the Black Sea

In confirmation of the words of the Secretary General, the military leadership of NATO on February 9 organized small maneuvers in the Black Sea waters. According to the scenario, a submarine (obviously Russian) was searched for by the forces of two destroyers USS Porter and USS Donald Cook, a Boeing P-8 Poseidon naval patrol aircraft and two F-16 fighters. The American group was assisted by the Turkish frigates Aruj-Reis and Turgut-Reis. Previously, US destroyers conducted similar exercises with the Ukrainian Navy. Kiev is very impressed by NATO's interest in expanding its military presence in the Black Sea. This year, eight exercises are planned with the involvement of eleven thousand foreign military personnel. It comes to the point that Kiev politicians are ready to provide NATO members with airspace for military operations in the sky. The most interesting thing is that the Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure Vladislav Krykliy proposes to "allow" foreign military aviation operate over the Crimean Peninsula. Phantom pains, apparently, still do not let go of overly zealous political activists. So far, Ukraine is opening airspace for NATO equipment sporadically, but the trend may be threatening for Russia. In September 2020, Kiev for the first time allowed B-52H Stratofortress strategic bombers into its territory. Three aircraft potentially equipped with a nuclear weapons, circled over the regions bordering with Russia for several hours. A year earlier, during a regular exercise, two B-52Hs took off from an airfield in Great Britain, flew over Europe and from the Black Sea inflicted a conditional nuclear strike on Crimea. In recent months, reconnaissance unmanned and manned aircraft of NATO countries have increased their activity by 40-60% near the Black Sea borders of Russia.


At the same time, there is no reason to assert that the Russian military presence is somehow capable of provoking the NATO command. If we talk about Crimea, then there really is a lot of modern military equipment, but it is intended solely for defense. Complexes S-300 and S-400 from the 31st Air Defense Division, "Bali" and "Bastions" of the 22nd Army Corps, together with an aviation group of fighters, bombers and attack aircraft - this is practically all that Russia can actually respond to aggression in Crimea. The Black Sea Fleet itself, represented mainly by missile boats, diesel-electric Varshavyanka, three frigates and one missile cruiser, does not at all resemble a formidable invasion force. The main task of the compound is to cover the territorial waters from uninvited guests. For comparison, the potential of the Turkish naval forces is many times greater than the capabilities of the Black Sea Fleet. And if you add the forces of Romania, Bulgaria and, ultimately, Georgia and Ukraine, it turns out that Russia has no chance in a hypothetical war with the use of conventional weapons. And this is without taking into account the capabilities of the US Sixth Fleet, which has jurisdiction over the Black Sea. So what kind of containment of Moscow in the Black Sea region was Stoltenberg talking about? What is the purpose of creating a "defensive buffer" off the coast of Russia by the bosses of the North Atlantic Alliance?

Just another aggression


The Black Sea is a real gem in the plans of any political and military strategist. Trade and transport routes from East to West and from South to North Europe run along the sea, and control over them is a priority for NATO. To understand what is happening now with the Black Sea region, it is worth recalling the events of many years ago. In June 2008, at the NATO summit in Bucharest, the Black Sea was nearly turned into an inland water body of the Alliance. Not without efforts from Russia, Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia and Azerbaijan abandoned plans to join NATO. Well, Georgia was simply not accepted into the military alliance. At that time, the American plans to expand the alliance to the east contradicted the position of the European powers that were not interested in provoking Moscow. By the way, Washington increased its military influence in the early 2000s, when the Russian military presence was minimal. Then they solemnly accepted Romania and Bulgaria into NATO, having received the western coast of the Black Sea at their disposal. Since 2014, Russia has partially regained its positions in the region, which were catastrophically lost in the 90s. But this happened after the full-scale spread of NATO across the countries surrounding the Black Sea. The reaction of the American-European military was followed with some delay - in 2016 and 2018, at the NATO summits, the Black Sea space became a strategic priority. Ukraine and Georgia were named as the main partners in this stories, but in reality Kiev and Tbilisi found themselves in vassal dependence on the political whims of Brussels and Washington. Over the course of a couple of years, NATO has formed an adapted military presence in the forward area in the Black Sea region, which includes the deployment of a multinational framework brigade of Romania, bringing to full readiness of the regional center of the South alliance in Naples and taking a number of measures to strengthen and expand the activity of the alliance forces in the military -Air and naval spheres. The Romanians have kindly agreed to the construction of an American missile defense system base at their home. In the Nikolaev region of Ukraine in Ochakov, the "Marine Operations Center" is being built since 2017. According to media reports,

