Military Review

We keep our finger on the pulse. In Sochi, the issue of the new Constitution of Syria is being resolved

66

A source: Anadolu Agency


"Astana format" as a necessity


For a long time, the international community failed to interrupt the bloodshed on Syrian soil. The attempts of the United Nations, which, it would seem, should first of all, take effective collective measures to de-escalate the conflict, turned out in vain. Later, there was a Geneva format, to which the Europeans invited representatives of terrorist organizations, which caused a natural negative reaction from Russia. When outspoken thugs participate in the negotiations, it is very difficult to find a compromise and the Geneva format eventually stalled. In addition, American and European diplomats tried in every possible way to act according to the old scheme, entering into dialogue with the “governments in exile” in Istanbul, Riyadh, Europe and the United States. The conversation was conducted at best with immigrants who did not have real support at home. In the worst case, they tried to establish a dialogue with foreign emissaries of terrorist groups. The only way out was an attempt to bring the current government and opposition representatives to the negotiating table. Let us emphasize that it is the opposition, not the terrorists, as Western partners have repeatedly tried to do.


Photo: Foreign and Commonwealth Office / flickr.com

Countries of the "Astana format" Russia, Turkey and Iran, according to one of its initiators, Sergei Lavrov
“Organized a format in which the government and the opposition, who fought against it with weapons in hand. This is how we managed to hold the Congress of the Syrian National Dialogue, to convene the Constitutional Committee, and this is how the ceasefire was established in a significant part of Syria. "
Since the end of 2016, by joint efforts, it has been possible to reduce the degree of hostilities, exchange prisoners, organize the supply of humanitarian aid and search for the missing. In many ways, it was the “Astana format” that made it possible to preserve the territorial integrity of Syria, torn apart in parts by external and internal forces.
From the very first meeting of the peacekeeping troika of Russia, Turkey and Iran in Astana, the question of the future Constitution of Syria was raised. The draft of the new basic law of the country was presented to opposition representatives on January 24, 2017. A few months later, in May, the first successes were achieved - a Memorandum was signed on the creation of "four security zones" (de-escalation), the formation of corridors for humanitarian aid and a ban on the use of any weapons within these territories.
The return of refugees to their territories is currently a serious problem. According to the estimates of the Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Vasily Nebenz, more than 1,5 million people have returned to Syria, but about 6,5 million are forced to hide in Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Lebanon and other countries. Such a huge number of working hands will be very useful in restoring a country plunged into devastation in fact during the Middle Ages. This, incidentally, is in the interests of states that are forced to bear the burden of social security for refugee camps and maintaining order. But people will return only to a peaceful Syria, which is impossible without a unified Constitution that satisfies the interests of both the ruling Alawite minority and the opposition, consisting of the Sunni majority.

Difficult settlement path


The situation around the “Astana format” is complicated by its versatility. On the territory of the country, in fact, in the status of occupation forces, considerable forces of the United States are based, ensuring the uncontrolled pumping of Syrian oil. The Americans are trying in every possible way to abstract themselves from the peace process, prioritizing the immediate removal of Bashar al-Assad from power. The delegation from Washington did not come to the meeting in Sochi even in observer status, although diplomats from the United States were present at the early meetings of the "Astana format". This clearly shows the strategy of behavior of the new owner of the White House, Joe Biden, who intends to support any forces in the region, except for the recognized opposition and the legitimate authority of Assad. At the same time, no one in the UN is particularly embarrassed by the fact that the United States tramples on all norms of international law, even by its presence on the territory of sovereign Syria. At the same time, there is a possibility of further expansion of the American military presence in the region. Federation Council member Alexei Pushkov commented on the possible future:
“I think the Biden administration will continue to maintain and even increase the military presence in Syria. And hardly any agreements between Russia and the USA are possible here. "
Analyst Yuri Lyamin echoes the parliamentarian:
“The situation in Syria, for example, is not so easy, and the conflict can break out at any moment, and the Americans can easily take advantage of this. Therefore, one should not rule out another round of armed confrontation with the militants in the summer or autumn. "


We keep our finger on the pulse. In Sochi, the issue of the new Constitution of Syria is being resolved

