Military Review

Production of MBT Arjun. Modest reasons for pride

44

Tanks "Arjun" of the first model of the 43rd Tank Regiment at the parade, January 23, 2010


In the mid-nineties, Indian industry completed the development of its first own main battle tank, the Arjun. A few years later, this car was brought to mass production and service in the army. The development of the project continued, and now the army is preparing to master the tanks of the new modification Arjun Mk 1A.

From project to army


Research work on a promising Indian tank began in the seventies. The completion of the design of the MBT "Arjun" was officially announced in the early nineties. At the same time, the army issued an order for pre-production tanks of the new model. By the end of the decade, a full-scale serial production contract appeared. The production of new MBTs was entrusted to the Heavy Vehicles Factory in Avadi (Tamil Nadu).

Back in the mid-nineties, the 43rd Tank Regiment, at that time armed with outdated T-55s, received six Arjun pre-production tanks. The deliveries of serial armored vehicles began only in the two thousandth. So, in 2004, it was reported about the transfer of the first serial batch of 16 Arjun Mk 1 tanks to the regiment. The rearmament processes dragged on until 2009, when the number of new equipment was brought to the standard 45 units. At the same time, the regiment completely got rid of outdated equipment.


75th Tank Regiment at the parade on January 26, 2013

After a break, in 2011, deliveries of Arjun tanks to the 75th Tank Regiment began. The process of its rearmament took several more years and ended in the mid-tenths. Having previously gained the necessary experience, the industry was able to speed up production and faster fulfill existing orders.

For a number of reasons, the Indian army decided to transfer only two regiments to the Arjun tanks of the first model. 124 units were built for them. technology. Until recently, this was the entire MBT fleet of its own Indian design, but in the future, an increase in quantitative and qualitative indicators is expected.

New modification


At the end of the 2s, against the background of mass production, the development of an improved Arjun Mk 2012 tank began. About a hundred modifications and improvements were proposed, affecting all the main characteristics and capabilities. In 14-XNUMX. experimental machines of the new modification have been tested and, in general, have confirmed the calculated parameters.

However, the army was in no hurry to order the upgraded tank. For all its advantages, "Arjun" of the second version did not fully meet the technical and economic requirements. The result of this was an order for the revision of the project in the direction of lightening the design and reducing the cost of production. In 2018, this version of the Arjun Mk 2 project received its own designation Arjun Mk 1A.


Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the Arjun tank of the 75th Regiment, November 14, 2020

In 2020, the army completed tests of the Arjun MBT of the latest version of the Mk 1A and recommended it for the series. A few days ago, Indian media reported the approval of a new contract for the production of tanks. It provides for the construction of 118 tanks. They should be made and delivered to the army within the next 4-5 years. The cost of this technique is Rs 8400 crores (Rs 84 billion or US $ 1,16 billion).

It is curious that the assembly of the first car began last year and has already been successfully completed. The first serial Arjun Mk 1A was handed over to the customer on February 14 during a ceremony with the participation of the country's top leadership. Already this year, the transfer of a whole batch of tanks of the new modification is possible.

Minor tank


To date, the Indian army has ordered, received and mastered 124 main battle tanks "Arjun" basic modification Mk 1. This technique was distributed between two tank regiments. An order has also been placed for 118 newer Arjun Mk 1A, and the first vehicle of this contract has already been received. Apparently, with the help of this contract, two more regiments of the ground forces will be re-equipped.


SAMHO guided missile tests, September 2020

Thus, if the production program does not face any difficulties, by the middle of the decade India will have 242 MBTs of its own design and local production. With the help of this technique, no more than 4-5 tank regiments will be rearmed.

In this context, it should be recalled that the Indian Army has over 60 tank regiments, each of which has dozens of tanks. According to open data, there are more than 2400 T-72M1 MBTs and over 1000 T-90Ss of foreign and local assembly in service. At least 1100 more tanks are in storage.

