Military Review

Soviet artillerymen decided to heat the charges: on the battles of the 1950s for islands in the Taiwan Strait

30

In the 50s of the last century, the first acute phase of the conflict between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) began. In August 1954, Beijing began to talk about the need to liberate Taiwan, as well as the islands that are in the Taiwan Strait. At that time, there was a military contingent of the Republic of China on the islands, which was not recognized by the official authorities of the PRC.


In January 1955, Chinese bombers attacked the Dachen and Yijiangshan Islands, where the enemy's artillery positions and command posts were located. Then Soviet military advisers helped to prepare the operation on the islands. The USSR got involved after the capture of the Soviet tanker Tuapse by Taiwanese troops.

In 1958, a new phase of the conflict began. At the same time, the United States tried with all its might to show China its readiness to intervene in the conflict in such a way that it is the PRC that will suffer first of all. It came to open threats to tactical nuclear weapons.

The year is 1958. Soviet artillery - the artillery of a country that at that time was a military ally of China - was stationed on the mainland coast of the Taiwan Strait. Artillery held back Taiwanese warships, which repeatedly tried to approach the coast of the PRC. In turn, the Taiwanese army decided to use 203-mm long-range guns. The "Soviet-Chinese" forces had at their disposal the 130-mm M-46 cannons manufactured by the factory # 172. As a result, it turned out that the Taiwanese side has an advantage. The shells fired from Soviet cannons did not reach the enemy positions for about 3 km. I had to go for a trick. They decided to ... heat up the charges.

Before use, the Soviet artillerymen warmed up the charges. So what happened in the end?

This is described in the material of the channel "Truth of Life":

30 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. mark1
    mark1 25 February 2021 14: 12
    +7
    Probably not the shells were heating but the charges ...
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. figwam
        figwam 25 February 2021 14: 52
        +1
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        Probably not the shells warmed up and the charges.

        Gunpowder was heated and dried
        1. Mavrikiy
          Mavrikiy 25 February 2021 15: 16
          0
          [quote =Mavrikiy] Probably not the shells, but the charges. [/ Quote]
          Quote: figvam
          Gunpowder was heated and dried

          The quote is not mine, sort it out .... request Watch the movie, the charges warmed up to 42 degrees. Wet gunpowder? Doubtful. Although the charge drying procedures are provided in the manuals, they are not amazing!
          1. figwam
            figwam 25 February 2021 15: 47
            0
            Quote: Mavrikiy
            Watch the movie, the charges warmed up to 42 degrees. Wet gunpowder? Doubtful.

            The charges are composed of gunpowder that has been heated.
        2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Maz
      Maz 26 February 2021 12: 00
      +2
      Bayan of ten years range, in the original source it is much more interesting written and the name of the rationalizer - the Soviet adviser is indicated
      1. Vadim Ananyin
        Vadim Ananyin 27 February 2021 11: 29
        0
        Give me a link if it doesn't bother you! Thank !
  2. Vadim Ananyin
    Vadim Ananyin 25 February 2021 14: 19
    +8
    If so, which is perfectly acceptable, then that advisor was a great specialist.
    Experience and knowledge cannot be spent on drink, so the Soviet school is not the worst and maybe the best in fact.
    1. Titus_2
      Titus_2 26 February 2021 12: 27
      +2
      Now you can add to your phrase .... was the Soviet school, unfortunately, they did not save nifiga.
      1. Vadim Ananyin
        Vadim Ananyin 26 February 2021 12: 30
        +1
        I agree, we have profited a lot, and even in something that is not replenished.
        Which by the way does not please.
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 25 February 2021 14: 20
    +10
    From the words of a comrade:
    At their military department there was a teacher with the rank of lieutenant colonel, an artilleryman. And on some holiday the students saw that he had a "red star" on his uniform!
    The order is fighting! And by years, the teacher at the Second World War is young, and in Afghanistan he is old (everyone did not know about Angola and Korea at that time)
    Let them twist it after the meal. So he told then that he was a participant in those events and, on a dispute (!) With the local command, undertook to hit the ship, which, knowing our performance characteristics, did not come closer than what was allowed. Warmed charges with gunpowder. After the volley, the batteries got hit and the enemy ship "rolled away". And he won the dispute, and received the order.
    For what I bought, for what I sell. I say right away - I have not watched the video.
  4. Svetlana
    Svetlana 25 February 2021 15: 28
    +12
    For those who do not have time to watch the movie:
    Heated up to 43 degrees Celsius, which increased the muzzle velocity of the projectile by 10%.
    At 18:30 on August 23, 1958, when the wind blew in the right direction, a hail of 130-mm shells unexpectedly fell on the chaikanshi positions on the Jinmen Island ("Golden Gate"). Within two hours, 50 thousand of them were produced. The command post, the observatory and almost all the artillery positions were destroyed on the island. 440 soldiers were killed and 1870 were injured, including the future Minister of Defense of Taiwan.

    Source: voenhronika.ru
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 25 February 2021 16: 08
      +6
      Quote: Svetlana
      increased by 10% muzzle projectile speed.
      Initial, no muzzle!
      Within two hours, 50 thousand of them were produced.
      How is it in Russian? Rave. 14 pcs / sec., What is this unit, the brigade? Let 100 barrels, in 2 hours, 500 shots per barrel, the barrels go with a screw. fool
      1. Svetlana
        Svetlana 25 February 2021 16: 10
        0
        Yes, a typo, thanks.
      2. Svetlana
        Svetlana 25 February 2021 20: 02
        0
        I pointed out the source to you. All questions to them.
  5. ccsr
    ccsr 25 February 2021 16: 09
    +4
    Then Soviet military advisers helped to prepare the operation on the islands.