Within the troika of peacekeepers, not everything is all right either. Turkey, which sometimes balances with its main partner - Russia, almost on the brink of war, actively opposes the Kurds, and in general is very critical against Damascus. At the same time, the Constitutional Committee will have to take into account the opinion of the Syrian Kurds, as one of the most important fighters against terrorism in the region. This, of course, will be opposed in every possible way by Erdogan, who is not interested in creating Kurdish autonomy near his borders. In such a situation, Russian diplomacy cannot be envied - on the one hand, you cannot surrender the Kurds to be devoured by the Turks, and, on the other hand, it is not at all in hand to quarrel with Ankara over this. At the same time, Turkey also has to maneuver. Unlike Vladimir Putin, Recep Erdogan definitely gravitates towards the Syrian opposition and is constantly increasing cooperation in the military and political spheres. Moreover, the Turks sometimes offer cooperation to openly terrorist groups. The example of Khatash, banned in Russia, perfectly illustrates Turkey's ambivalent policy within the framework of the “Astana format”. The terrorist gang for some time refused to have any relations with Turkey and criticized the Ahrar al-Sham and Nur ed-Din Ed-Zenki movements (banned in Russia) for cooperation with Turkey on diplomatic and military issues. Khatash's attitude towards Turkey suddenly changed after the organization openly supported the Turkish armed forces in taking over positions in the north-western regions and establishing checkpoints there.


A source: Anadolu Agency

Russia has to constantly keep its finger on the pulse of the Syrian peace settlement - the situation in the region can change very rapidly. The opposition at the talks is very cautious about the prospects for the fight against terrorists. For many, this means going over to the side of Bashar al-Assad. It seems that the players in the conflict themselves have not completely decided who should be classified as opposition and who should be terrorists.
But all these contradictions are not supplemented by alignments around the new Syrian Constitution. Obviously, feeling support from Russia, official Damascus is in every possible way delaying the approval of the section of the basic law concerning the national principles of the country's structure. At the same time, the opposition, represented by its representative, Ahmed Thom, is verbally ready for a constructive dialogue:
“A statement about the failure of the work of the Constitutional Committee will be a bad outcome for everyone. We intend to continue working and look forward to pressure from the international community on Damascus, especially on Russia's role in this. ”

All this makes the final of the Astana format talks in Sochi rather unpredictable. Even if Damascus will make concessions in the national principles of the Constitution, then for considerable benefits in other areas. It is difficult to predict how much this will suit the opposition and other participants. Only one thing is known - the tightly tied "Syrian knot" is still very far from a peaceful settlement. And this is due to the collision of interests of several world and regional powers at once.
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 18 February 2021 05: 10
    -2
    I do not see in the article a mention of another important player of Israel, who periodically reminds of himself with rocket attacks on Syrian territory.
    1. Cowbra
      Cowbra 18 February 2021 05: 51
      +3
      The whole point is to kick the USA and the satellites out of the process, to which Israel belongs. They are stupidly out of business - and Syria left their influence
      1. dSK
        dSK 18 February 2021 06: 24
        0
        Quote: Cowbra
        to which Israel belongs

        Turkey has not yet bombarded Damascus at night, but Israel does it all the time.
        Divided Germany and Vietnam managed to unite.
        Korea and Ossetia do not yet exist.
        Syria is divided not into two, but into three parts and what will happen to it when Bashar al-Assad sooner or later leaves his post ...
        1. Lipchanin
          Lipchanin 18 February 2021 06: 30
          -8
          Quote: dsk
          and what will happen to her when Bashar al-Assad sooner or later leaves his post ...

          Torn to shreds
          1. Civil
            Civil 18 February 2021 06: 42
            0
            Such a huge number of working hands will be very useful in restoring a country plunged into devastation in fact during the Middle Ages.

            1. Who will pay for the restoration? These are huge amounts.
            2. The main export product is oil. They sell it ... to the damned West. How they cut off all the electrical wires and handed them over to non-ferrous metal ... which was again sold to the damned West.
            3. Kurds from the USA have seized and hold the largest oil fields.
            1. Lipchanin
              Lipchanin 18 February 2021 06: 48
              -7
              Quote: Civil
              1. Who will pay for the restoration?

              Well, where did the states restore something?
              2. The main export product is oil

              Which zashtatniks shamelessly download without paying a cent to the Syrian budget
              How they cut off all the electrical wires and handed them over to ferrous metal ...

              Where and who cut it off? belay
              3. Kurds from the USA have seized and hold the largest oil fields.

              That's what I said about it, rip to shreds
              1. Lipchanin
                Lipchanin 18 February 2021 08: 17
                -9
                Minusyara, at least for whom are you minus, for banderlog, or zashtatnikov?
                Designate the position of anonymous .. oh, anonymous mosquito is a dirty trick fool
        2. Cowbra
          Cowbra 18 February 2021 06: 31
          +1
          What will happen to it - now it will never be decided by the United States or Israel. He can fire even to the point of being blue in the face, but in this region their opinion is also striped - now nobody cares at all)))
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 18 February 2021 06: 50
            -4
            Quote: Cowbra
            but in this region their and striped opinion - now nobody cares at all)))

            But they won't just leave
            Will be dirty to the last
        3. Aleksandr21
          Aleksandr21 18 February 2021 09: 38
          0
          Quote: dsk
          Syria is divided not into two, but into three parts and what will happen to it when Bashar al-Assad sooner or later leaves his post ...