"The US has funded the strengthening and modernization of existing piers, the construction of a new floating dock, fences around the base, ship repair facilities, and a couple of brand new maritime operations centers from which Ukrainian and NATO forces can be deployed to exercise and coordinate."

Simply put, another NATO base has been created near the borders of Russia. Georgia also cannot stay away from the US military preparations. US $ 2,5 billion is promised to be invested in the port of Anaklia.


Anaklia port reconstruction project.

According to the general reconstruction project,

“The port of Anaklia should become the deepest harbor in Georgia (up to 20,5 m at the edge of the berth). In the operating ports, this figure is much lower: in Batumi - 14 m, in Poti - 8,5 m. The new port will occupy an area of ​​400 hectares and will be able to receive vessels of the Panamax and Post-Panamax class. 32 berths with a total length of 12,3 km will be built in Anaklia. By the middle of the XXI century, the port's throughput capacity will reach 100 million tons of cargo per year. "

Potentially, the new Anaklia will be capable of receiving American attack aircraft carriers. Even if the number does not work with the aircraft carrier, Georgia is already hastily preparing a large airfield for NATO strategic aviation with American money.

Obviously, after a short period of complacency, the United States and NATO have realized the considerable potential of Russia in many key areas. The return of Crimea and the successful operation in Syria served this. Under the creation of mythical buffer zones in the Black Sea or in the Arctic region, NATO members mask aggression and actual interference in Russia's sphere of interests. If earlier the threats coming from Brussels and Washington could be considered as hypothetical, now they are more and more like real. The only question is, how will Russia protect its national interests in the region?
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  1. nikvic46
    nikvic46 27 February 2021 06: 51
    +6
    In the 60s, American warships also entered the Black Sea. But they were lonely. Our naval flotilla, which was in the Mediterranean Sea, prevented them from striving into the Black Sea. The rivalry was mainly in this region. Now many criticize the Soviet policy for the Warsaw Pact. And now the countries that were part of it are up in arms against us. But do not fall into despondency. What we have. As they say, what we have, so we beat.
    1. dSK
      dSK 27 February 2021 09: 08
      +6
      Not without efforts from Russia, Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia and Azerbaijan abandoned plans to join NATO.
      The main reason for this is the change in NATO strategy. According to its charter, the block is obliged to protect its attacked members.
      Now the States are creating a controlled bloc: "Georgia - Ukraine - Moldova". Countries that "lost" their territory as a result of Russia's "actions" are easier to incite against it and remain "on the sidelines" themselves.
      1. dSK
        dSK 27 February 2021 09: 24
        +2
        NATO will no longer officially accept new members, this is unprofitable and greatly annoys Russia. States use bilateral treaties and the creation of their bases to "control" the countries surrounding our country.
        They have already firmly established themselves in Ukraine and Georgia. NATO "enters" Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan through Turkey. There is no gas, no oil, no strategic straits in Armenia - there one "bloated" embassy will replace the base.
        "Bribery and blackmail" with an unlimited printing press does their job.
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 27 February 2021 06: 54
    +4
    how will Russia defend its national interests in the region?
    North, West, South, Far East - overlaid! Not happy about it ...
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 27 February 2021 09: 29
      -8
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      North, West, South, Far East - overlaid! Not happy about it ...