    It is unlikely that any of the VO readers now know that the GRU General Staff at that time formed the 9th special radio engineering detachment OSNAZ to work in Taiwan to assist the PLA in the conduct of hostilities. But there are memories of veterans, which of course are difficult to find, and nevertheless, you can familiarize yourself with them.


    1. Vadim Ananyin
      Vadim Ananyin 26 February 2021 12: 34
      0
      Osnaz helped in many cases, he served in 84-86 years, I honestly did not know that panoramic indicators were already used at that time, thanks!
  6. alien308
    alien308 25 February 2021 16: 16
    +3
    The practice of heating powder charges was widespread during the Great Patriotic War. I read in my memoirs that in winter, in order to defeat the German airfield on an island in the Baltic Sea, charges were heated.
  7. Undecim
    Undecim 25 February 2021 16: 39
    +5
    Any sergeant - gun commander knows about the effect of gunpowder temperature on muzzle velocity.

    This is from the book "The textbook of the sergeant of the missile forces and artillery".
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 25 February 2021 17: 38
      0
      Quote: Undecim
      Any sergeant knows about the effect of gunpowder temperature on muzzle velocity -

      And even a private, if there is a hat on his head (not frostbitten) repeat
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 25 February 2021 18: 21
      +2
      Quote: Undecim
      Any sergeant - gun commander knows about the effect of gunpowder temperature on muzzle velocity.

      I've read a more prosaic version of the 130mm cannon range increase! In that version, the "wind rose" was taken into account! To put it simply and briefly, the shells flew with a "tailwind"!
      1. mr.ZinGer
        mr.ZinGer 25 February 2021 19: 13
        -4
        Physics is not as friendly as it is, take into account the tailwind when flying the projectile to increase the range ...
        1. mr.ZinGer
          mr.ZinGer 25 February 2021 19: 21
          -3
          Who put a minus, maybe with a pencil and paper prove that I'm wrong ?!
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 25 February 2021 22: 53
            +8
            You can prove without a pencil that you wrote nonsense.
            1. mr.ZinGer
              mr.ZinGer 26 February 2021 07: 01
              -1
              I agree with the wind.
              Got excited.
              But use its factor to increase the range ...
          2. Mavrikiy
            Mavrikiy 26 February 2021 09: 57
            +2
            Quote: mr.ZinGer
            Who put a minus, maybe with a pencil and paper prove that I'm wrong ?!

            I didn’t put but added. And to prove .... Will the exam allow you to understand?
            The muzzle velocity of the projectile is 930 m / s. in flight it falls, rubbing against the air, guess? Average speed 560 m / s (INET for help. An example is given at (initial speed over 500 m / s - average speed 300 m / s) +/- bast shoe (dad used to say: "do not shoot"). We shoot at a distance of 26 m , barrel rise to 500 degrees, projectile flight trajectory is hyperbole, hence the path flown by the projectile, let it be 45 m (or even more), and its flight time: 30/000 = 30000 s. In the strait, the wind speed is 560-54 m / s, weak breeze. 10 x 12 = 11 m. Of the required 54-594 km, we have a 2-3% increase. Knowledge, and not "how is it, some kind of wind and a shell from a cannon." fool
            1. mr.ZinGer
              mr.ZinGer 26 February 2021 13: 12
              0
              Come on, you exaggerate over EG that he said stupidity, admitted, but you do not correctly explain the essence of the increase in the range, it is not a tailwind that drives the projectile, but a decrease in the friction force of the projectile against the air, due to a smaller difference in speed.
        2. Mavrikiy
          Mavrikiy 26 February 2021 08: 38
          +1
          Quote: mr.ZinGer
          Physics is not as friendly as it is, take into account the tailwind when flying the projectile to increase the range ...

          Do you understand the origin of your aggressive rhetoric, USE? I passed it with physics on you. And if not in the army, why so far, I was not there either, but I studied military science. And the influence of the direction and speed of the wind on the accuracy of shooting I have, as well as any adequate "defender of the fatherland", although I probably got excited, rather "Soviet". Read carefully, "" Physicist's friend ":
          1. The meteorological post of the artillery battalion is intended
          for an approximate determination of the meteorological conditions of shooting in
          cases when the "Meteo Medium" bulletin is more than 3 hours old or the bulletin is missing.
          2. The meteorological post determines the meteorological conditions of firing by measuring ground values ​​of atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind speed and direction (the speed and direction of the average wind in a layer of 200 m) and the compilation of approximate bulletins "Meteo Medium".

          Based on the meteorological data, shooting corrections are calculated and assigned.
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 25 February 2021 17: 44
    +2
    One of the amendments that the gunner TXNUMX takes into account is the charge temperature.
  9. mr.ZinGer
    mr.ZinGer 25 February 2021 19: 04
    0
    What nonsense, watch the video again ..
    Chukchi is not a spectator, a Chukchi reader !!!
    1. Alien From
      Alien From 25 February 2021 23: 14
      +3
      I join you! I hate videos!) Just read!