          Apparently, it will remain divided, if Assad leaves in the future, another president will come ... who will rule the territory that is still left. As for the unification of the country .... the prospects are vague, all participants (except Syria) are satisfied with the division of the country into zones of influence. The United States has its own zone of control, Turkey has its own, while we (Russia) seem to support the restoration of Syria within its former borders, but are not ready for a confrontation with the United States / Turkey for the unification of Syria, i.e. we have the Khmeimim airbase, Tartus and, in fact, this is enough for us (there is a presence in the region) + we are trying to achieve a safe zone to preserve a piece of territory under the control of Bashar al-Assad, so that any militants do not threaten our interests and presence in the region, and this is what happens stop...
        4. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 18 February 2021 15: 15
          0
          Quote: dsk
          Syria is divided not into two, but into three parts and what will happen to it when Bashar al-Assad sooner or later leaves his post ...

          In order for these parts to coexist together even after Assad's departure, a new Syrian Constitution is being drawn up, which will be adopted subject to "approval" by all conflicting parties. However, something suggests that while the mattresses are in the region, it will not be possible to achieve universal "approvals", because they are holding the "Kurdish splinter" in their hands.
    2. Profiler
      Profiler 18 February 2021 06: 55
      0
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      I do not see in the article a mention of another important player of Israel, who periodically reminds of himself with rocket attacks on Syrian territory.

      Obviously, there is no Israel because it PLAYER, gambling addiction, this is the vice with which in big politics are not allowed ...
    3. tralflot1832
      tralflot1832 18 February 2021 09: 16
      0
      I support, without Israel and Iran, no matter how. It is necessary to sit them at the negotiating table. USA in a pose.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 18 February 2021 15: 21
        +2
        Quote: tralflot1832
        I support, without Israel and Iran, no matter how.We must put them at the negotiating table.

        It seems so that if there are current mutual "sympathies" between them, this is impossible, because Israel needs the withdrawal of all Iranian forces from Syrian territory and a refusal to support Hezbollah, to which Iran will not agree a priori, that is, the situation is almost a dead end.
        1. tralflot1832
          tralflot1832 18 February 2021 15: 39
          -1
          And for me their conference creates problems with travel to work, this is the first thing. Let's see how the "muhamor" will behave. Some strange silence, the American base in Iraq was fired upon, and Psaka is silent. He, though alive, is humanly worried.
    4. Finches
      Finches 18 February 2021 09: 21
      -2
      At the copper mine, the Russian president's special envoy for Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, said - Russia is open to work with the United States on the Syrian settlement - added after a moment - Moscow does not accept either the US military presence in Syria, which it considers illegal, or the US being engaged in "plundering" of Syria's natural resources. And the United States is not present in various parts of the world for the sake of peace, but precisely for the sake of plundering them, which is why they themselves act extremely aggressively and incite their God-chosen sixes to spoil Syria!
    5. Professor
      Professor 18 February 2021 09: 24
      +2
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      I do not see in the article a mention of another important player of Israel, who periodically reminds of himself with rocket attacks on Syrian territory.

      The internal political structure of Syria is not of interest to Israel. The only thing that matters to us is the absence of terrorists, Shiite or Sunni.
      1. Temples
        Temples 18 February 2021 10: 45
        -2
        Quote: Professor
        The internal political structure of Syria is not of interest to Israel. The only thing that matters to us is ...

        The State of Israel has occupied the lands of Syria.

        This is a fact.
        The rest is verbiage.

        Watch your terrorists in your Israel.

        By launching missile strikes on Syria, you are engaged in terror.

        Terror (lat. Terror "fear, horror") - intimidation of political opponents by means of physical violence. Terror is also called the threat of physical violence for political or any other reasons, or intimidation with the threat of violence or murder.

        This is what you are doing in Syria.
    6. yehat2
      yehat2 18 February 2021 09: 45
      +2
      By the way, this is an important participant, since he is launching missile strikes all over the country with no regard for the legality of these actions.
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 18 February 2021 14: 02
        +1
        Quote: yehat2
        By the way, this is an important participant, since he is launching missile strikes all over the country with no regard for the legality of these actions.