Thus, the successful fulfillment of new orders for the production of the modernized MBT "Arjun" will not have a significant impact on the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the Indian tank forces. The share of self-developed equipment will not exceed 7-8 percent, as a result of which the fighting qualities of the army will continue to be determined by Soviet and Russian armored vehicles.

Possible opponents


The 43rd and 75th Tank Regiments, equipped with the Arjun MBT, are stationed near the Indian-Pakistani border. In the event of aggravation of relations between the two countries or the beginning of an open conflict, they will have to solve certain tasks, up to the conduct of hostilities.


Acceptance ceremony of the first Arjun Mk 1A tank, February 14, 2021

The Pakistani army has 2 armored divisions and 7 separate tank brigades. These formations are quite large in size and have a large fleet of armored vehicles. The total number of tanks in the Pakistani army exceeds 2400 units, not counting equipment in storage.

The ranks have medium and main tanks of seven types of different origins. The most massive is the MBT "Al-Zarrar" joint Pakistani-Chinese development - at least 500 units; a park of up to 700 units is reported. The production of Al-Khalid tanks continues, also organized together with China. Such machines were built in an amount of at least 300 units. More than 300 Soviet-made T-80UD tanks were purchased from Ukraine. Also, several hundred outdated medium tanks received from China remain in service.

It is easy to see that the Indian Arjun tanks have a certain qualitative superiority over the outdated Pakistani armored vehicles. The new modification of the Arjun Mk 1A in the future should show advantages over other equipment of a potential enemy. However, the real potential of Indian tanks of their own design is seriously limited by their number. As a consequence, the influence of such a technique on the course of hypothetical combat operations may be minimal.

Limited success


Over the past few decades, India has been trying to develop its defense industry and create its own weapons and equipment to reduce its dependence on imports. Work in this direction is progressing with limited success, but the main challenge is unlikely to be achieved in the foreseeable future.


The newest tank, its crew and the country's leadership

Having spent a lot of time and resources, India was able to create its own main tank, generally meeting the requirements of its time. However, despite all the efforts and costs, it was not possible to build it in a large series. The Arjuna modernization project gave the desired results of a technical nature, but the series will again be limited and will not have a noticeable effect on the state of the tank fleet.

However, even such results of work become a reason for pride. At the moment, only a few countries in the world can develop and build MBT, and India is now one of them. Similar projects are being implemented in other areas, including combat Aviation and military shipbuilding.

Not so long ago it became known that the serial Arjun Mk 1A of the new order will be the last in its family. The production of such equipment is not planned to continue. In the future, the industry will have to develop and master a completely new tank. What it will be and, more importantly, what series it will be able to build is unknown. However, it is obvious that armored vehicles of Soviet and Russian design will continue to form the basis of Indian tank forces for a long time to come. There are no prerequisites for changing this situation yet.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of India, Government of India
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  1. SAG
    SAG 17 February 2021 04: 52
    +5
    The media reported on the approval of a new contract for the production of tanks. It provides for the construction of 118 tanks. They should be made and delivered to the army within the next 4-5 years. The cost of this technique is Rs 8400 crores (Rs 84 billion or US $ 1,16 billion).

    It is not difficult to calculate that one tank costs about $ 10 million. This even surpasses the record of the Korean Black Panther (~ $ 8,5 million per unit). I.e
    1 arjun = 3 t-72b3 or 2t-90s !!!
    Peremoga? Definitely! hi
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 17 February 2021 04: 58
      +5
      Quote: SAG
      1 arjun = 3 t-72b3 or 2t-90s !!! It even breaks the record

      But he is his, almost, and again a record! Well, the general's daughters Zita and Gita also want kushat ...
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 17 February 2021 05: 03
      +1
      Quote: SAG
      It is not difficult to calculate that one tank costs about $ 10 million.