      So they will soon overstrain. They have problems all over the world.
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 27 February 2021 10: 37
        +2
        Quote: Boris55
        will overstrain soon

        I will only be happy!
        PS I remembered anecdote
        A message comes from the shores of the Black Sea - a stub of the Belomor was found.
        A message comes from the shores of the White Sea - a stub of the White Sea has been found.
        A message comes from the shores of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk - a stub of the Belomor was found.
        A message comes from the shores of the Baltic Sea - a stub of the Belomor was found.
        Major Pronin is calling a meeting ... - Comrades, the circle is narrowing, we will take it! good
    2. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 27 February 2021 15: 43
      +3
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      North, West, South, Far East - overlaid! Not happy about it ..
      yeah ... they overlaid our Union ... shrank like a cap in his hand ... crying
    3. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 28 February 2021 15: 36
      +3
      The only question is, how will Russia protect its national interests in the region?

      I am only interested in one question:
      "Does the Russian government (specific people and officials exposed by the government) prioritize the state (national) interests or the interests of billionaires, which has grown by 29%?"
      Throwing hats over a potential enemy, as the operational situation in Syria and other regions shows, is not handy. There are not enough hats here, and for some reason the number of "potential partners" has increased
      Personally, I don't give a damn about whose hands NATO (we mean the United States) will try to do away with Russia. topical question: "What exactly and how many members and circles of NATO will become the bones of a retaliatory (preventive) nuclear strike?"
      Quote: Boris55
      So they will soon overstrain. They have problems all over the world.

      So far, Russia has problems. Moreover, in most regions of the world. Even former reliable partners are worried about something. Again (suddenly get out of there):

      However, who am I telling. Maybe you can tell me where Russian officials were greeted as dear guests?
  3. Vadim Ananyin
    Vadim Ananyin 27 February 2021 10: 39
    +2
    That's right, they are preparing for a war with us, the former republics will go forward and then they will catch up. This all happened in the 20th century and earlier, there is no one in the world to plunder, and our land is a cherished dream for them, otherwise they are bent over from lack of resources.
    1. RMT
      RMT 27 February 2021 18: 14
      +3
      bent from lack of resources,
      Name a couple of examples when they wanted to buy some resources for money from the Russian Federation and were refused. Everything is for sale without robbery
  4. 1536
    1536 27 February 2021 11: 25
    +1
    They gave an answer to the impudent Euro-starter who came to Moscow to teach everyone the wisdom. But this is all in words. And here it is, the European squadron, supported from the shore by "allies" bought on the vine and just pirates operating under the control of the same British crown, is found in the Black Sea. And how can they all be rebuffed if problems arise with shipping, fishing, or if there is a threat to the Black Sea Fleet and the Russian coast, primarily Crimea? Probably, the MO has a plan for this case, but first they have to back up and attack like a Euro-grandfather. So you have to understand?
  5. Nyrobsky
    Nyrobsky 27 February 2021 11: 49
    +4
    Mattresses are hard on adventure for their ass. They climb into the South China Sea - they are "threatened" by China. They climb into the Black Sea - they are "threatened" by Russia. They climb into the Persian Gulf - they are "threatened" by Iran. They would sit behind a puddle and no one would threaten them.
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 28 February 2021 15: 41
      0
      Quote: Nyrobsky
      They would sit behind a puddle and no one would threaten them.

      In order for them to sit behind a puddle, you must at least in your own hemisphere (Eastern) deal with them like locusts. Otherwise, they behave as if they alone write laws for the world community. Wherever you spit, everywhere their interests, or the remnants of the meal and digestive processes. Then it's time to decide on Russia's interests in the international arena.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 28 February 2021 16: 58
        0
        Quote: ROSS 42
        Then it's time to decide on Russia's interests in the international arena.

        It looks like you have already identified them. hi -
        you must at least in your own hemisphere (Eastern) deal with them like locusts. Otherwise, they behave as if they alone write laws for the world community.
  6. iouris
    iouris 27 February 2021 11: 56
    0
    That's right, they are activated. Inside and outside. They have a plan: they are going to establish their own regime.
  7. prior
    prior 27 February 2021 12: 12
    0
    Militarily, Crimea is an incurable "hemorrhoid" for NATO's eastern wing.
    And no "candles" in the form of additional ports, frigates and strategic bombers will cure it.
  8. krops777
    krops777 27 February 2021 12: 12
    -3
    For comparison, the potential of the Turkish naval forces is many times greater than the capabilities of the Black Sea Fleet.