        And what is illegality? The countries are in a state of war declared and started by Syria. Neither the signing of a peace treaty with Israel (as Jordan and Egypt did) nor the surrender of Syria (as in Japan before, including the USSR) followed. What does Assad want in this situation? Calmly place the IRGC and Persian proxies on its territory? laughing
        1. yehat2
          yehat2 18 February 2021 14: 27
          +1
          maybe I'm confusing something, but didn't Israel annex part of Syria, starting an invasion and squeezing 2 cities with territories and an airbase?
          Why are you repeating the crafty Israeli propaganda?
          So why the hell is Israel suddenly waiting for peace offers from Syria?
          Don't you think this is a somewhat strange position?
          Those. Israel attacked and wrestled a piece of Syria, Israel bombed Syria, but only Syria is to blame?
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 18 February 2021 14: 55
            0
            1) In response to the Syrian attack in 1967. After Israel attacked Egypt, blocking its shipping in the Red Sea and pulling troops to the Jewish borders, expelling UN forces, the Syrians opened fire on Israeli collective farms laughing Because this situation lasted 19 years (since 1948) the Jews took the Golan Heights from Syria at the end of the Six Day War
            2) How sly she is? The Arabs started the war and lost the territory - a medical fact. By signing the peace - gaining them again - the example of Egypt and Jordan.
            3) Israel does not expect anything from Syria - to all peace initiatives with the readiness of Assad's territorial concessions - the Pope answered invariably, "Get out of the Golan, then we'll talk."
            4) And what's strange - being a developed country, the winner, located between Japan and Austria on the HDI (2019), should show some kind of initiative in relation to the developing state that has sent him more than once - the aggressor with the legal Nazi party? laughing A little bit of honor to the guys, don't you think? hi
            5) Syria attacked, lost its territory, Syria has on its territory Syria's forces hostile to Israel.

            Py. Sy. Israilovka beauty lepa, white velma and a blush face, scarlet lips, eyebrows allied - what else does Assad need laughing
            1. yehat2
              yehat2 18 February 2021 15: 07
              +3
              Quote: Krasnodar
              1) In response to the Syrian attack in 1967.

              and again you are posting continuous propaganda.
              Can you find out who and where exactly Syria attacked?
              Without generalizations - the place and at least the name of 1 Israelite who saw how hordes of Syrians were approaching across the ISRAELI land? I think you will not answer, because there are no such facts.
              But there is an Israeli landing and other joys in Syrian territory.
              further, your quotes
              Quote: Krasnodar
              Arabs started a war

              Quote: Krasnodar
              Israel attacked Egypt

              how are you with your health? this is called schizophrenia.
              Quote: Krasnodar
              the state - the aggressor with the legal Nazi party

              Nazism is not a crime against Israel. Let them do whatever they want on their territory, in other words you called them Nazis completely in vain. Again, who did Syria attack?
              In fact, Israel attacked.
              Quote: Krasnodar
              Syria attacked, Syria lost its territory, Syria forces hostile to Israel on its territory

              we figured out about the attack - a lie.
              placing hostile forces on YOUR territory is just ridiculous. You repeat Goebbels, who justified the attack of the Reich on the USSR in this way.
              and what do we end up with? where we started. the aggressor is not Syria, but Israel, moreover, arrogant and cynical, professing fascism itself. But if not against the Jews, then is it possible?
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 18 February 2021 15: 47
                +1
                1) That's right, you can.
                On May 14, 1948, Israel declared its independence. Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Transjordan and Iraq have deployed regular troops to Palestine and launched a war against the Jewish armed forces and Israeli settlements. Syrian troops launched an offensive in the area of ​​the southern coast of Lake Kinneret. The offensive was conducted by the forces of the First Infantry Brigade, supported by armored vehicles, including at least 13 Renault R35 tanks [115]. Here, by May 18, they managed to capture the village of Tsemakh and the kibbutz Shaar Ha-Golan, Masada and Dgania, but by early June they had to leave these settlements. By June 10, the Syrians launched an offensive north of Lake Kinneret and, in heavy fighting, captured the kibbutz Mishmar ha-Yarden on the Israeli side of the Jordan River. By June 6, the combined forces of Syrians, Lebanese and Palestinian Arabs regrouped and attacked Malkia, capturing it from the small Jewish garrison. From there they advanced into central Galilee, inhabited primarily by Arabs, and established themselves in the area.

                This is the beginning of aggression. Then they were beaten and thrown back to their original positions.
                Between 1949 and 1967.
                At the end of the war, the Syrians covered the Golan with a network of artillery positions and fortifications for shelling the Jewish settlements of the Upper Galilee and the region of Lake Kinneret, subordinating the entire economy of the region to military needs. As a result of systematic shelling of Israeli territory from these positions, by 1967, 140 Israelis were killed, many were injured