      The Indians pay their workers quite well. On the clapboard in Tagil, everyone fled, don't care for us.
      1. Thrifty
        Thrifty 17 February 2021 05: 14
        -10%
        Mordvin 3 -Armata will soon become obsolete without going into the series, but what money on the project-fix were dumbfounded! !!
        1. carstorm 11
          carstorm 11 17 February 2021 08: 05
          +8
          Are you so intoxicated? Tank on trials) why should it become obsolete and even morally?) 90 percent, if not more, tanks in the world of 70-80 years of development)
          1. Aerodrome
            Aerodrome 17 February 2021 13: 38
            +2
            yes, let them at least do something ... and they will buy our T-90, MiG 35 ...
            1. carstorm 11
              carstorm 11 17 February 2021 14: 06
              +3
              Price quality. No doubt. 10 lyam ea is pure nonsense
        2. Flooding
          Flooding 17 February 2021 17: 14
          +3
          Quote: Thrifty
          Mordvin 3 -Armata will soon become obsolete without going into the series, but what money on the project-fix were dumbfounded! !!

          the modernization stock of the T-72 allows this tank to still be in service.
          t-90 in its new modernization meets all modern requirements.
          how can you freeze something about Armata, which is only acquiring its basic appearance after the tests.
      2. loki565
        loki565 17 February 2021 17: 15
        -1
        The Indians pay their workers quite well. On the lining in Tagil, everyone scattered, fuck us, not the armature
        .
        such a price is not from the wages of workers, in India they like to bargain))) this is where the price of the tank comes from, there is nothing new in it.
    3. Alf
      Alf 17 February 2021 19: 20
      +3
      Quote: SAG
      The media reported on the approval of a new contract for the production of tanks. It provides for the construction of 118 tanks. They should be made and delivered to the army within the next 4-5 years. The cost of this technique is Rs 8400 crores (Rs 84 billion or US $ 1,16 billion).

      It is not difficult to calculate that one tank costs about $ 10 million. This even surpasses the record of the Korean Black Panther (~ $ 8,5 million per unit). I.e
      1 arjun = 3 t-72b3 or 2t-90s !!!
      Peremoga? Definitely! hi

      Yes, the budget of his MO Arjun has managed to do it.
  2. Thrifty
    Thrifty 17 February 2021 05: 12
    -1
    The crew of the tank is 5 people? The fifth member of the crew is visible, singing songs to the rest while they are fighting, so as not to be distracted from the case, or a fireman of a tank engine ...
    1. Soveticos
      Soveticos 17 February 2021 05: 26
      +1
      And also waves a fan and decorates a tank for parades
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 17 February 2021 05: 29
      -3
      Quote: Thrifty
      The crew of the tank is 5 people? The fifth member of the crew is visible, singing songs to the rest while they are fighting, so as not to be distracted from the case, or a fireman of a tank engine ...

      But in T 34-85 there were also five people. And in the three-tower T-28 - six.
      1. yehat2
        yehat2 17 February 2021 13: 39
        -2
        Quote: Mordvin 3
        But in T 34-85 there were also five people

        the turret with 3 crew members was a great achievement - gunner, loader and tank commander.
        Now, when there is an automatic loader, the gun is stabilized, the turret traverse drives are accurate enough, radio communication does not interfere, there is a panoramic sight, then sometimes one person is enough in the tower.
        1. Alf
          Alf 17 February 2021 19: 25
          +4
          Quote: yehat2
          Quote: Mordvin 3
          But in T 34-85 there were also five people

          the turret with 3 crew members was a great achievement - gunner, loader and tank commander.
          Now, when there is an automatic loader, the gun is stabilized, the turret traverse drives are accurate enough, radio communication does not interfere, there is a panoramic sight, then sometimes one person is enough in the tower.

          Which modern tank in the tower is one man on?
    3. paul3390
      paul3390 17 February 2021 09: 22
      +5
      The crew of the tank is 5 people?