    Oh well, I strongly disagree about what the Turkish fleet is like. A Varji has a very detailed analysis on his YouTube channel "Alternative".
  9. Victorio
    Victorio 27 February 2021 13: 58
    0
    “The port of Anaklia should become the deepest harbor in Georgia (up to 20,5 m at the edge of the berth).
    ===
    wow, will they deepen, or has nature tried?
  10. Saxahorse
    Saxahorse 27 February 2021 19: 31
    0
    Ehh .. A couple of Svetlana in the Black Sea Fleet today is clearly not enough. For a gentle welcome of guests with an armored side.
  11. Dmitry K
    Dmitry K 27 February 2021 21: 44
    +6
    We have the most important weapon, this is the Aurus limousine. We don't need frigates, destroyers. We are immortals. Unfortunately, the Turks have a fleet many times larger than ours. What a disgrace. We really have nothing to answer. Chinese type 054A missile frigate. So the series of these frigates is more than 30 pennants. We have frigate 22350 2 units. All this will end very badly.
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 28 February 2021 16: 00
      -1
      Quote: Dmitry K
      Our main weapon is the Aurus limousine. We don't need frigates, destroyers. We are immortals. Unfortunately, the Turks have a fleet many times larger than ours. What a disgrace. We really have nothing to answer.

      I will give you one story and you yourself will decide which is stronger than an aircraft carrier or a lighthouse, a fleet or a peninsula:

      The Black Sea is not created for modern battles, and from the Crimea, the entire water area is completely shot through. But the point is not even this, but the fact that Russia is in such a position (why - it is not known) that they want to be friends with us only for money, they will fight with someone else's hands on the sly and constantly put pressure on the economy, hindering the advancement of new technologies to Russia. And our system (economic) has gone crazy to such an extent that neither the poverty of millions, nor free expression of opinion, nor national priorities and interests, nor the ways of economic development in the country are of interest even to our government. This is evidenced by the increasing from year to year imports of the same palm oil "healthy for the health of citizens":
      1. Dmitry K
        Dmitry K 1 March 2021 01: 33
        +2
        We are under "external control," is the answer. Our entire economy is concentrated in "offshore zones". The central bank is not subordinate to anyone in "Russia". From this and the consequences.
        1. Ross xnumx
          Ross xnumx 1 March 2021 10: 17
          0
          Quote: Dmitry K
          We are under "external control," is the answer. Our entire economy is concentrated in "offshore zones"... The central bank is not subordinate to anyone in "Russia". From this and the consequences.

          There is some truth in this ... yes
  12. Old26
    Old26 1 March 2021 01: 58
    0
    Quote: nikvic46
    In the 60s, American warships also entered the Black Sea. But they were lonely. Our naval flotilla, which was in the Mediterranean Sea, prevented them from striving into the Black Sea. The rivalry was mainly in this region. Now many criticize the Soviet policy for the Warsaw Pact. And now the countries that were part of it are up in arms against us. But do not fall into despondency. What we have. As they say, what we have, so we beat.

    This is not entirely true. There were just fewer visits by foreign warships. As for the Americans, they were by no means loners. For 10 years from 1960 to 1969, there were a total of 49 calls, of which 34 were American ships (i.e. 69,4% of the ships were American). There were years when all calls were American calls (in 1960, 1961 and 1968, out of 4 calls - all 4 were US ships). In 1969 out of 9 - 8 were Americans. In other years - in different ways, but not less than 40%
  13. VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK 2 March 2021 07: 24
    0
    Yes, the word garlic, I want to mine all these straits!
  14. Dwarfking
    Dwarfking 4 March 2021 14: 34
    0
    "attaches strategic importance to this region." Is this translation or is there a problem with literacy?