                Six Day War
                The war began on 5.06 at 7.45 am with strikes on Egyptian airfields and positions in Sinai. At first, the Syrians generally pretended that they were not in business, but at 12:00 Nasser's hysterical screams became so unbearable that the Syrians began shelling Israeli territory and raided the border kibbutz with 5 MiG-17s. In the first 4 days of the war, while the Jews dealt with Egypt and pulled up their forces to the north of the country, the fire of the Syrian artillery destroyed 205 houses, 9 chicken coops, 2 tractor parks, 3 clubs, 1 dining room, 6 barns, 30 tractors, 15 cars Losses in people - 2 killed and 16 wounded.
                The Jews regularly intercepted the transmissions of Soviet advisers, demanding that they stop shelling the settlements and start shelling the Israeli army convoys rolling up ...
                .
                As a result, the Israelis took the Golan Heights from the Syrians. An Arab attempt to bring them back in 1973 failed. hi
                Schizophrenia - it seems not, I do not suffer, thank Gd)).
                I did not call the Syrians Nazis - it's just that the second largest party in this country after Baath is the SSNP (Syrian Social-Nationalist Party). Has its own combat battalions, fighting for Assad. Their business, no doubt.
                Link https://www.google.ru/amp/s/m.lenta.ru/articles/2017/03/20/syrian_ns/amp/
                Just what to talk about with such?
                Now tell us - what have you figured out and who is the aggressor? laughing
                1. yehat2
                  yehat2 18 February 2021 16: 04
                  +1
                  Quote: Krasnodar
                  what have you figured out and who is the aggressor

                  let's understand.
                  1. point - the independence of Israel - a very muddy story. It simply cannot be called 100% right. If they proclaimed, then they asked for it. I am not inclined to blame either side and ascribe unambiguously aggressive plans too - the formation of Israel violated what had happened and they wanted to cancel it. Therefore, the cast of 48 years, I consider a mutual fact and do not want to consider. Including how the beginning of the aggression is not good at all - this is a too one-sided description of the situation.
                  2. Has the network of artillery positions managed to kill 10 people in 140 years? Am I alone funny?
                  I did not know this episode at all, but your conclusions are frankly inadequate. Either 1400+ were killed, or there was no network, or the shelling followed the South Ossetian scenario - mutual escalation with armistices and ceasefires. Somewhere you distorted, but I do not know the situation and I cannot say where.
                  3. About the 6 day war. Let's go back to where we started. Israel was the FIRST to attack Egypt. There was a provocation on the water, but this was not the beginning of the war.
                  The Syrians are allies of Egypt. Several days pass - Egypt is very sick. Nasser throws up and throws up. The Syrians, who have a treaty with Egypt and Israel KNOWS about it, that they cannot but interfere, begin to stir. There was a raid and shelling, Israel was waiting for them, and for a long time. Those. the actions of Syria were predetermined by the Israelis themselves, starting to wet the airfields of Egypt. And here you are declaring that it turns out that this is a plan of Syrian aggression against the Israeli nenko? It seems to me alone, or are you still cringing again, because having started a war, Israel automatically declared it to other neighbors? And they turned out to be nifiga not ready for war and Israel easily defeated them. Moreover, one reinforced BATALION was enough for the Syrians.
                  Was it such a super-aggressive Syrian army that its battalion rolled out as it wanted?
                  Again, your picture of the world is just spreading.
                  in general, on points 1, 3, I spoke and my opinion about the 6-day war will not change because of them, and I will study the second - I do not know this episode.
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 18 February 2021 17: 05
                    0
                    1) I apologize wildly - whether you agree or not, but the fact of Syria's aggression against Israel was laughing How do you perceive this is another question. This can be interpreted according to Kant, it is possible according to Harari, but in fact, five countries attacked the territory of another with their own armed forces. And among these countries was Syria. fellow
                    2) Why were only 140 people killed? A few reasons:
                    a) Massive shelling immediately caused the rise of Israeli aviation - for example, on April 7, 1967, after the shelling of Israeli settlements and border posts, air battles began between Jews and Arabs, as a result of which the Syrians lost 6 MiGs, incl. 21st. The price was too high for the shooting of the peaceful man.
                    b) Let's just say - it is similar to the South Ossetian events, only the escalation was mainly from Syria - with their constant palace coups, it was necessary to show the population the determination of the next ruling elite to hold a 1948-49 revanchism match against the Jews.
                    c) Bomb shelters in each settlement, quick reaction of those accustomed to shelling
                    people, armored tractors, etc.
                    3) The Syrians were warned a day before the war (as well as the Jordanians) - do not twitch, if nothing happens to you. Taki twitched. Who is to blame?
                    Further, the Syrians began to shoot in four hours, and not in a few days. Did I write something about Syria's plans? laughing There were two of them:
                    a) start a full-fledged offensive
                    b) quickly withdraw tanks and infantry to Damascus
                    We decided cheto average - to wait, who takes up (Egyptians or Jews) and act according to the situation. In the meantime, shoot at the peaceful people, showing Nasser his participation in the common Arab cause. After that, Heil Avir struck at the airfields of Syria (90% of the Yok aviation). And then one regiment began to act according to plan a - an attack of an infantry battalion reinforced by tanks began on Israeli territory (they were destroyed from the air). The rest, under the cover of artillery, gradually began to retreat to Damascus.
                    Reinforced Jewish battalion? laughing The assault began in the last two days of the war.
                    The Golan Heights were taken by tank and four infantry brigades, losing 150 men and 160 damaged tanks (16 irrevocably). About 40% of the losses - officers (traditionally ahead) The Arabs fled stupidly without air cover, however, in some places they offered themselves quite adequate resistance. In the southern part of the heights, for example, the IDF was unable to advance at all. Read it - there is a lot of information on the Internet about this. hi
                    1. yehat2
                      yehat2 18 February 2021 17: 17
                      +2
                      it is for those who live there, every event is important.
                      And I lived in Siberia for several decades and was somehow not particularly interested.
                      as I said, I will study the question, but why do you call aggression an inevitable reaction to your actions - I don't understand. It's real. Israel, on the other hand, was waiting for Syria to act after the start of the bombing of Egypt and knew that if it did not bomb, they would not do anything. But you persistently accuse Syria of aggression. And now someone has brought something to Syria, even from Iran (I follow the official Israeli version) - why the hell are Israeli planes flying there now to bomb? Potential hazard? Yes, there are so many of them that there will not be enough bombs, but only Syria is bombed and only at that moment when it cannot answer in any way. This is not protection or security, but some kind of blatant terror.
                      Yes, the Israelis have their own opinion. But it comes from the German uber alles. And very often he distorts events in a key - oh, we are poor peaceful people who have rolled out all our neighbors in 6 days, they are offended. Well, you must admit, it even sounds strange.
                      I will study the issue and return to the discussion, because there is not enough evidence to argue.
                      So far, I can notice general inconsistencies, but this is not enough.
                      1. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 18 February 2021 17: 40
                        0
                        1) Yes, what does the inevitable reaction have to do with it laughing The Syrians started the war, they just decided to cheat and ... outsmarted themselves. According to the mind, it was necessary either to advance in full force or not to interfere at all.
                        Israel's actions - the territory did not allow him to wait for June 22. Even with the best territorial situation in October 1973, with the buffer in the form of the Sinai and the Golan Heights, Israel, which refrained from a preemptive strike, lost five times more people after the Arab (including Syrian) aggression than in 1967. Therefore, the attack on Egypt was the only correct decision in that situation.
                        The current bombing of Syria - Israel's next war will be in the North. With Persian proxies in Lebanon (Hezbollah). Allowing them to gain a foothold in Syria with all the Fatimians and others (Afghans and Pakistanis), as well as the IRGC specialists, is an impermissible stupidity.
                        As for the dangers in the region, it is the most tangible in Syria, which is why they are bombing.
                        Syrian intelligence and tank troops come from German Uber Alles laughing At their origins were fugitive SS-members, incl. implicated in the genocide of the Slavs and Jews. The Mossad only managed to injure one of the fiercest with letters with explosives - he lost the fingers of one hand and an eye.
                        Well, about the rest - the territory of the country does not allow waiting for enemy strikes. In principle, there is already peace with Jordan and Egypt. Only Syria, Gaza and Lebanon remained inadequate.
  2. Destiny
    Destiny 18 February 2021 05: 44
    +12
    Only one thing is known - the tightly tied "Syrian knot" is still very far from a peaceful settlement. And this is due to the collision of interests of several world and regional powers at once.