      This is a tradition. The crew of the fighting elephant - 5 snouts. The driver, two soldiers in a cradle, throwing sharp pieces of iron, and two padagopters. Protecting the feet of an elephant.
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. yehat2
      yehat2 17 February 2021 13: 33
      +2
      Quote: Thrifty
      The crew of the tank is 5 people? XNUMXth crew member

      cook a camping snack, service the car, carry weights
      works above the roof.
    6. loki565
      loki565 17 February 2021 17: 19
      0
      The crew of the tank is 5 people? The fifth member of the crew is visible, singing songs to the rest while they are fighting, so as not to be distracted from the case, or a fireman of a tank engine ...

      And they all sit on the tower under umbrellas)))
  3. Soveticos
    Soveticos 17 February 2021 05: 23
    -2
    I'm pretty sure that this tank is purely Indian in one name and assembly. Somewhere else I read that the tank, after some time of operation, begins to "fall apart".
  4. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 17 February 2021 06: 12
    +7
    Twice it is written that there are only 2 regiments of tanks, but not a single tsyferka about the tanks themselves.
    At least the most basic performance characteristics, and how the versions differ.
    1. aars
      aars 17 February 2021 06: 55
      +4
      Probably the author considered it unnecessary, they will find it on the internet ...
      Although "brevity is the sister of talent" is clearly out of place here, the whole article can be rearranged in 5-7 sentences, I could add.
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 17 February 2021 07: 15
        +5
        Although "brevity is the sister of talent" is clearly out of place here, the whole article can be rearranged in 5-7 sentences, I could add.
        You are not a local on the site. This is the author's corporate identity.
    2. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 17 February 2021 07: 52
      +3
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      Twice it is written that there are only 2 regiments of tanks, but not a single tsyferka about the tanks themselves.
      At least the most basic performance characteristics, and how the versions differ.
      About a hundred improvements and improvements were proposed,
      Looking at the photo, the towers are different.
  5. Cowbra
    Cowbra 17 February 2021 06: 50
    +4
    Indian songs cannot be understood
    And you can't check the tanks in the dance.
    On performance characteristics, they all do not care
    Kohl money can be sponsored.
    There logic never slept in these tanks. There is exactly zero sense in their construction.
    PiSi that was always touching. that they can manage even in small things. Look at the camouflage of the tank. When did the rule appear - no straight lines in camouflage ?! Does a straight line always attract attention? Oh, bullshit, we're Indians, we don't give a damn. Or over there — the tow hooks stained with bright scarlet. They even look like a flashlight on a dark night ...
    1. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 17 February 2021 06: 58
      +1
      Quote: Cowbra
      There is exactly zero sense in their construction.

      The meaning is just there and it is very clear - to form our own tank industry.
      Russia - it exists today, but not tomorrow, and far away. And China and Pakistan are close and will not go anywhere.
      1. Cowbra
        Cowbra 17 February 2021 07: 06
        +6
        Well, this is not done. Licensed assembly, training, design of experimental batches ... But not serial production according to all criteria of a shitty tank - expensive, like an infection, in a significant part of India is stupidly inapplicable, because it will not reach, overweight, Indian in a tank, according to the ex-minister - 30%, which tank, which industry, which Indian?
        1. Jacket in stock
          Jacket in stock 17 February 2021 07: 15
          +6
          Quote: Cowbra
          Indian in a tank, according to the ex-minister - 30%

          So what?
          There is even less Russian in the Superjet, but the plant is ours, Russian. And our designer.
          Indians are learning. Nobody has ever succeeded from scratch. They need time, money, experience ... they have a lot of money, time too, and they are gaining experience right now.
      2. IL-18
        IL-18 17 February 2021 23: 41
        0
        Quote: Jacket in stock
        China with Pakistan near

        And the terrain in the areas of contact will be mostly mountainous. Hindus can use the following tactics: in defense and breakthrough Arjun. Then T-55, T-72, T-90 to Beijing and Islamabad soldier
    2. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 17 February 2021 07: 19
      +3
      Or over there — the tow hooks stained with bright scarlet. They even look like a flashlight on a dark night ...
      In all fairness, this is still a ceremonial coloring. Ours, too, for the parade on vehicles draw anything that is not very camouflage. Of course, we are far from the Indians. But still.
    3. Alf
      Alf 17 February 2021 19: 27
      +4
      Quote: Cowbra
      Or over there — the tow hooks stained with bright scarlet. They even look like a flashlight on a dark night ...