    Yes, to the world there, oh, how far away .. The Syrians among themselves might have reconciled already in spite of religious and political differences, if it were not for laziness to them not climbed, from neighbors to different overseas comrades.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 18 February 2021 06: 07
    +6
    As long as the United States is pumping oil in Syria, there will be no peace settlement, and no new constitution will save.
    1. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 18 February 2021 06: 41
      -5
      Quote: parusnik
      As long as the United States is pumping oil in Syria, there will be no peace settlement, and no new constitution will save.

      So nowhere in the world where did Sasha climb
      Moreover, where do they pump oil from? They benefit from the mess, under the guise of pumping out everything that gets under the dirty hand
    2. Asad
      Asad 18 February 2021 06: 43
      +2
      Where are they pumping it? They protect from the Syrians and allow the Kurds to sell in spite of the Turks. Here from Iraq, they are pumping, probably there are not even meters on the tankers.
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 18 February 2021 07: 44
        -3
        Quote: ASAD
        Protected from the Syrians

        Masterpiece laughing
        The oil belongs to the Syrians, but it is someone who is insolently crawling into it from them and is guarding it laughing
        Let me break into your apartment and guard your apartment from you.
        And God forbid, turn on the water, light, gas.
        There will be no warning, RPG volley into the bedroom where you still live laughing
        1. Asad
          Asad 18 February 2021 08: 11
          0
          And what did I say wrong? Why don't the Syrians pump their oil? Who doesn't let them download it?
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 18 February 2021 08: 22
            -3
            Quote: ASAD
            Who doesn't let them download it?