      Ceremonial samples ...
  6. Private SA
    Private SA 17 February 2021 07: 27
    +2
    Drive both regiments across the Tar (Thar) desert on a march, and see what remains
    from materiel, and honestly report to the management.
    PS I saw at least a company of T-72, sadly scraping wet clay with caterpillars in service in the KDVO.
    Crawling underneath. Let these climb the sand.
    1. yehat2
      yehat2 17 February 2021 13: 55
      +2
      the Hindus have recently had teachings in the desert.
      they considered the most primitive maneuvers to be complete tin, not even stuttering about the march.
      and yes, the dances of the tankers - it looks extremely dull.
  7. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 17 February 2021 07: 39
    +2
    cool picture:
    The newest tank, its crew and the country's leadership
    Is the god peeping out of the tank? belay
    1. CastroRuiz
      CastroRuiz 18 February 2021 11: 47
      0
      Ganesha. :)
  8. mojohed2012
    mojohed2012 17 February 2021 07: 53
    +2
    The tank has no carpets, red rooster combs and images of dancing soldiers.
    Why isn't the coloring traditionally colorful?
    Question: the tanks may be good, but at the decisive moment - will the Indian tankers have enough endurance and courage - to engage in battle with enemy tanks? If they never in their lives and never participated in tank battles?
    1. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 17 February 2021 08: 00
      +2
      Quote: mojohed2012
      If they never in their lives and never participated in tank battles?

      And in our Russian army, did anyone take part in battles?
      1. mojohed2012
        mojohed2012 17 February 2021 08: 12
        +4
        Chechnya, Georgia, Syria - no? Didn't the volunteers go to the LDNR?
        1. Jacket in stock
          Jacket in stock 17 February 2021 08: 20
          0
          Quote: mojohed2012
          Chechnya, Georgia, Syria - no?

          Chechnya ??? This is when it was. You still remember Afghan.
          Service life in the Russian Army 1 year. Or the determination and courage of those who volunteered for Novorossiya should be enough for all our tankers?
          1. sleeve
            sleeve 17 February 2021 13: 55
            +1
            Those who first sat at the levers, colonels, second battalions. Here they are for a small step to their current positions, three eights "played". Everything is according to the canon. Back in the 16th, I admired how quickly the Syrians learned local tank combat, and they did not invent new techniques on the go, including a new format of assault groups. Honestly sat and "admired").
    2. SKS_PRO
      SKS_PRO 17 February 2021 11: 03
      +1
      Well, about not participating, I would not be so categorical:
      https://topwar.ru/94149-neravnyy-boy-indiyskih-tankistov-u-reki-basantar.html
      well, "so as not to get up twice"))
      https://military.wikireading.ru/5681
  9. Private SA
    Private SA 17 February 2021 07: 59
    +2
    Quote: Mavrikiy
    Is the god peeping out of the tank?

    God Shiva with six hands on old tanks without mechanism
    there is not enough gun reloading for the crew. Feet on the pedals
    two hands on the levers, two for charging, two for observation optics.
  10. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 17 February 2021 08: 42
    +4
    As in the movies: the tank is good, only the soil is afraid. The main thing is to steal money, but the fact that it turned out to be a miracle that is not able to move normally due to weight is a trifle, T72 and T90 will fight.
  11. Alf
    Alf 17 February 2021 19: 19
    +2
    With all its advantages, "Arjun" of the second version did not fully meet the technical and economic requirements.

    Dear Kirill! Tell me straight, it turned out to be junk, and even "gold".
  12. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 18 February 2021 11: 36
    0
    IN nechego boyatsa i kuda to speshit.
    T-90 viruchivaet.
    A tank Ardzhun, eto dla podderzhki nacionalnoy gordosti. I IN eto khorosho znayut.