            Are you serious?
            So they are simply not allowed there.
            The US will send mechanized formations to Syria to protect oil and gas fields from terrorists, Defense Secretary Mark Esper said on Friday. Such formations usually include tanks and other armored vehicles.

            Earlier, US President Donald Trump said that "a small number of the US military will remain in the area with oil," despite his promise to withdraw troops from Syria.

            So who are they protecting from?
            Continue?
            1. Asad
              Asad 18 February 2021 08: 28
              0
              So I immediately wrote that the Americans are protecting the deposits from the OWNER! What's wrong!?
              1. Lipchanin
                Lipchanin 18 February 2021 08: 50
                -1
                Quote: ASAD
                So I immediately wrote that the Americans are protecting the deposits from the OWNER! What's wrong!?

                Sorry, I misunderstood recourse hi
      2. dSK
        dSK 18 February 2021 07: 51
        0
        Quote: ASAD
        yes they allow the Kurds to sell out of spite of the Turks

        Or maybe the other way around?
        Quote: ASAD
        Here from Iraq, there they swing
        They are being taken out to Iraq, our aerospace forces only burn "Turkish" fuel trucks, but they have not yet flown beyond Euphrates, there is serious air defense ...
        1. Asad
          Asad 18 February 2021 08: 13
          +2
          Do you really think that the Americans are interested in oil delivered by fuel trucks?
  4. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 18 February 2021 06: 29
    0
    As far as the opposition will be satisfied

    The opposition, as practice and history show, has never been satisfied with concessions.
    It, the opposition, may agree for the sake of appearance, but then it will again muddy the waters and demand new concessions. And the sponsors will not let them stop.
    I am not saying that the opposition should be stifled and not listened to.
    I'm talking about the fact that she must not allow anything illegal
    An example is provided by Europe itself and the states.
    How they are driving the lawlessness of scumbags from this very opposition into a framework
    Criticism of the authorities is one thing, riots and provocations are another.
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 18 February 2021 07: 36
      +1
      Hi soldier
      For any opposition it is worth looking into the back rows or into a dark corner, and there, just, there will be the one who is the main one, who has a decisive voice, influence.
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 18 February 2021 07: 46
        -4
        Hi soldier
        So no opposition can exist without sponsors
        And as a rule, they are sitting in the wrong country against whom they started the "fight"
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 18 February 2021 08: 39
          0
          Wherever advisers / advisers sit, they will influence!
          Although, they also lose control of their charges ... it happens when the charges are blown away by their success!
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 18 February 2021 08: 52
            -1
            Quote: rocket757
            Wherever advisers / advisers sit, they will influence!

            This is how they, by and large, influence the position of the opposition.
            Step in the wrong direction, weaning from the trough
  5. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 18 February 2021 07: 20
    0
    The United Nations, which, it would seem, should first of all, take effective collective measures to de-escalate the conflict.
    As long as the UN rules the United States, what a world, what are you talking about. request
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 18 February 2021 07: 34
    0
    It's clear that it's a dark matter .... and the light at the end of the tunnel is not visible, yet, in any way.
    1. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 18 February 2021 07: 48
      -5
      Quote: rocket757
      and the light at the end of the tunnel is not visible, yet, in any way.

      Well, as long as Sasha is there, he will not be
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 18 February 2021 08: 41
        0
        Stripes are a problem, but one of many! This is also worth recognizing, so as not to dwell on one thing, skipping another, no less significant.
  7. Bez 310
    Bez 310 18 February 2021 07: 54
    +7
    Yes, I can't sleep well, I keep thinking - how is the Syrian Constitution?
    Very timely and necessary article, other questions in our
    country have been resolved, it remains to deal with the Syrian Constitution.
    Judging by the fact that the article is actively commented on, there is on this resource
    people who think globally, do not lock themselves in their small
    little world. Keep it up the author, "peshi ischo"!
    1. prior
      prior 18 February 2021 08: 11
      -1
      You have to rewrite your own from cover to cover, but the Syrian Kremlin has taken care of it.
    2. Intruder
      Intruder 18 February 2021 22: 59
      +1
      other issues in our country have been resolved, it remains to deal with the Syrian Constitution.
      of course, even the pandemic was almost defeated and we have a vaccine that is even bought abroad, the same Iran! In a couple of years, we are flying to the moon, already in the plans, and then more ..., all the main problems have been solved or there are effective ways to overcome, now we are helping Syria, with the basic law ... wink
      1. Bez 310
        Bez 310 19 February 2021 08: 08
        +1
        Quote: Intruder
        all major problems have been solved or there are effective ways to overcome

        I don't even know what to tell you ...
  8. Boromir1941
    Boromir1941 18 February 2021 08: 16
    +1
    the West just needs Syrian oil. So they arranged the situation with the ISIS and so that they supposedly pinned themselves on the territory of Syria to supposedly fight terrorists. to "legitimize" your presence
    1. Mikhail Ya2
      Mikhail Ya2 19 February 2021 13: 17
      0
      Why does the USA need these crumbs? Before the war in Syria, they were producing 30 barrels per day, now 15-16. This is a drop in the ocean, which does not even cover the costs of the United States for the maintenance of their contingent. This oil is pumped by the Kurds, by the way the citizens of Syria
  9. Ros 56
    Ros 56 18 February 2021 08: 18
    0
    Any signing, of any agreements, must be supported and even nudged in the right direction by practical actions, such as when signing the Minsk agreements. Every hour of delay is fraught with the loss of territories and people. This is one of the main principles of politics. The main thing here is to choose the right end goal and ways to achieve it. With Minsk, I think we missed a lot, here the bodyag has been dragging on for seven years. The same is in Syria, we must look decades ahead.
  10. nikvic46
    nikvic46 18 February 2021 09: 33
    -1
    Syria is our historical partner. There was a time when the Soviet base in Tartus ensured the security of this country. And there was also a time when we lost these partners. Then we came to our senses. The role of Turkey from the very beginning was disgusting for us. After all, at that time it even suited the presence of terrorists in Syria. Through them they pumped oil. It is not entirely clear to me when they want to create the Constitution of this country without its representatives.
    1. yehat2
      yehat2 18 February 2021 16: 13
      +2
      Quote: nikvic46
      without her representatives

      Syrians in Sochi are represented
      while in Sochi they are discussing the base that will help unite the fragments of the former country.
      the old conditions do not work - and the new ones, which everyone will accept, do not.
      Without unification, the conflict in Syria will drag on
  11. yehat2
    yehat2 18 February 2021 09: 47
    +2
    Quote: Lipchanin
    Continue?

    the problem is a little more complicated.
    who among the Syrians can try to extract oil?
    the state cannot allocate forces to control production, private traders remain
    and they were all called terrorists. And they have bird rights.
    This is what the United States is using.
    1. nikvic46
      nikvic46 19 February 2021 05: 53
      0
      This is the usual thieves' method. When extracting oil and maintaining military facilities, they (the United States) have to pay money to Syria. And a lot.
  12. BAI
    BAI 18 February 2021 10: 03
    +1
    The situation in Syria, for example, is not so easy, and a conflict can break out at any moment, and the Americans can easily take advantage of this.

    The US won't just use it. They will light it up. If this method is crowned with success, it will be a demonstration of how the conflict in Ukraine should be resolved. And this is unacceptable for the United States.
  13. MrFox
    MrFox 18 February 2021 10: 45
    +1
    Honduras! Honduras!
    In the heart of each of us!
    Honduras! Honduras!
    We are with you in anxious hour!
    Honduras! Honduras!
    Where is your working class?
    Honduras! Paraguay!
    Whom you want - choose!
  14. yehat2
    yehat2 18 February 2021 17: 48
    +1
    Quote: Krasnodar
    was the only right

    this is the center of the dispute
    no, she was the only profitable one.
  15. yehat2
    yehat2 18 February 2021 17: 50
    +1
    Quote: Krasnodar
    Only Syria, Gaza and Liwa remained inadequate

    with your approach to problem solving, inadequacies will never end.
    otherwise, armed patrols would not have walked through Israel itself.
  16. Intruder
    Intruder 18 February 2021 22: 54
    0
    organized a format in which the government and the opposition sat down at the negotiating table, fighting against it with arms in hand.
    well, well ... for three, after all, they figured out in any way:
    Countries of the "Astana format" Russia, Turkey and Iran
  17. Evgeny Kirov
    Evgeny Kirov 19 February 2021 11: 14
    -2
    The Americans and Israel have been spinning your constitution on what you know ..
  18. Alex1949
    Alex1949 9 March 2021 19: 07
    -1
    It is necessary to persuade Syria to join Russia, like Crimea. Almost all questions will disappear almost automatically. Turkey will go beyond its borders. The Americans will be forced to leave Syria. Iran will return to Iran. And if the Jews strike at Russia at least once, the result will be the occupation of Israel by Russia and the complete disappearance of this state and the resettlement of the remnants of Jews beyond the Arctic Circle. We are also solving the Kurdish issue, there may be various options. And most importantly, Russia will have the full right to destroy the militants, without asking anyone or agreeing with anyone about this complete destruction. No prisoners, executions before execution trenches. And let the West and America howl with anger. And the sanctions are in place all the time. Don't give a damn about the sanctions. But the huge region will be under the control of the Russian army, and this is oil and gas and the pacification of this huge region